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Math 2412 Review Packet

Graph the following exponential functions, show the T-Table with at least 6 points and state the domain and range.

1.

f x

(

)

4

 

e

x 2



y
x











For problems 2 through 10, use your calculator to evaluate:

2

3

4

5

6

(15)

2

5

(3.4)

1.9

e 3

5

e

6e

4.75

7

8

9

10

ln e

70

ln 22

log

10

4log

19

10

5

11.

Graph the logarithmic function in the coordinate system. Find the domain and

range of the exponential function. Do the t-table of values (at least points) using the exponential form of the function.

f

(

)

x

log

5

(

1)

x  

2



y
x











Iodine 131 is a radioactive material that decays according to the

function

is the amount present at time t (in days). Assume that a scientist has a sample of 100 grams of iodine 131.

( )

A t A e

0

0.087

t

where

A

0 is the initial amount present and A

12. a) How much iodine 131 is left after 9 days?

b). When will 70 grams of iodine 131 be left?

The number of bacteria present at a given time under certain

conditions is given by the equation

expressed in minutes. How many bacteria are present at the end of:

Round to the nearest whole number.

Q 5500

e .07 t

, where t is

13. 15 minutes:

14. 1 hour:

15. How many minutes will there be 40,000 bacteria?

Write the following in equivalent exponential form.

16.

log

32

4

2

5

Write the following in equivalent logarithmic form.

17.

81

1

4

3

Evaluate the expression. Round to the nearest hundredths.

18. log

Evaluate

19.

log

10

0.000001

8

19

Use the properties of logarithms to expand:

x
4
y
20. ln
2

z

Use the logarithms to condense each logarithmic expression:

21.

1

3

ln

y

2ln(

y

4)ln(

y

1)

22. The population P of San Benito grows exponentially according

to the function

P ( t ) 6500

e 0.38 t

, where t = 0.

a. Find the population in 15 years, or t = 15

b. In how many years will the population be 48,000.

Find the domain of the following

23.

24.

f

(

)

x

f

(

)

x

log

log

2

7

(

x

3)

2

x x

7

10

Solve the Logarithmic and Exponential Equations

 25. log 5 26. log 2

x

log

3

x

1

(

1)

x  

log

4

x

1

27. log

9

x

28.

log(

2

x

3log

19)

3

2

x

14

29.

30.

3

2

x

2

2

x

9

2

3

x

x

2

  14  0  12  0

Graph the following exponential functions, show the T-Table and state the domain and range.

31.

f x

(

)

4

 

e

x 2





y
x









32. Graph the logarithmic function in the coordinate system by

finding the inverse of the function first. Find the domain and range

of the exponential function. Do the t-table of values using the exponential form of the function.

f

(

)

x

log

5

(

1)

x  

2