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Gas Stoichiometry

Name: ___________________
1. Small amounts of Hydrogen are conveniently prepared by reacting Zinc with
Hydrochloric acid. What mass of Zinc is required to prepare 2.50 L of Hydrogen g
as
at 765 mm Hg and 22oC?
2. When Carbon dioxide is bubbled into a solution of Calcium hydroxide, Calcium
carbonate precipitates and water is formed. During a particular experiment 2.35
g of
Calcium carbonate were formed. What volume of Carbon dioxide at 15oC and
775 mm Hg must have been bubbled into a solution of Calcium hydroxide to give th
is
quantity of Calcium carbonate?
3. An 11.2 L container is filled with H2(g) at STP. Then 40.0 g of liquid Br2(g)
is
introduced and the mixture is heated to 101oC. At this temperature, the reaction
H2(g) + Br2(g) 2HBr(g)
goes to completion. Calculate the final pressure in the container at 101oC.
4. Calculate the volume of CO2(g) produced when 24.0 g of C(s) is completely bur
ned.
All measurements are made at 745 mm Hg and 25oC.
5. Saturated solutions are often prepared by bubbling a gas through water. At 29
8 K and
1.00 atm, SO2(g) is bubbled through H2O(l) to form a saturated solution. A 10.0
mL
sample of this solution is reacted with Potassium iodate according to the reacti
on:
5SO2(aq) + 2KIO3(aq) + 4H2O(l) 2KHSO4(aq) + 3H2SO3(aq) + I2(aq)
The I2(aq) formed is then reacted completely with 65.6 mL of a 0.100 M solution
of
Na2SO3(aq) as shown:
I2(aq) + 2Na2SO3(aq) 2NaI(aq) + Na2S2O6(aq)
a. Calculate the moles of Iodine liberated.
b. Calculate the volume of SO2(g) at 27oC and 760 torr needed to prepare 1.00 L
of the saturated SO2 solution. (4 marks)
6. Consider the following reaction:
NaCN(s) + H+(aq) HCN(g) + Na+(aq)
a. What mass of Sodium cyanide is required to produce 5.67 L of HCN(g) at
25oC and 754 mm Hg?
b. What volume of HCN(g) would be produced at STP from 1.00 g NaCN(s)?
7. Calculate the volume of CO2(g) produced when 32.0 g of CH4(g) is completely b
urned.
All measurements are made at 745 mm Hg and 25oC.
8. Ammonia reacts with Oxygen gas to produce Nitrogen gas and water vapour
according to the chemical equation:
2NH3(g) + 3/2O2(g) N2(g) + H2O(g)
a. What volume of oxygen gas is required to react with 10.0 L of NH3(g) at 0oC
and 760 torr?
b. If air is 20% Oxygen by volume, what volume of air would be required to
react with 10.0 L of NH3(g) at 273 K and 2.00 atm?
9. The density of a certain gas at 28oC and 740 mm Hg is 2.53 g/L. Assuming that
the
gas behaves ideally, calculate its molar mass.
10. Determine the density of UF6(g) at 25oC and 752 mm Hg.
11. A 5.00 g sample of a gas occupies a volume of 0.456 L at 35.0oC and 1.12 atm
. What
is the molar mass of the gas? (2 marks)
12. A gas consisting of only Carbon and Hydrogen has an empirical formula of CH2
. The
gas has a density of 1.65 g/L at 27oC and 734 torr. Determine the molar mass and
the
molecular formula of the gas. (3 marks)
13. Silicon tetrachloride (SiCl4) and trichlorosilane (SiHCl3) are both starting
materials
for the production of electronics grade silicon. Calculate the densities of pure
SiCl4
and pure SiHCl3 vapour at 85oC and 758 torr. (4 marks)
14. The total mass that can be lifted by a balloon is given by the difference be
tween the
mass of air displaced by the balloon and the mass of the gas inside the balloon.
Consider a hot air balloon that approximates a sphere 5.00 m in diameter and con
tains
air heated to 65oC. The surrounding air temperature is 21oC. The pressure in the
balloon is equal to the atmospheric pressure, which is 745 torr.
a. What total mass can the balloon lift? Assume that the average molar mass of
air is 29.0 g/mol. (12 marks)
b. If the balloon is filled with enough Helium at 21oC and 745 torr to achieve t
he
same volume as part a, what total mass can the balloon lift? (3 marks)
c. What mass could the hot air balloon in part a lift if it were on the ground i
n
Denver, Colorado, where the typical atmospheric pressure is 6.30 x 102 torr?
(10 marks)