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Present Tense of Sein in German and English - Prsens

DEUTSCH ENGLISH
SINGULAR
ich bin I am
du bist you (fam.) are
er ist he is
sie ist she is
es ist it is
PLURAL
wir sind we are
ihr seid you (pl.) are
sie sind they are
Sie sind you (formal) are
Examples:
Sind Sie Herr Meier? | Are you Mr. Meier?
Er ist nicht da. | He's not here.

Past Tenses (Vergangenheit)


Simple Past Tense - Imperfekt
DEUTSCH ENGLISH
SINGULAR
ich war I was
du warst you (fam.) were
er war he was
sie war she was
es war it was
PLURAL
wir waren we were
ihr wart you (pl.) were
sie waren they were
Sie waren you (formal) were

Compound Past Tense (Pres. Perfect) Perfekt

DEUTSCH ENGLISH
SINGULAR
ich bin gewesen I was/have been
you (fam.) were
du bist gewesen have been
er ist gewesen he was/has been
sie ist gewesen she was/has been
es ist gewesen it was/has been
PLURAL
wir sind gewesen we were/have been
you (pl.) were
ihr seid gewesen have been
sie sind gewesen they were/have been
Sie sind gewesen you (formal) were/have been
Past Perfect Tense Plusquamperfekt

DEUTSCH ENGLISH
SINGULAR
ich war gewesen I had been
du warst gewesen you (fam.) had been
er war gewesen he had been
sie war gewesen she had been
es war gewesen it had been
PLURAL
wir waren gewesen we had been
ihr wart gewesen you (pl.) had been
sie waren gewesen they had been
Sie waren gewesen you (formal) had been

Future Tense - Futur

Note: The future tense, especially with Very often the present tense is used
"sein," is used much less in German than with an adverb instead. (Er kommt am
in English. Dienstag. = He'll arrive on Tuesday.)

DEUTSCH ENGLISH
SINGULAR
ich werde sein I will be
du wirst sein you (fam.) will be
er wird sein he will be
sie wird sein she will be
es wird sein it will be
PLURAL
wir werden sein we will be
ihr werdet sein you (pl.) will be
sie werden sein they will be
Sie werden sein you (formal) will be

Future Perfect - Futur II

DEUTSCH ENGLISH
SINGULAR
ich werde gewesen sein I will have been
du wirst gewesen sein you (fam.) will have been
er wird gewesen sein he will have been
sie wird gewesen sein she will have been
es wird gewesen sein it will have been
PLURAL
wir werden gewesen sein we will have been
ihr werdet gewesen sein you (guys) will have been
sie werden gewesen sein they will have been
Sie werden gewesen sein you will have been
Commands - Imperativ

There are three command (imperative)


forms, one for each German "you"
word. In addition, the "let's" form is
used with wir (we).

DEUTSCH ENGLISH

(du) sei be
(ihr) seid be
seien Sie! be
seien wir let's be
EXAMPLES:

Sei brav! | Be good!/Behave yourself!


Seien Sie still! | Be quiet!/No talking!

Subjunctive I - Konjunktiv I

The subjunctive is a mood, not a tense.


The Subjunctive I (Konjunktiv I) is based
on the infinitive form of the verb. It is NOTE: This verb form is most often
most often used to express indirect found in newspaper reports or magazine
quotation (indirekte Rede). articles.

DEUTSCH ENGLISH

SINGULAR
ich sei I am (said to be)
du sei(e)st you are (said to be)
er sei he is (said to be)
sie sei she is (said to be)
es sei it is (said to be)
PLURAL
wir seien we are (said to be)
ihr seiet you (pl.) are (said to be)
sie seien they are (said to be)
Sie seien you (formal) are (said to be)
Subjunctive II - Konjunktiv II

The Subjunctive II (Konjunktiv II)


expresses wishful thinking, contrary-to-
reality situations and is used to express This "sein" form resembles English
politeness. The Subjunctive II is based examples, such as "If I were you, I
on the simple past tense (Imperfekt). wouldn't do that."

DEUTSCH ENGLISH

SINGULAR
ich wre I would be
du wrest you would be
er wre he would be
sie wre she would be
es wre it would be
PLURAL
wir wren we would be
ihr wret you (pl.) would be
sie wren they would be
Sie wren you (formal) would be
Since the Subjunctive is a mood and not a tense, it can also be used in various
ich sei gewesen I am said to have been
ich wre gewesen I would have been
wre er hier, wrde er... if he were here, he would...
sie wren gewesen they would have been