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# NAME: _________________________________

## SECTION: STAT1 ________

SCORE: _____________ B. Having a high amount of caffeine intake
could have several harmful effects which include
panic attacks, sleep disorders, and prolonged
EXERCISE12. ESTIMATION AND TEST OF depression. Because of this, a coffee aficionado
HYPOTHESIS FOR TWO AND MORE THAN TWO is interested to compare the caffeine content of
POPULATION MEANS three brands of coffee available in the market. He
randomly selected 5 samples for each brand and
A. Ngiting Puputi is a campaign by CoolGate that
promotes whiter teeth through frequent brushing. CoffeeNATI
With college students as subjects, CoolGates Obsn CoffeeKO CoffeeNYA N
toothpaste packages were distributed to a random 1 100 115 143
sample of four STAT 1 students. To determine the 2 110 120 132
effectiveness of the campaign, white teeth score of
3 100 104 118
the sampled students were taken before and after
two weeks of use wherein the higher score means 4 110 100 139
the whiter teeth. The following are the results: 5 105 106 123
Sample
Before the campaign 60 85 90 50 Total
(popn1) (Ti) 525 545 655
After the campaign 60 90 88 59
(popn2) X 105 109 131
Difference (di) 0 -5 2 -9 n 5 5 5
s2 25.0 68.0 110.5
Assume that the difference in white teeth scores determined the corresponding caffeine content
follows a normal distribution. (in milligrams) for each sample. The data are
given as follows:
1.The type of sample is __________________.
2.Give a point estimate of the true mean difference Assuming normality of data and equality of variances
between the white teeth score before and after the are satisfied:
campaign. 1.Give a point estimate of the true mean difference
n
between caffeine content from CoffeeKO and from
d i CoffeeNYA. D 1 2 where 1 and 2 is the
d i 1
______________________ mean caffeine content of CoffeeKO and CoffeeNYA,
n respectively.
3.Construct and interpret a 95% C.I. for the true
mean difference between the white teeth score
D X 1 X 2 ________________________
before and after the campaign.
2. Test whether there are differences among the
s mean caffeine content from the 3 brands of coffee.
[d t gd ] Use = 5%.
2
( n 1) n ______________________ Ho: 1=2=3; there is no difference in the mean
caffeine content from the 3 brands of coffee
Interpretation: We _________________________________ Ha: At least one ij where i,j=1,2,3 ; At least one mean
_________________________________________________ caffeine content from the 3 brands of coffee is
is between the interval. different from the rest.
Test Statistic:
AmongMs
4.Test if the campaign is effective =0.05. Fc
Ho: 1=2; the mean white teeth score before and after WithinMs
the campaign is equal. Decision Rule: Reject Ho if Fc F(t-1, n-t)=_________, else
Ha: 1<2; the mean white teeth score before the fail to reject Ho.
campaign is less than the mean white teeth score Computation:
after the campaign. 1 t Ti 2 (GrandTotal )2
Test t
d D0 Statistic: AmongMS
SV SS
Df where
MS t=no. ofFc
popn
c
sd Among t 1 2i 1 ni 1960.00
n ________ ________
brands 00
n (n1 12
1) s12 (n2 814.000
1) s22 ... ( nt________
1) st2
WithinMS
Within
brands n t0
Decision Rule: Reject Ho if tc <-t(n-1)=_________, else Total 14 2774.00
fail to reject Ho. 00
Computation: tc=_____________
Decision: ______________________________________. Decision: _________________________________________.
Conclusion: At =0.05, ___________________________ Conclusion: At =0.05, ______________________________
________________________________________. ___________________________________________.