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ME2113

NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF SINGAPORE

ME2113 MECHANICS OF MATERIALS I

(Semester I : AY2009/2010)

Time Allowed : 2 Hours

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES:

1. This examination paper contains FOUR (4) questions and comprises SIX (6) printed
pages.

2. Answer ALL FOUR (4) questions.

3. All questions carry equal marks.

4. This is a CLOSED-BOOK EXAMINATION.

5. Programmable calculators are NOT allowed for this examination.

6. Answer questions 1 and 2 in one booklet and questions 3 and 4 in another


booklet.
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Formulae

The following formulae written using standard notations may be used.

Yield Criteria

Y
Tresca: max = 1 ( max min ) =
2 2

Mises: 1
2
[ ]
( 1 2 )2 + ( 2 3 )2 + ( 3 1 )2 Y

Hookes Law for isotropic elastic materials

x =
1
( x y z )
E
y = ( y x z )
1
E
z = ( z y x )
1
E
1 1 1 E
xy = xy ; yz = yz ; zx = zx ; where G =
G G G 2(1 + )

Strain Displacement Relationships


u
x =
x
v
y =
y
w
z =
z
v u
xy = +
x y

v w
yz = +
z y

u w
xz = +
z x
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QUESTION 1

A beam of flexural rigidity EI is fixed at both ends and is loaded by a point load P at point C
and a uniformly distributed load w as shown in Figure 1a. Draw the composite M/EI diagram
along the length of the beam and determine the reactions and bending moments (RA, RB, MA
and MB) at points A and B using the moment-area method. Hence evaluate the deflection at
point C.

(25 marks)
Y

Load intensity w

X
MA A C B MB
a a a a

RA RB

Figure 1a

The following information (usual notations apply) may be used:

(i) The area A0 under the parabolic curve KQ in Figure 1b is given by:
4 wa 3
A0 =
3EI

M/(EI)
a/2

K X

Centroid

-2wa2/EI Q
2a

Figure 1b
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QUESTION 2

An unpressurized cylindrical storage tank, which has an inner diameter of 8.5 m and a wall
thickness of 3 mm as shown in Figure 2, is made of steel having an allowable in-plane
shearing stress of 200 MPa.

(a) Determine the depth h to which the tank can be filled with water if a factor of safety
of 3.5 is desired.
(8 marks)

(b) If the tank is filled with water to a depth of h = 22 m, and the tank is subjected to a
torque of magnitude T = 25 MNm, using the Mohrs circle determine the maximum
principal stress and the maximum in-plane shearing stress in the cylindrical wall.

The weight density of water is 9.81 kN/m3.


(17 marks)

8.5 m

25 m

h (Water depth)

Figure 2
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QUESTION 3

A stepped bar consists of two sections with cross-sectional areas A1 and A2 respectively. Its
ends A and B are fixed to rigid walls as shown in Figure 3. An axial load of magnitude P is
applied at C.

(a) Determine the reaction RA at the end A in terms of the parameters P, A1, A2, L1, L2,
E1, E2.

(b) Calculate the stresses in section 1 and section 2, and the deflection at C for these
values:

P = 60 kN, A1 = 300 mm2, A2 = 150 mm2 , L1 = 400 mm, L2 = 400 mm,


E1 = 100 GPa, E2 = 200 GPa.

(c) Derive an expression for the horizontal displacement u(x) at an arbitrary distance x
from A for the stepped bar. Use the values of P, A1, A2, L1, L2, E1, E2 given in Part
(b).

(25 marks)

A E1 C B
E2

P
L1 L2

Figure 3
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QUESTION 4

(a) The stress state in a thin film of a layered structure of an electronic device can be
considered as plane stress, see Figure 4. Write down the non-zero stress components
and the non-zero strain components.

(b) Starting with the elastic stress-strain relations provided in the formulae sheet, invert
these relations for the case of plane stress to obtain the stresses in terms of the strains.

(c) At a particular point in the film, x = 1200106, y = 150106, xy = 800106.


For E = 80 GPa and = 1/3, calculate the principal stresses at this point of the film.

(d) Using Tresca yield criterion, check if yielding has occurred at this point. Take the
films yield stress Y = 100 MPa.

(25 marks)

Figure 4

- END OF PAPER -