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0910SEM1-ME2113

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You are on page 1of 6

(Semester I : AY2009/2010)

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES:

1. This examination paper contains FOUR (4) questions and comprises SIX (6) printed

pages.

booklet.

PAGE 2 ME2113

Formulae

Yield Criteria

Y

Tresca: max = 1 ( max min ) =

2 2

Mises: 1

2

[ ]

( 1 2 )2 + ( 2 3 )2 + ( 3 1 )2 Y

x =

1

( x y z )

E

y = ( y x z )

1

E

z = ( z y x )

1

E

1 1 1 E

xy = xy ; yz = yz ; zx = zx ; where G =

G G G 2(1 + )

u

x =

x

v

y =

y

w

z =

z

v u

xy = +

x y

v w

yz = +

z y

u w

xz = +

z x

PAGE 3 ME2113

QUESTION 1

A beam of flexural rigidity EI is fixed at both ends and is loaded by a point load P at point C

and a uniformly distributed load w as shown in Figure 1a. Draw the composite M/EI diagram

along the length of the beam and determine the reactions and bending moments (RA, RB, MA

and MB) at points A and B using the moment-area method. Hence evaluate the deflection at

point C.

(25 marks)

Y

Load intensity w

X

MA A C B MB

a a a a

RA RB

Figure 1a

(i) The area A0 under the parabolic curve KQ in Figure 1b is given by:

4 wa 3

A0 =

3EI

M/(EI)

a/2

K X

Centroid

-2wa2/EI Q

2a

Figure 1b

PAGE 4 ME2113

QUESTION 2

An unpressurized cylindrical storage tank, which has an inner diameter of 8.5 m and a wall

thickness of 3 mm as shown in Figure 2, is made of steel having an allowable in-plane

shearing stress of 200 MPa.

(a) Determine the depth h to which the tank can be filled with water if a factor of safety

of 3.5 is desired.

(8 marks)

(b) If the tank is filled with water to a depth of h = 22 m, and the tank is subjected to a

torque of magnitude T = 25 MNm, using the Mohrs circle determine the maximum

principal stress and the maximum in-plane shearing stress in the cylindrical wall.

(17 marks)

8.5 m

25 m

h (Water depth)

Figure 2

PAGE 5 ME2113

QUESTION 3

A stepped bar consists of two sections with cross-sectional areas A1 and A2 respectively. Its

ends A and B are fixed to rigid walls as shown in Figure 3. An axial load of magnitude P is

applied at C.

(a) Determine the reaction RA at the end A in terms of the parameters P, A1, A2, L1, L2,

E1, E2.

(b) Calculate the stresses in section 1 and section 2, and the deflection at C for these

values:

E1 = 100 GPa, E2 = 200 GPa.

(c) Derive an expression for the horizontal displacement u(x) at an arbitrary distance x

from A for the stepped bar. Use the values of P, A1, A2, L1, L2, E1, E2 given in Part

(b).

(25 marks)

A E1 C B

E2

P

L1 L2

Figure 3

PAGE 6 ME2113

QUESTION 4

(a) The stress state in a thin film of a layered structure of an electronic device can be

considered as plane stress, see Figure 4. Write down the non-zero stress components

and the non-zero strain components.

(b) Starting with the elastic stress-strain relations provided in the formulae sheet, invert

these relations for the case of plane stress to obtain the stresses in terms of the strains.

For E = 80 GPa and = 1/3, calculate the principal stresses at this point of the film.

(d) Using Tresca yield criterion, check if yielding has occurred at this point. Take the

films yield stress Y = 100 MPa.

(25 marks)

Figure 4

- END OF PAPER -

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