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# Clint:-

Project:-

## 1) Current carrying capacity of conductor(160 x 10) 3940 Amp

for Two bars (refer to table 1)

## 2) Uprating by Interleaved design 3940 x 1.18

(refer to table 2) 4649Amp

## 2) Temperature rise derating factor for 35 C rise 4649 x 0.815

over 50C ambient (refer to table 3) 3788 Amp

3) Housing derating

## Area of conductor x 100 = 160 x 10 x 7 x 100 = 4.4%

Area of enclosure 660 x 380

## Derating factor due to enclosure size 3788 x .75

(refer to table 4) 2841 Amp

## 4) Derating factor due to alloy factor 2841 x .97

(refer to table 1) 2755 Amp

This shows that bus bars are capable of working in above condition, without much of
Hence Design is safe.
Note:- Tables were taken as reference from K.C. Agarwal Book.
VOLTAGE DROP CALCULATION

## RDC at 20c = 3.133 x 100

Area of conductor (sq.cm)
(refer to table 8,electrical resitivity)

= 0.01958 m/mtr.

## Ratio of width to thickness 160

= = 16
10

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From the Table "5" & interploating, we get value of "K" = 1.16

Since, RAC
= K
RDC

## we get, RAC = 1.16 x 0.1958

(at 20 degree) = 0.0227 m/mtr.

## 20 = Temperature co-efficient of resistance

From the Table "9" 0.0033 per C at 20C

## ot = operating temperature [i.e. 85 C]

rt = reference temperature [i.e. 20 C]
Note:- Tables were taken as reference from K.C. Agarwal Book.
So, [By putting values &calculation ]

## Now by using relation = 1.26. S a

&
a+b b

here,'S' is space between two bars and 'a' & 'b' are thickness & width of the bar respectivily.

= 1.26 x 85 10
&
10 + 160 160
&
= 0.63 0.062

## From (Table 6 ) we get value of reactance (a/b and 1.26.S/a+b)

Note:- Tables were taken as reference from K.C. Agarwal Book.
X = 70 /mtr
0.07 m/mtr.

= 0.072 m/mtr.

## Voltage Drop (Vd) = IxZ

= 2500 x 0.08
= 175 mV/mtr.
= 0.175 V/mtr.
= 0.0875 V/mtr.
( for Phase splitting and interleaved design,volatge drop get halved)
This show's that, the voltage drop is minimum for mtr. Length run

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Power loss,
PL = Vd x I
= 0.08 x 2500
PL = 200 watts
PL = 0.2 KW

## SHORT CIRCUIT CALCULATION

Minium cross section of conductor required to withstand temp rise due to short circuit current
it can be calculate by formula

t i + 258

## Isc = Short circuit current (i.e. 50KA)

A = Area of cross section of conductor in sq.cm
t = Duration of short circuit ( i.e. 1 second)
f = Final temperature after short circuit ( i.e.200C)
i = Intial temperature before short circuit (i.e. 85C)

Hence, Area is

A = 50 x 1000 x 1
2.17 x 10^4 Log 10 200 + 258
85 + 258
A = 6.76 Sq.cm

The cross section area of provided conductor is 32 sqcm which is above the requirement .

## Developed between bus bars due to short circuit current

Formula Used
Fm = 16 x ISC x 10-4 x K N/mt
S

## Where Fm is force between conductor in N/mt

Isc = R.M.S value of short circuit current in Amp (50KA)
S = centre space between two conductor
K = Space factor for rectangular conductor's which is function
of size & spacing between two conductor.
a = Thickness of conductor pair( i.e.10mm)
b = Width of conductor (i.e. 160 mm)

## Which is calculated as under -

S-a = 85 - 10 = 0 0.44
a+b 10 + 160

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And

a = 10 = 0.0625
b 160

## The value of K is 0.67 (refer to table 7)

Note:- Tables were taken as reference from K.C. Agarwal Book.

Each phase having two circuit,hence[ISC = 50KA /2] , So, the force developed during short
circuit is given by (Putting in above formula)

## Fm = 16 x 25 x 25 x 1000 x 1000 x 0.67

85 x 10000

Fm = 7882.3 N/m
or Fm = 803.7 Kg/m

## (1) 1 Nm = 1/9.807 Kgfm

FRP Bus Bar Support

The supports used at every 200 mm apart for this total force acting on each support shall be
= 803.7 x 0.2
= 160. .."A"
STRESS ON BUS BAR SUPPORT

## So the bearing area of support

(Depth x thickness of support x 2) = 75 x 10 x 2
= 1500Sq.mm / 15 Sq.cm

## Force support can withstand

(Bearing area x Flexural Strength) = 15 x 1350 = 20250 Kg .. "B"

## Force developed at A above is very less than the withstand capacity at B

Hence supports, are capable of withstand these forces.

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