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Clint:-

Project:-

Rating 2500Amp,415V,TPN,Air insulated-NSPBD

Enclosure Size (660 x 380 ) mm

Conductor Size (160 x 10 )mm

Phase conductor configuration (160 x 10) x 2

Neutral conductor configuration (160 x 10) x 1

TEMPERATURE RISE CALCULATION

1) Current carrying capacity of conductor(160 x 10) 3940 Amp


for Two bars (refer to table 1)

2) Uprating by Interleaved design 3940 x 1.18


(refer to table 2) 4649Amp

2) Temperature rise derating factor for 35 C rise 4649 x 0.815


over 50C ambient (refer to table 3) 3788 Amp

3) Housing derating

Area of conductor x 100 = 160 x 10 x 7 x 100 = 4.4%


Area of enclosure 660 x 380

Derating factor due to enclosure size 3788 x .75


(refer to table 4) 2841 Amp

4) Derating factor due to alloy factor 2841 x .97


(refer to table 1) 2755 Amp

This shows that bus bars are capable of working in above condition, without much of
Hence Design is safe.
Note:- Tables were taken as reference from K.C. Agarwal Book.
VOLTAGE DROP CALCULATION

RDC at 20c = 3.133 x 100


Area of conductor (sq.cm)
(refer to table 8,electrical resitivity)

or (RDC |20c ) = 19.58 /mtr


= 0.01958 m/mtr.

Ratio of width to thickness 160


= = 16
10

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From the Table "5" & interploating, we get value of "K" = 1.16

Since, RAC
= K
RDC

we get, RAC = 1.16 x 0.1958


(at 20 degree) = 0.0227 m/mtr.

Since the operating temprature have been considered to be 85 C

RAC at 85c = (RAC |20c ) [1+20 (ot - rt )

20 = Temperature co-efficient of resistance


From the Table "9" 0.0033 per C at 20C

ot = operating temperature [i.e. 85 C]


rt = reference temperature [i.e. 20 C]
Note:- Tables were taken as reference from K.C. Agarwal Book.
So, [By putting values &calculation ]

RAC at 85c = 0.0281 m/mtr.

Now by using relation = 1.26. S a


&
a+b b

here,'S' is space between two bars and 'a' & 'b' are thickness & width of the bar respectivily.

= 1.26 x 85 10
&
10 + 160 160
&
= 0.63 0.062

From (Table 6 ) we get value of reactance (a/b and 1.26.S/a+b)


Note:- Tables were taken as reference from K.C. Agarwal Book.
X = 70 /mtr
0.07 m/mtr.

Impedance (Z) = X + RAC | 85c

= 0.072 m/mtr.

Voltage Drop (Vd) = IxZ


= 2500 x 0.08
= 175 mV/mtr.
= 0.175 V/mtr.
= 0.0875 V/mtr.
( for Phase splitting and interleaved design,volatge drop get halved)
This show's that, the voltage drop is minimum for mtr. Length run

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Power loss,
PL = Vd x I
= 0.08 x 2500
PL = 200 watts
PL = 0.2 KW

Note:- Tables were taken as reference from K.C. Agarwal Book.

SHORT CIRCUIT CALCULATION

Minium cross section of conductor required to withstand temp rise due to short circuit current
it can be calculate by formula

Isc = 2.17 x A x 10^4 Log10 f + 258


t i + 258

Isc = Short circuit current (i.e. 50KA)


A = Area of cross section of conductor in sq.cm
t = Duration of short circuit ( i.e. 1 second)
f = Final temperature after short circuit ( i.e.200C)
i = Intial temperature before short circuit (i.e. 85C)

Hence, Area is

A = 50 x 1000 x 1
2.17 x 10^4 Log 10 200 + 258
85 + 258
A = 6.76 Sq.cm

The cross section area of provided conductor is 32 sqcm which is above the requirement .

DYNAMIC FORCES (ELECTRODYNAMIC FORCE )

Developed between bus bars due to short circuit current


Formula Used
Fm = 16 x ISC x 10-4 x K N/mt
S

Where Fm is force between conductor in N/mt


Isc = R.M.S value of short circuit current in Amp (50KA)
S = centre space between two conductor
K = Space factor for rectangular conductor's which is function
of size & spacing between two conductor.
a = Thickness of conductor pair( i.e.10mm)
b = Width of conductor (i.e. 160 mm)

Which is calculated as under -

S-a = 85 - 10 = 0 0.44
a+b 10 + 160

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And

a = 10 = 0.0625
b 160

The value of K is 0.67 (refer to table 7)


Note:- Tables were taken as reference from K.C. Agarwal Book.

Each phase having two circuit,hence[ISC = 50KA /2] , So, the force developed during short
circuit is given by (Putting in above formula)

Fm = 16 x 25 x 25 x 1000 x 1000 x 0.67


85 x 10000

Fm = 7882.3 N/m
or Fm = 803.7 Kg/m

(1) 1 Nm = 1/9.807 Kgfm


FRP Bus Bar Support

The supports used at every 200 mm apart for this total force acting on each support shall be
= 803.7 x 0.2
= 160. .."A"
STRESS ON BUS BAR SUPPORT

So the bearing area of support


(Depth x thickness of support x 2) = 75 x 10 x 2
= 1500Sq.mm / 15 Sq.cm

Flexural strength of support is = 1350 Kg/cm2

Force support can withstand


(Bearing area x Flexural Strength) = 15 x 1350 = 20250 Kg .. "B"

Force developed at A above is very less than the withstand capacity at B


Hence supports, are capable of withstand these forces.

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