4 views

Original Title: 1-s2.0-S027288421400981X-main-4

Uploaded by Amin Zaoui

- t 000160 Piezoelectric Energy Source
- Binary
- Chapter 4
- Solubility of CO2 in Water
- PI Ultrasound Piezo Elements Medical
- Semisolid
- Chpt 06 Piezoelectric Materials
- AFM TheoryPracticeApplications TEXT
- 01_RP_QA
- piezoelectricity final
- T_Mag_Vs_Piezo
- Two Phase Flow Regime
- arduino s2
- lec33
- New Microsoft PowerPoint Presentation [Repaired]
- DNF;DF
- B. Kalisky et al- Magneto-Optical Investigation of the Vortex Order-Disorder Phase Transition in BSCCO
- Paper Marinkovic Koser APL
- Powell_1978.pdf
- Triple Point of T-Butanol Experiment

You are on page 1of 6

com

CERAMICS

INTERNATIONAL

Ceramics International 40 (2014) 1490714912

www.elsevier.com/locate/ceramint

compositions near the morphotropic phase boundary

W. Wanga, L.D. Wanga, W.L. Lia,b, D. Xua, Y.F. Houa, W.P. Caoa, Y. Fenga, W.D. Feia,n

a

School of Materials Science and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, PR China

b

National Key Laboratory of Science and Technology on Precision Heat Processing of Metals, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, PR China

Received 24 March 2014; received in revised form 26 May 2014; accepted 16 June 2014

Available online 21 June 2014

Abstract

The phase diagram of BaTiO3CaTiO3BaZrO3 (BTBZCT) ternary system with compositions near the morphotropic phase boundary

(MPB) has been studied. Based on the phase diagram, the relationship between piezoelectric properties and energy barriers of BTBZCT

ceramics with compositions near the MPB has been studied. Experimental result indicates that the piezoelectric response is proportional to the

energy barrier between tetragonal (T) and cubic (C) phases for the samples with the same phase composition. Furthermore, when the energy

barrier is small enough, polarization intensity change of the phase transitions is the decisive factor for the huge piezoelectric response.

& 2014 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l. All rights reserved.

Keywords: C. Piezoelectric properties; Energy barriers; BZTxBCT ceramics; BTBZCT ternary system

rhombohedral (R) and tetragonal (T) phase regions are

As environmentally friendly materials, lead-free piezoelec- separated by a morphotropic phase boundary (MPB), and they

tric ceramics are of potential interest as alternatives to lead- pointed out that the huge piezoelectric response of xBC0.3T

based piezoelectric ceramics [13]. Recently, pseudo-binary resulted from the lowenergy barriers of the phase transitions

lead-free (1 x)BaZr0.2Ti0.8O3xBa0.7Ca0.3TiO3 (xBC0.3T) near the tricritical point [4,5]. Further studies on xBC0.3T

ceramic have attracted much attention for their huge piezo- system indicated that there was a transitional region between R

electric response, the piezoelectric coefcients (d33) of and T phases in the phase diagram, and the phase composition

xBC0.3T ceramics with the compositions near x=0.5 are around of this region was the mixture phase of R and T phases

560620 pm/V, higher than that of soft PZT [49]. In fact, the [9,11,18]. Ehmke et al. reported the phase coexistence of R, T,

pseudo-binary xBC0.3T system is a section of the ternary and cubic (C) phases and the domain reorientation behavior of

system based on BaTiO3, BaZrO3 and CaTiO3 (BTBZCT), T phase under stress [12,13]. And both polarization rotation

the thick dash line in Fig. 1a shows the compositions of (the domain reorientation of T phase) and extension (the R-T

pseudo-binary xBC0.3T system given by Liu and Ren [4]. Most phase transition) make contributions to the large piezoelectric

studies are focused on the ceramics with composition at this response as Damjanovic et al. suggested [1].

thick dash line [5,7,917]; however, the ceramics with Therefore, the low energy barriers of these phases which

composition around this line in the BTBZCT ternary lead to easy phase transitions are important to the huge

diagram have been rarely studied. piezoelectric response. However, the relationship between

energy barrier and d33 has not been well studied yet. In

n

Corresponding author. Tel.: 86 451 86413908. addition, the phase composition and piezoelectric properties

E-mail address: wdfei@hit.edu.cn (W.D. Fei). of the BTBZCT ternary system have not been well

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2014.06.086

0272-8842/& 2014 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l. All rights reserved.

14908 W. Wang et al. / Ceramics International 40 (2014) 1490714912

Fig. 1. (a) BTBZCT ternary diagram, the thick dash line shows the compositions of Liu and Ren [4], the dot lines (line A, B and C) show the compositions

studied in this paper; (b) the phase diagram of xBC0.3T reported by Liu and Ren [4].

Fig. 2. (a) Typical versus temperature (the composition is (1 1.24y)BT0.52yBZ0.72yCT, y 0.21), (b)(d) phase diagram of the line A, line B and line C

samples, the dark dash lines show the temperature of the piezoelectric test.

been extensively investigated.

In this paper, the phase transitions and piezoelectric properties 2.1. Composition design

of the BTBZCT ceramics with the compositions near the MPB

of the pseudo-binary xBC0.3T system have been studied. And the The BTBZCT ternary diagram is shown in Fig. 1. The

results show that the d33 value is inuenced by both the energy compositions of the samples studied in this paper lay on

barriers and the type of the phase transitions. line A, line B and line C (the dot lines in Fig. 1), respectively.

W. Wang et al. / Ceramics International 40 (2014) 1490714912 14909

(1 1.24y)BT0.52yBZ0.72yCT, of the line B samples are

(1 1.25y)BT0.50yBZ0.75yCT and of the line C samples

are (1 1.26y)BT0.48yBZ0.78yCT (y 0.22, 0.21, 0.2, 0.19),

respectively.

in Fig. 1) were synthesized by conventional solid state reaction

technique. Stoichioimetric quantities of BaCO3 (99%), TiO2

(98%), CaCO3 (99%) and BaZrO3 (99%) were mixed and ground

by ball milling for 10 h with the addition of ethanol. After being

dried, the powder mixtures were calcined at 1250 1C for 3 h in

air. Then the mixture was ground again for 10 h with the addition

of ethanol. After being dried, the powder mixtures were mixed

with PVA binder (3 wt%) and pressed into pellets (10 mm

diameter and 1 mm thick) under uniaxial stress.

Silver electrodes were deposited on both sides of the pellet

samples by magnetron sputtering. The dielectric properties were

measured at 1 kHz as a function of temperature ( 50160 1C) on

a Novocontrol CONCEPT40 Broadband Dielectric Spectrometer.

The samples were poled in a silicon oil bath at room temperature

under an electric eld of 3 kV/mm for the measurement of

piezoelectric properties. Then the samples were placed at room

temperature for 24 h, to remove any residual electric charge and

make the samples more stable. Piezoelectric constant d33 was

measured on a quasi-static d33 meter (Model ZJ-4AN; Institute of

Acoustics, Beijing, China); the measurement temperature is 300 K.

shown in Fig. 2a. In the gure, it can be found that there are

three peaks. According to literature [4,5,9,11], R phase exists

in the temperature region below the peak at the lowest

temperature, T phase exists in the temperature region between

the peaks at the middle temperature and the highest tempera-

ture. The phase diagrams of line A, line B and line C are

established on the bases of dielectric measurement, as shown

in Fig. 2b to d. The phase diagrams of line A, line B and line C

all have pure T phase and R phase regions, and an R plus T

mixture phase region between the two pure phase regions.

In our study, the piezoelectric coefcients were measured at

300 K. According to the phase diagrams, it can be found that the

phase structures of line A and line B samples are R and T mixture

phases, while those of line C samples are pure T phases at 300 K. Fig. 3. (a)(c) piezoelectric properties of the line A, line B and line C samples

at 300 K, respectively.

3.2. Piezoelectric properties

3.3. The energy barriers and piezoelectric responses

The d33 values of the line A, line B and line C samples at 300 K

are shown in Fig. 3, it can be seen that the d33 values decrease with According to LandauDevonshire theory [19,20], the free

the decrease of y; the d33 values of the line A samples decrease energy of the system is given by:

slower than those of the line B and line C samples. Discussions of

these phenomena are presented hereinafter. G G0 AP2 BP4 DP6 1

14910 W. Wang et al. / Ceramics International 40 (2014) 1490714912

Fig. 4. (a) Free energy of the system, (b) d33 versus T C T, (T 300 K) and (c) the polarization intensity change of the R-T phase transition and the Tin-plane-

Tout-plane domain reorientation.

where A 20 T T 0 , T0 is the CurieWeiss temperature. As values of the BTBZCT ceramics near the MPB are strongly

shown in Fig. 4a, the energy barrier between T and C phases is inuenced by the energy barriers.

E B GP0 GP, where GP0 and GP are the maximum For further discussion, linear regression is done by using the

and minimum values in GP curve. p0 and p can be resolved d33 values of the line A, line B and line C samples versus T C T,

using the following equation respectively. As shown in Fig. 4b, the d33 values versus T C T

G of the line A samples can be well tted by one straight line, while

0 2 that of the line B and line C samples can be well tted by the

P

other straight line. The tted results possibly imply that the huge

Then we can obtain the following relation piezoelectric response mechanism of the line B samples is similar

2 3=2 to that of the line C samples, but it is different from the line A

4 B

E B GP0 GP p 3A 3 samples. According to the phase diagram given in Fig. 2b to d,

27 D D the phase compositions of the line A samples are the mixture of R

2 and T phases at 300 K. The content of R phase in the line B

where BD 0 T C T 0 and 0 1=0 C, C is the CurieWeiss

samples may be much lower than that of the line A samples.

constant, 0 is the Vacuum permittivity. Then we get that

Since the phase compositions of the line B samples locate at the

3=2

40 3=2 1 3 MPB, the phase compositions of the samples are mainly T

E B p T C T 0 T 4 phases. And the phase compositions of the line C samples are

27 D 2 2

pure T phases. For this system, the energy barriers of the phases

The phase transition between T and C phases of this system are small, therefore, the RT phase transition [4] and the domain

is closed to a second order phase transition [4], so we get that reorientation of T phase [13] between the in-plane domain T

T C T 0 , then we get that phase (Tin-plane) and out-plane T phase (Tout-plane)- may exist in all

3 1=2 samples. Considering the phase compositions, the phase transi-

20

Eb T C T 3=2 5 tions of the line A samples are mainly the phase transitions

27D between R and T phases, while those of the line B and line C

3 1=2 samples are mainly the domain reorientations of T phases.

2

The difference of 27D0 among the samples could be

From Fig. 4b, it can be seen that the d33 values decrease with

ignored, if the CurieWeiss constant C and D are not sensitive the increase of Eb (the energy barrier between T and C phases)

to the composition. The energy barriers of the samples are mainly for the samples with similar phase compositions. The phenom-

inuenced by T C T3=2 (T is the measurement temperature). enon that the d33 value is strongly inuenced by the energy

Therefore, the energy barriers (Eb) of the samples are proportional barrier between T and C phases indicates that the piezoelectric

to T C T at temperature T. response is closely related to the TC phase transition. And

The variation of d33 values with T C T (T 300 K in the this result implies that the R-T phase transition and Tin-plane-

present study) is shown in Fig. 4b. It can be found that the d33 Tout-plane domain reorientation may take place through R-C-T

values of the line A, line B and line C samples decrease with the phase transition and Tin-plane-C-Tout-plane phase transition,

increase of T C T, respectively. This result suggests that the d33 respectively.

W. Wang et al. / Ceramics International 40 (2014) 1490714912 14911

When the energy barriers are small, the d33 values of the line B the composition containing more R phases near the MPB

and line C samples are larger than those of the line A samples. region.

This result could be explained as follows:

The piezoelectric effect of ferroelectrics is the response property

under stress, and the larger the polarization change under stress, Acknowledgements

the higher the piezoelectric coefcient [21]. Two paths can lead to

This research was nancially supported by the National

high piezoelectric coefcient of the ferroelectric ceramics in the

Natural Science Foundation of China (no. 11272102).

vicinity of MPB [2224], one is the polarization rotation of low

symmetry phase, and the other is polarization direction change

caused by phase transition. The polarization direction changes References

under stress in the present system include two ways. On one

hand, the polarization change is from PR (with the polarization [1] D. Damjanovic, N. Klein, J.I.N. Li, V. Porokhonskyy, What can be

direction of the pseudo-cubic (1 1 1) direction) to PT (with the expected from lead-free piezoelectric materials?, Funct. Mater. Lett. 03

polarization direction of the pseudo-cubic (0 0 1) direction) when (2010) 513.

[2] P.K. Panda, Review: environmental friendly lead-free piezoelectric

the R-T phase transition happens. On the other hand, the materials, J. Mater. Sci. 44 (2009) 50495062.

polarization change is from PTx to PTz when the Tin-plane-Tout- [3] J. Rdel, W. Jo, K.T.P. Seifert, E.-M. Anton, T. Granzow,

plane domain reorientation happens. The two type changes in D. Damjanovic, Perspective on the development of lead-free piezo-

polarization above lead to the large piezoelectric response in this ceramics, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92 (2009) 11531177.

[4] W. Liu, X. Ren, Large piezoelectric effect in Pb-free ceramics, Phys. Rev.

system [2224].

Lett. 103 (2009).

As shown in Fig. 4c, the P of the Tin-plane-Tout-plane domain [5] J. Gao, D. Xue, Y. Wang, D. Wang, L. Zhang, H. Wu, S. Guo, H. Bao,

reorientation is larger than that of the R-T phase transition. C. Zhou, W. Liu, S. Hou, G. Xiao, X. Ren, Microstructure basis for

Therefore, the domain reorientation of T phases contributes more to strong piezoelectricity in Pb-free Ba(Zr0.2Ti0.8)O3(Ba0.7Ca0.3)TiO3 cera-

the piezoelectric response than the R-T phase transition. When Eb mics, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99 (2011) 092901.

is small enough the two phase transformations are easy, P is the [6] G. Kang, K. Yao, J. Wang, C. Randall, 1x)Ba(Zr0.2Ti0.8)O3x

(Ba0.7Ca0.3)TiO3 ferroelectric thin lms prepared from chemical solu-

main determinant factor for the d33 value rather than Eb. But the tions, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 95 (2012) 986991.

two phase transformations become more difcult to take place [7] S. Su, R. Zuo, S. Lu, Z. Xu, X. Wang, L. Li, Poling dependence and

when the energy barrier becomes larger; then the d33 value stability of piezoelectric properties of Ba(Zr0.2Ti0.8)O3(Ba0.7Ca0.3)TiO3

decrease. And as shown in Fig. 4b, the d33 values of the line B ceramics with huge piezoelectric coefcients, Curr. Appl. Phys. 11 (2011)

and line C samples decrease dramatically with the increase of Eb, S120S123.

[8] D. Xue, Y. Zhou, H. Bao, C. Zhou, J. Gao, X. Ren, Elastic, piezoelectric,

while those of the line A samples decrease slowly. This phenom- and dielectric properties of Ba(Zr0.2Ti0.8)O350(Ba0.7Ca0.3)TiO3 Pb-free

enon indicates that when the energy barrier is large, the R-T ceramic at the morphotropic phase boundary, J. Appl. Phys. 109 (2011)

phase transition is much easier to take place than the Tin-plane-Tout- 054110.

plane domain reorientation and the Eb value is the main determinant

[9] A. Bjo rnetun Haugen, J.S. Forrester, D. Damjanovic, B. Li,

factor of the d33 value rather than P. K.J. Bowman, J.L. Jones, Structure and phase transitions in 0.5

(Ba0.7Ca0.3TiO3)0.5(BaZr0.2Ti0.8O3) from 100 1C to 150 1C, J. Appl.

In summary, the d33 values are decided by both the energy Phys. 113 (2013) 014103.

barrier between T and C phases and the polarization intensity [10] D. Xue, Y. Zhou, H. Bao, C. Zhou, J. Gao, X. Ren, Elastic, piezoelectric,

changes of the phase transitions for the BTBZCT system. When and dielectric properties of Ba(Zr0.2Ti0.8)O350(Ba0.7Ca0.3)TiO3 Pb-free

Eb is small enough and both of the two phase transitions are easy ceramic at the morphotropic phase boundary, J. Appl. Phys. 109 (5)

to take place, P is the main determinant factor of the d33 value. (2011) 054110.

[11] D. Damjanovic, A. Biancoli, L. Batooli, A. Vahabzadeh, J. Trodahl,

Elastic, dielectric, and piezoelectric anomalies and Raman spectroscopy

4. Conclusions of 0.5Ba(Ti0.8Zr0.2)O30.5(Ba0.7Ca0.3)TiO3, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100 (2012)

192907.

The phase diagram of the BTBZCT ternary system with [12] M.C. Ehmke, S.N. Ehrlich, J.E. Blendell, K.J. Bowman, Phase coex-

istence and ferroelastic texture in high strain (1 x)Ba(Zr0.2Ti0.8)O3 x

compositions near the MPB has been given in this paper. The

(Ba0.7Ca0.3)TiO3 piezoceramics, J. Appl. Phys. 111 (2012) 124110.

relationship between the piezoelectric response and energy [13] M.C. Ehmke, J. Daniels, J. Glaum, M. Hoffman, J.E. Blendell,

barrier (between T and C phases) has been studied. The K.J. Bowman, Reduction of the piezoelectric performance in lead-free

experimental results indicate that the piezoelectric response is (1x)Ba(Zr0.2Ti0.8)O3 x(Ba0.7Ca0.3)TiO3 piezoceramics under uniaxial

proportional to energy barriers between T and C phases for the compressive stress, J. Appl. Phys. 112 (2012) 114108.

samples with the same phase composition. When Eb is small [14] V.R. E, A. Mahajan, M.P.F. Graa, S.K. Mendiratta, J.M. Monteiro,

M.A. Valente, Structure and ferroelectric studies of (Ba0.85Ca0.15)

enough, all phase transitions of this system are easy, P is the (Ti0.9Zr0.1)O3 piezoelectric ceramics, Mater. Res. Bull. 48 (10) (2013)

main determinant factor of the huge d33 value, but when it 43954401.

becomes larger, Eb is the main determinant factor of the huge [15] G. Singh, I. Bhaumik, S. Ganesamoorthy, R. Bhatt, A.K. Karnal,

d33 value rather than P. Furthermore, according to the phase V.S. Tiwari, P.K. Gupta, Electrocaloric effect in 0.45BaZr0.2Ti0.8O3

diagram, the TC of the composition containing more T phase is 0.55Ba0.7Ca0.3TiO3 single crystal, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102 (8) (2013)

082902.

higher than the TC of the composition containing more R [16] J.P. Praveen, K. Kumar, A.R. James, T. Karthik, S. Asthana, D. Das,

phase. And these results suggest that the composition contain- Large piezoelectric strain observed in solgel derived BZTBCT

ing more T phase may have a larger d33 and a higher TC than ceramics, Curr. Appl. Phys. 14 (3) (2014) 396402.

14912 W. Wang et al. / Ceramics International 40 (2014) 1490714912

[17] G. Hu, B. Xu, X. Yan, J. Li, F. Gao, Z. Liu, Y. Zhang, H. Sun, [21] D. Damjanovic, Ferroelectric, dielectric and piezoelectric properties of

Fabrication and electrical properties of textured Ba(Zr0.2Ti0.8)O3 ferroelectric thin lms and ceramics, Rep. Prog. Phys. 61 (1998)

(Ba0.7Ca0.3)TiO3 ceramics using plate-like BaTiO3 particles as templates, 12671324.

J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. (2014). [22] J. Rdel, W. Jo, K.T.P. Seifert, E.-M. Anton, T. Granzow,

[18] W. Wang, W.L. Li, D. Xu, W.P. Cao, Y.F. Hou, W.D. Fei, Phase D. Damjanovic, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92 (2009) 11531177.

transitions in (1 x)BaZr0.2Ti0.8O3xBa0.7Ca0.3TiO3 powders and cera- [23] D. Liu, J. Li, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83 (2003) 1193.

mic pellets, Ceram. Int. 40 (2014) 39333937. [24] R. Ahluwalia, T. Lookman, A. Saxena, W. Cao, Phys. Rev. B: Condens.

[19] A.F. Devonshire, XCVI. Theory of barium titanate, Philos. Mag. 40 (309) Matter 72 (2005) 014112.

(1949) 10401067.

[20] A.F. Devonshire, CIX. Theory of barium titanatePart II, Philos. Mag.

42 (333) (1951) 10651079.

- t 000160 Piezoelectric Energy SourceUploaded bySuresh Kalvakota
- BinaryUploaded byAnand Patel
- Chapter 4Uploaded bysusierika
- Solubility of CO2 in WaterUploaded byMTOL
- PI Ultrasound Piezo Elements MedicalUploaded byRica Mikaela Cruz
- SemisolidUploaded bypmily
- Chpt 06 Piezoelectric MaterialsUploaded byjandtmiller8057
- AFM TheoryPracticeApplications TEXTUploaded bysoundrapandian
- 01_RP_QAUploaded byMohammad Shahid
- piezoelectricity finalUploaded byapi-206080432
- T_Mag_Vs_PiezoUploaded bycatalin_ionutpopescu
- Two Phase Flow RegimeUploaded byLazaro Hernandez Gallegos
- arduino s2Uploaded byapi-115728880
- lec33Uploaded bytouqeer anwar
- New Microsoft PowerPoint Presentation [Repaired]Uploaded byਰਮਨਦੀਪ ਸਿੰਘ
- DNF;DFUploaded bydsureshcivil
- B. Kalisky et al- Magneto-Optical Investigation of the Vortex Order-Disorder Phase Transition in BSCCOUploaded byKoldde
- Paper Marinkovic Koser APLUploaded bySupatmono NAI
- Powell_1978.pdfUploaded bydeenanancyglam20
- Triple Point of T-Butanol ExperimentUploaded bymichaelheynen
- standard 3 pp student notes - matter and changeUploaded byapi-236389111
- 1-CHA 3-PROPERTIES OF PURE SUBSTANCES LECTURE Revision.pdfUploaded byWilliam Salazar
- 248-459-1-PBUploaded bygggggg82
- Phase Rule From RutsteinUploaded byHendri
- Reservoir Fluid PropertiesUploaded byAhmed Bubaker
- je025599sUploaded bySingh Anuj
- PhysRevB.79.184110Uploaded bykalumamu
- supp1Uploaded byPromise Sango
- graphene journalUploaded bymuse
- Chilled AmmoniaUploaded bynedian_2006

- Caracterisation de CeramiqueUploaded byAmin Zaoui
- 3-s2.0-B9780123854698000253-mainUploaded byAmin Zaoui
- 1.4709404Uploaded byAmin Zaoui
- LiaisonsUploaded byMourad Hadhri
- 0f31752f3708b38da1000000Uploaded byAmin Zaoui
- 1-s2.0-S0925838816322101-mainUploaded byAmin Zaoui
- 1-s2.0-S0955221914005512-main-2.pdfUploaded byAmin Zaoui
- 1-s2.0-S1359646210006901-main.pdfUploaded byAmin Zaoui
- 1-s2.0-S027288421300984X-mainUploaded byAmin Zaoui
- 1-s2.0-S0925838812000047-mainUploaded byAmin Zaoui
- 1403.7981 (1)Uploaded byAmin Zaoui
- 10.1007@s10854-015-3631-xUploaded byAmin Zaoui
- 1-s2.0-S2352847815300058-mainUploaded byAmin Zaoui
- 1-s2.0-S027288421500680X-main-2Uploaded byAmin Zaoui
- 1-s2.0-S027288421500680X-main-2Uploaded byAmin Zaoui
- 1-s2.0-S0925838812014132-mainUploaded byAmin Zaoui
- 10.0000@Www.scirp.org@Generic A2B555EF828FUploaded byAmin Zaoui
- 10.1007@978-3-319-27756-15Uploaded byAmin Zaoui
- 10.0000@www.mdpi.com@generic-61013C667490Uploaded byAmin Zaoui
- A Frame Work for Image ProcessingUploaded byAmin Zaoui
- 10.1023@A@1009922906146Uploaded byAmin Zaoui
- 1-s2.0-S2468217916301708-mainUploaded byAmin Zaoui
- 1-s2.0-S0272884214007214-mainUploaded byAmin Zaoui
- 1-s2.0-S0272884214007214-mainUploaded byAmin Zaoui
- 0a85e53ac7a10e9840000000Uploaded byAmin Zaoui
- 10.1007@s10853-015-9170-2Uploaded byAmin Zaoui
- 1-s2.0-S1002072114604312-main.pdfUploaded byAmin Zaoui
- 1-s2.0-S135964541400425X-mainUploaded byAmin Zaoui
- (Ba,Ca)(Zr,Ti)O3 lead-free piezoelectric ceramics?The critical role of processing on properties.pdfUploaded byAmin Zaoui
- 10.0000@www.researchgate.net@279964828Uploaded byAmin Zaoui

- ars-5-1-2007Uploaded byJagroopSinghBalhra
- Sizing HX in Aspen PlusUploaded byKarthik Rajesh
- bell 212Uploaded byJuan Pablo Arias
- ARN Report 0619Uploaded byreagandr
- Hydro de AlkylationUploaded byanon_429955241
- 2016-Catalog Keene Engineering.pdfUploaded byZuwairi Nawawi
- World War II and the V-1710Uploaded by117kitchener
- BlazeCut Product CatalogUploaded bybalimedo
- RespirationUploaded byNorhidayah Ismail
- How to Select a Pressure GaugeUploaded bysandystays
- ELM-ABB.pdfUploaded bysteam100deg8229
- WAR Overview Maps 1Uploaded byFauquier Now
- Camden CM-9600 Data SheetUploaded byJMAC Supply
- DscUploaded byjutika
- Chapter 6.pptUploaded byAlwin James
- SEPAM x20_B519Uploaded byarisgokil1993
- Distillation presentationUploaded byTalal Ashraf
- Indian Oil Corporation LimitedUploaded byAnu Jindal
- Problems on Radioactive DecayUploaded byHarish
- 3440554_THP_eng_Thermography_e.pdfUploaded byIvana Kostić
- Lab 6Uploaded byAndrew Mowry
- QCS 2010Uploaded byneerajpravi123
- Mmsm1 Handout PlasticityUploaded byhezihilik
- WJ_1980_08_s226.pdfUploaded byaltieri1
- Evolution Book - Articles from Wikipedia e & Fr Vol 1 Foundations 121210Uploaded bytariqamin5978
- APPSC AEE Exam New Syllabus for General Studies (Paper I) and Civil Engineering Subjects (i.e.paper II and Paper III) From 2016 OnwardsUploaded byCharan Reddy
- Answer DesignUploaded bywdfhbfs
- Source change-over systemsUploaded byYesenia Butler
- Solar - Capital Subsidy SchemeUploaded byNeel Vora
- 7540_02_que_20070129Uploaded byshahidqavi