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# "FRAME" --- PORTAL AND GABLE RIGID PLANE FRAME ANALYSIS

Program Description:

"FRAME" is a spreadsheet program written in MS-Excel for the purpose of plane frame analysis of por
rigid plane frames subjected to various types of loading. Specifically, the "stiffness matrix" method o
used to determine the unknown joint displacements, support reactions, and member end forces. Ind
members are also analyzed to determine the shears and intermediate moments. Plots of both the sh
moment diagrams are also produced. Also, the frame is drawn for visual confimation of geometry/co
Note: this is a metric units version, converted from the original "FRAME.xls" spreadsheet workbook.
This program is a workbook consisting of three (3) worksheets, described as follows:

## Worksheet Name Description

Doc This documentation sheet
Portal Frame Portal rigid plane frame analysis
Gable Frame Gable rigid plane frame analysis

## Program Assumptions and Limitations:

1. This program uses the "stiffness matrix" method of analysis and four (4) following basic analysis a
a. Members must be of constant cross section (E and I are constant for entire length).
b. Deflections must not significantly alter the geometry of the problem.
c. Stress must remain within the "elastic" region.
d. Since this analysis is "first-order", the effects of "P-D", "P-d", and shear deformation are not
(See below for the iterative, manual procedure to approximate the P-D effects in columns of
(Significant effects due to shear deformation are limited to very short and deep members.)
2. Additional assumptions and features are as follows:
a. Frame support joints may each be either fixed or pinned.
b. Frame support joints may be at different levels (elevations).
c. Columns must be vertical (cannot be sloped).
c. For a portal frame, the top (roof) member may be flat or sloped in either direction.
3. A vertical load, horizontal load, and externally moment may be applied to any of the joints of the
joint loads are to be applied in "global" axes directions. Note: Joint loads applied directly at suppo
added directly to support reactions and are not reflected in member end force values.
4. On any individual member, this program will handle up to five (5) full uniform, partial uniform, tri
trapezoidal loads, up to ten (10) point loads, and up to four (4) externally applied moments. For v
distributed loads and point loads are input in a "X-Global" sence of direction. For flat or sloped to
members, distributed loads may be applied global over actual member length or applied global o
"projected" member length. Program designations are "Y-Global", "Y-Projected", "X-Global", and "
For a flat top (roof) member of a portal frame, "Y-Global" and "Y-Projected" loads produce the sam
Uniformly distributed gravity (dead or live) load would be an example of a "Y-Global" distributed l
top (roof) member, while lateral uniformly distributed wind load on sloped top (roof) member wou
example of an "X-Projected" distributed load. A uniformly distributed load such as wind suction p
(normal) to a sloped top (roof) member must be resolved into Y-Global and X-Global component v
5. This program will calculate the member end reactions, the member end forces (axial, shear, and
the member maximum positive and negative moments (if applicable), and the joint displacement
The calculated values for the maximum moments are determined from dividing the member into
equal segments with fifty-one (51) points, and including all of the point load and applied moment
well. (Note: the actual point of maximum moment occurs where the shear = 0, or passes through
6. The user is also given the ability to select an AISC W, S, C, MC, or HSS (rectangular tube) shape to
obtaining the required moment of inertia for input. (This facility is located off to the right of the m
7. This program contains numerous comment boxes which contain a wide variety of information in
explanations of input or output items, equations used, data tables, etc. (Note: presence of a co
is denoted by a red triangle in the upper right-hand corner of a cell. Merely move the mouse po
desired cell to view the contents of that particular "comment box".)

## 1. Identifiy members and joints in frame

2. Specify near (start) joint and far (end) joint for each member in frame
3. Establish global coordinate system
4. Calculate fixed-end moments (FEM's) and shears for each member due to applied membe
5. Specify x, y, and z coding components (3 in all) at each joint as follows:
a. Use lowest numbers to identify unknown joint displacements (for partioning overall ma
b. Use remaining numbers to indentify known displacements
6. From the problem, establish the known displacements, Dk, and known external forces and
7. Determine 6x6 stiffness matrix, k', for each of the member expressed in global coordinate
As an example, a member numbered with 1,2, and 3 at start and 4,5, and 6 at end wou
1 2 3 4 5 6
A B -C -A -B -C 1
B D E -B -D E 2
-C E F C -E G 3
-A -B C A B C 4
-B -D -E B D -E 5
-C E G C -E F 6
where: A = A*E/L*lx^2+12*E*I/L^3*ly^2 Note: lx and ly are the "direction cosine
B = (A*E/L-12*E*I/L^3)*lx*ly lx = (xj-xi)/L and ly = (yj-yi)/L
C = 6*E*I/L^2*ly (xi,yi) = joint start coordinates
D = A*E/L*ly^2+12*E*I/L^3*lx^2 (xj,yj) = joint end coordinates
E = 6*E*I/L^2*lx L = SQRT((xj-xi)^2+(yj-yi)^2)
F = 4*E*I/L
G = 2*E*I/L
8. Merge individual member stiffness matrices into stiffness matrix, K, for entire frame
9. Partition the structure stiffness matrix, K, as follows:
End Forces Vector Partitioned Stiff. Matrix, K Displacements Vector
Qk = K11 K12 * Du
Qu K21 K22 Dk
Expansion tQk = K11 * Du + K12 * Dk (Eqn. 1)
Qu = K21 * Du + K22 * Dk (Eqn. 2)
where: Qk and Dk = known external loads and displacements (
Qu and Du = unknown support reactions and displacem
K11, K12, K21, K22 = submatrices of partitioned stiffne
10. Solve for unknown displacements, Du, from Equation 1:
Du = (Qk - K12 * Dk) / K11 = Qk / K11
11. With the solved displacements, solve for unknown support reactions, Qu, from Equation 2
Qu = K21 * Du + K22 * Dk = K21 * Du
12. Solve for internal member end forces from: q = k' * T * D
where: T = 6x6 displacement transformation matrix as follows for each member:
lx ly 0 0 0 0
-ly lx 0 0 0 0
0 0 1 0 0 0
0 0 0 lx ly 0
0 0 0 -ly lx 0
0 0 0 0 0 1
and k' is the member stiffness matrix (from above), and D is the displacements vector
13. Superimpose member fixed-end moments (FEM's) and shears with the frame analysis end
final member end forces

Reference: "Structural Analysis" - by Russel C. Hibbeler, Macmillan Publishing Company (1985), pag

Formulas Used to Determine FEM's and Shear and Moment in Individual Frame Members

## For Uniform or Distributed Loads:

Loading functions for each uniform or distributed load evaluated at distance x = L from left end of me
FvL = -wb*(L-b-(L-e)) + -1/2*(we-wb)/(e-b)*((L-b)^2-(L-e)^2)+(we-wb)*(L-e)
FmL = -wb/2*((L-b)^2-(L-e)^2) + -1/6*(we-wb)/(e-b)*((L-b)^3-(L-e)^3)+(we-wb)/2*(L-e)^2
FqL = -wb/(6*E*I)*((L-b)^3-(L-e)^3) + -1/(24*E*I)*(we-wb)/(e-b)*((L-b)^4-(L-e)^4)+(we-wb)/(6*E
FDL = -wb/(24*E*I)*((L-b)^4-(L-e)^4) + -1/(120*E*I)*(we-wb)/(e-b)*((L-b)^5-(L-e)^5)+(we-wb)/(2

Loading functions for each uniform or distributed load evaluated at distance = x from left end of mem
If x >= e:
Fvx = -wb*(x-b-(x-e)) + -1/2*(we-wb)/(e-b)*((x-b)^2-(x-e)^2)+(we-wb)*(x-e)
Fmx = -wb/2*((x-b)^2-(x-e)^2) + -1/6*(we-wb)/(e-b)*((x-b)^3-(x-e)^3)+(we-wb)/2*(x-e)^2
Fqx = -wb/(6*E*I)*((x-b)^3-(x-e)^3) + -1/(24*E*I)*(we-wb)/(e-b)*((x-b)^4-(x-e)^4)+(we-wb)/(6*
FDx = -wb/(24*E*I)*((x-b)^4-(x-e)^4) + -1/(120*E*I)*(we-wb)/(e-b)*((x-b)^5-(x-e)^5)+(we-wb)/(
else if x >= b:
Fvx = -wb*(x-b) + -1/2*(we-wb)/(e-b)*(x-b)^2 else: Fvx =
Fmx = -wb/2*(x-b)^2 + -1/6*(we-wb)/(e-b)*(x-b)^3-(x-e)^3 else: Fmx =
Fqx = -wb/(6*E*I)*(x-b)^3 + -1/(24*E*I)*(we-wb)/(e-b)*(x-b)^4 else: Fqx =
FDx = -wb/(24*E*I)*(x-b)^4 + -1/(120*E*I)*(we-wb)/(e-b)*(x-b) else: FDx =

Loading functions for each point load evaluated at distance x = L from left end of member:
FvL = -P
FmL = -P*(L-a)
FqL = -P*(L-a)^2/(2*E*I)
FDL = P*(L-a)^3/(6*E*I)

If x > a:
Fvx = -P else: Fvx =
Fmx = -P*(x-a) else: Fmx =
Fqx = -P*(x-a)^2/(2*E*I) else: Fqx =
FDx = P*(x-a)^3/(6*E*I) else: FDx =

## For Applied Moments:

Loading functions for each applied moment evaluated at distance x = L from left end of member:
FvL = 0
FmL = -M
FqL = -M*(L-c)/(E*I)
FDL = M*(L-c)^2/(2*E*I)

Loading functions for each applied moment evaluated at distance = x from left end of member:
If x >= c:
Fvx = 0 else: Fvx =
Fmx = -M else: Fmx =
Fqx = -M*(x-c)/(E*I) else: Fqx =
FDx = M*(x-c)^2/(2*E*I) else: FDx =

Formulas Used to Determine FEM's and Shear and Moment in Individual Frame Members (continued)

Initial summation values at left end (x = 0) for shear, moment, slope, and deflection:

## Fixed beam(for determining FEM's in frame members)

Vo = -12*E*I/L^3*S(FDL)-6*E*I/L^2*S(FqL)
Mo = 6*E*I/L^2*S(FDL)+2*E*I/L*S(FqL)
qo = 0
Do = 0

Simple beam:
Vo = -1/L*S(FmL)
Mo = 0
qo = 1/L*S(FDL)+L/(6*E*I)*S(FmL)
Do = 0

Summations of shear, moment, slope, and deflection at distance = x from left end of member:

Shear: Vx = Vo+S(Fvx)
Moment: Mx = Mo+Vo*x+S(Fmx)
Slope: qx = qo+Mo*x/(E*I)+Vo*x^2/(2*E*I)+S(Fqx)
Deflection: Dx = -(Do-qo*x-Mo*x^2/(2*E*I)-Vo*x^3/(6*E*I)+S(FDx)

## Reference: "Modern Formulas for Statics and Dynamics, A Stress-and-Strain Approach"

by Walter D. Pilkey and Pin Yu Chang, McGraw-Hill Book Company (1978)

## Individual Member (Column) Entire Frame

The effect of P-D produces a secondary (second order) moment in a member which is equal to the ax
force in the member times the frame displacement of the member. This is commonly referred to as P
Long, slender columns of a frame are typically the frame members most sensitive to the effects of P-

## Determining secondary shears:

Setting the P-D secondary moment equal to the moment (couple) due to secondary shears applied at
ends of the column, produces the following expression:
P*D=V*L

## Then, solving for the secondary shears, V, results in the following:

V=P*D/L

The steps to account for the effects of P-D in the columns of a frame are as follows:
1. Solve the problem for the original applied loads.
2. Calculate the secondary shears for each column.
3. Add (superimpose) the secondary shears to the original loads and re-calculate the results.
4. Compare the new displacements of the latest results to the results obtained from the previous calc
5. If the new displacements vary only very small amount (convergence tolerance) from the previous d
then the solution has converged.
6. If not, then return to Step 2, repeating (iterating) the process as required.

Notes: 1. Compression in a column will result in P-D tending to de-stabilize the column by increas
moment, while tension in a column will result in P-D tending to stabilize (straighten) the
reducing the moment. (See illustration above at right.)
2. P-D effects can be reduced and controlled by using heavier members and/or a stiffer fra
3. P-d refers to the effects of the axial load in a member subject to deflection (curvature)
This is commonly referred to as P-"Little" d, and is not addressed by procedure above.
rame analysis of portal and gable
ess matrix" method of analysis is
mber end forces. Individual frame
Plots of both the shear and
ation of geometry/configuration.

tire length).

## deformation are not included.

effects in columns of a frame.)
nd deep members.)

r direction.
y of the joints of the frame. These
plied directly at supports are merely

## m, partial uniform, triangular, or

plied moments. For vertical members,
For flat or sloped top (roof)
h or applied global over the
ed", "X-Global", and "X-Projected".
-Global" distributed load on a sloped
p (roof) member would be an
ch as wind suction perpendicular
-Global component values by user.
es (axial, shear, and moment),
he joint displacements.
ng the member into fifty (50)
and applied moment locations as
0, or passes through zero.)
ngular tube) shape to aide in
ff to the right of the main page.)
ety of information including
e: presence of a comment box
y move the mouse pointer to the

## n external forces and reactions, Qk

d in global coordinates
,5, and 6 at end would be:

## the "direction cosines"

and ly = (yj-yi)/L
t start coordinates
t end coordinates
-xi)^2+(yj-yi)^2)

or entire frame
and displacements (typ. Dk = 0, all)
ctions and displacements
of partitioned stiffness matrix, K

where: Dk = 0, all
Qu, from Equation 2
where: Dk = 0, all

ch member:

acements vector
e frame analysis end forces to get

## L from left end of member:

-wb)/2*(L-e)^2
-e)^4)+(we-wb)/(6*E*I)*(L-e)^3
-(L-e)^5)+(we-wb)/(24*E*I)*(L-e)^4

## from left end of member:

-wb)/2*(x-e)^2
x-e)^4)+(we-wb)/(6*E*I)*(x-e)^3
-(x-e)^5)+(we-wb)/(24*E*I)*(x-e)^4

0
0
0
0

f member:

0
0
0
0

end of member:

nd of member:

0
0
0
0

(continued)

embers (continued)
nd of member:

## ch is equal to the axial

monly referred to as P-"Big" D.
e to the effects of P-D.

## ary shears applied at the

the results.
om the previous calculation.
e) from the previous displacements,

## he column by increasing the

bilize (straighten) the column by

## ers and/or a stiffer frame.

eflection (curvature) between its ends.
y procedure above.
PORTAL RIGID PLANE FRAME ANALYSIS
For Fixed or Pinned Bases
(Metric Units)
Job Name:
Job Number:

Input Data:

Joint Coordinates:

## Joint No. x (m) y (m)

1 0 0
2 0 3.9624
3 7.9248 4.572
4 7.9248 0

Support Constraints:

1 Fixed
4 Fixed

## Member No. E (MPa) A (cm^2) I (cm^4) L (m) lx

1 199948 129.03 30051.91 3.9624 0
2 199948 76.13 25473.36 7.948212 0.997054
3 199948 129.03 30051.91 4.572 0

## Joint No. Px (kN) Py (kN) Mz (kN-m)

1
2 14.45672
3
4

No. Load Directb/L wb (kN/m) e/L we (kN/m) b/L
1 X-Global
2 Y-Global 0 -14.5939 1 -14.5939
2 X-Projected
3 X-Global

Subject:
Originator: Checker:

Y (kips) (kips)
0 0
0 0

(kips) (kips)
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
X 0 0

## Portal Frame Nomenclature

ly c/L (kips)
1 e/L 0
0.076696 b/L 0
1 a/L 0
P M we 0
wb 0
0
x or y L

(in.)
Note: Point loads or moments at member 0
ends must be input as joint loads. 0
0
0

wb (kN/m) e/L we (kN/m) b/L wb (kN/m) e/L we (kN/m) b/L
Results:

Support Reactions:

0 1 0 0 0
0 4 0 0 0

## Member End Forces:

(ft-kips) Member NoJoint No. Axial (kN) Shear (kN) Moment (kN-m)
0 1 1 0 0 0
0 2 0 0 0
0 2 2 0 0 0
0 3 0 0 0
0 3 4 0 0 0
0 3 0 0 0

## (ft.) Member No+M or -M M (kN-m) x or y (m)

0 1 +M(max) 0 0
0 -M(max) 0 0
0 2 +M(max) 0 0
0 -M(max) 0 0
0 3 +M(max) 0 0
0 -M(max) 0 0

Joint Displacements:

## (in.) Joint No. Dx (mm) Dy (mm) qz (rad.) (deg.)

0 1 0 0 0 0
0 2 0 0 0 0
0 3 0 0 0 0
0 4 0 0 0 0

wb (kN/m) e/L we (kN/m) b/L wb (kN/m) e/L we (kN/m)
CALCULATIONS:

## Member Direction Cosines:

Member Nolx ly
1 0 1
2 0.997054 0.076696
3 0 1

b (ft.) wb (k/ft.) e (ft.) we (k/ft.) b (ft.)
1 (X) 0 0 0 0 0
2 (Y) 0 0.997058 26.07673 0.997058 0
2 (Axial) 0 0.076697 26.07673 0.076697 0
2 (X) 0 0 0 0 0
2 (Axial) 0 0 0 0 0
3 (X) 0 0 0 0 0

a (ft.) P (kips) a (ft.) P (kips) a (ft.)
1 (X) 0 0 0 0 0
2 (Y) 0 0 0 0 0
2 (Axial) 0 0 0 0 0
2 (X) 0 0 0 0 0
2 (Axial) 0 0 0 0 0
3 (X) 0 0 0 0 0

Applied Moments:

## Member NoMoment #1 Moment #2 Moment #3

c (ft.) M (ft-kips) c (ft.) M (ft-kips) c (ft.)
1 1.00E-009 0 1.00E-009 0 1.00E-009
2 1.00E-009 0 1.00E-009 0 1.00E-009
3 1.00E-009 0 1.00E-009 0 1.00E-009

## Determine Fixed End Moments for Members:

Points: FvL FmL FqL FDL Fvx Fmx
Member #1(
--- --- --- --- --- ---
Member #1(
--- --- --- --- --- ---
Member #2( -26 -338.9976 -0.000166 0.001082 0 0
Fixed
Pinned
X-Global
X-Projected
Y-Global
Y-Projected

wb (k/ft.) e (ft.) we (k/ft.) b (ft.) wb (k/ft.) e (ft.) we (k/ft.) b (ft.)
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

P (kips) a (ft.) P (kips) a (ft.) P (kips) a (ft.) P (kips) a (ft.)
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Moment #3 Moment #4
M (ft-kips) c (ft.) M (ft-kips)
0 1.00E-009 0
0 1.00E-009 0
0 1.00E-009 0
Fqx FDx FvL FmL FqL FDL Fvx Fmx
--- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
--- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
0 0 --- --- --- --- --- ---
wb (k/ft.) e (ft.) we (k/ft.) b (ft.) wb (k/ft.) e (ft.) we (k/ft.)
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0

P (kips) a (ft.) P (kips) a (ft.) P (kips) a (ft.) P (kips)
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fqx FDx FvL FmL FqL FDL Fvx Fmx
--- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
--- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
--- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
Fqx FDx FvL FmL FqL FDL Fvx Fmx
--- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
--- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
--- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
Fqx FDx FvL FmL FqL FDL Fvx Fmx
--- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
--- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
--- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
Fqx FDx FvL FmL FqL FDL Fvx Fmx
--- --- 0 0 0 0 0 0
--- --- 0 0 0 0 0 0
--- --- 0 0 0 0 0 0
For All 4 Applied Moments
Fqx FDx FvL FmL FqL FDL Fvx Fmx
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fqx FDx SFvL SFmL SFqL SFDL SFvx SFmx
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0
Initial Beam Parameters at Left End Member Fixed End
Functions Evaluated at x with Loading Functions Evaluated at x = L End Reacti Moments
SFqx SFDx Vo Mo qo Do (kips) (ft-kips)
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dist. From Left
End of Member
x (ft.) Points:
0 Member #1 FEM(L):
12.99996 Member #1 FEM(R):
AISC ShapeA (in.^2) Ix (in.^4) Iy (in.^4) A (cm^2) Ix (cm^4)
W44x335 98.3 31100 1200 634.1923 1294480
W44x290 85.8 27100 1050 553.5473 1127987
W44x285 83.8 24600 490 540.6441 1023929
W44x262 77.2 24200 927 498.0635 1007280
W44x248 72.8 21400 435 469.6765 890735.3
W44x230 67.7 20800 796 436.7733 865761.4
W44x224 65.8 19200 391 424.5153 799164.3
W44x198 58 16700 336 374.1928 695106.5
W40x655 192 56500 2860 1238.707 2351708
W40x593 174 50400 2520 1122.578 2097806
W40x531 156 44300 2200 1006.45 1843905
W40x503 148 41700 2050 954.8368 1735685
W40x480 140 39500 1940 903.224 1644114
W40x466 137 36300 1010 883.8692 1510920
W40x436 128 35400 1720 825.8048 1473459
W40x431 127 34800 1690 819.3532 1448485
W40x397 117 32000 1540 754.8372 1331941
W40x392 115 29900 803 741.934 1244532
W40x372 109 29600 1420 703.2244 1232045
W40x362 107 28900 1380 690.3212 1202909
W40x331 97.5 24700 644 629.031 1028092
W40x328 96.4 26800 1660 621.9342 1115500
W40x327 96 24500 640 619.3536 1019767
W40x324 95.3 25600 1220 614.8375 1065552
W40x321 94.1 25100 1190 607.0956 1044741
W40x298 87.6 24200 1490 565.1602 1007280
W40x297 87.4 23200 1090 563.8698 965656.9
W40x278 81.8 20500 521 527.7409 853274.4
W40x277 81.4 21900 1040 525.1602 911546.8
W40x268 78.8 21500 1320 508.3861 894897.6
W40x264 77.6 19400 493 500.6442 807489
W40x249 73.3 19600 926 472.9023 815813.6
W40x244 71.7 19200 1170 462.5797 799164.3
W40x235 69 17400 444 445.1604 724242.7
W40x221 64.8 16600 988 418.0637 690944.2
W40x215 63.4 16700 796 409.0314 695106.5
W40x211 62 15500 390 399.9992 645158.7
W40x199 58.5 14900 695 377.4186 620184.8
W40x192 56.5 13500 770 364.5154 561912.4
W40x183 53.8 13300 336 347.0961 553587.8
W40x174 51.1 12200 541 329.6768 507802.3
W40x167 49.2 11600 283 317.4187 482828.5
W40x149 43.8 9800 229 282.5801 407906.8
W36x848 249 67400 4550 1606.448 2805400
W36x798 235 62600 4200 1516.126 2605609
Version 1.1

Iy (cm^4)
49947.77
43704.3 Caution: Do not use "Space Bar" to clear contents of
38584.65 cells which are to be cleared and click on the
18106.07 Right Mouse Button and select "Clear Contents".
33132.02
16274.65
13985.38
119042.2
104890.3
91570.91
85327.44
80748.9
42039.37
71591.81
70343.11
64099.64
33423.38
59104.86
57439.94 Steel Beam:
26805.3 Size: W14x68
69094.42 A= #N/A cm^2
26638.81 Ix = #N/A cm^4
50780.23 Iy = #N/A cm^4
49531.54
62018.48
45369.23
21685.66
43288.07
54942.55
20520.21
38543.03
48699.08
18480.68
41123.66
33132.02
16233.03
28928.08
32049.82
13985.38
22518.12
11779.35
9531.7
189385.3
174817.2
hlight" those
Convert Metric Units Input Data back to English Units:
r Contents".
Joint Coordinates:

## Joint No. x (ft.) y (ft.)

1 0 0
2 0 12.99996
3 25.99992 14.99995
4 25.99992 0

Support Constraints:

1 Fixed
4 Fixed

## Member No. E (ksi) A (in.^2) I (in.^4)

1 29000 19.99969 721.9971
2 29000 11.80017 611.9975
3 29000 19.99969 721.9971

## Joint No. Px (kips) Py (kips) Mz (ft-k)

1 0 0 0
2 3.249999 0 0
3 0 0 0
4 0 0 0

No. Load Directb/L wb (k/ft.) e/L
1 X-Global 0 0 0
2 Y-Global 0 -1 1
2 X-Projected 0 0 0
3 X-Global 0 0 0
L (ft.) lx ly
12.99996 0 1
26.07673 0.997054 0.076696
14.99995 0 1

we (k/ft.) b/L wb (k/ft.) e/L we (k/ft.) b/L wb (k/ft.) e/L
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
-1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
we (k/ft.) b/L wb (k/ft.) e/L we (k/ft.) b/L wb (k/ft.) e/L
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
we (k/ft.)
0
0
0
0