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Shielding Calculations

Dated
Approved by 110/20KV SUBSTATION TAPA AHMAD BEG, Afghanistan

Contents:

1. Notes
2. References
3. Designations and Units
Checked by

4. 110kV Side Shielding


4.1 Design Data
4.2 Calculations
4.3 Diagram
5. Control House Building Shielding
Prepared by

5.1 Design Data


5.2 Calculations
5.3 Diagram
No Description
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Checked By Project Description


110/20KV Substation Tapa Ahmad Beg, Afghanistan
Shielding Calculations
- - - - - - - -- - - - - - - Location
Afghanistan
Approved By
Client Project No. Prepared By Department Rev.
- - -- - - - - - - - - - - -
Ministry of Energy and Water Afghanistan P1402 FMC Design 0
Consultant Request No. Checked By Document No. Sheet No.
Issued By Integration Environment and Energy N/A HS P1402-EAJA 1
Contractor Contract No. Approved By Date Count
--------- -----
SAYQA Energy Supply Co. JV HK Energy N/A SRA Oct 31, 2014 9
Project Title Description Project No. Date Sheet
P1402 Oct 31, 2014 2
110/20KV Substation Tapa Ahmed Beg, Shielding Calculations
Afghanistan Document No. Rev Count
P1402-EAJA 0 9

1. Notes:

In case of Control house building, it is assumed that Is = 10kA


Project Title Description Project No. Date Sheet
P1402 Oct 31, 2014 3
110/20KV Substation Tapa Ahmed Beg, Shielding Calculations
Afghanistan Document No. Rev Count
P1402-EAJA 0 9

2. References:

i. IEEE:998-1996 Guide for Direct Lightning Stroke Shielding of Substations


ii. DIN VDE 0101
Project Title Description Project No. Date Sheet
P1402 Oct 31, 2014 4
110/20KV Substation Tapa Ahmed Beg, Shielding Calculations
Afghanistan Document No. Rev Count
P1402-EAJA 0 9

3. Designations & Units:

Description Design. Units


Tolerable lightning Surge Current Is kA

Coefficient to account for different striking distances k -

Height of Building A m

Height of shielding rod with respect to Earth (at the edge of building) P m

Height of shielding rod with respect to Earth (at the center of building roof) p m

Height of edge of control house building q m

Radius of Sphere S m

Height of Auxiliary Transformer E m

Maximum distance between the masts at the edge of building T m

Dimension of one side of triangle having masts at its corners T1 m

Dimension second side of triangle having masts at its corners T2 m

Maximum dimension third side of triangle having masts at its corners T3 m

Maximum value of radius of circle having three masts at its circumference R m

Angle subtended to chord T1 1 Radians

Angle subtended to chord T2 2 Radians

Angle subtended to chord T3 3 Radians

radius of circle (plane of sphere) at height (P) X1 m

radius of circle (plane of sphere) at height (A+q) X2 m

Radius of protected zone around the rod at a height of (A+q) (CHB) X m

Radius of protected zone around the rod at a height of E (Aux. transformer) Z m

Gantry height 110kV H m

Distance Between two shield wire parallel to equipment bay C m

Minimum distance protected by shied wire/Mast at a height of 0m Rpr0 m

Minimum distance protected by shied wire/Mast at a height of 6.7m


Rpr6.7 m
(110kV Circuit Breaker height)

Minimum distance protected by shied wire/Mast at a height of 4m


Rpr4 m
(Neutral CT of Power Transformer)

Horizontal distance from base of structure d m

Radius of Shielding curve r m

Shielding curve between two shield wires 12m apart RB/W12 m

Minimum height of protected area over 110kV Busbar RprBB m


Project Title Description Project No. Date Sheet
P1402 Oct 31, 2014 5
110/20KV Substation Tapa Ahmed Beg, Shielding Calculations
Afghanistan Document No. Rev Count
P1402-EAJA 0 9

4. 110kV Side Shielding:


Protected through running shield wire on the top of gantry columns

4.1 Design Data:


H = 11.150

C = 12.000

4.2 Calculations:

4.2.1 Due to 11.15m high Shield Wire:

= 3
d = 19.313

=2

r = 22.300

4.2.2 Minimum distance protected by Shield wire at a height of 6.7m (110kV Circuit Breaker height)

6.7 = 2 ( )2 2 ( 6.7)2
Rpr6.7 = 3.377

4.2.3 Minimum distance protected by Shield wire/Mast at a height of 0m

0 = 2 ( )2

Rpr0 = 19.313

4.2.4 Minimum distance protected by Shield wire at a height of 4m (Neutral Current Transformer height)

4 = 2 ( )2 2 ( 4)2

Rpr4 = 6.569
Project Title Description Project No. Date Sheet
P1402 Oct 31, 2014 6
110/20KV Substation Tapa Ahmed Beg, Shielding Calculations
Afghanistan Document No. Rev Count
P1402-EAJA 0 9

4.2.5 Mutual Effect of Two Wires:

RB/W12 = ( 2)

RB/W12 = 12.662

4.2.6 110kV Bus bar Protection:

RprBB = 2H - RB/W12

RprBB = 9.638

4.3 Diagram:

5. Control House Building Shielding:

Protected through fixing shielding rods (1m spikes) using Rolling Sphere Method.

5.1 Design Data:


Is = 10.000

k = 1.200

A = 4.200

q = 0.300

p = 5.200

P = 5.500

T1 = 12.00
T2 = 13.50
Project Title Description Project No. Date Sheet
P1402 Oct 31, 2014 7
110/20KV Substation Tapa Ahmed Beg, Shielding Calculations
Afghanistan Document No. Rev Count
P1402-EAJA 0 9

E = 1.300

5.2 Calculations:
= 8 0.65

S = 42.882

2 2
=2 2 ( )2 2 ( ( ))2

T = 17.401

S
S

X1 S
X2

P A+q
X

X1 = 21.011

X2 = 19.123

X = 1.888

5.2.1 Radius of Protected zone at Height E (20kV Auxiliary Transformer height)

2 2
= 2 ( )2 2 ( )2

Z = 10.532
Project Title Description Project No. Date Sheet
P1402 Oct 31, 2014 8
110/20KV Substation Tapa Ahmed Beg, Shielding Calculations
Afghanistan Document No. Rev Count
P1402-EAJA 0 9

S
S

J1 S

P-A J2
p-A

1 = 2 ( ( ))2 2 = 2 ( ( )2

= 10.479 =9.207

1 2
=
2

R=9.843

2
1 2 = 21
1 = 21 2
2

1 2
3 = 2
2
Project Title Description Project No. Date Sheet
P1402 Oct 31, 2014 9
110/20KV Substation Tapa Ahmed Beg, Shielding Calculations
Afghanistan Document No. Rev Count
P1402-EAJA 0 9

T3=19.439

5.3 Diagram:

SECTION C-C