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English Department English 10

Prepared by: Abel M. Cadias, MA-ESL


INTEGRATED TOEFL LESSON # 1
Name: ____Bhoom________________________________________________________ Score:
_____
I. Vocabulary
A. Verbs
Find out the meaning of the following underlined words:
1. They are also so docile that humans often swim with them without
concern, snapping photographs of their incredible size.
2. Commercial fishermen have known for some time that tuna, along with
many other species of fish, congregate around objects drifting on the
ocean surface.
3. Fishermen often build floating structures called FADs, or fish-aggregating
devices, to attract tuna to an area, allowing them to capitalize on this
behavior.
4. This led some fishermen to deploy nets around a whale shark to capture
tuna swimming beneath it.
5. To protect whale sharks from this harm, the Inter-American Tropical Tuna
Commission (IATTC) adopted a resolution

A Use one of the underlined verbs above in a sentence.

____One of my best friends was adopted from the orphanage._____________


I Reading
Line 1 Whale sharks are among the largest living fish in the world -- weighing up to
40,000 pounds and 40 feet in length. They are also so docile that humans often swim
with them without concern, snapping photographs of their incredible size.
Line 4 But it is exactly their enormous bulk that had an international commission
adopt restrictions protecting them from impacts associated with the international tuna
purse seine fishing in the Eastern Pacific Ocean (EPO).
Commercial fishermen have known for some time that tuna, along with many
other species of fish, congregate around objects drifting on the ocean surface.
Line 9 Fishermen often build floating structures called FADs, or fish-aggregating devices, to
attract tuna to an area, allowing them to capitalize on this behavior. Using FADs
makes the job of finding and encircling the tuna in the purse seine nets much more
efficient.
Fishermen also learned that whale sharks are so large that they naturally attract
Line 13 tuna, much like a FAD. This led some fishermen to deploy nets around a whale shark
to capture tuna swimming beneath it. In many of the cases, the encircled whale shark
was also caught in the net and injured or died.
To protect whale sharks from this harm, the Inter-American Tropical Tuna
Commission (IATTC) adopted a resolution, by consensus, in 2013 prohibiting the
Line 20 placement of a purse seine net around whale sharks and requiring the release of whale
sharks unharmed in the event that they are inadvertently encircled by a net.

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English Department English 10
Prepared by: Abel M. Cadias, MA-ESL
A. Identify what is asked for in the table below.

PROBLEM Whale sharks were caught by the fishermen net.

CAUSE Fishermen threw the net.

EFFECT Whale sharks were caught by the fishermen net which caught
them injured or died.

SOLUTION To prohibit the placement of the net.

A Highlight your answers with any color that you prefer.

1. The word docile in line 2 is closest in meaning to


a) cute
b) cruel
c) tame
d) kind
2. The word their in line 4 refers to
a) whale sharks
b) human
c) fishermen
d) tuna
1 Which of the following reasons that the author mentioned for protecting Whale
sharks?
a) They are too big
b) They are endangered species
c) They scare people
d) They eat all tuna
1 The word congregate in line 8 is closest in meaning to
a) attract
b) gather
c) separate
d) distribute
1 The floating structure that helps in catching tuna ia called
a) NADs
b) FADs
c) net
d) anchor
1 The word attract in line 12 is closest in meaning to
a) catch
b) support
c) gets attention
d) pretty
1 What does the author mention about what fishermen learned from Whale sharks?

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English Department English 10
Prepared by: Abel M. Cadias, MA-ESL
a) They eat tuna.
b) They gather tuna.
c) They attract tuna.
d) They are enormous.
1 The word deploy in line 13 is closest in meaning to
a) mobilize
b) move
c) swim
d) throw
1 Which of the following would likely be get injured or killed when fisherman catch
tuna?
a) coral
b) shark
c) whale shark
d) jellyfish
1 Which of the following statements does the passage support?
a) To protect the whale shark, IACCT made a rule to prevent fishermen from using
nets to catch tuna.
b) To protect Whale sharks from extinction, IACCT allowed fishermen to use nets in
catching tuna.
c) The IACCT helped the injured Whale sharks caught by fishermans nets by curing
them.
d) The IACCT allowed the organization to take care of Whale sharks by adopting
them.

I Structure
THAT Clause: Study the examples below:
1. They are also so docile that humans often swim with them without
concern, snapping photographs of their incredible size.
2. But it is exactly their enormous bulk that had an international commission
adopt restrictions protecting them from impacts associated with the
international tuna purse seine fishing in the Eastern Pacific Ocean (EPO).
3. Fishermen also learned that whale sharks are so large that they naturally
attract tuna, much like a FAD.
4. To protect whale sharks from this harm, the Inter-American Tropical Tuna
Commission (IATTC) adopted a resolution, by consensus, in 2013
prohibiting the placement of a purse seine net around whale sharks and
requiring the release of whale sharks unharmed in the event that they are
inadvertently encircled by a net.

USES and PATTERNS of THAT-CLAUSE:


1. Use as a direct object and to show cause and effect
2. To signal that Noun clause is to follow
3. Pattern: V + that clause
4. Pattern: ADJ + that clause
5. Phrases: in the event that / But that / sothat

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English Department English 10
Prepared by: Abel M. Cadias, MA-ESL
A. Identify the uses of THAT-CLAUSES in each of the following sentence.

1. They are also so docile that 1. Pattern: ADJ + that clause


humans often swim with them
without concern, snapping
photographs of their incredible
size.

2. But it is exactly their enormous 1. Phrases: in the event that / But


bulk that had an international that / sothat
commission adopt restrictions
protecting them from impacts
associated with the international
tuna purse seine fishing in the
Eastern Pacific Ocean (EPO).
3. Fishermen also learned that 1. Pattern: V + that clause
whale sharks are so large that
they naturally attract tuna, much
like a FAD.
4. To protect whale sharks from 1. Phrases: in the event that / But
this harm, the Inter-American Tropical that / sothat
Tuna Commission (IATTC) adopted a
resolution, by consensus, in 2013
prohibiting the placement of a purse
seine net around whale sharks and
requiring the release of whale sharks
unharmed in the event that they are
inadvertently encircled by a net.

B. Write your own example of THAT-CLAUSE using the following uses and
patterns as your guide.

5. Use as a direct I think that my friends was on vacation


object

6.To signal that I know that Mai exercises a lot which made her very
Noun clause is to healthy
follow
7.Pattern: V + that I know that Win is not good at Mathematic.
clause

8.Pattern: ADJ + Tarn runs very fast that made him be the fastest runner in
that clause the classroom.

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English Department English 10
Prepared by: Abel M. Cadias, MA-ESL

9.Phrases: in the I study Mathematic everyday. So, it made me become a


event that / But good student that I can help others in the class.
that / sothat