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CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

I. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Introduction of infrastructure and technological innovations into countries have always

been the adversaries and blessing opportunities for socio economic and political life of human beings.

Every technological innovation has been a topic of debate and center of researchers attention and same is

the case with the development of social networking sites. Various researchers have conducted studies to

pinpoint the several impacts of these sites on their users and findings suggested both bright and dark

aspects. One of the most popular and recognized platforms used on the Internet are social networking

sites such as Facebook.

Facebook being at the forefront of the social media craze, has over 500 million active

users on its website every month. It is emerged on February 4, 2004, when a 19-year-old sophomore

Harvard student named Mark Zuckerberg founded the revolutionary site to connect Harvard University

students (Grossman, 2010). But later, this site allows users to build social networks with hundreds or even

thousands of people around the world of which university students are one of the primary demographics

using Facebook, with features such as photos, wall posts, and status updates becoming seemingly

irresistible to those who want to connect with their friends (Gold, 2011).

Even though Facebook is by now used by a much wider variety of users, university

students are still its biggest fans. Results from a recent paper reported that 94% of College students are

active Facebook users, spending 60-90 minutes online each day communicating with their Friends List of

150-200 people (Ellison et. al.). Similarly, developing countries indicated that 91% of students use

Facebook (Pempek et. al.).

Though this, social networks generate billions of dollars for the developer and assists to

contact relatives detached for long period of time within fraction of seconds, it has impact and effect on

the users in general and on students academic performance in particular. So, this research assesses the
Effect of Facebook on academic performance of Humanities and Social Sciences (HUMSS) Students of

Magsaysay Memorial College (MMC).

II. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Students tend to participate in such website activities while doing their homework so that

it may have negative effect on their academic performances by interrupting them from the learning

process. Conversely, some students use Facebook as a study site. Therefore, it is becoming difficult to

ignore the fact that there might be a direct correlation between Facebook usage and academic

performance shown at schools.

This research is conducted to determine the effects of Facebook on academic

performance of HUMSS students of MMC. Especially, this study aims to answer the questions:

1. What are the effects of Facebook usage on students academic performance?

2. What grades do students get who use Facebook?

3. Can Facebook be an advantage or disadvantage?

III. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The overall objective of this study is to assess the effect of Facebook usage on students

academic performance. Specific objectives were:

1. to find out the effects of Facebook on students academic performance

2. to determine the grades of students who use Facebook

3. to ascertain if Facebook is an advantage or disadvantage for learning

IV. HYPOTHESIS

There is no significant effect between Facebook usage and academic performance.


V. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

In the academic world, everyone views Facebook as a distraction and lead the students to

procrastination in their academics. Facebook has been a big trend to Filipinos especially to students. This

study will be able to discover the effects of Facebook on their academic performances. Knowing the

effects of using it will help the students manage their time more efficiently on Facebook. This study

would provide information on the effects of Facebook not only for HUMSS students but for every student

who will be able to read this research, and how it can be used in-relation with their academics.

Since Facebook puts a large impact on students, their performances also affects the image

of the school. Their performances will reflect on the credibility of the school. Therefore, being aware of

the effects of Facebook on the students will help the school create an action that will assist the students

according on their Facebook usage.

Meanwhile, this research will also help teachers find useful strategies and techniques of

using Facebook for a more enjoyable and modernized learning. They could use Facebook as a site where

they can interact with one another, post announcements regarding on activities and a site where the

students could post their homework and projects.

It is also expected that the results obtained would not only help the school but also the

community. There are a lot of issues circulating in our society and Facebook can be a tool for

mobilization. People could use Facebook in spreading awareness that could help address the problems of

our society.

Hence, the output of this research can contribute to these endeavors by creating

awareness at the grass root level. More specifically, it will assist any interested body as showcase who are

responsible for academic performance of students in general and Magsaysay Memorial College in

particular. The findings of this study are expected to contribute a little towards bridging the existing

literature gap on understanding the impediments and blessing opportunities of Facebook in the academic
environment. Lastly, this study also helps the researchers on passing and getting higher grades for the

semester.

VI. SCOPE AND LIMITATION

This research only focuses on assessing the effects of Facebook usage of students in

HUMSS I Pope Gregory of MMC SY: 2016 2017. Accordingly, this study is subject to the following

limitations that future studies must shed more light on the subject under investigation. The focus of this

study is limited only for students who maintain a Facebook account and its effect on their academic

performance.

VII. FRAMEWORK OF THE STUDY

The study focuses on the effects of Facebook on academic performance of students. The

researchers thought of ways on how the students can be aware of the advantages or disadvantages of

Facebook usage while studying. This framework shows the whole research input, process and output.

INPUT PROCESS OUTPUT

Distribution of
Questionnaire
HUMSS I Students with Data Gathering Effects of Facebook on
Facebook Interpretation of Academic Performance
Results
Analysis of Data
VIII. DEFINITION OF TERMS

Academic Performance: the outcome of education the variable that will be observed in this research,

and how can it be affected by Facebook

Facebook: the social networking site in which this research is studying on

Social Media: these are forms of electronic communication which facilitate interaction based on certain

interests

Social Networking: the use of internet to make information about yourself available to other people

Social Networking Site: a website where people put information about them and can send to others

ACRONYMS

HUMSS: Humanities and Social Sciences; the respondents of this research

MMC: Magsaysay Memorial College; the school where the research will take place