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Question 1

a) Frequency Distribution Table


K 1 3.3 log 51 6.6 7

Number of class = 7
94 41
Width 7.57 8
7

Class width = 8

Class f
40-47 8
48-55 8
56-63 8
64-71 7
72-79 9
80-87 8
88-95 3
TOTAL 51
b) Histogram

1
Frequency

Class (miles)

c) Calculation:

Class f x f x

40-47 8 43.5 348


48-55 8 51.5 412
56-63 8 59.5 476
64-71 7 67.5 472.5
72-79 9 75.5 679.5
80-87 8 83.5 668
88-95 3 91.5 274.5
TOTAL 51 3330.5

3330.5
=65.30
Mean = 51

Class f
40-47 8

2
48-55 8
56-63 8
64-71 7
72-79 9
80-87 8
88-95 3
TOTAL 51

Class mode 72-79 therefore Lower boundary = 71.5


Class width, C = 8; = 9-7 = 2 and = 9-8 = 1

B
Mode L B C
B A

ii) Mode =
71.5+8 [ ]
2
2+1
=76.83

iii) Median

Median position: (n+1) / 2 = (51+1) / 2 = 26th position

Median class 64-71

Class f F
40-47 8 8
48-55 8 16
56-63 8 24
64-71 7 31
72-79 9 40
80-87 8 48
88-95 3 51
TOTAL 51
n = 51

3
Median = LB + C [ n+1
2
F B ] / f

= 63.5 + 8 [ 51+1
2
24
] /7

= 65.79

Question 2

a) The skewness of the 2 sets of data by using location relationship (location of mean, mode and
median in the distribution):

Smokers

Ascending order:

114, 116, 118, 120, 122, 124, 126, 128, 130, 130, 134, 146

114 +116 +118+120+ 122+124 +126+128+130+130+ 134+146


i) Mean = 12

1508
= 12

= 125.6 = 126 systolic

ii) Mode = 130 systolic

iii) Median position = (12+1)/2=6.5th position

4
~
Median x 124 0.5(126 124) 125

Median = 125 systolic.

125 126
130

Negative Skew ( Skewed to left)

Non Smoker

Ascending order

108, 110, 112, 114, 114, 116, 116, 116, 126, 132, 134, 138

i) Mean = [ 108+110+ 112+114 +114 +114+ 116+116 +116+ 126+132+134+138


12 ] = 119.67

=120 systolic

ii) Mode = 116 systolic

iii) Median position = (12+1)/2=6.5th position

~
Median x 116 0.5(116 116) 116

5
Median = 116 systolic

116 120

Positive Skew ( Skewed to right)

b) Inter Quartile Range:

i) Smoker

r
Qr position= (n+1)
Formula: 4

1
Q1 position= (12+1)
4 = 3.25th

= 118 + 0.25 (120 + 118) = 118.5 systolic

3
Q3 position= (12+1)
4

= 9.75th

6
= 130 + 0.75 (130 -130) = 130 systolic

Q3Q1
Inter Quartile Range = = 130 - 118.5 = 11.5

ii) Non Smoker

r
Qr position= (n+1)
Formula 4

1
Q1 position= (12+1)
4

= 3.25th

= 112 + 0.25 (114 -112) = 112.5 systolic

3
Q3 position= (12+1)
4

= 9.75th

= 126 +0.75 (132-126) = 130.5 systolic

Inter Quartile Range = Q3 - Q1 = 130.5 - 112.5 = 18