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testnoun [ C ]

US /test/

a set of questions or practical activities that show what


someoneknows or what someone or something can do or is like:
a spelling test

A test is also a medical examination of part of your body or of something


from your body:
an eye test
a DNA test
test

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Free dic

test 1

(tst)
n.
1. A procedure for critical evaluation; a means of determining the presence, quality,
or truth of something; a trial: atest of one's eyesight; subjecting a hypothesis to a te
st; a test of an athlete's endurance.
2. A series of questions, problems, or physical responses designed to determine kno
wledge, intelligence, or ability.
3. A basis for evaluation or judgment: "A test of democratic government is how Con
gress and the president worktogether" (Haynes Johnson).
4. Chemistry A physical or chemical change by which a substance may be detected
or its properties ascertained.
5. A cupel.

Business dic
Examination, evaluation, observation, or trial used (under actual or simulated
environmental or operating conditions) to determine and document (1) capabilities,
characteristics, effectiveness, reliability, and/or suitability of a material, product, or
system, or the (2) ability, aptitude, behavior, skill level, knowledge, or performance
of a person.
ENG OXFORD
NOUN
1A procedure intended to establish the quality, performance, or reliability of
something, especially before it is taken into widespread use:
both countries carried out nuclear tests in May
[mass noun] four fax modems are on test

From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English


Related topics: Cricket
test1 /test/ S1 W1 noun [countable] 1 EXAM a set of questions, exercises,
or practical activities to measure someones skill, ability, or knowledge

HYPER DIC

1. [n] the act of testing something; "in the experimental trials the amount of
carbon was measured separately"; "he called each flip of the coin a new trial"

2. [n] the act of undergoing testing; "he survived the great test of battle";
"candidates must compete in a trial of skill"

3. [n] any standardized procedure for measuring sensitivity or memory or


intelligence or aptitude etc; "the test was standardized on a large sample of
students"

DIC.COM
[test]
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noun
1.
the means by which the presence, quality, or genuineness of anythingis determined
; a means of trial.
2.
the trial of the quality of something:
to put to the test.

test
test

1. YOUR DIC
2. Test means an exam or evaluation.
An example of test is the term for a group taking part in an exam or
experiment.

Definition of ASSESSMENT
1. 1: the action or an instance of making a judgment about
something : the act
of assessing something : APPRAISAL <assessment of
damages> <an assessment of the president's achievements>

2. CAMBRIDGE

3. assessment noun [ C or U ]
4. UK /ses.mnt/ US /ses.mnt/
5.
6. B2 the act of judging or deciding the amount, value, quality,
orimportance of something, or the judgment or decision that is made:

GLOSSARY ED. REFORM


In education, the term assessment refers to the wide variety of methods or tools that educators
use to evaluate, measure, and document the academic readiness, learning progress, skill
acquisition, or educational needs of students.

assessment
[uh-ses-muh nt]
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DIC. COM
noun
1.
the act of assessing; appraisal; evaluation.
2.
an official valuation of property for the purpose of levying a tax; anassigned val
ue.
3.
an amount assessed as payable.

What Is Assessment?
Definitions

Various definitions of assessment and the role it plays in teaching and learning:

Assessment involves the use of empirical data on student learning to refine programs and
improve student learning. (Assessing Academic Programs in Higher Education by Allen 2004)
Assessment is the process of gathering and discussing information from multiple and diverse
sources in order to develop a deep understanding of what students know, understand, and can
do with their knowledge as a result of their educational experiences; the process culminates
when assessment results are used to improve subsequent learning. (Learner-Centered
Assessment on College Campuses: shifting the focus from teaching to learning by Huba and
Freed 2000)
Assessment is the systematic basis for making inferences about the learning and development
of students. It is the process of defining, selecting, designing, collecting, analyzing, interpreting,
and using information to increase students learning and development. (Assessing Student
Learning and Development: A Guide to the Principles, Goals, and Methods of Determining
College Outcomes by Erwin 1991)
Assessment is the systematic collection, review, and use of information about educational
programs undertaken for the purpose of improving student learning and development.
(Assessment Essentials: planning, implementing, and improving assessment in higher
education by Palomba and Banta 1999)

Evaluation is a systematic determination of a subject's merit, worth and significance, using criteria
governed by a set of standards. It can assist an organization, program, project or any other
intervention or initiative to assess any aim, realisable concept/proposal, or any alternative, to help in
decision-making; or to ascertain the degree of achievement or value in regard to the aim
and objectives and results of any such action that has been completed. [1] The primary purpose of
evaluation, in addition to gaining insight into prior or existing initiatives, is to enable reflection and

evaluation
DIC. COM
[ih-val-yoo-ey-shuh n]
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noun
1.
an act or instance of evaluating or appraising.
2.
(especially in medicine) a diagnosis or diagnostic study of a physical ormental condition.

CAMBRIDGE
evaluateverb [T]
US /vljuet/

to judge or calculate the quality, importance, amount, or value of something:

analytical review
INQAAHE,forexample,adoptagenericapproachbutapplyittoanagencyactivity:
Evaluation(alsocalledreview)isusedasthegeneraldescriptionoftheactivity
ofanEQAagency[externalqualityassuranceagency]forcollectingdata,
informationandevidenceaboutthequalityofaninstitution,thequalityofparts
ofaninstitutionorthequalityofitscoreactivities:educationand/orresearch.
(INQAAHE,2001,p.2)

CampbellandRozsnyai(2002,p.31):
Evaluationisageneraltermdenotinganyprocessleadingtojudgmentsand/or
recommendationsregardingthequalityofaunit.(Aunitisaninstitution,
programme,discipline.)Evaluationcanbeaninternalprocessselfevaluation
oranexternaloneconductedbyexternalexperts,peers,orinspector.)

TheUNESCOdefinition:
Evaluation:Thegeneralprocessofasystematicandcriticalanalysisleadingto
judgmentsand/orrecommendationsregardingthequalityofahighereducation
institutionoraprogramme.Evaluationiscarriedoutthroughinternalor
externalprocedures.IntheUnitedKingdom,evaluationisalsocalledreview.
(Vlsceanu, 2004, p. 37)

The Hungarian Higher Education Act (2000 amendment) defines quality evaluation as
follows:
Quality evaluation: compares professional objectives with the operation of
the institution in respect of result, efficiency and quality on the basis of a
system of indicators prepared together with the professional community
concerned. (Szanto, 2003)

TheTempusdefinitionismoregearedtowardsanongoingprocessof(internal)
evaluationofquality:
Quality evaluation constant evaluation of the possibility of meeting the set
demands.

Wojtczak(2002)definesevaluationinthecontextofmedicaleducationas:
Aprocessthatattemptstosystematicallyandobjectivelydeterminethe
relevance,effectiveness,andimpactofactivitiesinlightoftheir
objectives.Evaluationcanberelatedtostructure,process,oroutcome.Onecan
distinguishthesevarioustypes:individualsevaluation(seebelow)
andprogrammeevaluation.
Formativeindividualevaluationprovidesfeedbacktoanindividual(usuallya
learner)inordertoimprovethatindividual'sperformance.Thistypeof
evaluationidentifiesareasforimprovementandprovidesspecificsuggestions
forimprovementservingasaneducationaltool.
Summativeindividualevaluationmeasureswhetherspecificobjectiveswere
accomplishedbyanindividualinordertoplaceavalueontheperformanceof
thatindividual.Itmaycertifycompetencyorlackofcompetencyin
performanceinaparticulararea.

Harvey(2002,p.1)states:
Evaluationisusedhereasanumbrellatermforallformsofquality
monitoring,assessment,audit,enhancementlegitimation,endorsementor
accreditation.

TheGlossarytotheBerlinSummitof2003(ENQA,2003)states:
Apart from accreditation, evaluation is the central activity to assure quality in
higher education. To evaluate means to assess teaching and academic studies in
a subject or department and the related degree programmes. Strengths and
weaknesses of education and training should be demonstrated by stocktaking
and analysis and proposals should be formulated to promote its quality as well.
Evaluation is carried out through internal or external procedures. The process
of internal evaluation is comprised of the systematic collection of
administrative data, questioning of students and graduates, as well as
moderated conversations with lecturers and students. As part of the process of
external evaluation a review team visits the department in order to review the
quality of the academic studies and teaching. External peers are lecturers or
persons from vocational practice who discuss with students and young
scientists and present a final report. The evaluation of academic studies and
teaching has to be followed by an account of how effective the measures of
quality assurance are.
Besides academic studies and teaching, the performance of research is
evaluated at different levels: with reference to national research systems,
individual institutions, research programmes or individual projects. In the field
of research evaluation internal and external evaluations are also employed.