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CAD package for electromagnetic and thermal analysis using finite elements

electromagnetic and thermal analysis using finite elements Flux by CEDRAT Magneto Static application tutorial 2D basic

Flux

by CEDRAT

and thermal analysis using finite elements Flux by CEDRAT Magneto Static application tutorial 2D basic example

Magneto Static application tutorial

2D basic example

and thermal analysis using finite elements Flux by CEDRAT Magneto Static application tutorial 2D basic example
and thermal analysis using finite elements Flux by CEDRAT Magneto Static application tutorial 2D basic example
and thermal analysis using finite elements Flux by CEDRAT Magneto Static application tutorial 2D basic example

Flux is a registered trademark.

Flux software Flux tutorials :

COPYRIGHT CEDRAT/INPG/CNRS/EDF COPYRIGHT CEDRAT

:

This tutorial was edited on 5 juillet 2012

Ref.: KF 2 05 -A- 111 - EN - 07/12

CEDRAT 15 Chemin de Malacher - Inovallée 38246 Meylan Cedex FRANCE Phone: +33 (0)4 76 90 50 45 Fax: +33 (0)4 56 38 08 30 Email: cedrat@cedrat.com Web: http://www.cedrat.com

Foreword *(Please read before starting this document) Description of the example The goal of this
Foreword
*(Please read before starting this document)
Description of
the example
The goal of this basic example is to familiarize the user with the Flux
Magneto Static application using a simple device.
This example contains the general steps and all the data needed to describe
the physics,the solving and the postprocessing for the given cases. For this
example, the geometry has been previously described in the First steps in
using Flux: Geometry and Mesh Tutorial - Basic example.
Required
knowledge
This basic example is designed for the user who is already familiar with
the basic functions of Flux software.
To obtain this knowledge, first, the user should go through the First steps
in using Flux: Geometry and Mesh Tutorial - Basic example. This
document explains, in detail, all the actions necessary to build the
geometry and mesh of a project in the Flux study domain.
Support files
included
To view the completed phases of the example project, the user will find
the .py files, including the geometry, physics and post processing
descriptions. The .py files corresponding to the different study cases in
this example are available in the folder:
…\DocExamples11.1\Examples2D\MagnetostaticApplication\
Supplied files are command files written in Pyflux language. The user can
launch them in order to automatically recover the Flux projects for each
case.
**(.py files are launched by accessing Project/Command file from the
Flux drop down menu.)
Supplied files
Contents
Flux file obtained after
launching the .py file
TESTCASE_INI.FLU*
Geometry, mesh
Physbuilt.FLU
and physics
CASE1
solving.py
Solving process
Solved.FLU
postprocessing.py
Post processing
Postprocessed.FLU
TESTCASE_INI.FLU**
Initial project
CASE2
solving.py
Solving process
Solved.FLU
postprocessing.py
Post processing
Postprocessed.FLU
Note : some directories may contain a main.py enabling the launch of the
command files
*This file correspond to SENSOR_2D created in the first steps in using Flux-
geometry and mesh tutorial
** This file correspond to the Physbuilt.FLU of CASE 1

Flux

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

1. General information

1

1.1. Overview

3

1.1.1. Description of the studied device

4

1.1.2. Studied cases

5

1.2. Strategy to build the Flux project

7

1.2.1.

Main stages for physical description

8

2. Construction of the Flux project

11

2.1.

Physical

description process

13

2.1.1.

Define the physical application

14

2.1.2.

Create materials

15

2.1.3.

Create face regions

16

2.1.4.

Create measuring coils: coil conductors components and coil conductor regions

17

2.1.5.

Assign face regions to faces

18

2.1.6.

Orient material for face region

19

3. Case 1: static study

21

3.1. Case 1: solving process

23

Case 1:

3.2. results post-processing

25

3.2.1.

Display default graphic post processing

26

3.2.2.

Display arrows of the magnetic flux density on a region boundaries

28

3.2.3.

Display isovalues of the magnetic flux density on a 2D grid

29

3.2.4.

Compute the magnetic flux density on a point

31

3.2.5.

Compute the magnetic force on face regions

32

3.2.6.

Plot a 2D curve of the magnetic field strength along a path and export the curve

33

3.2.7.

Plot a 2D curve of normal and tangential components of the magnetic field along a path

35

4. Case 2: parametric computation

37

4.1. Case 2: solving process

39

Case

4.2. 2:

results post-processing

41

4.2.1.

Display default graphic post processing (alpha=120°)

42

4.2.2.

Create animation of isovalues of the magnetic flux density on face regions versus position parameter

43

4.2.3.

Plot a 2D curve of the flux through coil conductors versus an I/O parameter

44

4.2.4.

Plot a 3D curve of the magnetic flux density on a path versus an I/O parameter

45

Table of Contents

Flux

Flux

General information

1. General information

Introduction

This chapter contains the presentation of the studied device and the Flux software.

Contents

This chapter contains the following topics:

Topic

See Page

Overview

3

Strategy to build the Flux project

7

General information

Flux

Flux

General information

1.1.

Overview

Introduction

This section presents the studied device (a variable reluctance speed sensor) and the strategy of the device description in Flux.

Contents

This section contains the following topics:

Topic

See Page

Description of the studied device

4

Studied cases

5

General information

Flux

1.1.1. Description of the studied device

Studied device

The device to be analyzed is a variable reluctance speed sensor.

The studied device consists of:

a cogged wheel (made of steel) with three teeth

two probes with a magnet (made of ferrite) and a coil around each

COIL 1+ MAGNET 1 WHEEL COIL 1- COIL 2+ MAGNET 2 COIL 2-
COIL 1+
MAGNET 1
WHEEL
COIL 1-
COIL 2+
MAGNET 2
COIL 2-

PROBE 1

PROBE 2
PROBE 2

Operating

principle

The rotation of the cogged wheel near the tip of the probes changes the magnetic flux around probes 1 and 2, creating an analog voltage signal that can be measured by the probes.

Flux

General information

1.1.2. Studied cases

Studied cases

Two cases are carried out with the Magneto Static application:

case 1: static study (mono value)

case 2: multi-parametric static study (multi values)

Case 1

The first case is a static study (mono value).

In this case, the study is performed in the middle position: the two probes between two teeth. The geometric parameter , which allows us to control the angle of the wheel around Z axis, has a fixed value = 75° . The coils are not current supplied (=measuring coils)

Case 2

The second case is a multi-parametric static study (multi values)

In this parameterized study, the angle of the cogged wheel will vary. The geometric parameter varies in the range [75°, 195°] with a step of 3°.

General information

Flux

Flux

General information

1.2. Strategy to build the Flux project

Introduction

This section presents outlines of physical properties description process of the sensor.

Contents

This section contains the following topics:

Topic

See Page

Main stages for physical description

8

General information

Flux

1.2.1. Main stages for physical description

Outline

An outline of the physical description process of the sensor is presented in the table below.

Stage

 

Description

 

Definition of the application and definition of the depth of the domain

Magneto Static 2D

1

(solved with Flux 3D solver)

2D plan (6mm)

 

Creation of two materials

FERRITE – magnet with a linear B(H) characteristic

2

STEEL – ferromagnetic material with a non linear B(H) characteristic

   

AIR_EXT region, corresponding with the air surrounding the device

Creation of four face region

AIR_WHEEL region, corresponding with the air in the cogged wheel

3

MAGNET1 region corresponding with the first magnet of the device

 

MAGNET2 re region corresponding with the second magnet of the device

   

COIL_CONDUCTOR1

COIL_CONDUCTOR2

Creation of two coils:

COIL1N region, corresponding with the negative part of the first coil

4

COIL1P region, corresponding with the

Two components

positive part of the first coil

Four face regions

COIL2N region, corresponding with the negative part of the second coil

COIL2P region, corresponding with the positive part of the second coil

Continued on next page

Flux

General information

Stage Description COIL1P AIR_EXT MAGNET1 COIL1N WHEEL COIL2P 5 Assignment of face regions MAGNET2 AIR
Stage
Description
COIL1P
AIR_EXT
MAGNET1
COIL1N
WHEEL
COIL2P
5 Assignment of face
regions
MAGNET2
AIR WHEEL
COIL2N
INFINITE
6 Material orientation

Construction of the Flux project

Flux

Flux

Construction of the Flux project

2. Construction of the Flux project

Introduction

This chapter contains the physical description of the sensor. For a more detailed description of the basic geometry of the sensor, the user should reference the Flux 2D Generic Tutorial of Geometry and Mesh. The user must have good understanding of all functionalities of the Flux preprocessor.

Starting Flux

project

The starting project is the Flux project GEO_MESH.FLU. This project contains:

the geometry description of the contactor

the mesh of the computation domain

New Flux

project

The new Flux project is GEO_MESH_PHYS.FLU.

Contents

This chapter contains the following topics:

Topic

See Page

Physical description process

13

Construction of the Flux project

Flux

Flux

Construction of the Flux project

2.1. Physical description process

Introduction

This section presents the definition of the physical properties – materials and regions.

Contents

This section contains the following topics:

Topic

See Page

Define the physical application

14

Create materials

15

Create face regions

13

Create measuring coils: coil conductors components and coil conductor regions

14

Assign face regions to faces

18

Orient material for face region

19

Construction of the Flux project

Flux

2.1.1. Define the physical application

Goal

First, the physical application is defined. The required physical application is the Magneto Static 2D application.

Data

The characteristics of the application are presented in the table below.

Magneto Static 2D application

Definition

Definition

2D domain type

2D plane

Depth of the domain

6 mm

Coils Coefficient

Automatic Coefficient

Application Define Magnetic Magneto Static 2D

Flux

Construction of the Flux project

2.1.2. Create materials

Goal

Two materials are created directly for the physical description of the sensor; the two materials are characterized by their magnetic properties:

the first material is FERRITE defined for the coiled magnets

the second material is STEEL defined for the cogged wheel

Data

The characteristics of the materials are presented in the tables below.

B(H) linear magnet described in the Br module

Name

Remanent flux density (T)

Relative permeability

FERRITE

0.8

1

B(H) isotropic analytic saturation (arctg 2 coef.)

Name

Initial relative permeability

Saturation magnetization

(T)

STEEL

5000

1.9

Physics Material New

Physics  Material  New

Construction of the Flux project

Flux

2.1.3. Create face regions

Goal

Five face regions are necessary for the physical description of the sensor. Five following face regions will be created:

the AIR_EXT region, corresponding with the air surrounding the device

the AIR_WHEEL region, corresponding with the air in the cogged wheel

the MAGNET1 region, corresponding with the first magnet of the device

the MAGNET2 region, corresponding with the second magnet of the device

the WHEEL region, corresponding with the cogged wheel

The INFINITE region, already created during the infinite box creation, will be edited to activate its physical properties.

Data

The characteristics of the face regions are presented in the table below.

Face region

Name

Type

Material

Color

AIR_EXT

Air or vacuum region

 

Turquoise

AIR_WHEEL

Air or vacuum region

 

Turquoise

INFINITE*

Air or vacuum region

 

Turquoise

MAGNET1

Magnetic non-conducting region

FERRITE

Magenta

MAGNET2

Magnetic non-conducting region

FERRITE

Magenta

WHEEL

Magnetic non-conducting region

STEEL

Cyan

Physics Face region New

Physics  Face region  New
Physics  Face region  New

*The region already created and assigned during the creation of the infinite box, however the user need to enter the type of the region.

Flux

Construction of the Flux project

2.1.4. Create measuring coils: coil conductors components and coil conductor regions

Goal

Two coils are created to measure the flux density.

 

About coil

In magnetic applications, a coil is represented by one face region or by a group of face regions of the coil conductor type. The value I of the current in a wire (or turn) of the coil is set by means of an electric component (of coil conductor type) associated to the coil.

 

Data (1)

The characteristics of the electric components (of coil conductor type) are presented in the table below:

 
 

Stranded coil conductor with imposed current (A)

   

Name

comment

Value

 

COIL_CONDUCTOR1

Coil conductor on the first coil

0

 

COIL_CONDUCTOR2

Coil conductor on the second coil

0

Physics Electrical components Stranded coil conductor New

   
 Physics  Electrical components  Stranded coil conductor  New      
 

Data (2)

The characteristics of the regions (of coil conductor type) are presented in the table below:

 

Coil conductor type region

 
   

Component

   

Series or

 

Face region

   

Orientation

Turn number

parallel

 

Color

COIL1N

COIL_CONDUCTOR1

negative

1000

series

red

 

COIL1P

COIL_CONDUCTOR1

positive

1000

series

red

 

COIL2N

COIL_CONDUCTOR2

negative

1000

series

red

 

COIL2P

COIL_CONDUCTOR2

positive

1000

series

red

 

Physics Face region New

   
 Physics  Face region  New      
 

the COIL1N region, corresponding with the negative part of the first coil

the COIL1P region, corresponding with the positive part of the first coil

the COIL2N region, corresponding with the negative part of the second coil

the COIL2P region, corresponding with the positive part of the second coil

Construction of the Flux project

Flux

2.1.5. Assign face regions to faces

Goal

The INFINITE region has been already assigned during the creation of the infinite box. The nine regions (AIR_EXT, AIR_INT, WHEEL, COIL1P, COIL1N, MAGNET1, COIL2P, COIL2N, and MAGNET2) are assigned to faces.

Outline

The region assignment is presented in the figure below.

The region assignment is presented in the figure below. COIL1P MAGNET1 COIL1N AIR_EXT WHEEL COIL2P MAGNET2

COIL1P

MAGNET1 COIL1N
MAGNET1
COIL1N
AIR_EXT
AIR_EXT
WHEEL
WHEEL
COIL2P MAGNET2 COIL2N
COIL2P
MAGNET2
COIL2N

AIR_WHEEL

INFINITE
INFINITE

Flux

Construction of the Flux project

2.1.6. Orient material for face region

Goal

An orientation of the material region is needed to describe physics.

Data

The orientation of the material region is related in the table below

 

Orient material for face region

 

Name

Oriented type

Coordinate system

Angle

MAGNET1

Direction

PROBE_CS

0

MAGNET2

Direction

PROBE_CS001

0

Physics Face region Orient material for face region

Physics  Face region  Orient material for face region
Physics  Face region  Orient material for face region

Case 1: static study

Flux

Flux

Case 1: static study

3. Case 1: static study

Case 1

The first case is a static study.

This study is a very easy problem of Magneto Statics. In this study, a magneto static analysis of the sensor is performed in a medium position: the two probes between two teeth. A geometric parameter , which allow us to control the angle of the wheel around Z axis, has a fixed value = 75° The coils are not current supplied (=measuring coils)

Starting Flux

project

The starting project is the Flux project TestCase_INI.FLU. This project contains:

the geometry description of the device

the mesh and computation domain

the initial physical description of the contactor

Contents

This chapter contains the following topics:

Topic

See Page

Case 1: solving process

23

Case 1: results post-processing

25

Case 1: static study

Flux

Flux

Case 1: static study

3.1. Case 1: solving process

Flux Case 1: static study 3.1. Case 1: solving process Goal The case 1 is solved

Goal

The case 1 is solved using the default scenario with reference values.

Action

Solve case 1.

Solving Solve

Solving  Solve
Solving  Solve

Case 1: static study

Flux

Flux

Case 1: static study

3.2. Case 1: results post-processing

Introduction

This section explains how to analyze the principal results of case 1.

Contents

This section contains the following topics:

Topic

See Page

Display default graphic post processing

26

Display arrows of the magnetic flux density on a region boundaries

28

Display isovalues of the magnetic flux density on a 2D grid

29

Compute the magnetic flux density on a point

31

Compute the magnetic force on face regions

32

Plot a 2D curve of the magnetic field strength along a path and export the curve

33

Plot a 2D curve of normal and tangential components of the magnetic field along a path

35

Case 1: static study

Flux

3.2.1. Display default graphic post processing

Goal

The default graphic post processing is displayed on the device (excluding the infinite box) :

- Isovalues of the magnetic flux density

- Arrows of the magnetic flux density

- Isolines of the vector potential

Action (1)

Display isovalues

Graphic Isovalues Display isovalues

Graphic  Isovalues  Display isovalues

Result (1)

The following chart shows the isovalues of the magnetic flux density on the device.

the isovalues of the magnetic flux density on the device. Continued on next page PAGE 26

Continued on next page

Flux

Case 1: static study

Action (2)

 

Result (2)

Action (3)

 

Result (3)

Hide previous isovalues and display arrows

Graphic Arrows Spatial Group Display arrows

Graphic  Arrows Spatial Group  Display arrows
Graphic  Arrows Spatial Group  Display arrows

The following chart shows the arrows of the magnetic flux density on the device.

the arrows of the magnetic flux density on the device. Display isolines Graphic  Isolines 

Display isolines

Graphic Isolines Display isolines

Graphic  Isolines  Display isolines
Graphic  Isolines  Display isolines

The following chart shows the isolines of the vector potential on the device.

following chart shows the isolines of the vector potential on the device. Magneto Static application tutorial

Case 1: static study

Flux

3.2.2. Display arrows of the magnetic flux density on a region boundaries

Goal

The arrows of the magnetic flux density on wheel region boundaries are displayed.

Data

The characteristics of the arrows are presented in the table below.

Arrows on boundary

Name

Groups

Quantity

WHEEL_CONTOUR

S_WHEEL

Magnetic flux density / Vector

Result

Graphic Arrows boundary New

Graphic  Arrows boundary  New
Graphic  Arrows boundary  New

The result is presented in the figure below :

 Arrows boundary  New The result is presented in the figure below : PAGE 28

Flux

Case 1: static study

3.2.3. Display isovalues of the magnetic flux density on a 2D grid

Goal

One 2D grid is created midpoint of the second stranded coil. The magnetic flux density isovalues are displayed on the 2D grid.

Data (1)

The characteristics of the 2D grid are presented in the table below.

Rectangular 2D grid in XY plane: definition

Name

Comment

Coordinate system

2D grid origin coordinates

First

Second

GRID_ONMAGNET

For the magnet

PROBE_CS

0

0

Rectangular 2D grid in XY plane: definition

Rectangular 2D grid in XY plane: definition

Characteristics along X   Characteristics along Y

Characteristics along X

 

Characteristics along Y

     

Number of

   

Number of

Positive X

Negative X

disc. elements

Positive Y

Negative Y

disc. elements

 

12

12

 

30

6

6

20

Rectangular 2D grid in XY plane: appearance  

Rectangular 2D grid in XY plane: appearance

 

Visibility

 

Color

visible

 

green

Data (2)

Support 2D grid New

 
Support  2D grid  New  

The characteristics of the isovalues are presented in the table below.

 

Isovalues on 2D grid

 

2D grid

Quantity

GRID_ONMAGNET

Magnetic flux density / Vector

Graphic Isovalues New

 
Graphic  Isovalues  New  

Continued on next page

Case 1: static study

Flux

Result

The following chart shows the magnetic flux density on the GRID_ONMAGNET grid

following chart shows the magnetic flux density on the GRID_ONMAGNET grid PAGE 30 Magneto Static application

Flux

Case 1: static study

3.2.4. Compute the magnetic flux density on a point

Goal

The magnetic flux density is computed on the selected point.

 
 
 

Data

The characteristics of the point are presented in the table below.

 

Quantities computation on points

 

Name

 

Comment

Formula

POINT1

Center of the magnet

 

B

   

Point defined by its coordinates

 
 
  Coordinates   localization Coord. system Region

Coordinates

 

localization

Coord. system

Region

first

second

     
 

0

0

no constraint

PROBE_CS001

MAGNET2

Computation On point New session Quantities computation on points

 
 Computation  On point  New session Quantities computation on points  

Result

The following values show the X and Y components of the magnetic flux density at the above-described point.

Y components of the magnetic flux density at the above -described point. Magneto Static application tutorial

Case 1: static study

Flux

3.2.5. Compute the magnetic force on face regions

Goal

The value of the magnetic force is computed on the selected face region and the result of computation is displayed in the dialog box.

Data

The characteristics of the magnetic force computation are presented in the table below.

Compute on physic entity

Name

Region

Spatial group

Quantity

Magnetic force / Magnitude

FORCE_MAGNET

S_MAGNET2

Magnetic force / x component

Magnetic force / y component

Computation On physical entity Compute

Result

The following dialog box shows the result of computation of the magnetic force on the MAGNET2 face region.

resu lt of computation of the magnetic force on the MAGNET2 face region. PAGE 32 Magneto

Flux

Case 1: static study

3.2.6. Plot a 2D curve of the magnetic field strength along a path and export the curve

Goal The variation of the magnetic flux density is computed along the selected path and
Goal
The variation of the magnetic flux density is computed along the selected path
and displayed as curve.
Data (1)
The characteristics of the path are presented in the table below.

Path defined by 2 points

Name

Comment

SEGMENT

Along the magnet

Path defined by coordinates

Path defined by coordinates

SEGMENT Along the magnet Path defined by coordinates   Path points     Starting point
 

Path points

   

Starting point

 

Ending point

 

Discretization

Coord. system

Coordinates

Coord. system

Coordinates

by intervals

First

Second

First

Second

PROBE_CS001

-15

0

PROBE_CS001

15

0

50

Support Path New

Support  Path  New

Data (2)

The characteristics of the curve are presented in the table below.

2D curve (path)

Name

Comment

Path

Quantity

CURVE

Magnetic field strength along the segment in magnet

SEGMENT

Magnetic field / Magnitude

Magnetic field / Normal component

Magnetic field / Tangential component

Curve 2D curve (Path) New 2D curve (Path)

Curve  2D curve (Path)  New 2D curve (Path)

Continued on next page

Case 1: static study

Flux

Result The following curves show the components of the magnetic field strength along the X
Result
The following curves show the components of the magnetic field strength
along the X and Y –axes with Absolute view mode.
Action
Export the curve to excel file

Curve 2D curve (path) Excel export

Flux

Case 1: static study

3.2.7. Plot a 2D curve of normal and tangential components of the magnetic field along a path

Goal

The variation of the normal and tangent components of the magnetic field is computed along the selected path and displayed as curve.

computed along the selected pa th and displayed as curve. Data (1) The characteristics of the

Data (1)

The characteristics of the path are presented in the table below.

Arc defined by center, radius and angles

Name

Comment

AIR_GAP

In the air gap

Path definition

Path definition

Comment AIR_GAP In the air gap Path definition     Extremities angles around Z    
   

Extremities angles around Z

   

Discretiz

Coord.

system

Center of arc

Radius

Region

ation by

First

Second

Starting

Ending

intervals

XY1

0

0

-40

70

21.75

AIR_EXT

30

Support Path New

Support  Path  New

Data (2)

The characteristics of the curve are presented in the table below.

2D curve (path)

Name

Comment

Path

Quantity

Magnetic field / Normal component

Normal and tangent magnetic field along the air gap

CURVE_1

AIR_GAP

Magnetic field / Tangential component

Curve 2D curve (Path) New 2D curve (Path)

Curve  2D curve (Path)  New 2D curve (Path)

Continued on next page

Case 1: static study

Flux

Result

The following curves show the normal and tangent components of the magnetic field along the X and Y -axes.

and tangent components of the magnetic field along the X and Y -axes. PAGE 36 Magneto

Flux

Case 2: parametric computation

4. Case 2: parametric computation

Case 2

The second case is a parametric computation.

The angle of the cogged wheel will vary. In this parametric study, the geometric parameter is the angle that varies in the range [75°, 195°] with a step of 3°.

Starting Flux

project

The starting project is the Flux project GEO_MESH_PHYS.FLU. This project contains:

the geometry description of the device

the mesh and computation domain

the initial physical description of the contactor

Project name

The new Flux project is saved under the name of CASE2.FLU.

Contents

This chapter contains the following topics:

Topic

See Page

Case 2: solving process

39

Case 2: results post-processing

41

Case 2: parametric computation

Flux

Flux

Case 2: parametric computation

4.1. Case 2: solving process

Case 2: parametric computation 4.1. Case 2: solving process Goal The scenario with the controlled ge

Goal

The scenario with the controlled geometrical parameter is defined for a varying solving process.

Data

The characteristics of the solving scenario are presented in the tables below.

Solving scenario

Name

Comment

SCENARIO1

study using a geometrical parameter

Solving scenario

Solving scenario

study using a geometrical parameter Solving scenario   Parameter control Controlled parameter

Parameter control

Controlled

parameter

Interval

Type

Lower limit

Higher

limit

Method

Step value

step

value

ALPHA

Multi-values

75

195

3

Solving Solving scenario New

Solving  Solving scenario  New

Solving Solve

Solving  Solve

Case 2: parametric computation

Flux

Flux

Case 2: parametric computation

4.2. Case 2: results post-processing

Introduction

This section explains how to analyze the principal results of case 2.

Contents

This section contains the following topics:

Topic

See Page

Display default graphic post processing (alpha=120°)

42

Create animation of isovalues of the magnetic flux density on face regions versus position parameter

43

Plot a 2D curve of the flux through coil conductors versus an I/O parameter

44

Plot a 3D curve of the magnetic flux density on a path versus an I/O parameter

45

Case 2: parametric computation

Flux

4.2.1. Display default graphic post processing (alpha=120°)

Action

 

Data

Action

 

Result

First, the computation step of the geometrical parameterized study is selected (alpha=120°). Then, the default graphic post processing is displayed via isovalue plots of color shadings.

Select the step

Select the step

The characteristics of the scenario and computation step selection are presented in the table below.

Scenario and computation step

Scenario

SCENARIO1

Computation step

Computation step

Parameter name

ALPHA

Value

120

Display isovalues

Graphic Isovalues Display isovalues

Graphic  Isovalues  Display isovalues

The following chart shows the magnetic flux density on the selected regions.

The following chart shows the magnetic flux density on the selected regions. PAGE 42 Magneto Static

Flux

Case 2: parametric computation

4.2.2. Create animation of isovalues of the magnetic flux density on face regions versus position parameter

Goal

The animation of isovalues of the magnetic flux density for different positions of the wheel is created.

Data

The characteristics of the animation are presented in the table below.

 

Animation

 
 

General

 

Display

 

Pilot

 

Steps

Build

 

Name

     

frequency

1/

Isovalues

Parameters

min

max

options

           

4_ISOVAL

ANIMATION_1

ALPHA

75

195

2

Build

video

_NO_INFI

NITE

Graphic Animation New

Graphic  Animation  New
Graphic  Animation  New

Result

The animation video is created in the project repertory in a .AVI file.

The animation video is created in the project repertory in a .AVI file. Magneto Static application

Case 2: parametric computation

Flux

4.2.3. Plot a 2D curve of the flux through coil conductors versus an I/O parameter

Goal

The values of the flux through the two coil conductor versus the angular position of the cogged wheel are computed and displayed in a curve

Data

The characteristics of the curve are presented in the table below

2D curve (I/O parameter)

   

Parameter

Circuit

 

Name

Name

Lower

Upper

COILCONDUCTOR1

COILCONDUCTOR2

endpoint

endpoint

CURVE

ALPHA

75°

195°

Flux

Flux

Curve 2D Curve I/O parameter New 2D Curve (I/O parameter)

 Curve  2D Curve I/O parameter  New 2D Curve (I/O parameter)

Result

The following curves show the variation of flux through coil conductor in function of the angle variation of the cogged wheel.

coil conductor in function of the angle vari ation of the cogged wheel. PAGE 44 Magneto

Flux

Case 2: parametric computation

4.2.4. Plot a 3D curve of the magnetic flux density on a path versus an I/O parameter

Goal

The variation of the magnetic flux density is computed along the selected path (already defined in case 1) for different positions of the wheel and displayed as curve.

different positions of the wheel and displayed as curve. Data The characteristics of the curve are

Data

The characteristics of the curve are presented in the table below

3D curve (Path + I/O parameter)

Name

Path

Parameter

 

Quantity

Name

Min

Max

CURVE_1

AIR_GAP

ALPHA

75

195

Magnetic flux density / Magnitude

Curve 3D Curve (Path + I/O parameter) New 3D Curve (Path + I/O parameter)

Curve  3D Curve (Path + I/O parameter)  New 3D Curve (Path + I/O parameter)

Result

The following curve shows the variation of the magnetic flux density along the path for different positions of the wheel.

magnetic flux density along the path for different positions of the wheel. Magneto Static application tutorial

Case 2: parametric computation

Flux