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# 12.

## 8 Diagrams for Lateral Earth pressure Distribution against Retaining

watts

Example12.6
A frictionlesrr:Tj.ning.Iall-isshownin Figure 12.20a.
Find the passiveresistance
(Po)on the backfilland the locationof the resultantpassiveforce.
q = l0 kN/m2

I
llJl
1m
I Y = l5 kN/mj
\$'=26"
r" = 8 kN/ml

I
I l++l+ 1 . 5 3 . k6N / r n 2+ l
- 51 . 2k N / n r 2
(b)

## Flgure 12.20 (a) Frictionlessretainingwall; (b) passivepressuredistribution

diagram
Solution
Giventhat\$' : 26o,it followsthat
I + s i n d '_ 1 * s i n 2 6 _
"
*- _ ) <A
" 1-sind' l-sin26"
FromEq. (12.29),
u'o: Ko{ro+ 2f4c'
=
At e 0, aL : 10kN/m2;thus,
o, = (2.56)(rA)+ 2\/736(S) : 25.e+ 25.6* 5t.2kN/m2
Again,at z = 4 m,c'o: (10+ 4 x15) = 70kNlm2.So
o', = (2.56)(70)
+ 2\A36(8) : 20+.S
kN/m2
Thepressure distributiondiagramis shownin Figure1z.z0b.The
passive resist-
anceperunit widthof thewallis asfollows: i
\$
Po= gLZ)(4) + t(4x1s3.6): 204.8+ 307.2=ku kN/m
locationof theresultantcar befoundby takingthemomentof thepres-
sure1l*