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Steam tracing simulation for determining Process Fluid Temperature

SI Unit Version
Author: J.A.B. de Lange
In conjunction with www.cheresources.com
Press "Ctrl L" to activate the macro that runs the simulation.

! It is very important to read the messages at the bottom of the screen each time the simulation has been run,

Inputs

Line Number 1
Pipe Length (m) 100

Steam Specification
Steam Pressure (kPa) 800

Process Fluid Pipe


Pipe NPS (inches) 30"
Pipe schedule STD
Pipe material Stainless steel
Minimum allowable fluid temperature (C) 30

Steam tracing available


Bare/Cemented Bare
Amount of Available Tracers 1
Tracer NPS (inches) "
Tracer Pipe Material Carbon Steel

Insulation Specifications
Insulation Material Fiberglass
Insulation Thickness (mm) 100
Emissivity of insulation lagging 0.4

Ambient Conditions
Ambient Temperature (C) -10
Wind Velocity (km/h) 10.8

Messages
Solution converged to a satisfactory degree
Hottest Surface Temperature Acceptable for Personnel Protection, insulation thickness ok
Insulation thickness acceptable, but refer to the second message for further information
Steam pressure acceptable
Process Fluid Temperature acceptable, and above Minimum Allowable Fluid Temperature
cess Fluid Temperature

Assumptions:
Saturated Steam is used, pressure drop along length of pipe neglegible
Resistance to heat transfer through tracer pipe wall material is neglegible

screen each time the simulation has been run, before evaluating the outputs.

Ouputs

Other Information
Annulus Temperature (C) 81.3

Steam Information
Steam Temperature (C) 170.4
Steam Consumption (kg/h) 9.0

Process Fluid Pipe


Process Fluid Temperature (C) 48
Pipe Outer Radius (mm) 381.00
Pipe Wall Thickness (mm) 9.53
Pipe Inner Radius (mm) 371.48
Wall Material Thermal Conductivity, kw, (W/mK) 16.2

Steam Tracer Information


Tracer Outer Radius (mm) 10.67
Spacers Required

Insulation Information
Thermal Conductivity, k(ins), (W/mK) 0.03226
Temperature Range (C) 10 to 250C
Average Insulation Temperature (C) 26

Outer Surface Information


Hottest Outside Surface Temperature (C) 24
Surface Film Coefficient, ho, (W/mK) 8.9

on, insulation thickness ok


ge for further information

owable Fluid Temperature


0
0
Steam tracing simulation for determining Process Fluid Temperature
Imperial Unit Version
Author: J.A.B. de Lange
In conjunction with www.cheresources.com
Press "Ctrl r" to activate the macro that runs the simulation.

! It is very important to read the messages at the bottom of the screen each time the simulation has been run,

Inputs

Line Number 2
Pipe Length (ft) 130

Steam Specification
Steam Pressure (psi) 100

Process Fluid Pipe


Pipe NPS (inches) 8"
Pipe schedule STD
Pipe material Carbon steel
Minimum allowable fluid temperature (F) 90

Steam tracing available


Bare/Cemented Bare
Amount of Available Tracers 1
Tracer NPS (inches) "
Tracer Pipe Material Carbon Steel

Insulation Specifications
Insulation Material Rock Wool 40 kg/m
Insulation Thickness (inches) 3
Emissivity of insulation lagging 0.4

Ambient Conditions
Ambient Temperature (F) 66
Wind Velocity (ft/s) 9

Messages
Solution converged to a satisfactory degree
Hottest Surface Temperature Acceptable for Personnel Protection, insulation thickness ok
Insulation thickness acceptable, but refer to the second message for further information
Steam pressure acceptable
Process Fluid Temperature acceptable, and above Minimum Allowable Fluid Temperature
cess Fluid Temperature

Assumptions:
Saturated Steam is used, pressure drop along length of pipe neglegible
Resistance to heat transfer through tracer pipe wall material is neglegible

screen each time the simulation has been run, before evaluating the outputs.

Ouputs

Other Information
Annulus Temperature (F) 207.1

Steam Information
Steam Temperature (F) 327.8
Steam Consumption (lbm/h) 5.2

Process Fluid Pipe


Process Fluid Temperature (F) 166
Pipe Outer Radius (inches) 4.31
Pipe Wall Thickness (inches) 0.32
Pipe Inner Radius (inches) 3.99
Wall Material Thermal Conductivity, kw, (BTU/fthF) 30.3

Steam Tracer Information


Tracer Outer Radius (inches) 0.42
No Spacers Required

Insulation Information
Thermal Conductivity, k(ins), (BTU/fthF) 0.02856
Temperature Range (F) -45 to 390F
Average Insulation Temperature (F) 127

Outer Surface Information


Hottest Outside Surface Temperature (F) 126
Surface Film Coefficient, ho, (BTU/ft hF)
2
1.8

on, insulation thickness ok


ge for further information

owable Fluid Temperature


0
0
Before attempting to run the simulations, make sure your version of excel is configured as follows:
Selecting the cell will display instructions.

1 Install Solver
2 Make sure the macro function can use Solver

If at any time Solver reports an error message after a macro has been run, simply uninstall the Solver Add-In from the Add
Ins menu (found under Tools), and reinstall Solver as described under "Install Solver".

If the above has no effect on the outcome of the error message, try guessing another value for the insulation thickness. So
sometimes converges to different values depending on the initial starting value.
ll the Solver Add-In from the Add-

ue for the insulation thickness. Solver


SI units
Available Steam
Latent Heat (kJ/kg)
2082.4089247623

Pipes Bare
Reference 1 19 Cemented
Reference 2 8

Thermal conductivity, PFP, kw, (W/mK)


Temperature,K 298.15 398.15 498.15 kw
Stainless steel 16 17 19 16.1724789
Carbon steel 54 51 47 53.37532701
Copper 401 400 398 400.8275211
Brass 109 109 109 109
Aluminium 250 255 250 251.6666667
Iron 80 68 60 77.07236289

Thermal conductivity, Insu


Temperature, K 230 240 255 270 283.15
Fiberglass 0.032
Foam Glass 0.045 0.046666 0.0486915 0.050880017 0.0529307
Calcium silicate 0.0538
Rigid Polyurethane 0.024894325 0.0251241047 0.0254462747 0.025741445 0.025978
Cellular glass 0.046 0.048 0.051 0.052 0.0547
Rock Wool 40 kg/m 0.036
Rock Wool 60 kg/m 0.0346
Rock Wool 80 kg/m 0.038

Reference
1

Ambient Temperature
Wind speed (m/s) (km/h) q -10
0 0 0 18.2733746272 -9
1 3.6 0.05 30.8649554979 -8
2 7.2 0.1 -7
3 10.8 0.15 -6
4 14.4 0.2 -5
5 18 0.25 -4
6 21.6 0.3 -3
7 25.2 0.35 -2
8 28.8 0.4 -1
9 32.4 0.45 0
10 36 0.5 1
11 39.6 0.55 2
12 43.2 0.6 3
13 46.8 0.65 4
14 50.4 0.7 5
15 54 0.75 6
16 57.6 0.8 7
17 61.2 0.85 8
18 64.8 0.9 9
19 68.4 0.95 10
20 72 1 11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

Imperial Units

Available steam
Latent Heat (BTU/lbm)
902.7293984442

Pipes Bare
Reference 1 11 Cemented
Reference 2 8

Thermal conductivity, PFP, kw, (BTU/fthF)


Temperature,K 77 257 437 kw
Stainless steel 9.243212016 9.8209127672 10.9763142692 9.577236072
Carbon steel 31.19584055 29.462738302 27.1519352975 30.28807315
Copper 231.6580012 231.0803004 229.9248989024 231.3239771
Brass 62.96938186 62.96938186 62.9693818602 62.96938186
Aluminium 144.4251878 147.31369151 144.4251877527 145.3880223
Iron 46.21606008 39.283651069 34.6620450607 42.96220949

Thermal conductivity, Insu


Temperature, K 230 240 255 270 283.15
Fiberglass 0.032
Foam Glass 0.045 0.046666 0.0486915 0.050880017 0.0529307
Calcium silicate 0.0538
Rigid Polyurethane 0.024894325 0.0251241047 0.0254462747 0.025741445 0.025978
Cellular glass 0.046 0.048 0.051 0.052 0.0547
Rock Wool 40 kg/m 0.036
Rock Wool 60 kg/m 0.0346
Rock Wool 80 kg/m 0.038

Reference
6

Ambient Temperature
Wind speed (ft/s) q (BTU/hft2) -4
0 0 9.6355334535 -3
3 0.05 16.8984283408 -2
6 0.1 -1
9 0.15 0
12 0.2 1
15 0.25 2
18 0.3 3
21 0.35 4
24 0.4 5
27 0.45 6
30 0.5 7
33 0.55 8
36 0.6 9
39 0.65 10
42 0.7 11
45 0.75 12
48 0.8 13
51 0.85 14
54 0.9 15
57 0.95 16
60 1 17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
Amount of Tracers
1 Tracer OD OD (Inches) OD (mm)
2 " 0.672 17.0688
3 " 0.84 21.336
4 " 1.05 26.67
5 1" 1.315 33.401
Reference 2
Stainless Steel
Carbon Steel

Reference
1

hermal conductivity, Insulation material, kins


297.15 310.85 323.15 348.15 373.15
0.033 0.034314 0.037 0.04 0.044
0.05525 0.05765435 0.0599275 0.064880625 0.07028
0.054 0.055 0.056 0.0575 0.059582
0.026207 0.0264084 0.02657 0.0268425 0.02704
0.0578 0.0621 0.064 0.0674 0.070455
0.038 0.04 0.042 0.0475 0.054
0.0368 0.039 0.041 0.0448 0.048
0.039 0.04 0.041 0.0436 0.046

mbient Temperature Outputs


Ouputs: Bare

Other Information
Annulus Temperature (C) 81.3

Steam Information
Steam Temperature (C) 170.4148376
Steam Consumption (kg/h) 9.04

Process Fluid Pipe


Process Fluid Temperature (C) 47.60970443
Pipe Outer Radius (mm) 381.00
Pipe Wall Thickness (mm) 9.53
Pipe Inner Radius (mm) 371.48
Wall Material Thermal Conductivity, kw, (W/mK) 16.2

Steam Tracer Information


Tracer Outer Radius (mm) 10.67

Spacers Required

Insulation Information
Thermal Conductivity, k(ins), (W/mK) 0.03226
Temperature Range (C) 10 to 250C
Average Insulation Temperature (C) 25.97

Outer Surface Information


Hottest Outside Surface Temperature (C) 23.78
Surface Film Coefficient, ho, (W/mK) 8.9

Ouputs: Cemented

Other Information
Annulus Temperature (C) 111.6

Steam Information
Steam Temperature (C) 170.4148376
Steam Consumption (kg/h) 17.66

Process Fluid Pipe


Process Fluid Temperature (C) 109.76
Pipe Outer Radius (mm) 381.00
Pipe Wall Thickness (mm) 9.53
Pipe Inner Radius (mm) 371.48
Wall Material Thermal Conductivity, kw, (W/mK) 16.2

Steam Tracer Information


Tracer Outer Radius (mm) 10.67

Spacers Required

Insulation Information
Thermal Conductivity, k(ins), (W/mK) 0.03226
Temperature Range (C) 10 to 250C
Average Insulation Temperature (C) 54.49

Outer Surface Information


Hottest Outside Surface Temperature (C) -44.25
Surface Film Coefficient, ho, (W/mK) 9.8

L act (mm) 127.681195

Amount of Tracers Tracer OD OD (Inches) OD (mm)


1 " 0.672 17.0688
2 " 0.84 21.336
3 " 1.05 26.67
4 1" 1.315 33.401
5 Reference 2
Stainless Steel
Carbon Steel

Reference
2

hermal conductivity, Insulation material, kins, (BTU/fthF)


297.15 310.85 323.15 348.15 373.15
0.033 0.034314 0.037 0.04 0.044
0.05525 0.05765435 0.0599275 0.064880625 0.07028
0.054 0.055 0.056 0.0575 0.059582
0.026207 0.0264084 0.02657 0.0268425 0.02704
0.0578 0.0621 0.064 0.0674 0.070455
0.038 0.04 0.042 0.0475 0.054
0.0368 0.039 0.041 0.0448 0.048
0.039 0.04 0.041 0.0436 0.046

mbient Temperature Outputs


F Ouputs: Bare
Other Information
Annulus Temperature (F) 207.1

Steam Information
Steam Temperature (F) 327.82
Steam Consumption (lbm/h) 5.23

Process Fluid Pipe


Process Fluid Temperature (F) 166.38
Pipe Outer Radius (inches) 4.31
Pipe Wall Thickness (inches) 0.32
Pipe Inner Radius (inches) 3.99
Wall Material Thermal Conductivity, kw, (BTU/fthF) 30.3

Steam Tracer Information


Tracer Outer Radius (inches) 0.42

No Spacers Required

Insulation Information
Thermal Conductivity, k(ins), (BTU/fthF) 0.02856
Temperature Range (F) -45 to 390F
Average Insulation Temperature (F) 127.00

Outer Surface Information


Hottest Outside Surface Temperature (F) 126.14
Surface Film Coefficient, ho, (BTU/ft hF)
2
1.8

Ouputs: Cemented

Other Information
Annulus Temperature (F) 267.5

Steam Information
Steam Temperature (F) 327.82
Steam Consumption (lbm/h) 11.64

Process Fluid Pipe


Process Fluid Temperature (F) 290.32
Pipe Outer Radius (inches) 4.31
Pipe Wall Thickness (inches) 0.32
Pipe Inner Radius (inches) 3.99
Wall Material Thermal Conductivity, kw, (BTU/fthF) 30.3
Steam Tracer Information
Tracer Outer Radius (inches) 0.42

No Spacers Required

Insulation Information
Thermal Conductivity, k(ins), (BTU/fthF) 0.02856
Temperature Range (F) -45 to 390F
Average Insulation Temperature (F) 184.40

Outer Surface Information


Hottest Outside Surface Temperature (F) -25.87
Surface Film Coefficient, ho, (BTU/ft hF)
2
1.9

L act (inches) 2.696919514


Cement
0.21
0.2625
0.2625

398.15 423.15 448.15 473.15


0.047 0.052 0.057 0.062
0.076125625 0.0824175 0.089155625 0.09634
0.061 0.0635 0.066 0.068
0.0271625 0.02721 0.0271825 0.02708
0.0748 0.08 0.086 0.093
0.059 0.065 0.0739 0.085
0.053 0.058 0.062 0.065
0.05 0.055 0.059 0.064

k1 43.4087852033
k2 0.7534952968

acos((r1-r2)/(r1+r2)) 0.331591928 Starting Values Diff


Tsurf pipe bare C -7.9536939171 -7.9538749087 3.27579E-008
Tsurf pipe cement -6.840986003 -6.8411591276 0.00000003
Process fluid temp (Bare) 47.61 3.64558E-008
Process fluid temp (Cement) 109.7617983953 3.68482E-008
Solution converged to a satisfactory degree
0.000000136
Solution converged to a satisfactory degree

Please refer to Sheet "SI Version" or "Imperial Unit Version" again to continue.
Please refer to Sheet "SI Version" or "Imperial Unit Version" again to continue.
Do not change anything in this sheet, as it will cause the simulation to run incorrectly

c1 46.4841486483
c2 0.7555231307
c3 0.7254155893
NPS qt (W/mK)
" 34.4 60.2879608
" 34.4 60.2879608
1" 34.3 60.1127051
1" 34.3 60.1127051
2" 32.6 57.1333582
2" 31 54.329267
3" 29.1 50.9994087
3" 27.8 48.7210846
4" 26.9 47.1437833
6" 23.8 41.7108566
8" 21.5 37.6799755
10" 18.4 32.2470488
12" 14.6 25.5873322
14" 12.2 21.3811954
16" 9.8 17.1750586
18" 9.8 17.1750586
20" 9.8 17.1750586
24" 9.7 16.9998029
30" 9.7 16.9998029
36" 9.7 16.9998029
42" 9.6 16.8245472
48" 9.6 16.8245472
16.9998029

mm inch
Insthick 100.00 3.937007874

Cement
0.168
0.21
0.168

398.15 423.15 448.15 473.15


0.047 0.052 0.057 0.062
0.076125625 0.0824175 0.089155625 0.09634
0.061 0.0635 0.066 0.068
0.0271625 0.02721 0.0271825 0.02708
0.0748 0.08 0.086 0.093
0.059 0.065 0.0739 0.085
0.053 0.058 0.062 0.065
0.05 0.055 0.059 0.064

k1 26.2153837816
k2 0.2611514629
ctrl + r
acos((r1-r2)/(r1+r2)) 0.6049908005 Starting Values Diff
Tsurf pipe bare F 71.4699759029 71.4688436782 1.28193E-006
Tsurf pipe cement F 74.7397061083 74.7386835565 1.04561E-006
Process fluid temp Bare 166.3838289684 0.000000124
Process fluid temp Cement 290.3203644149 6.63474E-008
Solution converged to a satisfactory degree
2.51789E-006
Solution converged to a satisfactory degree

Please refer to Sheet "SI Version" or "Imperial Unit Version" again to continue.

c1 -106.2858584818
c2 0.0293689102
c3 3.01
NPS qt (BTU/fthF)
" 34.4
" 34.4
1" 34.3
1" 34.3
2" 32.6
2" 31
3" 29.1
3" 27.8
4" 26.9
6" 23.8
8" 21.5
10" 18.4
12" 14.6
14" 12.2
16" 9.8
18" 9.8
20" 9.8
24" 9.7
30" 9.7
36" 9.7
42" 9.6
48" 9.6
21.5

mm inch
Insthick 100.00 3.937007874

0.6049908005
1.5084626746
498.15 523.15 573.15 598.15 623.15 648.15 673.15
0.068 0.075
0.103970625 0.1120475
0.071 0.0742363 0.08 0.083 0.086 0.09 0.0928
0.0269025 0.02665 0.02592 0.025443 0.02489 0.024263 0.02356
- - - - - - -
0.097 0.118
0.069 0.072
0.069 0.0738

Bare
Cem

" again to continue.


" again to continue.
to run incorrectly
498.15 523.15 573.15 598.15 623.15 648.15 673.15
0.068 0.075
0.103970625 0.1120475
0.071 0.0742363 0.08 0.083 0.086 0.09 0.0928
0.0269025 0.02665 0.02592 0.025443 0.02489 0.024263 0.02356
- - - - - - -
0.097 0.118
0.069 0.072
0.069 0.0738
" again to continue.
698.15 723.15 748.15 773.15 823.15 873.15 923.15 KinsInterp
0.0322620254
0.0567621951
0.096 0.0999 0.104 0.108 0.116 0.126 0.137 0.0497506168
0.022783 0.02193 0.021003 0.02 0.01777 0.01524 0.01241 0.027271347
- - - - - - - 0.0584126621
0.0344060568
0.0371447253
0.037619819
698.15 723.15 748.15 773.15 823.15 873.15 923.15 KinsInterp(W/mK)
0.0407785044
0.0676950507
0.096 0.0999 0.104 0.108 0.116 0.126 0.137 0.0557542663
0.022783 0.02193 0.021003 0.02 0.01777 0.01524 0.01241 0.0265735378
- - - - - - - 0.0673852182
0.0494296511
0.0449284448
0.0449429486
Temp range
10 to 250C
-43 to 250C
10 to 650C
10 to 650C
-43 to 200C
-43 to 200C
10 to 250C
10 to 250C
Temp range Kins(BTU/fthF)
50 to 480F 0.0235577726
-45 to 480F 0.0391074816
50 to 1200F 0.0322092815
50 to 1200F 0.0153515527
-45 to 390F 0.0389284912
-45 to 390F 0.0285555466
50 to 480F 0.0259551963
50 to 480F 0.0259635751
Steam Table SI Units Steam Table Imperial Units
pressure temp Hf pressure temp H(latent)
kPa K kJ/kg psia deg F BTU/lb
6.895 311.894 2410.4 1 101.74 1036.35
13.79 325.411 2378.8 2 126.07 1022.74
20.685 333.967 2358.8 3 141.47 1014.14
27.58 340.35 2343.8 4 152.96 1007.71
34.475 345.506 2331.7 5 162.24 1002.52
41.37 349.844 2321.5 6 170.05 998.13
48.265 353.617 2312.6 7 176.84 994.306
55.16 356.961 2304.7 8 182.86 990.905
62.055 359.967 2297.6 9 188.27 987.84
68.95 362.711 2291.1 10 193.21 985.033
75.845 365.233 2285.1 11 197.75 982.445
82.74 367.572 2279.5 12 201.96 980.039
89.635 369.75 2274.2 13 205.88 977.791
96.53 371.794 2269.3 14 209.56 975.675
103.425 373.722 2264.7 15 213.03 973.675
110.32 375.55 2260.2 16 216.32 971.772
117.215 377.283 2256 17 219.44 969.963
124.11 378.933 2252 18 222.41 968.237
131.005 380.506 2248.2 19 225.24 966.587
137.9 382.017 2244.5 20 227.96 964.997
144.795 383.467 2240.9 21 230.57 963.468
151.69 384.856 2237.5 22 233.07 961.999
158.585 386.2 2234.2 23 235.49 960.574
165.48 387.494 2231 24 237.82 959.198
172.375 388.744 2227.9 25 240.07 957.867
179.27 389.956 2224.9 26 242.25 956.573
186.165 391.128 2222 27 244.36 955.319
193.06 392.267 2219.1 28 246.41 954.097
199.955 393.372 2216.4 29 248.4 952.908
206.85 394.45 2213.7 30 250.34 951.746
213.745 395.494 2211 31 252.22 950.618
220.64 396.511 2208.5 32 254.05 949.517
227.535 397.506 2206 33 255.84 948.439
234.43 398.472 2203.5 34 257.58 947.388
241.325 399.422 2201.1 35 259.29 946.352
248.22 400.344 2198.8 36 260.95 945.345
255.115 401.25 2196.5 37 262.58 944.355
262.01 402.133 2194.2 38 264.17 943.386
268.905 402.994 2192 39 265.72 942.44
275.8 403.844 2189.8 40 267.25 941.505
282.695 404.672 2187.7 41 268.74 940.591
289.59 405.489 2185.6 42 270.21 939.689
296.485 406.289 2183.6 43 271.65 938.803
303.38 407.072 2181.5 44 273.06 937.934
310.275 407.839 2179.5 45 274.44 937.082
317.17 408.594 2177.6 46 275.8 936.24
324.065 409.339 2175.7 47 277.14 935.41
330.96 410.067 2173.8 48 278.45 934.596
337.855 410.783 2171.9 49 279.74 933.794
344.75 411.494 2170 50 281.02 932.996
351.645 412.189 2168.2 51 282.27 932.216
358.54 412.872 2166.4 52 283.5 931.446
365.435 413.544 2164.7 53 284.71 930.688
372.33 414.206 2162.9 54 285.9 929.941
379.225 414.861 2161.2 55 287.08 929.199
386.12 415.506 2159.5 56 288.24 928.469
393.015 416.139 2157.8 57 289.38 927.75
399.91 416.761 2156.2 58 290.5 927.042
406.805 417.383 2154.5 59 291.62 926.333
413.7 417.989 2152.9 60 292.71 925.642
420.595 418.589 2151.3 61 293.79 924.956
427.49 419.183 2149.8 62 294.86 924.275
434.385 419.767 2148.2 63 295.91 923.606
441.28 420.344 2146.7 64 296.95 922.943
448.175 420.917 2145.1 65 297.98 922.284
455.07 421.478 2143.6 66 298.99 921.638
461.965 422.033 2142.1 67 299.99 920.996
468.86 422.589 2140.6 68 300.99 920.354
475.755 423.128 2139.2 69 301.96 919.73
482.65 423.667 2137.7 70 302.93 919.106
489.545 424.2 2136.3 71 303.89 918.486
496.44 424.722 2134.9 72 304.83 917.879
503.335 425.244 2133.5 73 305.77 917.271
510.23 425.756 2132.1 74 306.69 916.674
517.125 426.267 2130.7 75 307.61 916.077
524.02 426.767 2129.3 76 308.51 915.492
530.915 427.267 2128 77 309.41 914.906
537.81 427.756 2126.6 78 310.29 914.333
544.705 428.244 2125.3 79 311.17 913.758
551.6 428.728 2124 80 312.04 913.19
558.495 429.206 2122.7 81 312.9 912.627
565.39 429.678 2121.4 82 313.75 912.069
572.285 430.15 2120.1 83 314.6 911.511
579.18 430.611 2118.8 84 315.43 910.966
586.075 431.072 2117.5 85 316.26 910.419
592.97 431.528 2116.3 86 317.08 909.879
599.865 431.978 2115 87 317.89 909.344
606.76 432.422 2113.8 88 318.69 908.815
613.655 432.867 2112.6 89 319.49 908.286
620.55 433.306 2111.4 90 320.28 907.762
627.445 433.739 2110.2 91 321.06 907.245
634.34 434.172 2108.9 92 321.84 906.726
641.235 434.6 2107.8 93 322.61 906.214
648.13 435.022 2106.6 94 323.37 905.708
655.025 435.444 2105.4 95 324.13 905.201
661.92 435.861 2104.2 96 324.88 904.7
668.815 436.278 2103.1 97 325.63 904.198
675.71 436.683 2101.9 98 326.36 903.709
682.605 437.094 2100.8 99 327.1 903.213
689.5 437.494 2099.6 100 327.82 902.729
696.395 437.894 2098.5 101 328.54 902.245
703.29 438.294 2097.4 102 329.26 901.761
710.185 438.689 2096.3 103 329.97 901.282
717.08 439.078 2095.2 104 330.67 900.81
723.975 439.467 2094.1 105 331.37 900.337
730.87 439.85 2093 106 332.06 899.87
737.765 440.233 2091.9 107 332.75 899.403
744.66 440.617 2090.8 108 333.44 898.935
751.555 440.989 2089.8 109 334.11 898.48
758.45 441.367 2088.7 110 334.79 898.018
765.345 441.739 2087.6 111 335.46 897.562
772.24 442.106 2086.6 112 336.12 897.112
779.135 442.472 2085.5 113 336.78 896.662
786.03 442.833 2084.5 114 337.43 896.218
792.925 443.194 2083.5 115 338.08 895.774
799.82 443.556 2082.4 116 338.73 895.329
806.715 443.911 2081.4 117 339.37 894.89
813.61 444.267 2080.4 118 340.01 894.451
820.505 444.617 2079.4 119 340.64 894.018
827.4 444.967 2078.4 120 341.27 893.585
834.295 445.311 2077.4 121 341.89 893.158
841.19 445.656 2076.4 122 342.51 892.731
848.085 446 2075.4 123 343.13 892.303
854.98 446.339 2074.4 124 343.74 891.882
861.875 446.678 2073.4 125 344.35 891.46
868.77 447.011 2072.5 126 344.95 891.045
875.665 447.344 2071.5 127 345.55 890.629
882.56 447.678 2070.5 128 346.15 890.212
889.455 448.006 2069.6 129 346.74 889.803
896.35 448.333 2068.6 130 347.33 889.392
903.245 448.661 2067.7 131 347.92 888.982
910.14 448.983 2066.7 132 348.5 888.577
917.035 449.306 2065.8 133 349.08 888.173
923.93 449.622 2064.9 134 349.65 887.775
930.825 449.944 2063.9 135 350.23 887.369
937.72 450.256 2063 136 350.79 886.977
944.615 450.572 2062.1 137 351.36 886.578
951.51 450.883 2061.2 138 351.92 886.185
958.405 451.194 2060.3 139 352.48 885.792
965.3 451.506 2059.3 140 353.04 885.398
972.195 451.811 2058.4 141 353.59 885.011
979.09 452.117 2057.5 142 354.14 884.624
985.985 452.422 2056.6 143 354.69 884.236
992.88 452.722 2055.7 144 355.23 883.855
999.775 453.022 2054.9 145 355.77 883.474
1006.67 453.322 2054 146 356.31 883.092
1013.565 453.617 2053.1 147 356.84 882.717
1020.46 453.917 2052.2 148 357.38 882.334
1027.355 454.211 2051.3 149 357.91 881.958
1034.25 454.5 2050.5 150 358.43 881.589
1048.04 455.083 2048.7 152 359.48 880.842
1061.83 455.656 2047 154 360.51 880.108
1075.62 456.222 2045.3 156 361.53 879.38
1089.41 456.789 2043.6 158 362.55 878.651
1103.2 457.344 2042 160 363.55 877.934
1116.99 457.894 2040.3 162 364.54 877.223
1130.78 458.444 2038.7 164 365.53 876.511
1144.57 458.983 2037 166 366.5 875.812
1158.36 459.522 2035.4 168 367.47 875.111
1172.15 460.05 2033.8 170 368.42 874.424
1185.94 460.578 2032.2 172 369.37 873.735
1199.73 461.1 2030.6 174 370.31 873.053
1213.52 461.617 2029.1 176 371.24 872.376
1227.31 462.128 2027.5 178 372.16 871.706
1241.1 462.639 2025.9 180 373.08 871.034
1254.89 463.139 2024.4 182 373.98 870.376
1268.68 463.639 2022.9 184 374.88 869.716
1282.47 464.133 2021.3 186 375.77 869.063
1296.26 464.622 2019.8 188 376.65 868.416
1310.05 465.111 2018.3 190 377.53 867.768
1323.84 465.594 2016.8 192 378.4 867.126
1337.63 466.072 2015.4 194 379.26 866.49
1351.42 466.55 2013.9 196 380.12 865.853
1365.21 467.017 2012.4 198 380.96 865.23
1379 467.483 2011 200 381.8 864.606
1413.475 468.639 2007.4 205 383.88 863.056
1447.95 469.767 2003.8 210 385.91 861.537
1482.425 470.878 2000.3 215 387.91 860.035
1516.9 471.972 1996.9 220 389.88 858.549
1551.375 473.039 1993.5 225 391.8 857.095
1585.85 474.094 1990.1 230 393.7 855.65
1620.325 475.128 1986.8 235 395.56 854.231
1654.8 476.144 1983.6 240 397.39 852.829
1689.275 477.144 1980.4 245 399.19 851.445
1723.75 478.133 1977.2 250 400.97 850.071
1758.225 479.106 1974 255 402.72 848.715
1792.7 480.061 1970.9 260 404.44 847.378
1827.175 481 1967.8 265 406.13 846.059
1861.65 481.928 1964.8 270 407.8 844.752
1896.125 482.844 1961.8 275 409.45 843.455
1930.6 483.744 1958.8 280 411.07 842.178
1965.075 484.633 1955.9 285 412.67 840.912
1999.55 485.511 1953 290 414.25 839.658
2034.025 486.378 1950.1 295 415.81 838.416
2068.5 487.233 1947.2 300 417.35 837.185
2206.4 490.544 1936 320 423.31 832.384
2344.3 493.7 1925.3 340 428.99 827.752
2482.2 496.711 1914.9 360 434.41 823.278
2620.1 499.6 1904.8 380 439.61 818.936
2758 502.372 1895 400 444.6 814.722
2895.9 505.039 1885.4 420 449.4 810.625
3033.8 507.611 1876.1 440 454.03 806.632
3171.7 510.094 1867.1 460 458.5 802.738
3309.6 512.494 1858.2 480 462.82 798.937
3447.5 514.822 1849.6 500 467.01 795.215
3585.4 517.078 1841.1 520 471.07 791.576
3723.3 519.267 1832.8 540 475.01 788.012
3861.2 521.394 1824.7 560 478.84 784.517
3999.1 523.467 1816.7 580 482.57 781.084
4137 525.483 1808.9 600 486.2 777.715
4274.9 527.45 1801.2 620 489.74 774.402
4412.8 529.367 1793.6 640 493.19 771.148
4550.7 531.244 1786.1 660 496.57 767.936
4688.6 533.072 1778.8 680 499.86 764.785
4826.5 534.861 1771.6 700 503.08 761.677
4964.4 536.611 1764.5 720 506.23 758.616
5102.3 538.328 1757.4 740 509.32 755.591
5240.2 540.006 1750.5 760 512.34 752.613
5378.1 541.65 1743.7 780 515.3 749.675
5516 543.267 1736.9 800 518.21 746.767
5653.9 544.85 1730.2 820 521.06 743.899
5791.8 546.406 1723.6 840 523.86 741.064
5929.7 547.928 1717.1 860 526.6 738.272
6067.6 549.428 1710.7 880 529.3 735.503
6205.5 550.9 1704.3 900 531.95 732.768
6343.4 552.35 1698 920 534.56 730.059
6481.3 553.778 1691.8 940 537.13 727.374
6619.2 555.178 1685.6 960 539.65 724.727
6757.1 556.561 1679.5 980 542.14 722.096
6895 557.917 1673.5 1000 544.58 719.503
7239.75 561.222 1658.6 1050 550.53 713.118
7584.5 564.417 1644.1 1100 556.28 706.863
7929.25 567.494 1629.9 1150 561.82 700.758
8274 570.478 1615.9 1200 567.19 694.764
8618.75 573.361 1602.3 1250 572.38 688.9
8963.5 576.161 1588.9 1300 577.42 683.138
9308.25 578.883 1575.7 1350 582.32 677.471
9653 581.522 1562.8 1400 587.07 671.915
9997.75 584.094 1550.1 1450 591.7 666.441
10342.5 586.594 1537.6 1500 596.2 661.064
11032 591.411 1513.1 1600 604.87 650.546
11721.5 596 1489.3 1700 613.13 640.327
12411 600.383 1466.2 1800 621.02 630.382
13100.5 604.572 1443.7 1900 628.56 620.709
13790 608.594 1421.7 2000 635.8 611.261
14479.5 612.461 1400.3 2100 642.76 602.03
15169 616.178 1379.3 2200 649.45 593.017
15858.5 619.756 1358.8 2300 655.89 584.21
16548 623.211 1338.7 2400 662.11 575.581
17237.5 626.544 1319.1 2500 668.11 567.141
17927 629.767 1299.9 2600 673.91 558.872
18616.5 632.889 1281 2700 679.53 550.755
19306 635.906 1262.5 2800 684.96 542.815
19995.5 638.828 1244.4 2900 690.22 535.031
20685 641.667 1226.6 3000 695.33 527.379
800 443.565 2082.4 100 327.82 902.729

Ref P T H Ref P T H
116 799.82 443.556 2082.4 100 100 327.82 902.729
117 806.715 443.911 2081.4 101 101 328.54 902.245
PIPE INTERNAL DIA

PIPE SIZE OD SCH 5S SCH 10 SCH 10S SCH 20 SCH 30 SCH 40


5S 10 10S 20 30 40
" 21.336 18.034 - 17.12 - - 15.799
" 26.67 23.368 - 22.454 - - 20.93
1" 33.401 30.099 - 27.864 - - 26.645
1" 48.26 44.958 - 42.723 - - 40.894
2" 60.325 57.023 - 54.788 - - 52.501
2" 73.025 68.809 - 66.929 - - 62.713
3" 88.9 84.684 - 82.804 - - 77.927
3" 101.6 97.384 - 95.504 - - 90.12
4" 114.3 110.084 - 108.204 - - 102.26
6" 168.28 162.742 - 161.472 - - 154.056
8" 219.08 213.542 - 211.562 206.38 205.008 202.722
10" 273.05 266.242 - 264.668 260.35 257.454 254.508
12" 323.85 315.936 314.71 311.15 307.086 303.226
14" 355.6 347.676 342.9 346.05 339.75 336.55 333.35
16" 406.4 398.018 393.7 396.85 390.55 387.35 381
18" 457.2 448.818 444.5 447.65 441.35 434.95 428.65
20" 508 498.45 495.3 496.93 488.95 482.6 477.824
24" 609.6 598.526 596.9 596.9 590.554 581.05 574.654
30" 762 748.73 746.158 746.15 736.678 730.25 -
42" 1066.8 - - - - -
48" 1219.2 - - - - -

PIPE SIZE Radius OD SCH SCH SCH SCH SCH SCH


5S 10 10S 20 30 40
" 10.668 21.336 1.651 - 2.108 - - 2.769
" 13.335 26.67 1.651 - 2.108 - - 2.87
1" 16.7005 33.401 1.651 - 2.769 - - 3.378
1" 24.13 48.26 1.651 - 2.769 - - 3.683
2" 30.1625 60.325 1.651 - 2.769 - - 3.912
2" 36.5125 73.025 2.108 - 3.048 - - 5.156
3" 44.45 88.9 2.108 - 3.048 - - 5.487
3" 50.8 101.6 2.108 - 3.048 - - 5.74
4" 57.15 114.3 2.108 - 3.048 - - 6.02
6" 84.14 168.28 2.769 - 3.404 - - 7.112
8" 109.54 219.08 2.769 - 3.759 6.35 7.036 8.179
10" 136.525 273.05 3.404 - 4.191 6.35 7.798 9.271
12" 161.9 323.8 3.962 - 4.572 6.35 8.382 10.312
14" 177.8 355.6 3.962 6.35 4.775 7.925 9.525 11.125
16" 203.2 406.4 4.191 6.35 4.775 7.925 9.525 12.7
18" 228.6 457.2 4.191 6.35 4.775 7.925 11.125 14.275
20" 254.179 508.358 4.775 6.35 5.537 9.525 12.7 15.088
24" 304.827 609.654 5.537 6.35 6.35 9.525 14.275 17.475
30" 381.289 762.578 6.635 7.925 7.925 12.7 15.875 -
36" 457.2145 914.429 - 7.925 - 12.7 15.875 19.05
42" 533.4 1066.8 - - - - - -
48" 609.62 1219.24 - - - - - -

MINIMUM ALLOWABLE PIPE W

PIPE SIZE OD SCH SCH SCH SCH SCH SCH


5S 10 10S 20 30 40
" 21.336 1.3974 - 1.3974 - - 1.3974
" 26.67 1.461 - 1.461 - - 1.461
1" 33.401 1.5413 - 1.5413 - - 1.5413
1" 48.26 1.7185 - 1.7185 - - 1.7185
2" 60.325 1.8625 - 1.8625 - - 1.8625
2" 73.025 2.014 - 2.014 - - 2.014
3" 88.902 2.2034 - 2.2034 - - 2.2034
3" 101.6 2.3548 - 2.3548 - - 2.3548
4" 114.3 2.5063 - 2.5063 - - 2.5063
6" 168.28 3.1502 - 3.1502 - - 3.1502
8" 219.08 3.7562 - 3.7562 3.7562 3.7562 3.7562
10" 273.05 4.4 - 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4
12" 323.8 5.0054 - 5.0054 5.0054 5.0054 5.0054
14" 355.6 5.3847 5.3847 5.3847 5.3847 5.3847 5.3847
16" 406.4 5.9907 5.9907 5.9907 5.9907 5.9907 5.9907
18" 457.2 6.5967 6.5967 6.5967 6.5967 6.5967 6.5967
20" 508.358 7.207 7.207 7.207 7.207 7.207 7.207
24" 609.654 8.4153 8.4153 8.4153 8.4153 8.4153 8.4153
30" 762.578 10.2395 10.2395 10.2395 10.2395 10.2395 -
36" 914.429 - 12.0509 - 12.0509 12.0509 12.0509
42" 1066.8 - - - - - -
48" 1219.24 - - - - - -
PIPE INTERNAL DIAMETER (mm)

SCH 40S STD SCH 60 SCH 80 SCH 80S XS SCH 100 SCH 120 SCH 140
40S 60 80 80S 100 120 140
15.799 15.799 - 13.868 13.868 13.868 - - -
20.93 20.93 - 18.847 18.847 18.847 - - -
26.645 26.645 - 24.308 24.308 24.308 - - -
40.894 40.894 - 38.1 38.1 38.1 - - -
52.501 52.501 - 49.251 49.251 49.251 - - -
62.713 62.713 - 59.005 59.004 59.005 - - -
77.927 77.927 - 73.66 73.66 73.66 - - -
90.12 90.12 - 85.446 85.446 85.446 - - -
102.26 102.26 - 97.18 97.18 97.18 - 92.05 -
154.056 154.056 - 146.334 146.33 146.334 - 139.73 -
202.722 202.722 198.456 193.68 193.68 193.68 188.904 182.554 177.83
254.508 254.508 247.65 242.874 247.5 247.65 236.524 230.174 222.25
304.8 304.8 295.3 288.9 298.5 298.45 280.974 273.05 266.7
- 336.55 325.424 317.5 - 330.2 307.95 300.024 292.1
- 387.35 373.076 363.524 - 381 354.026 344.474 333.35
- 438.15 419.1 409.55 - 431.8 398.476 387.35 377.85
- 488.95 466.75 455.626 - 482.6 442.926 431.8 419.1
- 590.55 560.374 547.674 - 584.2 531.826 517.55 504.85
- 742.95 - - - 736.6 - - -
- 1047.75 - - - 1041.4 - - -
- 1200.15 - - - 1193.8 - - -

PIPE WALL THICKNESS (mm)

SCH STD SCH SCH SCH XS SCH SCH SCH


40S 60 80 80S 100 120 140
2.769 2.769 - 3.734 3.734 3.734 - - -
2.87 2.87 - 3.912 3.912 3.912 - - -
3.378 3.378 - 4.547 4.547 4.547 - - -
3.683 3.683 - 5.08 5.08 5.08 - - -
3.912 3.912 - 5.537 5.537 5.537 - - -
5.156 5.156 - 7.01 7.011 7.01 - - -
5.487 5.487 - 7.62 7.62 7.62 - - -
5.74 5.74 - 8.077 8.077 8.077 - - -
6.02 6.02 - 8.56 8.56 8.56 - 11.125 -
7.112 7.112 - 10.973 10.975 10.973 - 14.275 -
8.179 8.179 10.312 12.7 12.7 12.7 15.088 18.263 20.625
9.271 9.271 12.7 15.088 12.775 12.7 18.263 21.438 25.4
9.525 9.525 14.275 17.475 12.675 12.7 21.438 25.4 28.575
- 9.525 15.088 19.05 - 12.7 23.825 27.788 31.75
- 9.525 16.662 21.438 - 12.7 26.187 30.963 36.525
- 9.525 19.05 23.825 - 12.7 29.362 34.925 39.675
- 9.525 20.625 26.187 - 12.7 32.537 38.1 44.45
- 9.525 24.613 30.963 - 12.7 38.887 46.025 52.375
- 9.525 - - - 12.7 - - -
- 9.525 - - - 12.7 - - -
- 9.525 - - - 12.7 - - -
- 9.525 - - - 12.7 - - -

MINIMUM ALLOWABLE PIPE WALL THICKNESS (mm)

SCH STD SCH SCH SCH XS SCH SCH SCH


40S 60 80 80S 100 120 140
1.3974 1.3974 - 1.3974 1.3974 1.3974 - - -
1.461 1.461 - 1.461 1.461 1.461 - - -
1.5413 1.5413 - 1.5413 1.5413 1.5413 - - -
1.7185 1.7185 - 1.7185 1.7185 1.7185 - - -
1.8625 1.8625 - 1.8625 1.8625 1.8625 - - -
2.014 2.014 - 2.014 2.014 2.014 - - -
2.2034 2.2034 - 2.2034 2.2034 2.2034 - - -
2.3548 2.3548 - 2.3548 2.3548 2.3548 - - -
2.5063 2.5063 - 2.5063 2.5063 2.5063 - 2.5063 -
3.1502 3.1502 - 3.1502 3.1502 3.1502 - 3.1502 -
3.7562 3.7562 3.7562 3.7562 3.7562 3.7562 3.7562 3.7562 3.7562
4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4
5.0054 5.0054 5.0054 5.0054 5.0054 5.0054 5.0054 5.0054 5.0054
- 5.3847 5.3847 5.3847 - 5.3847 5.3847 5.3847 5.3847
- 5.9907 5.9907 5.9907 - 5.9907 5.9907 5.9907 5.9907
- 6.5967 6.5967 6.5967 - 6.5967 6.5967 6.5967 6.5967
- 7.207 7.207 7.207 - 7.207 7.207 7.207 7.207
- 8.4153 8.4153 8.4153 - 8.4153 - 8.4153 8.4153
- 10.2395 - - - 10.2395 - - -
- 12.0509 - - - 12.0509 - - -
- 13.8685 - - - 13.8685 - - -
- 15.6869 - - - 15.6869 - - -
Author: J.A.B. de Lange (in collaboration with C. Haslego)
SCH 160 XXS
160
11.786 6.401
15.545 11.024
20.701 15.215
33.986 27.94
42.849 38.177
53.975 44.983
66.65 58.42
- -
87.326 80.06
131.754 124.388
173.056 174.63
215.9 222.25
257.2 273.05
284.176 -
325.424 -
366.726 -
400.05 -
490.524 -
- -
- -
- -

SCH XXS
160
4.775 7.468
5.563 7.823
6.35 9.093
7.137 10.16
8.738 11.074
9.525 14.021
11.125 15.24
- -
13.487 17.12
18.263 21.946
23.012 22.225
28.575 25.4
33.325 25.4
35.712 -
40.488 -
45.237 -
53.975 -
59.538 -
- -
- -
- -
- -

SCH XXS
160
1.3974 1.3974
1.461 1.461
1.5413 1.5413
1.7185 1.7185
1.8625 1.8625
2.014 2.014
2.2034 2.2034
- -
2.5063 2.5063
3.1502 3.1502
3.7562 3.7562
4.4 4.4
5.0054 5.0054
5.3847 -
5.9907 -
6.5967 -
7.207 -
8.4153 -
- -
- -
- -
- -