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100REALTIMEVMWAREinterviewQuestionsandAnswers

100REALTIMEVMWAREINTERVIEWQUESTIONSAND
ANSWERS

VMWAREinterviewQuestionsand
Answers:
CLICKHEREforVMWAREMCQs

(http://interviewquestionsanswerspdf.com/2016/08/vmwaremultiplechoice
questionsanswers/)

1.WhatisVMware?

VMware(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/VMware),Inc.isanAmericancompany

thatprovidescloudandvirtualizationsoftwareandservices,andclaimstobethe
firsttosuccessfullyvirtualizethex86architecturecommercially.Foundedin1998,
VMwareisbasedinPaloAlto,California.

2.Whatisvirtualization?
Virtualizationisaprovensoftwaretechnologythatmakesitpossibletorunmultiple
operatingsystemsandapplicationsonthesameserveratthesametime.Its
transformingtheITlandscapeandfundamentallychangingthewaythatpeople

utilizetechnology.
3.WhatdoyouunderstandbyVirtualMachine?

Avirtualcomputersystemsisknownasvirtualmachine(VM):atightly

isolatedsoftwarecontainerwithanoperatingsystemandapplicationinside.
EachselfcontainedVMiscompletelyindependent.PuttingmultipleVMson
asinglecomputerenablesseveraloperatingsystemsandapplicationstorunon
justonephysicalserver,orhost.
4.WhatarethekeypropertiesofaVirtualMachine?

Partitioning

Runmultipleoperatingsystemsononephysicalmachine
Dividesystemresourcesbetweenvirtualmachines
Isolation
Providefaultandsecurityisolationatthehardwarelevel

Preserveperformancewithadvancedresourcecontrols

Encapsulation
Savetheentirestateofavirtualmachinetofiles

Moveandcopyvirtualmachinesaseasilyasmovingandcopyingfiles
HardwareIndependence

Provisionormigrateanyvirtualmachinetoanyphysicalserver
5.WhatarethemainadvantageofVMWareVsphere?

EnsurebusinesscontinuityandalwaysavailableIT
ReduceIThardwareandoperatingcosts

Improveapplicationquality
Enhancedsecurityanddataprotection
vmwareinterviewQuestions

6.WhatisDataStore?

Datastorerepresentsastoragelocationforvirtualmachinefiles.ItcanbeaVirtual
MachineFile

System(VMFS)volume,adirectoryonNetworkAttachedStorage,oralocalfile

systempath.

7.WhatisVMwareDRS?
VMwareDRSstandsforDistributedResourceScheduleritdynamicallybalances

resourcesacrossvarioushostunderclusterorresourcepool.Itenablesusersto
determinetherulesandpolicieswhichdecidehowvirtualmachinesdeploy

resources,andtheseresourcesshouldbeprioritizedtomultiplevirtualmachines.

8.WhenusingESXihypervisorarchitecture,howtomonitorhardware

onvSpherehost?
vSpheresupportsCIMAPIandSNMPv2,withoutinstallingagentstoenable

hardwaremonitoring.HardwaremonitoringtoolscanmonitorthroughvCenter

consoleandmajorhardwareprovidedbyOEMvendors.

9.WhatisVMwareDPM?

VMwareDistributedPowerManagement(DPM)isapioneeringnewfeatureof
VMwareDRSthatcontinuouslymonitorsresourcerequirementsinaVMwareDRS

cluster.Whenresourcerequirementsoftheclusterdecreaseduringperiodsoflow
usage,VMwareDPMconsolidatesworkloadstoreducepowerconsumptionbythe

cluster.Whenresourcerequirementsofworkloadsincreaseduringperiodsofhigher

usage,VMwareDPMbringspowereddownhostsbackonlinetoensureservicelevels

aremet.

10.WhenyouvisitcertainWebsites,therequestisconnectionwas

resetthereport,thenwhatistheprincipleofconnectionisreset?
Thenatureoftheconnectionisreset,becauseithasreceivedaTCPResetpacket

damageconnected

11.VMwareESXisstillprovidingsupportforthearchitecture?

VMwarewillfollowVMwarevSpheresupportpolicytocontinuetoprovidetechnical

supportforESXarchitecture.

12.HowcanIevaluateVMwarevSphere?

TheeasiestwaytoevaluateVMwarevSphereistodownloadandinstallthefree
vSphereHypervisorversion.Inaddition,youcanalsousevSphereassessment.

13.WhenusingtheESXiarchitecture,UpdateManagerwhetherto
repairmyvSpherehost?

VMwarevCenterUpdateManagerwillbeupdatedtorunESXihost.Inadditionto

VMwareUpdateManagerenvironmentprovidesnotinstalledtheupdateutility.

14.WhatistheESXiShell?

ESXiShellisacommandlineinterfacetorundiagnosticsandrepairofvSphere

ESXihosts.ESXiShellbyDCUIorthroughvCenterServertoenableanddisable,
andcanalsobeaccessedremotelyviaSSH.Formoreinformation,seetheESXi

Managementpage.

15.WhataretheadvantageanddisadvantagesofVMWareworkstation?

Advantage:
VMwareWorkstationvirtualmachinecapability,performanceandphysical
isolationisverygood!

VMwareWorkstationfeaturesaverycomprehensive,computerprofessionals

tendtouse!

VMwareWorkstationissimpleinterfaceforusersofvariousfieldsof

computer!
Disadvantages:

VMwareWorkstationbulky,longerinstallationtimeconsuming!

VMwareWorkstationoccupyalargerphysicalmachineresourceswhenusing!

16.CanwedovMotionbetweentwodatacenters?Ifpossiblehowitwill

be?

YeswecandovMotionbetweentwodatacenters,butthemandatoryrequirementis
theVMshouldbepoweredoff.

17.WhatisVCagent?andwhatserviceitiscorrespondedto?Whatare

theminimumreqsforVCagentinstallation?

VCagentisanagentinstalledonESXserverwhichenablescommunicationbetween

VCandESXserver.

Thedaemonassociatedwithitiscalledvmwarehostd,andtheservicewhich
correspondstoitiscalledasmgmtvmware,intheeventofVCagentfailurejust

restarttheservicebytypingthefollowingcommandattheserviceconsoleservice

mgmtvmwarerestart

VCagentinstalledontheESXserverwhenweaddittotheVC,soatthetimeof
installtionifyouaregettinganerrorlikeVCAgentservicefailedtoinstall,check

the/Optsizewhetheritissufficientornot.
18.HowcanyoueditVIClientSettingsandVCServerSettings?

ClickEditMenuonVCandSelectClientSettingstochangeVIsettings
ClickAdministrationMenuonVCandSelectVCManagementServerConfiguration

toChangeVCSettings

19.WhatarethefilesthatmakeaVirtualMachine?

.vmxVirtualMachineConfigurationFile

.nvramVirtualMachineBIOS

.vmdkVirtualMachineDiskfile
.vswpVirtualMachineSwapFile

.vmsdVirtualMAchineSnapshotDatabase

.vmsnVirtualMachineSnapshotfile

.vmssVirtualMachineSuspendedStatefile

.vmware.logCurrentLogFile
.vmware#.logOldLogfile

20.WhatarethedevicesthatcanbeaddedwhilethevirtualMachine

running
InVI3.5wecanaddHardDiskandNICswhilethemachinerunning.

InvSphere4.0wecanaddMemoryandProcessoralongwithHDDandNICswhile

themachinerunning

21.HowtosetthetimedelayforBIOSscreenforaVirtualMachine?

RightClickonVM,selecteditsettings,chooseoptionstabandselectbootoption,set

thedelayhowmuchyouwant.

22.Whatisatemplate?

WecanconvertaVMintoTemplate,anditcannotbepoweredononceitschanged

totemplate.ThisisusedtoquickprovisioningofVMs.
23.Whattodotocustomizethewindowsvirtualmachineclone,?

copythesysprepfilestoVirtualcenterdirectoryontheserver,sothatthewizardwill

taketheadvantageofit.

24.Whattodotocustomizethelinux/unixvirtualmachineclone,?

VCitselfincludesthecustomizationtools,astheseoperatingsystemsareavailableas

opensource.

25.Doescloningfromtemplatehappensbetweentwodatacenters?

Yes..itcan,ifthetemplateinonedatacenter,wecandeploythevmfromthat

templateinanotherdatacenterwithoutanyproblem.

26.Whatarethecommonissueswithsnapshots?Whatstopsfromtakingasnapshot

andhowtofixit?

IfyouconfiguretheVMwithMappedLUNs,thenthesnapshotfailed.Ifitis

mappedasvirtualthenwecantakeasnapshotofit.

IfyouconfiguretheVMwithMappedLUNsasphysical,youneedtoremoveitto
takeasnapshot.

27.Whatarethesettingsthataretakenintotoconsiderationwhenweinitiatea

snapshot?

VirtualMachineConfiguration(Whathardwareisattachedtoit)

StateoftheVirtualMachineHardDiskfile(Torevertbackifneeded)

StateoftheVirtualMachineMemory(ifitispoweredon)

28.WhataretherequirementsforConvertingaPhysicalmachinetoVM?

AnagentneedstobeinstalledonthePhysicalmachine

VIclientneedstobeinstalledwithConverterPlugin

Aservertoimport/exportvirtualmachines
29.WhatisVMWareconsolidatedbackup?

Itisabackupframework,thatsupports3rdpartyutilitiestotakebackupsofESX

serversandVirtualMachines.Itsnotabackupservice.

30.Toopentheguidedconsolidationtool,whataretheuserrequirements?

Theusermustbememberofadministrator,TheusershouldhaveLogonasservice

privilegesTogiveausertheseprivileges,openlocalsecpolicy,selectLogonas

servicepolicyandaddtheusertheusershouldhavereadaccesstoADtosend
queries

31.ExplainthephysicaltopologyofVirtualInfrastructure3DataCentre?
atypicalVMwareInfrastructuredatacenterconsistsofbasicphysicalbuilding

blockssuchasx86computingservers,storagenetworksandarrays,IPnetworks,a

managementserveranddesktopclients.

32.HowdoyouconfigureClusters,Hosts,andResourcePoolsinVI3?

Aclusterisagroupofserversworkingtogethercloselyasasingleserver,toprovide

highavailability,loadbalancingandhighperformance.Ahostisasinglex86

computingserverwithindividualcomputingandmemoryresources.Resourcepools

areallocationoftheavailableresourcesintopiecesfortheproperdistribution.

33.Whatareresourcepools&whatstheadvantageofimplementingthem?

AVMwareESXResourcepoolisapoolofCPUandmemoryresources.Insidethe

pool,resourcesareallocatedbasedontheCPUandmemorysharesthataredefined.

Thispoolcanhaveassociatedaccesscontrolandpermissions.Clearmanagementof
resourcestothevirtualmachines.

34.ExplainwhyVMwareESXServerispreferredoverVirtualServerorWorkstation

forenterpriseimplementation?

Forbetterresourcemanagementasithasavirtualizationlayerinvolvedinitskernel,
whichcommunicateswiththehardwaredirectly.

35.InwhatdifferentscenariosormethodscanyoumanageaVI3?

UsingtheVirtualInfrastructureClientwecanmanageoneesxserver,usingvirtual

centerwecanmanagemorethan1esxserver..andalsowecanuseserviceconsoleto
manageit.

http://searchvmware.techtarget.com/tip/0,289483,sid179_gci1280576_mem1,00.html

36.ExplainthedifferencebetweenaccessthroughVirtualInfrastructureClient(vi

client),Webaccess,ServiceConsoleaccess(ssh)?

UsingVIClientwecanaccesstheESXserveraswellasVirtualCenterServeralso,

herewecanuseunixtypeofauthenticationorwindowstypeauthentication.Butto

accesstheserviceconsole,weshoulduseunixtypeofauthenticationpreferablyeven

thoughwecanaccesstheserviceconsolethroughadauthenticationusingesxcfg

auth,butitdoesnotsupportallfunctionstoworkon,allthefunctionsareavailable

onlywithrootaccountwhichisbasedonredhatLinuxkernel.Usingthewebaccess
alsowecanmanagevirtualcenteraswellasasinglehost.Butalltheenterprise

featuresarenotsupported.

ConsoleaccesstotheServiceConsole

Thedisadvantagestothismodeare

youmustbeattheconsole(orconnectusinganIPKVM)and

youmustknowLinuxtoaccomplishyourtask(noGUI).

SSHtotheServiceConsole

YoucanSSHtotheconsolepromptofanESXserverandreceivethesameLinuxtext

consoleaccessasIshowedabove.Telnetisnotallowed.Tousethismethod,theESX

servermustbeworkingonthenetworkandyoumusthaveanSSHclientonyourPC

toconnect.Again,inthismode,youdontgetaGUIinterface.
VMwareVirtualInfrastructure(VI)WebAccesstotheESXServer

ThisistheVMwareVIWebAccessinterface.Thebenefittousingthisisthatyouget

aGUIclientforyourESXserverwithouthavingtoinstallaclientonyourlocal

machine.ThedownsidetothewebinterfaceisthatyoucanonlyperformbasicESX

functionslikecontrollingexistingmachines(start/stop/pause)andconsoleremote

access.YoucannotaddnewVMs,workwithVMstorage,orVMnetworks.Still,this

isagreatinterfaceifyoujustneedtocheckthestatusofyourESXVMs,restarta

VM,oruseconsoleremotecontrol.

VMwareVirtualInfrastructureClient(VIClient)totheServer

ThebenefitstotheVIclientarethatyouhavefullaccesstodowhateverisneededon

theESXServerandyougetaGUIclienttodoitin.Theonlydownsideisthatyou

mustinstalltheVIclientapplicationtodothis.However,theinstallationis
negligibleandtheVIclientistheabsolutebestwaytoadministeryourESXServer.

VMwareVirtualInfrastructureClient(VIClient)totheVirtualCenterServer(VC

Server)

FromthisVIVCinterface,youcanmanageallESXservers,VMstorage,VM

networks,andmore.VirtualCenter,ofcourse,isanoptionalproductthatrequires

additionallicensesandhardware.

37.ExplainadvantagesorfeaturesofVMwareVirtualMachineFileSystem(VMFS)?

Itsaclusteredfilesystem,excellentsupportforsharingbetweenESXserversina

cluster.

Features

AllowsaccessbymultipleESXServersatthesametimebyimplementingperfile

locking.SCSIReservationsareonlyimplementedwhenLUNmetadataisupdated

(e.g.filenamechange,filesizechange,etc.)
AddordeleteanESXServerfromaVMwareVMFSvolumewithoutdisruptingother

ESXServerhosts.

LVMallowsforadaptiveblocksizingandaddressingforgrowingfilesallowsyouto

increaseaVMFSvolumeonthefly(byspanningmultipleVMFSvolumes)
WithESX/ESXi4VMFSvolumesalsocanbeexpandedusingLUNexpansion

OptimizeyourvirtualmachineI/Owithadjustablevolume,disk,fileandblocksizes.

Recovervirtualmachinesfasterandmorereliablyintheeventofserverfailurewith

Distributedjournaling.

Limitations

Canbesharedwithupto32ESXServers.

CansupportLUNswithmaxsizeof2TBandamaxVMFSsizeof64TBasofversion

4(vSphere).

ThereisaVMFS3limitationwhereeachtreeoflinkedclonescanonlyberunon8

ESXservers.Forinstance,ifthereisatreeofdisksoffthesamebasediskwith40

leafnodesinthetree,all40leafnodescanbesimultaneouslyrunbuttheycanonly
runonupto8ESXhosts.

VMFS3limitsfilesto262,144(218)blocks,whichtranslatesto256GBfor1MB

blocksizes(thedefault)upto2TBfor8MBblocksizes.

38.WhatarethetypesofdatastoressupportedinESX3.5?

iSCSIdatastores,FCSANdatastores,LocalVMFS,NASandNFS

39.HowcanyouconfigurethesedifferenttypesofdatastoresonESX3.5?

IfwehaveFCcardsinstalledontheesxservers,bygoingtothestorageoption,we

canscanfortheluns.

40.WhatisVmwareConsolidateBackup(VCB)?Explainyourworkexposureinthis

area?

VMwareConsolidatedBackupisabackupframework,whichenables3rdpartytools
totakebackups.VCBisusedtohelpyoubackupyourVMwareESXvirtualservers.

Essentially,VCBisabackupproxyserver.Itisnotbackupsoftware.Ifyouuse

VCB,youstillneedbackupsoftware.Itiscommonlyinstalledonitsowndedicated

Windowsphysicalserver.

HerearethebenefitsofVMwaresVCB:

CentralizebackupsofVMwareESXVirtualServers
ProvidefilelevelbackupsofVMwareESXVirtualServersbothfulland
incremental(filelevelbackupavailabletoonlyWindowsguests)

Provideimagelevelbackups
PreventyoufromhavingtoloadabackupagentoneveryVirtualMachine

PreventyoufromhavingtoshutdownVirtualMachinestogetabackup
ProvidesLANFreebackupbecausetheVCBserverisconnectedtotheSANthrough

yourfibrechanneladaptor
ProvidescentralizedstorageofVirtualServerbackupsontheVCBserver,thatis

thenmovedtoyourbackuptapesthroughthe3rdpartybackupagentyouinstall
ReducestheloadontheVMwareESXserversbynothavingtoloada3rdparty
backupagentoneithertheVMwareESXserviceconsoleoroneachvirtualmachine.

UtilizesVMwareSnapshots
Basically,hereishowVCBworks:

Ifyouaredoingafilelevelbackup,VCBdoesasnapshotoftheVM,mountsthe
snapshot,andallowsyoutobackupthatmounteddrivethroughVCBtoyour3rd

partybackupsoftware
IfyouaredoinganimagelevelbackupoftheVM,VCBdoesasnapshotoftheVM,

copiesthesnapshottotheVCBserver,unsnapstheVM,andallowsyoutobackup
thecopiedsnapshotimagewithyour3rdpartybackupsoftware.
41.HowdoyouconfigureVMwareVirtualCentreManagementServerforHA&DRS
?Whataretheconditionstobesatisfiedforthissetup?
HA&DRSarethepropertiesofaCluster.AClustercanbecreatedonlywhenmore

thanonehostadded,inthatcaseweneedtoconfigureHA&DRSaswelltoprovide
HighAvailabilityandLoadbalancingbetweenhostsandforthevirtualmachines.

42.Explainyourworkrelatedtobelowterms:

VMProvisioning:VirtualMachineCreation.Alarms&EventManagement:Alarms
areusedtoknowthestatusoftheresourceusageforaVM.Eventsareusedmonitor

thetasksthataretakenplaceontheesxserversorinthevirtualcenterTask
Scheduler:Taskscheduler,ifyouwanttoscheduleataskitwillbeused,forexample

ifyouwantmoveonevmfromonehosttoanotherhostorifyouwant
shutdown/rebootavmetc.
HardwareCompatibilityList:whatarethehardwarethatcompatiblewithESXOS.

43.WhatSANorNASboxeshaveyouconfiguredVMwarewith?Howdidyoudo

that?
StorageteamwillprovidetheLUNinformation,withthatwewilladdthoseLUNsto

ESXhostsfromVMstorage.

44.WhatkindofapplicationsorsetupsyouhaveonyouVirtualMachines?
ExchangeserverandSharePoint,buttheseareforDEMOpurposes,Cirtrix

presentationserversetc.

45.HaveyoueverfacedESXservercrashingandVirtualCentreServercrash?How
doyouknowthecauseofthesecrashesinthesecases?

Pleasesendmetheanswerifanyoneknowsaboutthis,Iwillupdatethedoc.
charan@isupportyou.net
46.WillHAworkifVirtualCenterServerisdown?

A1)HAcontinuestoworkifVCisdowntheagentsareinitiallyconfiguredby
virtualcenter,butHAoperationsarecontrolledbylocalagentsonESX.VCdoes

NOTmonitortheESXserversforHA.ESXserversmonitoreachother.
DRSdonotworkwhileVCisdown.

A2)ForDRS,theconfigandlogiciscompletelyinVC.

ForHA,onlytheconfigisinVC.Thelogicisintheserviceconsoles,andthatswhere
thereactioniscomingfrom.VCwillnoticetheHAreactionafterwardswhenit
connectstotheserviceconsolesthenexttime.

No,WhybecauseallthesefuturesarecomeswithVirtualCenteronly.

47.WhatarethesituationswhichtriggersvMotionautomatically?
ResourceContentionbetweenvirtualmachines(DRS)

Distributedpowermanagement
PleasesendmetheanswerifanyoneknowsaboutthisIwillupdatethedoc.

charan@isupportyou.net

48.WhatisDRS/HA/DPM/dvSwitch/FT/vApps/vSafe/vShields???
DRS:DistributedResourceScheduling

HA:HighAvailability
DPM:DistributedPowerManagement

dvSwitch:DistributevSwitchItsanewfeatureintroducedinvSphere4.0
FT:FaultToleranceforVirtualMachinesitsanewfeatureintroducedin
vSphere4.0

vApps:vAppisacontainersameasresourcepool,butitishavingsomefeaturesof
virtualmachines,avAppcanbepoweredonorpoweredoff,anditcanbeclonedtoo.

http://communities.vmware.com/message/1308457#1308457
vmSafe:VMsafesapplicationprogramminginterfacesaredesignedtohelpthird

partyvendorscreatevirtualizationsecurityproductsthatbettersecureVMwareESX,
vShieldZonesisasecuritytooltargetstheVMwareadministrator.

vShield:VShieldZonesisessentiallyavirtualfirewalldesignedtoprotectVMsand
analyzevirtualnetworktraffic.ThisthreepartseriesdescribesvShieldZones,

explainshowtoinstallitandprovidesusefulmanagementtips.Tobegin,letsget
startedwiththebasics:whatvShieldZonesisandhowitworks.

http://searchvmware.techtarget.com/tip/0,289483,sid179_gci1363051_mem1,00.html

49.WhataretherequirementforFT?

http://communities.vmware.com/thread/209955

50.WhatarethedifferencesbetweenESXandESXi?
ESXisanOSwithfullfeaturesofvirtualization,ESXiisalimitedfeaturesOSwith

32MBimage.

51.64bithypervisorAlthoughnoteveryonerealizedit,thehypervisorinESX
Server3.5was32bit.Asaresult,ESXServer3.5couldnttakefulladvantageof

todaysmorepowerful64bithardwareplatforms.ESXServer4.0usesanative64
bithypervisorthatprovidessignificantperformanceandscalabilityenhancements

overthepreviousversions.However,thenewhypervisordoesrequirea64bit
hardwareplatform.

52.IncreasedVMscalabilityESXServer4.0snew64bitarchitectureprovides
significantincreasesinscalability.ESXServer4.0supportsvirtualmachines(VMs)

withupto255GBofRAMperVM.Inaddition,thevSphere4.0EnterprisePlus
editionprovidessupportforupto8wayvirtualSMPperVM.Theothereditions

supportupto4wayvirtualSMP.ThesegainsareavailableonbothWindowsand
Linuxguests.
53.HotaddCPU,RAM,andvirtualdisksThisimportantenhancementinvSphere
4.0isdesignedtocreateadynamicITinfrastructurethroughtheabilitytoaddCPU,

RAM,andvirtualdiskstoarunningVM.Thehotaddcapabilityletsyoudynamically
increaseyourVMsperformanceduringperiodsofhighresourcedemands.

54.ThinprovisioningThisfeatureisnothingnewtoMicrosoftvirtualizationusers

vSpherenowoffersathinprovisioningfeaturethatsessentiallytheequivalentof
HyperVsdynamicdisks.ThinprovisioningletsyoucreateandprovisionaVirtual

HardDisk(VHD),butthehostusesonlytheamountofstoragethatsactually
requiredbytheVMratherthanusingtheVHDsallocatedsize.

55.VMwareFaultToleranceFaultToleranceisanewhighavailabilityfeaturein

vSphere4.0.FaultToleranceworksonlybetweentwosystems.Itusesatechnology
calledvLocksteptoprovideprotectionfromsystemfailurewithabsolutelyno
downtime.VMwaresvLocksteptechnologykeepstheRAMandthevirtual

processorsoftwoVMsinsyncattheinstructionlevel.

56.vNetworkDistributedSwitchvSphere4.0svNetworkDistributedSwitchlets
youcreateandsharenetworkconfigurationsbetweenmultipleservers.The

vNetworkDistributedSwitchspansmultipleESXServerhosts,lettingyouconfigure
andmanagevirtualnetworksattheclusterlevel.Italsoletsyoumovenetwork

configurationandstatewithaVMwhentheVMislivemigratedbetweenESXServer
hosts.

57.IPv6supportAnotherenhancementinvSphere4.0issupportforIPv6.Many

organizationsareplanningtomovetoIPv6.vSpheresIPv6supportletscustomers
managevCenterServerandESXServerhostsinmixedIPv4/IPv6network
environments.
58.vAppsvAppsessentiallyletsyoumanageasasingleentitymultipleserversthat
compriseanntieredapplication.UsingvApps,youcancombinemultipleVMs,their

interdependencies,andtheirresourceallocationstogetherasaunit.Youcanmanage
allthecomponentsofthevAppsasasingleunit,lettingyoupoweroff,clone,and

deployallthevAppscomponentsinthesameoperations.

59.vSphereHostUpdateUtilityThenewvSphereHostUpdateUtilityletsyou
centrallyupdateyourESXiandESXServer3.0andlaterhoststoESXServer4.0.
TheUIdisplaysthestatusoftheremoteupdatesinrealtime.

60.VMwarevShieldZonesVMwaresnewvShieldZonesletcustomersenforce

networkaccessprotectionbetweenVMsrunninginthevirtualdatacenter.The
vShieldZonesfeatureletsyouisolate,bridge,andfirewalltrafficacrossvCenter

deployments.

61.Whicharethetrafficshapingoptionsavailabletoconfigure?

62.Whatispromiscuousmode?
Ifthepromiscuousmodeisenabledforaswitch,thetrafficsentthatswitchwillbe

visibletoallvmsconnectedtothatswitch.Imean,thedatawillbebroadcasted.

63.WhatmakesiSCSIandFCdiffrent?
AddressingScheme,iSCSIreliesonIPandFCnot,andthetypeoftransferofdata

also.InFCthedatatransferredasblocks,iniSCSIthedatatransferredasfiles.The
cablingalso,FCusesFibrecableandiSCSIusesRJ45.

64.WhatistheformatforiSCSIaddressing?

IPAddress

65.VMsTaskManagershowsperformancenormal,ButvCenterreportshigh
resourceutilization,whatisthereason?
SearchKEYWORDS:VMsperformancenormal,vCenterreportshighresource
utilization

http://communities.vmware.com/message/897975

66.WhatarethedifferenttypesofmemorymanagementtricksavailableunderESX
?
http://en.wordpress.com/tag/esxmemorymanagement/

http://www.cs.northwestern.edu/~fabianb/classes/cs443s05/ESX.pps

67.Whatisvmmemctl?
http://pubs.vmware.com/vi3/resmgmt/wwhelp/wwhimpl/common/html/wwhelp.htm?

context=resmgmt&file=vc_advanced_mgmt.11.24.html

68.HowwecanlistpNICs&statususingcommandline?
ifconfiga

69.Whatisresourcepool?Whataretheuseofit?

Aresourcepoolisalogicalabstractionforflexiblemanagementofresources.
Resourcepoolscanbegroupedintohierarchiesandusedtohierarchicallypartition

availableCPUandmemoryresources.

70.AskabouthowHAworks.
VMwareHAprovideshighavailabilityforvirtualmachinesbypoolingthemandthe

hoststheyresideonintoacluster.Hostsintheclusteraremonitoredandinthe
eventofafailure,thevirtualmachinesonafailedhostarerestartedonalternate
hosts.

71.IsHAdependentonvirtualcenter

(OnlyforInstall)

72.WhatistheMaximumHostFailureallowedinacluster
(4)
73.HowdoesHAknowtorestartaVMfromadroppedHost

(storagelockwillberemovedfromthemetadata)

74.HowmanyiSCSItargetswillESXsupport
8for3.01,(64for3.5)

75.HowManyFiberChanneltargets

(256)(128onInstall)

76.WhatisVmotion
(abilitytomoverunningvmfromonehosttoanother)

77.WhatisvirtualSMP

whenandwhyshouldyougiveavmmultiplevCPUspartoftheiranswerwhould
bethatbestpracrticeistostartwithasinglevCPUbecauseofyoucanruninto

perfomanceissuesdotoCPUscheduling

78.AskwhatversionofLinuxkerneldoesESXrun
iftheyaretrulyexperiencedtheyshouldsayESXisnotLinuxanddoesnotusea
Linuxkernelandgivethemanextrapoijntiftheyexplainthattheserviceconsole

runsamodifiedversionofRedHatEnt3

79.doesHAusevmotion?
theanswerisnovmstopsandrestartsonESXotherhost

80.whatisthedifferentwhenyouuseviclientconnecttoVCanddirectlytoESX

serveritself.
WhenyouconnecttoVCyoumanageESXserverviavpxa(Agentonesxserver).

Vpxathenpassthoserequesttohostd(managementserviceonesxserver).When
youconnecttoESXserverdirectly,youconnecttohostd(bypassvpxa).Youcan
extendthistoatrobleshootcase,whereconnecttoesxseeonethingandconnectto

VCseeanother.Sotheproblemismostlikelyoutofsyncbetweenhostdandvpxa,
servicevmwarevpxarestartshouldtakecareofit.

81.WhatwasthemostdifficultVMWarerelatedproblem/issueyoufacedina
productionenvironmentandwhatwerethespecificstepsyoutooktoresolveit?

HAissuesbecauseofdnsproblems,thehostsareunabletocommunicatetogether.
Correctedbyaddingallserversipsineachservers/etc/hostsfile

VMwasnotpoweredupbecausetheswapfilewaslockedbyanotherhost,whenI
trytopoweronthevmitsnotpoweringup.Afterreleasingthelockitspoweredon.

82.WhenwasthelasttimeyoucalledVMSupportandwhatwastheissue?

Licensingrelatedissues.

83.Whatwasthemostperformanceintensiveproductionappthatyousupportedin
VMwareandwhatwerethesomeofthechallengesthatitposed?

Inexchangesharepointdemoproject,gettinglotofVLANissues.(itsmyexperience,
youcansayyours)

84.Howwouldyoudeterminethataperfintensiveappisagoodcandidate?

Speficallywhattoolswouldyouusetoidentifycandidates.Specificallyinsidethose
toolswhatmetricswouldyouuse?
PleasesendmetheanswerifanyoneknowsaboutthisIwillupdatethedoc.

charan@isupportyou.net

85.Whatisyorphilosophyonhowmuchofthedatacentercanbevirtualized?
(Iftheinterviewerwantsmaxvirtualization,buttheintervieweeisnotconvinced

thatthisisagoodidea,thiscouldbeadealbreaker)
PleasesendmetheanswerifanyoneknowsaboutthisIwillupdatethedoc.

charan@isupportyou.net
86.Whatisyouropiniononthevirtualizationvendors(MSvsVMvsCitrixvsetc)
andwhy?

(Justtryingtofigureoutifthecandidateiskeepingupwiththiseverchanging
virtualizationmarket)

PleasesendmetheanswerifanyoneknowsaboutthisIwillupdatethedoc.
charan@isupportyou.net

87.Ibeleiveanothergoodquestionwouldbetoaskthecandidatetobrieflydescribe

VST,VGT&ESTmodeand802.1Qtrunking.Isaythisbecausenetworkingissuch
animportantpartofVMwareimplementationsandongoingsupport..,doyoureally

wantaVMwareengineerworkinginyourenvironmentiftheylacktheknowledgeof
theseconcepts(+unlessofcoursetheyareonlydelegatedwithlowlevelpermissions
forgenericVMoperations+)

PleasesendmetheanswerifanyoneknowsaboutthisIwillupdatethedoc.
charan@isupportyou.net

Moreinformationonthesemodescanbefoundhere:
http://www.vmware.com/pdf/esx3_vlan_wp.pdf

Alsoaskthecandidatetoexplainwhyonemodewouldbeusedasopposedto
another?,rememberthattherecanbenumerousreasonsfortheuseofdifferent

modesdependingonyourcompany/clientsnetwork,securitypoliciesetc..

88.Ifyouareinterviewingforaconsultantroleitwouldalsobeagoodscenarioto
provideabriefoverviewofafictionalnetworkandaskthecandidatetodoa
whiteboarddraftofhowthenetworkwouldbelayedoutifsaytheESXservershave

6NICsor8NICsetc..etc
PleasesendmetheanswerifanyoneknowsaboutthisIwillupdatethedoc.

charan@isupportyou.net
89.WhatarenotablefilesthatrepresentaVM?
.vmxconfigurationsettingsforVM

.vmxfconfigurationsettingsusedtosupportanXMLbasedVMconfigurationAPI
.vmtxconfigurationsettingsforaTemplateVM(replacesthe.vmxfile)
.vmdkvirtualdiskfile.(Note:ifathickdiskisused,aflat.vmdkfilethat

representstheactualmonolithicdiskfilewillexistbutwillbehiddenfromthe
vSphereClient.)

.nvramnonvolatilememory(BIOS)
.vswpswapfileusedbyESX/ESXiperVMtoovercommitmemory,i.e.usemore

memorythanphysicallyavailable.Thisiscreatedbythehostautomaticallywhen
poweringonaVManddeleted(defaultbehavior)whenpoweringoffaVM.Swap

filescanremainandtakeupspaceifahostfailedpriortoshuttingdownaVM
properly.NormallytheswapfileisstoredinthelocationwheretheVMconfiguration

filesarekepthoweverthelocationcanbeoptionallylocatedelsewherefor
example,locallyforperformancereasonsandifusingNAS/NFS,localswapshould
beused.

.vmsssuspendfile(ifplacedintosuspendpowermode)
.vmsdforsnapshotmanagement

.vmsnsnapshotfile

90.HostProfiles
WhatlicensingisrequiredforHostProfiles?AvailablewithvSphereEnterprisePlus

edition.

91.CanHostProfilesworkwithESX/ESXi3.xhosts?
No.OnlystartingwithESX/ESXi4.0.
92.CanHostProfilesbeusedwithaclusterrunningbothESXandESXihosts?
Yes,butremembertouseanESXhostandnotanESXihosttocreateaprofilefor
use.

Intheory,HostProfilesshouldworkwithmixedhostclusters,asittranslatesESXto
ESXi,butbecarefulasthereareenoughdifferencesbetweenESXandESXithatcan

leadyoutomakeselfinflictederrorswhenapplyingHostProfiles.Theeasiest
methodistocreateclustersthatarehomogeneousandmaintaintwodifferent

profilesforthesetwotypesofclusters.

93.CanHostProfilesworkwhenusingtheCiscoNexus1000v?
No,becauseHostProfileswasdesignedwiththegenericvNetworkDistributed
Switch.TheCiscoNexus1000vswitchgivesadministratorsfinergrainedcontrolof
thenetworkingbeyondwhatHostProfilescanapply.

94.Whatarehostprofiles?
Asetofbestpracticedconfigurationrules,whicharecanbeappliedtoentirecluster
ortoanindividualhost.Sothatallthehostsinsyncwitheachother,thiswillavoid
vmotion,drsandhaproblems.

95.WhataretheavailableStorageoptionsforvirtualmachines?
Rawdevicemappings,VMFS

http://searchvmware.techtarget.com/tip/0,289483,sid179_gci1318776_mem1,00.html

96.WhatarethedifferencesbetweenVirtualandPhysicalcompatibilitymodeswhen
mappingtheRawDevicestovirtualmachines?
YoucanconfigureRDMintwoways:
Virtualcompatibilitymodethismodefullyvirtualizesthemappeddevice,which

appearstotheguestoperatingsystemasavirtualdiskfileonaVMFSvolume.
VirtualmodeprovidessuchbenefitsofVMFSasadvancedfilelockingfordata
protectionanduseofsnapshots.
Physicalcompatibilitymodethismodeprovidesaccesstomosthardware
characteristicsofthemappeddevice.VMkernelpassesallSCSIcommandstothe

device,withoneexception,therebyexposingallthephysicalcharacteristicsofthe
underlyinghardware.Inthismode,themappingisdoneasfollows,whenwecreatea
mapping,theconfigurationstoredinafileandthatfileisstoredwiththevmfilesin
datastore.Thisfilepointstotherawdeviceandmakesitaccessibletothevm.

97.WhatareRDMLimitations?

RDMlimitations
TherearetwotypesofRDMs:virtualcompatibilitymodeRDMsandphysical
compatibilitymodeRDMs.PhysicalmodeRDMs,inparticular,havesomefairly
significantlimitations:
NoVMwaresnapshots

NoVCBsupport,becauseVCBrequiresVMwaresnapshots
NocloningVMsthatusephysicalmodeRDMs
NoconvertingVMsthatusephysicalmodeRDMsintotemplates
NomigratingVMswithphysicalmodeRDMsifthemigrationinvolvescopyingthe

disk
NoVMotionwithphysicalmodeRDMs

VirtualmodeRDMsaddresssomeoftheseissues,allowingrawLUNstobetreated
verymuchlikevirtualdisksandenablingfunctionalitylikeVMotion,snapshotting,
andcloning.VirtualmodeRDMsareacceptableinmostcaseswhereRDMsare
required.Forexample,virtualmodeRDMscanbeusedinvirtualtovirtualcluster

acrossphysicalhosts.Notethatphysicaltovirtualclustersacrossboxes,though,
requirephysicalmodeRDMs.
Whilevirtualdiskswillworkforthelargemajorityofapplicationsandworkloadsin
aVIenvironment,theuseofRDMseithervirtualmodeRDMsorphysicalmode
RDMscanhelpeliminatepotentialcompatibilityissuesorallowapplicationstorun

virtualizedwithoutanylossoffunctionality.

98.WhenusersarelogontotheirVirtualMachinesviaViewClient,whentheywish
toendthesession,shouldtheychoosedisconnectordisconnectandlogoff
option?
ThefirstoptionisDisconnect.WithDisconnect,theuserremainsloggedon.Any

programsthattheuserisrunningcontinuetorunandnootherusers(exceptforan
Administrator)canconnecttothisdesktop.Ifanadministratorchooses,theymay
logintothedesktop,butwillautomaticallylogtheuseroutandforceanyprograms
theuserwasrunningtoend.ThesecondoptionisDisconnectandLogoff.This

optionallowstheusertologoffanditallowsotheruserstoaccessthisdesktop.

99.Whatisthepurposeofthecachelifetimesettingfortheofflinedesktop?
Thedataoneachofflinesystemisencryptedandhasacachelifetimecontrolled
throughpolicy,iftheclientlosescontactwiththeViewConnectionServer,thecache
lifetimeistheperiodinwhichtheusercancontinuetousethedesktopbeforethey
arerefusedaccessthiscountdownisresetoncetheconnectionisreestablished.

100.DoesOfflineDesktopsupporttunneledornontunneledcommunications?

OfflineDesktopsupportstunneledornonatunneledcommunicationsforLANabased
datatransfers.Whentunnelingisenabled,alltrafficisroutedthroughtheView
ConnectionServer.

VMWAREinterviewQuestionsandAnswerspdffree
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March18,2014 iqapdf(http://interviewquestionsanswerspdf.com/author/iqapdf/) VmwareInterview


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4Comments

Amit
November25,2016at5:20am(http://interviewquestionsanswerspdf.com/2014/03/vmwareinterviewquestionsand
answers/#comment2355)|Reply(http://interviewquestionsanswerspdf.com/2014/03/vmwareinterviewquestionsand

answers/?replytocom=2355#respond)

Iappreciateyourcollection.Thesequestionsarereallyhelpful.Iamseekingfor
EXSI6.0,iwilldefinatelysharewithyouififoundit

Couldyoupleaseemailmethispdfatamitr49@gmail.com

(mailto:amitr49@gmail.com)

Thanksinadvance

singh

November6,2016at7:21am(http://interviewquestionsanswerspdf.com/2014/03/vmwareinterviewquestionsand

answers/#comment1196)|Reply(http://interviewquestionsanswerspdf.com/2014/03/vmwareinterviewquestionsand

answers/?replytocom=1196#respond)

Hi,
Veryhelpfulquestions,unfortunatelyiamunabletodownloadthesequestions.
Canyoupleaseemailmepdf@r.skalsi21@gmail.com
(mailto:r.skalsi21@gmail.com)

Thanks,

Singh

Gopal

October2,2016at7:54am(http://interviewquestionsanswerspdf.com/2014/03/vmwareinterviewquestionsand

answers/#comment937)|Reply(http://interviewquestionsanswerspdf.com/2014/03/vmwareinterviewquestionsand
answers/?replytocom=937#respond)

realyveryhelpful
iqapdf

July19,2016at11:32am(http://interviewquestionsanswerspdf.com/2014/03/vmwareinterviewquestionsand
answers/#comment560)|Reply(http://interviewquestionsanswerspdf.com/2014/03/vmwareinterviewquestionsand

answers/?replytocom=560#respond)

HiEveryone.

IhaveonlycollectionofESX3.54.1Questions.ifyoudontmindifanybody
haveESXI6.0interviewquestionsorMaterialsthenpleasesendmetothis
mailiqapdf@gmail.com(mailto:iqapdf@gmail.com)iwillupdate
immediately.itwillmorehelpforvmwarestudents.

Regards:

interviewquestionsanswerspdf.com,
iqapdf@gmail.com(mailto:iqapdf@gmail.com).

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