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Accurate measurements are important because precise amounts are required for reactions
to take place, for a recipe to turn out and to keep correct records of a measurement and
decrease the percentage error. When measurements are not accurate, this provides
incorrect data that can lead to wrong or even dangerous conclusions or results. Preparing
solutions accurately will improve an experiment's safety and chances for success.
permanganate is a dark solution. So it won't let you see through, meniscus is invisible, .
make itdifficult to see the colour change at the end pointBecause the very dark colour of
themanganate(VII) solution makes the meniscus difficult to see.

overheating will cause decomposition of oxalic acid as CO2..

. The results produced a percent error of 17.98%, which is rather high. A high
percent error means that the average percent of Fe in the samples calculated
and the actual percent of Fe in the unknown sample (provided by professor)
differ by a lot. This means the data produced during the lab was rather
inaccurate. What could have been done to produce a lower percent error? One
potential source of error could arise if not enough acid was added to the iron
solution before the titration was started. This would allow much of the
permanganate to go to MnO2(s) rather than to Mn2+. Another error could come
from failure to stop the drip of KMn04 early enough which would produce an
inaccurate volume of KMn04 used in the reaction based on the buret reading.
Simple mistakes could also have been made by inaccurate readings of the buret
or beakers.

There are some precaution steps in this experiment in order to obtain the results
more accurately and precisely. During the process of the experiment, the pipette
is rinsed with a little sulphuric acid to remove water present inside the pipette.
This is the way to prevent the water from diluting the acid that is poured inside
the pipette. In the same way, burette is also rinsed with a little of potassium
manganate(VII) solution. Besides, a piece of white tile that placed below the
conical flask is used to enable us to detect the end point clearly, which the
colourless solution changes to a light pink solution. Moreover, the eyes must be
placed at the same level as the meniscus of the solution inside the burette in
order to obtain an accurate of initial and final readings.

overheating will cause decomposition of oxalic acid as CO2..


Conclusion
After performing this experiment it is apparent that the qualitative analysis of
substances can be found using the titration technique preformed in lab. The
titration method requires two solutions, one of which is of known concentration
and the other of unknown concentration. Titration is based on some reaction
between both known and unknown solutions such as acidbase reaction or redox
reaction. Performing this particular lab also aided with the understanding of
redox reactions. Redox reactions are a combination of two reactions oxidation
and reduction reactions. The oxidation reaction involves an increase in increment
in the oxidation state whereas in a reduction reaction, the oxidation number of
the reactant molecules reduces. The substance that becomes oxidised is known
as the reducing agent. On the contrary, the substance that reduces becomes
known as the oxidising agent in the redox reaction. A substance which accepts
electrons to form an anion displays reduction reaction and viceversa.