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Notes&Resources.
Ahadith
Ahadith(Question/Answer)
(Question/Answer)
AllRightlyGuidedCaliphs
(Question/Answer)
EXAMINERTIPSforO
Q1Paper2[compulsory]
LevelIslamiyat2058
Hajj(Question/Answer) 1.MajorteachingsintheHadithsoftheProphet
HistoryandImportanceof
Hadith(Question/Answer) Twogroupsofpassagesaresetforclosestudy.Theserelateto:
HistoryandImportanceof individualconduct
Quran(Question/Answer) lifeinthecommunity.
HowtoMakeWud'u
HowtoperformaSingle Candidatesshouldstudytheteachingscontainedineachpassageaboutwhat
Rakah Muslimsshouldbelieveandhowtheyshouldact.
Jihad(Notes) CandidatesshouldstudythepassageswithreferencetotheoriginalArabic
Muslimsinrelationswith
textaswellastheEnglishtranslation.Intheexamination,passageswillbeset
Others(Question/Answer)
inbothArabicandEnglish.
PreprationForIslamiat
Exam Appendix2containsthepassagesforexaminationin2013.Theseare
Prophet's(PBUH)Life
reviewedeachyearandmaychange.
(Question/Answer)
Qur'anicPassages 1ChooseanytwoofthefollowingHadiths,and:
(Explanation) (a)describetheirteachingsaboutwhatMuslimsbelieve[4]
(b)explainhowMuslimscanputtheseteachingsintoaction.[4]
Qur'anicPassages
(Question/Answer)
ReferencesofQuran&
Hadith
REVISIONCHECKLIST
forOLevelIslamiyat2058
Salah(Question/Answer)
(i)Religionissincerity.Wesaid:Towhom?TheProphetsaid:ToAllah,
hisBook,hisMessenger,theleadersoftheMuslimsandtotheircommon
people.
Sawm&Zakah people.
(Question/Answer) (a)L1forareferencetotheimportanceofbeingagoodMuslim
Scribes(Question/Answer) L2formentionofbelievingintheArticlesofFaith
L3forawarenessofwhatsincerityinreligionentails
Sequenceofeventsin
L4foranaccountofIslamcomprisingsincerityinbothbelief(i.e.Allah,hisBook
ProphetMuhammads
andhisMessenger)andaction(leadersandcommunity)
[SAW]life (b)L1foramentionoffollowingtheexampleoftheProphet,theteachingsofthe
SourcesofIslamicLaw Quran,orthelike
(Question/Answer) L2foramentionoffollowingalltheteachingsofIslam
TheLeadingCompanions L3foroneormoreexamples
andImportant L4foramentionoftheimportanceoflivingtheMuslimlifesincerelyratherthan
Personalities justforshow
(Question/Answer)
TimesofPrayers
WorksheetforMothersof
Faithful
WorksheetforTenBlessed
CompanionsofProphet
(ii)Noneofyoubelievesuntilhedesiresforhisbrotherwhathedesiresfor
Sitemap himself.
4
(a)L1formentionoftreatingothersasequals
L2formentionofensuringothersareprovidedforproperly
L3formentionofIslamrequiringMuslimstocareforoneanother
L4formentionoftruebeliefincludingconcernforotherswelfare
(b)L1formentionofensuringothershavethesameasoneself
L2formentionofexamplesofprovidingforothers
L3formentionofhowprovisionforotherscomesbeforeself
L4forexamples,includingotherHadiths,thatshowMuslimsworkingfor
communalwelfare

(iii)LethimwhobelievesinAllahandtheLastDayeitherspeakgoodorkeep
silent,andlethimwhobelievesinAllahandtheLastDaybegenerousto
hisneighbour,andlethimwhobelievesinAllahandtheLastDaybe
generoustohisguest.
(a)L1formentionofspeakingonlygoodandgenerosity
L2formentionofgoodwordsandactions
L3formentionofwordsandactionshelpingattheJudgement
L4formentionoffaithandactionbeingcloselylinked
(b)L1formentionoftreatingotherpeoplewell
L2formentionoftheimportanceofgenerosityinwordandaction
L3forsomeanalysisofthemeaningandimportanceofgenerosity
L4forfurtherHadithsasillustrations
(iv)AmanaskedtheMessengerofAllah(mayAllahblesshimandgivehim
peace):DoyouthinkthatifIperformtheobligatoryprayers,fastin
Ramadan,treataslawfulthatwhichislawfulandtreatasforbiddenthat
whichisforbidden,anddonothingfurther,Ishallenterparadise?
Hesaid:Yes.
(a)L1formentionofimportanceoffollowingtheProphetsteachingtogain
paradise
L2forsomeattempttoanalysethelist
L3foranalysisthatbeginstodescribehowtheseitemssumupthe
scopeofMuslimaction
L4forafulldemonstrationofhowtheseitemssumupMuslimaction
(b)L1forreferencetofollowingthePillarsandotherbasicobservancesof
Islam
L2forabasicreferencetothislistasasummaryofIslamicobservances
L3andaboveformoredevelopedanalysesofhowfollowingthese
observancesisequivalenttofollowingtheteachingsofIslam

Inpart(a)candidatesareexpectedtoidentifythemainteachingsthatappearintheHadiths
theyselect.Answersshouldfocusontheseteachingsratherthanthecontentsthemselvesof
theHadiths.Thus,simplesummariesorparaphraseswillnotattracthighmarks.Note:In
markingpart(a)itisimportantforexaminerstoreadtogethertheanswerstothetwoHadiths
thecandidatehaschosen,eveniftheydonotappearconsecutivelyintheanswerbooklet.
Thiswillmakeiteasiertogainanimpressionofthecandidatesperformanceinthispartasa
whole,andtodecideupontheoveralllevelofresponse.

(i)Religionissincerity.Wesaid:Towhom?TheProphetsaid:ToAllah,hisBook,his
Messenger,theleadersoftheMuslimsandtotheircommonpeople.
Answer1
WeMuslimsmustfollowtheteachingsoftheholyProphetinallourlives.Wemustbelievein
Allahandhismessenger,andwemustlearntheQuran.
Level:1
ThisanswerisnomorethanabasicstatementofwhatitistobeaMuslim.Itonlyrefersto
theteachingsoftheHadithcoincidentally.
Answer2
TheholyProphethassaidthatMuslimsmustbelieveinAllah,hisangels,hisbooks,his
prophetsandthelastday.TheProphethassaidthatwemustsincerelybelieveintheArticles
prophetsandthelastday.TheProphethassaidthatwemustsincerelybelieveintheArticles
ofFaith.
Level:2
Thisanswerisnotmuchbetter,butitdoesshowthatthecandidaterealisesthereisa
referencetotheArticleshere.

Answer3
TheholyProphethasinformedMuslimsthattheyshouldbelieveintheArticlesofFaith,
especiallyinAllah,intheQuranandintheholyProphet.Hehasemphasisedthatweshould
dothiswithsincerity,whichmeansthatwemustdoitseriouslywithoutdepartingfromit.The
holyProphetneverabandonedhisbeliefandhecalledotherpeopletoacceptIslamaswell.
Weshouldfollowhisexample.
Level:3
ThisanswershowsthatthecandidateisawarenotonlyoftheteachingintheHadithabout
ArticlesofFaith,butalsoaboutsincerity.Sheseemstohavesomegraspofthefactthat
withoutsinceritysomethingislostinbelieving.
Answer4
WecanlearnfromthisHadithoftheholyProphettofollowthefaithofIslamfullyandwith
dedication.Thisiswhathemeanswhenhetalksaboutsincerity.Hetellsusthatwemustbe
sincereinthethingswebelieveandinthethingswedo,andwemustliveourlivesas
obedientMuslimsbeforeAllahandasgoodmembersofthecommunityofIslam.Weshould
believeinthemainprinciplesofIslamandweshouldnotupsetthecommunitybutbeloyal
membersofit.
Level:4
ThisanswerpaysattentiontothewholeHadith,andexplainswhatitspartssayaboutMuslim
belief.ItshowsthatthecandidateisawareofindividualconductbeforeGodandbeforethe
community,averymatureinsight.

Inpart(b)candidatesshouldexplainhowthesebeliefscanissueinaction.Answersmay
compriseabstractexplanations,illustrativestories,orversesfromtheQuranorother
Hadiths.Iftherearestories,therelevanceoftheseshouldbeexplained,andifthereare
quotations,thelinkbetweenthemandtheHadithunderdiscussionmustbemadeclear.
Answer1
WemustrecitetheQuranandlearntheHadithoftheholyProphet.Weshouldbepoliteto
otherpeople.
Level:1
ThecandidatehassomegraspofpracticalexpressionoftheteachingsintheHadith,buthas
leftthemlargelyunexplained.
Answer2
MuslimsshouldtrytofollowalltheteachingsthatalmightyAllahhasgiventous.Wecando
thisbylookingattheexampleoftheholyProphetandbyfollowingthat.
Level:2
ThisisverypromisinginthatitshowsunderstandingoftheimportanceoftheProphetasthe
practicalexampleofIslamicbeliefs.
Answer3
MuslimshavebeengiventhesunnaoftheholyProphetastheexampleofhowtofollowthe
teachingsofAllahthathavebeengivenintheQuran.SoifIlearnabouthowtheProphet
livedhislifeandactedingoodanddifficulttimesIcanbeagoodMuslim.Thisisthatwhen
theProphetvisitedthewomanwhousedtothrowdustandrefuseonhimatthetimewhen
shewasill.IfIfollowthis,Ishouldtrytobekindtomyenemies.
shewasill.IfIfollowthis,Ishouldtrytobekindtomyenemies.
Level:3
ThisanswershowsthatthecandidatenotonlyunderstandsthemainteachingsoftheHadith,
butcanrelateittoanaptexamplefromthelifeoftheProphetandextractthemoralfromthat.
AnumberofelementsoftheHadithareleftunexamined,butevensotheanswershows
remarkableinsightintoitsintention.

Answer4
Muslimsshouldhavesincerityinallthattheydo.Theyshouldnotactsimplyforotherpeople
toseewhattheydo,buttheyshouldfollowtheteachingsofIslambecausetheybelievein
them.IslamisafaiththatcoversallthelifeofMuslims,andMuslimsmustbeseriousinthe
actionstheydowhentheyarealone,becausethesemustfollowtheQuranandProphet,and
whentheyarewithotherpeople,becausetheeldersandseniorsdeserverespect.The
ProphetshowedrespectfortheleadersofhistimewhenhewrotetobringthemtoIslam.
EventhoughhedidnotaccepttheirwayhewrotekindlytoaskthemtobecomeMuslims.
Level:4
ThisanswerjustaboutreachesL4,becauseitshowssensitivitytowardstheindividualand
communaldimensionsoftheHadith,andtriestoproduceanexamplefromthelifeofthe
Prophettoillustrateit.Thereissomeobscurityandrepetitioninit,butitgetstothebasisof
whattheHadithintends.

(M/J/09)

(i)Religionissincerity.Wesaid:Towhom?TheprophetsaidToAllah,hisBook,
hisMessenger,theleadersoftheMuslimsandtotheircommonpeople.
(ii)Nooneeatsbetterfoodthanthatwhichheeatsoutoftheworkofhishand.
(iii)Whosoeverofyouseesanevilaction,lethimchangeitwithhishand,andifheis
notabletodosothenwithhistongue,andifheisnotabletodosothenwithhis
heart,andthatistheweakestoffaith.
(iv)Iandthemanwhobringsupanorphanwillbeinparadiselikethis.Andhe
pointedwithhistwofingers,theindexandthemiddlefinger.
InordertogiveamarkforAO1youwillhavetoreadbothpart(a)answers,andsimilarlyin
order
togiveamarkforAO2youwillhavetoreadbothpart(b)answers.
Youshouldgiveonlytwomarks,oneforbothpart(a)answers,andoneforbothpart(b)
answers.
Whenmarkingthisquestion,youmayhavetoreadtheanswersanumberoftimes.

(a)Teachings
(i)MuslimsmustfollowtheteachingsofIslam.Someanswerscouldgoabitfurthertoshow
abasicawarenessofthisteaching,addingthattrueMuslimsareloyaltoGod,theQuran
andtheProphet.GoodanswerswillgiveaninsightintotheelementsoftheHadithby
statingthatMuslimsmustbeloyaltothebasicteachingsofIslamandsincerelyfollow
theFivePillarswhilstbeingsensitivetotheneedsofotherpeopleandbybeingloyal
membersofthecommunity.
(ii)InthisHadiththeemphasisisonearningonesownlivingthroughhardwork.Thebetter
(ii)InthisHadiththeemphasisisonearningonesownlivingthroughhardwork.Thebetter
answerswilldiscussthepointthatIslamdiscouragesrelianceonotherpeopleand
beggary.ThevirtueofearninglawfullythroughindividualeffortispreferredbyAllahand
Muslimsmusttakeresponsibiltlyforearningtheirownlivelihood.
(iii)ThebasicteachingofthisHadithisthatMuslimsshouldnotpermitevilandshouldact
activelytoresistit.Theyshouldalwaysstandagainstitinwhateverwaytheycanandif
theycannotpreventtheevilfromtakingplacetheyshouldnotgiveintoitspowerand
shouldatleastalwayscondemnit.
(iv)MuslimscangotoparadisewiththeProphetiftheydogoodisthesimpleteachingof
thisHadith.Someanswerswillfocusontheneedtocareforchildreninorderfor
Muslimstogotoparadise.TheProphetparticularlyrecommendedthegooddeedof
lookingafterorphansandasanorphanhimselfheespeciallyrecommendedMuslimsto
carefororphans.

(b)Actions
(i)MuslimscanputtheteachingsofthisHadithintoactionbybeingobedienttoIslam.They
shouldtrytoobeytheQuranandtheProphetintheirdailylives.Muslimsshouldnot
onlybasetheirpersonallivesontheteachingsofIslambutshouldacttomaintainthe
goodofsociety.SincerityisthemostimportantaspectinallthingsthataMuslimdoes
publiclyorprivatelyandthebetteranswerswillfocusonit.
(ii)AMuslimshouldsupporthimselfandhisfamilythroughhisownhardwork.More
thoughtfulanswerswillhighlightthepointthatitisbettertolivewithinonesmeans,even
ifitishumbly,thantoearnunlawfullyoronthehandoutsofothers.Thisnotonly
promotesselfsufficiencywhichisgoodfortheindividualbutitisalsogoodforsociety.
(iii)Muslimsshouldfightagainstevil.Theyshouldfightevilhowevertheycan,withtheir
handsorvoicesorthoughts.Thefightagainstevilinvolvesmanymethodsandmust
neverceaseandeverymeansofstoppingitshouldbeemployed.
(iv)Muslimsmustlookafterorphans.Thetaskofcaringfororphansisparticularlyrewarded.
TheteachingofthisHadithencouragesMuslimstocareforthevulnerable.IfMuslims
respecttheProphettheywillfollowhisteachingandtakespecialcareofthoseinneed
forwhichtheywillberewarded.

E/R

CommentsonSpecificQuestions
Question1
InthisquestionthecandidatesneedtoaddresstwoHadithsfromthefourgivenandinpart
(a)describetheteachingitselfandinpart(b)theyneedtoexplainhowthisteachingcanbe
putintoaction.Inansweringthisquestiontherewasalotofoverlapbetweenpart(a)and
(b).CandidatescouldapplytheteachingtothelivesofMuslimsandgiveanexamplein
answeringpart(b)ofthequestion.However,examplesgivenshouldbesensible.Thisyear,
inansweringthispartofthequestion,afewcandidatesbroughtinotherHadithstoexplain
theonesetinthequestionwhichwasagood.Othersbroughtincontemporaryissueswhich
wereingenuouse.g.beingsincerewiththeauthorities,respectingtrafficlights,payingtaxes
etc.Thedistinctionbetweenparts(a)and(b)mustbeemphasisedbytheteachersand
repetitioninthetwoparts
mustbeavoided.Also,candidatesshouldbeencouragedtoanswerbothpart(a)andboth
part(b)answerstogether.Thetwo(a)stogetherandthetwo(b)stogetheraregivena

maximumof4markseach,thelengthoftheanswersshouldthereforereflectthisand
maximumof4markseach,thelengthoftheanswersshouldthereforereflectthisand
candidatesdonotneedtowriteverylonganswersforthetwopartsofthisquestion.

(O/N/09)

(i)TheMessengerofAllah(mayAllahblesshimandgivehimpeace)sentAbuMusa
andMu'adhibnJabaltoYaman,andhesenteachofthemtogovernapart.Then
hesaid:'Begentleanddonotbehard,andcauserejoicinganddonotalienate.'
(ii)Modestyproducesnothingbutgood.
(iii)Hewhohasinhisheartasmuchfaithasagrainofmustardseedwillnotenter
hell,andhewhohasinhisheartasmuchprideasagrainofmustardseedwillnot
enterparadise.
(iv)Goddoesnotregardyourappearancesandyourpossessions,butheregards
yourheartsandyouractions.

(a)(i)TheteachingofthisHadithisthatMuslimsmustalwaysbegentletoothersandcause
rejoicingwhentheyrule.SomeanswerscouldgoabitfurthertoaddthatMuslimsmust
actfairlywhentheygovern.TheHadithfocusesonMuslimleadershipbeinghelpfulto
thosewhoareledandthatitshouldneverbebyforce.Muslimleadershipshouldalways
bebyencouragementandthemoreablecandidateswilldiscussthiselementofthe
Hadithsteaching.
(ii)ThebasicteachingofthisHadithisthatmodestyleadstogoodconduct.Italsoprevents
apersonfromwrongdoings.Thebetteranswerswillgoontosaythatmodestydevelops
aperson'scharacterandintegrityandthatamodestpersonwillbeonewhohasgood
valuesandwillalwaysactinaccordancetotheirtruecapabilities.
(iii)MuslimsmusthavefaithintheirheartthisistheprimaryteachingofthisHadith.Itis
havingthisfaithwhichwillleadallMuslimstoparadisewhereaspridewillonlyleadto
hell.Moredevelopedanswerswillhighlightthepointthatatinyamountoffaithcanlead
toparadiseandatinyamountofpridecanleadtohell.Itisthisimportantdifference
betweenfaithandpridethatMuslimsmustaccept.
(iv)ThisHadithshowsthecriteriaonthebasisofwhichAllahjudgesaperson.Allahisnot
interestedinaperson'swealthbutwithwhatisinhisheart.Someanswersmaygoonto
saythatAllahisnotinterestedinwhatapersonhasgainedbutinhowheacts.Good
answerswilldiscusshowatrueMuslimisknownbyhisconductandnotbyoutward
appearancesandthisisthecriterionoftruefaith.

(b)(i)MuslimscanputtheteachingofthisHadithintopracticebybeinggentletowardsothers
andbymakingthemrejoiceduetotheiractionstowardsthem.Alsotheneedfora
Muslimgovernmenttoalwaysbefairinitsactionsandtoleadotherspositivelyisan
importantteachingofthisHadith.
(ii)Muslimsmustbemodestintheiractions.Theyshouldtrytothinkofothersbefore
themselves.WhenaMuslimsconductspringsoutofconsiderationforothersit
eliminatessocialproblemsandevilsandinturnthoseactionswillearnthemtherespect
ofothers.
(iii)Muslimsmusthavefaithintheirhearts.Theymustincreasetheirfaithandresistpride,A
soundunderstandingofhowtoputtheteachingsofthisHadithintoactioncanbeshown
bythecandidatesbyhighlightingthefactthatMuslimsmustfollowtheteachingsofIslam
closelyandshouldrelyupontheguidancethatIslamteachesratherthanupon
closelyandshouldrelyupontheguidancethatIslamteachesratherthanupon
themselves.
(iv)MuslimsmustbetruetoIslam.Theyshouldbeinterestedingoodconductandnotin
possessions.GoodanswerswillexplainthattheteachingofthisHadithcanbeputinto
actionwhenMuslimsareseentobemoreconcernedinactingwithsincerityratherthan
appearingpiousorimportant.Itisgoodactionsthataremoreimportantthanacquiring
status.

(E/R)

Question1
Thisquestionwaswellansweredbyagoodmajorityofthecandidates.Whenanswering
Hadith(i)somewereevenabletodiscussitsdeeperteaching,thegoodcandidateswrote
abouthowfinalauthoritylieswithAllahandisgivenfromHimtotherulersasatrust.Some
wentontoastutelystatethatinspeakingtoAbuMusaandMuadhIbnJabaltheProphet
wasinrealityaddressingrulersinyearstocomeandleavingamessageforthemasboth
themenmentionedintheHadithwerepiouscompanionsoftheProphetandwelltrainedby
himintheartofgovernance.However,theteachinginthethirdHadithwasnottooclearto
thecandidates.Manychosetoattemptitbutfewwereabletobringoutthesalientpointof
thisHadithwhichis
thatwhenapersonembracesIslamhesubmitstothewillofAllahandshunsallpride.
Hence,faithandpridecannotcoexistinatrueMuslim.InHadith(iv)themajorityofthe
candidatesfocusedonjustintention.IntentionisanimportantelementofthisHadithbutnot
theonlyelementfordiscussion.Inpart(b)candidatese.g.couldhavediscussedhow
Muslimsshouldbeinterestedingoodconductandnotinpossessions.Theycouldhave
givenexamplesofactingwithsincerity.Onthewholethiswasawellansweredquestion.
Therewassomeoverlapbetweenparts(a)and(b)answers.Candidatesshouldbe
encouragedtothinkforthemselvesandexpresstheirownopinionsastohowtheycanput
theteachingsoftheHadiththeyhavestudiedintopractice.Eachanswercanthereforebe
differenttotheotherbutcorrectinitsownright.

(M/J/2010)

(i)Noneofyoubelievesuntilhewantsforhisbrotherwhathewantsforhimself.
(ii)AmanaskedtheMessengerofAllah(mayAllahblesshimandgivehimpeace):
DoyouthinkthatifIperformtheobligatoryprayers,fastinRamadan,treatas
lawfulthatwhichislawfulandtreatasforbiddenthatwhichisforbidden,anddo
nothingfurther,Ishallenterparadise?Hesaid:Yes.
(iii)Itwassaid:OMessengerofAllah,whoisthemostexcellentofmen?The
MessengerofAllah(mayAllahblesshimandgivehimpeace)said:Thebeliever
whostriveshardinthewayofAllahwithhispersonandhisproperty.
(iv)Godwillnotshowmercyonhimwhodoesnotshowmercytoothers.
(a)(i)ConcernforthewellbeingofothersisthebasicteachingofthisHadithandisan
importantaspectoffaith.Themoreablecandidateswillhighlightthepointthatcarefor
othersisasignofsincerebeliefandthatbeliefisonlysincerewhenputintoaction.A
partofaMuslimsfaithistoworkforthegoodofothers.
(ii)IslamisaverysimplereligionandtogainAllahspleasureandreachparadiseonehas
tosimplyfollowthebasicprinciplesofIslam.SomeanswersmaywellstatethatAllah
haslaiddownclearrulesaboutwhatislawfulandunlawfulandhowHeexpectsmanto
beobedienttoHim.ByfollowingtheseruleswecangainAllahspleasureandthus
paradiseandthisiswhattheProphetconfirmed.CandidatescouldgiveotherHadithsto
supportthisone.
(iii)AnswerscouldsimplystatethatthebelieverwhoworkstogetthepleasureofAllahis
thebest.However,wecanonlybetruebelieversbyfollowingAllahscommandments
andbyusingourpersonandpossessionstostriveinthewayofAllah.GoodMuslims
mustusetheirselfandwealthinAllahsway,thesearesomeoftheteachingsofthis
Hadith.
(iv)MercyandkindnessareintegraltoIslamandaMuslimsconducttowardsothers
influenceshistreatmentbyGod.GoodanswerscouldelaboratebysayingthatMuslims
musttreatothersastheywouldwantAllahtotreatthemandsupporttheiranswers
perhapswithexamplesfromtheProphetslifeshowingmercyandforgiveness.

(b)(i)Muslimsshouldalwaysrespondtotheneedofothers.Candidatescouldgoontostate
thatcareforothersisaconstituentpartoffaithforwhichMuslimswillberewarded.
ConcernforotherscanberegardedasasignofsinceritytotheteachingsofIslam.
(ii)MuslimscanattainparadisebybeingobedienttoAllah.Muslimsbesidesfollowingthe
pillarsofIslam,mustbeconsciousofwhatisallowedandnotallowedinIslamatall
timese.g.theyshouldbefairintrading,nottakeribaetc.Examplesorquotesfromthe
Qurancouldbegiventosupporttheanswers.
(iii)AsimpleanswerwouldbethatMuslimsmustfollowthepillarsofIslam.Afuller
understandingcanbedemonstratedbycandidatesbyhighlightingthefactthatatrue
believeraftercompletinghisfardobligationscouldstriveinthewayofAllahbygoingon
toreadhistahajudnamazortarawihprayersorfinancethoselessfortunatethanhimself
toperformhajjetc.
(iv)Godwillshowmercytothosewhopracticeit.MuslimsshouldalwaysbeawareofGods
forgivingnatureandputthisbeliefintopracticeintheirownlives.Allbelieversarepartof
thesamecommunityandshouldpracticebrotherhoodtowardshumankindwhichis
lookeduponfavourablybyAllah.ExamplesoftheProphetshowingmercycouldbe
givenhere.Apersonalexamplecouldalsobegivenbythecandidate.

(E/R)
Question1
Thisisacompulsoryquestionandthemajorityofthecandidateswrotesatisfactory
answers.Part(a)asinpreviousyearswasansweredbetterthanPart(b).InPart(b)
candidatestendtorepeattheanswergiveninPart(a)ratherthanfocusonwhatthe
questionisasking,whichis:howcanMuslimsputtheteachingsoftheHadiththeyare
writingaboutintoaction.OnecommonexamplewhichwasgivenforPart(b)ofHadith(i)
andsometimesfor(iv)wasthat:weshouldgiveourslavesthefood/clothesweourselves
eat/wear.Thatexampleisratheroutofcontextastherearenoslavesinthe21stcentury.
eat/wear.Thatexampleisratheroutofcontextastherearenoslavesinthe21stcentury.
Candidatescangiveexamplesof
treatingtheirdomesticservantswithkindnessorwantinggoodthingstohappentotheir
fellowhumanbeings,oneexamplecouldbethecandidatewantingtheirclassfellowstodo
aswellasthemselvesintheexaminations.TheessenceofHadith(i)Part(b)isnotwanting
theexactsamethingforonesfellowhumanbeingsasmanyanswersstressedbuthaving
careandconcernforothersandthatiswhattheexamplesshouldreflect.

(O/N/2010)

(i)HewhostudiestheQuranisliketheowneroftetheredcamels.Ifheattendsto
themhewillkeepholdofthem,butifheletsthemloosetheywillgoaway.
(ii)Thebelieversarelikeasinglemanifhiseyeisaffectedheisaffected,andifhis
headisaffectedheisallaffected.
(iii)MayGodshowmercytoamanwhoiskindlywhenhesells,whenhebuys,and
whenhedemandshismoneyback.
(iv)Theworldisthebelieversprisonandtheunbelieversparadise.

(a)(i)MuslimsbelievethatlearningandunderstandingtheteachingsoftheQuranisvery
important.AnswerscouldalsodrawacomparisonbetweenreadingtheQuranregularly
andlookingaftercamels,bytendingtocamelsonenotonlykeepsaholdofthembut
benefitsfromthem,similarlybyreadingtheQuranregularlyMuslimsholdontotherope
ofAllahandpracticebeinggoodthusearningthepleasureofAllah.OtherHadithscould
belinkedtotheonegiventoexpandonitsmeaningbymoreablecandidates.
(ii)ThisHadithteachesaboutMuslimbeliefinbrotherhood.ItteachesMuslimsabout
communityrelationsandhowtheyshouldfeel/acttowardsotherbelievers.Good
answerswillgoontosaythatMuslimsarejoinedtogetherinbrotherhoodbytheir
commonfaithanditiswhentheystopcaringaboutthepainandsufferingsofothersthat
thisunityandbrotherhoodgetsbroken.Answerscouldalsodrawcomparisonswiththe
Hadithandstatethatjustastheheadisthecommandcentreandvitaltohumans,
brotherhoodisessentialtoallMuslims.
(iii)TheteachingsofthispartoftheHadithsimplystatethat,Muslimsshouldbefairinall
theirtradedealings.Muslimsshouldbehonestandfairinallaspectsoftrade,whenthey
buy,selloraskbackfortheloantheymayhavegiven.Goodanswerswillgoontosay
thatAllahwilllookfavourablyuponamanwhodealswithothersfairlyandkindlyinallhe
does.ThebettercandidatesmayevenquoteotherHadithstosupportthisonee.g.on
hownottocheatwhenonebuysorsells.
(iv)Abasicanswerwouldbethatthebelieverstreatthisworldasatrialwhilstthe
unbelieversarebusyintheenjoymentofthisworld.Candidatescouldwriteaboutthe
Hadithbeingrelatedtoindividualconduct,themainthemebeingthattheworldisa
distractionfromAllah.Goodanswerscoulddrawparallelsbetweenbelieversand
unbelieversbystatingthatthelatterenjoythislifewithoutacareforthehereafterand
theformerresisttemptationsandleadapiouslife.LinkstootherHadithsabout
rememberingAllahcouldbemade.

(b)(i)MuslimscanputtheteachingsofthisHadithintoactionbyrecitingtheQuran
regularly.
TheycanlearnduasfromitorbecomeHafizulQuran.Goodanswerscouldinclude
TheycanlearnduasfromitorbecomeHafizulQuran.Goodanswerscouldinclude
thatteachingtheQurantoothersandbyfollowingitsteachingscloselyMuslimscan
benefitimmenselynotonlyinthisworldbutthehereafter.
(ii)Muslimsshouldalwaystrytobeawareofthesufferingsofothersaroundthem,beittheir
family,friends,communityorotherMuslimsaroundtheworld.Howeverthebetter
answersshouldfocusonhowMuslimsshouldhelpouthowevertheycan,morallyor
financially.ExamplesofMuslimssufferinginjusticesinKashmirandPalestinecouldbe
giventoemphasizethepointmadeintheHadiththatMuslimsshouldunitetosolvethe
problemsoftheirfellowMuslims.
(iii)Muslimsmustalwaysbehonest.CandidatescouldelaborateheretosaythatMuslims
shouldnotsellsubstandardthings,likewisewhentheybuysomethingtheymustpaya
fairpriceandnottakeadvantageofthesellerssituation.Ifsomethingisreturnedthere
mustbeagenuinereasonorifsomethingisfaultyMuslimsshouldbefairingivinga
refund.ThestrongercandidatesmaywellgiveexamplesofHadithsdealingwithrulesof
tradeinIslam.
(iv)MuslimsshouldalwaysrememberAllahandpraytohim.ByrememberingAllahatall
timestheycangoabouttheirdailyliveswithoutdeviatingfromthepathpreferredby
Allah.Thebettercandidateswilldiscusshowsomepeoplemaygetsoengrossedinthis
worldthattheymayforgetaboutbeinganswerabletoAllah,whereasthosewho
rememberAllahwillstrivetodogoodandtreatthisworldasatemporaryabode.Thereis
anafterlifefarbetterthanwhatthisworldhastoofferandMuslimsshouldstrivetoattain
successinit.

(E/R)

Question1
Inthiscompulsoryquestionthemajorityofthecandidatesdidwell.Part(a)wasanswered
betterthanpart
(b).Inpart(b)candidatesshouldavoidrepeatingtheteachinggiveninpart(a)ratherthe
focusshouldbeonwhatthequestionisasking,whichis:howcanMuslimsputthe
teachingsoftheHadithintoaction.ForHadith(i)itwasimportanttounderstandtheanalogy
ofthecamel.CandidatesgaveagoodresponsetoHadith(ii)especiallyinpart(b)withtheir
examples.Hadith(iii)wastheleastpopularandprovedchallengingtorespondto.
Candidatescouldbeadvisedtobackuptheirexplanationoftheteachingsbygivingquotes
tosupporttheiranswere.g.Ifthedebtorisindifficulty,granthimtimetillitiseasyforhimto
repay.Forpart(b)ofthisHadiththeycouldgiveexamplesofHadithsdealingwithrulesof
tradeinIslam.
Hadith(iv)againbroughtoutagoodresponsefromthecandidates.

(M/J/2011)

(i)AmanaskedtheMessengerofAllah(MayAllahblesshimandgivehimpeace):Doyou
think
ifIperformtheobligatoryprayers,fastinRamadan,treataslawfulthatwhichislawfuland
treatasforbiddenthatwhichisforbidden,anddonothingfurther,Ishallenterparadise?He
said:Yes.
(ii)Itwassaid:OMessengerofAllah,whoisthemostexcellentofmen?TheMessengerof
Allah
(MayAllahblesshimandgivehimpeace)said:ThebelieverwhostrivesinthewayofAllah
(MayAllahblesshimandgivehimpeace)said:ThebelieverwhostrivesinthewayofAllah
withhispersonandhisproperty.
(iii)Nooneeatsbetterfoodthanthatwhichheeatsoutoftheworkofhishand.
(iv)Theworldisabelieversprisonandtheunbelieversparadise.

(a)(i)ItcouldbesaidabouttheteachingofthisHadiththatMuslimsbelievethatAllahhaslaid
downclearrulesaboutwhatislawfulandwhatisnotandhowHeexpectsMuslimstobe
obedienttoHim.ItisbyfollowingthebasicprinciplesofIslamprescribedbyAllahthat
paradisecanbeattainedandtheProphetinthisHadithconfirmsthisbelief.Other
Hadithscouldbegiventosupportindividualanswers.
(ii)TheteachingofthisHadithisthatthebelieverwhostrivestoearnthepleasureofAllahat
alltimesisthebestamongstallbelievers.Somecandidatescouldwriteabouthowtrue
believersnotonlyfollowAllahscommandmentsbutalsousetheirpersonand
possessionstostriveinthewayofAllah.
(iii)ItcouldbesaidthatMuslimsmusttakeresponsibilityforearningtheirownlivelihood.
Someanswerscouldfocusontheimportanceofhowyouearnyourlivingratherthan
howmuch.Yetotherscouldsaythatlawfulearningsthroughhardworkarepreferredby
AllahwhereasrelianceonothersandbeggaryisstronglydiscouragedinIslam.
(iv)ThisHadithisrelatedtoindividualconductandcandidatescouldwellmentionthatthe
teachingsofthisHadithdrawattentiontohowbelieversendeavourtoresistthe
temptationsofthisworldandleadapiouslifewhilsttheunbelieversarebusyinits
enjoymentwithnocareforthehereafter.LinkstootherHadithsaboutrememberingAllah
couldbemade.

(b)(i)InexplaininghowtheteachingsoftheHadithcanbeputintoactionbyMuslims,
candidatescouldsimplysaythatitcouldbedonebybeingobedienttoAllahandgive
examplesofhowthiscanbedone.Othersmightwriteabouttheneedtofollowthepillars
ofIslamandofbeingmindfulofwhatislawfulandunlawful.Examplesandquotesfrom
otherHadithscouldbegiven.
(ii)Sacrificingonestime,moneyandevenlifeinthewayofAllahcouldbeawayofputting
intoactionwhatthisHadithteaches.InanswertothispartoftheHadithcandidates
couldwellgiveexamplesamongstothersofatruebelieverrisingbeforefajrtooffer
tahjudprayers,orsittinginitikfinthemonthofRamadanorfinancingthehajjofaless
fortunateMuslim.
(iii)ThisHadithencouragesthedignityoflabour.ExamplesfromtheProphetslifeandthe
candidatespersonalexperiencescouldbegiveninsupportoftheanswer.Better
candidatescouldreflectonhowselfsufficiencyisgoodnotonlyforindividualsbutfor
societyandhowMuslimsshouldsupportnotonlythemselvesandtheirfamiliesbut
endeavourtolivewithintheirmeans.
(iv)ByfollowingthepathofAllahandbeingmindfulofthedistractionsthisworldhastooffer
andrememberingthatthereisanafterlifefarbetterthanthisworld,Muslimscanstriveto
gainsuccessinthisworldandthenext,couldbeonewayofansweringhowtoputthe
teachingsoftheHadithintoaction.Candidatescouldalsosimplygiveexamplesof
themselvesorothersresistingtemptationsetc.

(ER)
Question1
InthisquestioncandidateshadtochoosetwoHadithsanddescribeinpart(a)their
teachingsaboutwhatMuslimsbelieve,andexplaininpart(b)howtheteachingsgivenin
theseHadithscouldbeputintoaction.ThesecondHadithgiveninthequestionpaperwas
theleastpopularone.SomecandidatesarestillrewordingtheHadithratherthanexplaining
theirteachingwhichpreventedthemfromgettingtohigherlevels.Asanexampleforthefirst
Hadithgiveninthequestionpaper,candidatesneededtowriteabouthowIslamisavery
simplereligionandthatbyfollowingthebasicprinciplesofIslam,paradisecanbeattained.
SomeanswersrewordedittosaythatsomeoneaskedtheProphetwhethertheywouldget
toparadiseiftheyfastedandprayedtheirsalatandtreatedthingsaslawfulandunlawfulas
Islaminstructed.Theteaching,however,isthatAllahhaslaiddownclearrulesforMuslims
tofollowinordertoattainparadise.HehasalsoclearlytoldMuslimstobeobedienttohim
andthat,byfollowingtheprinciplesprescribedbyIslam,Muslimscanachieveparadise.Itis
importantthatcandidatesrealisethattheiranswercanbesimplebutitmustbeeffectiveand
itmustbringouttheteaching.Themainissuesherearenotlanguageortheuseof
sophisticatedvocabularybutknowledgeandunderstanding.Oneveryimportantpointisthat
whenreferringtootherfaiths,candidatesshouldbetaughtandencouragedtoshowdue
respect.Inthepart(b)answerstothefourthHadith,manyofthecandidateswhoattempted
itwroteofunbelieverscommittingadultery,gamblingandfornication.Theywentontosay
thattheyareallowedtheseactivitiesbytheirfaith.Hereteachersshouldstepinduringthe
courseoftheirteachingandexplaintotheirstudentsthatalltherevealedfaithsarefrom
Allah.MosesandJesusareasmuchprophetsofMuslimsastheyareofJudaismand
Christianity.Allfaithscondemnwrongdoingsandimmoralactions,for
example,theTenCommandments.Creditwasgivenforallrelevantpointsmadeby
candidates.

(O/N/2011)

(i)Onewhomanagestheaffairsofthewidowandthepoormanisliketheonewhoexerts
himselfinthewayofAllah,ortheonewhostandsforprayerinthenightorfastsinthe
day.
(ii)Modestyproducesnothingbutgood.
(iii)Religionissincerity.Wesaid:Towhom?TheProphetsaid:ToAllah,hisbook,his
Messenger,theleadersoftheMuslimsandtotheircommonpeople.
(iv)LethimwhobelievesinAllahandtheLastDayeitherspeakgoodorkeepsilent,andlet
himwhobelievesinAllahandtheLastDaybegeneroustohisneighbour,andlethim
whobelievesinAllahandtheLastDaybegeneroustohisguest.

(a)(i)TheHadithteachesMuslimstheimportanceoflookingaftertheneedsofothers,
especiallythevulnerable.CandidatescouldtalkabouthowIslampromotestheconcepts
ofsocialandeconomicwelfareinsociety.Betteranswersmightincludethatthewider
teachingofthisHadithisthatthereisawidermeaningtoworshippingAllahandthat
includesthecareofothersinsociety.Caringforothersisasimportantasprayingor
includesthecareofothersinsociety.Caringforothersisasimportantasprayingor
fasting.
(ii)ThisHadithemphasisesmodestyasbeingthekeytogoodconduct.Italsopreventsa
personfromwrongdoings.Betteranswerscouldgoontodescribehowmodesty
developsapersonscharacterandleadsMuslimstowardsintegrityandthusamodest
personwillalwaysstrivetodohis/herbestinallthathe/sheundertakes.Answerscould
alsolinkmodestytofaithasitreflectsastateofmentalpiety.QuotesandotherHadiths
couldbecitedtosupporttheanswer.
(iii)FollowingtheteachingsofIslamshouldbeofprimaryimportancetoallMuslims,which
includesbeingloyaltoGod,theQuranandtheProphet.Thebetteranswerswillbeable
togiveaninsightintotheelementsoftheHadithbystatingthatMuslimsmustnotonly
followthefivepillarssincerelybutmustalsobesensitivetotheneedsofothersandbe
loyaltothecommunityatlargebyobeyingtheleadersetc.
(iv)BeliefinAllahandthelastdayistheforemostrequisiteofbeingaMuslim.TheHadith
alsoreferstotheimportanceofspeakinggoodandactinggenerouslytowardsothers.
Expressingonesfaithinconsiderateactionsandperhapsdiscussingtherightsof
neighbourscouldbebroughtintotheanswers.

(b)(i)Muslimsmustalwaysbereadyandwillingtohelpthoseinneed.Actsofcharityand
kindnessgoontoearnMuslimsAllahspleasure.Candidatescouldlistafewactsof
humanityandbetteranswersmaydiscusshowtheyareequivalenttopracticingthe
pillarsorfightingjihadinthewayofAllah.
(ii)ModestymustbepracticedinalltheactionsofaMuslim.Theyshouldthinkofothers
beforethemselves.Concernforothersspringsfrommodestyandeliminatesmanysocial
problemsandevilsfromsocietywhichinturnearnsthemodestpersontherespectof
others.Examplescouldbegiventosupporttheanswere.g.loweringonesgazeinthe
presenceoftheoppositesexisanactofmodestywhichactsasashieldagainst
immorality.
(iii)ByfollowingtheteachingsofIslamMuslimscanputintoactiontheteachingsofthis
Hadith.TheyshouldobeytheQuranandtheProphetintheirdailylives.Thebetter
answersarelikelytodiscussthatMuslimsneedtoactwithsincerityinallaspectsoflife,
beitpublicorprivate,assincerityisthemostimportantpartofaMuslimsconduct.
(iv)BeliefinAllahandtheLastDayisanintegralpartofaMuslimsbelief,assuchall
MuslimsmustfollowAllahswillastheyareallaccountabletoHim.Theymustrefrain
fromidletalkandbegenerousandkindtotheirneighboursandothers.Someanalysisof
themeaningandimportanceofgenerositycouldbegivenalongwithrelevantHadiths.

(ER)
Question1
CandidatesselectedfromallfourofthegivenHadiths,thoughHadiths(i),(iii)and(iv)were
themorepopularones.Alargenumberofthecandidatesgottoasatisfactorylevel.They
simplywroteabout,forexampleforHadith(i),theimportanceofcaringforwidowsand
orphans.TheHadithmentionswidowsandpoorpeoplespecificallybutanunderstandingof
theHadithshouldhavebroughtouttheelementthatIslamteachesMuslimstheimportance
oflookingaftertheneedsofothers,especiallythevulnerableinsociety,andthatthereisa
widermeaningtoworshipthatisasimportantasfulfillingthepillarsofIslam.When
answeringHadith(iv)manywrotethatthisHadithteachesustobelieveinAllahandthelast
dayBeliefinAllahand

thelastdayisarequisiteofbeingaMuslim,asisbeingconsideratetoothersanexpression
thelastdayisarequisiteofbeingaMuslim,asisbeingconsideratetoothersanexpression
offaith.CandidatesneedtoexpresstheteachingoftheHadithsastheyunderstanditin
theirownwordsandnotsimplyrewordtheHadiths.

InansweringPart(b),candidatestendedtogivetheteachingagainindifferentwords.Part
(b)dealswithhowtheteachingoftheHadithcanbeputintoaction.ForHadith(ii)they
couldhavewrittenthatbothmenandwomenshoulddressinawaythatdoesnotreveal
theirbodiesorthatbothmenandwomenshouldlowertheirgazeinthepresenceofeach
otherthatMuslimsshouldbehumbleasmodestyisastateofmentalpiety.Theexampleof
theProphetenteringMakkaatthetimeofitsconquestcouldhavebeengivenorexamples
fromthecandidatesownexperiencecouldhavebeencited.ForHadith(iv)candidates
couldhavediscussednotonlyhowMuslimsshouldbegenerousandhospitabletowards
othersbutalsothattheymustrefrainfromidletalk.Aharmfuloutcomefromgossipingcould
havebeengiven.Theanswerscanbe
simplebuttheymustmeettherequirementofthequestionwhichforPart(a)iswhatisthe
teachinggivenintheHadithandforPart(b)ishowcanthatteachingbeputintoaction.

[M/J/12]

(i)LethimwhobelievesinAllahandtheLastDayeitherspeakgoodorkeepsilent,andlet
himwhobelievesinAllahandtheLastDaybegeneroustohisneighbour,andlethim
whobelievesinAllahandtheLastDaybegeneroustohisguest.
(ii)Goddoesnotlookatyourformsandyourpossessions,buthelooksatyourheartsand
yourdeeds.
(iii)Religionissincerity.Wesaid:Towhom?TheProphetsaid:ToAllah,hisBook,His
Messenger,theleadersoftheMuslimsandtotheircommonpeople.
(iv)Nooneeatsbetterfoodthanthatwhichheeatsoutoftheworkofhishand.

(a)(i)CandidatescouldsimplystatethatbeliefinAllahandthelastdayarethehallmarksof
beingaMuslim.Themoreablecandidatescouldstressupontheneedtoshowcareand
generositytothosearoundinordertobeagoodMuslim.ReferencestootherHadiths
abouttherightsofneighboursandgueststoshowthatIslampromotesgoodwillto
otherscanbecitedhere.

(ii)TheprimaryteachingofthisHadithisthatactionsshallbejudgedbyintentions.Godis
notinterestedinapersonswealthbutwithwhatisintheirheartandthisisanelementof
theHadiththatthemoreablecandidateswilldiscusswhilstbringingtotheforehowa
trueMuslimsconductisthecriteriaoftruefaith.

(iii)SomeanswerscouldsimplyexplaintheteachingsofthisHadithbystatingthatMuslims
mustbeloyaltoGod,theQuranandtheProphet.Themoreinsightfulanswerswill
howeverdiscusshowMuslimsneedtonotonlyunderstandthebasicteachingsofIslam
andsincerelyfollowitsfivepillarsbutthattheyneedtobesensitivetotheneedsofother
peoplewhilstbeingloyalmembersoftheircommunity.

(iv)Muslimsmusttakeresponsibilityforearningalivelihoodforthemselvesandtheir
families.ImportanceisgiventohowoneearnsoneslivelihoodinIslam,ratherthanhow
muchyouearn.LawfulearningsthroughhardworkarepreferredbyGodwhereas
muchyouearn.LawfulearningsthroughhardworkarepreferredbyGodwhereas
beggingandrelianceonothersisstronglydiscouragedinIslam.

(b)(i)MuslimsmustfollowthewillofGodandbegenerousandkindtopeoplearoundthem
couldbeapossibleanswer,whilstother,betteranswerscouldgoontodiscussthe
meaningandimportanceofgenerositywithreferencetootherrelevantHadiths.Good
answerswillalsodiscusshowMuslimsshouldholdothersinhighregardandbeof
servicetothemirrespectiveofwhotheyareorwhatfaiththeyfollow.

(ii)InalltheiractionsMuslimsshouldendeavourtoseekGodspleasure.Someanswers
mayfocusonhowMuslimsneedtopurifytheirheartsandtheirintentionsandbe
concernedwithactingwithsincerityratherthanappearingpious.Examplesfromdailylife
couldbegivenherehighlightingtheimportanceofgoodactions.

(iii)ByfollowingtheteachingsofIslamMuslimscanputintopracticetheteachingsofthis
Hadith.SomeanswerscouldsaythatatrueMuslimwillnotonlyfollowtheQuranand
theProphetbutwillendeavourtomaintainthegoodofsociety.Sincerityinallaspectsof
lifeshouldbethemostimportantaspectofaMuslimsconduct.

(iv)AMuslimshouldsupporthimselfandhisfamilythroughhisownhardwork.Good
answerswillpointoutthatitisbettertolivehumblybutwithinonesmeansratherthanto
earnunlawfullyoronthehandoutsofothers.ExamplesfromtheProphetslifeorthe
candidatesownexperiencesandlifecanbegivenhere.

Question1[ER][M/J/2012]

Whenansweringthisquestionitisimportantthatcandidatesdomorethanparaphrasethe
Hadiths.Candidatesalsoneedtomakethedistinctionbetweenpart(a)andpart(b)
answersandnotrepeattheteachingsoftheHadithsinbothparts.Itwasalsofoundthatin
somecasestheytookakeywordfromtheHadithandrepeatedite.g.intheHadithReligion
issincerityanswersreadWeshouldbesinceretoAllahandsinceretotheQuranand
weshouldreadit.ThisisasuperficialunderstandingoftheHadith.Goodorverygood
answersshouldbeabletodiscussthatsinceritytoAllahreferstothebeliefinHisOneness
andHimbeingallpowerful.SinceritytotheQuranreferstoreadingit,understandingits
teachingsandimplementingthoseteachings.ExamplesfromtheProphetstimecouldhave
beengiven.

Inpart(b)answerstherewasrepetitionfrompart(a)andmanycandidateswroteaboutthe
teachingsbyrewordingthem.ForthefourthHadithonthequestionpaperthemajority
focusedonhalalandharamearnings.Candidatescouldhavewrittenaboutthedignityof
labourandlivingwithinonesmeansandthatasimplehonestlivingshouldnotbelooked
downupon.CandidatescouldthenhavetalkedabouthowtheProphetearnedhislivelihood
bybeingashepherdorhowheparticipatedinthediggingofthetrenchduringthebattleof
KhandiqorintheconstructionofthemosqueinMadinaandthathedidnotconsideranyjob
beneathhisdignity.Actionisthekeywordtobearinmindwhenwritingpart(b)answers.

[O/N/12]
(i)Everyperson'severyjointmustperformacharityeverydaythesuncomesup:to
actjustlybetweentwopeopleisacharitytohelpamanwithhismount,lifting
himontoitorhoistinguphisbelongingsontoitisacharityagoodwordisa
charityeverystepyoutaketoprayersisacharityandremovingaharmfulthing
fromtheroadisacharity.
(ii)Godwillnotshowmercytohimwhodoesnotshowmercytoothers.
(iii)Onewhomanagestheaffairsofthewidowandthepoormanisliketheonewho
exertshimselfinthewayofAllah,ortheonewhostandsforprayerinthenightor
fastsintheday.
(iv)TheMessengerofAllah(mayAllahblesshimandgivehimpeace)sentAbuMusa
andMu'adhibnJabaltoYaman,andhesenteachofthemtogovernapart.Then
hesaid:'Begentleanddonotbehard,andcauserejoicinganddonotalienate'.

1(a)(i)ThemainteachingofthisHadithisthatIslamisareligionwhichlaysimmensefocus
on
socialresponsibility.CandidatescansimplystatethatMuslimsshouldtakecareofthe
needsoftheirfellowbeingsandthatsmalleverydayactsofkindnesscarrytherewardof
charity.ThebetteranswerswillpointoutthatthetermcharityinIslamisnotrestrictedto
simplyfulfillingthematerialneedsofotherpeople.

(ii)TheteachingofthisHadith,somecandidatesmaysay,isthataMuslimstreatmentof
othersinfluencesGod'streatmenttowardsthem.Thisisabasicanswer,however,good
answerswillhighlightthepointthatkindnessandmercyareintegraltoIslamandto
deserveGod'smercyMuslimsmustbekindtohiscreation.

(iii)Caringfortheneedsofothers,especiallythoseinmostneed,isanexpressionoftrue
faith.Islamstronglypromotestheconceptsofsocialandeconomicwelfareinsociety.
Someanswerscouldwelldiscussthebroadermeaningofibadahwhichincludesthe
careofothers.

(iv)UltimateauthoritylieswithGodandisgiventoaruler,parent,teacheretcasatrustfrom
Him.Themorethoughtfulanswersmaywelldiscussthispoint.Othersmightfocuson
themoreobviousteachingofthisHadiththatMuslimleadershipshouldneverbeby
forcebutbyencouragement.OtherHadithscouldbequotedtosupporttheteachingof
thisHadith.

(b)(i)Arangeofanswerscouldbegiven.Fromgreetingotherswithasmile,toremoving
obstaclesfromthepathofsomeone,towalkingtothemosquetoofferprayerscanallbe
deemedasactsofcharityandwaysinwhichtheteachingofthisparticularHadithisput
intoaction.CandidatescouldgiveexamplesfromtheirownlivesorthelivesofMuslims
andgivetheirownviews.Allvalidresponsesmustbecredited.

(ii)BypractisingbrotherhoodMuslimscanputtheteachingofthisHadithintoaction.Some
couldgoontoelaborateandgiveexamplesofhowbrotherhoodcouldbepractised.
ExamplesfromtheProphet'slifecanalsobegiven.Candidatescangiveexamplesfrom
theirownlifeorthoseofMuslimstoanswerthispartofthequestion.Mercybeingshown
theirownlifeorthoseofMuslimstoanswerthispartofthequestion.Mercybeingshown
tomankindingeneralirrespectiveoffaithcouldalsobewrittenaboutintheanswer.

(iii)Providingresourcesforthepoor,lookingaftertheneedsofthevulnerableareallworthy
actsthatcanbecomparedtofightingjihadorpractisingthepillarsofIslam.Muslims
musthelpothersinneed.Candidatescansubstantiatetheiranswersbygiving
examples.

(iv)Muslimgovernmentsshouldalwaysbefairintheiractionsandshouldpositivelyleadthe
community.SomecandidatescouldbringoutthewidermeaningofthisHadithbysaying
thatallthoseinapositionofresponsibilitytowardsothersshouldbekindandthoughtful
towardsthosetheyareresponsiblefor.Candidatescouldgiveexamplesheretosupport
theiranswersandallvalidresponsesshouldbecreditedwheredeserved.

Question1[ER]

Themajorityachievedasatisfactorylevelinthisquestion.InPart(a)theHadithwaseither
rewordedorthecandidatesstucktothewordingscloselywhendescribingtheteachings.In
thispartofthequestioncandidatesneedtowriteaboutthebroaderteachingoftheHadiths
aswell.Forexample,Hadith(iii)saysOnewhomanagestheaffairsofthewidowandthe
poormanbutitdoesnotnecessarilymeanthattheneedsofonlythewidowsorthepoor
shouldbemet.CandidatescouldsaythatIslamisareligionwithastrongfocusonsocial
justiceandcareforothers,especiallythoseinmostneed,andthatthisisanexpressionof
truefaith.Thetermwidowandthepoormanisgivenasanexample.

InPart(b)somecandidatesgavethoughtfulanswerswhichshowedaclearunderstanding
oftheHadithsandhowtheirteachingcouldbeappliedineverydaylife.Othercandidates
repeatedtheteachingsfromPart(a)orrepeatedtheHadithe.g.forPart(b)ofHadith(i)
someusedtheexamplesfromtheHadith,theycouldhavegivenexamplesfromtheirown
livesorthelivesofMuslims.

[O/N/12]

(i)Religionissincerity.Wesaid:Towhom?TheProphetsaid:ToAllah,hisBook,his
Messenger,theleadersoftheMuslimsandtotheircommonpeople.
(ii)Onewhomanagestheaffairsofthewidowandthepoormanisliketheonewhoexerts
himselfinthewayofAllah,ortheonewhostandsinprayeratnightorfastsintheday.
(iii)Godwillnotshowmercytohimwhodoesnotshowmercytoothers.
(iv)Thebelieversarelikeasinglemanifhiseyeisaffectedheisaffected,andifhisheadis
affectedheisallaffected.

(a)(i)MuslimsmustfollowthefaithofIslamfullyandwithdedication.Theymustbesincere
in
allthethingstheybelieveanddo.AtrueMuslimisonewhoisloyaltoGod,theprophet
andtheQuran.DevelopedanswerscouldsaythatMuslimsmustbeloyaltothebasic
teachingsofIslamandfollowthefivepillarswhilstbeingsensitivetotheneedsofothers
teachingsofIslamandfollowthefivepillarswhilstbeingsensitivetotheneedsofothers
andbybeingloyalmembersofthecommunity.

(ii)IslamrequiresMuslimstoactlikebrotherstoeachother.Caringfortheneedsofothers
especiallyofthosewhoareinmostneedisanexpressionofgenuinefaith.Islam
promotestheconceptsofsocialandeconomicwelfareinsocietyandthebetteranswers
maywelldiscussthewidermeaningoftheHadith,worshippingAllahincludescareof
others.

(iii)MercyandkindnessareintegraltoIslam.AMuslimsconducttowardsothersinfluences
Allahstreatmenttowardshim.TodeserveAllahsmercyMuslimsmustbemercifultoHis
creation.ThisistheimportantteachingofthisHadith.

(iv)ThisHadithemphasisesMuslimbrotherhoodandunity.Islamisareligionofequalityand
theteachingofthisHadithstrikesattherootofalldifferencesbetweenmankindand
drawsattentiontothefactthatallMuslimsarebondedtogetherbytheirfaithandthatis
whatmakesthemafraternity.

(b)(i)MuslimsmustbeobedienttotheteachingsofIslambyobeyingtheQuranand
following
thesunnaoftheProphetintheirdailylife.Theyshouldalsostrivetomaintainthegood
ofsociety.SincerityisanimportantaspectinallthingsaMuslimdoes,privatelyor
publiclyandsomeanswerscouldwellfocusonit.

(ii)TheteachingsofthisHadithcanbeputintoactionbyMuslimsbeingreadyandwillingto
helpthoseinneed.Providingresourcestothepoor,helpingwithchildrenseducationby
supportingthevariouseducationalcharities,etcareafewexamplesthatcanbecited.
GoodactscanbecomparedtofightingajihadorpracticingthepillarsofIslamwhich
earnMuslimsAllahspleasure.

(iii)Allbelieversarepartofthesamecommunityandshouldpracticebrotherhood.The
prophetisthebestexampleforMuslimstofollowheshowedmercytohisworst
enemies.Examplescanbegivenbythecandidateinansweringthispartfromtheir
experiencesorfromexperienceofMuslimstheyknoworhaveheardabout.

(iv)MuslimsshouldhelpotherMuslimsmorallyorfinanciallywhenevertheirhelpisrequired.
ExamplescouldbegivenofAfghanrefugeesbeinglookedafterinPakistanortheaid
providedtovictimsofnaturaldisastersforexample.

Question1[ER]

Forpart(a)ofQuestion1thecandidateswererestrictingtheiranswertojustthecontentofthe
HadithandnotunderstandingthewidermeaningofwhattheHadithwasteaching.Asan
example,Hadith(ii),manycandidateswrotethatMuslimsshouldcareforthewidowsandthe
example,Hadith(ii),manycandidateswrotethatMuslimsshouldcareforthewidowsandthe
poormanandthatthereisalotofrewardfordoingthatetc.Thewiderteachingcouldbethat
IslampromotessocialandeconomicwelfareinsocietyandMuslimsshouldactlikebrothersto
eachother.Caringforthoseindireneedisanexpressionofgenuinefaith.Tobringoutthe
teachingscandidatescouldhavequotedfromtheQuranorotherHadiths.Itissaidin
surahAlNisaAnddogoodtoparents,kinsfolk,orphansandthoseinneed.Thetermwidows
andpoormanareusedintheHadithasexamples,theyrefertothevulnerableinsociety.
Forpart(b)theteachingshouldnotberewordedbutcandidatesneedtoshowhowthe
teachingsoftheHadithscanbeputintoaction.Practicalexamplescanbecitedhere.

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