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OBJECTIVES

By the end of todays session you will be able to:

Make a definition of Public Speaking.

Discuss the benefits of Public speaking

Discuss in brief the history of Public Speaking.

Identify the elements of Public Speaking.

Recognize the importance of Public Speaking and the types of


PS.
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PUBLIC SPEAKING

process of speaking to a group of people

a structured, deliberate manner

inform influence entertain

the listeners
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THE TRADITION OF PUBLIC
SPEAKING
Watch the following video:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_BrotS2idb8

Take notes of relevant information.

Compare your notes to your partners.

Based on your notes summarize the information together.

Share with the class


+ THE TRADITION OF PUBLIC
SPEAKING
The oldest handbook on effective speech papyrus Egypt 4500 years ago

Classical Era (Greece & Rome) PS important in education and civic life. Greece:
Aristotles Rhetoric.
Rome: Cicero's 5 cannons of rhetoric:
memory, arrangement, invention, delivery, style.

The Medieval Period


The Church focused on persuasion and developing public presentation to improve
preaching: St Augustine.

Today:
Modification of public speaking as societies and cultures have changed.
Use of technological advancements.
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WHY IS PUBLIC SPEAKING
IMPORTANT?
In groups make a list of reasons to complete the following idea and
share it with the class.

Public speaking is a powerful tool to use for


purposes such as:

Motivation Influence Persuasion

Informing Entertaining
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PUBLIC SPEAKING VS DAILY


CONVERSATION
PUBLIC SPEAKING DAILY CONVERSATION

-Organizing your
-More highly structured thoughts -No detailed planning or
preparation
- More formal language - Tailoring your
message to audience -Speakers may use slang
- Requires a different jargon, and bad grammar
method of delivery - Telling a story for
maximum impact. - People talk quietly,
- Adapt their voices, interject stock phrases
Assume a more erect - Adapting to listener
feedback. such as like and you
posture. Avoid distracting know; adopt a casual
mannerism and verbal posture and use
habits vocalized pauses
(uhm, er)
+ The Process of Speech
Communication
The sender or encoder.
Speaker Know the subject
Be enthusiastic.

Whatever the speaker communicates to someone


Message else.
Verbal and non-verbal

The means by which the message in communicated.


Channel
Example: Mass media, social media or in person

The person who receives the speakers message.


Listener Frame of reference: knowledge, experience, goals,
values and attitudes.
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The messages, usually nonverbal,
Feedback sent from a listener to a speaker.

Anything that impedes the


Interference communication of a message.
Types: Internal or external.

The time and place in which speech


communication occurs.
Situation Occasion
Physical setting.
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WHAT IS VERBAL COMMUNICATION?

The communication in which the sender uses words,


whether spoken or written, to transmit the message to
the receiver is known as Verbal Communication.
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WHAT IS NON-VERBAL
COMMUNICATION?
Communication without words.
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WHAT DOES NON-VERBAL
COMMUNICATION INVOLVE?
Body Movements (Kinesics), for example, hand gestures or nodding or shaking
the head;
Posture, or how you stand or sit, whether your arms are crossed, and so on;
Eye Contact, where the amount of eye contact often determines the level of
trust and trustworthiness;
Para-language, or aspects of the voice apart from speech, such as pitch, tone,
and speed of speaking;
Closeness or Personal Space (Proxemics), which determines the level of
intimacy;
Facial Expressions, including smiling, frowning and even blinking; and
Physiological Changes, for example, sweating or blinking more when nervous.
Find more at: http://www.skillsyouneed.com/ips/nonverbal-communication.html#ixzz3ic74p82D
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Read The Art of Public Speaking Chapter 1.

pp. 6-8 similarities and differences between


public speaking and everyday conversation.