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Article 430 Motors, Motor Circuits, and Controllers 430.

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TABLE 430.22(E) Duty-Cycle Service c. Overcurrent protection is provided in accordance


with 240.4(D)(1)(2).
Nameplate Current Rating Percentages

30- & 60- (2) 16 AWG Copper. Where installed in a cabinet or enclo-
5-Minute 15-Minute Minute Continuous sure, 16 AWG individual copper conductors, copper conduc-
Classification of Rated Rated Rated Rated tors that are part of a jacketed multiconductor cable
Service Motor Motor Motor Motor assembly, or copper conductors in a flexible cord shall be
permitted under either of the following sets of conditions:
Short-time duty 110 120 150
operating (1) Motor circuits with a full-load ampacity greater than 5.5
valves, raising
or lowering amperes and less than or equal to 8 amperes if all the
rolls, etc. following conditions are met:
Intermittent duty 85 85 90 140 a. The circuit is protected in accordance with 430.52.
freight and b. The circuit is provided with maximum Class 10
passenger overload protection in accordance with 430.32.
elevators, tool c. Overcurrent protection is provided in accordance
heads, pumps,
drawbridges, with 240.4(D)(2)(2).
turntables, etc.
(for arc welders,
(2) Motor circuits with a full-load ampacity of 5.5 amperes
see 630.11) or less if all the following conditions are met:
Periodic duty rolls, 85 90 95 140 a. The circuit is protected in accordance with 430.52.
ore- and coal- b. The circuit is provided with maximum Class 20
handling
overload protection in accordance with 430.32.
machines, etc.
c. Overcurrent protection is provided in accordance
Varying duty 110 120 150 200 with 240.4(D)(2)(2).
Note: Any motor application shall be considered as continuous duty
unless the nature of the apparatus it drives is such that the motor will
not operate continuously with load under any condition of use. This section was rewritten for the 2011 Code to correlate the
detailed requirements for applying small motor circuit con-
ductors in Article 430 with those found in NFPA 79, Electri-
(G) Conductors for Small Motors. Conductors for small cal Standard for Industrial Machinery. The requirement of
motors shall not be smaller than 14 AWG unless otherwise this section limits the type of conductors that can be utilized
permitted in 430.22(G)(1) or (G)(2). or limits their location to a protected area such as a cabinet
or enclosure. It then specifies the classes of overload relays
(1) 18 AWG Copper. Where installed in a cabinet or enclo- and the sizes of overcurrent protective devices, based upon
sure, 18 AWG individual copper conductors, copper conduc- the motor full-load amperes.
tors that are part of a jacketed multiconductor cable
assembly, or copper conductors in a flexible cord shall be
permitted, under either of the following sets of conditions: 430.23 Wound-Rotor Secondary
(1) Motor circuits with a full-load ampacity greater than 3.5 (A) Continuous Duty. For continuous duty, the conductors
amperes or less than or equal to 5 amperes if all the fol- connecting the secondary of a wound-rotor ac motor to its
lowing conditions are met: controller shall have an ampacity not less than 125 percent
of the full-load secondary current of the motor.
a. The circuit is protected in accordance with 430.52.
b. The circuit is provided with maximum Class 10
overload protection in accordance with 430.32. (B) Other Than Continuous Duty. For other than contin-
c. Overcurrent protection is provided in accordance uous duty, these conductors shall have an ampacity, in per-
with 240.4(D)(1)(2). cent of full-load secondary current, not less than that
specified in Table 430.22(E).
(2) Motor circuits with a full-load ampacity of 3.5 amperes
or less if all the following conditions are met: (C) Resistor Separate from Controller. Where the sec-
a. The circuit is protected in accordance with 430.52. ondary resistor is separate from the controller, the ampacity
b. The circuit is provided with maximum Class 20 of the conductors between controller and resistor shall not
overload protection in accordance with 430.32. be less than that shown in Table 430.23(C).

National Electrical Code Handbook 2011 613