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Prairie and Qubec Mtis territoriality: interstices territoriales and the

cartography of in-between identity.

AMICUS No. 32118919

NLC COPIES: NL Stacks - Mic.F. TJ- 99540

NL Stacks - Mic.F. TJ- 99540 - Copy 2

NAME(S):*Rivard, tienne, 1973-

TITLE(S): Prairie and Qubec Mtis territoriality [microform] :
interstices territoriales and the cartography of
in-between identity
PUBLISHER: Ottawa : Library and Archives Canada = Bibliothque et
Archives Canada, [2005]
DESCRIPTION: 4 microfiches.

SERIES: Canadian theses = Thses canadiennes.

NOTES: Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of British Columbia, 2005.
Includes bibliographical references.
This thesis is a historical and contemporary
exploration of Prairie and Qubec Mtis. The Mtis,
individuals of mixed Native and non-Native ancestry,
have been constitutionally recognised as Aboriginal
people(s) in Canada since 1982. They are the result of
the numerous episodes of 'mtissage' that have occurred
in the course of Canada's history. 'Mtissage' emerged
early in the French Regime, as the intermingling of
"Indian" and "white" blood was an inescapable outcome
of the fur trade economy. In spite of this long history
and recent official recognition, the mixed cultural
origins of the Mtis have challenged many aspects of
Canadian society--its conception of aboriginality, its
ethnic classifications and policies, and its conception
of territorial integrity. On the other hand, the Mtis
also represent an opportunity for Canada to question
its conceptions of aboriginality and to outline
possible paths of reflection about the country's
socio-political landscape. This thesis approaches these
paths indirectly by exploring the historical importance
of Mtis geographies in the development of Canada. More
specifically, it aims to identify the changing patterns
of Mtis territoriality--the changing Mtis sense of
identity and territory. My historical exploration is
largely based on an investigation of colonial maps, on
which I have sought territorial markers (material,
political, and symbolic) that identify the existence of
'mtissage' and the Mtis. The visual nature of maps
makes them influential territorial discourses and
efficient means by which Mtis geography and
territoriality can be identified as well as the mental
conceptions Canadians have of the country. This study
of colonial maps is complemented by the analysis of
Mtis oral tradition as revealed by stories, individual
accounts, songs, and place names. I also investigate
the ways in which contemporary Mtis conceive of

history and the future, and how this affects (or
supports) their self-identification. This contemporary
inquiry is primarily based on Mtis maps, Mtis
official web sites, and interviews I conducted with
Mtis living in different regions in the province of
Qubec. Both historical and contemporary examinations
reveal real regional distinctions between Prairie and
Qubec Mtis, although there have been significant
social and familial connections between the two groups.
Both Mtis peoples also share common characteristics.
The most important one is "in-betweenness," which
appears to be a principal feature of Mtis past and
present territoriality.
NUMBERS: Canadiana: 20052141306
ISBN: 0612995402