You are on page 1of 11

The Homefront

The Selective Service Act


- All males 21 to 36 had to register
- FDRs Four Freedoms Speech: free speech and
expression; freedom of worship, freedom from need,
freedom from fear
- Norman Rockwell paintings
- 16 million Gis
- Passed in PEACETIME!!
- Passed after France fell so quickly to Germany in 1940
The Wartime Production Board
- set up to direct conversion of peacetime industries to industries producing
war goods.
- Ends production of non-essential items
- US produced double as many war goods alone as Germany, Italy & Japan
combined
- Full employment & scarce consumer goods will lead to inflation which led to
?
- RATIONING!
- Bicycles, beer cans, refrigerators, toothpaste tubes, etc. all cut back or
banned
- Other items rationed?
-
Financing the War
- Liberty Bonds (Victory Bonds)
- Income taxes on ALL classes
- To make collection of taxes easier,
payroll deductions began
-
Women in World War II
- How were women encouraged to work?
- If you can drive a car,
- Federally funded day care for children
- Rosie the Riveter campaign
- Women's wages did rise but .
- Negative effects of women working?
- Encountered resistance from male
workers
- Jobs were only temporary until men
returned home
African Americans in WWII
- DOUBLE-V CAMPAIGN - meaning?
- Victory against racism abroad (Hitler)
- Victory against racism at home
- A. Phillip Randolph called on blacks to make a
march on Washington, D.C. protesting for jobs
- FDR signed Executive order 8802 to open federal
jobs to African Americans
- Avoided the march of over 100,000 blacks on D.C.
-
Cont.
- African American Troops
- TROOPS ARE STILL SEGREGATED - NEARLY ONE MILLION IN ARMED
FORCES
- GIVEN ONLY SUPPORTING ROLES (NO FIGHTING) AT FIRST
- BY LATE 1942, GIVEN THE OPPORTUNITY TO FIGHT IN SEGREGATED
UNITS
- MOST FAMOUS: TUSKEGEE AIRMEN

-
Mexican Americans in WWII
- 300,000 in Army
- Shortage of farm laborers
- Brought in from MX 42
- 200,000 to Los Angeles, southern CA
- Barrios
- Zoot Suit Riots
- Looked un-American
- Full scale street riots by June 1943
-
Japanese Americans in WWII
- MOST SIGNIFICANT RACIAL DISCRIMINATION:
- JAPANESE RELOCATION CAMPS
- FDRs Executive Order 9066
- Beginning in Feb. 42, 120,000 will be moved to detention centers &
confined there for most of the rest of the war WHY?
- To keep them from helping the Japanese if they invaded California
- Most lived in CA & Pacific NW & had been born American Citizens
- Sent to 10 different centers isolated areas such as ID, UT, WY, etc.
-
Cont.
- Detainees appealed to the Supreme Court
for protection:
- KOREMATSU v. U.S. in Dec. 44
- Court held that the internment was necessary
for the national security
- BUT, reversed itself in 1988; apology & 20,000
per survivor, tax-free
-