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B737NG/23/308

Satcom

Boeing 737-600/700/800/900
Satcom

Training manual
For training purposes only
LEVEL 3 ATA 23 page 1
28 - 03 - 2011
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Training manual Satcom

This publication was created by Sabena technics training department,


Brussels-Belgium, following ATA 104 specifications.

The information in this publication is furnished for informational and training


use only, and is subject to change without notice.

Sabena technics training assumes no responsibility for any errors or


inaccuracies that may appear in this publication.

No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system,


or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical,
photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of
Sabena technics training.

Contact address for



course registrations
course schedule information

Sabena technics training

training@sabenatechnics.com

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. INTRODUCTION.......................................................................................8 13. TRAINING INFORMATION POINT........................................................52


13.1. Software Loading................................................................................52
2. GENERAL DESCRIPTION........................................................................10 13.2. Satcom Maint Page.............................................................................54
13.3. Last & Previous Leg Report Pages........................................................56
3. COMPONENT LOCATION.......................................................................14
13.4. Class 3 Faults Page.............................................................................58
3.1. Flight Compartment Interface Components..........................................14
13.5. Test Page............................................................................................60
3.2. Aft Cargo Compartment.......................................................................16
13.6. LRU Indentification Page.....................................................................62
3.3. Antenna...............................................................................................18
13.7. Data Loader Menu..............................................................................64
4. INTERFACE.............................................................................................20 13.8. Trouble Shooting Data Page................................................................66
4.1. Power...................................................................................................20 13.9. Ground Report Page...........................................................................68
4.2. Transmit/Receive...................................................................................22 13.10. Configuration Data Pages.................................................................70
4.3. Control and Status................................................................................24
14. SUMMARY...........................................................................................72
5. SATELLITE DATA UNIT............................................................................28

6. FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION..................................................................30

7. RADIO FREQUENCY SPLITTER...............................................................34

8. RADIO FREQUENCY COMBINER...........................................................35

9. LOW NOISE AMPLIFIER/DIPLEXER........................................................36

10. LNA/DIP FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION.................................................38

11. HIGH GAIN ANTENNA.........................................................................40

12. OPERATION..........................................................................................42
12.1. Main Menu.........................................................................................42
12.2. Log On...............................................................................................44
12.3. Directory.............................................................................................46
12.4. Make Call...........................................................................................48
12.5. Voice Communication.........................................................................50

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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS

AFT CARGO COMPARTMENT LOCATION................................................................................ 17 ACARS airplane communications addressing and reporting system
ANTENNA............................................................................................................................... 19 ACMS airplane condition and monitoring system
FLIGHT COMPARTMENT LOCATION........................................................................................ 15
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION..................................................................................................... 33 ACP audio control panel
GENERAL DESCRIPTION.......................................................................................................... 13 ADIRS air data inertial reference system
HIGH GAIN ANTENNA............................................................................................................ 41 ADIRU air data inertial reference unit
INTERFACE - CONTROL AND STATUS...................................................................................... 27 ADL airborne data loader
INTERFACE - POWER............................................................................................................... 21
INTERFACE - TRANSMIT/RECEIVE............................................................................................ 23 AES aircraft earth station
LNA/DIP FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION....................................................................................... 39 APU auxiliary power unit
LOW NOISE AMPLIFIER/DIPLEXER............................................................................................ 37 ARINC Aeronautical Radio Incorporated
OPERATION - DIRECTORY....................................................................................................... 47 ATA Air Transport Association
OPERATION - LOG ON............................................................................................................. 45
OPERATION - MAIN MENU...................................................................................................... 43 ATC air traffic control
OPERATION - MAKE CALL....................................................................................................... 49 ATTN attenuator
OPERATION - VOICE COMMUNICATION................................................................................. 51 BGAN broadband global area network
RF COMBINER......................................................................................................................... 35 BITE built-in test equipment
RF SPLITTER............................................................................................................................. 34
SATCOM - INTRODUCTION....................................................................................................... 9 C center
SATELITTE DATA UNIT............................................................................................................. 29 capt captain
SUMMARY............................................................................................................................. 73 CDU control display unit
TRAINING INFORMATION - CLASS 3 FAULTS PAGE.................................................................. 59 CH channel
TRAINING INFORMATION - CONFIGURATION DATA PAGES...................................................... 71
TRAINING INFORMATION - DATA LOADER MENU.................................................................... 65 cm centimeter
TRAINING INFORMATION - GROUND REPORT PAGE................................................................ 69 CM continuous monitor
TRAINING INFORMATION - LAST & PREVIOUS LEG REPORT PAGES.......................................... 57 CMU communication management unit
TRAINING INFORMATION - LRU IDENTIFICATION PAGE............................................................ 63 config configuration
TRAINING INFORMATION - SATCOM MAINT PAGE.................................................................. 55
TRAINING INFORMATION - SOFTWARE LOADING.................................................................... 53 dc direct current
TRAINING INFORMATION - TEST PAGE.................................................................................... 61 DEU display electronics unit
TRAINING INFORMATION - TROUBLE SHOOTING PAGE........................................................... 67 DFDAU digital flight data acquisition unit
FCC flight control computer
FDAU flight data acquisition unit
FLTNO flight number
FMC flight management computer
F/O first officer
GES ground earth station
GHz gigahertz

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gspd ground speed SATCOM satellite communication


HF high frequency SDU satellite data unit
HGA high gain antenna temp temperature
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization TSPO time since power-on
ident identification tx transmit
IF intermediate frequency UHF ultra high frequency
IFC intermittent fault count upr upper
IGA intermediate gain antenna UTC universal coordinated time
I/O input/output v ac volts alternating current
IRS inertial reference system v dc volts direct current
kg kilogram VHF very high frequency
L left W Watt
LED light emitting diode warn warning
LNA/DIP low noise amplifier/diplexer xfr transfer
LSK line select key
LRU line replaceable unit
lwr lower
MCU modular concept unit
MHz megahertz
mic microphone
MU management unit
obs observer
ORT owner requirement table
PDL portable data loader
PFIDS passenger flight information distribution system
P/N part number
POC power-on count
pri priority
PTT push-to-talk
pwr power
R right
REU remote electronics unit
RF radio frequency
RFS radio frequency splitter
rx receive

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1. INTRODUCTION.

Purpose
The satellite communication (SATCOM) system uses ground stations and
satellites to transmit and receive data and voice messages.
The SATCOM system supplies higher quality data and voice message
signals for passengers and crew over longer distances than VHF and HF
communication systems.

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SATCOM - INTRODUCTION

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2. GENERAL DESCRIPTION.

General
The satellite communication (SATCOM) system is a mobile communication The satellite data unit (SDU) is the system interface andcontroller for the
system which supplies voice and data communication to and from the airplane SATCOM system.
airplane.
The low noise amplifier/diplexer (LNA/DIP) lets the SATCOM system receive and
The SATCOM system supplies three channels of communication. Two channels transmit signals at the same time. It also increases the strength of the received
give voice communication for the flight crew. One channel gives data satellite signals which are a low power level.
communication for the airplane communication addressing and reporting
system (ACARS) network. The high gain antenna (HGA) receives and transmits radio frequency (RF)
signals for voice and data communication. .
The SATCOM system uses a communication link between the airplane and
ground earth stations (GESs) through a network of satellites. The SATCOM program switch module gives the identification code and the
SATCOM configuration options for each airplane.
Satellite Network
The satellite network acts as a relay between the ground earth stations and SATCOM System Connections
the airplane. The satellites are part of the International Maritime Satellite The airplane SATCOM equipment connects with these components:
Organization (Inmarsat). The satellites are in geosynchronous orbit.
- Control display units (CDUs) - The SATCOM control and status pages on
There must be a line of sight between the airplane and the satellite in order to the CDU give control of the SATCOM system. These pages also show
do operational tests of the SATCOM. system status.
- Audio control panels (ACPs) - The SDU sends call light discrete signals to
Ground Earth Station the ACPs. The ACPs send call cancel discrete signals to the SDU.
The ground earth station (GES) connects the SATCOM system to the ground- - Remote electronics unit (REU) - Microphone audio goes to the SDU
based ACARS and public telephone networks. through the REU. Receive audio goes from the SDU to the speakers and
headsets through the REU.
Airplane SATCOM Equipment - ACARS communication management unit (CMU) - The ACARS
These are the components of the airplane SATCOM system: CMU sends and receives data to and from the SDU for datalink
communication with ground stations.
- Satellite data unit (SDU) - Air data inertial reference unit (ADIRU). The ADIRU sends inertial
-Low noise amplifier/diplexer (LNA/DIP) reference data to the SDU for beam steering.
- Top-mounted high gain antenna (HGA)
- Program switch module

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- Data loader control panel - The data loader control panel sends data
from the data loader to the SDU. You use the data loader to load
software into the SDU and to record built-intest data from the SDU.
- Aural warning module - When the SDU receives a SATCOM call from
the ground station, the SDU causes the aural warning module to make
a high-low chime in the flight compartment .
- Flight data acquisition unit (FDAU) - The remote electronics unit (REU)
sends a keyline signal to the SDU when a crew member wants to
transmit on SATCOM channel 1 or 2. The keyline signals also go to the
FDAU for recording.

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GENERAL DESCRIPTION

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3. COMPONENT LOCATION.

3.1. Flight Compartment Interface Components


These flight compartment components interface with the SATCOM system:

- Captain and first officer control display units (CDUs)


- Captain, first officer, and first observer audio control panels (ACPs).

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FLIGHT COMPARTMENT LOCATION

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3.2. Aft Cargo Compartment


These components for the SATCOM system are in the aft cargo compartment
on the E6 rack:

- SATCOM program switch module


- Satellite data unit
- Fan.

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AFT CARGO COMPARTMENT LOCATION

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3.3. Antenna

High Gain Antenna System


These components of the antenna system are in the cabin above the ceiling:

- Top-mounted high gain antenna (HGA)


- Low noise amplifier/diplexer (LNA/DIP).

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ANTENNA

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4. INTERFACE.

4.1. Power
The 115v ac XFER bus 1 supplies power to these SATCOM components:

- Fan
- Low noise amplifier/diplexer (LNA/DIP)
- Satellite data unit (SDU).

The high gain antenna (HGA).

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INTERFACE - POWER

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4.2. Transmit/Receive
General Signal Flow - Transmit
The control display units (CDU) connect with the satellite data unit (SDU) to The SDU modulates the signals from the REU and ACARS management unit.
control the SATCOM system. The SDU sends RF signals to the high power amplifier (HPA) in the SDU.

Voice Operation The HPA in the SDU increases the signal strength and sends signal to the LNA/
The audio control panel (ACP) connects to the remote electronics unit (REU) to DIP.
control the voice signals from the flight compartment to the SATCOM system.
The REU connects with the SDU to send and receive audio signals for the flight The transmit signals go to the LNA/DIP and then through the beam steering
crew. unit (BSU) in the high gain antenna. The BSU in the high gain antenna points
the beam to the satellite by sending the RF signals through the antenna array
Data Operation at different phase angles. The HGA sends a narrow beam to the satellite.
The ACARS management unit connects with the SDU to send and receive data
signals.

Signal Flow - Receive


The high gain antenna (HGA) receives radio frequency (RF) signals from the
satellite. It sends them to the low noise amplifier/diplexer (LNA/DIP).

The diplexer couples the received signals from the antenna to the low noise
amplifier (LNA). The LNA increases the power level of the received RF signal,
and sends it to the SDU.

The SDU receives the amplified RF signals from the LNA/Diplexer and
demodulates them. The demodulated signals are sent to the REU or the
ACARS management unit.

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INTERFACE - TRANSMIT/RECEIVE

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4.3. Control and Status


General Control Display Units
The satellite data unit (SDU) supplies control data and collects failure data for The flight crew uses the CDUs to send control signals to the SDU for SATCOM
the SATCOM system. system operation.

These components have an interface with the SDU for control and status data: Remote Electronics Unit
The REU sends microphone audio from the captain and first officer stations
- Low noise amplifier/diplexer (LNA/DIP) to the SDU. SAT 1 connects to the captain station. SAT 2 connects to the first
- High gain antenna (HGA) officer station.
- Control display units (CDU)
- Remote electronics unit (REU) The SDU sends the received audio from channels 1 and 2 (SAT1, SAT2) to the
- Audio control panels (ACPs) REU. SAT1 audio goes to the captain card in the REU. SAT 2 audio goes to the
- Air data inertial reference unit (ADIRU) first officer card.
- Data loader control panel
- Program Switch Module The REU sends keyline (PTT) signals to the SDU when the crew wants to
Low Noise Amplifier/Diplexer transmit on the SATCOM system. The keyline signal also goes to the flight
data acquisition unit (FDAU) for recording on the flight data recorder.
The LNA/DIP receives an ON/OFF control command from the SDU.
The LNA/DIP sends a discrete BITE signal to the SDU. Audio Control Panels
The ACPs receive call light signals from the SDU.
High Gain Antenna (HGA) The ACPs send call cancel signals to the SDU when the crew pushes the call
The HGA receives control signals from the SDU. The control signals contain the cancel switch on the ACP.
commands from the SDU for steering the beam toward the satellite.
Aural Warning Module
The antenna sends antenna BITE data to the SDU. The SDU sends a discrete signal to the aural warning module to make a
high/low chime.
Program Switch Module When the SDU receives a call from the satellite system, the SDU causes the
The program switch module sends the international civil aviation organization R630 SATCOM aural warning relay to energize. The relay sends 28v dc to the
(ICAO) address to the SDU. The ICAO address identifies the airplane. aural warning module. The aural warning module gives the high/low chime in
the flight compartment.

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Air Data Inertial Reference Unit (ADIRU)


The left ADIRU sends this data to the SDU:

- Present position
- Ground speed
- Track angle
- True heading
- Pitch angle
- Roll angle
- Inertial altitude.

The SDU uses this data for location, attitude and computed Doppler
correction. The SDU uses the data to compute beam steering commands for
the antenna system.

Data Loader Control Panel


The SDU can send SATCOM system status reports to the data loader. The SDU
can receive system operation programs from a data loader. The data loader
control panel sends a data load enable signal to the SDU.

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INTERFACE - CONTROL AND STATUS

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5. SATELLITE DATA UNIT.

Purpose
The satellite data unit (SDU) is the system interface and controller for the
SATCOM system. It contains the system operation software. The SDU also
contains position and frequency data for each satellite.

Physical Description

- SRT FAULT - shows red if the SDU has an internal fault.


- ANT FAULT - shows red if the antenna system has a fault.
- CHANNEL MODULE - shows amber if channels fail. Flashes to show the
number of failed channels, three flashes for a failed channel module.
- CTU AVAILABLE - shows green if cabin telecommunication unit
interface is operational.
- LOG ON STATUS - shows green if the Aircraft Earth System has
successfully logged on to the SATCOM system.
- SELF TEST PASS - shows green after a self test if the SRT FAULT or ANT
FAULT are not lit.

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SATELITTE DATA UNIT

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6. FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION.

General
The satellite data unit (SDU) is the system interface and controller for the The common IF frequency goes to a mixer. It mixes the common IF frequency
SATCOM system. It contains system operation programs. with the transmit synthesizer input frequency. The new frequency goes to the
The SDU has these components: RFU.

- Intermediate frequency (IF) processor Receive Synthesizer


- Receive synthesizer The receive synthesizer receives the reference frequency signal from the IF
- Modem processor. It also gets error correction signals from the modem. The receive
- Transmit synthesizer synthesizer uses these inputs to send the correct frequency to the IF processor.
- ARINC 429 input/output (I/O)
- Audio interface Modem
- System processor. The modem is an interface between the IF processor and the rest of the SDU.
It changes analog signals to digital signals for the receive synthesizer. It also
Intermediate Frequency Processor gets frequency correction data for the transmit synthesizer.
The IF processor receives signals from the radio frequency unit (RFU).
The received signals go to filter circuits which separate the message The link processor provides error correction and removes message data from
and 10.24 MHz reference signals. the received signal. It sends the message data to the system processor.

The reference signals go to the receive and transmit synthesizers. Transmit Synthesizer
This synchronizes the SDU synthesizers to the 10.24 MHz frequency standard The transmit synthesizer receives the 10.24 MHz frequency reference from the
in the RFU. IF processor. It also gets signals from the modem to tune the IF processor to
the correct output frequency.
The message signals go through filter and demodulator circuits and then to
the modem. The filter/demodulator uses the input frequency from the receive The synthesizer may also get commands from the modem to correct for
synthesizer to remove the carrier frequency. Doppler shift as the airplane flies to or away from the satellite.

The IF processor receives transmit signals from the modem.


The IF processor filters change these signals to a common IF frequency and
remove any unwanted signals.

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ARINC 429 Input/Output Circuits System Processor


The ARINC 429 input/output (I/O) circuits control the interface between the The system processor controls all operations of the SDU and operates the
SATCOM components and other systems. complete SATCOM system. It sends call light signals to and receives call cancel
signals from the ACPs. The memory keeps these data:
The SDU gets manual commands and data entries from the control display
units (CDUs) on the CDU buses. The SDU sends BITE status and system - System operation
configuration data to the CDUs on the SDU bus. - Satellite identification
- Ground station identification
The SDU gets airplane position data from the left ADIRU. The SDU uses the - Channel frequencies.
airplane position data to select the antenna system nearest the antenna.

The data loader control panel controls the interface between a data loader
and the SDU. This interface is used to load system operation programs. The
data loader control panel sends a discrete to the SDU to enable the processor
to accept new system operation programs through the ARINC 429 input/
output circuits.

Audio Interface
The audio interface connects the SDU to the remote electronics unit (REU). It
changes analog audio from the REU to digital data for the SDU.

The audio interface also changes the digital SDU data to analog voice signals
for the REU.

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FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION

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7. RADIO FREQUENCY SPLITTER.

Purpose
The radio frequency splitter (RFS) lets the SATCOM system operate with
multiple antennas.
One transmit signal from the radio frequency unit (RFU) enters the RFS.
The RFS sends the signal to the low noise amplifier/diplexers (LNA/DIPs).

RF SPLITTER

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8. RADIO FREQUENCY COMBINER.

Purpose
The radio frequency combiner (RFC) lets the SATCOM system operate with
more than one antenna.
The RFC gets receive signals from the low noise amplifier/diplexers (LNA/DIPs).

RF COMBINER

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9. LOW NOISE AMPLIFIER/DIPLEXER.

Purpose
The Low-Noise Amplifier and Diplexer (LNA/DIP) are put together into one
unit. The LNA/DIP is a filter and an amplifier. It lets the SATCOM system receive
and transmit signals at the same time.
It also increases the strength of received low level satellite signals.

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LOW NOISE AMPLIFIER/DIPLEXER

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10. LNA/DIP FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION.

General BITE Board


The LNA/DIP has these parts: The BITE board monitors the LNA/DIP on/off signal. The LNA/ DIP gets this
signal from a BSU in the high gain antenna (HGA) to turn on or turn off the
- Low noise amplifier LNA/DIP. Only one BSU in the high gain antenna (HGA) and one LNA/DIP pair
- Diplexer operate at a time. The BITE board also monitors the amplifier and sends failure
- Transmit/receive switch data to the BSU in the high gain antenna (HGA).
- BITE board.

Low Noise Amplifier


The low noise amplifier increases the strength of the received RF signals from
the antennas and sends them to the radio frequency combiner (RFC).

Diplexer
The diplexer has two filters, one for the transmit signal and one for the receive
signal. The transmit filter lets the signal go from the high power relay (HPR) to
the beam steering unit (BSU) in the high gain antenna (HGA). The receive filter
lets the signal go from the BSU in the high gain antenna (HGA) to the low
noise amplifier.

Transmit/Receive Switch
The transmit/receive switch connects the diplexer to the BSU in the high
gain antenna (HGA). In the transmit mode, it receives the RF signal from the
transmit filter in the diplexer and sends it to the BSU in the high gain antenna
(HGA). In the receive mode, it receives the RF signal from the BSU in the high
gain antenna (HGA) and sends it to the receive filter in the diplexer.

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LNA/DIP FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION

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11. HIGH GAIN ANTENNA.

Purpose
The top-mounted high gain antenna (HGA) transmits and receives signals.

Functional Description
The HGA is an electronically steerable phased array.
Simultaneous transmission and reception of satellite signals (full duplex
operation) is accomplished through the use of two different operational
frequency bands: receive (Rx) band, and transmit (Tx) band.
Beam steering of the HGA is performed via serial transmission of phase
shifter data from the BSU. RF signals are transmitted to and received from the
Diplexer/LNA unit.

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HIGH GAIN ANTENNA

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12. OPERATION.

12.1. Main Menu


General
The control display unit (CDU) has SATCOM pages that give control and status
of the SATCOM system. You access the SATCOM pages from the MENU page
on the CDU.

SATCOM Main Menu


To show the SATCOM MAIN MENU, push the MENU key on the CDU and then
push the line select key (LSK) adjacent to <SAT.
The SATCOM main menu shows this data:

- Name selected for call on channel 1 or 2.


- Call controls
- SATCOM directory access
- Log-on menu access
- BITE menu access and present BITE status.
- MAINTENANCE access.
- CONFIG access.

For each channel, SATCOM shows this data:

- Channel status
- Call commands or status
- Call destination name chosen from the directory.

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OPERATION - MAIN MENU

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12.2. Log On.


General
SATCOM communication is possible when these three parts connect together After the airplane logs on, the log-on data goes to all ground station networks
with normal telephone equipment on the ground: so that any of the ground stations can locate a specified airplane SATCOM
system.
- Aircraft earth station (AES) - the SATCOM system on the airplane
- Space segment - the satellite If the system is logged-off, select the LSK adjacent to AUTO LOG-ON to make
- Ground earth station (GES) - the ground based SATCOM system. the system log-on to a satellite and GES.

The SATCOM system on the airplane controls the connection of the aircraft Manual Log-On
earth station to the ground earth station. This process is called a log-on. Use the control display unit (CDU) to see the SATCOM-main menu. Push the
line select key (LSK) adjacent to LOG for the SATCOM-log page. The SATCOM-
log page gives selection and control of the manual log-on process. Enter the
NOTE: The ADIRS must be aligned before the SATCOM system can do the satellite and ground station identification numbers and push the LSK 3 left.
log-on. This starts manual log-on. The title field at LSK 1 left shows logon status.

Automatic Log-On at Power-Up If the system is logged off, select the LSK adjacent to *AUTO LOG-ON to make
An automatic log-on occurs when the airplane SATCOM system powers up. the system automatically log-on to a satellite and GES. You may also push the
The satellite data unit (SDU) uses satellite frequencies in memory to find a LSK adjacent to GES-SEL to show a list of ground earth stations. From this
satellite transmit signal. When the SDU finds an active frequency from a screen, you may select a GES and log-on.
satellite, it locks on to it. The SDU then uses the satellite as a relay to connect
to a ground earth station.

Auto Log-On
An automatic log-on occurs when the system powers up. The SATCOM system
uses satellite frequencies in memory to find a satellite transmit signal. When
the SATCOM system finds an active frequency from the satellite, it locks on to
it. The system then uses the satellite as a relay to log-on to a ground station.

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OPERATION - LOG ON

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12.3. Directory.
General
The DIRECTORY page allows you to access the lists of telephone numbers for
making calls using SATCOM.

Telephone numbers and mnemonic identification


The display shows the mnemonic identification and the priority for each
telephone number. The mnemonic identification is a set of alphanumeric
characters which identify a telephone number.
For example, AOR CONTROL is a mnemonic identification.

Make Call or Select Number


Push the line select key adjacent to the telephone number you want to call.
The page changes to the SATCOM MAIN MENU.

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OPERATION - DIRECTORY

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12.4. Make Call.


General
The SATCOM MAIN MENU shows the status of the SAT 1 and SAT 2 channels.
You can make calls, answer calls, and stop calls on this page.

Place Call
Push a SATCOM transmitter select switch on the ACP. Adjust the volume with
the related SAT receiver control.

Push the MENU key on the CDU and then push the line select key (LSK)
adjacent to adjacent to <SAT. The SATCOM MAIN MENU shows on the CDU.

Push the LSK adjacent to DIRECTORY for voice channel 1 or 2.


Push the LSK next to the name you want to call.

Push the LSK adjacent to RETURN to go back to the SATCOM MAIN MENU.
Check that the name selected in the directory shows at LSK 1L if you use voice
channel 1 or LSK 3L if you use voice channel 2.

Push the LSK adjacent to PLACE CALL. The airplane SATCOM system now
makes the call. When the call is connected to the called station, the related
SAT CALL light comes on.

When the called party answers, you can push any MIC/ interphone switch and
speak into the microphone.

You do not need to release the MIC/interphone switch to listen.


When you finish the call, push the LSK adjacent to END CALL from the
SATCOM MAIN MENU.

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OPERATION - MAKE CALL

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12.5. Voice Communication.


General
The crew uses the control display units (CDUs) and audio control panels Push the SAT 1 (or SAT 2) transmitter select switch on the ACP.
(ACPs) to control the voice mode of the SATCOM system. The CALL light goes off. Adjust the volume with the SAT 1 (or SAT 2) receiver
volume control. You hear the ringback tone in the headset.
Outgoing Calls
Push the MENU key on the CDU and then push the line select key (LSK) When the person on the other end of the telephone line answers, push the
adjacent to <SAT. The SATCOM-MAIN MENU shows on the CDU. PTT switch and speak into the microphone.
You do not need to release the PTT switch to listen.
Push the LSK adjacent to DIRECTORY for voice channel 1 or 2.
Push the LSK next to the name you want to call. To complete the SATCOM call, do one of these steps:

Push the LSK adjacent to RETURN to go back to the SATCOMMAIN MENU. - Push the LSK adjacent to the END CALL* on the SATCOM MAIN MENU.
Make sure the name selected in the directory shows at LSK 1L if you use voice - Push the related END CALL switch on the ACP.
channel 1 or LSK 3L if you use voice channel 2.

Push the LSK adjacent to PLACE CALL. The airplane SATCOM system now
makes the call.

Select the priority for the SATCOM call.

When the airplane SATCOM system connects to the ground telephone


network, these indications show:

- The aural warning unit makes a high/low chime


- The ACP shows the CALL light on the SAT 1 (or SAT 2) transmitter
select switch.

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OPERATION - VOICE COMMUNICATION

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13. TRAINING INFORMATION POINT.

13.1. Software Loading.


SDU Software
You can load software in a SDU or download BITE data from a SDU. Put the diskette in the airborne data loader.

You can upload the owner requirement table (ORT) into the SDU. On the CDU, go to the SATCOM pages. Select the DATA LOADER MENU from
the SATCOM MAINTENANCE page.
You can download this data from the SDU: Select:
-UPLD OWNER REQS on the DATA LOADER MENU.
- Owner requirement table
- Call events An indication on the data loader shows you when the data load is complete.
- Data events When the data load is complete, you can verify that the new software part
- Maintenance number shows on the SATCOM LRU IDENTIFICATION page.
- Faults
- System events
- Periodic data.

Owner Requirement Table


The ORT lets the airplane operator change the SATCOM system operation to
meet specific requirements. For example, the operator defines the telephone
numbers and the directories which contain the numbers.

Operation to Load Software


To load software into the SDU, use the data loader control panel.
Select the SATCOM position on the lower switch on the data loader control
panel. Select the left (L/CAPT/UPR) position on the upper switch on the data
loader control panel.

NOTE: On airplanes with one satellite data unit (SDU), you must use the
L/CAPT/UPR position of the upper switch on the data loader control
panel to load data.

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TRAINING INFORMATION - SOFTWARE LOADING

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13.2. Satcom Maint Page.


General
The SATCOM MAINTENANCE page lets you get access to the maintenance Selection of LSK 6R will leave the MAINTENANCE MODE.
data for the SATCOM system.

MAINTENANCE MENU
Selection of LSK 1L will display the SATCOM FREQ Table Menu.

Selection of LSK 1R will display the SATCOM OPTIONS page.

Selection of LSK 2L will display the SATCOM GES PREF Table Menu.

Selection of LSK 2R will display the SATCOM PARMS Table Menu.

Selection of LSK 3L will display the SYS Test page.

Selection of LSK 3R, when enabled, will display the SATCOM ORT RESTORE
menu.

Selection of LSK 4L will display the SATCOM DIR DISPLAY menu.

Selection of LSK 4R will display the SATCOM INDEX MODIFY menu. The
prompt will only be displayed if the ORT protection bits are set to allow
modification of the telephone number directories.

Selection of LSK 5L will display the SATCOM BITE status.

Selection of LSK 5R will display the HSD CONFIG page.

Selection of LSK 6L will display the SATCOM CONFIG page.

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TRAINING INFORMATION - SATCOM MAINT PAGE

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13.3. Last & Previous Leg Report Pages.


General Previous Legs Report
The LAST LEG REPORT and PREVIOUS LEG REPORT pages show the SATCOM If there are no faults recorded for any previous flight leg, the report shows NO
system faults that occurred. FAULT DETECTED.

The LAST LEG REPORT shows faults that occurred during the last flight leg. The report shows two faults on each page. Use the NEXT PAGE and PREV
The PREVIOUS LEG REPORT shows faults that occurred on flight legs before PAGE keys to see all of the faults.
the last flight leg.
The report shows this data for each fault:
Last Leg Report
If there are no faults recorded for the last flight leg, the report shows NO - Airplane identification
FAULT DETECTED. - Leg number
- Date and time the fault occurred (UTC)
The report shows two faults on each page. Use the NEXT PAGE and PREV - ATA code
PAGE keys to see all of the faults. - Classification (CLASS: 1 or 2)
- Maintenance message.
The report shows this data for each fault:

- Time the fault occurred (UTC)


- ATA code
- Classification (CLASS: 1 or 2)
- Maintenance message.

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TRAINING INFORMATION - LAST & PREVIOUS LEG REPORT PAGES

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13.4. Class 3 Faults Page.


General
The LAST LEG CLASS 3 FAULT page shows the class 3 faults that occurred.

NOTE: When a class 3 fault occurs, there is no indication to the flight crew.
Class 3 faults can remain uncorrected until a routine scheduled
maintenance check.

Last Leg Report


If there are no class 3 faults recorded for the last flight leg, the report shows
NO FAULT DETECTED.

The report shows two faults on each page. Use the NEXT PAGE and PREV
PAGE keys to see all of the faults.

The report shows these data for each fault:

- Time the fault occurred (UTC)


- ATA code
- Maintenance message.

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TRAINING INFORMATION - CLASS 3 FAULTS PAGE

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13.5. Test Page.


General
The SAT TEST page lets you start these tests: Push the SAT-1 (or SAT-2) MIC switch at an ACP to the ON position, push and
hold a PTT switch and speak into the microphone. Use a headset to listen
- Self-test of the SATCOM system while you speak. Make sure that you hear a good quality of sound.
- Audio Interface
To stop the audio interface check, select the LSK adjacent to <ON/OFF below
Self-Test the TALKOUT. The SDU will turn off the CALL lights on the ACPs.
To start the self-test of the SATCOM system, select *SELF-TEST.
During the self-test, the CDU screen shows TEST IN PROGRESS 60S.

At the end of the self-test, if there are no faults, the CDU shows TEST OK.
If there are faults, the CDU shows the faults.
The SAT TEST page shows this data for each fault:

- ATA code
- Classification (CLASS: 1 or 2)
- Maintenance message.

Audio Interface
The audio interface does a check of the interface between the SDU and the
audio system and the chime. It connects the transmit audio to the receive
audio in the SDU. This lets microphone audio from the REU goes back to the
REU as listen audio on the same channel.

To start the audio interface check, get access to the SATCOM MAINT MENU
page. Select the LSK adjacent to <SYSTEM TEST. Select the LSK adjacent to
<ON/OFF below the TALKOUT. This causes the SDU to send the signal for a
high/low chime to the aural warning module and turns on the CALL
lights for the SAT-1 and SAT-2 at the ACPs.

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TRAINING INFORMATION - TEST PAGE

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13.6. LRU Indentification Page.


General
The SAT LRU IDENTIFICATION page lets you verify the part number of these
components:

- Satellite data unit.

The LRU IDENTIFICATION page also shows the identification for the owner
requirements table.

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TRAINING INFORMATION - LRU IDENTIFICATION PAGE

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13.7. Data Loader Menu.


General
The DATA LOADER MENU lets you control data transfers to and from the data When an error indication shows, line 6L shows *ACK ERROR.
loader. Push this command to remove the error indication and show the current status
of the data loader.
Data Loader Status
The information in line 1L shows the status of the data loader. Data Load Commands
The DATA LOADER MENU shows commands in lines 2L, 3L, 4L, and 5L on
The status can be one of these: page 1. Page 2 has commands in lines 2L, 3L, and 4L.

- NOT CONNECTED - The data loader is not connected to the SDU. When the data loader is ready to transmit, the page shows an asterisk (*)
- CONNECTED - The data loader is connected to the SDU, but not ready adjacent to the data load commands. Push the lineselect- key adjacent to a
for loading. specific command to start the data load.
- READY - The data loader is ready to receive or transmit data.
- BUSY - The data loader transmits data. After you select a data load command, the asterisks go away and the
- ERROR - A condition or a fault has caused the data loader to stop command shows <SEL>. The data loader status shows BUSY as long as the
transmitting data. data load process continues without a fault.

If the data loader status is ERROR, the display can show more information. Periodic Data Logging
For example, ERROR-DISK FULL. Use the PERIODIC DATA LOGGING command to start and stop the SDU to
These are the indications that can show with ERROR: send operational data to the disk.

- DISK FULL
- TRANSFER FAILURE
- FILE NOT FOUND
- CRC FAILURE
- BAD FILE HEADER
- BAD OWNER REQS VER
- OPEN DISK
- CLOSE DISK
- WRITE PROTECT
- COMPOSITE ORT NOT ALLOW.

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TRAINING INFORMATION - DATA LOADER MENU

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13.8. Trouble Shooting Data Page.


General
The TROUBLE SHOOTING DATA page shows the details of faults which
occurred during the last and previous flight legs.

Trouble Shooting Data


The trouble shooting data page shows one fault per page. The satellite data
unit (SDU) can store up to 64 flight legs with faults.
The SDU stores no more than 99 pages of trouble shooting data.

When there are no faults stored in the SDU, the trouble shooting data page
shows NO FAULTS DETECTED.

When there are faults stored in the SDU, the report shows these data for each
fault:

- Date and time the fault occurred


- Leg number on which the fault occurred
- The LRU fault
- The LRU fault code
- Time since power on (TSPO)
- Power on counter (POC)
- Temperature of the LRU at the time of the fault (TEMP)
- Ground speed (GSPD)
- Flight phase (PHASE)
- DC state (DC)
- Fault class (CLASS)
- Intermittent fault count (IFC)
- Flight number (FLTNO) (if available)
- Airplane registration number (if available)
- Fault parameters in hexadecimal digits.

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TRAINING INFORMATION - TROUBLE SHOOTING PAGE

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13.9. Ground Report Page.


General
The GROUND REPORT page shows the details of faults which exist on the
ground.

Trouble Shooting Data


When there are no faults, the GROUND REPORT page shows NO FAULTS
DETECTED.

When there are faults, the GROUND REPORT page shows a menu of the
faults. Select the fault you want to see.
The report shows these data for each fault:

- Date and time the fault occurred


- Leg number
- The LRU fault
- The LRU fault code
- Time since power on (TSPO)
- Power on counter (POC)
- Temperature of the LRU at the time of the fault (TEMP)
- Ground speed (GSPD)
- Flight phase (PHASE)
- DC state (DC)
- Fault class (CLASS)
- Intermittent fault count (IFC)
- Flight number (FLTNO) (if available)
- Airplane registration number (if available)
- Fault parameters in hexadecimal digits.

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TRAINING INFORMATION - GROUND REPORT PAGE

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13.10. Configuration Data Pages.


General
The CONFIGURATION DATA pages show the status of the inputs to the
satellite data unit (SDU).

Access
To see the CONFIGURATION DATA pages, select CONFIG on the SATCOM
MAIN MENU page.

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TRAINING INFORMATION - CONFIGURATION DATA PAGES

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14. SUMMARY.

General
This page is for reference.

For more details on the SATCOM System, refer to the wiring diagram and
functional schematic manuals.

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SUMMARY

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