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Engr.

Qazi Arsalan hamid [PRACTICAL PROTECTION ENGINEERING BASIC]

One Case Study (Protection Relay-OC-


Setting)

We need to set overcurrent (non-directional) and earth


fault pick up values for 500KVA transformer (Dyn11) with
%Z=4.75, 11/0.433 KV auxiliary transformer feeder.

= = 10.52632


= =
1.732
1000
= 0.5
1.732 11
= .
=
1000
=
1.732
1000
= 10.52632
1.732 11
= .

1000
= = 0.5
1.732 0.433
= .

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Engr. Qazi Arsalan hamid [PRACTICAL PROTECTION ENGINEERING BASIC]

=
1000
= 10.52632
1.732 0.433
= .
CT Ratios:

We can take CT with ratio ranging minimum from 50/1.


Accuracy limit factor ranges minimum from 10
I took 200/1 CT with class 5P20

Time Over current Relay setting (51);

We selected 120% of Primary short circuit current as our


pick up value.

= 26.24
= 120% 26.24
= 31.488
CT ratio is 200/1, pick up at relay will be
.
>= = = . .

= 552.5
552.5
= = = 17.5
120 % 31.488
If our time grading is 0.3sec, and our expected tripping
time is 0.3sec also (which means our t=0.6sec), our

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Engr. Qazi Arsalan hamid [PRACTICAL PROTECTION ENGINEERING BASIC]

selected time current characteristics will be normal or


standard inverse of IEC then,

= 0.14 0.02
1

0.6 = 0.14
17.50.02 1
= .

Instantaneous Over current Relay setting (50);

We will select 130% of as our instantaneous


current.

= 130% = 130% 552.5


= 718.25
As per CT ratio 200/1, relay will trip instantaneously when
,
.
= = .


Tripping nature of is Definite minimum time

Earth Fault Relay Setting (51N):

= 40% = 40% 26.24


= 10.496

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Engr. Qazi Arsalan hamid [PRACTICAL PROTECTION ENGINEERING BASIC]

At 200/1,
.
>= = = .


=
20%
552.5
= = 52.639
40% 26.24
0.14
= 0.02
1
0.14
0.6 =
52.6390.02 1
= 0.35355
Instantaneous setting for earth fault will be 5 times of
PSM
= 5 52.639
= 263.1955

CT Ratio is 200/1,

.
= = .

Tripping nature of is definite minimum time


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