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# Cognizant Practice Test 3

Reasoning

1.
AB@ \$ d 1 2 f G h 9 2 u V n M N Q O? & 8

If the first half of the above sequence is written in reverse order, which symbol or letter will be of the left of the
symbol or letter from the left end?

1
G
)
2
h
)
3
@
)
4
None of these
)

## Directions for the question:

Each question given below comprises some statements followed by four conclusions at serials I, II, III and IV. You have to assume the
given statements as true, be they different from the generally known facts. Read out all the conclusions and then ascertain which of
them is justified by the given statements
2. Statements- All outlaws are meek.
Some meek (men) are clever.
All clever (men) are foolish.
Conclusions-
I. Some foolish (men) are outlaws.
II. No foolish (man) is outlaw.
III. Some meek (men) are foolish.
IV. All clever (men) are meek.
1
None
)
2
I or II only
)
3
III and IV only
)
4
I or II and III only
)

## Directions for the question:

Each question given below comprises some statements followed by four conclusions at serials I, II, III and IV. You have to assume the
given statements as true, be they different from the generally known facts. Read out all the conclusions and then ascertain which of
them is justified by the given statements
3. Statements- Some fowls are insects.
All fowls are butterflies.
All insects are snakes.
Conclusions-
I. Some snakes are fowls.
II. Some butterflies are insects.
III. Some snakes are butterflies.
IV. Some insects are fowls.
1
All
)
2
Only IV
)
3
Either I or III only
)
4
None of these
)

## Directions for the question:

Each question given below comprises some statements followed by four conclusions at serials I, II, III and IV. You have to assume the
given statements as true, be they different from the generally known facts. Read out all the conclusions and then ascertain which of
them is justified by the given statements
4. Statements- All kings are beggars.
All beggars are labourers.
All labourers are careless.
Conclusions-
I. Some careless (people) are kings.
II. No labourer is king.
III. All kings are labourers.
IV. All labourers are kings.
1
Only I and II
)
2
Only I and IV
)
3
Only I, II and IV
)
4 None of these
)

5. Sub-Inspector Jain travelled from his Police-post straight 400 metres. He then turned left and travelled 500 metres straight after
which he turned left again and travelled for 400 metres straight. He then turned right and walked for another 600 metres straight.
How far is he from the Police-post?

1
1.0 km
)
2
1.1 km
)
3
1.4 km
)
4
1.8 km
)

## Directions for the question:

In the following, three numbers have been given in each question which are analogous to one another. Only one of the numbers given in
four options belongs to the same group. Find that number.
6. 9848 : 8666 : 5288

1
8632
)
2
3538
)
3
8723
)
4
7756
)
Directions for the question:

In the following, three numbers have been given in each question which are analogous to one another. Only one of the numbers given in
four options belongs to the same group. Find that number.
7. 146 : 732 : 629

1
844
)
2
942
)
3
1029
)
4
1012
)

## irections for the question:

The terms given in each of the following questions follow a definite pattern and thus make a series. Find the missing number from the
series out of the given options:
8. 19, 2, 38, 3, 114, 4, (..)

1
228
)
2
256
)
3
352
)
4
456
)

## Directions for the question:

The terms given in each of the following questions follow a definite pattern and thus make a series. Find the missing number from the
series out of the given options:
9. 1, 9, 17, 33, 49, 73, (.)

1
97
)
2
98
)
3
99
)
4
100
)

## Directions for the question:

The terms given in each of the following questions follow a definite pattern and thus make a series. Find the missing number from the
series out of the given options:
10. 20, 19, 17, (..)

1
12
)
2
13
)
3 14
)
4
15
)
11. My house has a number.
[1] If my house number is a multiple of 3 (0 x 3, 1 x 3, 2 x 3, etc.), then it is a number from 50 through 59.
[2] If my house number is not a multiple of 4, then it is a number from 60 through 69.
[3] If my house number is not a multiple of 6, then it is a number from 70 through 79.
What is my house number?
1
78
)
2
79
)
3
76
)
4
75
)

## Directions for the question:

Each of the following questions consists of two statements each followed by two conclusions I and II. Take them true even if the given
two statements are not consistent with the known facts and ascertain applying head to the known facts as to which of the two
conclusions from among the given statements comes out to be logical.
(a) If only the conclusion I is true.
(b) If only the conclusion II is true.
(c) If either conclusion I or the conclusion II is true.
(d) When neither the conclusion I nor II is true.
(e) If both the conclusions I and II are true.
12. Statements- All books are shrubs. All trees are shrubs.
Conclusions-
I. Some shrubs are books.
II. Some shrubs are trees.
1
a
)
2
b
)
3
c
)
4
d
)
5
e
)

## Directions for the question:

Each of the following questions consists of two statements each followed by two conclusions I and II. Take them true even if the given
two statements are not consistent with the known facts and ascertain applying head to the known facts as to which of the two
conclusions from among the given statements comes out to be logical.
(a) If only the conclusion I is true.
(b) If only the conclusion II is true.
(c) If either conclusion I or the conclusion II is true.
(d) When neither the conclusion I nor II is true.
(e) If both the conclusions I and II are true.
13. Statements- All nails are ears. Some ears are eyes.
Conclusions-
I. All ears are nails.
II. Some eyes are nails.
1 a
)
2
b
)
3
c
)
4
d
)
5
e
)

## Directions for the question:

Each of the following questions consists of two statements each followed by two conclusions I and II. Take them true even if the given
two statements are not consistent with the known facts and ascertain applying head to the known facts as to which of the two
conclusions from among the given statements comes out to be logical.
(a) If only the conclusion I is true.
(b) If only the conclusion II is true.
(c) If either conclusion I or the conclusion II is true.
(d) When neither the conclusion I nor II is true.
(e) If both the conclusions I and II are true.
14. Statements- Some parrots are doves.
All doves are peacocks.
Conclusions-
I. All peacocks are doves.
II. Some peacocks are parrots.
1
a
)
2
b
)
3
c
)
4
d
)
5
e
)

## Directions for the question:

Each of the following questions consists of two statements each followed by two conclusions I and II. Take them true even if the given
two statements are not consistent with the known facts and ascertain applying head to the known facts as to which of the two
conclusions from among the given statements comes out to be logical.
(a) If only the conclusion I is true.
(b) If only the conclusion II is true.
(c) If either conclusion I or the conclusion II is true.
(d) When neither the conclusion I nor II is true.
(e) If both the conclusions I and II are true.
15. Statements- Some parrots are crows.
No crow is green.
Conclusions-
I. Some parrots are not green.
II. No crow is white.
1
a
)
2
b
)
3
c
)
4
d
)
5
e
)

## Directions for the question:

Each of the following questions consists of two statements each followed by two conclusions I and II. Take them true even if the given
two statements are not consistent with the known facts and ascertain applying head to the known facts as to which of the two
conclusions from among the given statements comes out to be logical.
(a) If only the conclusion I is true.
(b) If only the conclusion II is true.
(c) If either conclusion I or the conclusion II is true.
(d) When neither the conclusion I nor II is true.
(e) If both the conclusions I and II are true.
16. Statements- Many scooters are trucks.
All trucks are trains.
Conclusions-
I. Some scooters are trains.
II. No truck is scooter.
1
a
)
2
b
)
3
c
)
4
d
)
5
e
)

## Directions for the question:

Each of the following questions consists of two statements each followed by two conclusions I and II. Take them true even if the given
two statements are not consistent with the known facts and ascertain applying head to the known facts as to which of the two
conclusions from among the given statements comes out to be logical.
(a) If only the conclusion I is true.
(b) If only the conclusion II is true.
(c) If either conclusion I or the conclusion II is true.
(d) When neither the conclusion I nor II is true.
(e) If both the conclusions I and II are true.
17. Statements- All lights are trucks.
All trucks are jeeps.
Conclusions-
I. Some lights are jeeps.
II. All jeeps are lights.
1
a
)
2
b
)
3
c
)
4
d
)
5
e
)
Directions for the question:

Each of the following questions consists of two statements each followed by two conclusions I and II. Take them true even if the given
two statements are not consistent with the known facts and ascertain applying head to the known facts as to which of the two
conclusions from among the given statements comes out to be logical.
(a) If only the conclusion I is true.
(b) If only the conclusion II is true.
(c) If either conclusion I or the conclusion II is true.
(d) When neither the conclusion I nor II is true.
(e) If both the conclusions I and II are true.
18. Statements- Some goats are cows.
Some cows are fowls.
Conclusions-
I. Some goats are fowls.
II. No goat is fowl.
1
a
)
2
b
)
3
c
)
4
d
)
5
e
)

## Directions for the question:

Each of the following questions consists of two statements each followed by two conclusions I and II. Take them true even if the given
two statements are not consistent with the known facts and ascertain applying head to the known facts as to which of the two
conclusions from among the given statements comes out to be logical.
(a) If only the conclusion I is true.
(b) If only the conclusion II is true.
(c) If either conclusion I or the conclusion II is true.
(d) When neither the conclusion I nor II is true.
(e) If both the conclusions I and II are true.
19. Statements- All bats are balls.
Some balls are nets.
Conclusions-
I. Some bats are nets.
II. All nets are bats.
1
a
)
2
b
)
3
c
)
4
d
)
5
e
)

## Directions for the question:

Read the following information carefully and answer the questions given below it
A large cube is painted on all six faces and then cut into a certain number of smaller but identical cubes. It was found that among the
smaller cubes, there were eight cubes which had no face painted at all
20. How many smaller cubes was the original large cube cut into?

1
36
)
2
27
)
3
64
)
4
125
)

## Directions for the question:

Read the following information carefully and answer the questions given below it
A large cube is painted on all six faces and then cut into a certain number of smaller but identical cubes. It was found that among the
smaller cubes, there were eight cubes which had no face painted at all
21. How many small cubes have exactly one faces painted?

1
8
)
2
12
)
3
24
)
4
36
)

## Directions for the question:

Read the following information carefully and answer the questions given below it
A large cube is painted on all six faces and then cut into a certain number of smaller but identical cubes. It was found that among the
smaller cubes, there were eight cubes which had no face painted at all
22. How many small cubes have exactly two faces painted?

1
12
)
2
24
)
3
8
)
4
16
)

## Directions for the question:

Read the following information carefully and answer the questions given below it
A large cube is painted on all six faces and then cut into a certain number of smaller but identical cubes. It was found that among the
smaller cubes, there were eight cubes which had no face painted at all
23. A cube is cut parallel to one face by 8 cuts so that all the pieces so formed are identical. If now two more cuts are made
perpendicularly, what is the maximum of identical pieces that can be obtained?
1
27
)
2
40
)
3
36
)
4
None of these
)

24. A man goes tot three temples for darshan, after crossing three rivers. All the three rivers have a special feature. As soon as a
man steps into the river, the flowers in his hands are doubled. (In other words, if a man has 2 flowers, they increase to 4
flowers).The man starts for the darshan with a certain number of flowers. At every temple, he offers the same number of flowers
to God. After he offers flowers at the third end and the last temple, he does not have any flower left with him.With how many
flowers did the man start for the darshan? How many flowers did he originally have, and how many did he offer in each of the
three temples?
1
7, 8
)
2
10, 11
)
3
8, 7
)
4
6, 7
)

25. Lou, Moe, and Ned were at the Heave Health Club on the same day this month; it was there and then that they met.
[1] Lou, Moe, and Ned each began going to the health club last month.
[2] One of them goes every 2 days, another one goes every 3 days, and the remaining one goes every 7 days.
[3] Lou went to the health club for the first time this month on a Monday, Moe went to the health club for the first time this month
on a Wednesday, and Ned went to the health club for the first time this month on a Friday.
On which day of this month did Lou, Moe, and Ned meet?

1
25th of this month
)
2
26th of this month
)
3
27th of this month
)
4
28th of this month
)

## Directions for the question:

26. The points obtained by Thomson for durability is equal to which of the following?

1
LG-sound system
)
2
Akai-color brightness
)
3
BPL flat screen
)
4 Thomson channels
)

27. What is the total number of points earned by all the TVs for channels?

1
490.42
)
2
513.72
)
3
553.70
)
4
572.70
)

28. What are the average points per CTV earned for child lock?

1
80.34
)
2
76.36
)
3
70.42
)
4
86.89
)

29. The sound system of LG is approximately what percentage of the flat screen of Sony?

1
52%
)
2
171%
)
3
59%
)
4
64%
)

30. The points earned by Philips for VCD/DVD is what percentage more/less than the points earned by BPL for color brightness?

1
15.74% less
)
2
15.74% more
)
3
22.84% more
)
4
22.84% less
)

VERBAL

## Directions for the question:

The traditional art of Africa plays a major part in the African society. Most ceremonies and activities (such as singing, dancing, story-
telling, etc..) cannot function without visual art. It can also be used as an implement and insignia of rank or prestige, or have a religious
significance. African art consists mainly of sculptures, paintings, fetishes, masks, figures, and decorative objects.
Sculptures are considered to be the greatest achievement for African art. A majority of the sculptures are done in wood but are also
made of metal, stone, terra-cotta, mud, beadwork, ivory, and other materials. It is found in many parts of Africa but mainly in western
and central Africa. Many ancient rock paintings have been found in Southern and Eastern Africa. These paintings are believed to be
attributed to the Bushman people. Masks and fetishes are often used to scare off bad things such as evil spirits, witches or ghosts. They
are also used to bring about a desired end-break a bad habit, improve ones love life, or kill a natural or supernatural enemy.
There are three basic themes of African art. The first is the dualism between bush and village. African tribes wear masks and
headdresses: the male is represented by the elephant, the most powerful of bush creatures and the female is delicately coiffed to
express refinement and civilization. The second theme of African art is the problematic relationships between the sexes. African tribes
use art as a therapeutic device to deal with the problems and issues dealing with the relations between the sexes. The third theme is
the struggle to control natural or supernatural forces to achieve a desired end. African tribes often use masks in ceremonies (called
Gelede) to please and honor the forces.
For each region in Africa, there is a different style of art. The western Sudanic Region has masks and figures representing legendary
ancestors and religious sacrifices. The central Sudanic Region art includes mud architecture; embroidered textiles elaborate coiffure,
metal and beadwork jewelry, and leatherwork. This style, usually doesnt, represent anything special. The west Guinea Coast Region use
masks and figures to police ceremonies punish people for doing something wrong, settle land-owning problems and starter end wars.
The Central Guinea Coast Region art employs aristocratic materials. Specialized artists create works of art for the leaders that include:
stools, drums, cloth, pottery, terra-cotta, figures, miniature masks, combs, mirrors, pipes, and carved musical instruments. African art
is traditionally essential and optimistic. Without art, there would be no African culture.
31. According to the passage, basically the Africa art is

1
Optimistic
)
2
Pusillanimous
)
3
Pessimistic
)
4
Neutral like other arts.
)

## 32. What art has been attributed to the Bushman people?

1
Terracotta
)
2
)
3
)
4
Ancient rock paintings
)

## 33. A suitable title for the passage could be

1
Art Africa and the Rest of the World.
)
2
African Art-The Reasons of decline.
)
3
African Art and its significance.
)
4
The Legal Functions of African Art.
)

34. Which of the following is not one of the basic themes of the African Art as mentioned in the passage?
1
Male and female representation as marks of different kinds.
)
2
The dualism between bush and village
)
3
The struggle to control natural or super natural forces.
)
4
The problems of relationships between the sexes.
)

## Directions for the question:

Dear Katharine:
I have read the Nabokov stories, and I think they are both perfect. Not a word should be changed. From the way you talked about
Signs and Symbols, I had imagined something like the work of the French naturalists at their most malodorous and ghoulish; but the
details in Nabokovs story are of the most commonplace kind. The point is that the parents of the boy are getting ideas of reference,
too, and without these details the story would have no meaning. I dont see how anybody could misunderstand the story as you people
seem to have done or could object to the details in themselves, and the fact that any doubt should have been felt about them suggests
a truly alarming condition of editors daze. If The New Yorker had suggested to me that the story had been written as a parody, I should
have been just as angry as you say he was (Im surprised that he has not challenged somebody to a duel), and as I should be every
time I get a New Yorker proof of one of my literary articles, if I thought I was obliged to take seriously the ridiculous criticisms made in
the office and did not know, having once been an editor myself, that they were the result of having read so much copy that the editors
could no longer pay attention to what was being said.
Besides this, there is, however, the whole question of The New Yorker fiction about which I hear more complaint than about anything
else in the magazine. It is appalling that Nabokovs little story, so gentle and every day, should take on the aspect for The New Yorker
editors of an overdone psychiatric study. (How can you people say it is overwritten?) It could only appear so in contrast with the
pointless and inane little anecdotes that are turned out by The New Yorkers processing mill and that the reader forgets two minutes
after he has read them if, indeed, he has even paid attention, at the time his eye was slipping down the column, to what he was
reading about. The New Yorker has got to the age when magazines get hardening of the arteries; it thinks it is obliged to supply
something that it thinks its public likes and is continually afraid of jarring that public, though the only thing that any public wants is to
be interested. It is also, as a humorous magazine specializing in comic newsbreaks, morbidly afraid of printing anything that could
possibly seem unintentionally funny.
I am speaking mainly of the fiction; the non-fiction side, it seems to me, has been lately a little bolder. But I have a personal interest in
the fiction side, too, stories in both my last two books that might perfectly well have appeared in The New Yorker and that the only thing
that kept them out was that they were done from a sharp point of view, that they were not pale and empty and silly enough.
I have written this out at length so that you could show it to anybody who objected to the Nabokov story and use it perhaps in your
anti-editing campaign.
I have just read My English Education, and it, too, seems to me perfect for The New Yorker. I cant imagine what doubts you would
have about it. It doesnt get anywhere, it is just a little reminiscence, but in this respect it doesnt differ from Menckens childhood
memories, of which The New Yorker printed any number. If its a question of writing, as I thought you implied, I am not sure what is
meant by the word raiser in the fourth line of page 5, but otherwise I dont see anything to which exception could possibly be taken.
And since I have become aroused, I might go on, in this connection, to protest against The New Yorkers idea of style. The editors are so
afraid of anything that is unusual, that is not expected, that they put a premium on insipidity and banality. I find, in the case of my own
articles, that if I ever coin a phrase or strike off a picturesque metaphor, somebody always objects. Every first-rate writer invents and
renews the language; and many of the best writers have highly idiosyncratic styles; but almost no idiosyncratic writer ever gets into The
New Yorker. Who can imagine Henry James or Bernard Shaw or Dos Passos of Faulkner in The New Yorker? The object here is as far
as possible to iron all the writing out so that there will be nothing vivid or startling or original or personal in it. Sid Perelman is almost
the sole exception, and I have never understood how he got by.
Edmund Wilson
35. Edmund Wilsons chief contention in this letter is that:

1
Nabokov deserves more than a brush-off on account of eccentricities in his writing.
)
2
Literary writing is beyond the scope of the ordinary in any case.
)
3
The New Yorker is blind to superior writing as seen in their treatment of Nabokov.
)
4
The art of writing and the art of editing are always at logger heads.
)

36. Which of the following best describes why Wilson compares Henry James, Bernard Shaw and Dos Passos with Nabokov?

1
to outline the varied influences on Nabokov as a writer
)
2
to express the intractability of literary genius
)
3
to show the tradition of mediocrity The New Yorker has sustained
)
4
to imply that none of the great literary figures would want to be published in The New Yorker
)

37. Which of the following best serves as a substitute for malodorous as used in the context of the passage?

1
morbid
)
2
stale and hackneyed
)
3
scandalous
)
4
offensive and indigestible
)

38. From the letter it appears that the editorial team at The New Yorker objected to the stories because they found them to be too:

1
literary
)
2
conventional
)
3
humorous
)
4
convoluted
)

## 39. Wilsons attitude to The New Yorker can be summed up as:

1
extremely displeased and highly critical of their judgment.
)
2
)
3
disgusted at their narrow vision.
)
4
pleading for a better atmosphere of literary journalism.
)

## 40. Which of the following can be inferred from the letter?

I. Wilson is an author and a critic.
II. The readers of The New Yorker are a high-brow literacy audience.
III. Sid Perleman is not as celebrated a writer as compared to Don Passos of Faulkner.

1
II and III
)
2
Only I
)
3
I and III
)
4
I, II and III
)

## Directions for the question:

In each of the following questions a statement is given followed by two conclusions I and II. Mark your answer as:
(a) If only conclusion I follows.
(b) If only conclusion II follows.
(c) If neither I nor II follows.
(d) If both I and II follow.
41. Statement:
The constitutional amendment carried out in the monsoon session of Parliament prohibits child labour in any organization.
Conclusions:
I. All employers in India must abide by the new rule.
II. All the victims of child labour will now enroll in schools.
1
A
)
2
B
)
3
C
)
4
D
)

## Directions for the question:

In each of the following questions a statement is given followed by two conclusions I and II. Mark your answer as:
(a) If only conclusion I follows.
(b) If only conclusion II follows.
(c) If neither I nor II follows.
(d) If both I and II follow.
42. Statement:
The General Manager, Operations, has proposed to replace the present training programme with a new one, which would bring
the true caliber of managers to the fore.
Conclusions:
I. It is desirable to bring out the true caliber of managers.
II. The earlier training programme was not effective in bringing out the true caliber.
1
A
)
2
B
)
3
C
)
4
D
)

## Directions for the question:

In each of the following questions a statement is given followed by two conclusions I and II. Mark your answer as:
(a) If only conclusion I follows.
(b) If only conclusion II follows.
(c) If neither I nor II follows.
(d) If both I and II follow.
43. Statement:
The pigeon was one of the agents of mail in the past, still in some parts of Orissa pigeon mail is used by the Police department.
Conclusions:
I. The Department of Post and Telegraph has not made any progress in the last century.
II. The Police must be finding the pigeons more convenient as compared to the other sources of
postal delivery.
1
A
)
2
B
)
3
C
)
4
D
)

## Directions for the question:

In each of the following questions a statement is given followed by two conclusions I and II. Mark your answer as:
(a) If only conclusion I follows.
(b) If only conclusion II follows.
(c) If neither I nor II follows.
(d) If both I and II follow.
44. Statement:
Many great scientists are conducting research work on outer space.
Conclusion:
I. Only the space has mysteries and surprises.
II. Outer space offers a challenge to scientists.
1
A
)
2
B
)
3
C
)
4
D
)

## Directions for the question:

In each of the following questions a statement is given followed by two conclusions I and II. Mark your answer as:
(a) If only conclusion I follows.
(b) If only conclusion II follows.
(c) If neither I nor II follows.
(d) If both I and II follow.
45. Statement:
All the black-marketeers of foreign currencies are seen near the port, whenever a new ship arrives. Mr. A, one such black-
marketeer, is near the port.
Conclusion:
I. A new ship has arrived.
II. Mr. A has foreign currency.
1
A
)
2
B
)
3
C
)
4
D
)

## Directions for the question:

In each of the following questions a statement is given followed by two conclusions I and II. Mark your answer as:
(a) If only conclusion I follows.
(b) If only conclusion II follows.
(c) If neither I nor II follows.
(d) If both I and II follow.
46. Statement:
The manager humiliated Sachin in the presence of his colleagues.
Conclusion:
I. The manager did not like Sachin.
II. Sachin was not popular with his colleagues
1
A
)
2
B
)
3
C
)
4
D
)

## Directions for the question:

In each of the following questions a statement is given followed by two conclusions I and II. Mark your answer as:
(a) If only conclusion I follows.
(b) If only conclusion II follows.
(c) If neither I nor II follows.
(d) If both I and II follow.
47. Statement:
Security investments carry market risk. Hence, it is best to consult your investment advisor or agent before investing.
Conclusion:
I. One should not invest in securities.
II. The investment advisor calculates market risk with certainty
1
A
)
2
B
)
3
C
)
4 D
)

## Directions for the question:

In each of the following questions a statement is given followed by two conclusions I and II. Mark your answer as:
(a) If only conclusion I follows.
(b) If only conclusion II follows.
(c) If neither I nor II follows.
(d) If both I and II follow.
48. Statement:
Company ABC has an envious track record in manufacturing top quality cameras with the latest innovations, which ensures
that the end user gets excellent pictures even in bad weather conditions.
Conclusion:
I. No other company has got as much recognition as ABC in this sector.
II. Even a layman can take great photographs using the cameras made by ABC
1
A
)
2
B
)
3
C
)
4
D
)

49. Identify the grammatically incorrect sentence from the questions given below.
A. This work of art is worthy for praise.
B. The political environment is not conducive for economic reforms.
C. He acceded with my proposal.
D. Which newspaper do you subscribe for?
1
A,B,C
)
2
B,C,D
)
3
A,B,D
)
4
All the above
)

Marks: 1

## Directions for the question:

Replace the underlined part of the sentence with a grammatically correct part
50. Out of Americas fascination with all things antique have grown a market for bygone styles of furniture and fixtures that are
bringing back the chaise lounge, the overstuffed sofa, and the claw-footed bathtub.
1
things antique have grown a market for bygone styles of furniture and fixtures that are bringing
)
2
things antique has grown a market for bygone styles of furniture and fixtures that is bringing
)
3
things that are antiques has grown a market for bygone styles of furniture and fixtures that bring
)
4
antique things have grown the market for bygone styles of furniture and fixtures that are bringing
)
Directions for the question:

Replace the underlined part of the sentence with a grammatically correct part
51. Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nations third leading cause of death, surpassed only by heart
disease and cancer.
1
ranks as the nations third leading cause of death, surpassed only
)
2
rank as the nations third leading cause of death, only surpassed
)
3
has the rank of the nations third leading cause of death, only surpassed
)
4
are the nations third leading causes of death, surpassed only
)

## Directions for the question:

Replace the underlined part of the sentence with a grammatically correct part
52. Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, a major goal of education reformers in many states in the 1970s, has
not significantly reduced the gaps existing between the richest and poorest districts.
1
has not significantly reduced the gaps existing
)
2
has not been significant in reducing the gap that exists
)
3
has not made a significant reduction in the gap that exists
)
4
have not significantly reduced the gap that exists
)

## Directions for the question:

Replace the underlined part of the sentence with a grammatically correct part
53. While larger banks can afford to maintain their own data-processing operations, many smaller regional and community banks
are finding that the cost associated with upgrading data-processing equipment and with the development and maintenance of
new products and technical staff are prohibitive.
1
cost associated with
)
2
costs associated with
)
3
costs arising from
)
4
cost of
)

## Directions for the question:

Replace the underlined part of the sentence with a grammatically correct part
54. While all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominating industries and the regulatory environment of the
states obviously determines the types and amounts of waste produced, as well as the cost of disposal.
1 all states face similar industrial waste problems, the predominant industries and the regulatory environment of each state
) obviously determine
2 each state faces a similar industrial waste problem, their predominant industries and regulatory environment obviously
) determine
3 all states face a similar industrial waste problem; their predominating industries and regulatory environment obviously
) determines
4 each state faces similar industrial waste problems, the predominant industries and the regulatory environment of each
) state obviously determines

## Directions for the question:

Replace the underlined part of the sentence with a grammatically correct part
55. The peaks of a mountain range, acting like rocks in a streambed, produce ripples in the air flowing over them; the resulting
flow pattern, with crests and troughs that remain stationary although the air that forms them is moving rapidly, are known as
standing waves.
1
crests and troughs that remain stationary although the air that forms them is moving rapidly, are
)
2
stationary crests and troughs although they are formed by rapidly moving air, is
)
3
crests and troughs that remain stationary although the air that forms them is moving rapidly, is
)
4
stationary crests and troughs although the air that forms them is moving rapidly, are
)