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International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication ISSN: 2321-8169

Volume: 4 Issue: 7 270 - 272

Hybrid Technique to Maintain Consistency in Cache Based Wireless Sensor
Preeti Sharma Richa Mahajan
Department of CSE Department of CSE
Punjab, India Punjab, India

Abstract- Wireless Sensor Network is sometimes called wireless sensor are spatially distributed autonomous sensors. It is a network which
deploy in far way places. Cooperative caching which guarantees sharing of information among various nodes diminishes the number of
communications over the wireless channels and along these lines upgrades the general lifetime of a remote sensor system. In the existing
consistency problem occurs due to outdated data. A novel technique of pull based has been proposed to overcome consistency and reduce battery
consumption. Exploratory results demonstrate that proposed technique is superior to when contrasted with the current method as far as energy
and throughput.

Keywords- Caching, cooperative caching, Consistency, energy consumption

I. INTRODUCTION data networks and WSN. Some of QoS challenges
Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) consists of various and issues are:
wireless sensor nodes where every node is associated with a) Scalability: This is an imperative issue in WSN. As
one sensor or sometime several sensors. These sensor nodes we know, the growths of network become large over
are comprises of radio handset which maintain a fully the geographic area. So, the protocol should be
connected network [1]. These sensor nodes are utilized to scalable in terms of coverage and density of sensor
screen the environmental parameters. WSN do not have fixed nodes [4].
infrastructure and it have decentralized structure. In WSN, b) Self Configuring: Conditions like node failure, link
nodes measure the conditions in nature encompassing them. failure affect the requirements of node. Protocol
These estimations then changed into signs that can be handled design must be self configuring and self maintaining.
a few attributes. Then collected data send to the sink. Then
sink send information to the client through web. C. Security: Security is an important challenging issue
in WSN. Wireless Sensor Networks are defenseless
against security assaults due to show nature of the
transmission medium [5].
a) Security requirements in WSN: Its fundamental
goal is to ensure the data or information going
among the sensor node of the network or between
the sensors and the base station.
b) Attacks in WSN: The essential classifications of
Fig 1 Wireless Sensor Network[3] assault are eavesdropping. The previous
methodology is called passive eavesdropper and later
Various Challenging issues in Wireless approach is called active approach[6].
Sensor Network c) Energy Consumption: The lifetime of WSN depend
upon the energy resources. The energy consumption
A. Routing: scheme is very challenging issue due to is depending upon sensor node. The power during
its inherit characteristic The outline of steering transmission of data is consume the energy. Data
convention is impacted by different testing send from direct path can consume more energy than
components which are brought on by nature of data send from multi-hop [7].
WSNs. Some of these factors are [2]
a) Node Deployment: Node deployment can be done D. Energy Consumption: In WSN, energy is the main
by irregular, deterministic and self sorting out. It constraint. The operations of sensor nodes, for
affects the performance of routing protocol. example, information handling and transmission are
b) Fault Tolerance: WSNs are prone to failure. The vitality devouring It is anything but difficult to
nodes should be dynamic and should not get affect deplete the vitality amid system operation. For
on overall task [4]. instance, in a field observation application, sensor
nodes are distributed. Energizing or supplanting the
B. Quality of Service: Because of their characteristics node batteries is inconceivable. A great deal of
and interaction with physical environments, the research has focused to increase the lifetime of
QoS environment is different from conventional network. The vitality utilization is diminished with

IJRITCC | July 2016, Available @
International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication ISSN: 2321-8169
Volume: 4 Issue: 7 270 - 272
proficiency through right bunch head decision and and operate the aggregate cache space of collaborating
message minimization [8]. sensors. Each Sensor node has its blaze memory. This
memory is in gigabytes. Each sensor node caches the
E. Clustering Approach: Grouping of sensor nodes oftentimes accessed data items in its non-volatile memory
into a cluster is called clustering. Every cluster has such as streak memory. Cache data items fulfill all
a cluster head. Cluster head is selected by members solicitations passing through it. Before forwarding the
of a cluster or may be pre assigned[9]. At that point solicitation to the next node that lies on a way towards the
nodes of the cluster send the information to the data source, it searches its particular zone amid cache miss
cluster head. Cluster head gather the information conditions [13]. In cache affirmation control priority is given
and exchange it to the destination (sink). Clustering to node near to the sink. There is a information strategy
approach reduces the energy consumption and cost identified with the Utility based data replacement policy to
by providing the optimization path. Clustering in ensure that more helpful information is kept up in the
WSN can be categorized as Static and Dynamic neighborhood store of a node.
Protocols that veered off from such approaches:
II. LITERATURE REVIEW Cache Data: In cache data, intermediate nodes are
Liu et al. (2011) has proposed a genetic algorithm based utilized in cache to serve future solicitations as a
Energy efficient clustering protocol (LEACH-GA) with swap for fetching data from their source.
higher probability prediction to achieve long life for WSN[1]. Cache Path: In cache path, mobile nodes utilize the
They added a planning stage before setup and enduring stage cache path to divert future solicitations to the near
in first round. In this new phase each node sends its status node which has the information instead of the far
information for being the cluster head with their IDs and away origin node [14].
current position to base station.
Zhao et al. (2012) has proposed [2] an improved LEACH To provide better correspondence, data aggregation and
protocol for communication. Author has introduced an idea of data compression a lots of research have been done in
vice cluster head. The classical protocols LEACH and wireless sensor networking fields[15]. Optimal caching
LEACH-C wasted large amount of energy in re-clustering diminishes network traffic and provides high data
after every steady phase. accessibility. Cooperative caching is an fundamental plan to
Rajan Kumar et al. [4] has introduced energy proficient handle the request. This decreases, diminish prerequisites, for
three level clustering scheme taking into account weighted transmission capacity, availability and decided which data
probabilities for the race of cluster heads. This new ought to be cached or not in wireless sensors networks [16] .
convention contrasts its execution and LEACH convention in
nearness of heterogeneity. IV. PROPOSED METHODOLOGY
S. Lindsey and C. Raghavendra [5] has proposed power Remote Sensor Network is application based network.
effective social affair in wireless sensor systems. They Sensor is isolated in different parts. Sink nodes sends query
improved LEACH by avoiding formation of cluster. It is messages based upon temperature assume. On the off chance
based on chain of sensor nodes. that temperature not emerges then no reply is given by the
Naveen C. et al. [7] proposed a strategy that utilizations nodes to the sink. But battery degrades due to processing. In
Global Cooperative Caching for sensor networks (GCCS) to cache cooperative networks is conveyed in same manners as
expand its execution. It misuses participation among sensor sensor networks. Nodes are chosen on the premise of a few
nodes and choice with respect to information things. Sensor presumptions. Sensor nodes are store data on cache. Sink
nodes uses caching scheme for caching data related to nodes don't surge messages. It sends message just to selected
transmission. node of each part. Then these nodes give data called
Sudhanshu Pant [11] has proposed information cooperative cache.
reserving systems in remote systems. To make the snappy Assume we have selected four nodes in a network. Sink
access exploit data caching techniques. Caching schemes are send query to the principal node to get the data from that
utilized to refine execution in wireless sensor networks. node. But node 1 has outdated data, latest data is accessible at
Md Ashiqur Rahman and Sajid has proposed few methods node 4. So inconsistency issue happen here. To enhance the
for enhancing WSN energy efficiency. The energy proficient inconsistency problem caching nodes has no inconsistency
information is utilized to screen the control applications via amid replication. Consistency ought to be there amid
the routing protocols. The proposed enhancements are (i) data replication so that any node can give data during query. Since
negotiation (ii) development of data change expectancy and all nodes has the same and latest data. Network is isolated
(iii) data vanishing. The lifetime of the WSN is partitioned into four parts. Each part has selected nodes which gives
into equivalent rounds. A round casually alludes to a rundown information about data. Sink node send query to node 1 to get
of consecutive exercises happening inside the WSN most recent information but node 1 has obsolete data since
repeatedly.[12] most recent information is accessible at node 4. So there is no
consistency between two chosen nodes. To overcome
III. COOPERATIVE CACHING IN WIRELESS SENSOR consistency issue we have to apply consistency algorithm so
NETWORK that all the imitation has the same data and most recent
In cooperative caching, numbers of sensor nodes allocate information.
and organize cache information to cut correspondence cost
IJRITCC | July 2016, Available @
International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication ISSN: 2321-8169
Volume: 4 Issue: 7 270 - 272
green line show new energy consumption. With the help of
new proposed technique, energy consumption of the system
Wireless Sensor Network is an application based network.
It is a network which deploy in far way places. There are
various challenges in wireless sensor network discussed in
this paper. Furthermore cooperative caching in wireless
sensor networks has been discussed. The main focus of this
paper is to maintain consistency in cooperative caching and
algorithm is proposed for this. The proposed calculations
examined in this paper will give advantage for different
exploration researchers. Its exploratory results demonstrate
that proposed system gives better result which has better
throughput and energy as contrast with existing procedures.

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throughput of the network increase as compare to the old
method. In Fig 4 Red line show old energy consumption and
IJRITCC | July 2016, Available @