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Casa Systems Remote PHY Solution

Remote CCAP PHY Node (RCN) and

CCAP Service Card (CSC8x10G)


Casa Systems C100G is an award-winning CCAP solution that combines a DOCSIS 3.1
CMTS and an Edge-QAM in a high density, high availability 13 RU platform. The platform
and modules support the CableLabs DOCSIS 3.1 standard, and are backward compatible
Casa Systems with prior DOCSIS standards. Deployed by some of the worlds leading service providers,
Remote-PHY the C100Gs software defined architecture, industry-leading density, and integrated video
solution provdes capabilities provide a clear competitive edge in the delivery of ultra-broadband services.
CCAP features
from a standards-
based Remote-
PHY architecture
and gives service
providers a new
option for meeting
subscriber demand
with the least
possible change to
current operations.


Full DOCSIS 3.1

Support Casa has long been a leader in access network solutions for cable service providers. We
are continuing our technology leadership with a solution for distributing access functional-
Full CCAP ity to meet ever-growing capacity demands. Casas Remote-PHY solution, designed to
CableLabs RPHY specifications, stays within CCAP framework, allowing service providers
to evolve smoothly to a distributed access solution which is managed like current CCAP
devices, supports all current CCAP services, and requires no changes to existing cable
modems or set top devices.

Our solution consists of a Remote CCAP PHY Node (RCN) and a new card for the C100G
or C40G, the CCAP Service Card (CSC8x10G) for aggregating RCNs. In this architecture,
illustrated to the right, the DOCSIS and EQAM MAC functions are centralized in the CCAP
Core (the C100G/C40G located in the headend/hub), and the DOCSIS and EQAM PHY
functions are in a remote node (the RCN) closer to the subscribers. 10G Ethernet or 10G
EPON transport can be used between the C100G and the RCN.
Casa Systems Remote PHY Solution

CCAP Service Card (CSC8x10G)

The CSC is a new line card that can be deployed in

Casas C100G or C40G chassis. The CSC provides the
DOCSIS and EQAM MAC functions and performs traffic
aggregation for the Remote PHYs. The CSC supports
8x10G interfaces over which DOCSIS and EQAM services
are carried over layer 2 tunnels to the Remote PHYs. The
CSC card can support up to at least 32 RCNs/10Gbps
link. Pluggable SFP+ optics are supported for a pay
as you grow business model. The CSC can be used as
either an 10G Ethernet line card or an 10G EPON line
card by using the appropriate SFP+ transceivers. All
other CCAP components are unchanged.

Narrowband Digital Forward (NDF) and Narrowband

Digital Return (NDR) are supported along with 2
separate Out-Of-Band (OOB) interface pairs for the
seamless transport of (i) analog OOB signaling between
legacy set top boxes and headend OOB modulator and
demodulators and (ii) telemetry to nodes, power supplies
and amplifiers over the digital network.

A C100G (and C40G) can be deployed with a mix of

integrated CCAP cards (i.e., DS8x96 or DS8x192 and
US16x8) and CSC cards, allowing the operator to provide
Remote CCAP centralized and distributed CCAP services in an efficient
Phy Node (RCN) manner in terms of cost and headend space. CSC8x10G
aggregation module
Deployable in Casas
C100G or C40G CCAP Remote CCAP PHY Node (RCN)
8x10GbE ports to connect
to RCNs Providing service providers with optimum flexibility, Casa Systems offers
our Remote CCAP PHY Node (RCN) in two sizes. Casas RCN large node
Supports 10G Ethernet
can be equipped with 1 or 2 R-PHY modules; the small node can be
and PON pluggable optics equipped with 1.
Supports upstream
and downstream OOB
signaling to/from legacy

Casa Systems Remote PHY Solution

Each R-PHY module supports 1.2 GHz (full spectrum) downstream and 100
MHz mid-split upstream. Service group options for DOCSIS 3.0 and / or
DOCSIS 3.1 are shown in the following table.

An RCN with 2 RPHY modules can support 2 service groups (SGs). Each
RPHY module in an RCN can have its own 10Gbps EPON or Ethernet uplink
and a standby port for 1+1 port protection. Alternatively, the RPHY modules
within a large RCN can be daisy chained together and connect to the optical
network via a single 10G port with standby.

Service Group Options DOCSIS 3.0 DOCSIS 3.1

Downstream 128 QAM channels 128 QAM channels + 2
OFDM channels
Upstream 2x8 A-TDMA 2x (4 A-TDMA channels + 1
channels OFDMA channel)
Large Node with 2 RPHY Modules

Casas design takes into account the fact that service providers may need to
locate the RCN in locations that are not as secure as typical headend sites,
neither from an environmental nor external threat perspective. The RCN is
waterproof and can work in temperatures ranging from -40C to +60C. It is
managed through the headend C100G integrated CCAP rather than through
a direct management interface. For security purposes, this prevents change
of configuration or alteration of the behavior of the RCN through direct
access. The management/control traffic between the headend C100G and
the RCN is secured by IPSec to guard against man-in-the-middle attacks.
User data between the cable modem and the C100G is secured by DOCSIS
BPI+ protocol. Video traffic is secured by DVB Simulcrypt, PME, or PKE, in the
same way as in an integrated CCAP.

Weather hardened, secure connections to CSC via IPSec

Small Node Large Node

Casa Systems Remote PHY Solution

Key Benefits

As with any distributed CCAP solution, an RPHY architecture allows an operator

to increase density and subscriber bandwidth with a minimal increase of headend
equipment. Benefits of the Casa Systems architecture over alternative architectures
include the following:

Lower complexity, lower cost. Retaining the MAC functions in the headend
reduces the complexity and costs of the node. Specifically, reduced complexity
means fewer failures and thus, fewer truck rolls. MAC functions have historically
changed more frequently and more dramatically as a result of new standards.
Keeping these functions in the headend means fewer instances of software
upgrades across the network.

Strong security. The node is not as secure a location as a headend or hub. In

the Remote PHY architecture, all encryption/decryption and key management
is performed in the headend/hub. Thus, user traffic at the node is automatically

Continuity and simplicity. Defined within the CCAP framework, the Remote
CCAP PHY Node (RCN) supports all current CCAP services and can be introduced
into the network without requiring changes to existing Cable Modems or set top
devices. Further, from a management perspective, the RCNs are presented as
extensions of the CCAP core, and collectively managed as a single, large CCAP.

Graceful migration. Keeping MAC functions centralized enables a more graceful

virtualization approach in which management and control functions can be
virtualized first, followed by virtualization of MAC functions.

Inter-operability. Casas solution is designed to meet the CableLabs Remote PHY

standards (including the RPHY OSSI). This allows for interoperability between
different CCAP Core and RPHY vendor solutions without requiring specialized
development or back office upgrades.

Casa Systems Remote PHY Solution

Remote CCAP PHY Node

Technical Specifications

Small Node Large Node

Physical Dimensions (LxWxH) 413 x 400 x 142mm 580 x 300.75 x 226mm
16.2 x 15.7 x 5.59 inches 22.8 x 11.8 x 8.9 inches
Mounting Aerial Stand and Pedestal Aerial Stand and Pedestal
Weight: (Max) 33.6 lbs (15.2 kg) 53 lbs (24 kg)
Weight: (Min) 30 lbs (13.6kg) 49 lbs (22.2 kg)
Connectors 4 4
Total Power (Max Power) 100W 170W
Typical Total Power (4 ports 100W 170W
segmented Master & Slave)
Min. Total Power (2 ports) 95W (no optical receivers) 100W
Supply Voltage 90 - 240 VAC (via AC input) 40 - 90 VAC (via Hardline)
40 - 90 VAC (via Hardline)
Optical Connectors 2x 10GE SFP+ 2x 10GE SFP+
Test Point Connectors 2x Internal (1xFWD, 1xRVR) 2x Internal (1xFWD, 1xRVR)
1 External 1 External
Operating Temperature -40C to 60C -40C to 60C
Operating Humdity 5% to 95% 5% to 95%
Waterproof IP67 IP67
Standard DOCSIS 3.1 DOCSIS 3.1
EuroDOCSIS3.0 (Annex A) EuroDOCSIS3.0 (Annex A)
DOCSIS 3.0 (Annex B) DOCSIS 3.0 (Annex B)
DS Frequency Range 54MHz - 1.218GHz 54MHz - 1.218GHz
DS Segments 1 2
US Segments 2 4

DOCSIS 3.0 SG per Segment Up to 128 DS channels; No. of US channels: 8

DOCSIS 3.1 SG per Segment Up to 6 OFDM DS channels; Up to 2 OFDM US channels
US QAM Modulation QPSK, 8, 16, 32 and 64 QAM
US OFDMA Modulation QPSK, BPSK, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256, 512, 1024
US Channel Width 1.6 MHz/3.2 MHz/6.4 MHz 1.6 MHz/3.2 MHz/6.4 MHz
OFDMA: Up to 96 MHz OFDMA: Up to 96 MHz
US Frequency Range 5-100 MHz 5-100 MHz
Upgradable to 5 - 204 MHz with future Upgradable to 5 - 204 MHz with future
R-PHY Node R-PHY Node

Casa Systems Remote PHY Solution

Remote CCAP PHY Node

Technical Specifications

Small Node Large Node

DOCSIS (cont)
Minimum US Input +15 dBmV +15 dBmV
DS QAM Modulation 64, 128, 256 QAM 64, 128, 256 QAM
DS OFDM Modulation BPSK, QPSK, 8, 16, 64, 128, 256, 512, 1024, BPSK, QPSK, 8, 16, 64, 128, 256, 512, 1024,
2048, 4096 QAM 2048, 4096 QAM
DS Channel Width SC-QAM: 6 MHz/8 MHz SC-QAM: 6 MHz/8 MHz
OFDM: Up to 192 MHz OFDM: Up to 192 MHz
DS Frequency Range (center) 57 MHz - 1.218 GHz 57 MHz - 1.218 GHz
Maximum Output Power 60 dBmV 60 dBmV
(per channel each port)
Output CTB 60 dBc 62 dBc
Output CSO 62 dBc 62 dBc
Output CNR 51 dBc 51 dBc
Hum Modulation 55 (5-104 MHz) 55 (5-104 MHz)
60 (258-1218 MHz) 60 (258-1218 MHz)
Cross Modulation (Xmod) 58 dB 58 dB
Output Tilt (pluggable) 10 dB minimum 10 dB minimum
18 dB max 18 dB max
Output Return Loss 16 dB 16 dB
Modulation Error Rate 46 dB (equalized) 46 dB (equalized)
Wideband Noise -73 dBc -73 dBc
Redundant Optical Receivers
Optical Input Level -7 dBm to +2 dBm -7 dBm to +2 dBm
RF Frequency Range 54MHz to 1002 Mhz 54MHz to 1002 Mhz
Optical Wavelength 1550 nm 1550 nm
CNR 51 dB 51 dB

Connector SC/APC SC/APC

Casa Systems, Inc.

100 Old River Road
Suite 100
Andover, MA 01810

Tel: 978.688.6706
Fax: 978.688.6584