Sie sind auf Seite 1von 15

# Prep101 MAT187 T1 Booklet Solutions

## 2.6 Practice Questions

1.

We need by parts for this integral since the substitution method will not cancel all of the terms
in the integral. Pick the ln term as u since it can be differentiated.
1
Let = ln , so =

1 1
Let = , so =
2

ln ln
1 1 1 1 1 2
2 = 2 = + = + + 1 = 1
1 1 1 1

2.

The integral can not be solved by substitution (since neither sec 2 nor sec tan appear in the
integral), and it also cannot be simplified by the use of sec 2 = tan2 + 1, so we need to try
the by parts method.
Let = sec , so = sec tan
Let = sec 2 , so = tan

## = sec tan + ln|sec + tan | sec 3

Notice that the integral that we are trying to find appears on the RHS, so those terms are
grouped.

## 2 sec 3 = sec tan + ln|sec + tan |

1
sec 3 = (sec tan + ln|sec + tan |) +
2

1
Prep101 MAT187 T1 Booklet Solutions

3.

d
Integrating by parts with u = tan1 , dv = d, du = , v = , we have
1+ 2

1
tan
1
d = tan1 1+ 2
d tan 1 ln (1 + 2 ) + C.
=
2

4.

5.

2
Prep101 MAT187 T1 Booklet Solutions

6.

7.

3
Prep101 MAT187 T1 Booklet Solutions

8.

The substitution method will not work since the compliment to the function inside the square
root term is 2 + 2, not .
The by parts method cannot be applied directly either, since neither choice for will simplify
2
the integral: = =
2
So try simplifying the integral first. Complete the square in the square root term and then try
substitution: 2 + 2 + 4 = ( + 1)2 + 3

2 + 2 + 4 = ( + 1)2 + 3

Let = + 1, so =

( + 1)2 + 3 = ( 1)2 + 3

## This lets the one integral be split into 2:

( 1)2 + 3 = 2 + 3 2 + 3

The first integral can be solved by substitution, and the second can be solved by a trig
substitution. Both can be done independently, starting with the first.

Let = 2 + 3 so = 2 =
2
3 3
1 1 2 2 1 2 3
2 + 3 = = = = = ( + 3 )2
2 2 2 3 3 3
2
1 3 1 3
= (( + 1)2 + 3 )2 = ( 2 + 2 + 4 )2
3 3

Let = arctan = 3 tan , so = 3 sec 2
3

## 2 + 3 = 3 tan2 + 33 sec 2 = 3 sec 2 (sec 2 )

= 3 sec 3

This integral can not be solved by substitution (since neither sec 2 nor sec tan appear in the
integral), and it also cannot be simplified by the use of sec 2 = tan2 + 1, so we need to try
the by parts method.
Let = sec , so = sec tan
Let = sec 2 , so = tan

4
Prep101 MAT187 T1 Booklet Solutions

## = sec tan + ln|sec + tan | sec 3

Notice that the integral that we are trying to find appears on the RHS, so those terms are
grouped.

## 2 sec 3 = sec tan + ln|sec + tan |

1
sec 3 = (sec tan + ln|sec + tan |) +
2
3
2 + 3 = (sec tan + ln|sec + tan |)
2
2 +3
The substitution was = 3 tan , so tan = and sec = ( sec 2 = tan2 + 1)
3 3

3 2 + 3 2 + 3
2 + 3 = + ln +
2 3 3 3 3

1 2 + 2 + 4 + 1
= ( + 1) 2 + 2 + 4 + 3 ln +
2 3 3

2 + 2 + 4 =
1 3
= ( 2 + 2 + 4 )2
2

1 2 + 2 + 4 + 1
( 2
+ 1) + 2 + 4 + 3 ln + +
2 3 3

So overall, the original integral had to be rearranged and a substitution was applied. Two
integrals were formed, needing a second substitution on one and a trigonometric substitution on
the other, which then required a by parts integration. Therefore, once the pieces are put back
together, the solution to the integral has three terms plus a constant of integration.

5
Prep101 MAT187 T1 Booklet Solutions

9.

3
1
3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
4 2 = lim 4 2 = lim 3 + = lim 3 + +
1 1 1 1 1
=0
So the integral converges.

10.

The function does not exist (denominator is equal to zero) at 2 so the value of 2 must be
approached from the right, since it is the lower bound.
5
5 5
1 1 2
= lim+ = lim+ = 2 lim+3 2 = 23
2 2 2 2 2 1 2
2
So the interval converges.

11.

1 1
2 = lim 2 = lim [arctan ]1 = lim (arctan arctan 1) =
1 + 1 1 + 1 2 4

=
4
So the integral converges.

6
Prep101 MAT187 T1 Booklet Solutions

12.

The function does not exist (denominator is equal to zero) at 0 so the value of 0 must be
approached from the left and the right, since it is within the integrals bound.

1
2
1
0 1
1 1 1
= 2
+ 2
+ 2

1 0 1
0
1
1 1 1 1
2
= lim 2
= lim = lim + 1
1 1 1 0 1
0 0

1
1 1
1 1 1 1 1
= lim = lim = lim 1 +
0 2 0+ 2 0+ 0+ 1

1
1 1 1 1
2
= lim 2
= lim = lim 0 + 1
1 1 1 1

1
2 = + +
1
The integral diverges and does not exist.

7
Prep101 MAT187 T1 Booklet Solutions

## 3.4 Practice Questions

1.

1
dy = dx
8e y 2
4

1
8e 4
y2
dy = dx

1
4 (
y 1 )= x + C
8e
1
y = 4
8e x + K

2.

8
Prep101 MAT187 T1 Booklet Solutions

3.

dy dy 1 1 2x
2
= e 2 x dx 2 = e
2x
dx
= e +C
y y y 2

y(0) = 1 1= 1 + C C= 3
2 2

1 1 2x 3

= e
y 2 2

4.

() = 1, so () = = and () = sin
1
= sin +

sin requires the by parts method

Let = , so =
Let = sin , so = cos

## cos requires the by parts method

Let = , so =
Let = cos , so = sin

## sin = cos + sin sin

9
Prep101 MAT187 T1 Booklet Solutions

Notice that the integral that we are trying to find appears on the RHS, so those terms are
grouped.

cos + sin
sin =
2

## 1 cos + sin sin cos

= + = +
2 2

5.
1 1
1 1
() = , so () = +1 = ln|+1| = ln+1 = and () = 2
+1 +1
1 2 2
= + = ( + 1) +
1 + 1 + 1
+ 1
This new integral can be simplified by performing long division on the polynomial terms:
2 1
= 1 +
+ 1 + 1
These terms can now be easily integrated:
1 2
= ( + 1) 1 + + = ( + 1) + ln| + 1| +
+ 1 2

10
Prep101 MAT187 T1 Booklet Solutions

6.

Notice that because of the two terms attached to , this is not a separable equation; it is linear
first order, which is more visible when the terms are rearranged.
( sin ) + = 0
= ( sin )
sin
=

+ = sin

1
() = () = sin

1
() = = ln =
1 1 1
= 1 sin + = sin +

The new integral requires by parts integration:
= , = , = sin , = cos

## = cos + cos + = ( cos + sin + ) = 2 cos + sin +

11
Prep101 MAT187 T1 Booklet Solutions

7.

12
Prep101 MAT187 T1 Booklet Solutions

13
Prep101 MAT187 T1 Booklet Solutions

8.

14
Prep101 MAT187 T1 Booklet Solutions

9.

dO
Let O be the amount of oil left in the well, we're given that = kO.
dt
O(t ) = Ae kt , we are also given that A = Ae0 k = O(0) = 2000000
so O(t ) = 2000000e kt for some constant k .
If 800000 barrels remain in the well 4 years later, O(4) = 2000000e 4 k = 800000,
ln 2ln 5
ln 2 ln 5 t
k = and O(t ) = 2000000e 4
.
4
ln 2ln 5
t0 4ln10
Then when O(t0 ) = 2000000e 4
= 200000 t0 = .
ln 5 ln 2

15