Sie sind auf Seite 1von 4

WRITE UP ON

TURBINE SUPERVISORY

INSTRUMENTATION SYSTEM

Project : - FGUTPP-IV (1X500 MW)

Customer: - NTPC Ltd

Customer Drg No: - 1450-001R-TGHW-PVM-K-175

BHEL Drg No :- 418000-D2-408

Digitally signed
Signature Not Verified
by AMIT GUPTA
Date: 2014.08.14
16:21:46 IST
Reason: CAT IV
00 10/07/2014 LKM Sd./- RG Sd./-
Location: BSR Sd./-
NTPCEOC
Rev Date Remarks Prepared Checked Approved

CONTROL & INSTRUMENTATION ENGINEERING DIVISION


BHEL, HARDWAR
REVISION NO: 00 DOC NO. 418000-D2-408
DATE 10/07/2014 SH. NO. 1 OF 4
EXPANSION, VIBRATION AND VALVE POSITION MEASUREMENT:

In the operation of large steam turbines certain vital parameters are


required to be continuously supervised and monitored in order to provide
information related to the operational conditions of the turbine during various
stages of operation like startup, loading, load changes and shutdown.

Pl. Refer drg no. 418000S5023 for which supervisory measurements


are carried out.

The special measurement system includes all necessary sensors mounted on


the turbine with flexible leads for connection to junction boxes, circuitry for
processing the sensor signal along with power supply monitoring, signal
level monitors, test circuits etc., in a cabinet to generate information about
the following parameters.

i) Absolute bearing vibrations.


ii) Absolute shaft vibrations.
iii) Axial shaft position of the rotor.
iv) Relative expansion.
v) Absolute expansion.
vi) Valve position.

Other important parameters like speed will be monitored by electrohydraulic


governing system and binary signal conditioning cabinets, and displayed in the
unit control room and HMI system.

ABSOLUTE BEARING VIBRATIONS:

The velocity type pickup is mounted on the bearing pedestal.

The measurement is carried out with two numbers of probes for vibration
measurement in 'X' direction and 'Y' direction separately.

The range of measurement is 0-200 micron peak to peak.

ABSOLUTE SHAFT VIBRATION:

CONTROL & INSTRUMENTATION ENGINEERING DIVISION


BHEL, HARDWAR
REVISION NO: 00 DOC NO. 418000-D2-408
DATE 10/07/2014 SH. NO. 2 OF 4
Measurement of absolute shaft vibration is done by measuring the relative
shaft vibration with respect to the bearing pedestal and adding the absolute
bearing vibration to it.

The measurement is carried out with two nos. of probes for Vibration
measurement in 'X' and 'Y' direction separately.

The measurement of relative shaft vibration is based on eddy current principle.


The proximity probe senses the distance between the probe tip & the observed
surface. The proximitor generates a radio frequency signal, which is radiated
through the probe tip into the observed surface. Eddy currents are generated in
the surface, & the loss of strength in the return signal is detected by the
proximitor for linear display on a monitor.

The vibration signals from the absolute bearing vibration measuring unit and
relative shaft vibration measuring unit are added in a computing unit for
obtaining the absolute shaft vibration. The measuring range is 0-800 microns
peak to peak.

VIBRATION ANALYSING SYSTEM:

Signals of turbine vibration monitoring system shall be fed to Vibration


Analyzing system being supplied by EDN.

AXIAL SHAFT POSITION OF THE ROTOR:

The measurement yields information on the position of the shaft in the thrust
bearing and on wear of the bearing. It is imperative to continuously monitor
the position of shaft as axial shift beyond permissible limits would lead to
mechanical interference and surface rubbing.

The measuring principle same as described for relative shaft vibration above.
The range of measurement is -1.5 to +1.5 mm.

DIFFERENTIAL / ROTOR EXPANSION:

Since the pedestal is of fixed type, differential expansion can not be measured
directly. Hence casing expansion & rotor expansion are measured separately
and differential expansion between the two rotor expansion is measured at HP
front & IP rear bearings. Using proximity probes. Differential expansion is then
calculated for HP front & IP rear. At LP rear, rotor expansion is measured which

CONTROL & INSTRUMENTATION ENGINEERING DIVISION


BHEL, HARDWAR
REVISION NO: 00 DOC NO. 418000-D2-408
DATE 10/07/2014 SH. NO. 3 OF 4
gives combined expansion of IP & LP rotors. The measurement is done by two
proximity probes. The measuring collar is in the form of a double cone to
produce less change in air gap due to large change in expansion.
The ranges of measurements are as follows:-
For HP front turbine : 0 to +25 mm (HP ROTOR EXPANSION)
For IP rear turbine : 0 to +21 mm (IP ROTOR EXPANSION)
For LP rear turbine : -15 to +48 mm (RAMP DIFF EXP LPT)
HP DIFFERENTIAL EXPANSION : -8 TO +12 MM
IP DIFFERENTIAL EXPANSION : -8 TO +12 MM

CASING EXPANSION

The measurement is carried out at HP Casing on the front side & IP casing on
The rear side. The displacement sensor is mounted on the pedestal cover &
connected to the casing via a rope. The other end of the rope is connected to a
ratable measuring device which forms the magnetic return path for the two
sensor coils. The rotating measuring device rotates eccentric to the two sensor
coils which create different air gaps between the measuring device and the
coils depend on the angle of rotation

Overall expansion at HPT front : 0-30mm


Overall expansion at IPT rear : 0-20mm

VALVE POSITION:

The measurement is carried out for both the HP and IP control valves with the
help of non contact displacement measuring equipment. It consists of a sensor
with two primary & secondary coils and a shorting ring.

The shorting ring is attached to the valve stem and moves over the magnetic
core. Movement of shorting ring causes generation of position dependant
output voltages in the secondary coils which is converted into a load
independent 4-20 mA signals in the measuring amplifier.

CONTROL & INSTRUMENTATION ENGINEERING DIVISION


BHEL, HARDWAR
REVISION NO: 00 DOC NO. 418000-D2-408
DATE 10/07/2014 SH. NO. 4 OF 4