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Introduction and Roadmaps

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NokiaEDU
Introduction and Roadmaps
LTE Radio Planning Essentials Course

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Introduction and Roadmaps

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Copyright and confidentiality


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Module Objectives
After completing this module, the participant will be able to:

List the course contents


List the main steps of the radio planning process
State the LTE RAN roadmaps

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Module Contents

RA4120 Learning Elements list


Introduction to the planning process
FL16 New Features Overview & Roadmap Overview
TL16 New Features Overview & Roadmap Overview

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Module Contents

RA4120 Learning Elements list


Introduction to the planning process
FL16 New Features Overview & Roadmap Overview
TL16 New Features Overview & Roadmap Overview

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RA4120 Learning Elements list


Introduction & Roadmaps
LTE/EPC Overview
LTE Air Interface
Air Interface Overheads
RRM overview
LTE Link Budget
Radio Planning Coverage Planning & Cell Range
Radio Planning Capacity Planning
LTE Performance Simulations
Nokia Flexi Multiradio 10 LTE Solution
Initial Parameters Planning

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Module Contents

RA4120 Learning Elements list


Introduction to the planning process
FL16 New Features Overview & Roadmap Overview
TL16 New Features Overview & Roadmap Overview

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Inputs and course of dimensioning process

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An air interface dimensioning campaign consists of numerous successive steps in the link budget calculation, which in turn is
based on a set of input parameters that can be categorized/grouped as follows:
General parameters - define possible center frequencies (operating bands), channel bandwidths, clutter types, simulation
cases, etc.
Equipment parameters - provide equipment specifications, antenna configurations, gains and losses etc.
Radio propagation parameters - consist of parameters which describe wave propagation in a specific radio environment, for
example channel models, mobility, etc.
Capacity dimensioning - parameters of this group are necessary in E-UTRAN for a correct definition of power and resource
sharing among users.
Interferences - represents the group of parameters related to interference calculation for example cell loads, G-factor, etc.
Radio propagation prediction - represents the group of parameters related to propagation models for example intercept
points, propagation model slopes, eNodeB antenna and UE heights
Radio Network Configuration - represents the group of parameters that specify cell layout and sectorization

The output of an air interface dimensioning campaign is the following:


Maximum Allowable Path Loss
Cell ranges based on propagation models' formulas
Site-to-Site distance and site areas for different site layouts, which finally yields an estimation of the number of sites and site
density required to cover the given area.

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Radio Planning Process Overview

computation of number of sites required to serve


Dimensioning certain area while fulfilling the coverage & capacity
requirements (RAN_Dim Tool)

Nominal Coverage Planning (Planning Tool i.e. Atoll,


Nominal Planning NetAct Planner, Mentum Planet)

detailed Coverage & Capacity Analysis


Detailed Planning
getting Sites

Pre-launch
Optimization

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Radio Planning Process Overview


- Similar process to any other wireless network
- Differences:
Parameters
KPIs

Pre-planning Detailed planning Optimisation

Model tuning
Pre-planning
information
Pre-launch
Site selection
optimisation

Coverage and
capacity planning

Dimensioning Configuration
planning Pre-launch
Post-launch
optimisation
optimsation
Parameter
planning

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LTE radio planning involves a number of steps such as dimensioning, planning tool setup,
nominal plan creation and site survey. The process is similar in any wireless network.
Slide shows the general planning process for mobile LTE.
What differentiates LTE from other technologies are the parameters, PIs, KPIs. Coverage and
capacity planning have some LTE-specific items but generally it is quite similar to HSPA planning.
Both LTE and UMTS/HSPA use similar services, coverage targets, similar mobility algorithms, and
similar performance specifications.
The main emphasis is to ensure good enough SINR in the network area along with good
coverage measured either by RSSI or as per 3GPP [TS36.214] by Reference Signal Received
Power (RSRP)

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Nominal planning

Create a nominal plan


Typical actions:
Propagation model tuning
Nominal coverage planning with
Link budget & capacity
planning tool dimensioning
Based on coverage thresholds:
RSRP & CINR
Capacity analysis Define thresholds from LiBu (*)
Site surveys
Site pre-validation Create detailed network plan (cells, antennas,
(*) still open what will be the LiBu carriers) using LiBu thresholds
thresholds used. Atoll uses wideband
received power but it is possible to
Perform capacity analysis to check network capacity
convert it to RSRP. against more detailed traffic estimates

RSRP: Reference Signal Received Power


CINR: Carrier to Interference + Noise Ratio
LiBu: Link Budget

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LTE Detailed Radio Planning Process

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The aim of radio planning is to define a set of site locations and their respective configurations
that addresses the coverage and capacity requirements derived from the dimensioning.
The radio planning task is based on the outputs from the dimensioning, especially the
calculated site densities in each clutter type. Network planning works with a high level of detail.
The site count derived from radio planning can sometimes be significantly different from the
site count derived from dimensioning since the actual site coverage may differ significantly from
the assumed empirical model(s) along with network and earth surface irregularities.
There is always a risk that the planned site count may exceed the estimated site count from
dimensioning. As a result, several planning iterations are needed to reach a reliable figure as per
clutter and design requirements.

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Module Contents

RA4120 Learning Elements list


Introduction to the planning process
FL16 New Features Overview & Roadmap Overview
TL16 New Features Overview & Roadmap Overview

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FL16 New Features

User Experience & Radio Efficiency Operational Excellence


LTE2007 Inter eNode B carrier aggregation LTE643 Multiple Read Sessions for BTS Site Manager
LTE2180 TDD-FDD downlink carrier aggregation LTE2060 Add new frequency or cell without reset
LTE2316 3CC TDD-FDD downlink carrier aggregation I LTE1308 MDT with GPS info
LTE2233 N out of M carrier aggregation LTE1992 Flexi HW replacement Detect and Restore
LTE1987 DL Single User MIMO 4x4 LTE2539 Mobility Robustness Optimization Inter-RAT
LTE44 Uplink 64 QAM LTE1235 Optimization of PRACH/RACH power
LTE955 IPv6 for M-Plane* ( Advanced from FL16A)
Site Solutions
LTE1802 Flexi RF Module 6TX 2100 360W U
Transport
LTE2547 Flexi RF Module 6TX 800 360W F
LTE1507 Flexi RRH 4TX 1800 160W D LTE2299 Dual Stack IPv4/IPv6
LTE2129 Flexi RRH 2TX 450 80W A LTE2184 Flexible Input Sync Priority
LTE2035 Flexi Metro RRH 2-pipe 1800 10W E LTE1068 S1/X2 satellite connection
LTE1891 Power saving Micro DTX
LTE1203 Power saving - MIMO switch off

This release and its listed features are ready for contract excluding (*) features that are still under planning.

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LTE (FDD) RRM & Telecom Roadmap


FDD-LTE15a FDD-LTE16 FDD-LTE16A*

User Experience & Radio Efficiency User Experience & Radio Efficiency
User Experience & Radio
Efficiency Inter eNodeB carrier aggregation FDD downlink Carrier Aggregation 4CC/5CC
TDD-FDD downlink carrier aggregation
Downlink Carrier Aggregation 3 Combined Supercell
CC - 60 MHz 3CC TDD-FDD downlink carrier aggregation I Uplink carrier aggregation - 2 CC
Flexible SCell Selection N out of M carrier aggregation 256 QAM in downlink
DL Single User MIMO 4x4 QoS for Public Safety
LTE eMBMS
Uplink 64 QAM
LTE-UTRAN Load Balancing Dynamic PUCCH
Site Solutions
Site Solutions
Flexi RF Module 6TX 2100 360W U
Site Solutions Embedded Power Meter for Energy Efficiency
Flexi RF Module 6TX 800 360W F
Inter eNB RF Sharing Flexi RRH 4TX 1800 160W D Monitoring
eNode B Power Saving Flexi RRH 2TX 450 80W A Flexi RRH 4-pipe 1700/2100 160W J
Flexi Metro RRH 2-pipe 1800 10W E Flexi RFM 6-pipe 1450 360W A
Flexi Metro RRH 2100
Power saving Micro DTX Flexi RFM 3-pipe 1800 240W F
Operational Excellence Power saving - MIMO switch off 4RX diversity 20MHz optimized configurations
Mobility Robustness Optimization
Operational Excellence Operational Excellence
Inter RAT
MDT UE measurement logs Multiple Read Sessions for BTS Site Manager Counter profiling per service (QCI)
Flexi Multiradio BTS Antenna Rx Add new frequency or cell without reset MDT UE RLF evaluation
RF-Sniffing MDT with GPS info UE level Mobility Robustness Optimization
Parameter Level Logging Flexi HW replacement Detect and Restore Transport
Transport Mobility Robustness Optimization Inter-RAT
Synchronous Ethernet Generation
Dual U-plane IP Addresses Optimization of PRACH/RACH power
Fronthaul Passive WDM
IPv6 for M-plane
Source Based Routing in BTS IPv4/IPv6 Concurrent IPsec Tunnels
Transport
Hybrid Synchronization
Dual Stack IPv4/IPv6
Flexible Input Sync Priority
S1/X2 Satellite connection

*This release and its listed features are still under study, no commitment can be made at this point on the availability and schedules.

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Module Contents

RA4120 Learning Elements list


Introduction to the planning process
FL16 New Features Overview & Roadmap Overview
TL16 New Features Overview & Roadmap Overview

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TD-LTE 16 New Features

User Experience & Radio Efficiency Operational Excellence


LTE2244 Inter eNode B TDD carrier aggregation LTE2060 Add new frequency or cell without reset
LTE2180 FDD-TDD downlink carrier aggregation 2CC LTE643 Multiple read sessions for BTS Site Manager
LTE2233 N out of M carrier aggregation LTE1203 eNB power saving extension
LTE1987 4x4 DL SU MIMO with TM9
LTE1308 MDT with GPS info
LTE2068 8x4 DL SU MIMO with TM9
LTE2316 FDD-TDD downlink carrier aggregation - 3CC I LTE2539 Mobility Robustness Optimization Inter-RAT
Coordinate scheduling for beamforming LTE1235 Optimization of PRACH/RACH power
LTE2462
interference avoidance
LTE2105 TDD UL intra-band carrier aggregation - 2 CC
Transport

Site Solutions LTE2184 Flexible Sync Input Priority


LTE2270 LTE TDD+FDD Joint Site Configuration LTE2299 Dual Stack IPv4 / IPv6
LTE2160 FZQB Flexi RRH 4-pipe 3500 8W B **
LTE2325 FZQC Flexi RRH 8-pipe 3500 160W C **
LTE2385 FZQE Flexi RRH 8-pipe 3500 160W E **

This release and its listed features are ready for contract ** late HW delivery

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LTE (TDD) RRM & Telecom Roadmap


TDD-LTE15a TDD-LTE16 TDD-LTE16A*

User Experience & Radio Efficiency User Experience & Radio Efficiency User Experience & Radio Efficiency
Carrier Aggregation for Multi-Carrier eNB Inter eNode B TDD carrier aggregation Intra-eNB DL carrier aggregation with
Downlink Intra/Inter-band Carrier FDD-TDD downlink carrier aggregation 2CC 4 layers MIMO
Aggregation - 60 MHz N out of M carrier aggregation 256 QAM in DL
8x2 MU MIMO (TM9) 4x4 DL SU MIMO with TM9* Network Assisted Interference
4x4 SU MIMO TM4 8x4 DL SU MIMO with TM9 * Cancellation
Enhanced cell ID location service FDD-TDD downlink carrier aggregation - 3CC I* FDD-TDD downlink carrier aggregation
LTE eMBMS Coordinate scheduling for beamforming - 3CC II
UL Intra eNB CoMP- 8RX interference avoidance TDD Uplink inter-band carrier
Service based handover thresholds TDD UL intra-band carrier aggregation - 2 CC aggregation - 2 CC
SRVCC to 1xRTT/CDMA Dynamic PUCCH
UL Semi-persistent scheduling Site Solutions
LTE TDD+FDD Joint Site Configuration Site Solutions
Site Solutions FZQB Flexi RRH 4-pipe 3500 8W B ** FZHN Flexi RRH 8-pipe 2600 160W N
Cell Bandwidth 15 MHz FZQC Flexi RRH 8-pipe 3500 160W C ** FZFI Flexi RRH 8-pipe 1900+2600
FZHQ Flexi RRH 8-pipe 2600 160W Q FZQE Flexi RRH 8-pipe 3500 160W E ** Dual-Band 240W I
FZHS Flexi RRH 2-pipe 2600 10W S
Operational Excellence Operational Excellence
Operational Excellence Add new frequency or cell without reset* MDT - UE RLF evaluation
Mobility Robustness Monitoring Inter RAT Multiple read sessions for BTS Site Manager MDT Subscriber Trace
MDT - UE measurement logs eNB power saving extension UE level MRO
eNB Power Saving MDT with GPS info Counter profiling per service(QCI)
Signed SW Mobility Robustness Optimization Inter-RAT IPv4/IPv6 for M-plane
Plug & Play Extensions Optimization of PRACH/RACH power
Transport
Transport Transport IPv4/IPv6 Concurrent IPsec Tunnels
Hybrid Synchronization Flexible Sync Input Priority Synchronous Ethernet Generation
Dual U-plane IP addresses Dual Stack IPv4 / IPv6
Source based routing

*This release and its listed features are still under study, no commitment can be made at this point on the availability and schedules.

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