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B767/31/305 ACMS Boeing 767-200/300 Airplane Condition Monitoring System Training manual For training purposes only LEVEL

B767/31/305

ACMS

Boeing 767-200/300

Airplane Condition Monitoring System

ACMS Boeing 767-200/300 Airplane Condition Monitoring System Training manual For training purposes only LEVEL 1 ATA

Training manual

For training purposes only LEVEL 1

ATA 31

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  B767/31/305 Training manual ACMS This publication was created by Sabena technics training department,
 

B767/31/305

Training manual

ACMS

This publication was created by Sabena technics training department, Brussels-Belgium, following ATA 104 specifications.

The information in this publication is furnished for informational and training use only, and is subject to change without notice.

Sabena technics training assumes no responsibility for any errors or inaccuracies that may appear in this publication.

No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of Sabena technics training.

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Contact address for

course registrations course schedule information

Sabena technics training

trainingservices@sabenatechnics.com

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LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES

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  B767/31/305 Training manual ACMS TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. INTRODUCTION 6 1.1. Purpose 6 1.2.
 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.

INTRODUCTION

6

1.1. Purpose

6

1.2. Operation

6

2.

GENERAL DESCRIPTION

8

2.1. Operation

8

2.2. Interface

8

3.

COMPONENT LOCATION

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3.1.

General Component Location

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4.

DIGITAL FLIGHT DATA ACQUISITION UNIT

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4.1. Purpose

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General

4.2. Description

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4.3. Features

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4.4. Controls, Indicators, and Connectors

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4.5. Reports

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5.

DFDAU FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION

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5.1. General

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5.2. Power Requirements

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5.3. Analog inputs

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5.4. Digital Inputs

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5.5. Discrete Inputs

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5.6. BITE Interface

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6.

DFDAU LED DISPLAY MENU STRUCTURE

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6.1.

Operation

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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS COMPONENT LOCATION DFDAU - FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION DFDAU LED DISPLAY MENU STRUCTURE DIGITAL

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

COMPONENT LOCATION DFDAU - FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION DFDAU LED DISPLAY MENU STRUCTURE DIGITAL FLIGHT DATA ACQUISITION UNIT GENERAL DESCRIPTION INTRODUCTION

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ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS

11

19

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9

7

AC

alternating current

ACARS

airplane communications addressing and reporting system

ACMS

airplane condition monitoring system

ADL

airborne data loader

ARINC

Aeronautical Radio, Inc.

ATE

automatic test equipment

BITE

built-in test equipment

CAUT

caution

CB

circuit breaker

CDU

control display unit

CPU

central processing unit

DAU

data acquisition processor

DMP

data management processor

DMU

data management unit

DC

direct current

DFDAU

digital flight data acquisition unit

DFDR

digital flight data recorder

EPROM

electrically programmable read—only memory

FDR

flight data recorder

LCD

liquid crystal display

LDP

liquid crystal display processor

Mb

megabyte

MCDU

multi-purpose control display unit

MIDU

multi-purpose interactive display unit

MU

management unit

PCMCIA

personal computer memory card international association

PDL

portable data loader

PTR

printer

QAR

quick access recorder

WPS

words per second

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  B767/31/305 Training manual ACMS 1. INTRODUCTION 1.1. Purpose The airplane condition monitoring system
 

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1. INTRODUCTION

1.1. Purpose

The airplane condition monitoring system (ACMS) monitors and stores airplane system and documentary data for use in trend analysis and to -help in troubleshooting.

1.2. Operation

Central to the system is a control box with an ACMS dedicated processor in the airplane digital flight data acquisition unit (DFDAU). Internal software for data retrieval from specified systems lets the data go to recording devices or a printer.

A control display unit (CDU) or an ACMS controller can control data retrieval.

An update of the operation software can come through a portable data loader, an airborne data loader, or the DFDAU.

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  B767/31/305 Training manual ACMS 2. GENERAL DESCRIPTION 2.1. Operation The ACMS processor is in
 

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ACMS

2. GENERAL DESCRIPTION

2.1. Operation

The ACMS processor is in the digital flight data acquisition unit (DFDAU). The processor controls all ACMS operation and has interfaces with other devices in the airplane such as a printer or a data storage device. The processor also has interfaces with the DFDAU mandatory processor on an internal bus. Software controls the processor, and the processor collects data and puts together reports to help maintenance or engineering.

These are examples of events that cause reports:

- Power-up self-test

- Engine overboost

- Stable cruise

- Events as set by the airline.

The airline also sets the quantity and types of data in each report.

You use a data loader to install system operation software and databases into the DFDAU.

2.2. Interface

These are the types of airplane system inputs:

- Analog data

- Digital data

- Discrete data.

The DFDAU gets the analog and discrete inputs and changes them to digital format. The DFDAU then sends the digital data to the ACMS section on an internal bus. The control display units (CDUs) give menu and report printout selections.

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  B767/31/305 Training manual ACMS 3. COMPONENT LOCATION 3.1. General Component Location These components are
 

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ACMS

3. COMPONENT LOCATION

3.1. General Component Location

These components are in the flight compartment:

- P61 panel - airborne data loader and control panel

- P9 panel - left and right control display unit

The digital flight data acquisition unit OFDAU) is in the main equipment center on the E2-3 shelf.

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  B767/31/305 Training manual ACMS 4. DIGITAL FLIGHT DATA ACQUISITION UNIT 4.1. Purpose The digital
 

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4. DIGITAL FLIGHT DATA ACQUISITION UNIT

4.1. Purpose

The digital flight data acquisition unit (DFDAU) changes airplane data and sensor inputs into a digital data format for the flight recorder.

4.2. General Description

Inputs to the DFDAU are from analog, digital, and discrete data sources.

The DFDAU contains circuits to process and change airplane sensor input into these formats:

- Harvard Bi-Phase format for the flight recorder (mandatory output).

- ARINC 429 format for use by certain equipment, such as ARINC communications addressing and recording system (ACARS), a quick access recorder (QAR), and printer.

4.3. Features

An optical disk drive is on the front of the DFDAU. To get access to the disk drive, open a door on the right side. The drive unit has a hinge on the left side so that it opens outward for access to the drive door.

The drive lets you upload software programs to the 8 processors in the DFDAU or load ACMS reports to a blank, preformatted optical disk. The kind and format of the reports depends upon the software in the DFDAU. The airline chooses the software to use.

The front of the unit contains these features:

- Fault display - 16-digit display of failure codes and software part numbers

- Front panel select switches to control the 16- digit display. Switches are ESC, -, +, ENT and EJECT.

- DFDAU FAIL light - amber light shows a fault in the power supply, loss of mandatory input data, or failure of the data acquisition processor (DAP)

- DFDAU CAUTION light - amber light shows a loss of non-mandatory input data or a failure of the data management processor (DMP)

- DFDR FAIL Light - amber Light shows a flight recorder fault.

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  B767/31/305 Training manual ACMS 4.4. Controls, Indicators, and Connectors The front of the unit
 

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4.4. Controls, Indicators, and Connectors

The front of the unit contains these features:

- LED status indicators for ACMS (DFDAU CAUTION), recorder (DFDR fail), and DFDAU (DFDAU FAIL) faults

- Control panel that has ESCAPE, +, -, ENTER, and EJECT switches

- 16-character LCD display that shows failure codes and software versions

- Connector J2 that permits connection of a portable data loader (PDL) or other automated test equipment (ATE). You use this equipment to upload or download software or for troubleshooting of the system.

- Upper panel with a personal computer memory card international association (PCMCIA) drive bay. The front panel door is for access to the PCMCIA card slot. The PCMCIA is for ACMS data storage and to upload DFDAU software.

4.5. Reports

In addition to the mandatory data recording operation, the DFDAU does the aircraft condition monitoring system (ACMS) function. The ACMS makes reports on specific system opertations. The reports are from many kinds of signals (flight mode transitions, engine exceedances, manual entries). When an event triggers a report, the DFDAU makes a snapshot of specific system parameters. It formats and stores it in the ACMS memory.

The reports may also go to these types of devices:

- Front-mounted media drive

- ACARS

- QAR

- Printer.

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  B767/31/305 Training manual ACMS 5. DFDAU FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION 5.1. General The digital flight data
 

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5. DFDAU FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION

5.1. General

The digital flight data acquisition unit (DFDAU) gets data from digital, analog, and discrete sources. CPU 1 processes the data. It changes the data into Harvard Bi-phase digital data and sends it to the flight data recorder (FDR).

The DFDAU also collects data for use with aircraft condition monitoring system (ACMS) equipment. This is a non-mandatory function and for trend analysis and fault troubleshooting. CPU 2 does this function.

These systems and line replaceable units (LRUs) connect with the DFDAU:

- ARINC communications addressing and reporting system (ACARS) management unit (MU)

- Printer

- Control display units (CDUs)

- Multi-purpose interactive display unit (MIDU)

- Airborne data loader (ADL).

5.2. Power Requirements

The DFDAU gets 115v ac single-phase, unswitched power from the left bus.

The internal power supply makes all necessary DC voltages. The left bus supplies 26v do as a syncro reference voltage.

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5.3. Analog inputs

The analog interface circuits sample input analog signals and change them to digital data for the flight data controller (CPU 1). The converted data goes to CPU 2 through the crosstalk buses.

5.5. Discrete Inputs

Buffer circuits receive discrete inputs and sample them in sequence. They are then conditioned and sent to CPU 1 and CPU 2.

5.4. Digital Inputs

ARINC 429 receivers get digital inputs. A parity check is done on all inputs. The signals are then multiplexed before they go to CPU 1 and CPU 2.

5.6. BITE Interface

The DFDAU CAUTION lamp turns on for a digital input fault or a CPU 2 EPROM failure.

The BITE circuit sends an alpha/numeric code to the digital fault display readout. When this lamp turns on, flight data recording continues, but ACMS functions do not operate.

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  B767/31/305 Training manual ACMS 6. DFDAU LED DISPLAY MENU STRUCTURE 6.1. Operation The DFDAU
 

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6. DFDAU LED DISPLAY MENU STRUCTURE

6.1. Operation

The DFDAU front panel has a keypad that has five pushbuttons. These are the pushbutton labels:

- ESCAPE

- -

- +

- ENTER

- EJECT.

The liquid crystal display panel (LDP) is a 16-character display and is above the keypad. Use the LCP for these types readouts:

- Hardware error messages

- Software upload status

- Error messages

- Software version numbers.

Push any pushbutton on the keypad to operate the display. The display shows TELEDYNE CNTRLS when it is active. Use the push buttons to see the display menus.

There are three main menus in the menu structure. Each menu has sub- menus. Use the pushbuttons to move through the menu items in an up, down, left, or right direction. These are the pushbuttons and their direction of movement within the menu:

- ENTER, moves down

- ESCAPE, moves up

- -, moves left

- +, moves right.

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