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RING TYPE JOINTS


Ring Type Joints are primarily used by the oil, gas, petrochemical and offshore industries, they
are also commonly used on valve, piework assemblies and with some integrity vessel joints. Ring
Type Joints are use to seal flanged connections subject to high pressures and temperatures. These
precision made solid metal gaskets form a metal to metal seal with the flanges. The gasket cross -
sections are designed to concentrate the bolt load over a small area to produce a high seating
stress. The gasket metal should always be softer than the mating flanges. The high seating stress
causes 'plastic -flow' of the gasket into the flange faces to create the seal. The 'RX' and 'BX'
gaskets are designed to be pressure activated by the sealed media which improves the efficiency
of the seal as the internal pressure of the system increases.



'R' series Ring Type Joints can contain pressure up to 10,000 PSI
'RX' and 'BX' series Ring Type Joints can contain pressure up to 20,000 PSI
The gaskets and flanges must be manufactured to precision dimensions, surface finishes and
hardness.

All Ring Type Joints supplied by X-CEL GASKETS are fully approved to API specification 6A -
product specification level 4 - THE HIGHEST QUALITY RATING.

CROSS SECTION RING TYPE STANDARD

ANSI B16.20
'R' OVAL
API STD. 6A

MSS-SP-44
'R' OCTAGONAL
B.B. 1560

RX APT STD. 6A

BX APT STD. 6A

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OVAL AND OCTAGONAL "R" SERIES RING TYPE JOINTS APPLICATION CROSS
REFERENCE

NORMAL PIPE SIZE (INCHES)


1

ANSI API MSS SP 44


1
300 to 720 to 300 to
150 900 1500 2500 2000 3000 5000 150 900
R No. lbs 600
lbs lbs lbs
960
lbs lbs lbs lbs
600
lbs
lbs lbs lbs
R-11 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-12 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-13 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-15 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-16 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-17 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-18 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-19 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-20 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-21 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-22 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-23 1 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1
R-24 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1
R-25 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-26 1 2 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1
R-27 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1
R-28 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-29 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-30 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-31 1 3 3 1 1 3 3 3 1 1 1 1
R-32 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-33 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-34 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-35 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-36 4 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-37 1 4 4 1 1 4 4 4 3 1 1 1
R-38 1 1 1 1 4 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-39 1 1 1 4 1 1 1 1 4 1 1 1
R-40 5 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-41 1 5 5 1 1 5 5 5 1 1 1 1

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R-42 1 1 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-43 6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-44 1 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 5 1 1 1
R-45 1 6 6 1 1 6 6 6 1 1 1 1
R-46 1 1 1 6 1 1 1 1 6 1 1 1
R-47 1 1 1 1 6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-48 8 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-49 1 8 8 1 1 8 8 8 1 1 1 1
R-50 1 1 1 8 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-51 1 1 1 1 8 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-52 10 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-53 1 10 10 1 1 10 10 10 1 1 1 1
R-54 1 1 1 10 1 1 1 1 10 1 1 1
R-55 1 1 1 1 10 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
*End Flanges API 6D and API 600 uses Gaskets and Grooves for equivalent Pipe Size ANSI B 16.5 or MSS-44
Flanges **720,960 and 10,000 lb Flanges to API 6B are obsolete. Data is for information only. ***R-30 for
Lapped Joint only.
NORMAL PIPE SIZE (INCHES)
1

ANSI API MSS SP 44


1
300 to 720 to 300 to
150 900 1500 2500 2000 3000 5000 150 900
R No. lbs 600
lbs lbs lbs
960
lbs lbs lbs lbs
600
lbs
lbs lbs lbs
R-56 12 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-57 1 12 12 1 1 12 12 12 1 1 12 12
R-58 1 1 1 12 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-59 14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-60 1 1 1 1 12 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-61 1 14 1 1 1 14 14 14 1 1 14 1
R-62 1 1 14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 14
R-63 1 1 1 14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-64 16 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-65 1 16 1 1 1 16 16 1 1 1 16 1
R-66 1 1 16 1 1 1 1 16 1 1 1 16
R-67 1 1 1 16 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-68 18 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-69 1 18 1 1 1 18 18 1 1 1 18 1
R-70 1 1 18 1 1 1 1 18 1 1 1 18
R-71 1 1 1 18 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-72 20 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-73 1 20 1 1 1 20 20 1 1 1 20 1

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R-74 1 1 20 1 1 1 1 20 1 1 1 20
R-75 1 1 1 20 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-76 24 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-77 1 24 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 24 1
R-78 1 1 24 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 24
R-79 1 1 1 24 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-80 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 22 1 1
R-81 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 22 1
R-82 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-84 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-85 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1
R-86 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1
R-87 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 1
R-88 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 1 1 1
R-89 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 1
R-90 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 5 1 1 1
R-91 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 10 1 1 1
R-92 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
R-93 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 26 1
R-94 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 28 1
R-95 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 30 1
R-96 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 32 1
R-97 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 34 1
R-98 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 36 1
R-99 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8 8 1 1 1
R-100 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 26
R-101 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 28
R-102 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 30
R-103 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 32
R-104 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 34
R-105 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 36
**720,960 and 10,000 lb Flanges to API 6B are obsolete. Data is for information only.

ORDERING - When placing a Purchase Order please submit the following information :



Relevant Ring number or Nominal Pipe Size and Pressure Rating.
Metal required.


Whether Oval or Octagonal shape for "R" Series Gaskets.
Non-Standard Metals, and Dimensions - to customers' special requirements - are available
on request. Please supply drawing describing any non-standard dimensions.

"BX" RING TYPE JOINTS - APPLICATION CROSS REFERENCE

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NOMINAL PIPE SIZE (INCHES)

BX Number API 6BX

2000 lbs 3000 lbs 5000 lbs 10 000 lbs 15 000 lbs 20 000 lbs
BX - 150 1 1 1 1 11/16 1 11/16 1
BX - 151 1 1 1 1 3/16 1 3/16 1 3/16

BX - 152 1 1 1 2 1/16 2 1/16 2 1/16

BX - 153 1 1 1 2 9/16 2 9/16 2 9/16

BX - 154 11 1 1 3 1/16 3 1/16 3 1/16

BX - 155 1 1 1 4 1/16 4 1/16 4 1/16

BX - 156 1 1 1 7 1/16 7 1/16 7 1/16


BX - 157 1 1 1 9 9 9
BX - 158 1 1 1 11 11 11
BX - 159 1 1 11 13 5/8 13 5/8 13 5/8

BX - 160 1 1 13 5/8 1 1 1
BX - 161 1 1 16 16 16 1
BX - 162 1 1 16 1 1 1
BX - 163 1 1 18 1 1 1
BX - 164 1 1 18 18 1
BX - 165 1 1 21 1 1 1
BX - 166 1 1 1 21 1 1
BX - 167 26 1 1 1 1 1
BX - 168 1 26 1 1 1 1
BX - 169 1 1 1 5 6/8 1 1

BX - 170 1 1 1 6 6/8 6 6/8 1

BX - 171 1 1 1 8 9/16 8 9/16 1

BX - 172 1 1 1 11 5/32 11 5/32 1


BX - 173 30 30 1 1 1 1



"BX" Gaskets can only be used in API 6BX Flanges.
A Pressure Balance Hole is incorporated in all "BX" Rings to equalise any pressure trapped
in the Flange Grooves.

"RX" RING TYPE JOINTS - APPLICATION CROSS REFERENCE

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NORMAL PIPE SIZE NORMAL PIPE SIZE


(INCHES) (INCHES)

1 API 6B 1 API 6B

720-960 ** 1 1 720-960 **API


** 1 1
** 6B
RX 2900 3000 5000
2000 lbs RX 2900 3000 5000
Number lbs lbs lbs 2000 lbs
Number lbs lbs lbs
RX-20 1 1 1 1
RX-65 16 1 1 1
RX-23 2 1 1 1
RX-66 1 1 16 1
RX-24 1 1 2 2
RX-69 18 1 1 1
RX-25 1 1 1 3 1/8
RX-70 1 1 18 1
RX-26 2 1 1 1
RX-73 20 1 1 1
RX-27 1 1 2 2
RX-74 1 1 20 1
RX-31 3 1 3 1
RX-82 1 1 1 1
RX-35 1 1 1 3
RX-84 1 1 1 1
RX-37 4 1 4 1
RX-85 1 2 1 1
RX-39 1 1 1 4
RX-86 1 2 1 1
RX-41 5 1 5 1
RX-87 1 3 1 1
RX-44 1 1 1 5
RX-88 1 4 1 1
RX-45 6 1 6 1
RX-89 1 3 1 1
RX-46 1 1 1 6
RX-90 1 5 1 1
RX-47 1 1 1 8* RX-91 1 10 1 1
RX-49 8 1 8 1
RX-99 8* 1 8* 1
RX-50 1 1 1 8
RX-201 1 1 1 1 3/8
RX-53 10 1 10 1
RX-205 1 1 1 11 3/16
RX-54 1 1 1 10
RX-57 12 1 12 1 RX-210 1 1 1 2 9/16
RX-63 1 1 1 14 RX-215 1 1 1 4-4

*Crossover Flange Connection. **720, 960 and


2900 lb Flanges to API 6B are obsolete. Data is
for information only.



"RX" Gaskets are interchangeable with standard "R" series Octagonal Rings.
A Pressure Balance Hole is incorporated in all "RX" Ring Numbers RX-82 to RX-91.

MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE LIMITATION

The maximum temperature limitations are set by the metals used to construct the gasket, flanges,
pipelines and system apparatus.

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SUGGESTED MAXIMUM SERVICE TEMPERATURE IN AIR


TYPE TEMPERATURE C
Carbon Steel 536
304 SS 925
309 SS 1095
310 SS 1150
316 SS 925
321 SS 925
347 SS 925
410 SS 705
430 SS 815
501 SS 649
Alloy 20 815
Aluminium 427
Brass 260
Copper 260
Hastelloy B and C 1095
Inconel 600 1095
Incolloy 800 871
Monel 815
Nickel 760
Phosphor Bronze 260
Tantalum 1649
Titanium 1095

The presence of contaminating fluids and cyclic conditions reduce the maximum temperatures.

STANDARD METAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR RING JOINTS IN ACCORDANCE WITH


API 6A AND ANSI B 16.20 STANDARDS

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Maximum Hardness
Metal 1
+ Brinell *Rockwell
1 3000 Kg "B" Identification
Soft Iron 90 56 D
Low-Carbon Steel 120 68 S
Type 304 SS (18% Chrome, 8% Nickel) 160 83 S304
Type 316 SS (18% Chrome, 12% Nickel) 160 83 S316
Type 347 SS (18% Chrome, 10% Nickel) 160 83 S347
Type 410 SS (11-13% Chrome) 170 86 S410
Type 502 SS (4.6% Chrome, 0.5% Moly) 130 72 F5
Monel 125 70 M
Nickel 120 68 N
Copper ** ** CU
+Measured with 3000 Kg load except Soft Iron which is measured with a 500 Kg load.
*Measured with a 100 Kg load and xxx diameter Indentor Ball. **To be agreed with the
customer.

'R' Oval and 'R' Octagonal series Ring Type Joints can be supplied completely enclosed in rubber.
This is widely used during test procedures and due to the assembly being quicker it saves time.
Another advantage is that with the proper use of this gasket repeated use is possible.

"R" Oval Rubber "R" Octagonal Rubber

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