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# SBI PO Syllabus details:

## SBI PO Syllabus is of Three Phases

1. Preliminary Examination
2. Main Examination and
3. Group Exercises & Interview.

## I. Preliminary Examination: This Exam is consisting of 3 Sections

as follows
1. English Language
2. Quantitative Aptitude
3. Reasoning Ability

Duratio
Name of Section No. of Qs. Max. Marks
n

English Language 30 30
Compos
Quantitative Aptitude 35 35
ite Time
of 1
Reasoning Ability 35 35
hour.
TOTAL 100 100

## SBI PO Syllabus for Prelims 2017 Quantitative Aptitude

PRIORITY SET 1 Scoring, Easy to Solve, Less Time Consuming,
High Accuracy Possible

## 1. Simplification: (5-10 Questions)

Problems based on BODMAS Rule, Fractions, Percentages,
Approximation, Decimals, Surds & Indices.
Try these Tips: Simplification using BODMAS Rule
Quizzes: Quiz 1, Quiz 2

## 2. Number System: (0-1 Questions)

Problems based on Divisibility & Remainder, Multiples & Factors,
Integers, LCM & HCF.
Try these Tips: Divisibility Test Trick for Quick Calculations
Quizzes: Quiz 1, Quiz 2

## 3. Average: (1-2 Questions)

Questions on Average Weight/Height/Age/Marks, Average Money
expenditure, Average Temperature etc. You just need to use a single
formula i.e. Average = (Sum of Quantities)/(Number of Quantities)
Quizzes: Quiz 1, Quiz 2
4. Percentage: (1-2 Questions)
Calculation oriented basic percentage problems.
Quizzes: Quiz 1, Quiz 2

## 5. Ratio and Proportion: (1-2 Questions)

Problems based on Simple Ratios, Compound Ratios, Componendo &
Dividendo, Proportions etc.
Quizzes: Quiz 1, Quiz 2

## 6. Interest: (1-2 Questions)

Problems based on Simple Interest, Compound Interest as well as
mixture of both SI & CI.
Tips: Try this Shortcut for Compound Interest, Try Shortcut for
SBI, How to Solve Simple Interest Problems with Different Rates

## 7. Number Series: (5 Questions)

Problems based on completing the Series, Finding the Missing Term,
Finding the Wrong Term. The concepts behind this can be based on
simple AP, GP, AGP or more complex patterns.
Quizzes: Quiz 1

## PRIORITY SET 2 Scoring, Easy if Concepts Clear & Steps Followed,

Could be Tricky, Time Consuming

## 8. Profit and Loss: (1-2 Questions)

Successive Selling, Partnerships, Discount & MP and Dishonest
Dealings.
Quizzes: Quiz 1, Quiz 2

## 9. Speed, Time and Distance: (1-2 Questions)

Relative Speed, Average Speed, Problems based on Trains, Boat &
Stream.
Try this lesson: How to Solve Average Speed
Quizzes: Quiz 1, Quiz 2

## 10. Algebra: (0-6 Questions)

Maybe 5 Problems based on Quadratic Equations in which two
the relation between x and y. Apart from that Linear Equations
questions based on ages may be asked, Sometimes Inequalities are
Quizzes: Quiz 1, Quiz 2

## 11. Mensuration: (1-2 Questions)

Problems based on areas of Square, Rectangle, Circle, Semicircle
and Parallelogram. Cone and Cylinder also asked.
Tips: The most time-effective shortcut for Mensuration Problems
Try this Quiz: Quiz 1
12. Data Interpretation: (5-10 Questions)
Problems come under this chapter are Line Graphs, Bar Graphs, Pie
Charts, Tables and other miscellaneous infographics. Triangular
Graph & Radar Graph problems appear rarely. Missing data types
questions are also asked in the exam.
Tips: How to Quickly Solve Pie Chart Problems in DI, How to Solve
Maximum-Minimum Problems in DI, How to Solve Missing Data Type
Questions

## PRIORITY SET 3 Tricky or Tough, More Time Consuming, Lesser

Chance of Accuracy

## 13. Time and Work: (1-2 Questions)

Problems based on Work Efficiency, Pipe & Cistern, Work and Wages.
Tips: Shortcut Method for Time & Work Problems
Quizzes: Quiz 1, Quiz 2

## 14. Permutation and Combination: (0-1 Questions)

Problems based on Basic Selection and Arrangement Problems.
Quizzes: Quiz 1, Quiz 2

## PRIORITY SET 4 Very Tricky/Tough, More Time Consuming, Less

Likely to Appear in Paper

## 15. Mixture Problems: (1-2 Question)

Problems based on making a mixture of two or more
entities/mixtures.
Quizzes: Quiz 1, Quiz 2

## 16. Probability: (0-1 Question)

Very basic problems on probability.
Quizzes: Quiz 1, Quiz 2

## 17. Data Sufficiency: (0-5 Questions)

Data sufficiency problems on almost all topics mentioned above.
Try this Quiz: Quiz 1

## SBI PO Syllabus for Prelims 2017 Reasoning Ability

PRIORITY SET 1 Easy to Solve, Scoring, Less Time Consuming,
High Accuracy Possible
1. Inequalities: (5 Questions)
Mostly Direct Mathematical Inequalities. There may be 2-3 complex
expressions like A > B C = D; E < B F. There may be 2-4
conclusions which are to be deduced from these statements. Coded
inequalities problems may also be asked where relation between
alphabets are coded such as A # B where # is actually code for >
sign.
Tips: Shortcut Method to Solve Mathematical Inequalities, How to
Solve Coded Inequalities
Quizzes: Quiz 1, Quiz 2, Quiz 3

## 2. Ordering and Ranking: (0-5 Questions)

Mostly Puzzle on ordering by age, floor, rank, boxes of different
colours one above another, order in row etc.
Tips: Tricks for Ordering & Ranking
Quizzes: Quiz 1, Quiz 2

## 3. Directions & Distances: (2-5 Questions)

A bit difficult problems but can be solved by just plotting all the
given information on paper.
Tips: 3 Tricks to Analyze & Calculate Direction and Distance
Quizzes: Quiz 1

## 4. Coding & Decoding: (0-5 Questions)

Less Likely to Appear. Mostly questions on Coding and Decoding in
Fictitious Language are asked where a few statements are given
which are coded in some meaningless language and questions are
based on this code. Possible questions could also include Coding and
Decoding by Letter Shifting, Coding by Analogy and Coding Letters
of a Word.
Tips: General Tips for Coding Decoding Part 1, General Tips for
Coding Decoding Part 2, Shortcut for Coding in Fictitious
Language, How to Solve Letter Shifting Problems
Quizzes: Quiz 1, Quiz 2, Quiz 3
PRIORITY SET 2 Scoring, Easy if Concepts Clear & Steps Followed,
Could be Tricky, Not Very Time Consuming

## 5. Blood Relations: (2-3 Questions)

Family Tree and Coded Blood Relation Problems.
Tips: General Understanding of Blood Relations, Understanding
Complex Blood Relations
Quizzes: Try this Quiz

## 6. Syllogisms: (0-5 Questions)

Problems with 2-3 statements and 2-3 conclusions. Questions are
questions are asked. Negative statements and conclusion are also
possible (i.e. which of the conclusions DO NOT follow from the given
statements).
Tips: Concepts of Syllogisms

## PRIORITY SET 3 Tricky or Tough, More Time Consuming, Lesser

Chance of Accurate Solving

## 7. Circular Seating Arrangement: (5-7 Questions)

Includes Uni-Directional and Bi-Directional problems (i.e. facing
inside, outside or in both directions). Sometimes, tough
Square/Rectangular/Hexagonal Table problems also asked. These
questions may be paired with Blood Relations or some other Double
Line-Up information along with Circular Arrangement information
which makes the problem more difficult and time consuming.
Tips: How to Approach Circular Arrangement Part I, Part II
Quizzes: Quiz 1, Quiz 2

## 8. Linear Seating Arrangement: (5-11 Questions)

Problems involving single row (usually, facing north/south) or 2 rows
facing each other and floor-based questions. Can include Double
Line-Up type problems with information sorting.
Quizzes: Quiz 1, Quiz 2

## 9. Double Line Up: (0-6 Questions)

May have negative information. Requires clean charting, proper
technique and step-by-step solving.
Quizzes: Quiz 1, Quiz 2, Quiz 3

## 10. Scheduling: (0-6 Questions)

Very similar to Double Line-Up problems.
Quizzes: Quiz 1, Quiz 2

## 11. Grouping and Selection: (0-5 Questions)

Less likely to appear. Problems on teams and committees asked.
Quizzes: Quiz 1

## PRIORITY SET 1 Scoring, Easy to Solve, Less Time Consuming,

High Accuracy Possible

## 1. Fill in the Blanks: (0-5 Questions)

Double Blank type questions. Vocabulary based questions. Answers
can be easily picked by eliminating options and understanding
context of the sentence.
Quizzes: Quiz 1, Quiz 2, Quiz 3, Quiz 4

## PRIORITY SET 2 Scoring, Moderately Time Consuming, High

Accuracy Possible

## 2. Reading Comprehension: (7-10 Questions)

Likely the RC will consist of one passage of 7-10 questions. The
topics you should look out for are Banking & Economy, Business,
Geo-politics, Governance, Education, Technology, Transport and
Social Issues. If 10 questions are asked then there can be 3-4
questions on vocabulary too.
Synonyms, Antonyms and meanings of Idioms/Phrases are asked in
vocabulary based questions. Theme and main idea based questions
are also asked. The fact based and inference based questions
require a thorough reading of the passage and sometimes could be
a bit tricky.
Tips: General RC Tips, Speed Reading Techniques, Styles & Tones
Quizzes: Quiz 1, Quiz 2, Quiz 3, Quiz 4, Quiz 5

## 3. Para Jumbles: (0-5 Questions)

A set of 6 sentences are to be rearranged to form a meaningful
paragraph. All questions will be based on this single test.
Sometimes, the correct order is asked and the options will show
whether you are on the right track. The passage can be on any
general topic. Use of conjunctions/connectors will be helpful for
attempting these questions.
Tips: 7 Tips for Solving Para Jumbles
Quizzes: Quiz 1, Quiz 2, Quiz 3, Quiz 4

## 4. Cloze Test: (5-10 Questions)

A single passage with 5 or 10 blanks. Passage could be on any topic
ranging from Banking & Economy to Social Issues. Words are usually
easy to moderate and vocabulary based, but there is always one or
two tough words. Understanding the context of the passage will help
Tips: 8 Tips to Master Cloze Test
Quizzes: Quiz 1, Quiz 2, Quiz 3, Quiz 4

## PRIORITY SET 3 Moderately Scoring, Moderately Time Consuming,

Moderate Accuracy Possible

## 5. Error Spotting: (5-10 Questions)

Could most probably be grammar based (as vocabulary based error
spotting was last asked in 2008). Long Sentences with error in one
part are asked. Important topics covered are: Tenses, Subject-Verb
Agreement, Article-Noun Agreement, Correct Part of Speech, Correct
use of Prepositions, Parallelism, Phrasal Verbs, Easily Confusable
Words, Contextual Usage, Sentence Construction, Degree of
Comparison, Conjunctions, Finite and Non-finite verbs. Avoid
guessing too much in these questions.
Tip: 52 Tips for Error Spotting Part I, Part II
Quizzes: Quiz 1, Quiz 2

## PRIORITY SET 4 Less Likely to Appear in Paper

6. Word Association Pair: (0-5 Questions)
Four words will be given and you need to determine which two words have
either synonymous or antonyms relation between them. Your knowledge
of vocabulary is tested.

## 7. Phrase Idiom Meaning: (0-3 Questions)

The phrases will be given and you need to select the correct meaning of
the given phrase.
Quizzes: Quiz 1, Quiz 2

## 8. Spellings: (0-3 Questions)

You need to choose the word that is correctly spelt or wrongly spelt from
the given options.
Lessons: Easily Confused Words in English, Lose vs. Loose

## 9. Sentence/ Paragraph Completion: (0-5 Questions)

A long sentence or a short paragraph will be given with one part of it
missing. The missing parts will be mentioned in the options. You need to
choose the correct option to complete the sentence or paragraph
meaningfully.
Quizzes: Quiz 1

## 10. Phrase Replacement/ Sentence Correction: (0-5 Questions)

Grammar/Vocabulary based. Avoid guessing too much in these
questions. The questions sometimes test you on Standard Construction
of Sentences, Order of Words, Phrasal Verbs, Homonyms, etc
Try these lessons: Easy Tips for Grammar Part I, Part II, Common Errors in
Degrees of Comparison
Quizzes: Quiz 1, Quiz 2, Quiz 3, Quiz 4, Quiz 5

## II. Main Examination: This is consisting of 2 papers as

a. Objective paper: This paper consists of 4 sections such as
1. Test of Reasoning & Computer Aptitude.
2. Test of Data Analysis & Interpretation.
3. Test of General/Economy/Banking Awareness.
4. Test of English Language.
b. Descriptive Paper: This paper is consisting of Letter Writing and
Essay.
Preliminary Examination of the Civil Services Examination for
recruitment to the Services and Posts mentioned below will be held by the
Union Public Service Commission on 18th June, 2017 in accordance with
the Rules published by the Department of Personnel & Training in the
Gazette of India Extraordinary dated 22nd February, 2017.
(ii) Indian Foreign Service.
(iii) Indian Police Service.
(iv) Indian P & T Accounts & Finance Service, Group A.
(v) Indian Audit and Accounts Service, Group A.
(vi) Indian Revenue Service (Customs and Central Excise), Group A.
(vii) Indian Defence Accounts Service, Group A.
(viii) Indian Revenue Service (I.T.), Group A.
(ix) Indian Ordnance Factories Service, Group A (Assistant Works
(x) Indian Postal Service, Group A.
(xi) Indian Civil Accounts Service, Group A.
(xii) Indian Railway Traffic Service, Group A.
(xiii) Indian Railway Accounts Service, Group 'A'.
(xiv) Indian Railway Personnel Service, Group A.
(xv) Post of Assistant Security Commissioner in Railway Protection Force,
Group A
(xvi) Indian Defence Estates Service, Group A.
(xvii) Indian Information Service (Junior Grade), Group A.
(xviii) Indian Trade Service, Group 'A' (Gr. III).
(xix) Indian Corporate Law Service, Group "A".
(xx) Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service, Group B (Section Officers
(xxi) Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and
Haveli Civil Service, Group 'B'.
(xxii) Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and
Haveli Police Service, Group 'B'.
(xxiii) Pondicherry Civil Service, Group 'B'.
(xxiv) Pondicherry Police Service, Group B.

## The number of vacancies to be filled on the result of the examination is

expected to be
approximately 980 which include 27 vacancies reserved for P.H. Category,
i.e. 07 vacancies for LDCP, 08 Vacancies for B/LV and 12 Vacancies for H.I.
The final number of vacancies may
undergo change after getting firm number of vacancies from Cadre
Controlling Authorities.
Reservation will be made for candidates belonging to Scheduled Castes.
Scheduled Tribes,
Other Backward Classes and Physically Disabled Categories in respect of
vacancies as may be
fixed by the Government.

## Pattern for Prelims Exam

200 Two
Paper General Studies - This paper will be counted for
Mark Hour
-I qualifying to write the Civil Services Mains exam.
s s

## Aptitude test (CSAT) - This paper is of qualifying

Paper
nature, but candidate must score at least 33% 200 Two
- II
marks in this paper. However, marks of this paper Mark Hour
(CSAT
are not counted for writing the Mains s s
)
examination.

The UPSC Prelims exam is meant to serve as a screening test only. The
marks of Paper 1 are alone considered for making the merit list for this
exam. Only those candidates who have qualified the Prelims can write the
Mains exam. The marks scored in the Prelim exam is not counted in the
final tally of the Mains exam or the Interview.
The number of candidates who qualify the Prelims Exam is about twelve to
thirteen times of the total of the approximate number of vacancies that
has to be filled in that year in the various Services and Posts.
It is mandatory for the candidate to appear in both the papers of Prelim
exam to be qualified for the evaluation purposes. The candidate will be
disqualified in case he or she appears in only one paper of the Prelims
exam.
Negative Marking:
There is "Negative Marking" in the Prelims exam. For every wrong answer,
1/3rd of marks allotted for every question will be reduced from the correct
tally of score. So candidates need to be extra careful while making wild
guesses in the prelim exams.
Prelims Syllabus
The syllabus for the Preliminary Exams for Paper-I:

## o Current events of national and international importance.

o History of India and Indian National Movement.
o Indian and World Geography - Physical, Social, Economic Geography
of India and the World.
o Indian Polity and Governance - Constitution, Political System,
Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
o Economic and Social Development - Sustainable Development,
Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.
o General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate
Change
o General Science
The syllabus for the Preliminary Exams for Paper-II:
o Comprehension
o Interpersonal skills including communication skills;
o Logical reasoning and analytical ability
o Decision-making and problem solving
o General mental ability
o Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude,
etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data
sufficiency etc. - Class X level) English Language Comprehension
skills (Class X level)
o Questions relating to English Language Comprehension skills of
Class X level. (will be tested through passages from English
language only without providing Hindi translation)

## Note 1: The questions in both Paper-I (current affairs) and Paper-II

(aptitude test) will be of multiple choice, objective type for 200 marks
each and the time allotted for each paper is two hours.

Note 2: The CSAT aptitude test or Paper-II will be a qualifying paper only
with a minimum of 33% to be secured to qualify for the Mains exam.

## Note 3: It is mandatory for the candidate to appear in both the papers of

Civil Services (Prelim) examination. The candidate will be disqualified in
case he or she appears in only one paper of the (Prelims) exam. So
appearing in both the papers is mandatory for the evaluation of the
(Prelims) exam.

## UPSC Mains Syllabus 2017 Subjects & Papers

QUALIFYING PAPERS ON INDIAN LANGUAGES AND ENGLISH (300
marks for each qualifying paper)
The pattern of questions would be broadly as follows :-
(i) Comprehension of given passages
(ii) Precis Writing
(iii) Usage and Vocabulary
(iv) Short Essays
Indian Languages :-
(i) Comprehension of given passages
(ii) Precis Writing
(iii) Usage and Vocabulary
(iv) Short Essays
(v) Translation from English to the Indian
language and vice-versa.
Note 1 : The Papers on Indian Languages and English will be of
Matriculation or equivalent standard and will be of qualifying nature only.
The marks obtained in these papers will not be counted for ranking.
Note 2: The candidates will have to answer the English and Indian
Languages papers in English and the respective Indian language (except
where translation is involved).
Paper 1: Essay (250 marks)
Candidates may be required to write an essay on specific topic. They will
be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their
ideas in orderly fashion and to write concisely Credit will be given for
effective and exact expression.
Paper 2: General Studies paper 1 (250 marks)
Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and
Society.

Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature
and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth
century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues

## The Freedom Struggle its various stages and important

contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the
country.

History of the world will include events from 18th century such as
industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries,
colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism,
capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.
Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

## Role of women and womens organization, population and

associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization,
their problems and their remedies.
Effects of globalization on Indian society

## Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including

South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the
location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in
various parts of the world (including India)

## Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami,

Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their
location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-
bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such
changes.
Paper 3: General Studies paper 2 (250 marks)
Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations.

## Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features,

amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues
and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of
powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal
mechanisms and institutions.

## Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other

countries
Parliament and State Legislatures structure, functioning, conduct
of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

## Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the

Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure
groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

## Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and

responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies

## Government policies and interventions for development in various

sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

## Development processes and the development industry- the role of

NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities,
institutional and other stakeholders

## Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the

Centre and States and the performance of these schemes;
mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the
protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
Issues relating to development and management of Social
Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

## Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability,

e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and
potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and
institutional and other measures.

## Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving

India and/or affecting Indias interests
Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries
on Indias interests, Indian diaspora.

## Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their

structure, mandate .
Paper 4: General Studies paper 3 (250 marks)
Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security
and Disaster Management.

## Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of

resources, growth, development and employment.
Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

Government Budgeting.

## Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country,

different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport
and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related
constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers

## Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum

support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning,
limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security;
Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
Food processing and related industries in India- scope and
significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements,
supply chain management.
Land reforms in India.
Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy
and their effects on industrial growth.
Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

Investment models.

## Science and Technology- developments and their applications and

effects in everyday life

## Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of

technology and developing new technology.
Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-
technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual
property rights.
environmental impact assessment

## Role of external state and nonstate actors in creating challenges to

internal security.
Challenges to internal security through communication networks,
role of media and social networking sites in internal security
challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its
prevention

## Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages

of organized crime with terrorism
Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate
Paper 5: General Studies paper 4 (250 marks)
Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude
This paper will include questions to test the candidates attitude and
approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his
problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in
dealing with society. Questions may utilise the case study approach to
determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered.

## Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and

consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics;
ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values lessons
from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and
administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in
inculcating values.
Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with
thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social
influence and persuasion.

## Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity,

impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public
service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-
sections.
Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in

## Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and

world.
Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status
and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and
private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as
sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance;
strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical
issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

## Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis

of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in
government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of
Conduct, Citizens Charters, Work culture, Quality of service
delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.

## Case Studies on above issues.

Paper 6 and 7: (250 marks each paper)
Candidates can choose any optional from the subjects, which are given
below:
List of optional subjects for UPSC Mains Examination
History
Literature of any one of the following languages: Assamese,
Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili,
Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santali,
Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu and English.
The CIVIL Services examination is one of the most prestigious examination
.Lot of the students will be eliminate in the UPSC prelims exam. UPSC
mains syllabus is vast but it requires great preparation. Utilizing the time
efficiently and Writing skills will play key role in mains exam. Students
appearing for UPSC mains exam must get clarity on each subject and
topic. I hope this UPSC mains new syllabus & subjects article may helpful
to you in clearing the doubts. candidates can log on to UPSCs official
website (www.upsc.gov.in) to see the detailed notification.

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