5 views

Uploaded by Albert Chen

65

- file_5119.pdf
- zycus details
- t1Fall2014A.pdf
- Booklet on Jpo
- Proves accés CFGS. 2008. Anglès. S1
- hw7sol
- Wagon Loader System
- Allowance
- Chapter 19.2
- Tsd
- The Last of the Steamers - Chapter 3 Preview
- Cyient Rail Solutions Across the Globe
- 878280NWP0TP4200Box377314B00PUBLIC0
- Railway Budget for 2012
- FTF - 2008
- English lcci
- Airthmetic Session Updated GAURAV
- 2
- Chapter 4[1]
- Bullet Train in India

You are on page 1of 9

CIE 439: Transportation Systems Analysis (Fall 2014)

SOLUTION

Test One (VERSION A)

Time: 1:00PM 1:50PM Friday (September 19, 2014)

Question One (20 points): give brief answers to the following questions.

(2) Supply (or transportation infrastructure, or physical elements); and

(3) Operation plans (or regulations, plans, rules, )

2. Briefly discuss the differences among the three types of sight distances, such as the stopping

sight distance, the decision sight distance, and the passing sight distance? (5pts)

SSD: minimum perception and reaction time, required action: full stop;

DSD: more perception and reaction time, required actions: full stop,

reduce speed, change lanes, and others;

PSD: for the two-lane highway scenario only, what is the required passing

distance without colliding with the vehicles running in the opposite

direction

3. Both the cumulative plots and the queueing theory can be used to analyze queues and delays

in a queueing system. List the condition(s) under which the queueing theory, rather than the

cumulative plots, should be used for analysis. (5pts)

Queueing theory applies to: (1) a queueing system with random arrivals

and/or random departures (or service); (2) the average arrival rate is less

than the average service rate (=/ < 1)

1

4. List the potential factors that affect pedestrian walking speeds. (5pts)

Socio-economic characteristics, such as age

A freight train and a passenger train share the same rail track. The average speed of the

freight train is 45 mph, whereas that of the passenger train is 70 mph. The passenger train

is scheduled to leave 30 minutes after the freight train departs from the same station.

(1) Draw the time-space diagrams to show the trajectories of the two trains; and

(2) Determine the location of the siding where a siding would need to be provided to

allow the passenger train to pass the freight train. As a safety precaution, the

separation headway between the two trains should be at least equal to 6 minutes.

120

105

90

75

Distance (mile) 60

45

30

15

0

0 15 30 45 60 75 90 105 120

Time (min)

(2)

Assume the siding is located x miles away from the station:

The time for the freight train to arrive at the siding is: (3 pts)Tf = x/45 (1)

The time for the passenger train to arrive at the siding is: (3 pts)

Tp = 30min/60min + x/70 (2)

According to the safety rule: Tp-Tf>=6min/60min (3)

Bring (1)&(2) to (3): Tp Tf = (x/45) - [30/60+x/70] >= 6/60 (3 pts) thenx<=50 miles

2

Answer: the siding should be no more than 50 miles away from Station A.

3

Vehicles arriving at a toll plaza on an interstate highway arrive according to the pattern shown

below. It is estimated that on average a single toll booth can process a total of 40 passengers

every 15 minutes. For the first 15 minutes (i.e. from 9:00 9:15 am), only one toll booth was

open. Between 9:15 and 9:30 am, two booths were open, and after 9:30 am, three booths were

open.

Time Period 15-minute Counts

9:00 9:15 am 60 vehicles

9:15 9:30 am 70 vehicles

9:30 9:45 am 100 vehicles

9:45 10:00 am 50 vehicles

(1) Draw the cumulative plots to show the arrival and departure patterns;

(2) Determine the maximum length of the queue; and

(3) Determine the total wait time for all vehicles.

updated every 15 minutes. For instance, we assume that the queue is cleared up at 9:45AM,

but not at a time moment between 9:30AM-9:45AM.

period arrivals e arrivals y departures departures length

9:00AM 0 0 0 0 0 0

9:15AM 60 60 40 40 40 20

9:30AM 70 130 80 80 120 10

Min(24

0,230)

=230**

9:45AM 100 230 120 120 * 0

10:00A

M 50 280 120 120 280 0

Note: *** if we update cumulative departures every 15 minute interval. For 9:45AM, the actual

cumulative departures are 240 vehicles which is greater than the cumulative arrivals (230

vehicles) (which means that the queue is cleared before 9:45AM). In this case, we just assume

that the cumulative departures are 230 vehicles so that the queue is assumed to be cleared at

9:45AM.

4

300

250

200

N 150

Cumulative arrivals Cumulative departures

100

50

0

9:00AM 9:15AM 9:30AM 9:45AM 10:00AM

T

(2) According to the table, the maximum queue length is 20 vehicles at 9:15AM (5 pts)

(3) Total delay= the sum of the three areas = triangle 1 at the bottom + trapezoid in the middle +

triangle 2 at the top

Total area=20*15/2 + (20+10)*15/2 + 10*15/2 = 450 minutes (5 pts)

5

EXACT SOLUTION: we look for the exact time moment between 9:30AM-9:45AM when

the queue is cleared up.

Time 15-min Cumulativ Capacit 15-min Cumulative Queue

period arrivals e arrivals y departures departures length

9:00AM 0 0 0 0 0 0

9:15AM 60 60 40 40 40 20

9:30AM 70 130 80 80 120 10

9:45AM 100 230 120 120 240*** 0

10:00A

M 50 280 120 120 280 0

Note: *** the cumulative departures are actually 240 vehicles by 9:45AM. This means that the

queue should be actually cleared up between 9:30AM and 9:45AM.

The following step is to look for the exact time moment when the queue is cleared:

According to the problem statement, the arrival rate between 9:30AM and 9:45AM is:

=100 veh/15 min = 6.667 veh/min

= 120 veh/15 min = 8 veh/min

Assume the queue will be cleared in x minutes from 9:30AM. By the time of (9:30 + x) AM, the

cumulative arrivals should be equal to the cumulative departures to clear the queue:

Cumulative arrivals by (9:30 + x) AM = the cumulative arrivals by 9:30AM + new arrivals in the

x minutes. So the cumulative arrivals should be (130 + 6.667*x)

departures in the x minutes. So the cumulative departures should be (120 + 8*x)

130+6.667x=120+8*x x=7.5 minutes

6

The queue is cleared in 7.5 minutes after 9:30AM

(2) According to the table, the maximum queue length is 20 vehicles at 9:15AM (5 pts)

(3) Total delay= the sum of the three areas = triangle 1 at the bottom + trapezoid in the middle +

triangle 2 at the top

7

Question Four (20 points)

An airport serves four different types of aircraft: Heavy (H), Large (L), Medium (M), and Small

(S). During a typical hour, 40 Heavy aircraft, 50 Large, 60 Medium, and 70 Small aircraft land.

Determine the probability that:

(1) Exactly four out of 10 aircrafts landing are of the LARGE type;

(2) In a stream of 10 aircraft, more than one LARGE aircraft would land; and

(3) In a stream of 10 aircraft, the first LARGE aircraft would be the third aircraft.

SOLUTION:

(1) Binomial distribution, PDF: the probability for a landed plane to be LARGE = 50/

(40+50+60+70) = 0.2273

P(X=4) = C(10,4)*0.22734*(1-0.2273)10-4 = 0.1193 (7 pts)

=1 - C(10,0)*0.22730*(1-0.2273)10-0 - C(10,1)*0.22731*(1-0.2273)10-1

= 0.7008 (7 pts)

8

Question Five (20 points)

Passengers at an airport arrive at a given security check point. The arrivals follow a Poisson

distribution with the average arrival rate as 120 travelers/hr. Check-in times for passengers vary

according to a negative exponential distribution with an average value of 25 seconds per

passenger. Determine:

(1) The average number of passengers waiting in line in front of the security check point;

(2) The average waiting time a passenger spends in a queue; and

(3) The average time a passenger spends in the system.

SOLUTION:

According to the problem statement, the type of queue is M/M/1

Check if the queueing theory applies to the case: <1, and thus applicable. The

average number of passengers waiting in line in front of the security check point

__

2 (0.8333) 2

Q 4.17veh

1 1 0.8333 (6 pts)

__

120

W 0.03472hr 2.08 min

( ) 144 * (144 120) (6 pts)

__

1 1

t 0.041667hr 2.5 min

( ) 144 120 (6 pts)

- file_5119.pdfUploaded byGwen Gala
- zycus detailsUploaded byrocky2219
- t1Fall2014A.pdfUploaded byDavid Lee
- Booklet on JpoUploaded bysatyanarayana_boddul
- Proves accés CFGS. 2008. Anglès. S1Uploaded byAngels Pascual
- hw7solUploaded byAvinash Barnwal
- Wagon Loader SystemUploaded byayaskant751001
- AllowanceUploaded bySuresh Murugesan
- Chapter 19.2Uploaded bynarasimha
- TsdUploaded byTMD
- The Last of the Steamers - Chapter 3 PreviewUploaded byRichard Holliday
- Cyient Rail Solutions Across the GlobeUploaded byiaseo_mumbai
- 878280NWP0TP4200Box377314B00PUBLIC0Uploaded byBrhane W Ygzaw
- Railway Budget for 2012Uploaded bybankportalibps
- FTF - 2008Uploaded byAnkit Durga
- English lcciUploaded byHorváthDávid
- Airthmetic Session Updated GAURAVUploaded bymukeshsurendra
- 2Uploaded byNandN
- Chapter 4[1]Uploaded byapi-3729261
- Bullet Train in IndiaUploaded bykanda71
- 28b_Full Paper_ Unplanned Development and Transporation ProblemsUploaded byGolam Rabbane
- Train AccidentUploaded byKamlesh Motghare
- BB.pdfUploaded byel_tano33
- Waiting Line ModelsUploaded byEylah Fadilah
- ECRL Volume 1 Executive SummaryUploaded bymroys mroys
- UntitledUploaded byeurolex
- Case Study RailUploaded bylinganapallireddy
- Transportation Statistics: table 12Uploaded byBTS
- Transportation Statistics: table 12Uploaded byBTS
- Online Railway Reservation and Management System.Uploaded byHung Duong Quoc

- Weibull6 TrainingUploaded byArifuddin Nurdin
- Midterm One 6711 f 10Uploaded bytabrupt
- Cisy403 Notes[1]Uploaded byCollins Saningo Suntu
- Statistics ReleaseNotes SGbkOStUploaded byTony
- El-Gohary et al 2013 The Generalized Gompertz Distribution.pdfUploaded byCarlos Andrade
- Input AnalysisUploaded byshaqkoby
- Lecture 5 & 6 - StatisticsUploaded byMohanad Suliman
- Probability_SyllabusUploaded byomkar_puri5277
- $$$MGB3rdSearchable.pdfUploaded byMarzieh Rostami
- Module 4 SlidesUploaded byjasson_cordones
- HW5 Selected SolutionsUploaded byAyan Sinha
- Operations Research 2 Mid Online BitsUploaded bytslnarayana
- Overdispersion Models and EstimationUploaded byJohann Sebastian Claveria
- 632234164 (1).pdfUploaded byGetachew
- Groebner-ch05Uploaded byPramudya Muhamad
- Stochastic Models in Space and Time IUploaded byAlanBrett
- Systems_Simulation_Chapter_6_Queuing_Mod.pdfUploaded byanarki417
- t2fall2014B.pdfUploaded byDavid Lee
- Saint Gb334 Final Exam ( Questions)Uploaded byteacher.theacestud
- BayesTraits V1.0 ManualUploaded byugaritics
- Continuous Probability DistributionUploaded byNikko Gonzales
- 10.1.1.188.4930.pdfUploaded byAmir Hamzah Sitinjak
- Probabilistic SHAUploaded byAnirudh Saboo
- Using R for Time Series Analysis — Time Series 0.2 DocumentationUploaded byMax Greco
- Assignment 2 QuestionUploaded byAnonymous 33HayWW
- BlockSim6 TrainingUploaded bySyed Majeed
- Genaro LinsUploaded byjtnylson
- Characteristics of Queuing SystemUploaded byShaira Salanda
- cseise6thelecUploaded byMurthy S V N
- 0521773202_RiskUploaded bymjamil886