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HighSpeedDownlinkPacket

Access
NarenMohan
naren.mohan@ericsson.com
Agenda

HSDPAOverview
HSDPABasicPrinciples
HSDPAChannels&Bearers
HSDPAConnectionHandling
HSDPAMobility

Commercialinconfidence 2 NarenMohan 20060418


WhatsNEW?

Fixed set of codes shared between users


Adaptive Modulation
A new measure of Radio quality - CQI :
Channel Quality Indicator, Fast
Adaptation/Scheduling based on CQI.
New MAC-hs for faster scheduling in Node B !
2 ms TTI (Transmission Time Interval) for
lesser delay.
Best effort service.

Commercialinconfidence 3 NarenMohan 20060418


SharedChannelTransmission
Asetofradioresourcesdynamicallysharedamong
multipleusers,primarilyinthetimedomain
SF=1

SF=2

SF=4 Channelizationcodesallocated
SF=8
forHSDSCH transmission
5codes(example)
SF=16
TTI

Shared
channelization
codes

User#1 User#2 User#3 User#4

InP5,upto15codes(SF16)canbeallocatedandshared
betweentheusers.ItalsodependsonwhattheUEcan
support.

Commercialinconfidence 4 NarenMohan 20060418


CQIChannelQualityIndicator
UEsendsCQIinfointheULtoaidrateadaptationand
scheduling

CQI(130)providestheNodeBwithameasureoftheUE's
perceivedchannelqualityandtheUEreceiverperformance

TheCQIreportestimatesthenumberofbitsthatcanbe
transmittedtotheUEusingacertainassumedpowerwitha
blockerrorrateof10%

UEassumesaHSPDSCHpowertocalculateCQI

PHS_assumed=RSCPCPICH +hsMeasurementPowerOffset + D

Commercialinconfidence 5 NarenMohan 20060418


FastLinkAdaptation
Ratecontrol
AdjustsdataratebasedontheRadioconditions(CQI)
FastAdaptation:2msTTIbasis
AdaptiveModulation(QPSKand16QAM)andCoding
Useavailablepower
Power

Highdatarate

Totalcellpower
HSDSCH(ratecontrolled)

Dedicatedchannels
(powercontrolled)
Lowdatarate
Commonchannels

t
HSDSCHwithdynamicpowerallocation

Commercialinconfidence 6 NarenMohan 20060418


FastHybridARQwithSoftCombining
Rapidretransmissionsoferroneousdata
HybridARQprotocolterminatedinNodeB
shortRTT(typicalexample:12ms)
SoftcombininginUEofmultipletransmissionattempts
reducederrorratesforretransmissions

Commercialinconfidence 7 NarenMohan 20060418


FastChanneldependentScheduling
(MAChs)
Scheduling=>whichUEtotransmittoatagiventime
instantandatwhatrate
MAChs(anewMACsublayerinRBS)

Basicidea:transmitatfadingpeaks
Mayleadtolargevariationsindataratebetweenusers

Scheduled
user highdatarate

User
1
lowdatarate
User Time
2
#1 #2 #1 #2 #1 #2 #1

Commercialinconfidence 8 NarenMohan 20060418


MAChsFunctions
ResourceEstimation
EstimationforavailableHSPDSCHpowerandcodes
PHS =Pmax hsPowerMarginPnonHS
PHSPDSCH =PHS PHSSCCH
HSSCCHpowerissetwithreferencetoCPICH
CodeinformationavailablefromRNC
QueueValidation
Datatotransmitisavailable
ADCHinuplinkinsynchfortheUE
UEsminimumTTIcapabilityisok
AdjustedCQIexistsfortheUE
SuitableHARQprocessexists
MAChstransmissionwindowisnotfull
QueueSelection
f(CQI)
f(delay)
f(averagerate)

Commercialinconfidence 9 NarenMohan 20060418


QueueSelectionAlgorithms
EricssonsupportsthefollowingSchedulingAlgorithms
andisconfigurableperNodeB(queueSelectAlgorithm)

RoundRobin(RR)EricssonRecommended
Cyclicallyassignthechanneltouserswithouttaking
channelconditionsintoaccount
Simplebutpoorperformance

ProportionalFair(PF)CingularRequested
Assignthechanneltotheuserwiththebestrelative
channelquality
Highthroughput,fair

MaxC/IRatio
Assignthechanneltotheuserwiththebestchannel
quality
Highsystemthroughputbutnotfair

Commercialinconfidence 10 NarenMohan 20060418


Agenda

HSDPAOverview
HSDPABasicPrinciples
HSDPAChannels&Bearers
HSDPAConnectionHandling
HSDPAMobility

Commercialinconfidence 11 NarenMohan 20060418


HSDPAChannelStructure 1/2
R5of3GPPstandardintroduces3newchannelsthat
supportHSDPA.

OneHSDSCH(HighSpeedDownlinkSharedChannel)
Mappedtoupto15(5inP4,15inP5)HSPDSCH
Dynamicallocationevery 2msec
TimesharingonlyinP4.CodesharinginP5.

OneHSSCCH(HighSpeedSharedControlChannel)
Controlinformation(UEID,HARQ,TFRC)
SF128,2msec,downlink

OneHSDPCCH(HighSpeedDedicatedPhysicalControl
Channel)perUEintheuplink
HARQUL(ACK,NACK),CQI

Commercialinconfidence 12 NarenMohan 20060418


HSDPAchannelstructure 2/2
DL:HighSpeedDownlinkSharedChannelHSDSCH
DL:HighSpeedSharedControlChannel(s) HSSCCH
(SCHEDULING)
AssociatedDedicatedChannel ADCH
UL:HSDedicatedPhysicalCommonControlChannelHSDPCCH
(CQI,HARQACK/NACK)
Iu Iu
RNC Iur RNC

Iub Iub
Associated
Dedicated
Channels

Commercialinconfidence 13 NarenMohan 20060418


HSDPARABs

InteractivePS64/HSandPS384/HS(optional)

Interactive64/HSkbpsPSRAB
UL:Interactive 64kbpsPSRB+3.4kbpsSRBsonDPCH
DL:InteractivePSRBonHSDSCH+3.4kbpsSRBson
DPCH
Interactive384/HSkbpsPSRAB
UL:Interactive 384kbpsPSRB+3.4kbpsSRBsonDPCH
DL:InteractivePSRBonHSDSCH+3.4kbpsSRBson
DPCH

Commercialinconfidence 14 NarenMohan 20060418


HSDSCHIubFlowControl

TocontrolthedataframesbetweentheRNCandthe
RBS(IUBinterface).TheRBSsetsthepaceatwhich
datacomesfromtheRNC
Takesintoaccount(asinput)
Iublinkoverloadcondition
LengthofthePriorityQs
ThroughputratetotheUE
Outputisacapacityallocationmessageaskingthe
RNCtoeitherslowdownorsendmoredata

Commercialinconfidence 15 NarenMohan 20060418


Agenda

HSDPAOverview
HSDPABasicPrinciples
HSDPAChannels&Bearers
HSDPAConnectionHandling
HSDPAMobility

Commercialinconfidence 16 NarenMohan 20060418


HSDPAConnectionEstablishment
WhentheinteractiveRABisrequested,thesystem
triestoestablishthefollowingRABs
384/HSDSCH
64/HSDSCH

UEindicatesHSDPAcapabilityinRRCConnection
SetupCompletemessage
SRBonDCH RRCConnectionEstablished.

ASestablished Bestserverandactivesetisselected

ServingHSDSCH ServingHScellshouldhaveHSDSCHenabled+
Selection thecellshouldbelongtoSRNC

Commercialinconfidence 17 NarenMohan 20060418


ServingHSDSCHSelection
TheHSDSCHservingcellselectionismadeatRABEstablishment

1. ThebestcelloftheactivesetselectedasasuitableservingHS
DSCHcell
2. Anothercellthanthebestcelloftheactivesetisselectedasa
suitableservingHSDSCHcell
hsOnlyBestCellissettoFalse
Theselectedcellhasacoveragerelationthatcoversoroverlaps
thebestcell.
Thepathlosscriteriaofthebestcellisfullfilled
3. AsuitableservingHSDSCHcellselectedinnewactiveset(hard
handoverinterfrequency)
4. NosuitableservingHSDSCHcellselected.PS64/64orFACHis
established

Commercialinconfidence 18 NarenMohan 20060418


ChannelSwitching(NewinP5)
P4 P5
DCH 64/384
HS
HS

64/HS
64/HS
64/128
hsdschinactivityTimer

64/64

FACH

IDLE
IDLE

SwitchingbetweenHSDSCHandDCHhappenstosupport
Iur,IRATandIFHOMobility.
Commercialinconfidence 19 NarenMohan 20060418
Agenda

HSDPAOverview
HSDPABasicPrinciples
HSDPAChannels&Bearers
HSDPAConnectionHandling
HSDPAMobility

Commercialinconfidence 20 NarenMohan 20060418


HSDSCHMobilityOverview

HSDSCHandHSSCCHdonotsupportsoft/softer
handover
ADCHsupportsoft/softerhandover(SRBanduplink
DCH)
HSDPCCHsupportonlysofterhandover
HSconnectionsperformaHScellchangethrough
PhysicalChannelReconfigurationMessage.
HScellchangeperformedonlywithcellsintheActive
Set.

Commercialinconfidence 21 NarenMohan 20060418


Event1dHS

Event1dHSissimilarto
event1d
Event1dHSoccurswhen
thesignallevelofacell
alreadyincludedinthe
ActiveSetbecomes
strongerthanthecurrent
bestcellintheActiveSet
DifferentHysteresis,Time
totriggerandqualitycriteria
for1dHS

Commercialinconfidence 22 NarenMohan 20060418


HSDPAMobilityPhase2(P5)

SupportsthefollowingHSDPAMobilitycases
InterRNCmobility(Iur)
InterFrequencymobility(IFHO)
IRATmobility(3G2G)
AllcaseshandleMultiRAB(SP+HS)

Commercialinconfidence 23 NarenMohan 20060418


InterRNC(Iur)HSDPAMobility
ParameterhsCellChangeAllowed&hsToDchTriggeraresettoTRUE.

CELL 1
/RNC1
RSCP

CELL 2
/RNC2

HSDSCHinbest e1a Cell 2 e1b Cell 1toberemovedfromAS,HS>


cell CELL 1 addedto DCHtransitionoccurs,Oncethenewbest
AS serverinthenewRNCestablished,up
switchtoHSDSCH

Commercialinconfidence 24 NarenMohan 20060418


IRATHSDPAMobility
ParameterhsCellChangeAllowed&hsToDchTriggeraresettoTRUE.

CELL 1

GSM
CELL
Measurement

HSDSCHinbest e2d Cell 1quality CellChange


cell CELL 1 degraded, Orderfrom
UEEntersCompressed UTRAN
mode
transitiontoDCH

Commercialinconfidence 25 NarenMohan 20060418


Q&A
Commercialinconfidence 26 NarenMohan 20060418
APPENDIXAHSDPAUE

Commercialinconfidence 27 NarenMohan 20060418


APPENDIXBMAChs

MAChsisanewMACprotocoldefinedforHSDPA

Commercialinconfidence 28 NarenMohan 20060418


APPENDIXCHSDSCHCell
ChangeSummary(P4)

Commercialinconfidence 29 NarenMohan 20060418


Commercialinconfidence 30 NarenMohan 20060418