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Introduction to

MicroStation
A Project-Based Approach for
Learning MicroStation V8i
(SELECTseries 3)

By: David Martin


Introduction to MicroStation

Dedication

I would like to dedicate this book to my


Rio Hondo College MicroStation students, both past and present.

Acknowledgements

I would like to thank Don Beaton for his editing and for his excellent suggestions to
improve this book.

The original sketches for the Robotic Gripper Project in Part Three were provided by
Professor Cortland C. Doan, Department of Technology, California State University, Los
Angeles.

Copyright David Martin 2015, 2016

Kindle Version

ISBN-13: 978-1511913010 (Print Version)


ISBN-10: 1511913010 (Print Version)

First Publication Date: April 26, 2015


Last Revision Date: April 17, 2016

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a


retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic,
mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission
of the author.

MicroStation is owned by Bentley Systems, Incorporated.


Please visit http://www.bentley.com/en-US for the terms of use of the software.

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Introduction to MicroStation

Table of Contents
INTRODUCTION ................................................................................. 4
INITIAL PROJECTS 2D VERSION ................................................... 14
PROJECT #1 ABSOLUTE COORDINATE EXERCISE..................................................... 14
PROJECT #2 RELATIVE COORDINATE EXERCISE...................................................... 34
PROJECT #3 BRACKET ................................................................................... 40
PRINTING YOUR DRAWING ................................................................................. 62
PROJECT #4 ADJUSTER PLATE .......................................................................... 69
PROJECT #5 SAW HANDLE .............................................................................. 82
PROJECT #6 HOLE BRACKET ............................................................................ 91
PROJECT #7 GASKET .................................................................................... 98
PROJECT #8 SPLINE SHAFT ........................................................................... 105
PROJECT #9 ANGLE BRACKET ........................................................................ 118
PROJECT #10 COVER PLATE .......................................................................... 128
PROJECT #11A WELD SYMBOLS ..................................................................... 138
PROJECT #11B WELDMENT ........................................................................... 146
INITIAL PROJECTS 3D VERSION ................................................. 152
PROJECT #1 3D ........................................................................................ 153
PROJECT #2 3D ........................................................................................ 165
PROJECT #3 3D ........................................................................................ 168
USING A 3D SOLID TO CREATE ORTHOGRAPHIC VIEWS ............................................. 176
PROJECT #4 3D ........................................................................................ 185
PROJECT #5 3D ........................................................................................ 187
PROJECT #6 3D ........................................................................................ 193
PROJECT #7 3D ........................................................................................ 199
PROJECT #8 3D ........................................................................................ 204
PROJECT #9 3D ........................................................................................ 210
PROJECT #10 3D ...................................................................................... 215
PROJECT #11B 3D..................................................................................... 218
ROBOTIC GRIPPER PROJECT ......................................................... 226
GRIPPER-1 GRIPPER FINGER .......................................................................... 227
GRIPPER-2 SLIDE BLOCK.............................................................................. 241
GRIPPER-3 PIVOT BLOCK.............................................................................. 247
GRIPPER-4 CAM FOLLOWER ........................................................................... 254
GRIPPER-5 SHOULDER BOLT .......................................................................... 257
GRIPPER-6 AIR CYLINDER............................................................................. 259
GRIPPER-7 .250-28 NUT............................................................................. 265
GRIPPER-8 ASSORTED PARTS ........................................................................ 269
GRIPPER-ASSM GRIPPER ASSEMBLY ................................................................. 274
CONCLUSION ................................................................................. 296
GLOSSARY ..................................................................................... 297

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Introduction to MicroStation

Introduction

MicroStation Students:

Welcome to Introduction to MicroStation! This book is designed to give


the student an introduction to the MicroStation V8i (SELECTseries 3)
software. These projects were originally developed based on the
projects used for my MicroStation course at Rio Hondo College in
Whittier, California. I feel that after you complete them they will give
you an excellent understanding of the MicroStation Software.

The book is divided into three parts: 2D Versions of the Initial Projects,
3D Versions of the Initial Projects, and a Mechanical Assembly of a
Robotic Gripper End Effector. All of these projects have step-by-step
procedures, screenshots, and demonstration videos on the companion
website at: www.intromicrostation.com. The videos will also provide
additional instruction of the tools and techniques being used for each
project. It is recommended that the student view these either before or
during the drawing of the projects.

The student will receive introduction to the 3D portion of the software


and complete the projects using this portion of the program. Once you
have completed the tutorials, you may wish to print your drawings and
assemble them into a portfolio. Students should have a general
knowledge of orthographic projection, linetypes, vellum and border
sizes, welding symbology, and dimensioning practice.

It is my hope that you will find this process an enjoyable and informative
one. Once you have completed the book please feel free to share your
experiences, suggestions, and compliments on the website.

Enjoy,

David Martin
intromicrostation@gmail.com
www.intromicrostation.com

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Introduction to MicroStation

Before Beginning to Draw

Each project has set of procedures that will aid you in drawing the
project. The units that are used are either in inches or millimeters.
Before beginning the project, be sure to set up the file with the
appropriate working units and levels. As the book projects progress, the
setup for new projects will change.

A good strategy is to develop a set of templates that have the various


settings for each project already set up as part of the file. If a template
does not exist, create one from a completed drawing.

Video Tutorials

There are on-line video tutorials available for student use at:

www.intromicrostation.com

Permission to access these files will be given as part of book purchase.


The author may be contacted by email at
intromicrostation@gmail.com. The student will also be required to
create a Google Account. This account and the associated email
account will be used to access the tutorial videos.

Title Blocks and Other Support Files

Title Blocks and other support files will be provided on the book website.
Student should copy these files to their local drive and/or flash drive.

File Management

One of the most important issues while learning a computer-based skill


is the management of the various files created. Always create a backup
copy of your working files. Students should use folders to organize their
work. A recommended method to do this will be covered during the first
project.

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Introduction to MicroStation

MicroStation Free Trial

Bentley Inc. provides a free trial of the software through their Student
server page. To download the software, you will need a School Code. If
your school uses Bentley software, you may check with them for the
code. Registration on the Bentley site is also required. You can access
the STUDENTserver page at the web address below:

http://apps.bentley.com/studentserver/home/index

MicroStation Graphics User Interface

Shown below is the interface for the MicroStation design program. The
first project is shown in the drawing area.

MicroStation V8i (SELECTSeries 3) Interface

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Introduction to MicroStation

Working Units Setup

Use this guide to setup drawing files with the correct working units.
This must be done prior to beginning the drawing and will affect the
size of elements if it is changed after the drawing has been started. Go
to the Settings menu, Design File to open the Design File Settings
dialog box.

Working Units Setting

Grid Setting

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Introduction to MicroStation

Use the following setup for mechanical drawings in imperial


measurement (inches)

Resolution:
Format: MU
100000 per Distance Inch
Master Unit: Inches Grid Master: 0.2500
Sub Unit: Mils Grid Reference: 4
Accuracy: 0.1234

Use the following setup for mechanical drawings in metric


measurement (millimeters)

Resolution:
Format: MU
100000 per Distance Inch
Master Unit: Millimeters Grid Master: 6.3500
Sub Unit: Micrometers Grid Reference: 4
Accuracy: 0.1234

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Introduction to MicroStation

Mechanical Drawing Level Setup

Use this guide for the Level Setup for the drawings. The procedure to
setup the levels for the drawings will be covered later in the book.

Primary Tools Tool Palette

Level Manager Dialog Box

Use the following level setup for both imperial and metric drawings:

Level Name Color Style Weight


Object Lines Green (2) 0 2
Hidden Lines White (0) (Hidden) 0
Center Lines White (0) (Center) or (Center-Short) 0
Dimensions White (0) 0 0
Text White (0) 0 0
Hatching Red (3) 0 0
Border Lines* Yellow (4) 0 2
Points* Magenta (5) 0 6
Tags* White (0) 0 0
*Used for A-Size and B-Size Border Files.

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Introduction to MicroStation

Drawing Setup for the Initial 2D Projects

Please watch the Tutorial Videos for Initial Project #1 for information of
drawing setup. The steps are also covered in the tutorial for the project.

This chart shows the settings for the initial 12 mechanical projects.

Drawing Drawing Print Dimension Linestyle Grid Dot Paper


Name Scale Scale Text Size Scale Factor Spacing Size

Project
None 2.400 .2500 1.000 .2500 ANSI A
#1
Project
None 2.400 .2500 1.000 .2500 ANSI A
#2
Project
1:1 1.000 .1250 1.000 .2500 ANSI A
#3
Project
1:1 1.000 .1250 1.000 .2500 ANSI A
#4
Project
1:1 1.000 .1250 1.000 .2500 ANSI B
#5
Project
1:1 1.000 .1250 1.000 .2500 ANSI B
#6
Project
1:1 1.000 .1250 1.000 .2500 ANSI B
#7
Project
2:1 .500 .0625 .500 .1250 ANSI B
#8
Project 1:1
1.000 3.175 1.000 6.3500 ANSI B
#9 (Metric)

Project 1:1
1.000 3.175 1.000 6.3500 ANSI B
#10 (Metric)
Project
None 1.000 .1250 1.000 .2500 ANSI B
#11a
Project
1:2 2.000 .2500 2.000 .5000 ANSI B
#11b

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Introduction to MicroStation

Project Volumes for Initial 3D Projects

MicroStation can measure the volume of the 3D projects that you will be
drawing. This provides an easy way of determining if you drew the object the
correct size and shape.

Use these volumes as a guide when calculating the volumes of the 3D


versions of your projects.

1. The tolerance is the amount that your volume may differ from the
volume shown. The +/- means that the volume can be above or below
the amount shown by the given value.
2. Use the Measure Volume tool in the Measure palette to measure the
volume of your project.

Drawing Name Volume Units Tolerance

77.1005
Project #1 77.0905 Cubic Inches +/- .0100
77.0805
44.8910
Project #2 44.8850 Cubic Inches +/- .0060
44.8790
4.2280
Project #3 4.2275 Cubic Inches +/- .0005
4.2270
1.7731
Project #4 1.7729 Cubic Inches +/- .0002
1.7727
12.165
Project #5 12.1630 Cubic Inches +/- .0020
12.161
13.2882
Project #6 13.2862 Cubic Inches +/- .0020
13.2842
1.3611
Project #7 1.3609 Cubic Inches +/- .0002
1.3607
9.7154
Project #8 9.7144 Cubic Inches +/- .0010
9.7134
92215.5503
Project #9 92204.0503 Cubic Millimeters +/- 11.5000
92192.5503
25202.4280
Project #10 25199.2780 Cubic Millimeters +/- 3.1500
25196.1280
Project #11b* 13.6098
13.5998 Cubic Inches +/- .0020
(Parts Combined) 13.5898

Note:
To check the volume of Project #11b, create a copy of the parts and then union
them together.

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Introduction to MicroStation

Project Volumes for Robotic Gripper Project

Use these volumes as a guide when calculating the volumes of the 3D


versions of the Gripper projects.

1. The tolerance is the amount that your volume may differ from the
volume shown. The +/- means that the volume can be above or below
the amount shown by the given value. The tolerance amount is based
off the total volume of the part
(Approximately +/- .01%).
2. Use the Measure Volume tool in the Measure palette to measure the
volume of your project.

Drawing Name Volume Units Tolerance

Gripper-1 .5651
.5649 Cubic Inches +/- .0002
(Gripper Finger) .5647

Gripper-2 .7094
.7092 Cubic Inches +/- .0002
(Slide Block) .7090

Gripper-3 1.2305
1.2303 Cubic Inches +/- .0002
(Pivot Block) 1.2301

Gripper-4 .0770
.0769 Cubic Inches +/- .0001
(Cam Follower) .0768

Gripper-5 .0579
.0578 Cubic Inches +/- .0001
(Cam Follower) .0577

Gripper-6*
(Air Cylinder - 1.8808 Cubic Inches Not Applicable
Retracted)

Gripper-6a*
(Air Cylinder - 1.9299 Cubic Inches Not Applicable
Extended)

Gripper-7 .0278
.0277 Cubic Inches +/- .0001
(.250-28 Nut) .0276

Note:
The volumes for both versions of the Air Cylinder may vary.

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Introduction to MicroStation

Part One

Initial Projects
2D Version

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Introduction to MicroStation

Initial Projects 2D Version


Project #1 Absolute Coordinate
Exercise
Filename: Initial Project #1.dgn

Description: This is the first project of the book. It is designed to introduce


the student to the MicroStation interface and to give the
student practice in the use of the data point key-in window.
This window allows the student to key-in coordinates using
absolute coordinates.

Students will also be introduced to the Text tool and the use of
the various commands to control the font, size, and the
spacing of the various text elements in the drawing.

Starting the software


1. Find and click on the MicroStation Icon to start the
software.

MicroStation Icon

2. The splash screen will appear. Wait for the software to open and for the
File Manager dialog box to open.

File Open Dialog Box

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Introduction to MicroStation

3. Set up a folder structure for your


drawing files. Start by creating a folder
called Intro MicroStation on your flash
drive or hard drive. Use the Create New New Folder Tool
Folder tool in the File Manager dialog
box.
4. Create a sub-folder under
the Intro MicroStation
folder called Initial
Projects. Double click on
the folder to open it.

This will be where you will


store the first 10 projects
of the book.
Initial Projects Folder

5. Click on the New File tool to create a file


located at the top of the dialog box.

New File Tool

6. Verify that the Seed File to be used is


seed2d.dgn.

This file contains the settings that are


used for the initial setup of the file.
Later we will use other methods to
apply these settings to new files. seed2d.dgn Seed File

7. The New dialog box will


open. Type in the filename in
the File name field below.

File Name Field

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Introduction to MicroStation

8. Click the Save button at the lower right corner of the dialog box.

In the default setting of the software, you must name a file before
opening it.

Save Button
File Created

9. Open the file by double clicking on it or by pressing the Open button in


the File Open dialog box.

This dialog box shows the files in a particular folder and a preview or
thumbnail of the file when it was last saved. You can also setup User,
Project, and Interface setting at the bottom right corner. You will not
be using these in this book.

File Open Dialog Box

10. The MicroStation Interface opens. By default the background is black


with white gridlines and dots. Images in the book will use a white
background for clarity.

If you wish to change this setting, click on the Workspace menu at the
top and select Preferences.

The Preferences dialog box will open. Select View Options category
from the list on the left and check the box next to Black Background -
> White.

Click the OK button to close the box.

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Introduction to MicroStation

Preferences Dialog Box View Options Category Change

11. Also turn on the Save


Settings on Exit setting.

This way, if you make


changes to any of the
drawing file settings they
will be saved after exiting
the file. This setting is in
the Operation category.

Note:
Saving the drawing will
not save the drawing
settings. Preferences Dialog Box Operations
Category Change

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Introduction to MicroStation

12. If you are an AutoCAD


user or would like to use
the ESC (Escape) key to
end the command, use
the Input category in the
Preferences dialog to turn
on the feature.

Preferences Dialog Box Input


Category Change
Allow ESC key to stop current command

Default User Interface

13. Before beginning the drawing, you must set the working units for the
file. See the working units setup page for values. Since this drawing is
an Imperial (Inches) drawing, we will use the following settings for the
Working Units.
14. Click on the Settings menu, Design File.
15. The Design File Settings dialog box opens. Select the Working Units
category.

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Introduction to MicroStation

16. Setup the workings units as shown. Click on the Edit button to change
the Resolution.

A warning box will appear. Click the OK button to continue.

Design File Settings Dialog

17. Set the Advanced Unit Setting as shown.

Do not change the Working Areas field.

Alert Box
(Working Units Change)

Advanced Unit Settings Dialog

Note:
Working units are typically setup at the beginning of the project and are not
changed. If the settings are changed then the project sizes and locations
could also change. If you are working on a project with other designers, the
working units will typically be specified by the Project Manager.

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Introduction to MicroStation

18. Close the Design File Settings dialog to change the Working Units. Re-
open the dialog to change the Grid setting.
19. Set the Grids as
shown.

Grid Dot Settings

20. If you cannot see the Grids on the screen, use the wheel on your mouse
to zoom in and out. You will also be able to see the grids after beginning
the drawing and fitting the view.
21. Click on the Level Manager tool at the top of the
screen. Create two new levels. Name one level
Object Lines and the other Text.
Level Manager
Tool

Level Manager Dialog Box

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Introduction to MicroStation

22. Before adding your first line, set


the level to Object Lines. Do
this by choosing the Object Line
level at the top left of the
screen.

Selecting the Level

23. Open the data point key-in window. To do this, select the AccuDraw
Coordinate window and press the M key. Use this window to enter
coordinates for the various points on the shapes.

AccuDraw Coordinate Window

24. The Data Point Keyin window will open. Use the Absolute (xy=) setting
to add the coordinates for the line endpoints.

Data Point Keyin Window

25. Start with the first shape in the upper left


corner of the example using the
Absolute(xy=) option. Use the Line tool in
the Drawing palette.

Line Tool

26. After adding the first line,


fit the object in the view
using the Fit View tool.
This tool is located at the Fit View Tool
tool of the drawing view
window. Note:
You can also zoom in and out by using the
wheel on your mouse. To pan the view, hold
Continue to use this tool to the wheel down and move the mouse.
fit the objects as they are
added to the drawing.

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Introduction to MicroStation

27. Use the chart in the Project


#1 drawing to key-in the
coordinates.

Project #1
Absolute Coordinate Chart

28. To draw the circle, use the Place Circle tool in the Drawing task.

Use the Center method when placing the circle. Set the diameter to
2.00.

Place Circle Dialog Box

Place Circle Tool

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Introduction to MicroStation

29. To draw the triangle, use the Place Regular Polygon tool.

Match the settings as shown.

Place Regular Polygon Tool

Place Polygon Tool

30. To place the circle around the triangle, use the centerline style. Place
the circle on the Text level.

The center point of the circle will be the same as the center of the
triangle. Use 2.50 for the diameter of the circle.

Center Linestyle

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Introduction to MicroStation

Setting Up the Outside Border and Text Boxes


1. Draw the outside border. Use
24.75 for the width and 14.0 for
the height. Use the Absolute
Coordinate method and the Place
Block tool.

Position the lower left corner of


the border 1.75 below and 2.00
to the left of the origin of the Place Block Tool
shape.
2. Setup the frame for the text box. The total width of the box is 4.50 and
each column is 1.50. The height of each row is .50. Draw the box using
the Place Line tool.
3. After placing the two vertical lines
and the top line, use to Move
Parallel tool to copy the lines
down from the top.

Access the tool by clicking and


holding on the third tool in the
Main palette. You may also open
the Manipulate toolbox by
selecting Open Manipulate as
toolbox.

Manipulate Toolbox

Move Parallel Tool

4. Use 1.000 for the


first line and then
.500 for the
remaining lines.

There will be a
total of 18 lines
not including the Move/Copy Parallel Lines Added
top horizontal line. Settings

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Introduction to MicroStation

5. Add two vertical lines from the left or right


side using the Copy Parallel command at a
distance of 1.500.

Lines Added

6. Use the Trim To Element tool to trim


the lines.

You may also to open the Modify


toolbox to access the tools quickly.

Modify Toolbox

Trim To Element Tool

7. When trimming, click


the portion of the
element that you will
be trimming first then
click the element that
you are trimming to
second.

Element Trimmed

8. Continue trimming until the text box appears as in the project example.

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Introduction to MicroStation

9. Next you will need to create two separate lines from the second vertical
line. Use the Break Element tool to create two lines and the trim to
connect them to the horizontal line.

Break Element Tool

Line Broken

10. After reattaching the two line


segments, select the lines that
appear thinner in the example.

Click in the Level selector


pulldown at the top left of the
screen and change the level for
the line to Text.

They will appear thinner and


white (or black) in color.

Completed Lines for Table

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Introduction to MicroStation

11. Setup the text for the first column. Use .2500 for the text height and
width. The line spacing is 1.0. Use Center Top for the justification.

Place Text Tool

Place Text Dialog


with text settings applied.

12. Type the entire


first column all at
once and place the
first row in the first
cell of the table.

When placing the


text use the Snap
function to lock the
text at the
intersection of the
two lines.
Placing the Text
Column of Text

13. Use the Move tool to move the text into


the correct location.

Move Tool

Moving the Text

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Introduction to MicroStation

14. Use these steps to move the text using the AccuDraw window.

a. Select the text column.


b. Click the Move tool.
c. Click the start point for the move.
d. Move the text down and to the right.
e. Type .75, then the Tab key, then .125 (the value should be
negative).
f. Click to complete the moving of the text.
15. Complete the remaining text for the columns.
16. To place the text for the
POINT and ABSOLUTE
COORDINATES boxes
use the settings as
shown.

Text Settings

17. To aid in locating the


text, draw two
temporary diagonal
lines and snap the text
to the midpoint of the
lines.

Placing the Text

18. Use the AccuDraw window and the Move tool to move and place the
table. The table is 1.750 to the left and .500 up from the lower right
corner of the border.

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Introduction to MicroStation

19. Type the name of


the project, your
name, date, and
the project above
the table.

Use .375 text for


the underlined text
and .250 for the
other text.

Drawing Label Text

20. To create the underlined text you will need to create a text style. Click
on the Element menu and the Text Styles tool to open the Text Styles
dialog box.

Although not required you may also create text styles for the other
text.

When creating the Title style, use the settings as shown.

Text Styles Dialog Box

Underline Settings

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Introduction to MicroStation

21. Place the text for coordinate


labels at the corners and
center of the shape. Use
.375 for the text height.

Coordinate Labels Placed

22. Place the origin symbols at


the lower left corner of the
shape. You will use the place
note command to place the
arrows.

Place Note Tool

23. To set the size of the arrowhead you will need to open the Dimension
Styles dialog box. Click on the Element menu, Dimension Styles to do
this.
24. Match the settings as shown.

You will also need to set the


arrowhead to Filled. This setting
is in the Geometry tab.
Arrowhead Settings

Text Settings in Dimension Styles Dialog

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Introduction to MicroStation

25. Add the text and arrows as shown.

Estimate the location of the lines and


arrows.

Use .25 text, Font #100 for the


0,0 text.

Origin Symbol

26. Add in the text for


the notes at the top
left corner of the
border.

Use .25 for the


height and width of
the text and Font Note Text
#100.
27. This completes the first project.

Save the file. (You will print the drawing after completing Project #3.)

Note:
In the default setup of MicroStation, the file is saved automatically
after a change has been made to the drawing. Although not required
for these projects, this setting may be turned off in the Preferences
dialog box under the Operation category.

See the next page for a screenshot of the dialog box.

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Introduction to MicroStation

Automatically Save Changes checkbox

Page 32
Introduction to MicroStation

Page 33
Introduction to MicroStation

Project #2 Relative Coordinate


Exercise
Filename: Initial Project #2.dgn

Description: The project will continue with the use of the Data Point Key-in
window and will use it to input relative coordinate to aid in the
creation of a shape. Instead of starting from the seed2d.dgn
file, you will use the previous file to aid in the setup of the
project.

Procedure:
1. Open Project #1 and save the drawing as Project #2.

Note: If you are immediately starting the project just after completing
Project #1, save the file before using the Save As command to save
as Project #2.
2. Keep and use the same level setup as Project #1.
3. Open the data point key-in
window. As before, click on the
AccuDraw coordinate window
and press the M key. Use this
window to enter coordinates for Distance (di=) Keyin
the various points on the
shapes.
4. Click the first point with the mouse. Use the Data Point Keyin window
for the remaining lines.
5. When keying in the points, use
the Distance(di=) option. The
first number is the length of the
line, the second is the angle.
Key-in for First Line

6. Work your way around the perimeter of the shape keying in the
distance and the angle for each line.
7. When completing the
shape, draw the line from L
to A using the endpoint
snap function.

Note:
When snapping the line
you will see the first line Adding the Last Line
turn a magenta color and
there will be a yellow X
at the endpoint.

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Introduction to MicroStation

8. To check the angle to eight place decimal accuracy you will need to
change the accuracy setting in the Design File Settings dialog box.

Angle Accuracy Settings

9. Also, to check the distance to six place decimal accuracy you will need
to change the accuracy setting as well.

Distance Accuracy Settings

10. Verify that the line is the correct length and angle using the
Information tool located in the Primary tools toolbox.

Click on the line and then the tool.

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Introduction to MicroStation

Information Tool
Line Selected

Element Information Dialog Box

11. When entering the title,


your name, date,
project number use the
text that was left over
from the previous
project.

To edit the text,


double-click on the
original text and modify
it in the Text Editor Modified Text for Project #2
box. Type in the text for
the title, name, date,
and project name.

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Introduction to MicroStation

12. Modify the


text for the
Notes in the
upper left
corner.

Notes Text

13. Next you will modify the table for the


Points and Coordinates.

The new table will have a column


width of 2.00 for each column. The Stretch Tool
original had a width of 1.50. You will
use the Stretch tool to stretch the
columns to their new width.
14. Click on the tool
and draw a
fence around the
left column as
shown.

Drag the fence


.50 to the left.
This will stretch
the column so
that it is 2.00
wide.

Fence Placed
Fence Dragged

15. The column is now


widened.

Move both text


elements to the
right .250 inches.
Column Widened Text Moved

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Introduction to MicroStation

16. Repeat the process for the


middle column and then the
right column.

Move the X and Y columns


.25 to the right. Move the
Absolute Coordinates text
.50 to the right. Columns Stretched and Text Moved

17. Edit the text in the columns.

You will also need to delete the lines


for the extra rows.

Text Edited

18. This completes the drawing. Save the file.


(You will print the drawing after completing Project #3.)

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Introduction to MicroStation

Project #3 Bracket
Filename: Initial Project #3.dgn

Description: The project will introduce the student the concept of


referencing, dimensioning, and linestyles.

Procedure:
Setting Up the Drawing File
1. Open Project #2 and save the drawing as Project #3. Go to the
Settings menu, Design File to verify that the Working Units are set
correctly.

Note:
If you have just completed Project #2 and are immediately starting
Project #3, save Project #2 before saving the file as Project #3.
2. Refer to the level setup page for the levels to create and their
properties. There will be additional levels added to this drawing. Refer
to the diagram below for their names and properties.

Level Setup for Project #3

3. Attach the A-Size Border and Title Block Text (A-Size) files as
reference files.

Note:
The term Referencing Files means that you will be attaching a link
from one file to another. The result of this is that the file that is linked
may be updated and the changes will appear in the file that it is linked
to. For Projects 3-12 you will be linking the Border and Title Block Text
files onto the drawing. These files are located on the textbook website.
4. Download and copy the files A-Size Border.dgn and Title Block Text
(A-Size).dgn along with the other support files from the textbook
website. The folder will be called Title Blocks.

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Introduction to MicroStation

5. Click on the References tool


at the top of the screen.

References Tool

6. This will open the References dialog box.

References Dialog Box (Attach Reference Tool Circled)

7. Click on the Attach Reference tool and select the two files mentioned in
Step #4. Also check the Save Relative Path checkbox at the bottom.
This way if you change computers and the drive letters change, the
file(s) will still maintain the link.

Attach Reference Dialog with files selected

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Introduction to MicroStation

8. The files will be attached


to the drawing.

As they are added the


Reference Attachment
Settings dialog box
opens.

Click the OK button to


attach the file.

This dialog box will be


covered in more detail in
later projects.

Reference Attachment Settings Dialog Box

9. Merge the text file into the drawing.

Do this by right-clicking on the file in the list of linked files.

Select the Merge Into Master choice. Note that it says at the bottom
left corner to Select View for Merge

Click in the view window to complete the process.

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Introduction to MicroStation

Merge Into Master Command

10. To edit the text in the title


block, double-click on one of
the text elements.

Use the Edit Tags dialog box


to edit the text in the title
block.

Note:
Tags are elements that are
created to allow text to be
placed in preset locations.
Edit Tags Dialog Box

Drawing the Views


1. Set the current level to Object Lines using the Attributes toolbox. Make
sure that the Color, Linestyle, and Lineweight are set to By Level. This
is indicated by the stack of white papers showing next to each setting.

Attributes Toolbox

2. Draw the left and the bottom edges of the front view first. Use the
place line tool in the Drawing task.

The vertical line will be 1.45 in length and the horizontal line will be
3.05 long.

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Introduction to MicroStation

First Two Lines Added


Place Line Tool

Note:
When drawing the vertical
and horizontal lines, make
sure the AccuDraw compass
is visible. If it isnt, click on
the Toggle AccuDraw tool in
the Primary Tools toolbox.
AccuDraw Compass
When drawing the line it will
lock horizontal and vertical
as the line approaches the
index marks.

Toggle AccuDraw Tool

3. Finish the outside edge of the view


by adding the .50 horizontal line
and the .49 vertical line.

Draw the angled line by snapping to


the endpoint of the two lines

Remaining Lines for Outside


Edge Added

4. Draw the two interior lines by


snapping to the upper right corner
and drawing a line 2.1 to the left.
(Since the dimension is not given,
subtract .95 from 3.05.)

Continue with the second line to the


appropriate corner. Last Two Lines Added

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Introduction to MicroStation

About Snaps

Snaps are used to lock new elements at various


points on existing objects. You may turn on the
snap mode button bar by clicking on the Snap Mode
tool at the bottom of the screen. The Snap Mode
Button Bar allows you to switch
quickly between one snap mode and
another.

Snap Mode Button


Snap Mode Button Bar and Multi-Snap Dialog Bar Selection

By clicking once on the desired snap mode, the mode will be


active for one command. If you double click on the mode then it
will remain active until you choose another mode.
If you want to use multiple modes at once, use the Multi-snap
tool at the end of the button bar. Open the dialog box by right-
clicking and selecting Settings. You may setup three Multi-snap
modes.
By using the AccuSnap toggle, you can turn automatic snapping
on or off.
Drag the button bar to the bottom of the screen to dock it next to
the AccuDraw coordinate box.

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Introduction to MicroStation

5. Place the circle at the top left corner of


the view.

Click the Place Circle tool and set the


diameter to .23.

Place Circle Tool

6. Use AccuDraw to locate the circle. Snap


the circle at the lower left corner of the
view. (Do not click.)

Bring focus (activate) to the AccuDraw


window by pressing the F11 key and
then pressing the O key (Shortcut for
Origin). This will move the origin to the
corner. Origin Set

7. Move the cursor up and to the right.


Type .25 for the X axis and 1.07 for the
Y axis. You may press the Tab key to
move between the two coordinate
directions.
AccuDraw Coordinates

8. Before accepting the point for the


center of the circle, you will see that the
location is temporarily locked and
dashed lines are indicating the distance
and direction.

Click the left mouse button to place the


circle. Then click the right mouse button
to end the command.

This completes the front view.

Circle Moved

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Introduction to MicroStation

9. Project the edge of the front view to the right to draw the right side
view.

Lines Projected

10. Draw the vertical lines through the horizontal lines. Use the Move
Parallel tool to place the lines at the correct distance.

Vertical Lines Added

11. Use the Trim to Intersection and Trim to Element tools to trim the
corners and endpoints of the lines. You will change the lines to the
Hidden Level later.

Trim to Intersection for Corners Trim to Element for Remaining Lines

12. Project vertical lines from the


edges of the front view.

You may wish to lock the line


at 90 degrees in the tool
settings box.

Vertical Lines Projected

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Introduction to MicroStation

13. Draw horizontal lines


through the vertical lines.
You may use the Miter Line
technique to do this.

Miter Line Technique Used


for Horizontal Lines

14. Trim the lines as before.

Delete any extra lines.

Lines Trimmed and Deleted

15. Add the two circles as you


did for the front view.

Use the lower right corner of


the view as the origin for the
AccuDraw tool.

Circles Added

16. Project the left and right


sides of the bottom circle
down to the front view.

Use the trim tools to trim


the endpoints.

Lines Trimmed

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Introduction to MicroStation

17. The lines for the three views are


added. Next you will change the
appropriate lines to the hidden
level and add the centerlines.

Lines for Views Added

Converting the Hidden Lines and Adding the Centerlines


1. Before converting the hidden lines and adding the centerlines to the
view, you will need to load a custom linestyle file created for this
manual. You will use these lines styles for all the projects.
2. Download and copy the files from the website to your flash drive or
hard drive. You should create a new subfolder on your drive called
Linestyles.
The file is named Linestyles.rsc.
3. To load the linestyle file click on the
Element menu, Linestyles, Edit

Element Menu Command

4. The Line Style Editor dialog


box opens. You will use this
dialog box to load the
linestyle file.

Line Style Editor Dialog Box

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Introduction to MicroStation

5. In the dialog box, click on


the File menu, Import,
MicroStation Resource File
(RSC) to load the file.

MicroStation Resource File

6. Select the Linestyles.rsc


file to load.

Note:
The other file will be used
for the architecture projects
later in the manual.
Linestyles.rsc File

7. The Select Linestyles to


Import dialog box will open.
Select all of the linestyles
to load into your file. Click
the Import button to
complete the load.

Select Linestyles to Import Dialog Box

8. Click on the Linestyle


pulldown at the top of the
screen.

You will see the linestyle


names that were loaded.

Linestyle Pulldown

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Introduction to MicroStation

9. Select the lines that will be


changed to the Hidden
linestyle.

Lines Selected

10. Select the Hidden Lines


level.

Hidden Lines Level Selected

11. The lines will change to the


hidden linestyle.

Lines Changed to Hidden Style

12. Click on the Element menu,


Linestyles, then Custom.

Line Styles, Custom Command

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Introduction to MicroStation

13. The Linestyles dialog box


opens. Set the scale factor
to 1.000 and the Shift
setting to Centered. This will
center the dashes based on
the endpoints of the line.

Line Styles Dialog Box

14. Draw the centerlines as


shown in the example.

If you do not see the dashes


appear, check the in Level
Manager to confirm that the
Center Lines level is using (Center) Linestyle
the (Center) linestyle.
15. For the shorter lines, you
will need to use the Modify
Linestyle Attributes tool in
the Change Attributes
toolbox. Modify Linestyle Attributes Tool

16. Click on the Shift tool in the


Modify Linestyle Attributes
toolbox.

Shift Tool

17. Click on the shorter centerlines. The line will turn magenta. Move the
cursor to locate the dash at the midpoint of the line.

The dash will barely be visible as it is moved. It may take a few tries to
locate the dash correctly.

You may also use the Center-Short style. The dash may appear for the
shorter lines.

Note:
You may wish to draw a diagonal line and snap to the midpoint to
locate the vertical centerlines for the holes.

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Introduction to MicroStation

Dash Moved to Midpoint

Centerlines Projected Centerlines Shortened

18. The Center Marks will be added later when dimensioning the views.
Setting Up the Dimension Style
Before you can dimension the drawing you will need to create a dimension
style. Over the next few steps you will create a new dimension style and
apply changes to match the example.
1. Open the Dimension Styles
dialog box by clicking on the
Element menu and selecting
Dimension Styles.

Dimension Styles Dialog Box

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Introduction to MicroStation

2. The Dimension Styles dialog box opens. Click on the Create Style tool
and name it as shown.

Make the changes as shown in the circled areas. All other settings will
remain the same. Press the Save Button to save the changes after
leaving each tab. If a change or style has not been saved it will appear
blue.

You will see the style update at the bottom of the dialog after each
change.

Dimension Style Dialog Box Geometry Tab Changes

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Introduction to MicroStation

Dimension Style Dialog Box Units Tab Changes

Dimension Style Dialog Box Text Tab Changes

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Introduction to MicroStation

3. There will be no changes to the Symbology Tab. The reason for making
any changes would be if you wanted to override the properties of the
level settings for the Dimension level.
4. When making changes to the Advanced Tab, open the Tool Specific
Property and set the prefix for Radius, Radius Extended, Diameter, and
Diameter Extended to None.

The reason for this is because you will need to edit some of the
dimensions to place the 2X in front of the dimension value.

Dimension Style Dialog Box Advanced Tab Changes

5. You will now need to create an additional style. This one will have the
arrows to the outside. This works better than having the program
deciding when to place the arrows inside or outside.
6. Save the style one more time
and then click on the Copy
Style tool.

Copy Style Tool

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Introduction to MicroStation

7. Name the style Mech 1-1


(Outside Arrows).

The only change you will need


to make is to set the
Text/Terminator settings in Text/Terminator Setting
the Geometry Tab to Term. Changed for New Style
Outside.
8. Now you are ready to dimension the drawing.
9. Open the Dimension
toolbox and dock it at the
top of the screen. Click on
the Tools menu,
Dimensions, Open as
Toolbox.

Tools, Dimensions, Open as Toolbox

10. The Dimension toolbox


opens. This tool box
contains all the tools that
you will need to dimension
Dimensions Toolbox
your drawing.
11. First you will add the center
marks at the two circles.

Click and hold on the Radial


Dimensions: Dimension
Radial tool.

A flyout palette will appear.

Select the Dimension


Center tool to add the
center marks. Dimension Center Tool

12. Click on the edge of the circle. You will see a center mark appear.
Stretch the endpoints to approximately .25 from the outside edge of
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Introduction to MicroStation

the circle.

Note: The center mark stretches because of the minus sign in front of
the value. You will also need to uncheck the Association lock (if
checked).

Place Center Mark Tool


Settings Box

Placing the Center Mark

13. Repeat for the other circle.


14. Add a centerline between to two
center marks.

Center Mark and Line Added

15. Click on the Dimension


Linear tool to dimension
the 1.05 dimension for
the circle.

Be sure to dimension
circles from their edges
and not the centers to
Dimensions Toolbox
preserve the dashes of Dimension Linear Tool Selected
the center marks.

Space the dimension two


grid dots or 1/2 from the
edge of the object.

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Introduction to MicroStation

Dimension Placed

16. After placing the dimension there may be


times when the text needs to be moved.
Use the Manual option in the location
setting to allow this.

Note:
This can also be changed in the
Dimension Styles dialog under the
Advanced Tab, General, Placement,
Location setting. Manual Option

17. Switch to the Radial Dimension:


Dimension Radial tool. Dimension the
circle as shown.

Note:
Since the diameter symbol has been
turned off in the dimension style, use
Diameter Mode
the lowercase n to place the
diameter symbol.

Diameter Dimension Added

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Introduction to MicroStation

18. Edit the text in the remaining radial dimensions to match the example.
Double-click on the text to do this.

Dimensions Completed

19. Edit the note in the upper


left corner. Use the Edit
Text command or double-
click the text with the
Element Selection tool
selected. Note Text Modified

Edit Text Tool

20. Save the drawing. (You will print the drawing in the next procedure.)

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Printing Your Drawing


Description: The procedure will introduce the student to the process of
printing their drawings. Two methods will be discussed;
printing to a PDF file and to a printer. Creating a Printer
Configuration File will also be covered.

Procedure:
In this procedure you will use Project #3 as the example for printing.
1. Open the Project #3 file and fit the drawing to the view. At this point the
drawing should be finished and ready for printing.

This first procedure will cover printing the drawing to an actual printer.
2. Click on the Print tool in the
Standard toolbox. You may also
select the Print tool in the File
menu.
Print Tool

3. The Print Dialog box will open.

Note:
Your settings will most likely be different than these. Depending of
which type of printer is installed, the settings will change.

Print Dialog Box

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Introduction to MicroStation

4. The first thing to do is to snap a


fence around the edge of the
border. Unlike with other tools you
will need to use a tentative point to
lock the cursor to a location. You do
not need to zoom in to the corner of
the border to do this.

To do this, position the mouse at


the corner of the border. Press the Top Left Tentative Point
right and left mouse buttons at the
same time. You will see a tentative
point appear.
5. Click the left mouse to accept
and then drag the mouse below
and to the right of the lower
right snap point.

The Fence will appear as a


green shaded box.

Top Left Fence Corner Placed

6. Repeat the tentative point and


click the left mouse button
accept the final position of the
fence.

Bottom Right Tentative Point

7. After the Fence is placed, you will see the


Area setting in the Print dialog box
change to Fence. The Drawing view will
also fill the entire preview window.

Note:
If you need to place the Fence again,
click on the Place Fence tool again to
clear it.
Area Setting Changed to
Fence

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Introduction to MicroStation

8. Set the Color Setting to Monochrome.

Color Set To Monochrome

9. Set the Scale Setting to 1.000.

You will see that the image has resized be slightly smaller than the page
size.

Scale set to 1.000

10. Click the Preview button to preview the


print. You may need to enlarge the
window to see the lineweight
differences.

Preview Button

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Introduction to MicroStation

Preview Window

11. Close the Preview window when finished.


12. To send the file to the printer, click
the Print button in the dialog box.

Print Tool

13. The drawing will print from the selected printer.


14. To print Projects #1
and #2, use the same
settings as before with
the exception of the
scale.

Click the Maximize


button to size the
drawing to the window.
Maximize Button

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Introduction to MicroStation

To Print to a PDF File


The print settings will be the same to print to PDF file. The only change will
be to select a different Print Driver.
1. In the Print dialog box, change the
driver from Windows driver to Bentley
driver.

Changing to a Bentley Driver

2. Click the magnifying glass next to the


driver pull-down.

Magnifying Glass

3. The Select Print Driver Configuration File dialog box opens.

Select the pdf.pltcfg file.

Note:
This file comes with the software and it is not required to be
downloaded.

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Introduction to MicroStation

Select Print Driver Configuration File Dialog Box

4. Click Open to select the file and close the dialog box.
5. Reset the scale setting to 1.000 and set the Color to Monochrome. The
paper size will be ANSI A.
6. Click the Print button in the dialog box. The Save Print As dialog box
will open.
7. Set the folder to the location that you wish to save the PDF file.

Note:
To avoid having to search for the folder each time, use the Directory
History button to display the recent folders used.

Directory History Button

8. Click Save to save the PDF file.

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Introduction to MicroStation

Creating a Print Definition File


To avoid having to set up a drawing each time you may choose to create a
Print Definition File. This file is used to retrieve a file that has been printed
and also to save the settings that will be used to print the file. A different
file must be created for each separate drawing.
1. Click the File menu in the Print
dialog box and choose Save
Print Definition File

Save Print Definition File

2. The Save Print Definition File dialog box will open.

Save the file with the same filename as your drawing.


The file extension will be .pset.

Note:
You may wish to create a sub-folder for the Print Definition files within
your drawing folder.
3. Click Save to save the file.
4. To retrieve the file for later use, click on the File menu and select Open
Print Definition File This will open the file and update the saved
settings in the Print dialog box.

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Project #4 Adjuster Plate


Filename: Initial Project #4.dgn

Description: This project will introduce the student to the use of the arc
tool, angular dimensioning, and constructing fillets.

Procedure:
The procedure for Project #4 uses similar methods as were used for Project
#3. The main thing that the student will be concerned with is the use of the
tangent snap mode to create the angled lines at the upper right corner and
left sides of the view.
1. Open Project #3 and save the drawing as Project #4.
2. Delete the objects left over from Project #3. You will not need to attach
the Border and Title Block text files.
3. Edit the text in the title block and the notes in the upper left corner of
the border.
Drawing the Object
1. Draw a .49 diameter circle
and a concentric arc at .56
radius at the lower right
corner of the border.

Arc and Circle


Placed
Place Arc Settings

Place Arc Tool

2. Draw a R3.36 arc using the


Place Arc tool. The arc is
concentric to the .49
diameter circle.

Draw the arc with the


radius locked and the Start
Angle set to 0 degrees.
Use the Center, Start
method. Sweep the arc
approximately 70 degrees
in a counter-clockwise
direction. Placing the Concentric Arc

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Introduction to MicroStation

3. Next you will use the AccuDraw tool to locate the center of the other
.49 diameter circle.
4. Click on the Place Circle tool. Set the diameter to .49.
5. Press the F11 key to activate the AccuDraw Coordinate window.
6. Snap to the center of the original .49 diameter circle.
7. Press the O to set the origin at the center of the circle.
8. Use the AccuDraw
coordinate window
to place the new
circle 4.97 to the
left and .95 above
the other circle.
Placing the Second Circle

9. Place a .77 radius arc concentric


with the circle. Set the start angle at
180 degrees and sweep the arc
approximate 100 degrees counter
clockwise.

Placing the .77 Arc

10. Place a vertical and horizontal line at the bottom edge of the view.
Snap the lines at the bottom of the left arc and the left, bottom
endpoint of the right arc.

Fillet the lower left corner at a .125 radius.

Lines Places and Corner Filleted

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Introduction to MicroStation

About AccuDraw
Using AccuDraw effectively requires
much practice but can greatly speed
up your drafting. There are many
shortcuts that you can use.
To open the AccuDraw Shortcuts
dialog box, press the F11 to bring
focus to the AccuDraw Coordinate
window and press the ? key.
Some shortcuts are grayed out
because they may only be used in a
3D file.
You may want to print/copy this
page for reference as you become
familiar with the different shortcuts.

AccuDraw Shortcuts

11. Draw a line from the


center of one of the .49
diameter circle to the
other. You will use this
line to place the three
other angled lines.

Angled Line Added

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Introduction to MicroStation

12. Select the line and pick


the Rotate tool.

Rotate Tool

13. Set the Method to Active


Angle and the rotation
angle to -27 degrees. The
angle will automatically
change to 333 degrees.

Check the Copies


checkbox to copy the
Rotate Tool Settings
original line.
14. Snap a point at the left
endpoint of the line.

Line Rotated and Copied

15. Repeat the process for


the other two lines.

Note:
You do not need to end
the command after each
line.

Remaining Lines Rotated and Copied

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Introduction to MicroStation

16. Use the Copy Parallel tool to


create two additional arcs .22
from the 3.36 arc.

Note:
The name of the tool in the Tool
Settings dialog will change
depending on whether the Make
Copy check box is checked. Move/Copy Parallel Tool
Settings

Arcs Added

17. Draw the two arcs for the ends of the slot. You do not need to set the
radius or angle of the arc. Instead you will use the Intersection snap
mode to locate the center and endpoints of the arc.

Note:
To lock the snap mode, double-click on the icon in the snaps button
bar.

Then Snap at the Then Snap at the


Snap at Center First Endpoint Second Endpoint

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Introduction to MicroStation

18. Repeat the process for the


other end of the slot and trim
the corners to complete.

Slot Created

19. Add the next arc .53 up from


the 3.36 radius arc and a .53
radius arc at the center of the
top intersection.

Arcs Added

20. Draw a tangent line from


the .53 arc down and to
the left.

The angle of the line will


be at 243 degrees and
the snap mode will be set
to tangent. The length is
not important.

Angled Line Added

21. Draw another tangent


line from the .56 arc on
the right.

This time, the angle of


the line will be at 167
degrees. Use the tangent
snap mode when placing
the line.
Line Added

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Introduction to MicroStation

22. Fillet the corner of the


lines at a radius of .38
and trim the corners.

Fillet Added and Lines Trimmed

23. Fillet the two arcs on


the left with a 1.19
radius arc.

R1.19 Fillet Arc Added

24. Use Copy Parallel to copy the line between the two circles .31 above
and below the line.
25. Snap a line from the right endpoints
of the angled lines.

Line Added

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Introduction to MicroStation

26. Use the Move Parallel tool to create a copy at 1.51 from the center of
the circle and then 2.60 from the line.

Lines Copied

27. To finish up the object lines, fillet the corners of the left side at .125
radius and add a tangent arc at the right. Delete the construction lines.

Slot Added and Construction Lines Deleted

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Introduction to MicroStation

Dimensioning the View


1. The first thing to dimension will be the center marks. Click on the Radial
Dimensions tool and select the Center Mark mode.
2. Place the center marks at
the center of the two .49
circles. Set the marks to
the Dimensions level.

Center Marks Placed

3. To place the next center mark you


will need to rotate the view.

This is done because the program


does not allow center marks to be Rotate View Tool
rotated like other elements.
4. Use the 2 Points method to rotate the view.

2 Points Method

5. Click the midpoint of the left


side of then the center of the
right side of the slot.

Snap Points to Rotate the View

6. The view is rotated.

Add the center mark at the right


side of the slot.

Center Mark Added

7. Return the view to its unrotated state.

Choose the Unrotated method

Unrotated Method

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Introduction to MicroStation

8. Add the
centerlines to
the view.

Centerlines Added

9. Add the linear


dimensions to the
view.

Begin with the


horizontal and vertical
dimension.

Dimensions Added

10. Add the dimensions for


the slot.

The Alignment will be


set to True and the
Location will be set to
Manual.

This will allow you to


move the text after Linear Dimension Settings
placing the dimension.
11. When placing the
dimensions snap to the
edges of the slot. Then
move the ends of the
dimensions to the
correct locations.

Angled Dimensions Placed

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Introduction to MicroStation

12. Place the angled


dimension for the width of
the slot.

Snap at the midpoint of


the arc and move the
dimension slightly to
locate the dimension.
Drag the text away from
the slot.

Slot Dimension Placed

13. Place the radial


dimensions.

After placing the


dimensions, edit
the text for the
values.

Radial Dimensions Placed

14. Place the angular


dimensions.

Use the Angle Between


Lines tool.

Click on the two lines to


place the dimension.

Dimension Angular and


Angle Between Lines Tools

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Introduction to MicroStation

15. When placing the 13 and


27 degree dimensions,
you will need to add
additional lines since the
center mark lines cannot
be used as the picked
lines.

Angular Dimensions Added

16. Add small center


marks for the 1.19
and .38 radius arcs.

Set the center


mark size to .0625
without the
negative sign.

Small Center Marks Added

17. The dimensions are completed. Save the drawing and print if desired.

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Introduction to MicroStation

Project #5 Saw Handle


Filename: Initial Project #5.dgn

Description: This is the first project where you will use the B-Size Border
for the project. Many of the commands that you have learned
up to this point will continue to be used and their use
reinforced.

Procedure:
1. Open Project #4 and save the drawing as Project #5.
2. Attach the Border and Title Block Text files. This time you will use the
B-size Border file. This file is located in the same folder as the A-Size
Border.

Use the Merge into Master command to permanently locate the title
block text file. Use the Title Block Text (B-Size).dgn file.
3. Edit the text in the title block and the note in the upper left corner of
the border.
Drawing the Object
1. Begin by locating the slot on the right side of the front view. Use the
Place Arc tool to place a R4.19 arc. Use 0 degrees for the start angle
and lock the sweep of the arc at 38 degrees.
2. Use the Move Parallel tool to copy the arc .59
inches in each direction.

Arcs Placed

3. Place two arcs to create the ends of the slot.


Use the snap tool as in the previous project.

Slot Completed

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Introduction to MicroStation

4. Add a R5.47 arc concentric with the


other arcs.

R5.47 Arc Added

5. Draw the upper and


lower edges of the view.

The lower line will be


1.51 from the center of
the arcs and the upper
line will be 5.35 from
the lower line.

Use the AccuDraw tool


by setting the origin at Origin Set
the center of the arcs.
Then draw the line to
the right.
6. Use the Move Parallel
command to copy the line
to the top.

Lines Added

7. Trim and Fillet the corners.


Use .25 for the fillet radius.

Lines Trimmed and Filleted

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Introduction to MicroStation

8. Draw a line from the center of the arcs at 107 degrees. (This
measurement came from subtracting 73 degrees from 180.)
9. Create three parallel lines at
.75, 1.47, and 2.24.

Lines Copied

10. Change the far right line that was copied to the Hidden Line level.
Change the third line and the 4.19 arc to the Center Line level.
11. Copy Parallel the bottom line
.59 up and 4.22 up.

Lines Copied

12. Use the Fillet and Trim tools


to trim and extend the lines.

Lines Filleted and Trimmed

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Introduction to MicroStation

13. Next you will add the 108 and 30


degree lines.

Locate the 108 degree line by


placing a parallel line .94 from the
left edge of the object.

Locate the 30 degree line 3.08 from


the center of the arcs.

Angled Lines Added

14. Fillet and trim the angled lines to the


corners of the object. Delete the
construction lines.

Trim and extend the hidden line to


the top and bottom intersections of
the view.

Angled Lines and Hidden Lines


Filleted and Trimmed

15. Add the first .50 diameter circle.


Locate it by drawing an intersecting
line 1.22 to the right of the center of
the arcs.

.50 Diameter Circle Added

16. Copy the circle up and down the line


by using the AccuDraw tool. To
change the coordinate input to
distance and angle, activate the
coordinate window and press the
spacebar. Use these coordinates to
place the upper circle.

Polar Coordinates
Second Circle Added

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Introduction to MicroStation

17. Add the second circle using


the same method. This time
the angle will be set to -73
degrees.

Delete the construction line.

Note:
You will also need to extend
the centerline so that the
endpoints appear as in the
example.

View Completed

18. Extend the edges of the view


to the left side of the drawing
to begin the left side view.
Lock the line angle at 180
degrees to aid in doing this.

Use the tangent snap mode


for the top and bottom edges
of the radial features.

Lines Projected

19. Change the appropriate lines


to the Hidden Lines level.

Lines Changed to the


Hidden Lines Level

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Introduction to MicroStation

20. Draw a vertical line in the left side view and use the Move/Copy Parallel
tool to add the other lines.
21. Trims the lines for the two middle vertical lines.
22. Use the Construct Circular Fillet tool for the fillets. Set the Truncate
setting to first and pick the horizontal lines first when creating the
fillets. The slot will also have .25 radius corners.
23. Trim the hidden lines to the edges of the view. Try using the Trim
Multiple tool and the Trim option to speed up the trimming.

Step #20 Step #21 Step #22 Step #23

Multiple Trim Tool and Trim Option

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Introduction to MicroStation

24. Both views are


completed.

Both Views Completed

Dimensioning the Views


1. Use the same techniques and tools as in the previous project to
dimension the views. There will not be a step by step procedure but
some steps will be given.
2. When locating the
center marks it will
be helpful to rotate
the view.
Rotate View Tool

3. Click the Rotate


View tool and select
the 2 Points method

2 Points Method

4. Snap to the top and


then bottom of the
centerline for the
holes.

The view will rotate


so the centerline is View Rotated
horizontal.

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Introduction to MicroStation

5. Delete the centerline


and then add the
center marks for the
three circles.

You may need to


add short lines Centerline Deleted and Center Marks Added
between the marks
to connect them.
6. Rotate the view using the Unrotated
method to return the views to their
normal orientation.

View Rotation Returned to


Normal

7. When dimensioning the corners of the rounded and filleted corners you
will need to add additional lines to locate the position of the corners.

Fillet #1 Fillet #2

8. Complete the dimensions for the views.


9. Save the drawing and print if desired.

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Introduction to MicroStation

Project #6 Hole Bracket


Filename: Initial Project #6.dgn

Description: This project will introduce the student to the creating section
views. In this case the type of section will be a broken-out
section. The use of symbols used for machining operations will
also be covered.

Procedure:
1. Open Project #5 and save the drawing as Project #6.
2. Delete the objects left over from Project #5. You will not need to attach
the Border and Title Block text files.
3. Edit the text in the title block and the note in the upper left corner of
the border.
Drawing the Object
1. Begin by laying out the front
view.

You will not be able to


project the hidden lines until
completed the objects lines
of the other views.

Do not include the broken-


out section view at this time.

Completed Object Lines for Front View

2. Complete the top view object


lines.

Use the AccuDraw tool to


place the two circles for the
counterbored hole.

Completed Object Lines for Top View

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Introduction to MicroStation

3. Complete the right side object


view lines.

Completed Object Lines for


Right Side View

4. Project the lines from the edge


of the counterbored hole in the
top view down to the front
view.

Use the Move/Copy Parallel


tool to create the horizontal
line for the depth of the
counterbore. The distance is
.285.

Lines Projected

5. Trim the lines to create the


shape of the hole.

Lines Trimmed

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Introduction to MicroStation

6. To create the section view,


begin by adding the break
line to the left of the
counterbored hole.

Using the Place Line tool,


draw short connected
segments starting at the top
edge to the bottom edge. It
helps to turn off the
AccuDraw tool. This way the
lines will not be forced to be
horizontal or vertical.
Break Line Added

7. Trims the ends of the break


line to the edge of the object
surfaces.

Break Line Trimmed

8. Create a new level called Section Lines.

The attributes will be Color: 3, Style: 0 , and Weight: 0.

Section Lines Level Added

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Introduction to MicroStation

9. Click on the Hatch Area tool in


the Drawing task.

Hatch Area Tool

10. Click on the Flood option. This


will allow you to flood the area
with the hatch pattern.

Set the spacing to .125 inches


and the angle to 45 degrees.
The tolerance setting is needed
if there are small gaps in the
boundary of the pattern.

Leave the Associative Pattern Flood Option


checkbox unchecked. This is
used if the pattern will need to
be stretched later. It will also
add a complex shape around
the edge of the boundary.
11. Click inside the first area. The
boundary will light magenta.
Click a second time to create
the patterned area.

Repeat the process for the


second area.

Areas Patterned

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Introduction to MicroStation

12. Add the hidden lines by extended the edges of the features from the
other views.

You may use the miter line technique to project the edges from the
right side view to the top view.

Lines Projected

13. Trim the hidden lines to the correct locations.

Hidden Line Trimmed

14. Add the linear dimensions as shown in the example.


15. Add the centerlines and the center marks.
16. Add the angular dimension in the front view.

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Introduction to MicroStation

17. When adding the radial


dimension for the
counterbore callout use
the following lowercase
letters for the symbols
when editing the text.

n = Diameter Symbol
u = Counterbore Symbol
w = Depth Symbol

Counterbore Callout

18. Save the drawing and print if desired.

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Introduction to MicroStation

Project #7 Gasket
Filename: Initial Project #7.dgn

Description: This project will introduce the student to the use of the Mirror
and Array tools. The setup for this project will be the same as
the previous project.

Procedure:
1. Open Project #6 and save the drawing as Project #7.
2. Delete the objects left over from Project #6. You will not need to attach
the Border and Title Block text files.
3. Edit the text in the title block and the note in the upper left corner of
the border.
Drawing the Object
1. Begin by laying out
the top portion of
the exterior shape of
the view.

Also include the .602


diameter hole on the
upper left side of the
view. Completed Top Half of the View

2. Next you will mirror


the top half to the
bottom of the view.

Select the elements


in the top half of the
view with the
exception of the two
bottom vertical lines.

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Introduction to MicroStation

3. Click on the Mirror


tool in the
Manipulate toolbox.

Set the Mirror About


setting to Horizontal
and check the Make
Copy checkbox.

Mirror Tool and Tool Settings

4. Click at the
midpoint of the left
or right vertical
line.

You will see a


mirror image of
the selected
objects appear on
the opposite side
of the view.

Click to accept the Elements Mirrored


mirrored elements.
5. Next you will
create a polar
array of the eight
holes surrounding
the larger, 3.19
diameter hole.

Place the larger


hole 3.97 from the
midpoint of the far
left vertical line.

3.19 Diameter Hole Placed

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Introduction to MicroStation

6. Place one .355


hole 1.94 from the
center of the
larger hole.

.355 Hole Placed

7. Select the small hole and


click on the Array tool in
the Manipulate toolbox.

Array Tool and Tool Settings

8. The first point will be the


Reference Point, click at
the center of the smaller
circle.

As you drag the mouse


down you will see a
preview of the locations
for the copies indicated
by an array of points.

You will also see the first


copy which indicates the
direction of the copy.

Preview of the Array

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Introduction to MicroStation

9. Snap at the center of the


larger circle to locate the
center of the array and
to accept the copies.

Elements Arrayed

10. This completes the


object lines for the
view.

Object Lines Completed

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Introduction to MicroStation

Dimensioning the View


1. Use the dimension tools to
dimension the view.

You will use the same tools as


used in previous projects.

Use the symmetry symbol to


indicate that features are located
at the same relative location on
opposite sides of the view.
Symmetry Symbol
The lines are drawn .25 long and
.0625 apart from each other.
2. To place the centerline arc, use the settings as shown.

This will place an arc with the centerline dash in the center of the circle.

Note:
You will also need to add a vertical centerline through the smaller
circle. You also need to shift the dash of use the
Center Short linestyle.

Settings for
Centerline Arc First Arc Placed

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Introduction to MicroStation

3. After placing the first


arc array the arc eight
times around the
larger circle.

Centerlines Arrayed

4. Complete the remaining dimensions for the view.


5. Save the drawing and print if desired.

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Introduction to MicroStation

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Introduction to MicroStation

Project #8 Spline Shaft


Filename: Initial Project #8.dgn

Description: This project will be the first project to be drawn at a scale


other than full size. In this case the scale will be 2:1 or double
the size. Because of this the student will need to adjust some
settings for the project.

The object being drawn is of the end of a spline. This type of


part is used fit within a mating part. The splines are used to
keep the shaft from spinning when the parts are rotated.

Procedure:
1. Open Project #7 and save the drawing as Project #8.
2. Delete the objects left over from Project #7. You will not need to attach
the Border and Title Block text files.
3. Since the drawing is to be at 2:1 scale, the title block, text, and the
dimension styles will need to be modified.

Make the following changes to the file settings:


The Title Block and text file will need to be scaled to 1:2 or half size.
The Dimension Text size will need to be to half size or .0625.
The center mark size will need to be changed to -.0313 or half of .0625.
4. Edit the text in the title block and the note in the upper left corner of the
border.
Drawing the Object
1. Begin by laying out the right side view of the project. You will use the
Array tool to array the splines.
2. Draw the top spline. The sides of the feature are parallel. Refer to the
Detail view for the sizes.

Draw an arc at a radius of .735. The sweep angle is 20 degrees and the
start angle is 80 degrees.

Draw another arc at a radius of .655. This will be the base of the spline.
Make sure the arc is concentric to the first arc.

Use the Copy Parallel command to create the arc for the chamfer. Set
the distance to .0313.

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Introduction to MicroStation

First Arc Second Arc Third Arc

3. Draw two parallel lines


.0810 from the center of
the spline. The total
width will be .162.

Trim the top corners and


the second arc from the
top.

Top Spline Completed

4. Draw a line from the center of the arcs


up and to the left at an angle of 120
degrees.

Use the Copy Parallel tool to copy the


line .0810 to the right of the 120 degree
line.

This line will be used to locate the next


spline edge.

120 Degree Line Added and


Copied

5. Trim the lower arc as shown.

Delete the two angled lines.

Arc Trimmed

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Introduction to MicroStation

6. Click on the Array tool and


construct a polar array of the
spline and gap.

The number of items is 12 and


the delta angle is 30.

Array Created

7. Draw a .500 diameter circle on the


Hidden Lines level.

Draw another concentric circle at .4375


diameter on the Object Line level.

Both circles are concentric with the


spline arcs.

Note:
These two circles represent the
threaded hole at the end of the part.
Circles Added and
Front View Completed

8. Project the lines from the front view to the left view.

Refer to the example for the corners that will be projected. The
projection lines are shown thin for clarity.

The chamfered corner at the upper right corner of the left side view is
drawn at .0313 in size.

Splines Projected

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Introduction to MicroStation

9. Next you will create the threaded hole.

Project the lines from the circles on the front view. The point at the left
end of the hole is at a 118 degree included angle. Draw the top line at
59 degrees from horizontal.

Mirror the lines where possible.

Threaded Hole

10. Create the broken out section next.

As in the previous project, draw lines at random for the edge of the
section.

Trim and extend the lines to the edge of the boundary.

Edge of Broken Out Section

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Introduction to MicroStation

11. Click on the Hatch Area tool.

Use the Flood option and set the spacing of the lines at .0625.

Before flooding the area, turn off the Hidden Lines level to hatch to the
edge of the object lines.

Turn on the Hidden Lines level when finished.

Area Hatched

12. Next you will create the smaller section area at the top of the view.

Use the Copy Parallel tool to create a new line .0804 from the top edge
of the object.

Copy another line 1.500 from the right side of the view. This will locate
the bottom of the circle.

Position of Circle and End of Spline

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Introduction to MicroStation

13. Add the broken out section lines and


trim the lines as shown.

Section Boundary Added and


Lines Trimmed

14. Add the section lines.

Section Lines Added

15. Trim the ends of the


splines as shown.

The open ends


correspond with the
tops of the splines in
the front view.

Left Ends of Splines Trimmed

16. Create the left end of the view. Chamfer the corners at .0313.

Since the part has a break, it will not be drawn at the full length. The
length that was used for the example is approximately 3.25 inches.

You will create the splines for the round break at the left side of the left
view.

Draw a vertical line at the midpoint between the left end of the part and
the beginning of the splines.

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Introduction to MicroStation

Line Added
(Thin Line is to Locate the Line at Midpoint)

17. Copy the line .200 each way and


shorten as shown.

Dimensions are for reference only.

Lines Added

18. Click on the Spline tool in the


Drawing task.

This tool is used to create a Non-


uniform rational basis spline
(NURBS) curve.

The lines you have added will be


used for the location of the control
points for the curve. Spline Tool

19. Snap to the top of the middle line,


the midpoint of the right line,
midpoint of the middle line,
midpoint of the left line, and the
bottom of the middle line.

There are a total of five points that


you will have snapped to.

After snapping at the last point


right-click the mouse to end the
curve. Curve Added

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Introduction to MicroStation

20. Mirror the curve vertically at the


middle of the curve.

Curve Mirrored

21. Trim the curve as shown and


delete the construction lines.

Curve Trimmed and


Lines Deleted

22. Move the curves .150 to the right


and then copy .300 back to the
left.

Rotate the left curve 180 degrees.

Curves Moved, Copied,


and Rotated

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Introduction to MicroStation

23. Trim the top and bottom lines


between the breaks and hatch the
areas as shown.

Lines Trimmed and


Areas Hatched

24. The left view is finished.

Completed Left View

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Introduction to MicroStation

Creating the Detail View and Dimensioning the Views


1. To create the detail view you will need to use the fence tool to copy the
area to be enlarged.

Use the Circle fence type and the Clip mode. Draw a fence around the
top spline as shown.

Fence Settings

Circular Fence Placed

2. Use the Copy tool to copy the elements. The lines will be clipped at the
edge of the fence.

Copy Element Settings


Elements Copied

3. Without deleting the fence, use the Scale


tool to increase the size of the copied
elements by a factor of 2.000.

Scale Settings

4. Position the detail view as shown in the example.

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Introduction to MicroStation

5. Before dimensioning
the views, create the
following styles as
shown in the example.

The size of the text


will change to .0625
and the center mark
size will change to -
.0313.

Dimension Styles Created

6. Dimension the detail view as


shown in the example. A new
dimension style will need to be
created.

Name the style: Detail 1-1 3PLC


(Inside Arrows).

The settings will be the same as


the other styles except that the
Scale Settings will be changed to New Dimension Style Created
.5000. This setting is under the
Units tab.

Dimension Scale Settings

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Introduction to MicroStation

7. Complete the dimensioning for the views as shown.

Dimensioned Views
Note:
The reason for the 1.791 and 1.310 dimensions being in parentheses is
that they are reference dimensions. This type of dimension is to show size
but is not to be toleranced when the part is manufactured and inspected.
8. Save the drawing and print if desired.

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Introduction to MicroStation

Project #9 Angle Bracket


Filename: Initial Project #9.dgn

Description: This project will be the first to have the student draw an
auxiliary view. The object will also be drawn using metric units
with millimeters as the base unit. This will also require the
creation of a new set of dimension styles.

This part is to be created using the process of casting which


involves poured molten metal into a mold. Some of the
surfaces are then machined. This drawing uses a special
symbol to indicate which surfaced are to be machined.

Procedure:
1. Open Project #8 and save the drawing as Project #9.
2. Use the
following
units when
settings up
the drawing.

Note:
You will not
need to
change the
Resolution. Metric Working Units
The title block
and text will
automatically
change to
metric sizes.
3. Delete the objects left over from Project #8. You will not need to attach
the Border and Title Block text files.
4. Edit the text in the title block and the note in the upper left corner of
the border.
Drawing the Object
1. Begin by laying out the object lines of the front view of the project.
2. When drawing the
line for the angled
surface, use 115
degrees. The length
of the line will be
31.9 (19.5 + 12.4).

Angled Line Drawn

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Introduction to MicroStation

3. To draw the perpendicular line.


Begin the line at the top of the
angled line. Set the angle to
205 degrees.

After drawing the line extend it


to the top horizontal line. Object Lines Completed

4. Layout construction line for the


auxiliary view as shown.

Construction Lines for Auxiliary View

5. Draw the Circle and the Arc as


shown. Trim and remove the
construction lines.

Circle and Arc Added

6. Add a break line below the


circle. Make sure that it is
above the bottom corner of the
surface.

Break Line Added

7. Project the hidden lines


and centerline from the
auxiliary view back to
the front view.

Lock the lines at 205


degrees and use the
tangent snap mode for
the top and bottom of
the circle. Lines Projected

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Introduction to MicroStation

8. Trim the lines on the


front view.

Lines Trimmed

9. Project the corners and


intersections from the
front view to the top
view.

Lines Projected

10. Trim the lines to the


corners and
intersections.

Lines Trimmed

11. Use the Copy Parallel tool to locate to


top, middle, bottom of the rounded
surface.

Use the Ellipse tool to draw the


elliptical shape as shown.

Ellipse Tool

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Introduction to MicroStation

12. Drawn the horizontal lines as shown.

Snap the ellipse first at the center then at the major axis and lastly at
the minor axis.

Ellipse Snap Points

Horizontal Lines Added

13. Add the elliptical arc using the Place Half Ellipse tool.

Place Half Ellipse Tool

Ellipse Points

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Introduction to MicroStation

14. Trim and delete


the
construction
lines. Change
the appropriate
lines to the
Hidden Lines
and Center
Lines levels.

Lines Trimmed and Changed


to the Correct Level

15. Next you will create


the hidden line
ellipse.

Project the lines as


shown and snap the
ellipse edges at the
intersections of the
hidden lines.

Lines Projected and Ellipse Created

16. Create the half


ellipse that shows
the intersection of
the rounded surface
to the top surface
of the base of the
part.

Project the
intersections as
shown.

Elliptical Arc Created from Intersections

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Introduction to MicroStation

17. Trim and


delete the
lines to
complete the
ellipse and arc.

Arc and Ellipse Completed

18. Add the


rounds and
holes as
shown.

The center
mark will be
added later.

Rounds and Holes Created

19. Use the miter line


technique to locate
the edges for the
right view.

Create the break line


at the edges of the
projected lines.

Do not project the


two holes on the left
side of the top view.
Lines Projected and Break Line Added
Also project down
the edge of the
surface at the
bottom right of the
top view to the front
view.

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Introduction to MicroStation

20. Trim the lines and


change the
appropriate lines
to the Hidden
Lines and Center
Lines levels.

This will complete


Lines Trimmed and Changed
the right view. to the Appropriate Levels

21. Add the 2 Millimeter Radius Fillets and Rounds.

Some of the surfaces are to be machined for the final version. In the
next step you will create the symbol that is used to indicate these
surfaces.

Edges to be Filleted and Rounded with a 2mm Radius

22. The bottom and the left two surfaces


are to be machined. You will create a
symbol to mark the surfaces. Use the
following graphic to create the
symbol. Dimensions are for reference
only.

The lines are placed on the


Dimensions level.

Finish Mark
(Machined Surface Symbol)

23. Place the symbol as shown in the example. Later you will add the
leaders to point at the surface. One of the symbols will be placed at the
end of an extension line.

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Introduction to MicroStation

Dimensioning the Views


1. Create the following dimension styles.

The text will already be changed to 3.175 high and wide.

This was due to the change in the units of the drawing.

You will need to change the Accuracy setting for the styles to reflect
the number of decimal places required.

Metric Dimension Styles

2. Begin the dimensioning by


creating the center mark in
the auxiliary view.

Rotate the view using the Rotate View Tool


Rotate View tool.

Use the 2 Points method.


Snap to the center of the
circle first then to the right
edge of the arc.

Add the hidden lines. The


lines will be added by Auxiliary View Rotated,
Center Mark and Hidden Lines Added
locking the line at 270
degrees and the tangent
snap mode selected.

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Introduction to MicroStation

3. Click on the Rotate


View again and
select the
Unrotated method
to return the view
to normal.

View Unrotated

4. Copy the center mark from one of the holes in the top view to place on
the ellipse.
5. Dimension the remaining features as shown. Use the Place Note tool to
add the leader lines to the finish marks.

Views Dimensioned

6. Save the drawing and print if desired.

Page 126
Introduction to MicroStation

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Introduction to MicroStation

Project #10 Cover Plate


Filename: Initial Project #10.dgn

Description: This will introduce the student to the rectangular arrays and
ordinate (arrowless) dimensioning. You will also create a table
to document the sizes of features.

Procedure:
1. Open Project #9 and save the drawing as Project #10.
2. Since the previous project uses metric units there is no need to change
the working units.
3. Delete the objects left over from Project #9. You will not need to attach
the Border and Title Block text files.
4. Edit the text in the title block and the note in the upper left corner of
the border.
Drawing the Object
1. Begin by laying out the outside shape of the front view of the project.
2. Use the AccuDraw coordinate tool to draw the outline. The width is
124.9mm and the height is 145.0mm.
3. There are many ways to locate the circles. In this case you will use an
Auxiliary Coordinate System (ACS) to move the origin to the lower left
corner of the rectangular shape.

Click on the Auxiliary Coordinate tool in the Primary Tools toolbox.

The Auxiliary Coordinates dialog box opens.

Auxiliary Coordinates Tool

Auxiliary Coordinates Dialog Box

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Introduction to MicroStation

4. In the dialog box click on the


Define ACS (By Points) tool.

Define ACS (By Points) Tool

5. The ACS Icon will


be attached to the
cursor. Snap the
icon at the lower
left corner of the
rectangular shape.
Then snap the
cursor at the lower
right corner to set
the direction of the ACS Icon Snapped to Corner
X axis.

Note:
Your coordinates
will be different.

Coordinates Updated

6. Open the Coordinate Key-In


window.

Set the mode to ACS (ax=).


This works the same as the
absolute key-in method used ACS(ax=) Method
back in the first project.

To open the window, bring


focus to the AccuDraw
coordinate window by pressing
the F11 key and then press the
M key to open the window.

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Introduction to MicroStation

7. Click on the Place Circle tool


and set the diameter to 16.60.
You will place the lower left
circle first.

Type in the location as 23.6, Coordinates Entered


24.8. This will place the first
circle.

Circle Placed

8. Place the remaining circles using the


same method.

Remaining Circles Placed

9. Use the same method to place


the rectangle.

Use the Place Block tool to add


the shape.

The first coordinate will be the Rectangle Placed


lower left corner and the second
coordinate will be the upper right
corner.

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Introduction to MicroStation

10. Next you will place the first hole


for the rectangular array. Place
the hole for the lower left corner
of the array.

The location for the hole is 14.83


to the right and 76.06 up from
the lower left corner of the part.

Lower Left Circle Placed

11. Click on the Array tool. Use the


following settings for the array.

Rectangular Array Settings

12. Click on the circle. You


will see points and the
first copy appear to
preview the location of
the copies.

Click again to place


the copies.

Copies Previewed Circle Arrayed

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13. This completes the


object lines for the
project.

Object Lines Completed

Adding the Center Marks and Dimensioning the Views


1. Continue to
use the
dimension
styles that
were created
for the last
project.

Metric Dimension Styles

2. Use the Center mark tool to place the marks for the holes.

Use the Array tool again for the center marks in the hole pattern. You will
also need to add lines to connect the marks.

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Center Mark Settings

Center Marks Placed

3. Add the letters for the holes A, B,


and C. The size of the text will be
3.175.

Text Placed for Holes

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4. Create the table for the hole chart.

Refer to the diagram for the text sizes and hole locations.

Hole Chart Dimensions

5. To create the ordinate dimensions, begin by clicking on the Dimensions


Ordinates tool.

Dimension Ordinates Tool

6. Snap to the lower corner of the view for


the ordinate origin.

Snap to the lower right corner for the


ordinate direction. Click again to place the
dimension text.

Origin of Ordinate
Dimensions

7. Snap on the features to place their dimensions.

After snapping on the far right corner, right-click the mouse to end the
command.

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Ordinate Dimensions Placed

8. Begin the command again and place the


remaining horizontal dimensions. Set
the location to manual to move the text
after placing the text.

Remaining Horizontal
Dimensions Placed

9. Repeat the process for the vertical


dimensions.

Vertical Dimensions Placed

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10. Place the one remaining vertical


dimension.

Set the text location to manual to adjust


the location of the text.

Remaining Vertical
Dimension Placed

11. Add the remaining linear and radial dimensions.

Remaining Dimensions Placed

12. Save the drawing and print if desired.

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Project #11a Weld Symbols


Filename: Initial Project #11a.dgn

Description: The project will introduce the student to the process of


creating cells. Cells are the MicroStation version of symbols.
For this project a Cell Library will be created containing
various weld symbols. These cells will be used for the next
project that shows parts welded together into an assembly
called a weldment.

Procedure:
1. Open Project #7 and save the drawing as Project #11.
2. Edit the text in the title block as shown. Some of the boxes will not be
used, draw a diagonal line through these.

Title Block Text for Weld Symbols

Drawing the Cells


1. Before you can create the cells, you will need to create the elements.
Begin with the Fillet Weld symbol.
2. The symbols dont
have exact sizes but
they should be
consistent in size.

Use the guide to


draw the elements
for the Fillet Weld
symbol.

The text will serve as Fillet Weld Symbol Dimensions


placeholders. They
may be changed
depending on the size
of the weld.

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3. Draw the field weld


flag and the all-
around symbol.

When drawing the


filled in shape, draw
the lines then use the
Create Complex
Shape tool to create a
shape.
Field Weld Flag and All-Around Symbols
Hatch the area with
the lines spaced at
.001 inches. The will
make the shape
appear with a solid
fill.
4. Draw the Notes
symbol.

This will go on the


end of the weld
symbol.

Notes Symbol

5. Draw the remaining symbols.

To make the process efficient, copy the previous symbol and modify
the elements.
6. When
locating the
symbols for
the chart,
space the
symbols .62
inches from
one
another.
Weld Symbol Spacing

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7. Draw the text and the lines for the chart. The height of the chart is
7.75 inches.

Chart Text and Border Dimensions

Creating the Cells


Now that you have completed the drawings of the weld symbols, you will
create groups of elements known as cells. This will involve creating a cell
library to contain the cells.
1. In the Element menu click
on the Cells tool.

Cells Tool

2. The Cell Library


dialog box
opens.

This dialog box


will be used
when creating
the cells.

Cell Library Dialog Box

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3. Before cells can be added a


cell library will need to be
created.

Click on the File menu, New


command within the Cell
Library dialog box.

File, New Command

4. The Create Cell Library


dialog box opens. Name the
library Weld Symbols.

Locate the file in the same


folder as your drawing. Weld Symbols File Created

5. You will now see


the name of the
cell library in the
title bar of the
dialog box.

Cell Name in Title Bar

6. The process to create cells is to select the elements for the cell and
define the origin.

You will begin by creating cells for the following:

Name Cell Name Description


Reference Line 1 Reference Reference Line
Field Weld Flag 2 Field Field Weld Flag
Leader Line (Single) 3 Leader 1 Leader Line w/Arrow
Leader Line (Hooked) 4 Leader 2 Leader Line Hooked
Tail with Note 5 Tail w-Note Tail Symbol with Note
All Around Symbol 6 All Around All Around Symbol

7. Select the line below the Fillet


Weld symbol.

This will become the


Reference Line cell.

Click the Define Cell Origin


tool in the Cells toolbox.
Define Cell Origin Tool

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8. Once the origin is placed the


Create button will light.

Click the button to create the


cell.
Cell Origin Placed and Line Selected

9. The Create Cell dialog box


opens.

Type in the Name and the


Description of the cell.

Note:
Only the name of the cell is Create Cell Dialog Box
required, the description is
optional. The reason for the
1 in front of the name is to
order the cells in the Cell
Library dialog box.
10. Click the Create button.

The cell will appear in the Cell Library dialog box. A thumbnail of the
cell will appear in the display box to the left.

Reference Cell Added to Library

11. Repeat the process for


the other five cells.

The origin for the other


cells will be in the same
location as the
Reference Line cell. Cells Created

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12. Create the remaining


cells.

Pick the weld symbol


and text for the cells.

The cell origin will be


the same as the other
cells.

Remaining Cells Created

Using the Cells


Now that the cells are created, practice using the cell.
1. Click on the Place Active Cell
tool.

Place Active Cell Tool

2. The Place Active Cell dialog box


will open.

Place Active Cell Dialog Box

3. If the Cell Library dialog box is closed,


you may re-open it by click the
Browse Cells icon (magnifying glass)
located next to the Active Cell
window.

Select the cell and click the Placement


button at the bottom of the dialog Placement Button
box.

The cell will be attached to the cursor.


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Introduction to MicroStation

4. Place the Reference Line cell


first, then the Fillet weld symbol,
then Field, All Around, Leader
Line, and Tail w-Note.

5. To modify the text, double-click it. The text editor box opens and the
text may be modified.
6. To place the weld symbol on the
other side of the reference line,
use the mirror tool.

The text will not mirror as long as Mirrored Symbol and Text
the Mirror Text checkbox is
unchecked.

Note:
To use the weld cells efficiently,
use the cell tool to place the initial
cell and then copy the cell to the
required locations.

Mirror Text Checkbox

7. To modify the location of the


leader line, use the Drop Element
tool in the Main task. Drop Element Tool in the Main
Task Toolbox
Click on the handles to move the
end of the leader.

Note:
You may also choose to skip
making a cell of the leader line and
use the Place Note tool instead.
Leader Handles

8. Save the drawing and print if desired.

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Project #11b Weldment


Filename: Initial Project #11b.dgn

Description: Now that the weld symbols have been created, the student
will now apply them to a drawing. This project is a collection
of parts called a weldment. The drawing will not only show
the sizes of the parts but will also show the welding
processes that will join them together.

Procedure:
1. Open Project #7 and save the drawing as Project #12.
2. This project will be plotted at 1:2 scale. Set the scale of the B-Size
Border file a 2:1 scale. You will need to scale the title block text
elements as well. You may also delete the text and attach the title
block text file at 2:1 scale.
3. Edit the text in the title block and the note in the upper left corner of
the border.
Drawing the Object
This is the object you will draw. A three-dimensional drawing is shown to
aid in visualizing the weldment. In Part Two of the book you will create
your own 3D version.

Three Dimensional View of Weldment

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1. Since this drawing will be printed at half scale, you will need to change
the following settings you will also create a new level:

a. Set the Grid Master setting to 0.5000 and the Grid Reference to 4.
b. Set the Scale factor setting for the linestyles to 2.000.
c. Create a new Level called Phantom Lines. The linestyle will be set
to Phantom.
d. Create new dimension styles from the original styles. Set the text
sizes to .2500. Name the styles: Mech 1-2 (Inside Arrows) and
Mech 1-2 (Outside Arrows).
2. Begin with the object lines
for the top view.

When adding the phantom


lines for the existing part.
Extend the lines 2.56 from
the right edge of the part.

To place the phantom line


dashes correctly, you will
need to use shift the
dashes. This procedure
was discussed in Project
#3.
Top View

3. Add the object


lines for the front
view.

The chamfer for


the top of the
.500 stud is
.0625, The depth
of the thread is
.50.
Front View
To create the
break line for the
existing part, use
the dimensions
given. The
locations of the
break lines may
be approximated.
Break Line Dimensions

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4. Add the objects lines


for the right side
view.

Right Side View

5. Draw the detail view of


Part A and place above
the right side view.

Detail View of Part A

6. Add in the hidden lines. The hidden lines for the studs are drawn at the
depth of the chamfer.

Hidden Lines Added

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7. Add the centerlines and


center marks. The size of
the center mark for the
1.25 diameter will be -
.125. Use solid lines for
the center marks for the
studs.

Center Marks for Top View

Centerlines for Front and Top Views

8. When dimensioning the views add the linear dimensions first, then the
radial dimensions, and then the text notes.
9. The last dimension elements you will place will be the weld symbols.
Hook the leader lines so that they are pointing at the weld.

If you have welding experience, it may help to think of the arrow as the
electrode of the welder.
10. The stud weld symbol indicates the size of the weld (.06 inches) and
the number of studs to be welded (3).

The fillet weld symbol indicates the size of the weld (.12). If the symbol
is below the reference line then the weld is on the same side as the
arrow. If is above the reference line then the weld is on the opposite
side.
11. In the notes the American Welding Society (AWS) standard for welding
symbols is referenced.
12. Save the drawing and print if desired.

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Part Two

Initial Projects
3D Version

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Introduction to MicroStation

Initial Projects 3D Version


Congratulations on completing the first 12 projects!

Introduction
Now that you have completed these projects, you will now be instructed in
the process of completing three-dimensional (3D) versions of the same
projects. Once you are experienced with the software you would typically
complete the 3D model of the project first and then use the software to
automatically create 2D views of the software. This procedure will be covered
later in this section. You will use the information created in the 2D files when
creating some of the 3D features.

When creating a 3D solid of an object there are two basic methods; the
Extrusion Method and the Primitive Method. The Extrusion Method is used
where the part has shape with a uniform thickness. The Primitive Method is
used when the object is comprised of primitive solids. The MicroStation
program has tools to create these primitives. They are: cylinders, slabs,
wedges, spheres, cones, tori, and wedges.

Both of these methods will be covered as part of the tutorials to create the
3D versions of the projects.

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Project #1 3D
Name: Absolute Coordinate Exercise
Filename: Initial Project #1 (3D).dgn

Description: This is the first 3d project. You will use the elements created
as part of the 2D version. After completing the project you
will check the volume of the project to verify that you
created the solid accurately. Refer to the Project Volumes for
Initial 3D Projects page at the beginning of the book for
these volume measurements.

Procedure:
1. Begin a new project by clicking on the New tool in the Standard tool.
Since this is the first 3D project you will need to create a file from the
seed files that come with the program.

Click on the Browse button at the bottom right corner of the New dialog
box.

Select the seed3d.dgn file as the seed file.

seed3D.dgn Seed File

2. Type in the filename Initial Project #1 (3D).dgn as the filename.

Save these drawings in a new folder from the one you used for the 2D
versions of the projects.

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3. The file is created.

Double-click on the filename to open it.

New File Created

4. The file opens. The interface will be the same with some exceptions.

You will see additional tools under the Drawing task. The main one you
will be using is the Feature Modeling task.

Another difference is that there are four views instead of the two views
that appeared in the seed2D.dgn file. These views shown different
standard views of the object.

3D File Interface

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Note:
If you cannot see the Feature
Modeling task and the other 3D
tools, you will need to change to
the main task in the task area.

Click on the arrow next to the


Arrow Next to Drawing Task
drawing task and then click on the
main task at the top of the flyout
window.

You should now see the task


change from Drawing to Tasks
and all tools should now be
visible.

Main Task

Preparing the File and Copying the Objects from the 2D File
1. Open the 2D version of Project #1.

Select the object lines of the view.


Do this by selecting the view and
using the filter to isolate the object
lines.

Click the arrow on the lower left


corner of the dialog box to expose
the filtering portion of the Element
Selection dialog box.

Filtering out the Object Line Level

2. Copy the elements to the clipboard.


3. Open the 3D file.

You may also switch to


the previous file by
pressing the Back button
to switch to the previous Go to Previous Model Button
model.

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4. Before pasting the objects from the 2D file, change the Working Units
to match the 2D file.

Change the Master Unit and Resolution settings.

Working Units Settings for 3D File

5. Paste the objects into View 3 Front, Default.

After pasting, use the Fit View tool to fit the objects into all four views.

Objects Fit into the Views

6. Before you can create a 3D solid of


the shape, you must first convert
the lines to a complex shape.

Click on the Create Complex Shape Create Complex Shape Tool


tool to begin the process.

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7. Check the settings in the Tool


Setting dialog box.

To create the shape, click on one of


the lines of the exterior shape in the
front view. Click again to accept the
shape. Click a third time to end the
command and create the shape.
Tool Settings
The message in the prompt area at Create Complex Shape Tool
the bottom left of the screen will say
Shape Closed.

The shape will change to a thin


black (or white) line. This is because Shape Closed Message
the shape was moved to the current
level (Default).

Change the shape back to the


Object Lines level.
8. Since you used the Place Block,
Place Circle, and Place Regular
Polygon tools for the other three
shapes, you do not need to use the
Create Complex Shape tool to
convert them.

The Three Other Shapes

9. Open the View Attributes dialog box


by clicking on the tool at the upper
left corner of the view window.

View Attributes Dialog Tool

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10. Turn off the ACS icon that may


appear in the view windows.
Do this by untoggling the ACS
Triad toggle in the View
Attributes dialog box.

View Attributes Dialog Box

11. Click on the Apply to open views tool


to apply the changes to the other
three views.

Apply to Open Views Tool

12. Click and expand the Feature


Modeling task by clicking on the title
bar.

Feature Modeling Task

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13. The Feature Modeling Task


expands.

You will be using this task to


create and modify the solids.

You may open the individual


toolboxes by right-clicking on the
area of the task and selecting
Open Toolbox Name as Toolbox.

The name of the toolbox will


change depending on which area
you right-click on.

Feature Modeling Task Expanded

Setting Up the Display Style


1. Before extruding the shape you will first change the display settings for
View 2 to smooth shading.

This way you will be able to see whether or not the shape has been
created. You will also be able to see a more realistic view of the object
after it has been created.
2. Click on the View
Attributes tool in View #2.
Then click on the
magnifying glass next to
the display setting window.

Open Display Styles Dialog Box

3. The Display Styles dialog box opens. You will modify the Smooth
Display type.

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Display Styles Dialog Box

4. Change the style to Smooth.

Copy the style and rename it


Smooth 1. This way you may
go back to the original default
style.

Smooth Display Types

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5. Set the display style to match the settings.

The setting you will change will be in the Edge Settings area.

Change the Visible edges to Solid Linestyle and a Weight of 1.

Change the Hidden Edges to Linestyle 2 and a Weight of 1.

Visible Edges Settings

Hidden Edges Settings

6. Close the Display Styles


dialog box.

Set the display style to


Smooth for
View 2 only.

Smooth Display Style Set

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Creating the Solid


1. Find the Extrude Feature tool in the
Feature Modeling task.

The individual tools are separated


by their type. The Extrude Feature
tool is in the Profile Feature Solids
task.

Extrude Features Tool

2. Click on the tool and then click on


the profile in the front view.

Set the Distance to 1.25 inches.

Distance Set

3. The shape will turn magenta and the shape will extrude.

Use the AccuDraw tool to make sure that the shape extrudes up along
the green axis.

Shape Extruded

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4. The solid will appear as a


shaded extruded shape.

Next you will extrude the


shapes to create the holes.

Extruded Shape

5. Select the three internal


shapes.

Click on the Extrude Feature


tool and extrude in the same
direction and distance as the
outside shape.

Smaller Shapes Extruded

6. Now you will create holes where


the three shapes intersect with
the larger solid.

Select the Difference Feature


tool.

Difference Feature Tool

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7. Click on the solid that you wish


to remove material from. Then
select the three solids.

Since you extruded all three


solids at the same time, the
three voids are created at the
same time.

Click once more away from the


solid to accept the modified
solid.

Material Removed

8. Click on the Measure Volume tool.

Click on the solid to check the volume.

The volume should be 77.0905 Cubic Measure Volume Tool


Inches.

Volume for Project #1

9. The solid is finished. Later you will learn the method to convert the 3D
solid to a set of orthographic views.

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Project #2 3D
Name: Relative Coordinate Exercise
Filename: Initial Project #2 (3D).dgn

Description: The procedure for this project is very similar to Project #1.
The extrusion method will be used to create the solid.

Procedure:
1. Begin by using the 3D version of Project #1 as the template file.

Open Initial Project #1 (3D).dgn.

Save the file as:


Initial Project #2 (3D).dgn

Note:
If you have just completed Initial Project #1 (3D), save the file before
saving it as Initial Project #2 (3D)

Open Initial Project #1 (3D).dgn

2. Delete the Project #1 solid from the file.


3. Open the 2D version of Project #2.
4. Select the object lines for the project and copy them to the clipboard.
5. Open Project #2 (3D).dgn

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6. Fit the objects in all four views.

Objects Fitted into Views

7. Convert the shape into a


complex shape.

You will see View 2


Isometric view change to a
shaded shape.

This is a good way to


visually verify that the
lines are converted to a
complex shape. Shaded View of Project #2

8. Use the Extrude Feature


tool to extrude the shape
.75 inches.

Shape Extruded and Solid Completed

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9. Click on the Measure Volume tool.

Click on the solid to check the


volume.

The volume should be 44.885


Cubic Inches.
Volume for Project #2

10. The solid is finished.

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Project #3 3D
Name: Bracket
Filename: Initial Project #3 (3D).dgn

Description: For this project you will use the extrusion method for the
individual parts of the solid. Then you will join them together
into one. After that, you will use the Features toolbox to add
the holes to the solid.

Procedure:
1. Begin by using the 3D version of Project #2 as the template file.

Open Project #2 (3D).dgn.

Save the file as: Project #3 (3D).dgn


2. Copy the elements from the front view of the 2D version of Project #3
to the 3D version.
3. Paste the
elements
into the front
view.

Elements Pasted

4. Use the elements from


the 2D version to
create the complex
shapes.

Copy the shape and


convert in to a complex
shape.

Shape Created

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5. Extrude the shape 1.79


inches.

To extrude the shape in the


isometric view, use the
AccuDraw to align the
extrusion perpendicular to the
face of the shape.

Use the T AccuDraw shortcut


to align the compass to the
top view.
Extrusion Completed

Click to accept the extrusion.


6. Copy the elements and create the
next shape.

Use the elements from the front


view.

Note:
You will need to rotate the view to
match the example. You may also
need to change the lighting. Use
the Adjust View Brightness tool to
turn on the Default Lighting
checkbox.

Next Shape Created

Default Lighting Checkbox

7. Extrude the shape .50 inches


and move it to the corner of
the first extrusion.

Shape Created and Moved

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8. Move the smaller shape .65


inches into the part. Use the
Top AccuDraw shortcut to move
the shape along the correct
axis.

Solid Moved

9. After moving the shape. You


will use the Union Feature tool
to union the solids together.

Click on the tool then click on


each of the solids.

You will notice that the solid


has changed slightly at the
intersection of the solids.

Union Feature Tool

Before Unioning After Unioning

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10. Next you will add the three holes to the solid.

Click on the Hole Feature tool in the Features toolbox.

Hole Features Settings


Hole Feature Tool

11. Click on the solid to begin the process of


adding the first hole.

The solid will change to a magenta color.

Snap a point at the lower left corner. Use


the O AccuDraw shortcut to set the origin
at the corner.

Change the AccuDraw compass to the front


view by using the F shortcut.

Add the hole .25 to the right and 1.07 up


from the lower left corner. Type the
coordinate into the AccuDraw coordinate
window. Use the Tab key to switch from the
X to the Y axis.

Hole Location Set

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12. Click to mouse to accept the hole.

Hole Placed

13. Add the two .40 holes using the


same method.

Use the lower right corner as the


origin for the two holes.

The holes will be placed 1.05 to the


left and .32 and 1.47 up from the
corner.

Solid Selected and Origin Set

14. You will need to reset the origin after


placing the first hole.

After placing the second hole, click to


accept.

First Hole Placed and


Second Hole Located

15. Click on the Measure Volume tool.

Click on the solid to check the


volume.

The volume should be 4.2275 Cubic


Inches.
Volume for Project #3

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16. The solid is finished.

Delete the 2D elements that


were copied over at the
beginning of the tutorial.

The next section of this


project procedure covers
creating a 3D PDF file of the
solid.

Completed Solid

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Creating a 3D PDF File of the Project


1. To create a 3D PDF file you will follow a procedure similar to create a
2D PDF.

Click on the Print tool in the Standard toolbox. Set the Bentley print
driver to the pdf.pltcfg driver.

Set the following settings:


a. Set the view to View 2
b. Check the Print to 3D checkbox.
c. Set the Scale to .5000

Note:
If you wish for the file to be saved with a black background, set the
background color to black in the Workspace menu, View Options dialog
box.

Plot Settings

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2. Open the PDF file.

The file will appear as a shaded 3D view.

3D PDF File

3. Use the tools above the object to modify the view.

3D PDF Tools (Adobe Reader)

Note:
These tools will allow you to create section views, rotate the object, set
the background color, and view the object as a perspective view.

These tools are useful when sending your project to someone without the
MicroStation program. This way they will be able to view the object in 3D.

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Using a 3D Solid to Create


Orthographic Views
Description: Now that you have finished the first three 3D versions of the
Initial Projects, You may wish to try the procedure to convert
the 3D solid to a set of 2D orthographic views. The procedure
will use Project #3 as the example.

Procedure:
1. Open the Project #3 (3D) file.
2. Click on the Models tool in the Primary Tools toolbox.

Models Tool

3. The Models dialog box open.

The default model view is listed. The Models dialog is used to create
additional views of the object. You may create additional Model or Sheet
views of the file.

Models Dialog Box

4. Click on the Create a new model tool in


the Model dialog box.

Create a New Model Tool

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5. The Create Model dialog box


opens.

Make the following changes


to the settings box:

a. Set the Type to Sheet


b. Name the Sheet View,
Orthographic
c. Uncheck the Display Sheet
Boundary checkbox

Create Model Settings

6. Click the OK button to create


the Sheet View.

You will see the additional view


appear in the Models dialog
box.

To switch between the Sheet


view and the Model view, click
on the View Group window at New View Group
the bottom left of the screen.

View Group Window

7. Close View Windows 2, 3, and 4 by


untoggling the view window toggles at
the bottom left of the screen.

View Window Toggles

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8. Reference the A-Size border and Title Block text files as you did in the
2D file.
9. Attach the Initial Project #3 (3D).dgn file to the file. (This is the same
file that is already open.)

When attaching the file, click the + sign next to Standard Views.

Select the Front view.

Reference Attachment Settings

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10. Position the view as shown.

Click the location when finished.

A Wireframe version of the view will appear.

Outline of Front View

11. To place the top and side views, use the Copy/Fold Reference tool.

Copy/Fold Reference Tool

12. To place the view, click a point


above the view.

To change the view from top to


side view, change the Method from
About Horizontal Line to About
Vertical Line.
Copy Reference By Folding Dialog
Box

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13. The views are placed.

Top and Side Views Placed

14. Add an Isometric View in the upper right corner of the border.

You will need to insert the reference file again and choose Right
Isometric as the standard view.

Scale the view to .75 of size.

Right Isometric View

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15. The additional views are listed in the References dialog box.

You may change the Logical name of the views by clicking and pausing
on the name of the view.

Logical Name Changed

Views Listed in the References Dialog Box

16. Next you will convert the views to show the hidden lines.

You will create a display style that shows the hidden edges as hidden
lines.
17. In the model view, click on
the Change View Display
Style tool in the view tools.

Change View Display Style Tool

18. Click on the magnifying


glass next to the display
style pulldown.

Change View Display Style Dialog Box

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19. The Display Styles Dialog opens.

Select the Hidden Line display style.

Copy the style by clicking on the Copy tool.

Name the new Style: Hidden Line -1.

Match the style settings to the example.

Visible Edges Settings

Hidden Edges Setting

20. Close the dialog box.

Set the views to the new display


style.
New Display Style

21. The views will now appear with the hidden edges as dashed lines.

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Model Views with Hidden Lines

22. Return to the sheet view.

Change the Presentation Style to Hidden Line 1 for the three views.

Presentation Style Changed

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23. The views will now appear as hidden line views.

Views Shows with Hidden Lines

Note:
This method will allow you to change the model and have the 2D views
update automatically. At this point you may dimension the views as you did
in the 2D version of the file.

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Project #4 3D
Name: Adjuster Plate
Filename: Initial Project #4 (3D).dgn

Description: For this project you will use the extrusion method. Instead of
projecting each shape individually, you will extrude all
shapes together.

Procedure:
1. Begin by using the 3D version of Project #3 as the template file.

Open Project #3 (3D).dgn. Save the file as: Project #4 (3D).dgn

Return the display settings to Wireframe for Views 1, 3, and 4 also,


change View 2 to the Smooth 1 display style.
2. Copy the elements from the view of the 2D version of Project #4 to the
3D version.
3. Paste the
elements into the
front view.

Elements Pasted

4. Convert the exterior shape


and the two slots into
complex shapes.

Shapes Created

5. Select all of the shapes.

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6. Click on the Extrude Feature


tool and extrude the shapes
.125 inches.

The slots and holes will


automatically become voids.

Shapes Extruded

7. Click on the Measure Volume tool.

Click on the solid to check the


volume.

The volume should be 1.7729 Cubic


Inches.
Volume for Project #4

8. The solid is finished.

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Project #5 3D
Name: Saw Handle
Filename: Initial Project #5 (3D).dgn

Description: For this project you will use the extrusion method. You will
also use the tools in the Features toolbox to add the fillets,
rounds, and holes.

Procedure:
1. Begin by using the 3D version of Project #4 as the template file.

Open Project #4 (3D).dgn.

Save the file as: Project #5 (3D).dgn


2. Copy the elements from the view of the 2D version of Project #4 to the
3D version.
3. Paste the
elements
into the
front view.

Elements Pasted

4. Before creating the complex


shapes remove the .25 rounds
and fillets.

Also change the hidden line to


the Object Lines level.

Fillets and Rounds Removed


and Line Changed

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5. Convert the exterior shape and the slot


into complex shapes.

Shapes Created

6. Select the exterior and slot shapes.


7. Click on the Extrude Feature tool and
extrude the two shapes .75 inches.

The slot will automatically become a


void.

Shapes Extruded

8. Create a shape from the angled line for


the depth of the cut.

Draw the shape in the front view so it


will be aligned with the view and the
part.

Shape Created

9. Move the shape in the top view. The


shape will be located .35 into the
object.

Shape Moved

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10. Use the Extrude Feature tool to


extrude the shape .06 into the
part. This will leave .34 to the
back of the part.

Shape Extruded

11. Use the Difference Feature tool


to create the cut.

Cut Created

12. Use the Hole Feature tool to create the holes.

Use the circles that were from the 2D file to locate the circles.

Set the hole diameter to .50 and the Drill setting to Through.

Click on the solid and then snap to the centers of the circles for the
hole locations.

Delete the original circles to expose the holes.

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Hole Settings

Holes Created

13. Next you will


round and fillet
the corners of
the solid.

Click on the
Blend Feature
tool. Blend Feature Settings

Set the radius


to .2500.

Blend Feature Tool

14. Click on the solid.

Click on each of the lines that make up the corners along the edge of
the solid. You will need to hold the CTRL key to click multiple corners.

The solid will appear magenta. As you hover over the corners they will
appear light blue and then yellow as they are selected.

You will pick a total of 12 corners. The corners where the cut splits
through will need to be picked on either side.

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Corners Picked

15. Click to accept the


fillets and rounds.

Fillets and Rounds Added

16. Round the outside corners


and the inside edge of the
slot on both sides.

You will pick a total of


four corners.

The round will track


around the edge
automatically.

Remaining Corners Rounded

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17. The remaining fillets are


created.

Rounds Completed

18. Click on the Measure Volume tool.

Click on the solid to check the


volume.

The volume should be 12.163 Cubic


Inches.
Volume for Project #5

19. The solid is finished.

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Project #6 3D
Name: Hole Bracket
Filename: Initial Project #6 (3D).dgn

Description: For this project you will use the extrusion method. You will
also use the tools in the Features toolbox to add the fillets,
rounds, and holes.

Procedure:
1. Begin by using the 3D version of Project #5 as the template file.

Open Project #5 (3D).dgn.

Save the file as: Project #6 (3D).dgn


2. This time you will draw the
elements from the
measurements in the 2D
drawing.

Dimensions are given as


reference, do not add them to
your drawing.

Initial Shape

3. Create a complex shape from the


lines.

Extrude the shape 2.32 inches.

Shape Extruded

4. Draw the shape for the cut.

Use the dimensions shown in the


example.

Shape for Cut

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5. Convert the lines to a complex


shape and move the shape to the
corner of the extrusion.

Shape Moved

6. Click on the Cut Feature tool.

Set up the tool to create a cut into the solid a distance of 1.53.

Cut Feature Settings

Cut Feature Tool

7. Click on the solid and then the shape.

Move the mouse so that the arrow goes into the solid.

Click to accept the cut.

Cut Direction Selected Cut Created

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8. Use the Hole Feature tool to create the three holes at the top of the
part.

Use the upper left corner of the right view for the origin.

Use the S shortcut to rotate the AccuDraw compass to the side


orientation.
9. The X coordinate from the origin will be .47 and -.47 for the Y
coordinate.

After placing the first hole, move the cursor .70 to the right for the
second hole.

Second Hole Placed


First Hole Placed

10. Place the third hole .70 from


the second hole.

Right-click the mouse to


complete the command.

Holes Placed

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11. Use the Place Hole to place the


counterbored hole.

Use the settings to setup the hole.

Counterbore Hole Settings

12. Use the lower right corner of the solid


in the top view as the origin.

Use the T shortcut to orient the


AccuDraw compass to the top view.

The coordinates will be -.62 for the X


and .76 for the Y axes.

Counterbore Hole Placed

13. Use the Blend Feature tool


to round the corner on the
upper right corner.

The radius will be .50


inches.

Round Created

14. Use the Chamfer Feature tool to create the chamfer.

Use the settings to set up the chamfer size.

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Chamfer Feature Settings

Chamfer Feature Tool

15. Click on the lower left corner to


pick the corner to be chamfered.

Chamfer Created

16. Click on the Measure Volume


tool.

Click on the solid to check the


volume.

The volume should be 13.2862


Cubic Inches. Volume for Project #6

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17. The solid is finished.

Completed Solid

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Project #7 3D
Name: Gasket
Filename: Initial Project #7 (3D).dgn

Description: This project will use the extrusion method. Only the outside
shape will be extruded. The holes will be placed using the
Hole Feature tool. A new command, Array Feature tool will
also be covered.

Procedure:
1. Begin by using the 3D version of Project #6 as the template file.

Open Project #6 (3D).dgn.f2

Save the file as: Project #7 (3D).dgn


2. Open the 2D version of Project #7.

Copy the outline only.

You will be using the Hole Feature tool to place the holes.

Exterior Shape Pasted

3. Convert the lines to a complex


shape.

Extrude the shape .063 inches.

Shape Extruded

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4. Click on the Hole Feature tool.

Set the hole size to 3.19 diameter .


5. Pick the point shown as the
origin.

Place the circle 3.97 on the X


axis and .61 on the Y axis.

Hole Origin

6. With ending the command,


change the hole size to .355
diameter.

Place the hole 1.94 up from the


center of the large hole.

.355 Diameter Located

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7. Click to place the hole and then right-click to end the command.

Click on the Array Feature tool to place the other seven .355 holes.

Set up the settings for the Array as shown.

Array Settings

Array Feature Tool

8. Click on the center of the top hole


and drag the cursor down to the
center of the larger hole.

You will see a preview of the


location of the holes.

Hole Locations Previewed

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9. Click to accept the hole


array.

Holes are Arrayed

10. Next you will place the upper .602


diameter hole.

Set the origin to the center of the large


hole.

Place the hole 2.60 along the X axis and


1.545 on the Y axis. (The 1.545 dimension
came from 4.83/2 - .87)

.602 Hole Located

11. Click to accept the hole location.

Use the Mirror Feature tool to mirror the hole to the bottom corner of
the part.

Mirror Settings

Mirror Feature Tool

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12. Click on the top hole.

Drag the cursor down and snap at the


midpoint of the vertical line.

Click to accept the mirrored hole.

Mirrored Hole Location

13. Click on the Measure Volume tool.

Click on the solid to check the volume.

The volume should be 1.3609 Cubic


Inches.

Volume for Project #7

14. The solid is finished.

Completed Solid

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Project #8 3D
Name: Spline Shaft
Filename: Initial Project #8 (3D).dgn

Description: This project will use the primitive method. A cylinder will be
created and then a cut will be created to remove the material
for the splines. The Array Feature tool will also be used to
complete the model.

Procedure:
1. Begin by using the 3D version of Project #7 as the template file.

Open Project #7 (3D).dgn.

Save the file as: Project #8 (3D).dgn


2. Begin by adding a cylinder to the project.

Use the Place Cylinder tool. Use the settings as shown.

Cylinder Settings

Place Cylinder Tool

3. Click a point in the front view


and drag to the right so that the
cylinder is aligned with the
views.

Cylinder Created

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4. Use Chamfer Feature to create a


.031 chamfer at both ends of the
cylinder.

Chamfer Created

5. Create a shape for the space in


between the splines. This shape will
be used for the cut.

Use the Right View when drawing the


shape.

The dimensions are for reference only.

Cut Shape

6. Convert the lines to a complex shape and


copy it so that it is concentric with the
right side of the cylinder.

Shape Copied

7. Use the Create Cut tool to create a cut


into the cylinder.

The distance is 1.500.

Cut Created

8. Use the Array Feature tool to create 12 cuts.

The delta angle will be 30 degrees.

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Array Settings
Cut Arrayed

9. Next you will create a solid from the original cut shape.

This will be used to create a rounded end to the cut.

Shape Setup Completed Shape

10. Create a complex shape and rotate it 15 degrees.

Complex Shape
Rotated

11. Use the Revolve Feature tool to create a cylindrical solid from the
shape.

Revolve Feature Settings

Revolve Feature Tool

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Introduction to MicroStation

12. Click on the tool then click on the shape.

Snap at the upper corner of the shape.

Click again to accept the revolution.

Snap Point for Revolution


Shaded View of Revolved Shape

13. Rotate the cylinder -15 degrees so


that it is facing to the right.

Move the cylinder by snapping at the


midpoint of the bottom of the solid.

Snap to the midpoint of the gap


between the splines.

Revolved Shape Rotated and


Moved

14. In the right view move the solid


1.500 to the left.

Solid Moved 1.500 to the Left

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15. Use the Difference


Feature tool to
create the curved
end of the original
cut.

Material with be
removed where the Material Removed
two solids intersect. Intersecting Solids

16. Use the Array Feature to array


the new cut 12 times around
the edge of the part.

Use the same settings as the


other cut.

Point to Select the Cut Feature

17. Snap at the center of the end of the


part.

You will see a preview of the arrayed


feature.

Arrayed Feature Preview

18. The cut is arrayed.

Arrayed Cuts

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Introduction to MicroStation

19. The last feature to be added will be the


threaded hole at the end of the part.

Use the settings to setup the hole.

Threaded Hole Settings

20. Click on the Measure Volume tool.

Click on the solid to check the volume.

The volume should be 9.7144 Cubic


Inches.

Volume for Project #8

21. The solid is finished.

Completed Solid

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Introduction to MicroStation

Project #9 3D
Name: Angle Bracket
Filename: Initial Project #9 (3D).dgn

Description: This project will use the extrusion method. A shape will be
drawn and then extruded. An additional solid will be created
and unioned with the other solid. The Features task will be
used to add the holes, rounds, and fillets. This will be the
first project to have an auxiliary surface.

Procedure:
1. Begin by using the 3D version of Project #8 as the template file.

Open Project #8 (3D).dgn.

Save the file as: Project #9 (3D).dgn


2. Since this is a metric drawing, change the working units from inches to
millimeters.
3. Begin by drawing the shape in the
top view.

You may also copy the elements


from the 2D version of the file.

Shape Dimensions

4. Convert the lines to a complex


shape.

Extrude the shape 13.2


millimeters.

Shape Extruded

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5. In the right view, create the shape for the


rounded surface.

Rounded Shape
Dimensions

6. Convert the lines and arc to a


complex shape.

Move the shape to a point 24.2


millimeters from the upper right
corner of the base.

Shape Located

7. In the front view, rotate the shape


25 degrees to the left.

Shape Rotated

8. Use the Extrude Feature tool to


extrude the shape. To extrude at a
25 degree angle.

Use the Polar AccuDraw display. The


coordinate display can be change by
pressing the Spacebar while the Polar Coordinate Display
AccuDraw display is active.

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Introduction to MicroStation

9. As the shape is
extruded, press the
Tab key to highlight
the angle display.

Type 25 to lock the


extrusion at 25
degrees.

Shape Extruded

10. Split the extrusion at the top


of the base surface.

Use the Cut Feature tool to


do this.

Draw a rectangular shape at


the top of the base
extrusion.

Rectangular Shape Added

11. After clicking on the tool, click on the


solid and then the rectangular shape.

Click away from the solid to accept the


cut.

Cut Feature Settings

12. The rectangular shape will


disappear and the solid will be
split where the shape
intersected the solid.

Delete the bottom half of the


extrusion.

Solid Split and Bottom Half Deleted

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Introduction to MicroStation

13. Union the two solids together.


14. Use the Hole Feature tool to add
the hole through the part.

The diameter is 12.08


millimeters.

Hole Added

15. Round the two corners on the left


side at a radius of 10 millimeters.

Corners Rounded

16. Add the two holes concentric to


the rounds. The hole diameters
are 8.88 millimeters.

Holes Added

17. Round the two corners as shown.

The radius is 2 millimeters.

Corners Rounded

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18. Round the top corner of the


outside edge. Do not round
the right edge of the part.

Outside Edge Rounded

19. Fillet the inside corner where


the rounded portion of the
part intersects with the base.

Inside Corner Filleted

20. Click on the Measure Volume tool.

Click on the solid to check the


volume.

The volume should be 92204.0503


Cubic Millimeters.
Volume for Project #9

21. The solid is finished.

Completed Solid

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Introduction to MicroStation

Project #10 3D
Name: Cover Plate
Filename: Initial Project #10 (3D).dgn

Description: The procedure will show the method for creating the project
without using the 2D file information. This will give the
student practice using the AccuDraw coordinate key-in to
add the holes. This will also give added functionality to the
part by allowing the features to be modified after placement.

Procedure:
1. Begin by using the 3D version of Project #9 as the template file.

Open Project #9 (3D).dgn.

Save the file as: Project #10 (3D).dgn


2. Continue to use the working units for a metric drawing.
3. Begin by drawing the solid for the outside of
the part in the front view.

Use the Slab Feature tool to place the solid.

Slab Dimensions

4. When placing the slab orient it so that the


length is horizontal in the front view, the
width is vertical in the top view, and the
height is vertical in the front view.

Isometric View of Slab

5. Add the holes in the isometric view.

When selecting the solid, snap to the origin


of the dimensions at the lower left corner.

Set the direction of the AccuDraw compass


to a front orientation.

The first hole diameter is 16.60, the X axis


First Hole Placed
location is 23.6, and the Y axis is 24.8.

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Introduction to MicroStation

6. Continue with the other three holes. You


will need to reset the origin at the lower
left corner of the part.

Holes Placed

7. Use the Place Block tool to locate the


shape of the rectangle.

The lower left corner of the shape will be


at 86.4, 12.0 and the upper right corner
will be at 101.5, 36.5.

Upper Right Corner of


Shape Placed

8. Use the Cut Feature tool to cut the solid


at the shape location.

Cut Created

9. Place the lower left circle of the array.

The hole diameter is 7.6. The location of


the hole is at 14.83, 76.06.

Hole Located

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Introduction to MicroStation

10. After placing the


hole, use the Array
Feature tool to
array the holes.

This completes the


solid.

Array Settings Array Placed

11. Click on the Measure Volume tool.

Click on the solid to check the volume.

The volume should be 25199.278


Cubic Millimeters.

Volume for Project #10

12. The solid is finished.

Completed Solid

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Introduction to MicroStation

Project #11b 3D
Name: Weldment
Filename: Initial Project #11b (3D).dgn

Description: This project will show the student the method to create a
three dimensional version of the weldment completed in
Project #12. The parts will be created separately and then
assembled within the file.

Procedure:
1. Begin by using the 3D version of Project #8 as the template file.

Open Project #8 (3D).dgn.

Save the file as: Project #11b (3D).dgn


2. Delete the objects that came with the Project #8 file.

Continue to use the working units for an imperial units drawing.


3. Draw the solids in the Right Isometric
View.

Begin by creating the base slab. The


slab will be added in the top view.

The dimensions are 4.13 long, 4.67


wide, and .25 high. Slab Dimensions

4. Draw a shape for the next part using


the dimensions from the 2D version.

Shape Created

5. Extrude the shape .25 inches.

Make sure the AccuDraw compass is


aligned to Top orientation.

After extruding, move the shape to the


upper corner of the base slab.

Shape Extruded and Moved

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Introduction to MicroStation

6. Add a cylinder at a radius of .625


inches and a height of 1.25. Set the
axis to Design Z.

Cylinder Settings

7. Using the Move tool, snap to the top


center of the cylinder.

Move the cylinder to the lower left


corner of the base slab.

Cylinder Moved

8. Select the cylinder and move it once


more to the following location:

X = 1.100, Y = 1.07, and Z = 0.46

Cylinder Moved to Final


Location

9. Draw a circle at the top of the cylinder. This shape will be used to
create a cut through the base slab.
10. Click the Create Cut tool.

Select the base slab and then the


circle shape. Click to accept the cut.

You will see additional hidden lines


indicating the cut.

Cut Created

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Introduction to MicroStation

11. Click the Hole Feature tool.

Set the hole size to .75 diameter.


Place the hole at the center of the
cylinder.

Hole Created

12. Next you will add the studs.

In the front view, draw the following


shape.

The grooves represent a simplified


version of the helical thread. The
distance from one groove to the next
is .0769 inches. This come from the
thread pitch which is 1/13 inch or 13
threads per inch.

The thread is 1.00 inches long which


equals approximately 12 grooves
due to the chamfer at the beginning
of the thread.

Profile of Stud

13. When drawing the V grooves, use


the Construct Array tool. Use the
settings for the array.

Array Settings

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Introduction to MicroStation

14. Convert the lines to a complex shape.

Lines Converted to a Complex


Shape

15. Click on the Revolve Feature tool in


the Feature Modeling task.

Revolve Feature Tool

16. Set the Revolve Feature tool to the


following settings.

Revolve Features Settings

17. Pick the shape at the lower left corner.

Drag the cursor to the lower right


corner.

You will see the shape revolve to form


the cylindrical shape.

Click to accept the revolve.

Shape Revolved

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18. Snap to the bottom center of


the stud and move it to the
bottom left corner of the base
slab.

Stud Moved

19. Move the stud to the final


location.

The X axis distance will be 3.67


and the Y axis distance will be
.69.

Stud Moved to Final Location

20. Copy the stud two times. The


distance between the copies
1.25 inches.

Studs Copied

21. Draw the profile for the last part of the weldment. Refer to the
dimension of the detail view of Part A.

Draw the profile in the right view.


22. Convert to a complex shape and extrude .25
inches.

Shape Extruded

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23. Move the shape to the corner of the


intersection of the base slab and the rear
vertical slab.

When moving the extrusion, set the origin to


the rear bottom corner.

Snap the origin to the lower corner of the


solid first, drag out to the right and hit the
Enter key to lock the access.

Click the O shortcut again to move the


origin to the new location. Setting Up the Origin

24. Move the extrusion a second time.

The distance is .86 inches to the right.

Solid Moved to Final


Location

25. Add the slab for the existing part. The


dimensions are the same as the base
slab.

Position the slab under the base so that


it overlaps 1.56 inches.

Slab Positioned

26. To measure the volume,


copy the parts and then use
the Union Feature tool to
union the parts together.

Weldment Copied and Unioned

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Introduction to MicroStation

27. Click on the Measure Volume tool.

Click on the union version of the


weldment to check the volume.

The volume should be 13.5998


Cubic Inches.
Volume for Project #10

28. The solid is


finished.

Weldment Completed

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Part Three

Robotic Gripper
Project

Page 225
Introduction to MicroStation

Robotic Gripper Project


This is the Robotic Gripper project. The project consists of parts from a
Robotic end effector. Unlike the Initial Projects, these parts will be drawn
in 3D first and then the program will be used to create the parts as 2D
orthographic views within the same file. The individual parts will be
contained in separate files and then referenced into an assembly file.
Procedures will be given for the 3D and 2D drawings.

This project will utilize a special type of dimensioning called Geometrical


Dimensioning and Tolerancing (GDT). These symbols will be used to
communicate the design intent and allow the parts to fit together by
describing the relationship between features. These symbols also are
used to indicate the method of inspecting the parts after machining. The
use of these symbols does not require the knowledge of inspection
procedures and further description of the symbols will be provided in the
tutorial videos available on the book website.

Please Note: The original sketches for this project were provided by Professor
Cortland C. Doan, Department of Technology, Cal State Los Angeles.

Name: Robotic Gripper Assembly

Filenames: See chart below.

Part Name Filename


Gripper Finger (3D and 2D Drawings) Gripper-1
Slide Block (3D and 2D Drawings) Gripper-2
Pivot Block (3D and 2D Drawings) Gripper-3
Cam Follower (3D Only) Gripper-4
Shoulder Bolt (3D Only) Gripper-5
Air Cylinder (3D Only) Gripper-6
Air Cylinder (3D Only Cylinder Extended) Gripper-6a
.250-28 Nut (3D Only) Gripper-7
Assorted Parts (2D Only)
Gripper-8
Cam Follower, Shoulder Bolt, Air Cylinder
Gripper Assembly (3D and 2D Drawings)
3D Non-Exploded and 3D Exploded Assemblies
Gripper-Assm
2D Isometric Assembly with Parts List and Assembly
Instructions

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Gripper-1 Gripper Finger


Name: Gripper Finger
Filename: Gripper-1.dgn

Description: This is the first part of the Gripper Assembly. Since the part
has a uniform thickness, you will create the shape in the top
view and then extrude it to the correct thickness. The hole
will be added as a separate feature after the extrusion is
created.

Procedure:
1. Begin by using the 3D version of Initial Project #8 as the template file.

Open Initial Project #8 (3D).dgn and save the file as: Gripper-1.dgn.
2. Delete the elements from
the file. Begin by drawing
the outside shape of the part
in the top view. Use the
drawing as an example for
the sizes.

Exterior Shape Dimensions

3. Extrude the shape .375


inches.

Extruded Shape

4. Add a hole at .250 diameter


using the Place Hole tool.

Hole Placed

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5. Draw the shape for the slot


and convert to a complex
shape.

Use the Cut Feature tool to


create a cut through the
solid.

Cut Created and Part Completed

6. This completes the part. The volume should be .5649 cubic inches.
Setting up the 2D Views
1. Create a new sheet view
using the Models tool.
Name the view
Orthographic.

When creating the sheet


view use the Sheet type
and uncheck the Display
Sheet Boundary checkbox.

These settings will be used


for the other Gripper sheet
views as well.

Create Model Dialog Settings

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2. Reference the B-Size


Border, Revision Block,
Application Block, and
Title Block Text files.

You will need to click the


OK button for each file.

Note:
Your file locations may be
different.

Files Selected for Referencing

3. After referencing the files, merge the Title Block text file into the
Gripper-1 file.

Files Referenced

Title Block Information


The Border contains some additional elements that were not included in the
Initial Projects files.
The Revision Block is used to document any changes that occur to the
design. The changes are listed in the revision block. The change is located
based on the zone of the drawing, the revision letter, a short description of
the change, the date the change occurred, and the initials of the person
that approved the change.
The Application Block is used to indicate the part number of the next
assembly that the part will be used in. For this project the Part number of
the assembly is 2600. The used on area is used for assemblies that are
sub-assemblies of other assemblies. This part of the application block will
not be used for this project.

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4. Fill out the title block text for the project.

Title Block Text

5. Use the References tool to


reference the front, top, and
isometric views. Rename the
Logical names to match the views.

Views Referenced

6. After the views are referenced, set the Visible Edge settings to Legacy.

The Presentation setting may automatically change to True Hidden


Line.

This is a different setting than was used for the Initial Project 3D
settings.

Presentation and Visible Edge Settings

7. Click on the first Legacy setting.

Make the following changes as shown.

Begin by clicking on the Visible Edge Settings icon next to the Legacy
pulldown.

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Visible Edge Settings Icon

8. The Hidden Line Settings dialog box will open. Make the following
changes to the General, Hidden, and Visible tabs.

Note:
The Remove Smooth Edges setting may be turned off and on
depending on the result desired. This setting is used when displaying a
rounded corner as visible edges.

General Tab Settings

9. Make the following changes to the Hidden Edge Overrides.

Later you may wish to change the Style to the Hidden linestyle.

Hidden Edge Overrides

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10. Make the following changes to the Visible Edge Overrides.

The reason for these changes is so you can have a different color for
the solid and the 2D views.

Visible Edge Overrides

11. Your views should now look like this.

Depending on the desired results, you may wish to merge the views
into the file and change the lines individually.

You will do this for the Isometric View.

Views Changed to Hidden Line

12. Merge the Isometric view into the master file using the Merge Into
Master tool.

Change the interior edges from the Object Line level to the Inside
Edges level. You will need to create this level. The color, style, and
lineweight to 0 (zero).

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Inside Edges Level Settings

13. When changing the element attributes,


you may need to use the Change
Element Attributes tool.

Make the following changes to the


dialog box.

Change Attributes Settings

14. The isometric view should look


like this when finished with
the changes.

Isometric View

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Dimensioning the Views


1. The process to dimension
the views is similar to the
method used for the Initial
Projects.

You will need to create new


dimension styles from the
original styles.

New Dimension Styles

2. The first two styles will have the Frame


turned on.

This setting is located in the Text tab.

Text Frame Setting

3. The Mech Term Inside and Outside


styles will be the same as the Mech 1-1
style used for the Initial Projects.

The only change will be the Accuracy


setting in the Primary Units area located in
the Units tab.

Primary Units Setting

4. The Mech Tolerance Inside and Outside


styles will also be the same as the Mech 1-
1 style.

The only change will be to enable the


Tolerances in the Geometry tab. Use the
example to setup the settings.
Tolerance Settings
The reason that the Upper and Lower
settings are different from one another is
so that the values can be changed after the
dimension is placed.

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5. Place the linear dimensions first.

The dimensions that have the


framed text are referred to as
Basic Dimensions.

These dimensions are not to be


toleranced. Instead the locations
and sizes are controlled by the
symbols in the Feature Control
Frames.
Framed Dimensions

6. To add the toleranced dimensions


use the toleranced dimension
styles created earlier.

After placing the dimension,


double-click on the top +
dimension and change it to +.002.
Change the bottom value to -.001. Tolerance Dimension
You will also need to add the
diameter symbol in front of the
.250 value.
7. To add the feature
control frame, use
the Geometric
Tolerance tool in Feature Control Frame
the Dimensions
toolbox.

Geometric Tolerance Tool

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8. The Geometric Tolerance dialog box opens along with the Text Editor
box.

The font that is used for the feature control frame is Font #101. Each
symbol uses a lowercase letter.

Click in each of the boxes for the symbols. You will also need to add the
beginning, separators, and end of the frame.

In the Place Note dialog box, select the Place Callout tool. The symbol
used in the frame is called the Position symbol. The M in the circle is
the Most Material Condition symbol. The letters A, B, and C indicate the
datum surfaces that the feature is measured from.

Text Editor Box

Geometric Tolerance Dialog Place Note Dialog

9. The feature control frame is attached


to the cursor. Float the frame below
the tolerance dimension. Place the
other frames the same way.
Framed Placed

10. To place the Datum symbol. Use the


Geometric Tolerance tool and Font #101.

Datum B

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11. Add two lines and the triangle. Use the


example for sizes. The triangle will be
hatched with 45 degree angle lines
spaced at .005 inches.

Datum Feature Triangle


Size

12. Position the Datum Triangles as


shown in the drawing.

Datum Triangle Placed

13. When placing the feature control


frames that are attached to
leaders, create the frame separate
from the leader and arrowhead.

Frame with Leader Line

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14. Complete the remaining dimensions for the front and top views.

Front and Top Views Dimensioned

15. Add the note below the


Isometric View.

The words ISOMETRIC VIEW


is .1875 high and SCALE 1:1
is.125 high.

Labeled Isometric View

16. The drawing is completed. Save the drawing and print if desired.

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About 3D Isometric Views


Even though the isometric view was inserted at full scale, the view is not at
the correct size. The view is still in 3D although the views are 2D. If you
were to measure the length of the part when it is a 3D view added at full
scale, the actual length is 3.312 but the projected length is 2.7042. To
compensate for this, scale the isometric view to 1.2247 of size.
The graphic below shows a one inch cube that was converted from 3D to
2D. When the line dimensioned at 1.000 was measured after the cube was
converted it changed to .8165. After scaling the view to 1.2247 the
measurement was 1.000.

One Inch Cube Before and After Scaling

Measured Distance

3D Wireframe and
Scaled 2D Isometric View

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Gripper-2 Slide Block


Name: Slide Block
Filename: Gripper-2.dgn

Description: This is the second part of the Gripper Assembly. You will use
the extrusion method for the outside shape of the part and
then add the holes using the Hole Feature tool.

Procedure:
1. Begin by using the previous gripper drawing as the template file.

Open Gripper-1.dgn and save the file as: Gripper-2.dgn.


2. Delete the elements from
the file. Begin by drawing
the outside shape of the
part in the front view.
Use the drawing as an
example for the sizes.

Exterior Shape Dimensions

3. Extrude the shape .500 inches.

Extruded Shape

4. Add the threaded hole on the front of


the part. Use these settings for the hole
size.

Threaded Hole Size

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5. Add the two counterbored holes on the


top sides of the part. Use these settings
for the hole size.

Counterbored Hole Size

6. Create the rounded cut on the front face of the solid.

Draw a 1.500 diameter circle. Use the Edge method.

Snap on the upper right corner first and then the upper left corner.
Orient the AccuDraw compass to the top orientation.

Circle Added

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Introduction to MicroStation

7. Use the Cut


Feature tool to
create a cut
through the
part.

Cut Created

8. This completes
the solid.

The volume
should be .7092
cubic inches.

Completed Solid

Setting up the 2D Views and Dimensioning the Drawing


1. Since you used the previous gripper drawing as the template file, you
will not need to create a sheet view.
2. Detach the views that were created in the Gripper-1 drawing. Do not
delete the dimensions.

Do not detach the B-Size Border, Application Block, and Revision Block
files. Since the drawing is at 2:1 scale, you will reduce the scale of the
reference files to .5000 of size.

Scale the title block text to half size. Use the Scale tool to scale the
elements.

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3. Reference in the views as in the previous project.

The front and top views will be scaled to 1:1.

The isometric view will be scaled to 1.2247: 2.0000. The scale in the
References dialog box will automatically change to 1.000000:1.633053.

Referenced Views

4. Convert the views to hidden line style. Use the same settings as the
Gripper-1 drawing.
5. Merge the views into the master file. Update the linestyle to ( Hidden ).
You will also need to change the Scale factor of the linestyle to .5000.
6. Modify the dimension styles as
shown.

Change the text size for all of


the dimension styles from .1250
to .0625.

Modified Dimension Styles

7. Fill out the title block text for the project.

Title Block Text

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8. When creating the broken-out section in the front view, use 45 degree
angle lines at .0625 spacing.
9. Complete the remaining dimensions for the front and top views.

To add the symbols for the counterbore note use the following
lowercase letters for the symbols:

n = Diameter Symbol (n)


w = Depth Symbol (x)
v = Countersink Symbol (w)
u = Counterbore Symbol (v)

Front and Top Views Dimensioned

10. The drawing is completed. Save the drawing and print if desired.

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Gripper-3 Pivot Block


Name: Pivot Block
Filename: Gripper-3.dgn

Description: This is the third part of the Gripper Assembly. The procedure
will be similar to the previous two projects.

Procedure:
1. Begin by using the Gripper-1 drawing as the template file.

Open Gripper-1.dgn and save the file as: Gripper-3.dgn.


2. Delete the elements from the
file. Begin by drawing the
outside shape of the part in the
front view. Use the drawing as
an example for the sizes.

Exterior Shape Dimensions

3. Extrude the shape .625 inches.

Extruded Shape

4. Add the threaded hole on the front of


the part. Use these settings for the hole
size.

Threaded Hole Size

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5. Add the two counterbored holes on the top sides of the part. Use these
settings for the hole size.

Since there are two sets of holes, you will need to drill tow different
holes on each side of the part. You can also draw one set and use the
Mirror Feature tool to create the other set

Top Hole Size Bottom Hole Size

6. This completes the


solid.

The volume should


be 1.2303 cubic
inches.

Completed Solid

Setting up the 2D Views and Dimensioning the Drawing


1. As before, since you used the Gripper-1 drawing as the template file,
you will not need to create a sheet view.
2. Detach the views that were created in the Gripper-1 drawing. Do not
delete the dimensions.

Do not detach the B-Size Border, Application Block, and Revision Block
files.

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3. Reference in the
views as in the
previous project.

The front and top


views will be scaled
to 1:1.

The isometric view


will be scaled to
1.2247: 1.0000.

Referenced Views

4. Convert the views to hidden line style. Use the same settings as the
Gripper-1 drawing.
5. Merge the views into the master file. Update the linestyle to ( Hidden ).
6. Use the dimension styles
from the Gripper-1 file.

You will not need to make


any changes to the styles

Dimension Styles

7. Fill out the title block text for the project.

Title Block Text

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8. To complete the Isometric view, you will need to merge the view into
master.

To create the threads for the center hole:

Delete the outer circle and the associated hidden lines.

Before After

9. Change the inner arc to the dimension


level.

The arc may be in three segments.

Arc Attributes Changed

10. Snap a line at 150 degrees from the


endpoint of one of the arcs.

Line Snapped

11. Array the lower left arc along the line using
the Construct Array tool.

Use the following settings for the array.

Array Settings

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Introduction to MicroStation

12. Pick the lower right arc as


the element to array, then
pick the 150 degree line as
the path to array. The
copies will be previewed,
click the mouse to accept
the array.
Arrayed Previewed Arc Arrayed

13. Trim and extend the arcs as


shown.

Change the inner edges to the


Dimension level.

Change the hidden lines to the


(Hidden) level.

This completes the Isometric view.

Completed Isometric View

14. When creating the broken-out section in the front view, use 45 degree
angle lines at .125 spacing.

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15. Complete the remaining dimensions for the front and top views.

Front and Top Views Dimensioned

16. The drawing is completed. Save the drawing and print if desired.

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Gripper-4 Cam Follower


Name: Cam Follower
Filename: Gripper-4.dgn

Description: This is the forth part of the Gripper Assembly. This procedure
will only cover the 3D portion of the part. The 2D views will
be created as part of the Gripper-8 file. The dimensions of
this part came from the catalog page from the Torrington
catalog. This company is currently owned by the JTEKT
Corporation.

Procedure:
1. Begin by using the Gripper-3 drawing as the template file.

Open Gripper-3.dgn and save the file as: Gripper-4.dgn.


2. Delete the elements from the file. Begin by drawing the outside shape of
the part in the front view. Use the drawing as an example for the sizes.

The V Grooves on the right are used to simulate the exterior threads on
the part.

Exterior Shape Dimensions

3. Convert the lines to a complex shape.

Click on the Revolve Feature tool.

Set the tool to the settings as shown.

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Introduction to MicroStation

Revolve Feature Settings

Revolve Feature Tool

4. To create the revolution, snap on


the upper left corner of the profile.

Snap the second point on the


corner at the centerline of the part.

Snap Point for Revolution

5. After creating the revolution, add a


chamfered corner at the both ends
of the larger cylinder.

The size of the fillet will be a .0313


radius.

Fillets Added

6. The last feature will be the


hexagon shaped hole at the end of
the part.

The size of the hexagon will be


.125 inches across flats. The depth
of the cut is .1720 inches.

Cut Created

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Introduction to MicroStation

7. This completes the solid.

The volume should be .0769


cubic inches.

Completed Solid

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Introduction to MicroStation

Gripper-5 Shoulder Bolt


Name: Shoulder Bolt
Filename: Gripper-5.dgn

Description: This is the fifth part of the Gripper Assembly. This procedure
will only cover the 3D portion of the part. The 2D views will
be created as part of the Gripper-8 file. Shoulder bolts come
in standard sizes and are made by a wide variety of
manufacturers. The shoulder bolts for this project are
supplied by the Smith Fastener Company. The data sheet is
on the book website.

Procedure:
1. Begin by using the Gripper-4 drawing as the template file.

Open Gripper-4.dgn and save the file as: Gripper-5.dgn.


2. Delete the elements from the file. Begin by drawing the outside shape
of the part in the front view. Use the drawing as an example for the
sizes.

As with the Cam Follower, the V Grooves on the left are used to
simulate the exterior threads on the part.

Exterior Shape Dimensions

3. Convert the lines to a complex shape. Use the Revolve Feature tool to
create the solid.
4. Use the same settings for the
revolution as with the previous
part.

To create the revolution, snap


on the upper left corner of the
profile.

Snap to the second point on the


corner at the centerline of the
part. Snap Point for Revolution

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5. After creating the revolution, add a


chamfered corner at the end of the larger
cylinder.

The size of the chamfer will be .0313 x 45


degrees.

Chamfer Added

6. The last feature will be the hexagon


shaped hole at the end of the part.

The size of the hexagon will be .125


inches across flats. The depth of the cut
is .0935 inches.

Cut Created

7. This completes the


solid.

The volume should


be .0578 cubic
inches.

Completed Solid

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Gripper-6 Air Cylinder


Name: Air Cylinder
Filename: Gripper-6.dgn and Gripper-6a.dgn

Description: This is the sixth part of the Gripper Assembly. This procedure
will only cover the 3D portion of the part. The 2D views will
be created as part of the Gripper-8 file. You will create two
versions of the air cylinder, one with the piston extended and
the other with it retracted. By doing this you will be able
create two models of the assembly, one with the fingers
open and one with them closed.

The manufacturer of the air cylinder is Bimba Manufacturing.


You will use a 2D CAD drawing downloaded originally from
their website to use for the profile to be revolved. The file is
also available on the book website along with the data sheet.

Procedure:
1. Begin by using the Gripper-5 drawing as the template file.

Open Gripper-5.dgn and save the file as: Gripper-6.dgn.


2. Delete the elements from the file.

Begin by importing the 2D CAD file. The import command is in the File
menu. Select the file from the website. The filename of the file to
import is: 041-D_AUTOCAD_VERSION_14.dwg.

You will need to fit the view to see the downloaded file.

The file will come with six standard views of the air cylinder.

FFile to Import
File, Import, CAD Files
Command

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Downloaded 2D AutoCAD File of Profile


(Example is shown in monochrome and thin lines.)

3. Use the Drop Element tool to drop the


collection of views to their individual
views. Drop the front view again to its
individual elements. Delete the
remaining views. Drop Element Tool in Main
Task

4. Create a profile for revolution. Use the example to delete the


appropriate lines. You will also need to create the V-grooves to
simulate the threads.

Final Profile for Revolution

Dimensions for Threaded Portion

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Introduction to MicroStation

5. Convert the lines to a complex shape. Use the Revolve Feature tool to
create the solid.
6. Use the same
settings for the
revolution as with
the previous part.

To create the
revolution, snap on
the upper left corner
of the profile.

Snap to the second


point on the corner
at the centerline of
the part.
Snap Point for Revolution

7. Add the two holes to the solid. Use the


settings for the holes. Both holes will
be at the same size.

Hole Settings for Pipe Thread

8. The first hole will be placed in the front view. The distance will be 0.97
from the edge of the larger threaded portion.

The second hole with be placed in the isometric view. You will need to
rotate the view to expose the right end of the cylinder. The hole will be
placed at the center of the end.

First Hole Location Second Hole Location

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9. The last features will be the two


flats at the right end of the
cylinder. The horizontal distance is
.188 and the vertical distance is
.0937.

The shape will be placed at the top


corner of the cylindrical end.

Copy the shape to the lower right


corner.

Shapes Located

10. Use the Cut Feature tool to create


the two cuts.

Check the Both Directions


checkbox so that the cut will be
made out from the shape.

Cut Feature Settings Cuts Created

11. This completes the solid for


the first version of the Air
Cylinder.

The volume should be 1.8808


cubic inches.

Note:
Your volume may be slightly
different.

Completed Solid

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Creating the Extended Version of the Air Cylinder


1. Save the file.
2. Save the file again as Gripper-6a.
3. Draw a rectangular shape. Align the
shape to the front orientation using
the AccuDraw compass.

The size of the shape is not important


as long as it is larger than the smaller
diameter.

This will be used to split the solid.


Locate the edge of the shape where
the smaller and larger threaded
cylinders meet.
Shape Positioned

4. Use the Cut Feature tool to split the


solid. Set the Cut Method to Split Solid
and check the Both Directions
checkbox.

Cut Direction Preview

5. The smaller diameter is now


separate from the rest of the
solid.

Move the solid 1.000 inch to


the left.

Smaller Diameter Moved

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6. Create a cylindrical solid at the


following dimensions and axis.

Cylinder Settings

7. Place the cylinder between the


two other solids.

Cylinder Placed

8. Union the three solids together using the Union Feature tool.
9. This completes the solid
for the second version of
the Air Cylinder.

The volume should be


1.9299 cubic inches.

Note:
Your volume may be
slightly different.

Completed Solid

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Gripper-7 .250-28 Nut


Name: .250-28 Nut
Filename: Gripper-7.dgn

Description: This is the seventh part of the Gripper Assembly. This


procedure will only cover the 3D portion of the part. This part
will only be shown as a portion of the 3D and 2D assembly
files, it will not be included in the Gripper-8 file. As with the
shoulder bolt, nuts come in standard sizes and are made by a
wide variety of manufacturers. The size for the nut used in the
project comes from sources found on most supplier websites.

Procedure:
1. Begin by using the Gripper-5 drawing as the template file.

Open Gripper-5.dgn and save the file as: Gripper-7.dgn.


2. Delete the elements from the file.

Create a hexagon used the settings. The radius of the hexagon is .2190.
The method is Circumscribed. This will create the hex with the distance
across the flats.

Hex Settings Hex Size

3. Extrude the shape to .2180 inches.

Shape Extruded

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4. Create a profile for the hole. Use the


same method as you did for the end of
the air cylinder.

Use the dimensions for the size of the


profile.

Profile for the Hole

5. Revolve the profile.

Profile Revolved

6. Place the solid so that it intersects with


the hexagonal solid. The solids will be
concentric with one another.

Draw a line from one corner of the


hexagon to the opposite corner. This
will help place the revolved solid at the
midpoint of the face.

Solid Placed

7. Delete the line.

Use the Difference Feature tool to


create the hole.

Threaded Hole Created

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Introduction to MicroStation

8. The last feature will be the two


chamfered edges.

Since there is no tool to do this,


you will create an intersecting
solid and remove the material
with the Difference Feature tool.

Draw a profile with a 30 degree


angle as the cutting face.
Profile Shape

9. Place the shape at the top left


corner of the hexagon solid.

Snap at the midpoint of the


shape and then place at the
midpoint of the corner.

Shape Placed

10. Revolve the shape 360 degrees.

Set the revolve axis to


Horizontal.

Use the center of the hexagon as


the center of the revolve.

Shape Revolved

11. Mirror the revolved shape to the


other side of the hexagon solid.

Revolved Solid Mirrored

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12. Use the Difference Feature tool to


create the chamfered edges.

This completes the solid.

The volume should be .0277 cubic


inches.

Note:
Your volume may be slightly
different.

Completed Solid

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Gripper-8 Assorted Parts


Name: Assorted Parts
Filename: Gripper-8.dgn

Description: Now that you have completed the 3D solids of the remaining
parts, you will now create 2D views with dimensions of three
of the parts. These parts are purchased so the dimensions
shown will not be toleranced and are for reference only.

Procedure:
1. Begin by using the Gripper-3 drawing as the template file.

Open Gripper-3.dgn and save the file as: Gripper-8.dgn.


2. Delete the elements from the file. Unlike the first three gripper
drawings, you will reference the views from different files.

For this file you will reference views from Gripper files 4-6.
3. Open the Orthographic Views sheet view. The B-Size Border, Revision
Block, and Application Block files are already referenced.

Modify the title block text as shown.

Title Block Text

4. Reference in the Gripper-4


(Cam Follower) drawing first.
Place the front view first and
then fold the left view.

Locate the views in the upper


left region of the border. Cam Follower Views Placed

5. Reference in the Gripper-5


(Shoulder Bolt) drawing next.
Place the front view first and
then fold the right view.

Locate the views in the upper Shoulder Bolt Views Placed


right region of the border.

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6. Reference in the Gripper-6


(Air Cylinder) drawing last.
Place the front view first and
then fold the left view.
Air Cylinder Views Placed
Locate the views in the lower
middle region of the border.
7. Merge the views from all three parts into the master file.

Views Placed and Merged into the File

Dimensioning the Views


1. Begin by dimensioning the views for the Cam Follower.

Use the example for the placement of the dimensions.

Cam Follower Dimensions

2. You will also need to place a View Label.

This shows the name of the part, manufacturer and mfg. number,
drawing part number, and the number required for each assembly.

Create a text style for the name of the part. Use .1875 for the text
height and turn on the underline with the offset set to .33.

Note:
Refer to Step #20 of Project #1 for the process to set up a text style.

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View Label

3. Add the dimensions and view label for the Shoulder Bolt.

4. Add the dimensions and view label for the Air Cylinder.

5. For the Air Cylinder you will need to modify the tolerance dimension
style.

Open the Dimension Styles dialog box.

Click on the Mech 1-1 Tolerance Inside style. In the Geometry tab,
change the Tolerance type to Limit.

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Tolerance Type Changed to Limit

6. The drawing is completed. Save the drawing and print if desired.

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Gripper-Assm Gripper Assembly


Name: Gripper Assembly
Filename: Gripper-Assm.dgn

Description: This is the last project of the book. In this file you will
assemble the individual parts of the Gripper Assembly. The
Reference tool will be used to assembly the file. After the
parts are referenced, you will create three different model
views showing different configurations of the assembly.

Procedure:
1. Begin by using the Gripper-8 drawing as the template file.

Open Gripper-8.dgn and save the file as: Gripper-Assm.dgn.


2. Delete the elements from the file.
3. Open the Default Model view. Reference the Gripper-3 (Pivot Block) file
first. This will be the base part. The other parts will be located in
relation to this part. The first version that will create will be the
exploded version.
4. Rotate View 2 to a Right Isometric orientation and fit the object in all
four views.
5. As each part is referenced into the assembly file, you will activate each
part and change the color of each part. This will make it easier to view
each individual part.

Use this guide for the colors of the parts:


Filename Part Name Color
Gripper-1 Gripper Finger 3 (Red)
Gripper-2 Slide Block 4 (Yellow)
Gripper-3 Pivot Block 7 (Cyan)
Gripper-4 Cam Follower 2 (Green)
Gripper-5 Shoulder Bolt 13 (Purple)
Gripper-6 Air Cylinder 10 (Crimson)
Gripper-7 .250-28 Nut 14 (Gray)
6. In the Reference dialog box, right-click on the file and select the
Activate option.

This will activate the file to allow changes.

Change the color of the part to 7 (Cyan). This will also change the color
of the solid in the original file.

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Activate Command

7. Right-click on the file and select the Deactivate option. This will return
control to the assembly file.
8. Reference in the Gripper-6 (Air Cylinder) file next.

Fit the parts into the view.

Activate the file and change the color to 10.

If the parts are far away from one another, move the Air Cylinder close
to the Pivot Block. Use the Move Reference File tool to move the file.

Move Reference File Tool

9. The Air Cylinder is not oriented properly.

Use the Rotate Reference tool to rotate the file 90 degrees to the left.

Rotate the AccuDraw compass to a top orientation so that the part


rotates along the Z axis.

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Rotate Reference File Tool


Rotate Reference Settings

Parts Rotated with the Air Cylinder Selected

10. Draw a horizontal line from the


center hole on the Pivot Block.
Extend the line to the rear of the
part.

Align the AccuDraw compass to


the top orientation when drawing
the line.

Move the Air Cylinder to align the


center to the end of the line.
Pivot Block and Air Cylinder
Aligned

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11. Attach Gripper-5 (Shoulder Bolt) next.

Draw a vertical line from the top center


of the counterbored hole.

Align the AccuDraw compass to the


front orientation. Set the Z axis of the
rotation to 90 degrees.

Shoulder Bolt Aligned

12. Use the Copy Reference tool to copy the


Shoulder Bolt above the other hole.

Copy Reference Tool

Shoulder Bolt Copied

13. Draw two additional lines from the front


of the Pivot Block.

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14. Add the Gripper-7 (.250-28 Nut) file


and align with the center of the Pivot
block hole. You shouldnt need to
rotate the part.

Nut Aligned

15. Add the Gripper-2 (Slide Block) file


and place at the end of the line at the
bottom of the assembly.

Slide Block Aligned

16. Draw two sets of lines


from the vertical holes
of the Slide Block. Use
the PDF example of
the exploded
assembly to estimate
the lengths of the
lines.

Attach the Gripper-4


(Cam Follower) file.
Rotate the part and
move into position.

Copy the reference file


to the end of the
other line.

Cam Followers Attached and Aligned

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17. Attach the Gripper-1 (Gripper Finger) file. Align the files as shown.

Create a copy of the file and use the Mirror Reference tool to mirror the
part.

Mirror Reference Tool

Gripper Finger Added and Aligned

18. In the References dialog box, enter the Logical names for the
referenced files as shown.

Logical Names Added

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19. This completes the Exploded


Assembly.

Open the Models dialog box and


rename the view Exploded
View.

Model View Renamed

Completed Exploded Assembly

Creating the Non Exploded Version of the Assembly


In these steps you will create an additional version of the assembly. This
version will show the assembly in a non-exploded state with the cylinder
retracted and the fingers open.
1. Click on the Models tool.

Select the Exploded View and copy


it.

Name the new Model view


Assembled Cylinder Retracted.

Copied Model View

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2. This will create a duplicate of the Exploded Assembly.

Delete the lines that were used to line up the parts for the exploded
version of the assembly.

You will modify the assembly by moving the reference files to their
assembled locations.
3. Begin by moving the Air Cylinder
into the Pivot Block. You will also

Use the center snap mode to move


the cylinder so that it remains
concentric with the large hole in the
Pivot Block.

As before the Pivot Block will be the


base part. All other parts will be
moved in relation to this part.

Air Cylinder Moved

4. Move the .250-28 Nut


to the end of the
threaded portion of the
Air Cylinder. Turn off
the Pivot Block Pivot Block Display Checkmark
temporarily to help
locating the nut.

To turn off the Pivot


Block, uncheck the
Display checkmark in
the References dialog
box.

Nut Located

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5. Move the Slide Block to the


other end of the Nut.

Slide Block Located

6. Turn the Pivot Block


back on.

Position the Gripper


Fingers.

Use the .250 holes


to align them with
the Pivot Block
holes.

Gripper Fingers Located

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7. Move the Shoulder


Bolts into position.

Align the bolts with


the holes with the
two holes in the
Pivot Block.

Shoulder Bolts Located

8. Move the Cam


Followers into
position.

Align the Cam


Followers with the
holes in the Slide
Block.

The Cam Followers


will overlap with the
Gripper Fingers.

Note:
The Cam Followers
are used to move
the Gripper Fingers
to open and close. Cam Followers Positioned

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9. Rotate to view to the Top


orientation.

View Rotated

10. Measure the angle of rotation using the


Place Line tool.

Snap a line from the center of the


Shoulder Bolt to the center of the Cam
Follower.

Line Snapped

11. Use the Information tool to


measure the angle of the
line in the top view.

Select the line and then


click the Information tool
in the Primary Tools
toolbox.
Angle of Line

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Introduction to MicroStation

12. Subtract the angle from 270 degrees to


find the angle to rotate the Gripper finger.

The rotation angle will be 7.0695. Your


angle may be slightly different depending
on the location of the two parts.

Rotate the left Gripper Finger in a negative


direction. Use the center of the Shoulder
Bolt as the point to rotate the reference file
about.

Gripper Finger Rotated


Rotate Reference Settings

13. Repeat the process for the right Gripper Finger. Rotate the part in a
positive direction.
14. Both Gripper Fingers are now
rotated.

Delete the line added to check the


rotation.

This finishes this version of the


Gripper Assembly.

Both Gripper Fingers Rotated

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Introduction to MicroStation

View Completed

Creating the Extended Version of the Assembly


In these steps you will create a third version of the assembly. This version
will show the assembly with the air cylinder extended and the fingers
closed. You will also add in a solid that will represent a gripped cylinder.
1. Click on the Models tool.

Select the Assembled Cylinder


Retracted View and copy it.

Name the new Model view


Assembled Cylinder Extended.

Copied Model View

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Introduction to MicroStation

2. Open the
References
dialog box.

Select the Slide


Block, both
Cam Followers,
and the .250-28
Nut.

Reference Files Selected

3. Move the three parts


1.00 away from the other
parts.

The parts may be moved


in the right isometric
view. When moving,
make sure the AccuDraw
is set to top orientation.

Parts Moved

4. Rotate the view to the top view.

Top View

5. Measure the angle between the Shoulder Bolt and the Cam Follower.

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Introduction to MicroStation

6. This time the angle


will be less than in the
previous version.

Subtract the angle


from 270 degrees.

The angle should be


2.8051 degrees. Angle of Line

7. When rotating the right Gripper Finger


you will need to subtract the 2.8051
angle from the original angle of 7.0695.

This will leave a rotation of 4.2644.

Rotate the left Gripper Finger at a


positive rotation of 4.2644.

Rotate the right Gripper Finger at a


negative rotation of -4.2644.

Gripper Fingers Rotated to


New Rotation

8. Replace the Air Cylinder file (Gripper-


6.dgn) to the one with the piston
extended (Gripper-6a).

This can be done by changing the


settings of the reference file to the new
file.

Gripper-6a Attached

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Introduction to MicroStation

9. Create a new cylindrical solid. The diameter


will be 1.500 and the height will be 1.000.

This will represent the part that the Robotic


Gripper is designed to grip.

Cylinder Created

10. Move the cylinder


between the Gripper
Fingers

Cylinder Moved Between Fingers

11. This finishes the third version of the Gripper Assembly.

View Completed

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Introduction to MicroStation

Creating the 2D Exploded View


This part of the tutorial will cover the procedure to create the sheet view of
the exploded view of the Gripper Assembly.
1. Open the Models dialog box.
Rename the Orthographic sheet
view to Exploded Assembly.

Sheet View Renamed

2. Reference in the Exploded


Assembly. Use the Right-
Isometric orientation.

You will see that there are no


parts in the attachment.

This is because the parts in this


file were referenced from the
original files.

To show the parts, you will need


to change the Nesting option. Parts Missing

3. With the Reference File selected


in the References dialog box,
change the Nested Attachments
setting to Live Nesting.

Live Nesting Selected

4. The parts are now visible.

5. Scale the Reference file to 1.2247:1.0000.

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Introduction to MicroStation

6. Change the Visible Edges settings to


Legacy

Visible Edges Set to Legacy

7. In the Hidden Line


Settings dialog make the
following settings:

In the General tab set the


method to Exact and the
Accuracy to High
General Settings
Uncheck the Force
Hidden Edges On
checkbox.

Override the visible lines


to color 2, Style 0, and
weight 2. Hidden Edge Settings

Visible Edge Settings

8. The views are now in


Hidden Line view.

Merge the views into the


master file.

Views in Hidden Line View

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Introduction to MicroStation

9. You may need to move some of the views.

To save time you can copy the isometric views from the 2D views of
the individual files.

The Air Cylinder, Cam Follower, Nut, and Shoulder Bolts will need to be
modified within this file. You will also need to modify the left side
Gripper Finger.

You will also need to change the connecting lines to the phantom
linestyle. You may wish to create a separate level to do this.

Views Updated and Connecting Lines Changed to Phantom Style

10. To create the Part Number Balloons use the Place Note tool for the
leader line, the Place Ellipse tool for the balloons, and the Place Text
tool for the text.

To place the leader with the arrows at the correct size, create a new
dimension style with the text size set to .2500.

The size of the text in the balloons will be .2500.

Note:
After creating one of the balloons and leaders copy to the other
locations on the drawing. Edit the text and adjust the location of the
leader line.

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Introduction to MicroStation

Gripper Finger
Part Number Balloon

Ellipse Settings

11. Add the Parts List by referencing in the Parts List.dgn file from the Title
Blocks folder.

The file will automatically attach above the title block. The first line of
text is included.

Merge the file into master so that you can edit the text.

Parts List Attached

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Introduction to MicroStation

12. Edit the text as


shown.

The justification of
the text is set to left
bottom and center
bottom so that the
lines will be added
upward.

Parts List Filled Out

13. Add the notes above the Parts


List. You will need to use different
text styles for the underlined and
non-underlined text.

Use .1250 for the text height.

Notes Placed

14. This completes the 2D Exploded View and the Gripper Finger project.

Save the drawing and print if desired.

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Introduction to MicroStation

Conclusion
Congratulations on completing the book! You now should have a basic
understanding of the 2D and 3D capabilities of the MicroStation V8i
software program. This software is used in the fields of Manufacturing,
Architecture, Civil, Geospatial, and Plant Management. With these skills
you possess a valuable commodity.

Many companies, municipalities, and government agencies use the


MicroStation software. The MicroStation software is used for the design
and maintenance of public utilities, the design of government buildings
and sites for the General Services Administration.

If you enjoyed this book please feel free to share your comments on the
book website and/or the Amazon.com site.

Once Again, Congratulations!

Sincerely,

Dave Martin
Author
intromicrostation@gmail.com
www.intromicrostation.com
April, 2015

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Introduction to MicroStation

Glossary
2D Two Dimensional
3D Three Dimensional
Absolute Coordinates on the drawing that are based on a fixed
Coordinates point or origin.
ACS Auxiliary Coordinate System. Used to create an
additional or alternate plane with X, Y, and Z (for 3D
drawings) coordinates
AccuDraw A tool that is used to control the location and axis of
elements being added to the drawing.
All-around Indicates a condition that affects a feature that goes
the entire distance of an intersection with another
feature. Used in weld symbols.
Array A group of elements that are copied in a rectangular
or circular (polar) direction. The copies are located by
the row and column spacing in a rectangular array or
by their angular and distance from the center of the
copies in a polar array.
Attribute Properties of an element such as: color, line style, or
line weight.
Auxiliary View A view of an inclined or oblique surface that is
projected 90 degrees. This is used to shown the true
size of a surface that is not one of the six standard
views. See Orthographic Projection.
Bentley Inc. The manufacturer of the MicroStation software.
Break All Sharp A note placed on the drawing to indicate that sharp
Edges corners are to be de-burred or smoothed after
machining.
Break Line A type of line placed on the drawing used to indicate
that the part is larger than its size on the drawing.
Cell The MicroStation term used to describe a symbol.
These are elements that are created and used for
different projects. The equivalent AutoCAD term
would be Block.
Chamfer An angled corner of an object. Indicated by the angle
and distance of the angled surface.
Complex Shape A group of linear elements that are joined together to
create a single shape.

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Coordinate A point in space. X and Y for 2D coordinates and X, Y,


and Z for 3D coordinates.
Counterbore A hole that has another hole placed inside. This type of
hole may be used for an cap screw or other fastener.
Cut Using a 2D shape to create a void within a 3D solid.
Delta (dl=) A type of coordinate key-in that is used with a floating
or movable origin.
Design Intent How a part is to be used. This will control the way a
part is to be dimensioned and toleranced.
Detail View A view that is used to shown extra detail of a part. May
be drawn at a larger scale than the main drawing.
Difference A Feature Modeling tool that is used to create a void
Feature from two intersecting solids.
Element An individual part of the drawing such as lines, circles,
arcs, or text.
Extrusion The process of converting a 2D shape to a 3D solid by
thickening the shape.
Feature A 3D element of a solid. Examples would be a hole,
fillet, round, or surface.
Fence A temporary box or other shape that is placed around
objects to aid in modification.
Field Weld A weld that takes place in the field, not in a fabrication
or manufacturing facility. Indicated with a flag on the
weld symbol.
File Extensions The following filename extensions are used for the
different type of MicroStation files:

.dgn MicroStation Drawing Files


.cel Cell Library Files
.dwg AutoCAD Drawing File Format
(These files can be imported into a MicroStation
drawing file.)
.pset Print Definition Files
(Stores print settings for drawing files.)
.rsc MicroStation Resource Files
.pltcfg Plotter Configuration Files
(Bentley Printer Drivers)

Fillet An inside corner of an object that has been rounded


with a radius. Also a type of weld that is used to join
parts that a perpendicular or angled to one another.

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Finish Mark A symbol placed on the drawing to indicate the surface


roughness of a feature or if a surface is to be
machined after a casting operation. Project #9 uses
these marks.
GA Abbreviation for Gauge. Used to indicate the thickness
of sheet metal.
GDT Geometrical Dimensioning and Tolerancing. A type of
dimensioning symbol used to show the relationship
between two mating parts or a condition of a feature.
Hatch A pattern added to the drawing to indicate an area of a
part in section.
Hole Chart A table on the drawing used to indicated the size,
quantity, and letter designation of a hole.
Isometric A type of projection that shows the height, width, and
Projection depth of an object. Horizontal edges are typically
rotated to a 30 degree angle. Edges are drawn at true
size or at a standard scale.
Level A category of similar elements in a drawing. Levels
may be categorized by their attributes such as color,
line style, or line weight. The equivalent AutoCAD
term would be Layer.
Limit A type of tolerance dimension that shows to upper and
lower limit of size and location.
Line Style A line that contains fixed dash and gap lengths. Used
to indicate different types of lines on a drawing.
Examples include: Hidden, Phantom, and Center lines.
Mirror To create a reversed image of an element or a group
of elements.
Ordinate A type of dimensioning that does not use extension or
Dimensioning dimension lines. Also known as Arrowless
Dimensioning.
Origin The base point of a project or the 0,0 coordinate. The
origin may be changed through the use of the Auxiliary
Coordinate System (ACS) tool.
Orthographic Views of a single object that are projected 90 degrees
Projection from one another. Consists or six standard views: Top,
Front, Right, Bottom, Rear, and Left.
Parametric A solid that has the ability to have its features
modified after placement into the design.
Patterning See Hatch.
PDF Portable Document Format. A type of file that is used
to show 2D and 3D drawings without the use of the
MicroStation program.

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Plus/Minus A type of tolerance that indicates the maximum and


minimum size or location of a dimension.
Primitive A basic type of solid such as a slab, sphere, torus,
wedge, cylinder, or cone.
Reference To link a file from another location to another file. The
(File) border files are referenced onto a new drawing. The
equivalent AutoCAD term would be xref.
Relative Coordinates on the drawing that are based on a
Coordinates movable point or origin.
Relative Path Used when referencing files. The path is the original
location of the file indicated by drive, folder, and
filename. The Save Relative Path checkbox is checked
to aid in keeping reference files links to other files.
Resolution Associated with the Working Units of the file. This
controls the accuracy of the model and is changed
based on its overall size.
Revolve A 3D tool used to project a shape in a cylindrical
direction.
Round An outside corner of an object that has been rounded
with a radius.
Rib A 3D feature that is used to strengthen to intersecting
solids. Project #3 contains a rib.
Seed File A MicroStation template file used for starting a new
drawing.
Scale The relationship between the size of the drawing on
paper/screen and its actual size.
Section A simulated cut made in the object to show additional
interior detail.
Slab A flat 3D solid with height, width, and depth.
Slot An opening in a flat part with parallel sides. May have
rounded corners.
Solid A three dimensional object with height, width, and
depth.
Spline An arc that does not have a fixed center. Also known
as a Bezier Curve. Also is a term for slots that are cut
on a cylindrical part for a mating part.
Stud A threaded metal part. May be welded to another
component of a weldment.
Tag A type of element that is used as a placeholder to add
text to a drawing. In this book tags are used to aid in
filling out the title block on a drawing.

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Terminator The symbol placed at the end of a leader line such as


an arrowhead or dot.
Tolerance The amount that a feature is allowed to deviate from
perfect or design size.
Union To join two or more solids into one solid.
U.N.O. Unless Noted Otherwise.
Weldment A group of parts that are welded together,
Working Units A setting to control the units that are to be used for
the project as well as its resolution. The setting are
accessed in the Settings, Design File tool.

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Index
Color Settings for Gripper Parts........... 274
3 Complex Shape Tool .......................... 156
Conclusion........................................ 296
3D File Interface ............................... 154 Construct Array Along Path................. 250
3D PDF File ................................ 174, 175 Construct Array Tool .......................... 220
3D PDF Tool (Adobe Reader) ............... 175 Construct Circular Fillet Tool ................. 87
3D View of Weldment......................... 146 Copy Dimension Styles ........................ 56
Copy Reference File ........................... 277
A Copy/Fold Reference Tool ................... 179
Copying Model Views ......................... 280
About Isometric Views ....................... 239 Counterbore Hole Settings.................. 196
AccuDraw Compass ............................. 44 Counterbore Symbol .......................... 245
AccuDraw Coordinate Window ............... 21 Counterbored Hole Settings (Slide Block)
AccuDraw Coordinates Window ............. 46 ................................................... 242
AccuDraw Shortcuts............................. 71 Counterbored Holes ............................. 91
ACS Icon .......................................... 129 Countersink Symbol .......................... 245
ACS(ax=) Method .............................. 129 Create Cell Dialog Box ....................... 142
Activate Reference File ....................... 274 Create Cut Tool ................................. 219
Activating the AccuDraw Coordinate Create Model (Sheet View) ................. 228
Window .......................................... 70 Create Model Settings ........................ 177
Advanced Tab ..................................... 56 Create New Model Tool ...................... 176
Advanced Units Settings Dialog Box ....... 19 Creating a New Cell Library ................ 141
All-Around Symbol ............................. 139 Creating a Print Definition File............... 68
Angle Accuracy Settings ....................... 35 Creating Splines ................................ 110
Apply to Open Views Tool ................... 158 Custom Line Styles .............................. 51
Array Feature Tool .............. 201, 205, 217 Custom Linestyle Files ......................... 49
Array Reference Point ........................ 100 Cut Feature Tool ........................ 194, 243
Array Tool ........................................ 100 Cut Feature Tool (Split Solid) .............. 212
Attach Reference Tool .......................... 41
Attributes Toolbox ............................... 43
Automatically Saving Changes .............. 32 D
Auxiliary Coordinates Dialog Box ......... 128
Data Point Key-In Window .................... 21
Auxiliary Coordinates Tool .................. 128
Datum Feature Triangle ..................... 237
Auxiliary Views .................................. 119
Datum Symbol .................................. 236
AWS Standard .................................. 149
Default Lighting Setting ..................... 169
Define ACS (By Points) Tool................ 129
B Define Cell Origin Tool ....................... 141
Depth Symbol ................................... 245
Bentley Driver Setting .......................... 66 Design File Settings Dialog Box ............. 19
Blend Feature Tool............................. 190 Detail Dimension Style ....................... 115
Break Element Tool.............................. 26 Diameter Symbol .............................. 245
Broken-Out Section ..................... 93, 108 Difference Feature Tool ........ 163, 189, 266
Dimension Center Tool ......................... 57
C Dimension Linear Tool ......................... 58
Dimension Ordinates Tool................... 134
Cell Library Dialog Box ....................... 140 Dimension Radial Tool.......................... 59
Cell Names and Descriptions ............... 141 Dimension Style for 2 to 1 Scale Drawings
Cells Tool ......................................... 140 ................................................... 244
Center Linestyle .................................. 23 Dimension Styles Dialog Box ................ 53
Center Mark Placement ........................ 58 Dimension Styles for Framed Dimensions
Center Mark Tool ............................... 132 ................................................... 234
Chamfer Feature Tool ................. 196, 205 Dimension Terminator Setting .............. 57
Chamfer Setting for Shoulder Bolt ....... 258 Dimensions Toolbox............................. 57
Change Attributes Dialog Box.............. 233 Display Settings for Reference Files ..... 281
Change View Display Style Dialog Box.. 181 Display Styles Dialog Box ................... 159
Changing the Logical Name of Reference Distance Accuracy Settings ................... 35
Files ............................................. 181 Distance Key-In .................................. 34
Chart for Project #1............................. 22 Double Scale Dimension Styles ........... 115
Circle Fence Type .............................. 114 Drawing Setup for Initial Projects .......... 10
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Introduction to MicroStation

Drop Element Tool ...................... 144, 260 Line Tool ............................................ 21


Linestyle Pull-Down ............................. 50
E Linestyles.rsc File ................................ 50
Loading Custom Linestyles ................... 49
Edit Tags Dialog Box ............................ 43 Logical Names of Gripper Parts ........... 279
Edit Text Tool ..................................... 60
Element Menu ..................................... 49 M
Element Select Filter .......................... 155
Ellipse Tool ....................................... 120 Manipulate Toolbox ............................. 24
Email Contact ...................................... 5 Manual Text Option for Dimensions ....... 59
ESC Key to Stop Command ................... 18 Measure Volume Tool......................... 164
Extrude Feature Distance Setting ........ 162 Merge Into Master Command ................ 42
Extrude Features Tool ........................ 162 Metric Dimension Styles .............. 125, 132
Extrusion Method .............................. 152 MicroStation Resource File.................... 50
Mirror Feature Tool ............................ 202
F Mirror Text Checkbox ......................... 144
Mirror Tool ......................................... 99
F11 Key ........................................... 129 Mirroring Reference Files .................... 279
Feature Control Frame ....................... 235 Miter Line Technique............................ 95
Feature Modeling Task ....................... 158 Models Dialog Box ............................. 176
Field Weld Flag.................................. 139 Models Tool ...................................... 176
File Extension for Print Definition Files.... 68 Modify Line Style Attributes Dialog Box .. 52
File Management .................................. 5 Move Parallel Tool ............................... 24
File Open Dialog Box ............................ 14 Move Reference File........................... 275
Filled Arrowhead ................................. 30 Move Tool .......................................... 27
Fillet Weld Symbol ............................. 138 Multi-Snap Dialog ................................ 45
Finish mark Symbol ........................... 124
Fit View Tool ............................... 21, 156 N
Framed Text with Leader Line ............. 237
Nesting Setting for Referencing ........... 290
G New File Tool ...................................... 15
New Folder Tool .................................. 15
Geometric Tolerance Dialog ................ 236 New View Group ............................... 177
Geometry Tab ..................................... 54 Notes Weld Symbol ........................... 139
Graphics User Interface (GUI) ................ 6 NURBS Curve.................................... 111
Grid Dot Spacing ................................. 20
O
H One Inch Cube .................................. 239
Hatch Area Tool .................................. 94 On-Line Video Tutorials .......................... 5
Hatch Tool Flood Option .................... 94 Ordinate Dimensions ......................... 134
Hidden Edge Overrides ....................... 231 Origin Symbol for Project #1 ................ 31
Hidden Edge Settings ......................... 161 Outside Border for Project #1 ............... 24
Hole Chart ........................................ 134
Hole Feature Tool ............... 171, 189, 220 P
I Part Balloon Settings ......................... 292
Parts List, Placement ......................... 293
Importing CAD Files ........................... 259 Parts List, Text Size ........................... 294
Information Tool ......................... 36, 284 PDF Printer Configuration File ............. 174
Inside Edges Level Settings ................ 232 Phantom Linestyle ............................. 147
Introduction......................................... 4 Pipe Thread Settings.......................... 261
Place Active Cell Dialog Box ................ 143
L Place Active Cell Tool ......................... 143
Place Arc Tool .............................. 69, 102
Legacy Settings................................. 231 Place Circle Tool ............................ 22, 46
Level Manager Tool .............................. 20 Place Cylinder Tool ............................ 204
Level Setup ......................................... 9 Place Fence ...................................... 114
Limit Tolerance ................................. 271 Place Half Ellipse Tool ........................ 121
Line Style Editor Dialog Box .................. 49 Place Line Tool .................................... 43
Line Styles Dialog Box.......................... 52 Place Note Dialog .............................. 236

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Place Note Tool ................................... 30 Slab Feature Tool .............................. 215


Place Regular Polygon Tool ................... 23 Smooth Display Style......................... 161
Place Text Tool.................................... 27 Smooth Display Type ......................... 160
Placement Button .............................. 143 Snaps Command ................................. 45
Plot Settings for 3D PDF File ............... 174 Snaps Modes ...................................... 45
Polar Coordinate Display .................... 211 Spline Tool ....................................... 111
Polar Coordinates (AccuDraw) ............... 85 Split Solid ................................. 212, 263
Preferences Dialog Box......................... 16 Starting the Software .......................... 14
Presentation Settings for 3D Views ...... 230 Stretch Tool........................................ 37
Previewing the Print ............................. 64 Stud Weld Symbol ............................. 149
Previous Model Button........................ 155 Symmetry Symbol............................. 102
Primitive Method ............................... 152
Primitive Solids ................................. 152
Print Dialog Box .................................. 62
T
Print Driver Configuration Dialog Box ..... 66 Table of Contents .................................. 3
Print Maximize Button .......................... 65 Text Frame Setting ............................ 234
Print Tool ..................................... 62, 65 Text Styles Dialog Box ......................... 29
Printing to a PDF File ........................... 66 Text Symbols...................................... 96
Printing Your Drawing .......................... 62 Text Tab ............................................ 55
Threaded Hole Settings ...................... 209
R Threaded Hole Size............................ 241
Threaded Holes ................................. 108
Rectangular Array Tool ....................... 131 Title Block Information ....................... 229
Reference Attachment Setting Dialog Box Title Block Text (B-Size)..................... 230
..................................................... 42 Toggle AccuDraw Tool.......................... 44
Reference Attachment Settings ........... 178 Toleranced Dimension........................ 235
Reference Scale Settings (Slide Block) . 244 Toleranced Dimensions ...................... 234
Referenced 3D Views ......................... 230 Trim To Element Tool........................... 25
References Dialog Box ......................... 41 Trimming Lines ................................... 25
References Tool................................... 41
Referencing the A-Size Files .................. 40
Remove Smooth Edges ...................... 231
U
Renaming Model Views....................... 280 Underline Settings ............................... 29
Revolve Feature Tool .......... 206, 221, 254 Union Feature Tool ..................... 170, 264
Robotic Gripper Filenames .................. 226 Units Tab ........................................... 55
Rotate Reference File ......................... 275 Unrotating a View................................ 89
Rotate Reference Tool ........................ 285
Rotate Tool ......................................... 72
Rotate View 2 Points ............................ 88
V
Rotate View Tool ......................... 88, 125 View Attributes Dialog Box ................. 158
View Attributes Dialog Tool ................. 157
S View Group Window........................... 177
View Label for Isometric Views ............ 238
Save Print Definition File ...................... 68 View Option Category .......................... 16
Save Settings on Exit ........................... 17 View Window Toggles ........................ 177
Saving the File .................................... 15 Visible Edge Overrides ....................... 232
Scale Setting for Printing ...................... 64 Visible Edge Settings .................. 161, 182
Scale Settings ................................... 114 Volumes for Gripper Projects ................ 12
Scaling Reference Files....................... 180 Volumes for Initial Projects ................... 11
Section Line Level................................ 93
Seed File ............................................ 15
seed3D.dgn File ................................ 153
W
Select Print Driver Configuration Dialog Weld Chart Dimensions ...................... 140
Box ................................................ 66 Weldment ........................................ 138
Setting Up the Levels ........................... 21 Working Units for 3D Files .................. 156
Shape Closed Message ....................... 157 Working Units, Imperial ......................... 8
Shift Tool ........................................... 52 Working Units, Metric ............................ 8
Simulated Threads for 3D Profiles ........ 254 Working Units, Metric ........................ 118
Simulated Threads for Isometric Views. 250 Working Units, Setup ............................. 7

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