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International Journal of Latest Research in Science and Technology ISSN (Online):2278-5299

Volume 5, Issue1: Page No. 123-125, January-February 2016


Sanjeev Gill, 2Er.L.D.Singal
HOD Department of Civil Engineering, JBIT, Dehradun(U.K)
Chairmans JBIT, Dehradun(U.K)

Abstract-This paper present a study commercially available FRP and how they work.FRP can be achieved using conventional mixing and
appropriate matrix compositions. Based on this investigation, the optimum fiber content was dependent on mixture design constituents,
fiber types, and mixing procedure. The main fields of application of FRP composite are examined and future perspectives discussed and
review of various kinds of fibers and applied best techniques. it should also be admitted that the cost of FRP and related technological
operation is certainly an obstacle for use of FRP in ordinary RC structure .

Keywords- compressive strength, fiber reinforced polymer, RC frame, corrosion resistance

Fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) composites can be ABOUT FRP
considered a new class of construction material when Fiberglass fortified plastic, usually known as fiberglass, was
compared with classical materials such as steel, concrete, produced industrially after World War II. Since that time, the
timber and masonry.FRP material have several advantages utilization of fiberglass has become quickly. The expression
over steel and they are lightweight with superior strength and "fiberglass" depicts a thermo set plastic sap that is fortified
stiffness-to weight rations .the seismic retrofit strategy for with glass strands. In this manual, the more broad terms Fiber
an RC frame may include strengthening deficient members Reinforced Plastic/ Composites or FRP/Composites will be
such as column, beam and beam-column joints to increase utilized to depict these to great degree helpful material
strength, stiffness and ductility. These materials are frameworks.
comprised of very strong fibers and a resin matrix. The MERIT COMPARISON AND RATINGS FOR FRP AND
relatively recent and growing interest in FRP in the domain STEEL
of structural engineering can be traced to its advantageous
Property Merit/Advantage Rating
properties ranging from a very high strength to weight ratio,
(Parameter) (Rating) Scale
excellent fatigue behavior, to superior durability including F.R.P Steel
corrosion resistance.
OBJECTIVE:- Use of Fiber Reinforced Polymer (F.R.P) Strength/ 4-5 4 1: Very
Material in R.C Structure in place of steel Stiffness Low
.Strengthening and Repairing of R.C structure through F.R.P Weight 5 2 2: Low
SCOPE OF WORK Corrosion 4-5 3 3:
To increase the axial compressive strength of RC resistance/ Medium
structures. To increase the capacity of a section by Ease of field 5 3-4 4: High
providing sufficient orientation. To put the damaged construction
Ease of repair 4-5 3-5 5: Very
element of the structure in the good condition.
Fire 3-5 4 1: Very
To improve the ability of an existing building to withstand Low
seismic forces arises usually from the evidence of damage Transportation/H 5 3
and poor behavior during a recent earthquake. andling
Toughness 4 4
To bring back the architectural shape of the building so that
all services start working and the functioning of building is Acceptance 2-3 5
resumed quickly.
Maintenance 5 3

Structure and many "advanced" composites of Kevlar or

carbon fiber.

ISSN:2278-5299 123
International Journal of Latest Research in Science and Technology.
FRP AS A REPAIRING TOOL industrial equipment comes from chlorides. The Figure
Composites have numerous advantages over conventional shows the range of suitability for many important metals in
building materials, including ease and durability of repair. the presence of chlorides. The ranges are limited to narrow
However, damaged parts are often replaced simply because bands above which more and more exotic materials are
many individuals lack the knowledge to repair them or are required Carbon steel, stainless steel, rubber-lined steel, and
intimidated by the prospect of fixing them. Below, we'll premium alloys, once standard materials of construction for
provide a basic understanding of modern composite repair, chemical storage tanks, are more and more being replaced by
and detail the steps and techniques for both structural and fiber reinforced plastics (FRP) as engineers begin to realize
cosmetic repairs. The techniques described will work for any the advantages of FRP, e.g. increased corrosion resistance,
fiberglass. Composite materials can be defined as materials light weight, higher strength to weight ratio, low life cycle
system combined of two or more micro- or macro-component costs, etc. The Clean Air Act has created increasing demand
that differ in form and chemical combination and which are for scrubbers and collection ductwork systems that will resist
fundamentally insoluble in each other. Usage of composite the corrosive effects of industrial fumes drawn from process
materials has a great importance in many engineering areas streams. Duct and scrubbers for pulp bleach plants, ducting
such as automotive industry, construction industry, from clean rooms in semiconductor fabrication plants, odor
manufacturing industry and new technology products. The control ducts, carbon absorbers, and scrubbers in municipal
purpose of the creating composite materials is to produce waste water treatment plants: all use FRP as a key material of
superior properties of a new material the production than construction to combat corrosion. The applications of FRP in
existing components. The main objective of this research is to form of strips give:
develop an innovative and ductile version of traditional - Increase of stiffness to the members;
composite shear walls in which the above disadvantages are - Enhancement of carrying load capacity;
eliminated. The most important elements of innovation are: - increasing of the ductility;
"Rubber-shims" placed between the concrete shear wall and - Increase of resistance to fatigue;
the boundary beams and columns, and "Special Ductile Shear - Limitation of cracked states
Studs" to connect the concrete cover walls to the steel
boundary elements. The main role of the rubber shim around TYPES OF FIBRES
the boundary is to provide an elastic gap between the shear Fibers are made of very thin continuous filaments, and
walls, which are stiff and relatively brittle, and the boundary therefore, are quite difficult to be individually manipulated.
steel elements which are relatively less stiff but more ductile. For this reason, they are commercially available in different
The thickness of the rubber shim gap is determined such that shapes. A brief description of the most used is summarized as
upto a certain drift the gap is not closed and the walls are not follows: Monofilament: basic filament with a diameter of
activated. about 10 m.Tow: untwisted bundle of continuous filaments.
Yarn: assemblage of twisted filaments and fibres formed into
a continuous length that is suitable for use in weaving textile
Carbon fibres
Amid fibres
Glass fibres
Epoxy resins
Polyester resins

Typical application of FRP materials in civil structures

The major use of FRP in the civil construction regards the
rehabilitation of existing RC and masonry structures. The
progressive ageing of the structure, the necessity of
upgrading the gravity load designed structure, the necessity
of support the increment of loads due to a variation of the
APPLICATION OF F.R.P IN STRUCTURES building use, require the necessity of a structural intervention
Applications of FRP can be classified: applications for and the reinforcement of the structural elements. In all the
new construction, repair and rehabilitation applications, and presented cases an intervention based on the use of composite
architectural applications. FRPs have widely been used by materials can be think. go in action and contribute to the
civil engineers in the design of new construction. Structures resistance. The FRP can be also applied with a pretension or
such as, bridges and columns built completely out of FRP with a favourable impressed deformation in order to optimize
composites, have demonstrated exceptional durability and the efficacy. The effect of the composite material on the cross
effective resistance to the effects of environmental exposure. section mechanical behaviour is to lower the neutral axis
Retrofitting with adhesive bonded FRP, has been established position, unload the steel rebars and implicating more
around the world as an effective method applicable to many compressed concrete.
types of concrete structural elements such as; columns,
beams, slabs and walls. the important task of the design Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Technology
engineer is to seek ways of eliminating or reducing corrosion The engineering process is well-established and applies the
of industrial equipment. Much of the corrosive attack to same when using FRP. It begins with process definition,

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International Journal of Latest Research in Science and Technology.
moves on to materials selection, engineering design and (bare and selective retrofit frames). EUR Report 20244 EN,
analysis, the preparation of drawings and specifications, ELSA, Joint Research Centre, Ispra, Italy
7. SeismoSoft (2007). SeismoStruct A Computer Program for
quality assurance inspection, and finally, throughout the Static and Dynamic Nonlinear Analysis of Framed Structures.
service life of the equipment, preventive maintenance
Resins- Resins can be divided into two broad classes:
thermosetting and thermoplastic. This document discusses
composite materials formed using thermosetting resins
combined with fiber reinforcement. Thermoplastic resins
have a definite melting point, whereas thermosetting resins
cure to produce an infusible solid material that does not melt
when heated. They soften, but they do not liquefy
Thermosetting resins used for FRP are typically purchased in
liquid form and are reacted to a solid with chemical additives.
The most commonly used thermosetting resin systems:
Vinyl ester

Bisphenol-A fumarate polyester

Terephthalic polyester

Isophthalic polyester

These resin families have unique usefulness depending

upon the specific corrosive process, temperature, and
engineering requirements of the application.
Resin Casting Performance
Resin Performance at Elevated Temperatures

To increase the axial compressive strength of RC structures.
To increase the capacity of a section by providing sufficient
orientation. To put the damaged element of the structure in
the good condition.
To improve the ability of an existing building to withstand
seismic forces arises usually from the evidence of damage
and poor behavior during a recent earthquake.
To bring back the architectural shape of the building
so that all services start working and the functioning of
building is resumed quickly.

1. Franke L, Meyer HJ. Predicting the tensile strength and
creeprupture behavior of pultruded glass-reinforced polymer rods.
J Mater Sci 1992;27:4899980.
2. Katz A, Berman N, Bank LC. Effect of high temperature on bond
strength of FRP rebars. ASCE J Compos Constr 1999;3(2):73
3. Homam SM, Sheikh SA. Durability of fiber reinforced
polymersused in concrete structures. In: Proceedings of the 3rd
international conference on advanced materials in bridges and
structures,Ottawa, Canada, August 1518, 2000, p. 751758.
4. Chin JW, Aouadi K, Nguyen T. Effects of environmental
exposureon fiber-reinforced plastic (FRP) materials used in
construction.J Compos Technol Res 1997;19(4):205,13.
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toFRP rods. In: Proceedings of the 1st conference on durability
ofFRP composites for construction (CDCC98), Sherbrooke
(Canada),August 57, 1998, p. 487497
6. Pinto A., Verzeletti G., Molina J., Varum H., Pinho R., Coelho E.
(2002). Pseudo-dynamic tests on non-seismic resisting RC frames

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