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Zrenjanin Sugar Factory Complex Architecture


Vesna Karavida

Key words: Veliki Bekerek, sugar factory, Viktor Bene, urban concept.

The urban concept, the architecture, which is fully compatible with the industrial complex trends of that
time, and the production organization manner ranked the Veliki Bekerek (Zrenjanin) Sugar Factory as a con-
temporary, successful factory. The designer of the complex is a Czech architect Viktor Bene. The construction
took almost twelve months, from October 1910 to September 1911.
Due to the abovementioned facts, the construction of the Sugar Factory was the most ambitious econom-
ic venture in Zrenjanin before World War I. Compared with the European framework, this was a middle-sized
factory which fitted in with all its characteristics when it comes to the construction of this type of buildings in
Europe. The architect planned a complex outside the city, created the plans for all the buildings and, which was a
novelty at that time, he created the complex as a garden town. In it, along with the production halls, houses for
workers, officials and production managers were built. The manager of the factory, Viktor Elek (born in todays
Slatkovievo in southwestern Slovakia) received a villa near the park, which, thanks to its architectural value,
belongs to cultural heritage. The other facilities within the complex also have many architectural values.
This monographs contribution is, apart from the architectural analysis of the complex, also an attempt at
bringing to light the context of the construction.

List of figures:
Photo 1. A part of the factory complex. Recorded between the two world wars. ZZZSK Zrenjanin archives
Photo 2. Main drive - mechanical design, IAZ Inventory of maps and plans collections 1752 1992, N-69. Sugar factory
Photo 3. Main drive. Present condition. ZZZSK Zrenjanin archives
Photo 4. Drying plant, mechanical design 1910. IAZ Inventory N-69. Sugar factory
Photo 5. Drying plant, present condition, ZZZSK Zrenjanin archives
Photo 6. Noodle storage, original design 1910. IAZ Inventory N-69. Sugar factory
Photo 7. Noodle storage, interior, present condition, ZZZSK Zrenjanin archives
Photo 8. Sugar storage, present condition, ZZZSK Zrenjanin archives
Photo 9. Sugar storage, an old postcard, ZZZSK Zrenjanin archives
Photo 10. Workshop for building joinery, 1910 design. IAZ Inventory N-69. Sugar factory
Photo 11. Administrative building, original design from 1910. IAZ Inventory N-69. Sugar factory
Photo 12. Cafeteria, present condition. ZZZSK Zrenjanin archives
Photo 13. Eleks villa, present condition. ZZZSK Zrenjanin archives
Photo 14. Finance directors house, present condition. ZZZSK Zrenjanin archives
Photo 15. Former clinic, present condition. ZZZSK Zrenjanin archives
Photo 16. Officials apartments, present condition. ZZZSK Zrenjanin archives
Photo 17. Industrials apartments, 1910 design. IAZ Inventory N-69. Sugar factory
Photo 18. Workers apartments, 1910 project. IAZ Inventory N-69. Sugar factory
Photo 19. Workers huts, 1910 design. IAZ Inventory N-69. Sugar factory
Photo 20. Workers dormitory design, 1910. IAZ Inventory N-69. Sugar factory

XXIX 153