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MATERIAL CHARACTERISTICS

CONTENT

STEELS

PLASTICS

STAINLESS STEELS

OTHER METALS AND GLASS

CERAMICS

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MATERIAL CHARACTERISTICS

STEELS

Materials Symbolic Numeric Chemical analysis % Hardness Density Properties


designation designation C Si Mn P S Cr Kg/dm3

0,95 0,15 0,25 0,030 0,025 1,35 60 7,83 Bearing steel through hardened,
Chrome steel fine surface finish, high hardness
100Cr6 1.3505 max max 66 HRC
AISI 52100 and load capacity
1,05 0,35 0,45 1,65

Through hardened 0,65 0,15 0,70 0,025 0,025 0,35


Carbon steel (with max max 60 7,85
chrome) C65Cr2 0,70 0,35 0,80 0,45 66 HRC Through hardened, used in
Through hardened 0,50 0,60 applications in which case
Carbon steel C55E (1) 1.1203 (1) 0,60 0,030 0,050 58 7,86 hardened carbon steel
or AISI 1055 0,60 max 0,90 66 HRC
is not sufficient
Through hardened D85.2 (1) 1.0616 (1) 0,83 0,10 0,30 0,040 0,040 60 7,85
Carbon steel C85 max max 66 HRC
or AISI 1085 0,88 0,30 0,70

Case hardened 0,06 0,10 0,3 0,045 0,045 60 7,86 Usable when through hardened steel
Carbon steel max max 66 HRC*
is not necessary
AISI 1010/1015 0,2 0,60 0,9

Soft steel F 0,17 0,045 0,045 7,86


non hardened max max max Can be machined and welded
XC 10 or CQ 15
* Surface hardness. (1) closest reference. 740 to 900 HV10 for diameters 12,7 according DIN 5401-1993.

PLASTICS

DIN Units PA PA6.6 POM PP PUR PTFE PAI PEEK


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES Standard (Torlon )

Density 53479 Kg/dm3 1,14 1,15 1,41 0,91 1,23 2,20 1,40 1,32
Water absorption to 23C HR 50% 53495 % 3,00 2,5 0,22 0 - 0 0,33 0,50
Hardness 53505 Kj/m2 R 100 R 118 R 120 D 73 A 90 R 15 E 86 R 120
Resilience 53453 Kj/m2 >7,00 >5 8 SR 10 - - 142 -
Elastic modulus in tension 53457 N/mm 2
2 800 3 300 2 900 1 300 700 4 900 3 600

THERMICAL PROPERTIES
T for continuous uses 52 612 C -40/+90 -40/+120 -50/+90 -10/+100 - -269/+260 +260 -50/+250
T when deformation on load 1.85 N/mm2
C 75 104 110 65 - 49 278 160

PA : polyamid, Nylon 6,6, Zytel, Ultramid PP : polypropylene, Hostalen, Moplen


POM : polyoxymethylene, polyacetal, Hostaform, PUR : polyurethane, Vulkollan
Delrin, Ultraform PTFE : polytetrafluorethylene, Teflon
PAI : Polyamid-imide, Torlon PEEK : polyetherethercetone, Ketron

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS APPLICATIONS :


Low density : from 0.92 to ~ 2 Valves for food industry
Good corrosion resistance Pumps
Noiseless use Hydraulic and electrical devices
Possible use as valves Optical application
Food contact possible for POM, PP, and PTFE. Filters
Medical and chemical devices
Linear motion

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MATERIAL CHARACTERISTICS

STAINLESS STEELS

Materials Symbolic Numeric Chemical analysis % Hardness Density Properties


designation designation C Si Mn P S Cr Ni Mo Other Kg/dm3
Stainless 13 % X39Cr13 1.4031 0,36 1 1 0,04 0,03 12,5 52 Good balance between corrosion
AISI 420 C X46Cr13 1.4034 max max max max 58 7,68 resistance and hardness; through
or Z40C13 X45Cr13 1.3541 0,50 14,5 HRC hardened stainless steel
Stainless 13 % 0,58 1 1 0,04 0,015 12,5 58 Characteristics
SEW 400 X65Cr13 1.4037 max max max max 7,7 close to
0,70 14,6 64 HRC AISI 440C
Stainless 17 % 0,95 1 1 0,04 0,03 16 0,40 58 Afford the advantage of maximum
AISI 440 C X105CrMo17 1.4125 max max max max 64 7,75 hardness combined with corrosion
or resisting properties. First choice
Z100CD17 1,2 18 0,80 HRC steel for stainless steel bearings

Stainless 17 % 16 Intermediate stainless


AISI 430 X6Cr17 1.4016 0,08 1 1 0,04 0,03 135 7,68 steel quality between
or Z8C17 max max max max max 18 420 and 304

Stainless 17 % 0,10 0,15 15,5 0,20 Additional sulfur makes
AISI 430 F X14CrMoS17 1.4104 1 1,50 0,04 380 HV* 7,68 this stainless steel
or Z10CF17 0,17 max max max 0,35 17,5 0,60 more machinable
Stainless 18/10 17 8 N:
AISI 304 X5CrNi18-10 1.4301 0,07 1 2 0,045 0,03 0,11 135 7,93 Austenitic stainless
or Z7CN 18-09 max max max max max 19,5 10,5 max steel; very good

Stainless 18/10 18 8 2 N: corrosion and
AISI 304L X2CrNi18-09 1.4306 0,03 1 2 0,045 0,03 0,11 380 HV* 7,93 chemical resistance
Z2CN 18-10 max max max max max 20 10 2,5 max
Stainless 18/12/3 16,5 10 2 N:
AISI 316 X5CrNiMo17 1.4401 0,07 1 2 0,045 0,03 0,11 135 7,98 Better corrosion
or Z6CND 17-12 12.02 max max max max max 18,5 13 2,5 max resistance than above
stainless due to
Stainless 18/12/3 16,5 10 2 N:
AISI 316L X2CrNiMo17 1.4404 0,03 1 2 0,045 0,03 0,11 380 HV* 7,97 molybdenum
or Z2CND 17-12 12.02 max max max max max 18,5 13 2,5 max
* Indicative values

OTHER METALS AND GLASS

Material Chemical Hardness Density Properties


composition Kg/dm3
Tungsten carbide 94 % Wc + 6 % Co 1550 HV 14,90 Extremely hard and abrasion resistant
Glass 70 80 % SiO2 45 HRC 2,5 Good corrosion resistance used in valves, but also in special
bearings
Titanium Pure titanium 130 - 180 HB 4,5 Good corrosion resistance, bio-compatible, low density
Brass 63 % Cu 180 - 200 HB 8,4 Good electrical conductivity
Bronze 68.5 % 71,5 % Cu 200 - 220 HB 8,5 Good electrical conductivity
Hastelloy C Ni 57 % Mo 17 % Cr 16 % 80-220 HB 8,94 Very good corrosion and high temperature resistant

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MATERIAL CHARACTERISTICS

CERAMICS

Silicon Tungsten Stainless Chrome


CHARACTERISTICS Sapphire Ruby Alumina Nitride Zirconia Carbide Steel Steel
HP Y-TZP * * 100 Cr6
*
Crystalline structure......................................... mono Poly Poly Poly Poly Poly Poly
Chemical formula............................................. AI2O3 99 % AI2O3 Si3N4 ZrO2 Wc (6T10)
Purity ........................................................... % 99,99 % 1 % Cr2O3 99,80 90 90 95 Wc94+Co6
Density................................................. Kg/dm3 3,99 3,90 3,10 3,20 6,00 15 8 7,85
Hardness .................................................... HV 2 300 1 650 1 600 1 100 1 500 1 550 500 800 762 865
Compression strength............................... MPa 2 100 2 400 3 000 ~ 4 000 5 300 - 2 240
Elastic strength ......................................... MPa - 280 400 - - 500 1 500
Flexural strength ...................................... MPa 390 470 1 000 700 1 100 1 900 -
Rsilience KIC.................................... MPa.m1/2 1 4 6 10 - 30-80
Elasticity ................................................... GPa 430 380 320 200 610 200 205
Thermal expansion coef. .................... 10-6. K-1 5,30 4,50 5,50 3,20 10 5,50 10 12
Thermal conductivity........................... W/mK 36 29 40 2 80 -
Thermal capacity ................................... J/kgK 755 900 750 500 201 -
Usable maximum temprature.................... C 1 800 2 000 1 500 1 800 1 200 1 500 1 000 - 300 600 450
Acid resistance ................................................ very good very good very good good limited limited non resistant
Base resistance ................................................. good good good good limited limited non resistant
* For comparison.

ADVANTAGES APPLICATIONS
- High hardness (>1 300 Vickers). - High precision and high speed bearings.
- Low density (3 6 kg/dm3). - Hip joints.
- Wear resistance due to low friction coefficient. - Valves.
- High elasticity module (200 400 GPa). - Measuring devices.
- Chemical and thermal resistance. Electrical insulation - Reference balls for 3D measuring machines.
- High mechanical resistance (bending resistance : - Ball gauges and triggers for 3D measuring machines and balls
400 to 1 000 MPa, up to approx. 1 000 C). for gauges and triggers.
- Low porosity (<0,5 %), very high quality surface polish.
- Machining and polishing precision e.g : for a 14 mm Al2 O3
ball, variation on diameter is less than 0,1 m and surface
roughness (Ra) is less than 0,005 m.

07/02

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