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-What is cupping?

http://www.webmd.com/balance/guide/cupping-therapy
SUN De-li, ZHANG A-bao, XU Ming, et al. Study on the Effect of Mild Moxibustion
Combined with Cupping Therapy on Serum Creatine Kinase in Athletes. Chinese
Acupuncture & Moxibustion, 2007, 27(1): 68.
http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-ZGKF200604017.htm
Cupping Therapy http://www.cuppingtherapy.net/ Nice visual display of
different ways to do cupping, using either a vacuum or the Chinese "fire
cupping" technique
-abdominal crunches
Artigo
-bodybuilding myths vs science
http://lifehacker.com/5895140/10-stubborn-exercise-myths-that-wont-die-
debunked-by-science
http://www.livestrong.com/article/558455-3-ways-your-personal-trainer-steers-
you-wrong/
http://forum.simplyshredded.com/topic/3160/page/1/broscience-vs-science-
please-read/
https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn19330-muscle-lab-bulk-up-with-the-
science-of-bodybuilding/
http://www.bodybuilding.com/fun/topicoftheweek83.htm
https://www.google.de/search?sourceid=chrome-
psyapi2&ion=1&espv=2&ie=UTF-8&q=biggest%20myths%20in
%20bodybuilding&oq=biggest%20myths%20on
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what is cupping?
-Como apareceu na midia
olympics..
breve historia do cupping
-Tipos de cupping
http://www.healincupping.com/types.htm
Dry cupping
Wet cupping
Massage or moving cupping
-porque o cupping vem sido usado
Recuperao muscular
Relaxamento
Aliviar dores
Etcs, etcs
-a cincia por tras da pratica
Artigos, dados, grficos...
-colocao pessoal sobre a pratica:
Muito embora poucos estudos tenham sido publicados a cincia tem sempre
vindo aps a pratica... seleo natural de tcnicas e mtodos... infogrfico
ilustrativo... isso ajuda os profissionais e praticantes de todas as reas a usar
melhor e com mais segurana cada tcnica...

On the link bellow

http://www.mdpi.com/2411-5142/1/4/373/htm
Could Cupping Therapy Be Used to Improve Sports Performance?
this therapy releases soft tissue, drains excess uids and toxins, loosens
adhesions, lifts connective tissue, and brings blood ow to stagnant skin and
muscles
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Authors found significantly reduced pain, functional disability, and pain
medication in patients with low-back pain, three months after traditional cupping
compared to standard care

Farhadi, K.; Schwebel, D.C.; Saeb, M.; Choubsaz, M.; Mohammadi, R.; Ahmadi, A.
The effectiveness of wetcupping for nonspecific low back pain in Iran: A
randomized controlled trial. Complement. Ther. Med. 2009, 17, 915
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authors found that a single traditional cupping treatment at the trapezius
muscle was effective in relieving the symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome
as well as associated neck pain
Michalsen,A.;Bock,S.;Ludtke,R.;Rampp,T.;Baecker,M.;Bachmann,J.;Langhorst,J.;Mu
sial,F.;Dobos,G.J. Effects of traditional cupping therapy in patients with carpal
tunnel syndrome: A randomized controlled trial. J. Pain 2009, 10, 601608
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Traditional cupping is mainly used in patients with local blood congestion,
swelling, and adhesions of the connective tissue in the neck region [15]. Cupping
might therefore take the pressure off the tissue and relieve the neck area from
these toxic congestions, which also increases circulation and lymphatic ow.
Since circulation has been shown to be dysfunctional in chronic neck pain
patients [15], cupping might restore normal circulation. Increased circulation in
turn improves oxygen supply and cell metabolism, reducing the amount of
inammatory or toxic substances [15]. This might also explain the significant
effects of cupping on pressure pain thresholds at pain-related areas.
Lauche, R.; Cramer, H.; Hohmann, C.; Choi, K.E.; Rampp, T.; Saha, F.J.; Musial, F.;
Langhorst, J.; Dobos, G. The effect of traditional cupping on pain and mechanical
thresholds in patients with chronic nonspecific neck pain: A randomised
controlled pilot study. Evid. BasedComplement. Altern. Med. 2012, 2012.
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Since traditional cupping is supposed to evacuate toxins and inammatory
agents from the affected area and restore normal circulation, this might explain
the local effects on pressure pain thresholds. The blood volume loss, together
with the local vasodilation might further increase parasympathetic activity by
somatosympathetic reexes, which matches well with the observed self-reported
relaxation.
Studies in the literature on cupping therapy and sport performance are lacking,
but based on the current literature, this kind of a trendy treatment is used to
reduce musclejoint inammation and pain, and consequently increase physical
performance during sport activity.
http://www.mdpi.com/2411-5142/1/4/373/htm
G. Musumeci Could Cupping Therapy Be Used to Improve Sports Performance? J.
Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2016, 1, 373377;
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The evidence from all RCTs of cupping seems positive. The data suggest
effectiveness of cupping compared with conventional treatment [79].
None of the reviewed trials reported severe adverse events.
Por outro lado
The number of trials and the total sample size are too small to distinguish
between any nonspecific or specific effects, which preclude any firm conclusions.
Moreover, the methodological quality was often poor.
Continuando
Assuming that cupping was beneficial for the management of pain conditions, its
mechanisms of action may be of interest. The postulated modes of actions
include the interruption of blood circulation and congestion as well as stopping
the inammatory extravasations (escaping of bodily uids such as blood) from
the tissues [3, 4]. Others have postulated that cupping could affect the
autonomic nervous system and help to reduce pain [3, 4]. None of these theories
are, however, currently established in a scientific sense.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3136528/
Jong-In Kim et. Al. Cupping for Treating Pain: A Systematic Review. Evid Based
Complement Alternat Med. 2011; 2011: 467014.
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This review suggests a potential positive short-term effect of cupping therapy on
reducing pain intensity compared with no treatment, heat therapy, usual care, or
conventional drugs.
From our review of 16 trials involving 921 participants we observed that cupping
therapy reduces pain intensity in chronic or acute pain.

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2095754814000040
H. Cao et Al. Cupping therapy for acute and chronic pain management: a
systematic review of randomized clinical trials. Journal of Traditional Chinese
Medical Sciences (2014) 1, 49e61
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Kims review published in 2011,12 found 6 of 7 trials showed cupping had a
positive effect for low back pain, cancer Cupping therapy for acute and chronic
pain management 59 pain, trigeminal neuralgia, and brachialgia paraesthetica
nocturna compared with usual care, anticancer drugs, analgesics, or heat
therapy
Kim JI, Lee MS, Lee DH, et al. Cupping for treating pain: a systematic review. Evid
Based Complement Alternat Med. 2011;467014.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ecam/nep035.
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According to our findings, clinical studies on cupping therapy were obviously
improved either on number or quality during the last 50 years. Though the
methodological quality of the included RCTs were generally poor, some quality
items showed that it was improved during the last 10 years, such as the number
of the RCTs which reported the sequence generation of randomization (Table 1:
Reporting of five quality components in randomized clinical trials on cupping
therapy).
http://bmccomplementalternmed.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1472-
6882-10-70
H. Cao et Al. Clinical research evidence of cupping therapy in China: a systematic
literature review. ISCMR 201010:70
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Cupping is considered generally safe for healthy people when performed by a
trained health professional; however, bruising, soreness, burns, discomfort, and
skin infections are possible. Cupping should not be performed on people with
underlying health conditions, as more serious side effects can occur. People
considering cupping should not delay conventional treatment for their condition
or use cupping in place of conventional treatment.
https://nccih.nih.gov/news/cupping
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health
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Acupuncture, acupressure, and cupping could be efficacious in treating the pain
and disability associated with CNP or CLBP in the immediate term
Neck pain (NP) and low back pain (LBP) C = chronic
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25710765
Yuan QL et Al. Traditional Chinese medicine for neck pain and low back pain: a
systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS One. 2015 Feb 24;10(2):e0117146.
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0117146. eCollection 2015.
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In this exploratory study dry cupping with a pulsatile cupping device relieved
symptoms of knee OA compared to no intervention. Further studies comparing
cupping with active treatments are needed.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23057611
Teut M et Al. Pulsatile dry cupping in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee - a
randomized controlled exploratory trial. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2012 Oct
12;12:184. doi: 10.1186/1472-6882-12-184.
Picture 1:
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3527288/figure/F1/

Scientist will observe the phenomena


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Metodo cientifico
Observar o fenomeno >
pesquisar o estado da arte >
hiptese: explicao do fenmeno baseado no que foi visto e estudado >
hiptese eh rejeitada ou no