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BRITISH STANDARD BS EN

15048-2:2007

Non-preloaded
structural bolting
assemblies
Part 2: Suitability test

The European Standard EN 15048-2:2007 has the status of a


British Standard

ICS 21.060.01

12&23<,1*:,7+287%6,3(50,66,21(;&(37$63(50,77('%<&23<5,*+7/$:
BS EN 15048-2:2007

National foreword

This British Standard is the UK implementation of EN 15048-2:2007.


The UK participation in its preparation was entrusted by Technical Committee
FME/9, Nuts, bolts and accessories/steering committee, to Subcommittee
FME/9/1, Material.
A list of organizations represented on this committee can be obtained on
request to its secretary.
This publication does not purport to include all the necessary provisions of a
contract. Users are responsible for its correct application.
Compliance with a British Standard cannot confer immunity from
legal obligations.

This British Standard was Amendments issued since publication


published under the authority
of the Standards Policy and
Strategy Committee Amd. No. Date Comments
on 28 September 2007

BSI 2007

ISBN 978 0 580 54678 5


EUROPEAN STANDARD EN 15048-2
NORME EUROPENNE
EUROPISCHE NORM April 2007

ICS 21.060.01

English Version

Non-preloaded structural bolting assemblies - Part 2: Suitability


test

Boulonnerie de construction mtallique non prcontrainte - Garnituren fr nicht planmig vorgespannte


Partie 2 : Essai d'aptitude l'emploi Schraubenverbindungen fr den Metallbau - Teil 2:
Eignungsprfung

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 6 August 2006.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European
Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national
standards may be obtained on application to the CEN Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation
under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the same status as the
official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland,
France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,
Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION


COMIT EUROPEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPISCHES KOMITEE FR NORMUNG

Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 Brussels

2007 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 15048-2:2007: E
worldwide for CEN national Members.
EN 15048-2:2007 (E)

Contents

Foreword......................................................................................................................................................................3
Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................4
1 Scope ..............................................................................................................................................................5
2 Normative references ....................................................................................................................................5
3 Terms and definitions ...................................................................................................................................5
4 Symbols ..........................................................................................................................................................5
5 Tensile test of bolt/nut assemblies ..............................................................................................................6
5.1 Principle..........................................................................................................................................................6
5.2 Test conditions ..............................................................................................................................................6
5.3 Required failure mode ...................................................................................................................................7
5.4 Required tensile resistance ..........................................................................................................................7
6 Test documentation.......................................................................................................................................7
Annex A (informative) Special testing conditions and procedures .....................................................................9
Bibliography ..............................................................................................................................................................10

2
EN 15048-2:2007 (E)

Foreword
This document (EN 15048-2:2007) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 185 Fasteners, the
secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or
by endorsement, at the latest by October 2007, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest
by October 2009.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following coun-
tries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Den-
mark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg,
Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and
United Kingdom.

3
EN 15048-2:2007 (E)

Introduction
This part of this European Standard is intended to test the tensile resistance of bolt/nut/washer assemblies to
ensure that the assemblies are suitable for use in non-preloaded structural bolting. The assemblies may be used in
shear connections or in tension connections if no preload is required. Structural fasteners which meet the
requirements of this part of this European Standard have been designed to allow tensile loading of at least fub As
according to EN 1993-1-8 (Eurocode 3).

NOTE As according to EN 1993-1-8 means As,nom according to the definition in Clause 4.

4
EN 15048-2:2007 (E)

1 Scope
This part of this European Standard specifies a tensile test for bolt/nut assemblies to guarantee their suitability for
non-preloaded bolted connections in civil engineering structures. It applies to assemblies of bolts, nuts (and wash-
ers if required) with dimensional and mechanical characteristics as specified in EN 15048-1.

2 Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references,
only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any
amendments) applies.

EN 15048-1:2007, Non-preloaded structural bolting assemblies Part 1: General requirements

EN ISO 898-1, Mechanical properties of fasteners made of carbon steel and alloy steel Part 1: Bolts, screws and
studs (ISO 898-1:1999)

EN ISO 3506-1, Mechanical properties of corrosion-resistant stainless-steel fasteners Part 1: Bolts, screws and
studs (ISO 3506-1:1997)

EN ISO 7500-1, Metallic materials - Verification of static uniaxial testing machines - Part 1: Tension/compression
testing machines - Verification and calibration of the force-measuring system (ISO 7500-1:2004)

ISO 273, Fasteners Clearance holes for bolts and screws

ISO 6892, Metallic materials Tensile testing at ambient temperature

3 Terms and definitions


For the purposes of this European Standard, the terms and definitions given in EN 15048-1:2007 apply.

4 Symbols

As, nom nominal stress area of the bolt, in mm2 (see also EN ISO 898-1 and EN ISO 3506-1)

d nominal thread diameter, in mm

Fb force in the bolted assembly during the test, in kN

Fbi,max individual value of the maximum force reached by the assembly during the test, in kN

Fub minimum tensile resistance, in kN, (see also EN 15048-1)

5
EN 15048-2:2007 (E)

fub nominal tensile strength (Rm, nom) of bolt, in N/mm2

l bolt length, in mm

5 Tensile test of bolt/nut assemblies

5.1 Principle

The principle of the test is to load the bolt/nut assembly and to measure the force in the bolted assembly during the
tensile test.

5.2 Test conditions

5.2.1 General

The test shall be carried out in accordance with 5.2.2 to 5.2.5.

NOTE Other conditions may be specified, see Annex A.

5.2.2 Test apparatus

The tensile testing machine shall be in accordance with EN ISO 7500-1. Side thrust on the fastener shall be
avoided, e.g. by self aligning grips.

5.2.3 Test assemblies

The test shall be carried out on a bolt/nut assembly without washers. Test assemblies shall be taken from a single
assembly lot or extended assembly lot (see EN 15048-1). Each component of a test assembly shall be tested in the
as received condition and shall be used once only.

5.2.4 Test set-up

Usually tests can be carried out on bolts or screws with l > 3 d or studs with l > 4 d. The test assemblies shall be
positioned in a test set-up as shown in Figure 1 such that the clamp length is the maximum allowed in practice. The
end of the bolt shall protrude not more than one pitch (1 P) beyond the unloaded face of the nut.

To be suitable for bolts with specific geometry (fitted or countersunk head bolt) the test setup has to be adapted.

6
EN 15048-2:2007 (E)

Key

a dh according to ISO 273, medium series

Figure 1 Typical test set-up

5.2.5 Test procedure

The test shall be carried out at an ambient temperature range of 10 C to 35 C.

The tensile test shall be carried out in a continuous manner in accordance with ISO 6892 and the actual force in
the bolted assembly, Fb, shall be measured continuously throughout the test. The speed of testing shall not exceed
20 mm/min.

5.3 Required failure mode

Failure of an assembly with components of carbon steel or alloy steel shall occur by fracture in the free threaded
length or by stripping the engaged threads but not in the shank or at the junction of the head to the shank or the
thread or in the head.

The failure of an assembly with components of stainless steel shall occur by fracture in the shank or in the free
threaded length or by stripping the engaged threads but not by fracture at the junction of the head to the shank or
the thread or in the head.

5.4 Required tensile resistance

In each tensile test the individual value of the maximum force reached by the assembly Fbi, max shall not be less
than the specified tensile resistance Fub:

Fbi, max Fub (1)

where

Fub = Rm, min As, nom

6 Test documentation
The following minimum information shall be included in the test documentation:
a) identification of the laboratory;
7
EN 15048-2:2007 (E)

b) identification of the client;

c) date of reception of the assemblies;

d) date of testing;

e) identification number of the assembly lot or the extended assembly lot (provided by the client);

f) number of bolts, nuts and washers tested;

g) designation of the fasteners;

h) marking of bolts, nuts and washers if any;

i) labelling of the containers;

j) properties of the assemblies: thread tolerance, coating thickness and lubrication if any;

k) tensile test parameters: clamp length and other remarks concerning the execution of tests if any
(e. g. those on special testing conditions and procedures, see Annex A);

l) individual tensile test results (observed failure mode and maximum force achieved by the assembly Fbi,max);

m) conclusions in relation to the requirements of this European standard.

8
EN 15048-2:2007 (E)

Annex A
(informative)

Special testing conditions and procedures


By agreement between the supplier and the purchaser, the following special conditions may be specified:

a) Short or long bolts:

If the bolts are too short to meet the testing conditions defined in 5.2 or too long to be placed in the usual test-
ing apparatus, bolts with appropriate length from the same production run may be tested with standard test
conditions.

b) Washers:

The bolt/nut assembly may be tested with the washers intended for use.

c) Loading:

The speed of testing may be altered or discontinuous loading may be carried out.

9
EN 15048-2:2007 (E)

Bibliography

[1] ENV 1090-1, Execution of steel structures Part 1: General rules and rules for buildings

[2] EN 1993-1-8, Eurocode 3, Design of steel structures Part 1-8: Design of joints

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BS EN
15048-2:2007
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