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# Bulatan 2

## Sisi empat bulatan / Cyclic Quadrilateral

- Sisi empat dengan keempat-empat bucu terletak atas lilitan bulatan.

D
S Q
B

C R

## - ABCD dan PQRS adalah sisi empat bulatan.

S T

V Z

U Y

- STUV dan WXYZ bukan sisi empat bulatan sebab salah satu bucu tidak
terletak atas lilitan bulatan.

0
- The sum of interior opposite angles in a cyclic quadrilateral = 180
B
p

A
s

q
C

r
D

## - p is opposite to r and s is opposite to q

0 0
- p + r = 180 and s + q = 180

Example 1
Calculate the value of x in the following diagram.
B
x

A C

0
86

Solution
0 0
x + 86 = 180
0 0
x = 180 - 86
0
x = 94
0
Therefore, the value of x = 94

Exterior angle and its corresponding interior opposite angle of a cyclic quadrilateral
Q

S
T

- PST = PQR

Example 2
Calculate the value of x and y in the diagram below.
G

y H

0 J B
A

0 0
E D C F

Solution
- Based on cyclic quadrilateral ABCD,
DAB = 75 ( DAB = BCF)
0

DAH 0
= 75 + 27
0

0
= 102
0 0
So, x = 180 - 102
0
x = 78
0
Therefore, the value of x is 78 .

## - Based on cyclic quadrilateral AHCD,

ADC + 68 0 = 180
0
ADC + 68 0 - 68 0 = 180 0 - 68 0
0

0
y = 112
0
Therefore, the value of y is 112

Test yourself

## 1. In the figure below PQRS is a cyclic quadrilateral. Find the value of x

Q

x R

P 105

A.45o
B. 75o
C. 85o
D. 210o

2. In the figure below PQRS is a cyclic quadrilateral and O is the centre of the circle.
Find the value of x

P
0
105
0
70
O
x R

A. 20o
B. 35o
C. 75o
D. 85o

## 3. In figure below ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral. Find the value of x and y.

B
60

A
x
145
C

3y

A. x = 20o , y = 35o
B. x = 35o , y = 40o
C. x = 35o , y = 120o
D. x = 60o , y = 145o

4. In the figure below PQR and PTS are straight lines. Find the value of x and y.
R

65

Q
100

P
y x
T
S

A. x = 25o , y = 35o
B. x = 50o , y = 115o
C. x = 65o , y = 35o
D. x = 100o , y = 115o

5. In figure below PQR is straight line and AB = AE. Find the value of x
C

A x

70

E D

A.35o
B. 40o
C. 70o
D. 110o

A.80o
B. 90o
C. 100o
D. 110o

A.59o
B. 118o
C. 121o
D. 124o

8.

A.20o
B. 26o
C. 32o
D. 42o

## 9. In the diagram, O is the centre of the circle PQRS. The value of p is

a
O

b
U
R

A. 40o
S
Q B. 60o
C. 65o
D. 80o
P
O
160

T
10. In the diagram above, PQR and STU are straight lines. Given O is the centre of
the circle. The value of b a is
A 20
B 50
C 80
D 100