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PROJECT REPORT

ON
OVER VOLTAGE PROTECTION ON LEAD
ACID BATTERY DC CHARGER

SUBMITTED BY
SHUBHAM INGOLE
SONU YADAV RUCHIKA GHIRIYA

DIPLOMA IN ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING


PROJECT GUIDE
PROF. A. G. MAHAKALKAR

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING


SMT. RADHIKATAI PANDAV POIYTECHNIC
BESA, NAGPUR
(2015-2016)
SMT. RADHIKATAI PANDAV POIYTECHNIC BESA,
NAGPUR

CERTIFICATE

This is certify that , the following report


submitted by following student of third year of course Electrical
Engineering as part seminar /project work described by the board
of technical education for the subject OVER VOLTAGE
PROTECTION ON LEAD ACID BATTERY DC CHARGER and the
guided for them work time to time and found him to be statisfied
progressive...
And the following student where associated with him for his work

however is contribution was proportionate.

SUBMITED BY
SHUBHAM INGOLE
SONU YADAV RUCHIKA GHIRIYA
And that the work has been assessed by me and I am
satisfied that the same to the standard envisaged for level of the
course .and that the work may be present external examiner
DATE : ..

Mr. ANIKET G. Mr. ANIKET G.


MAHAKALKAR PROJECT MAHAKALKAR HEAD OF
GUIDE DEPARTMENT
Mr. G.L. GIRHE
DECLARATION
PRINCIPAL

The project title OVER VOLTAGE PROTECTION ON


LEAD ACID BATTERY DC CHARGER. Is our own work carried out
under the guidance of Prof. Mr. A. G. Mahakalkar Lecturer in
Electrical Engineering at SMT. RADHIKATAI
PANDAV POIYTECHNIC BESA, NAGPUR as far our knowledge,
This work in the same from or any other is not submitted by us own
one else for award at any diploma.

PROJECTEES

1) SHUBHAM N. INGOLE
2) SONU J. YADAV
3) RUCHIKA GIRIYA

SUBMISSION
We are the student of final year from branch of ELECTRICAL
ENGINEERING kindly submit that we have completed from time to
time seminar /project is described in this report our on skill and
between the period from to as per guidance of Mr. A G. Mahakalkar
for the subject OVER VOLTAGE PROTECTION ON LEAD ACID
BATTERY DC CHARGER and the student ware associate with us for
this work however quantum of our contribution approved by teacher
.

NAME TRADE ENROLMENT NO.


SHUBHAM EE 1111980181
INGOLE
SONU YADAV EE 1011980138
RUCHIKA GIRIYE EE

DATE: ..
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

The satisfaction and euphoria that accompany the successful


completion of any task would be incomplete without the mentioning of
the people whose constant guidance and encouragement made it possible.
We take pleasure in presenting before you, our project, which is result of
studied blend of both research and knowledge.

We express our earnest gratitude to our internal guide, Assistant


Professor A.G. Mahakalkar Department of Electrical Engineering., our
project guide, for his constant support, encouragement and guidance. We
are grateful for his cooperation and his valuable suggestions.

Finally, we express our gratitude to all other members who are


involved either directly or indirectly for the completion of this project.

PROJECTEES

1) SHUBHAM N. INGOLE
2) SONU J. YADAV
3) RUCHIKA GIRIYA
CONTENTS

CHAPTER NAME PAGE NO.


CHAPTER 1: ABSTRACT
CHAPTER 2: INTRODUCTION
CHAPTER 3: BLOCK DIAGRAM OF PROJE
CHAPTER 4: HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS
4.1 TRANSFORMER
4.2 VOLTAGE REGULATOR (7805)
4.3 MOSFET (BS170 N-CHANNEL)
4.4 DIODES
4.5 FUSE
4.6 REALY (12 VOLT)
4.7 MICROCONTROLLER AT 89C2051
4.8 BATTARY (LEAD ACID 12 V)
4.9 OPTO COUPLER
4.10 ADC 0831(ANALOG TO DIGITAL CONVERTER)
4.11 PUSH ON KEY
4:12 CAPACITOR
4:13 RESISTOR
4:14 LCD (162)
4:15 CRYSTAL OCILLATOR
CHAPTER 5: SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS
CHAPTER 6: LAYOUT DIAGRAM
CHAPTER 7: CODING
CHAPTER 8: ADVANTAGES
CHAPTER 9: LIMITATIONS
CHAPTER 10: APPLICATION
CHAPTER 11: FUTURE SCOPE
CHAPTER 12: COSTING
CHAPTER 13: BIBILIOGRAPHY
CHAPTER 14: PHOTOGRAPHY
CHAPTER 15: DATA SHEETS
ABSTRACT

With the lack of centralized power grids, lead acid batteries have taken the place
of one of the main energy sources available in developing countries. With this in
mind, our objective was to design a cheap, versatile and efficient lead acid car battery
charger which will interest and appeal to the cost-minded customer. Lead-acid
batteries are finding considerable use as both primary and backup power sources. For
complete battery utilization, the charger circuit must charge the battery to full
capacity, while minimizing over-charging for extended battery life. In our circuit we
have used a voltage regulator and comparator to regulate the voltage supply to the
battery for effective charging. LCD will be used to indicate the status of battery
charge.