Sie sind auf Seite 1von 6

T

The Bo
Boshi
hin War
W

ThheBoshinWaar(Warofth heYearofthe eDragon)w as ThheImperialttroopswithttheirmorem modern


accivilwarthattledtotheo
overthrowoffthe weaponryand
w dtacticshadtheupperhhandfrom
TookugawaSho ogunateandtherestorationofthe thhestart.
ImmperialruleinnJapan.
Whilelosingo
W onland,theSShogundidw winatsea
Thhewarfound ditsoriginsin
ndissatisfacttionamong chhiefly,theNa
avalBattleoffAwa.Thisbbattle
southerndomainswiththeeShogunate'shandlingoof occcurredonJa anuary28,11868andwassavictory
foreignersfollo owingtheop peningofJappanduringthhe foortheShogun,whosoonthereafterrretreatedto
priordecade. Eddo.

In1866,theso outherndom mainsofSatsu umaand HavingcommandedtheIm mperialforceesatthe
Chhoshuformed danallianceeagainsttheTokugawa BaattleofTobaaFushimi,SaaigoTakamori
Shhogunatewhichhadruled dfromEdointhe (SSatsuma)the enledtheImmperialarmytoward
Emmperor'snam mesince160 03.TheSatsumaand Eddo,where,onMay3,18668,heaccep ptedthe
Chhoshuleaderrssoughttoo overthrowth heTokugawaa suurrenderofEEdoCastlefroomKatsuKa aishuthe
ShhogunandplacetheEmp perorKomeiintoapositioon Shhogun'snego otiator.KatssuKaishufollowedthe
oftruepower..Throughhim m,theyfelttthatthey lastShogunin ntoexileinShhizuoka.
coouldmoreefffectivelymeeettheforeiggnthreat.
Ho owever,Kom meidiedinJanuary1867, andhis ThheShogunhadsurrende red,buttheresistance
teeenagedsonMutsuhitoascendedtotthethronea s co
ontinued.Do omainsinnoorthernHonsshuformed
theMeijiEmpeeroronFebrruary1867. aleague,theNorthernAlllianceunderthe
le
eadershipoftheAizudom main,allton
noavailthe
Itw
wasclearthaattheShogu unatecouldn nolongerhoold le
eaguefinallysurrendereddonNovemb berof1868
ouutagainsttheeproimperialforcesledbythe afftertheBattleofAizu,w hichhadbeeenfought
SatsumaandC ChoshudomaainsandonN November sincethisyearrslatesummmer.
18867,Tokugaw waYoshinoburesignedhispostasthee
fiftteenthTokugawaShogun.Hisresignationofficia lly AfinalcentreofresistanceewasEzo,w where
traansferredpo owertotheyyoungEmperror,butthe namotoTake
En eaki,afterfleeeingwithhiisFrench
Shhogunwouldn'tgiveupactualcontro olofJapan militaryadvise
m ersoneight Shogunatew warships
eaasily. an
ndproclaime edarepublicc.Afterheavyattack,he
urrenderedinJune1869..Withtheco
su onclusionof
On nJanuary4,1868,theSaatsumaandC Chosuforcess hoostilities,the
eentirecounntrycameun nderthe
seizedtheImp perialpalaceinKyoto. co
ontrolofthe proImperiaal;thismarke edthe
Thhefollowingd daytheEmp perorMeijiwwiththe beeginningofttheMeijieraa.
coonsentoftheeImperialasssemblydecla aredhisownn
restorationtofullpower,ttheabolition nofthetitleoof
Shhogunandth heconfiscatio onoftheShoogun's
lannds.TheEmmperorwasnowincontro ol,andmere ly
155yearsold.TTheShogunh hadnochoicebuttoresoort
toarms.

On nJanuary24,1868,theSShogundecid dedtoprepaare
annattackonKyyoto,occupiiedbySatsum maand
Chhoshuforces.IntheBatttleofTobaFFushimi
(Jaanuary27,18868toJanuaary31,1868))Yoshinobu'ss
armyclashedw withtheSatssumaandCh hoshutroopss.
ThhebetterorgganisedImpeerialforces,a although
ouutnumbered,,defeatedto oShogunsfo orceseasily.

ImperialForces
TheImperialistarmywasmainlycomposedofthe
troopsofthesouthwesterndomainsofSatsuma, ImperialsoptionII
ChoshuandTosa. Leader Status III
TwoGroupsof8Chosu&SatsumaRegulars,
Satsumabegantomodernizeitsmilitarywith BLRifles
Britain'shelpandsoontooktheleadinintroducing Leader, Status II
WesterntechnologyandemployingWestern TwoGroupsof8Tosa&Saga&OwariRegulars,
advisorstoteachthemhowtoapplyit.Theyhad Rifled Muskets
accesstoadvancedriflesliketheBritishSnider Leader, Status I
Enfield,whichwasabreechloadingrifle. OneGroupof6KiheitaiLightInfantry,BLRifles
Point Value: 85
TheChoshudomainwasparticularlyzealousin
developingamodernmilitaryforcewithinterms
oftraininganddoctrine.Thisambitionresultedin
agoodfightingforce,evenwithoutFrench
backers. Theprincipalreasonfortheenlistmentofpeasants
appearstohavebeenresistancetotheadoption
TheKiheitaior"IrregularMilitia"wastheprimary offirearms,whichinJapanhadbecome
militaryformationoftheChoshudomain.Its traditionallyassociatedwiththeverylowest
membersincludedsamurai,butalsopeasantsand stratumofsoldier.
almosteverybodywhowantedtojoin.
Thefirstunittoactuallyincorporatecommoners
andsamuraisidebysideweretheMimpeior
PeoplesMilitiaorganisedbytheTosadomainof
ImperialsoptionI
ShikokuinSeptember1854,toguarditscoast.
LeaderStatusIII
TwoGroupsof8Chosu&SatsumaRegulars, LikeSatsumaandChoshu,theothersouthwestern
RifledMuskets domainswerealsoquicktorecognisethemilitary
Leader,StatusII advantagesofwesterntechnology.Amongstthe
TwoGroupsof8Tosa&Saga&OwariRegulars, quickestwasHizen,which,becauseitincludedthe
RifledMuskets DutchtradingstationoffNagasaki,becamethe
Leader,StatusI centreofDutchlearninginJapan.AllHizen
OneGroupof6KiheitaiLightInfantry,BLRifles samuraiwererequiredtotrainwithfirearmsafter
PointValue:73 1857,aswereallSatsumasamuraiafter1854.

IM
MPERIALFFORCES

Chosu&Sats
C sumaInfanttrywithBLR
Rifle Type
T Regulaars
PointsValue 16 Weeapon BLRifle Size
S 8
Formation FirstFire
e ControlledV. Craashing V. Step Drill
D Characterristics
Out
Always Yes Yes 2 2 2 SharpPractice
Chosu&Sats
C sumaInfanttry Typpe Regularss
PointsValue
P e 100 Weapo on Rifled Muskket Size
e 8
Formation
F FirstFire
e Contro olledV. Craashing V. Step
S Drrill Characterristics
Out
O
Always Yes Yes 2 2 2 SharpPractice
Tosa&Saga
T &OwariInffantry Typpe Regularss
PointsValue
P e 8
8 Weapo on Rifled Muskket Size
e 8
Formation
F FirstFire
e Contro olledV. Craashing V. StepS D
Drill Characterristics
Out
O
Always Yes FirstO
Only 3 3 3
3
Kiheitai
K Typpe LightInfantry
PointsValue
P e 19
9 Weapoon BL Rifle Size
e 6
Formation
F FirstFire
e Contro
olledV. Craashing V. Step
S D
Drill Characterristics
Out
O
Always Yes
1 SharppPractice,GoodShoots

TosaCavalry
T y Typpe ImpactCavalry
PointsValue
P e 8
8 Weapo on Katana Size
e 8
Formation
F FirstFire
e Contro olledV. Craashing V. Step
S D
Drill Characterristics
Out
O
Always 2 3
3 TallyHo
o!
ImperialArti
I illery Typpe Artillery
PointsValue
P e 7/8/9 Weapo on Gun Size
e 5
Formation
F FirstFire
e Contro
olledV. Craashing V. Step
S D
Drill Characterristics
Out
O
No Yes Ye
es 2
N.B.Artilleryp
pointsvaluessareforLight,MediumaandHeavyGu
uns

Sh
hogunateFo
orces
MostmilitaryfformationsinJapanwere emadeup 1867,theSeccondFrench Empiresenttamilitary
In1
ofsamurairetaainersactinggasofficersa
andashigaruu misssiontoassistwithmodeernization.CChassepot
(noowtechnicallyconsidereedlowstatusssamurai)ass rifle
es,thestandardsmallarmmofFrance,,were
rankandfilessoldiers.TheTokugawaggovernment intrroducedave eryadvanceddweaponforritstime.
beeganmodern nizingitsforccesinthe184
40s,but BrittishEnfieldm
muzzleloadinngrifleswerealso
maanyunits,paarticularlythosemaintain nedby pop pular.UniformswereFreenchstyle,an ndincluded
ind mains,stillusedweaponsandtactics
dividualdom covveredkepislikethoseuseedbytheFreenchin
lefftoverfromttheSengokuJidai. NorrthAfricaandMexico.
Arrmourhadfaallenoutofuusebythe18
860s. TheeTokugawaB Bakufuendeedin1868.Thelast
ReememberthaatJapanhadseennearlyy200years feudalmilitaryrreigninJapaanwasresponsiblefor
ofpeaceandthesamuraim mostlyserve
edaspolice itso
owndecay.
an
ndceremoniaalguardsratherthanbatttlefield

soldiers.OnceEuropeanm musketsandrrifles
ennteredthesccene,armourrbecamesiggnificantly
lesssuseful.Theeoverwhelmmingmajorityyofsoldiers Shogunate optionII
go
oingintobatttleinthisperiodsimplyw
worekimonoo Leaader Status III
an
ndjingasa,evveniftheyfo
oughtwithtrraditional TwoGroupsof8Gakuheitaai&DenshutaiRegulars,
shockweaponssuchastheeyari. BLRifles
Leaader, Status I
n1841,theTTokugawaBakufuimportedmilitary
In
TwoGroupsof8ShogunateeloyalclansRegulars,
maanualsandsmallarmsfromtheDutcchin
Muuskets
responsetoth heOpiumWaarinChina.TThismarked
thebeginningofJapanesemodernizatiion.Many Leaader, Status II
One eGroupof6 BLRifles
6Yugekitai Skkirmishers,B
tro
oops,especiaallythoseretainedbyind
dividual
doomainscontinuedtoweaartraditionalclothing. Leaader, Status II
Otthersbeganw wearingmorrestandarduuniforms, One eGroupof1 10ShinsenguumiClan,Kattana
inffluencedbyEuropeanstyylesbutmad deinJapan. Point Value: 88

Th
hemajorityo ofsmallarmsswereGerman
moothborepercussioncaapmusketscalled
sm

"G
Gewehre".Laateron,both htheBakufuandthe
do
omainsimportedmorem modernMini rifles,
whhichstillwerrepercussion
ncapmuzzleeloaders,
bu
uthadrifledbarrels.Thesoldierswerrestill
samuraiandasshigaru,yetarmedandttrainedwith
moodernweapo onry.

Shogunate
eoptionI
Le
eaderStatussIII
Tw
woGroupso of8BakufuR
Regulars,RiffledMusketss
Le
eader,StatussI
Tw
woGroupso of8ShogunaateloyalclansRegulars,
Muskets
M
Le
eader,StatussII
OneGroupof
O f6YugekitaiSkirmishers,BLRifles
Le
eader,StatussII
OneGroupof
O f10ShinsenggumiClan,Katana
PointValue:772

SHOGUNATEFORCES

MODERNIZEDTROOPS

BakufuInfantry Type Regulars


PointsValue 8 Weapon Rifled Muskets Size 8
Formation FirstFire ControlledV. Crashing V. Step Drill Characteristics
Out
Always Yes FirstOnly 3 2 3 ProminentLeader
ShogunateLoyalClansInfantry Type Regulars
PointsValue 5 Weapon Muskets Size 8
Formation FirstFire ControlledV. Crashing V. Step Drill Characteristics
Out
Always Yes FirstOnly 3 2 3 ProminentLeader
Gakuheitai&Denshutai Type Regulars
PointsValue 16 Weapon BLRifle Size 8
Formation FirstFire ControlledV. Crashing V. Step Drill Characteristics
Out
Always Yes Yes 2 2 2 GoodShoots
Yugekitai Type Skirmishers
PointsValue 16 Weapon BLRifle Size 6
Formation FirstFire ControlledV. Crashing V. Step Drill Characteristics
Out
GoodShoots,Tactical,
Always Yes No 2
WeedyCoves
Lancers Type ScoutingCavalry
PointsValue 6 Weapon Lance Size 10
Formation FirstFire ControlledV. Crashing V. Step Drill Characteristics
Out
Always 2 2 TallyHo!
DenshutaiCavalry Type Dragoons
PointsValue 15 Weapon BL Carbine Size 8
Formation FirstFire ControlledV. Crashing V. Step Drill Characteristics
Out
Always Yes No 3 2 TallyHo!
ShogunateArtillery Type Artillery
PointsValue 7/8/9 Weapon Gun Size 5
Formation FirstFire ControlledV. Crashing V. Step Drill Characteristics
Out
No Yes Yes 2
N.B.ArtillerypointsvaluesareforLight,MediumandHeavyGuns

TR
RADITIONALTROOPS

Shinsengum
S i&Shogitai Type
T Clan
PointsValue 6 Weeapon *Katana Size
S 10
Formation FirstFire
e ContrrolledV. Craashing V. Step Drill
D Characterristics
Out
Stuubborn,MovveableDP,
Always
1 Agggressive,*T
Tomahawk
Samurai
S Typpe Tribe
e
PointsValue
P e 55 Weapoon HandWeap pons Size
e 10
Formation
F FirstFiree Contro
olledV. Craashing V. Step
S D
Drill Characterristics
Out
O
Stuubborn,MovveableDP,
Always
2 Agggressive,*T
Tomahawk
Ashigaru
A Typpe Wallahs
PointsValue
P e 33 Weapo on HandWeapons Size
e 12
Formation
F FirstFiree Contro
olledV. Craashing V. Step
S D
Drill Characterristics
Out
O
No 3 MoveableD
DP,Surly
MountedSa
M murai Typpe ImpactCavalry
PointsValue
P e 9 Weapoon HandWeap
pons Size
e 8
Formation
F FirstFire
e Contro
olledV. Craashing V. Step
S D
Drill Characterristics
Out
O
TTallyHo!,Agggressive,
Always
2
SStubborn,Tomahawk
*TTheTomahaawksmentio
onedherearreinfactKattana,butthe
eeffectisthe
esame.