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so looking at it now it looks<font color="#CCCCCC"> brand new</font>
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it's got a fresh coat of paint you'd
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never know<font color="#CCCCCC"> that it's already been to</font>
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space
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[Music]
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so it's six<font color="#E5E5E5"> in the morning you're on our</font>
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<font color="#E5E5E5">way</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> to see a man about a rock
et</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> we are</font>
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here<font color="#E5E5E5"> at Kennedy Space Center to see</font>
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another spacex falcon 9 launch it's a
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pretty standard launch for them but
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that's kind of the point they're sending
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<font color="#CCCCCC">up a satellite for the company SES but</font>
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was extra special about this launch is
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that this Falcon 9 has already been to
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space this<font color="#E5E5E5"> is basically</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> the e
ntire point</font>
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of SpaceX landing all of its rockets for
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the last two years they're trying<font color="#E5E5E5"> to</font>
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perfect reusable rockets so what<font color="#E5E5E5"> is</font>
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reusability well it's just<font color="#CCCCCC"> like it</font>
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sounds it's reusing your rocket after
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launching it seems pretty
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straightforward but expendable<font color="#E5E5E5"> Rockets</font>
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have been more or less than norm since
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the beginning of rocketry once a rocket
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takes off it's essentially treated like
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trash parts of it either stay up in
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space or fall away to earth and break
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apart in the<font color="#E5E5E5"> ocean the problem with</font><font color="#CC
CCCC"> that</font>
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<font color="#CCCCCC">is that you're throwing away a very</font>
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expensive investment with each launch
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rockets cost tens to hundreds of
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millions of<font color="#CCCCCC"> dollars to make and with</font>
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each new mission you have<font color="#CCCCCC"> to make an</font>
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entirely new rocket but reusing<font color="#CCCCCC"> rockets</font>
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especially the most expensive parts like
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the engines<font color="#E5E5E5"> and the propellant tanks can</font>
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help reduce those hefty costs but<font color="#E5E5E5"> it's</font>
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not so simple as just bringing your
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rocket back from space in order<font color="#CCCCCC"> for a</font>
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rocket to get to orbit it has to go
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incredibly fast thousands of<font color="#E5E5E5"> miles per</font>
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hour fast to achieve orbital velocity
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you're talking about you know seven and
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a half kilometers per second which is
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wicked fast and to bring<font color="#CCCCCC"> something back</font>
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<font color="#E5E5E5">from those speeds you have to kind of</font>
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reverse the process you<font color="#CCCCCC"> have to get rid</font>
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<font color="#CCCCCC">of all of that</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> energy which m
eans a lot</font>
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<font color="#E5E5E5">of heat a lot of deceleration a lot of</font>
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pressure<font color="#E5E5E5"> that all has to be managed</font>
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there are a lot of techniques for
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bringing back vehicles from space such
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as using<font color="#E5E5E5"> wings like the space shuttle or</font>
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parachutes but what SpaceX is using is a
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technique called supersonic retro
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propulsion it's basically using the
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its propulsion system what takes the
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vehicle up to bring it back down<font color="#E5E5E5"> again</font>
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<font color="#E5E5E5">SpaceX doesn't save the entire rocket</font>
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though it saves the first stage the
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14-story core of the Falcon 9 that<font color="#E5E5E5"> holds</font>
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the main engines the most of the fuel
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once the<font color="#E5E5E5"> first stage separates from the</font>
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top<font color="#CCCCCC"> of</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> the rocket it makes a
controlled</font>
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fall back to earth fuel left over from
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the launch is used to reignite the
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engines on the rocket in a series of
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burns to help the vehicle re-enter the
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Earth's atmosphere and then slow down
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<font color="#E5E5E5">for landing grid fins attached to the</font>
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rocket help to steer it during the
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descent a big benefit of<font color="#E5E5E5"> this method is</font>
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that it can be scaled up if you want to
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build a bigger rocket which SpaceX
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definitely wants to do the future Falcon
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Heavy is basically three Falcon 9 cores
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strapped together and all three are
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designed to come back to earth basics
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extreme landing 13<font color="#E5E5E5"> of its rockets and so</font>
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far eight of them have touched down
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successfully this one is the second one
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they've ever landed it sent cargo and
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supplies<font color="#CCCCCC"> to the International Space</font>
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Station in april of last year and then
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it returned and made the<font color="#E5E5E5"> first ever</font>
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drone ship landing and now they're going
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<font color="#E5E5E5">to try and do</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> that whole proc
ess again</font>
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this<font color="#E5E5E5"> one is going to attempt to drone</font>
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ship landing for<font color="#E5E5E5"> the second time</font><font color="#CCCCC
C"> this is</font>
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a pretty straightforward launch for
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SpaceX it's sending up a satellite for
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the company<font color="#CCCCCC"> SES which is based out of</font>
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Luxembourg and SES has been very vocal
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about wanting to<font color="#E5E5E5"> be the first ones to</font>
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fly on a flow and booster and they're
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pretty confident that<font color="#E5E5E5"> it's gonna go just</font>
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fine let me tested this thing we've run
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these engines up we've looked at the
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airframe we've looked at all of the
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various different components on<font color="#E5E5E5"> this</font>
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thing and<font color="#E5E5E5"> this thing is good to</font><font color="#CCCCCC
"> go this</font>
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we<font color="#E5E5E5"> don't believe we're taking an</font>
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inordinate risk here a<font color="#E5E5E5"> lot of</font><font color="#CCCCCC">
people</font>
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<font color="#E5E5E5">compare it to flying a plane right you</font>
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wouldn't want<font color="#E5E5E5"> to throw</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> away</
font><font color="#E5E5E5"> your plane</font>
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after it flies from New York<font color="#E5E5E5"> to Los</font>
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Angeles of course a plane doesn't<font color="#CCCCCC"> have</font>
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<font color="#E5E5E5">to go to space and back it doesn't have</font>
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to deal<font color="#E5E5E5"> with the same environmental</font>
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conditions as a rocket<font color="#E5E5E5"> each one of these</font>
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stages the tanks the structure<font color="#E5E5E5"> the</font>
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engines themselves they're going to have
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to<font color="#CCCCCC"> be inspected by the people by</font><font color="#E5E5E
5"> the</font>
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same people that built them in the first
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place re qualified for flight probably
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<font color="#E5E5E5">through some ground based testing before</font>
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they go again so we're<font color="#E5E5E5"> not talking</font><font color="#CCC
CCC"> about</font>
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you know landing a first stage and then
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within hours or minutes launching that
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<font color="#E5E5E5">first stage again plus these stages</font>
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won't last forever CEO Elon Musk has
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said that parts of the Falcon 9 can be
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used up to 100 times but he<font color="#E5E5E5"> expects</font>
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between 10 to 20 relaunches for a single
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stage however<font color="#E5E5E5"> if refurbishment costs are</font>
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only about a few million dollars then
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SpaceX could see some cost savings most
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as a part of the whole<font color="#E5E5E5"> whole nation from</font>
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<font color="#E5E5E5">a</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> more standpoint use of the
boost age I</font>
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represent<font color="#CCCCCC"> I counted up to the 77 cost of</font>
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the<font color="#CCCCCC"> flight</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> SpaceX president G
wynne</font>
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Shotwell says that she expects a thirty
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percent savings for customers that
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launched on reused<font color="#E5E5E5"> rockets though SpaceX</font>
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is only offering discounts on the order
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of ten percent for the time being<font color="#E5E5E5"> we</font><font color="#C
CCCCC"> did</font>
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receive this guy obviously to fly this
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there was some interesting there was
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some incentive to do so but it is not
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just<font color="#E5E5E5"> the money in this particular case</font>
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<font color="#E5E5E5">it's really let's get this</font>
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proof-of-concept moving someone has to
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go<font color="#E5E5E5"> first here till when we're talking</font>
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<font color="#E5E5E5">about millions of dollars that's not an</font>
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insignificant price tip and<font color="#CCCCCC"> any way we</font>
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can lower costs especially for an
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industry as expensive as aerospace means
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more companies can invest<font color="#E5E5E5"> in space in</font>
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the long term it's long been believed in
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the in<font color="#E5E5E5"> this by the space community that</font>
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if we<font color="#E5E5E5"> can make our</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> Rockets re
usable we</font>
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could greatly reduce the cost of access
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to<font color="#E5E5E5"> space we can open the space frontier</font>
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oh my goodness<font color="#CCCCCC"> vocalise</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> confi
gured for</font>
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flight my intent
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nine eight seven<font color="#CCCCCC"> six five four three two</font>
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one
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liftoff of Falcon 9 the world's first
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<font color="#E5E5E5">free flight that vocal class rock in the</font>
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tower whoo
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today so far as a successful launch of
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Falcon 9 caring<font color="#E5E5E5"> SES 10 first agent</font>
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separated from second<font color="#E5E5E5"> stage that's what</font>
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you see on the<font color="#E5E5E5"> left-hand side of your</font>
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screen that's the first stage coming
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<font color="#E5E5E5">back down one</font>
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it's been 15 years to get to this<font color="#E5E5E5"> point</font>
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taking us a long time a lot<font color="#CCCCCC"> of</font><font color="#E5E5E5"
> difficult</font>
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steps long way but I just incredibly
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proud of SpaceX team or able to achieve
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this incredible milestone in the history
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of space we still don't<font color="#CCCCCC"> really know that</font>
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<font color="#E5E5E5">economic implications of reusable</font>
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rockets yet but no matter<font color="#E5E5E5"> what this is a</font>
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watershed moment for the aerospace
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industry a vertical take-off rockets
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that can achieve orbit has never really
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not sure a second time before so no
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matter<font color="#CCCCCC"> what this is a really historic</font>
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moment for the space industry rocket