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Betty Schrampfer Azar

Stacy A. Hagen

Teacher
Resource Disc
Slide shows for use with
PowerPoint presentation software
Laurette Poulos Simmons
Copyright 2007 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
CONTENTS

16-1 Comparisons: using the same (as), similar (to),


16-2 Comparisons: using like and alike
16-3 The comparative: using -er and more
16-4 The superlative: using -est and most
16-5 Using one of + superlative + plural noun
16-6 Using but
16-7 Using verbs after but
16-8 Making comparisons with adverbs
16-1 COMPARISONS: USING THE SAME (AS), SIMILAR
(TO), AND DIFFERENT (FROM)

Maura and Laura


are the same.

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16-1 COMPARISONS: USING THE SAME (AS), SIMILAR
(TO), AND DIFFERENT (FROM)

THE SAME (AS)


Maura and Laura are the same.
Maura is the same as Laura.

Maura Laura

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16-1 COMPARISONS: USING THE SAME (AS), SIMILAR
(TO), AND DIFFERENT (FROM)

SIMILAR (TO)
Nan and Jan are similar.
Nan is similar to Jan.

Nan Jan

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16-1 COMPARISONS: USING THE SAME (AS), SIMILAR
(TO), AND DIFFERENT (FROM)

DIFFERENT (FROM)
Elias and Hannah are different.
Elias is different from Hannah.

Elias Hannah

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16-1 Lets Practice

the same (as)


D is ___________
different from A. similar (to)
different (from)

A B
E F

D
C

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16-1 Lets Practice

the same (as)


B is ___________
the same as E. similar (to)
different (from)
A
B
E F

C D

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16-1 Lets Practice

the same (as)


C is _________F.
similar to similar (to)
different (from)

A
B
E F

D
C

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16-2 COMPARISONS: USING LIKE AND ALIKE

Your bag is like my bag.

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16-2 COMPARISONS: USING LIKE AND ALIKE

I have a brown bag with two straps.


You have a brown bag with two straps.
(a) Your bag is like my bag.
(b) Your bag and my bag are alike.
(c) Our bags are alike.

like = similar to same


alike = similar meaning

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16-2 COMPARISONS: USING LIKE AND ALIKE

(a) Your bag is like my bag.

This + be + like + that.

(b) Your bag and my bag are alike.

This and that + be + alike.

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16-2 Lets Practice

like
alike
Arthurs car

Adelles car

Adelle and Arthur have similar cars.


In other words, their cars are _____.
alike

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16-2 Lets Practice

like
alike

A bus is ____
like a train in some ways.

a bus a train
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16-2 Lets Practice

like
alike

These girls are sisters. They look ____.


alike

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16-3 THE COMPARATIVE: USING -ER AND MORE

Nicola is taller than Bradley.

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16-3 THE COMPARATIVE: USING -ER AND MORE

(a) Nicola is taller than Bradley.


Nicola is more tall than Bradley.
?

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16-3 THE COMPARATIVE: USING -ER AND MORE

(b) Happiness is more important than money.


Happiness is importanter than money.?

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16-3 THE COMPARATIVE: USING -ER AND MORE

(a) Nicola is taller than Bashir.


(b) Happiness is more important than money.

To compare two persons or things:


-er
adjective + + than
more

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16-3 THE COMPARATIVE: USING -ER AND MORE

ADJECTIVE COMPARATIVE

ADJECTIVES WITH big er g


ONE SYLLABLE cheap er
old er

ADJECTIVES funny funn ier


y
THAT END IN -Y pretty y
prettier

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16-3 THE COMPARATIVE: USING -ER AND MORE

ADJECTIVE COMPARATIVE

ADJECTIVES WITH famous more famous


TWO OR MORE important more important
SYLLABLES interesting more interesting

IRREGULAR good better


COMPARATIVE bad worse
FORMS far farther/further

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16-3 Lets Practice

old

Ivana is older
____ than Paris.
Paris 17

Ivana 19
Justine 15

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16-3 Lets Practice

important

more important than money.


Family is _____________

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16-3 Lets Practice

happy
The woman with the smile looks happier
______
than the woman with the frown.

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16-4 THE SUPERLATIVE: USING -EST AND MOST

We have a big family.


My brother is older than me.
Grandpa is the oldest of all.

My Me
brother

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16-4 THE SUPERLATIVE: USING -EST AND MOST

(a) COMPARATIVE
My brother is older than me.
(b) SUPERLATIVE
Grandpa is the oldest of all.

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16-4 THE SUPERLATIVE: USING -EST AND MOST

ADJECTIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE

old older the oldest


ADJECTIVES
WITH ONE
SYLLABLE
big bigger the biggest

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16-4 THE SUPERLATIVE: USING -EST AND MOST

ADJECTIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE

pretty prettier prettiest


ADJECTIVES
THAT END
IN -Y
easy easier easiest

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16-4 THE SUPERLATIVE: USING -EST AND MOST

ADJECTIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE

ADJECTIVES more the most


WITH TWO expensive
OR MORE
expensive expensive
SYLLABLES
more the most
important
important important

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16-4 THE SUPERLATIVE: USING -EST AND MOST

ADJECTIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE

IRREGULAR good better the best


FORMS
bad worse the worst

far farther/ the


further farthest/
furthest

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16-4 Lets Practice

tall
taller
Justine is ______than Paris.
tallest of all the sisters.
Ivana is the ____________
Paris

Ivana
Justine

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16-4 Lets Practice

expensive
A good bicycle is expensive.
A motorcycle is more expensive.
A car is ______________________.
the most expensive (of all)

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16-4 Lets Practice

heavy
A horse is ________than
heavier a dog.
An elephant is __________
the heaviest of all.

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16-5 USING ONE OF + SUPERLATIVE + PLURAL NOUN

Kyung is one of the


cutest babies I know.

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16-5 USING ONE OF + SUPERLATIVE + PLURAL NOUN

(a) Kyung is one of the cutest babies I know.


(b) Angel Falls is one of the most beautiful
waterfalls in the world.
(c) Jackson is one of the best students
in school.

one of + superlative + plural noun

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16-5 Lets Practice

Tahiti beautiful places


in the world most

_________
Tahiti is one of the __________________
most beautiful places
______________.
in the world

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16-5 Lets Practice

Bos Barbeque
in this town
restaurants
worst
____________
Bos Barbecue is one of the ______________
worst restaurants
_________________.
in this town

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16-5 Lets Practice

buildings
the Eiffel Tower
tallest
in France

_____________
The Eiffel Tower is one of the ______________
tallest buildings
_________________.
in the world

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16-6 USING BUT

Janet is sad, but Kendall is happy.

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16-6 USING BUT

,
(a) Janet is sad, but Kendall is happy.

,
(b) He likes classical music, but she likes jazz.

but = This is the opposite of that.


, but

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16-6 Lets Practice

Imelda is tall, but Jana is _____.


short

thirsty
short
difficult
funny
delicious

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16-6 Lets Practice

The first test was easy, but this test is


_________
difficult .

thirsty
short
difficult
funny
delicious

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16-6 Lets Practice

thirsty
short
difficult
funny
The dinner wasnt very good,
delicious
but the dessert was ________.
delicious

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16-7 USING VERBS AFTER BUT

Kendall is happy, but Janet isnt.

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16-7 USING VERBS AFTER BUT

AFFIRMATIVE + but + NEGATIVE


VERB VERB
(a) Kendall is happy, but Janet isnt.
(b) Giraffes are tall, but lions arent.
(c) I was reading, but Lea wasnt.
(d) Ali rides a bike, but Lisa doesnt.

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16-7 USING VERBS AFTER BUT

AFFIRMATIVE + but + NEGATIVE


VERB VERB
(e) They like candy, but we dont.
(f) Jay brought gum, but Alexi didnt.
(g) Adults can cook, but babies cant.
(h) Ann will jump rope, but Janet wont.

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16-7 USING VERBS AFTER BUT

NEGATIVE + but + AFFIRMATIVE


VERB VERB
(i) Janet isnt happy, but Kendall is.
(j) Lions arent tall, but giraffes are.
(k) Ana wasnt reading, but I was.
(l) Lisa doesnt sing, but Ali does.

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16-7 USING VERBS AFTER BUT

NEGATIVE + but + AFFIRMATIVE


VERB VERB
(m) We dont like tea, but they do.
(n) Alexi didnt laugh, but Ramona did.
(o) Babies cant cook, but adults can.
(p) Janet wont play, but Zoe will.

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16-7 USING VERBS AFTER BUT

Kendall is happy, but Janet isnt happy.

Kendall is happy, but Janet isnt.

but shortened verb phrase

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16-7 Lets Practice

This dog is on a leash,


isnt
but that dog ____.

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16-7 Lets Practice

Yung wont go on an airplane,


will
but her friend ___.

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16-7 Lets Practice

Some people love pet goldfish,


dont
but I ____.

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16-8 MAKING COMPARISONS WITH ADVERBS

Jake works harder


than Hal (does).

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16-8 MAKING COMPARISONS WITH ADVERBS

COMPARATIVE
(a) Jamie works more quickly than Pat (does).
SUPERLATIVE
(b) Ben works the most quickly of all.
COMPARATIVE
SUPERLATIVE
adverbs
adverbs ending
ending in
in -ly
-ly
the more
most carefully
the more
most neatly
the more
most slowly
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16-8 MAKING COMPARISONS WITH ADVERBS

COMPARATIVE
(c) Angie works faster than Debbie (does).
SUPERLATIVE
(d) Melissa works the fastest of all.

-er and -est with irregular adverbs


hard, fast, early, late

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16-8 MAKING COMPARISONS WITH ADVERBS

COMPARATIVE
(e) Most people sing better than I (do).
SUPERLATIVE
(f) Steve sings the best of all.

better forms of
best well

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16-8 Lets Practice

Sully had a good score on the English


test.
COMPARATIVE English Test
Merna had a ______
better score. Paula 100%
Merna 88%
SUPERLATIVE
Sully 75%
Paula had _______
the best score
of all.

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16-8 Lets Practice

I have to get up early on Monday.

COMPARATIVE
earlier on Tuesday.
I have to get up _______
SUPERLATIVE
I have to get up _________
the earliest on Friday.

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16-8 Lets Practice

Simone can run quickly.

COMPARATIVE

Majid can run ____________.


more quickly
SUPERLATIVE

Larry can run _______________


the most quickly of all.

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PHOTO CREDITS

Images used under license from:


Shutterstock, Inc.
Clipart.com

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