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Social Equality


Social equality in a society is the social state of affairs whereby

all the people in the society have equal rights under the law,
including right to vote, physical security, freedom of speech and
assembly, and the right to own property and to protect it. In
addition to that, social equality also includes concepts of economic
equity, that is equal access to education, health care, social securitys,
public infrastructure (e.g., roads), and starting and running a business /
organization. It also includes equal opportunities for employment, equal
access to rent apartments, etc. It will mean that there are no legally
enforced social class /caste boundaries and there is no unfair
discrimination motivated by a person's ethnic identity. It also means
that gender, age, sexual orientation, origin, caste or class, income or
property, language, religion, convictions, opinions, health or disability
do not result in unequal treatment under the law and will not reduce
opportunities based on any of those criteria. Social equality often
including civil rights, freedom of speech and expression, property
rights, health equity, economic equality.

Civil Rights

Civil rights" are the rights of individuals to receive equal

treatment (and to be free from unfair treatment or "discrimination")
in a number of settings including education, employment, housing, and
more and based on certain legally-protected characteristics. The "Civil
Rights Movement" referred to efforts toward achieving true equality
for African-Americans in all facets of society, but today the term

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"civil rights" is also used to describe the advancement of equality for
all people regardless of race, sex, age, disability, national origin,
religion, or certain other characteristics.

Freedom of Speech and expression

Freedom of speech is the right to articulate one's opinions and

ideas without fear of government retaliation or censorship, or societal
sanction. The term freedom of expression is sometimes used
synonymously, but includes any act of seeking, receiving and imparting
information or ideas, regardless of the medium used.

Governments restrict speech with varying limitations. Common

limitations on speech relate to obscenity, sedition, incitement, fighting
words, classified information, copyright violation, trade secrets, non-
disclosure agreements, the right to privacy, the right to be forgotten,
The right to freedom of expression is recognized as a human right
under article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
(UDHR) and recognized in international human rights law (IHM) in
the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR).

Property Rights

Property rights refer to the theoretical and legal ownership of

specific property by individuals and the ability to determine how such
property is used. In many countries, including the United States,
individuals generally exercise private property rights the rights of
private persons to accumulate, hold, delegate, rent or sell their

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property. In economics, property rights form the basis for all market
exchange, and the allocation of property rights in a society affects the
efficiency of resource use.

Health Equity

Health equity refers to the study and causes of differences in

the quality of health and healthcare across different populations.
Health equity is different from health equality, as it refers only to
the absence of disparities in controllable or remediable aspects of
health. If a population has a lower life expectancy due to lack of
access to medications, the situation would be classified as a health

Health equity falls into two major categories

1. Horizontal equity

The equal treatment of individuals or groups in the same


2. Vertical equity

The principle that individuals who are unequal should be treated

differently according to their level of need.

Economic Equality

Economic equality is the concept or idea of fairness in economics,

particularly in regard to taxation or welfare economics. More
specifically, it may refer to equal life chances regardless of identity,

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to provide all citizens with a basic and equal minimum of income, goods,
and services or to increase funds and commitment for redistribution.
It often includes taxation, health care, and fair division.

Counter example of social equality

A counter example to social equality is social inequality; priests
could get the legal sentence against other priests reduced, simply by
virtue of being a priest. Women could be very easily brought to trial
and tortured simply call a woman a "witch" without any basis to serve
as proof, and it would be left to the woman to defend that charge
against her. Countless women were thus charged and burned at the
stake, most of them motivated by greed to get at the woman's estate.
Similarly in India; women were denied the rights to education and to
work / job, etc., in this modern era, blacks are denied the rights which
whites entertain (during the Apartheid era) in South Africa.

Promoting social equality is still a challenge that each nation still
has to overcome. It is quite common to see inequality through race,
ethnicity, gender, and social status. We are still segregated by social
class, gender, and through political association. Greed and power also
contribute greatly toward social inequality. The more exposed we are
to different cultures, the more accepting we become. Once we accept
the ideas of other cultures, we will be able to be more accepting of
others, thus eliminating social inequality.

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