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Ultima SLM Ni-Cd battery

Technical manual

May 2006
Contents

1. Introduction 3 7. Battery charging 15


7.1 Charging methods 15
2. Battery applications 4 7.2 Charge acceptance 16
7.3 Temperature effects 17
3. Principles of the oxygen recombination cycle 5
8. Special operating factors 18
4. Construction features of the Ultima battery 7 8.1 Electrical abuse 18
4.1 Plate assembly 7 8.2 Mechanical abuse 18
4.2 Separation 8
4.3 Electrolyte 8 9. Battery sizing principles 19
4.4 Terminal pillars 8
4.5 Venting system 9 10. Installation and operating instructions 20
4.6 Cell container 9 10.1 Receiving the shipment 20
10.2 Storage 20
5. Benefits of the Ultima battery 10 10.3 Installation 20
10.4 Commissioning 22
6. Operating features 11 10.5 Charging in service 22
6.1 Capacity 11 10.6 Periodic maintenance 22
6.2 Cell voltage 11
6.3 Internal resistance 11 11. Refurbishment of Ultima batteries 23
6.4 Effect of temperature on performance 12
6.5 Short-circuit values 12 12. Disposal and recycling 24
6.6 Open circuit loss 13
6.7 Cycling 13
6.8 Water consumption 13
6.9 Gas evolution 14
1. Introduction

The nickel-cadmium battery is This publication details the


the most reliable battery system design and operating
available in the market today. Its characteristics of the Saft Nife
unique features enable it to be brand Ultima battery to enable a
used in applications and successful battery system to be
environments untenable for achieved. A battery which in
other widely available battery normal applications requires no
systems. With the advent of the topping-up but has all the well-
valve-regulated lead acid battery proven advantages of the nickel-
a new concept was available to cadmium pocket plate battery.
the customer, a battery that did
not require water replenishment.
However, this was obtained at
the cost of reliability. To give the
customer a highly reliable
battery of zero or ultra-low
maintenance Saft has developed
the Ultima recombination pocket
plate battery.
3
2. Battery applications

Offshore oil and gas Ultima batteries are designed to


Emergency lighting meet the needs of applications
Fire and security systems requiring the traditional high
Railway signaling reliability of nickel-cadmium
Process control pocket plate cells without the
Switchgear need to replenish with water.
Telecommunications They are indeed the best solution
Mass transit for installations, whether they
UPS are UPS systems, emergency
lighting systems,
telecommunications, where the
risk of failure of the system is
unacceptable. Ultima batteries
are also eminently suitable for
remote applications such as
offshore applications and
switching substations, where the
system must have total reliability
without the need for battery
maintenance.

4
3. Principles of the oxygen
recombination cycle

In a conventional flooded During the charging process


electrolyte pocket plate nickel- evolution of oxygen begins to
cadmium battery water is lost occur a little before the positive
from the battery on overcharge plate reaches its fully charged
due to the following reactions: state and then becomes the
main reaction when the fully
At the positive plate charged condition is reached.
However, the cadmium negative
40H- 2H20 + 02 + 4e- plate has a better charge
(Oxygen evolution) acceptance than the positive
plate and hydrogen is not evolved
At the negative plate until this plate is virtually fully
charged.
4H20 + 4e- 2H2 + 40H-
(Hydrogen evolution) The Ultima battery has been
designed with an excess of
This corresponds to a theoretical cadmium negative material to
loss of 36 g of water for 107 Ah enhance this effect and ensure
of overcharge i.e. 0.335 cm3 that oxygen evolution commences
per Ah. Hence a conventional prior to hydrogen evolution.
cell requires periodic addition of
water. The frequency of this The oxygen which is produced at
operation depends upon the the positive plate surface is
cumulative amount of charge collected by the special porous
received and the operating separator and thus not allowed
temperature. to escape from the region
between the plates. Some
displacement of electrolyte within
the separator occurs, thus
generating extra unfilled pores
for the diffusion of oxygen
directly to the adjacent cadmium
negative plate.
5
As soon as the oxygen reaches The rate at which oxygen is The Ultima battery is fitted with
the negative plate it reacts either produced on overcharge is a low pressure vent on each cell.
chemically: directly related to the charge On overcharge the cells have an
current once the positive plate internal pressure above
2Cd + 02 + 2H20 2Cd(OH)2 (A) has reached a full state of atmospheric pressure. The vent
charge. The charge current in provides an outlet for the release
or electrochemically: turn is controlled by the charging of small quantities of hydrogen
voltage level set on the charging and non-recombined oxygen and
02 + 2H20 + 4e- 40H- (B) equipment and the ambient thus controls the internal
temperature. By controlling the pressure. When the pressure
Reaction (A) has the effect of charge voltage high efficiencies falls below the release pressure
chemically discharging some of can be obtained and in this way either on open circuit or on
the cadmium to cadmium the rate of water loss can be discharge the vent reseals to
hydroxide. The current passing reduced to a fraction of that prevent ingress of air and
through the battery is used to from conventional batteries. minimize self-discharge
recharge this material. reactions.
Though the efficiency of this
Reaction (B) consumes the oxygen recombination is high it
current directly. Thus hydrogen will never achieve 100% as small
evolution at the negative plate is quantities of oxygen will escape
suppressed because the from the separator before
preferred reaction is oxygen reaching and reacting at the
recombination. Hence the total negative plate. Thus a small
process of oxygen generation and quantity of hydrogen will
consumption is referred to as an ultimately be generated and
oxygen recombination cycle. hence a low rate of water loss
will occur. The battery is
The efficiency of this oxygen designed to accommodate this
recombination process depends by provision of a generous
upon the relationship between electrolyte reserve both above
the rate at which oxygen is and around each cell pack within
produced and the rate at which the battery. This ensures a long
it can be collected and service life without the need to
transferred to the negative plate replenish with water too often.
surface. The rate of collection
and transfer of oxygen is
controlled by the separator type
and the cell design.
6
4. Construction features of
the Ultima battery

The active materials of the Saft These plates are then welded to
The construction of the
Ultima pocket plate are retained a current carrying bus bar which
Saft Nife brand Ultima cell
in pockets formed from nickel- further ensures the mechanical
is based upon the Saft
plated steel strips double- and electrical stability of the
pocket plate technology but
perforated by a patented product.
with special features to
process. These pockets are
enhance the low water
mechanically linked together, cut The alkaline electrolyte does not
usage by means of the
to the size corresponding to the react with steel, which means
recombination cycle.
plate width and compressed to that the supporting structure of
the final plate dimension. This the Ultima battery stays intact
process leads to a component and unchanged for the life of the
4.1 Plate assembly which is not only mechanically battery. There is no corrosion
The nickel-cadmium cell consists robust but also retains its active and no risk of sudden death.
of two groups of plates, one material within a steel boundary
containing nickel hydroxide (the which promotes conductivity and
positive plate) and the other minimizes electrode swelling.
containing cadmium hydroxide
(the negative plate).

Protective cover
in line with
EN 50272-2 (safety)
Low pressure with IP2 level.
flame-arresting vent
Terminal pillars

Plate group bus bar

Plate tab

Polypropylene
Pocket plate cell container

Polypropylene
fibrous separator

Saft cells fulfil all


requirements specified
by IEC 60623 and 62259.
7
4.2 Separation The electrode material is less 4.4 Terminal pillars
As described in section 3, the reactive with the alkaline Short terminal pillars are welded
separator is a key feature of the electrolyte (nickel-cadmium to the plate bus bars using a
Ultima battery. It is polypropylene secondary batteries) than with well-proven battery construction
fibrous material which, after acid electrolytes (lead acid method. These posts are
exhaustive analysis of available secondary batteries). manufactured from steel bar,
separator material, was specially Furthermore, during charging internally threaded for bolting on
developed for this product to and discharging in alkaline connectors and are nickel-
give the features required. batteries the electrolyte works plated.
mainly as a carrier of oxygen or
Using this separator and plastic hydroxyl ions from one electrode The terminal pillar to lid seal is
spacing ribs, the distance to the other; hence the provided by a compressed visco-
between the plates is carefully composition or the elastic sealing surface held in
controlled to give the necessary concentration of the electrolyte place by compression lock
gas retention to provide the level does not change noticeably. washers. This assembly is
of recombination required. In the charge/discharge designed to provide satisfactory
reaction of the nickel-cadmium sealing throughout the life of the
By providing a large spacing battery, the potassium hydroxide product.
between the positive and is not mentioned in the reaction
negative plates and a generous formula. A small amount of
quantity of electrolyte between water is produced during the
plates, the possibility of thermal charging procedure (and
runaway is eliminated. consumed during the discharge).
The amount is not enough to
make it possible to detect if the
4.3 Electrolyte battery is charged or discharged
The electrolyte used in Ultima, by measuring the density of the
which is a solution of potassium electrolyte.
hydroxide and lithium hydroxide,
is optimized to give the best Once the battery has been filled
combination of performance, life with the correct electrolyte at
and energy efficiency over a wide the battery factory, there is no
temperature range. need to check the electrolyte
density periodically.
The concentration is such as to
allow the cell to be operated
down to 20C (4F) (for
operating temperature, see
section 5) and it is not necessary
to change the electrolyte during
the life of the cell.
8
4.5 Venting system 4.6 Cell container
Ultima is fitted with a low Ultima is built up using the well-
pressure flame-arresting vent for proven Saft block battery
each cell of the battery. This vent construction. The tough
operates as a one way valve polypropylene containers are
which will allow the release of welded together by heat sealing.
small quantities of hydrogen and Additional end walls are welded
non-recombined oxygen if the on to constrain the small internal
internal pressure exceeds a fixed pressure changes created by the
safety value. The nominal recombination process and the
operating pressure of the vent is low pressure vent.
0.2 bar.
The assembly of the blocks is
When the pressure falls below completed by a clip on cover
the release pressure the vent enclosing the top of the Ultima
reseals to prevent ingress of air. block, giving a non-conducting,
easy to clean, top surface.
The sealing vent has an integral
flame-arresting porous disk to
prevent any possibility of any
external ignition from spreading
into the Ultima cell.
9
5. Benefits of the
Ultima battery

Benefits of the Saft valve- Resistance to mechanical


regulated Ultima battery are: abuse
Ultima is designed to have the
Complete reliability mechanical strength for use in
Does not suffer from the sudden both stationary and mobile
death failure due to internal applications.
corrosion associated with lead
acid batteries. High resistance to electrical
abuse
Exceptional long life Ultima will survive abuses which
It has all the design features will destroy the valve-regulated
associated with the conventional lead acid battery. In particular, it
Saft twenty plus year life has a resistance to overcharging,
batteries. deep discharging, short-circuits,
and accepts ripple currents up
Ultra-low maintenance to 0.2 C5 A I eff.
Ultima can operate for up to
twenty years without topping-up Low installation costs
in normal applications. It can be Ultima can be used with existing
engineered for severe charging systems, has minimal
applications to give prolonged gas evolution without any
ultra-low maintenance with the corrosive vapors, uses
option of water replenishment as corrosion-free polypropylene
and when required. containers and has an easy
bolted assembly system.
Wide operating temperature
range Well-proven pocket plate
The normal Ultima operating construction
temperature range is 0C to Saft has over 80 years of
+40C (+32F to +104F). manufacturing and application
However, Ultima can survive experience with the nickel-
extremes of temperature from as cadmium pocket plate product
low as 50C to up to +70C and this expertise has been built
(58F to up to +158F). into the twenty plus years design
life of the Ultima product.
10
6. Operating features

6.1 Capacity 6.2 Cell voltage For cells 50% discharged the
The Ultima battery capacity is The cell voltage of nickel- internal resistance is about
rated in ampere-hours (Ah) and cadmium cells results from the 20% higher and when 90%
is the quantity of electricity at electrochemical potentials of the discharged it is about 80%
+20C (+68F) which it can nickel and the cadmium active higher. The internal resistance of
supply for a 5 hour discharge to materials in the presence of the a fully discharged cell has very
1.0 V/cell after being fully potassium hydroxide electrolyte. little meaning.
charged. This figure is in The nominal voltage is 1.2 V.
agreement with the IEC 60623 Reducing the temperature also
standard. increases the internal resistance
6.3 Internal resistance and, at 0C (+32F), the internal
According to the IEC 60623 The internal resistance of a cell resistance is about 40% higher
(Edition 4), 0.2 C5 A is also varies with the type of service than at room temperature.
expressed as 0.2 I t A. and the state of charge and is,
The reference test current (I t) is therefore, difficult to define and
expressed as: measure accurately.
C Ah
I t A= n
1h The most practical value for
where: normal applications is the
Cn is the rated capacity discharge voltage response to a
declared by the change in discharge current.
manufacturer in
ampere-hours (Ah), The internal resistance per
and 1/C of an Ultima cell at room
5

n is the time base in hours (h) temperature when measured


for which the rated capacity after float charging at normal
is declared. temperature is 80 m for
SLM 8 to SLM 48 cells and
In practice, Ultima is used in 100 m for SLM 71 to
floating conditions and so the SLM 476 cells; e.g. for an
tabular data is based upon cell Ultima cell type SLM 8 (8 Ah)
performance after several the internal resistance is
months of floating. This 80 x1/8 = 10 m.
eliminates certain correction
factors which need to be used The above figures are for fully
when sizing batteries with charged cells. For lower states
conventional fully charged open of charge the values increase.
cell data (see section 9 Battery
sizing principles).
11
6.4 Effect of temperature 6.5 Short-circuit values
on performance The typical short-circuit value in
Variations in ambient amperes for an Ultima cell is
temperature affect the approximately 15 times the
performance of Ultima and this ampere-hour capacity. The
needs to be taken into account Ultima battery is designed to
when sizing the battery. withstand a short-circuit current
of this magnitude for many
Low temperature operation has minutes without damage.
the effect of reducing the
performance but the higher
temperature characteristics are
similar to those at normal
temperatures. The effect of
temperature is more marked at
higher rates of discharge.

The factors which are required


in sizing a battery to
compensate for temperature
variations are given in a
graphical form in Figure 1 for
the normal recommended
operating temperature range of
0C to +40C (+32F to +104F).

For use at temperatures outside


this range contact Saft for
advice.
Figure 1: Typical de-rating factors versus temperature
for cell final voltage between 1 and 1.10 V
12
6.6 Open circuit loss 6.7 Cycling 6.8 Water consumption
The state of charge of Ultima on Ultima is an ultra-low The Ultima battery works on the
open circuit slowly decreases maintenance product and oxygen recombination principle
with time due to self-discharge. therefore is used generally in and therefore has a much
In practice this decrease is standby and not continuous reduced water consumption. In
relatively rapid during the first cycling applications. practice, for the recommended
two weeks but then stabilizes to Nevertheless, it is designed charging voltages, Ultima has a
about 2% per month at +20C using conventional pocket plate level of recombination of 85% to
(+68F). electrode technology and has 95%. This compares to the level
therefore an equivalent cycling of recombination found in
The self-discharge capability to the standard equivalent vented pocket plate
characteristics of a nickel- product. cells of 30% to 35%. Thus
cadmium cell are affected by the Ultima has a water usage
temperature. At low If Ultima is used in a deep cycling reduced by a factor of up to 10
temperatures the charge application which requires a fast times of that of an open flooded
retention is better than at recharge, there will be significant cell. This means that at suitable
normal temperature and so the gas evolved and the ultra-low charging voltages and
open circuit loss is reduced. maintenance properties of the temperatures, Ultima will not
However, the self-discharge is product will be severely reduced. need water replenishment for
significantly increased at higher However, there are cycling about 20 years.
temperatures. applications where Ultima can be
beneficial. This will depend on
The open circuit loss for Ultima the frequency and depth of
for the standard temperature discharge involved.
and the extremes of the normal
operating range is shown in
Figure 2 for a one year period.

Figure 2: Typical open circuit loss variation with time


13
However, not all needs are the Thus the electrolysis of 1 cm3 of
same and Ultima is designed to water produces about 1243 cm3
allow water replenishment under of hydrogen.
different and more difficult
charging conditions. Figure 3 As stated in section 6.8, under
gives a comparison of different normal recommended float
water replenishment times under conditions Ultima has a
different float voltages at +20C recombination level of 85% to
(+68F). 95% and so the amount of
water which is electrolyzed into
gas is small. Typically an Ultima
6.9 Gas evolution cell will electrolyze about
The gas evolution is a function of 0.002 cm3 of water per Ah of
the amount of water electrolyzed cell capacity per day. This value
into hydrogen and oxygen which is will be smaller or larger
not involved in the recombination depending on the float voltage
cycle. The electrolysis of 1 cm3 of value. Thus a typical value of gas
water produces about 1865 cm3 emission would be 3.5 cm3 per
of gas mixture and this gas Ah of cell capacity per day, or
mixture is in the proportion of 2.5 cm3 of hydrogen per Ah of
2/3 hydrogen and 1/3 oxygen. cell capacity per day.

Figure 3: Effect of charging voltage on water consumption


14
7. Battery charging

In order to ensure that the ultra- 7.1 Charging methods b) Single level float charging
low maintenance properties of Ultima batteries may be charged Ultima batteries are float
the Ultima battery are achieved, by the following methods: charged at 1.42 0.01 V/cell
it is necessary to control the from a fully discharged condition
charge input to the battery to a) Two level constant potential to a high state of charge. This is
minimize the rate of water loss charging detailed in section 7.2 and about
during the life of the product. The initial stage of two-rate 80% of the capacity will be
constant potential charging available after 16 hours of
It is important therefore that the consists of a first charging stage charge.
recommended charge conditions to a maximum voltage of
are complied with. However, 1.45 0.01 V/cell. Temperature compensation may
Ultima is unique in recombination be required as described in
valve-regulated systems in Alternatively, if a faster rate of section 7.3.
allowing the possibility of recharge is required, a voltage
replenishment of water in severe limit of 1.55 V/cell with a
applications where excessive current limit of 0.1 C5 A can be
water loss is unavoidable. used. However, if frequent
recharges are required this will
increase the rate of water loss
and gas generation.

After this first stage the charger


should be switched to a second
maintenance stage at a float
voltage of 1.42 0.01 V/cell.
After a prolonged mains failure
the first stage should be
reapplied manually or
automatically.
15
7.2 Charge acceptance 1.45 V/cell, during the first
The performance data sheets 30 hours of charge from a fully
for Ultima are based upon discharged state.
several months floating and so
are for fully float charged cells. If the application has a particular
recharge time requirement then
A discharged cell will take a this must be taken into account
certain time to achieve this and when calculating the battery
Figure 4 gives the capacity (see section 9 Battery sizing
available for the two principal principles).
charging voltages recommended
for Ultima, 1.42 V/cell and

Figure 4: Available capacity on float charge from a fully discharged cell at +200 C to +250 C (+680 F to +770 F)
16
7.3 Temperature effects Increasing the current increases
The recombination efficiency of the water loss and reducing the
the Ultima cell is dependent on current creates the risk that the
the floating current and this, in cell will not be sufficiently
itself, is a function of the floating charged. Thus as it is clearly
voltage. Thus the floating important to maintain the same
voltages chosen for Ultima are current through the cell, it is
carefully optimized at an ambient necessary to modify the floating
temperature of +20C (+68F) voltage as the temperature
between the current required to changes. The change in voltage
charge the cell and the level of required, or temperature
current required to give the compensation, is given in Figure 5.
ultra-low maintenance features. If these values cannot be exactly
met with a particular system then
As the temperature increases temperature compensation value is
then the electrochemical 3 mV/C/cell (1.7 mV/F/cell).
behavior becomes more active
and so, for the same floating
voltage, the current increases.
As the temperature is reduced
then the reverse occurs.

Figure 5: Charging voltage adjustment for sustained temperatures


17
8. Special operating factors

8.1 Electrical abuse 8.1.3 Overcharge 8.2 Mechanical abuse


8.1.1 Ripple effects Overcharge of a recombination 8.2.1 Shock loads
The nickel-cadmium battery is battery leads to an excessive use The Ultima block battery concept
tolerant to high ripple from of water. has been tested to IEC 68-2-29
standard charging systems. (bump tests at 5 g, 10 g and
Ultima accepts ripple currents In a restricted electrolyte 25 g) and IEC 77 (shock test
up to 0.2 C5 A I eff. battery, such as valve-regulated 3 g), where g = acceleration.
lead acid, this loss of electrolyte
8.1.2 Over-discharge is irreversible and will lead to 8.2.2 Vibration resistance
If more than the designed premature failure of the battery. The Ultima block battery concept
capacity is taken out of a battery has been tested to IEC 77 for
then it becomes over-discharged. In the case of Ultima, with its 2 hours at 1 g, where
This is considered to be an generous electrolyte reserve, a g = acceleration.
abuse situation for a battery and small degree of overcharge will
should be avoided. not significantly alter the 8.2.3 External corrosion
maintenance period. In the case Ultima nickel-cadmium cells are
In the case of lead acid batteries of excessive overcharge, a manufactured in durable
this will lead to failure of the situation which will immediately polypropylene, all external metal
battery and is unacceptable. destroy a valve-regulated lead components are nickel-plated
acid battery, Ultima can be and these components are
The Ultima battery is designed to refurbished as described in protected by an anti-corrosion oil
make recovery from this section 11. and a rigid plastic cover.
situation possible.

18
9. Battery sizing principles

Ultima is designed to be easy to The Ultima data shows that the Thus, the number of cells =
use and specify and so the SLM 238 gives 109 A for 130/1.45 = 89 and so the end
published data is based on cells 2 hours to 1.05 V/cell and so of discharge voltage becomes
which have been on float for the battery would be 91 cells of 95/89 = 1.07 V. The Ultima
several months, i.e. the data SLM 238. performance tables give for
reflects the practical situation. 2 hours discharge at 117 A to
However, if for this example 1.10 V/cell the SLM 285, and
Thus in a situation at normal there was a restriction that the so in this case the battery is 89
ambient temperature without any battery must give 80% of its cells of SLM 285.
specific requirement with regard performance after 10 hours
to recharge time the published from a totally discharged state In this situation, it is advisable to
data can be used directly to size then certain modifications need use a dual rate charger.
the battery. However, if there are to be made to the calculation.
requirements with regard to In principle it is always better to
recharge time or temperature If the single level 1.42 V/cell go to the lowest charge voltage
then this will modify the result. charger is retained, then from as this gives the lowest end of
Figure 4 it can be seen that after discharge voltage, and generally
Examples 10 hours about 74% of the a smaller cell capacity for the
A standby system is to be sited capacity is available and so the same duty, and gives the best
in a building with an ambient battery size will have to be maintenance interval.
temperature of +20C (+68F) increased by the factor 80/74
and the temperature will always or, in other words, 8%. Thus for Temperatures outside the
lie between +15C and +25C a current of 113 A (105 A + 8%) standard range are treated in
(+59F and +77F). It has a to 1.05 V/cell the battery precisely the same way using
maximum voltage of 130 V and a required is 91 cells of SLM 285 Figure 1 for the de-rating
minimum voltage of 95 V and as this gives 131 A to 1.05 V/cell. factors.
requires a back-up of 105 A for
2 hours. From Figure 4, it can be seen When treating temperatures it is
that a voltage of 1.45 V/cell important to note that low
In this case a simple 1.42 V/cell gives 80% of the capacity after temperatures reduce the
single level charger without 10 hours and so there is no performance (Figure 1) and so
temperature compensation can need to increase the cell the battery size must be
be used. capacity to compensate for the increased to accommodate this.
charge. However, the battery
Number of cells = 130/1.42 = 91 has to be recalculated as, with This section is intended to give
and the final voltage will be the same voltage window, the general guidelines in battery
95/91 = 1.04 V/cell. higher charge voltage will modify sizing. For advice on special
the end of discharge voltage. battery applications contact Saft.
19
10. Installation and
operating instructions

Important cells for transport damage. 10.3 Installation


recommendations The battery is shipped filled and 10.3.1 Location
charged, and is ready for Install the battery in a dry and
Never allow an exposed flame immediate use. clean room. Avoid direct sunlight
or spark near the batteries, and heat.
particularly while charging.
Never smoke while performing 10.2 Storage The battery will give the best
any operation on the battery. Store the battery indoors in a dry, performance and maximum
For protection, wear rubber clean, cool location (0C to +30C / service life when the ambient
gloves, long sleeves, and +32F to +86F) and well- temperature is between +10C
appropriate splash goggles ventilated space on open shelves. to +30C (+50F to +86F).
or face shield.
The electrolyte is harmful to Storage of a filled battery at The Ultima valve-regulated
skin and eyes. In the event of temperatures above +30C (+86F) recombination battery can be fitted
contact with skin or eyes, can result in loss of capacity. This onto stands, can be floor-mounted
wash immediately with plenty can be as much as 5% per 10C or can be fitted into cabinets.
of water. If eyes are affected, (18F) above +30C (+86F)
flush with water, and obtain per year. Allow sufficient space over the
immediate medical attention. battery to ensure easy access
Remove all rings, watches Do not store in direct sunlight or during assembly.
and other items with metal expose to excessive heat.
parts before working on the Saft offers a wide selection of
battery. Ultima batteries are supplied filled stands to suit most applications.
Use insulated tools. with electrolyte and charged.
Avoid static electricity and They can be stored in this It is desirable to have easy
take measures for protection condition for a maximum of access to all blocks on a stand-
against electric shocks. 12 months. mounted battery and they should
Discharge any possible static be situated in a readily available
electricity from clothing Never drain the electrolyte from position. Distances between
and/or tools by touching an the cells. stands, and between stands and
earth-connected part walls, should be sufficient to give
ground before working on When deliveries are made in good access to the battery.
the battery. cardboard boxes, store without
opening the boxes. The overall weight of the battery
must be considered and the load
10.1 Receiving the When deliveries are made in bearing on the flooring taken into
shipment plywood boxes, open the boxes account in the selection of the
Unpack the battery immediately before storage. The lid and the battery accommodation. In case
upon arrival. Do not overturn the packing material on top of the of doubt, contact Saft for advice.
package. Check the packages and cells must be removed.
20
When installing Ultima batteries Under normal floating conditions 10.3.3 Mounting
in a cabinet or on a stand the the Saft Ultima battery gives off Verify that cells are correctly
following simple procedures up to 10 times less gas than a interconnected with the
should be adopted. conventional open cell. Thus the appropriate polarity. The battery
need for ventilation is much connection to load should be with
First, place the blocks in the reduced and in many cases no nickel-plated cable lugs.
correct position according to special ventilation requirements
the electrical layout ensuring other than normal room Recommended torques for
that they are correctly series ventilation are required. The terminal bolts are:
connected i.e. red positive quantity of hydrogen given off is M 6 = 11 1.1 N.m
terminal to negative terminal. given in section 6.9 Gas M 8 = 20 2 N.m
Start with the lowest shelf to evolution. However, if the Ultima M10 = 30 3 N.m
ensure stability. battery is commissioned in the
Fit the inter-block connectors final location or if the maximum The connectors and terminals
and, on tiered arrangements, recommended charge current of should be corrosion-protected by
the inter-tier connector. 0.1 C5 is used then the quantity coating with a thin layer of anti-
Connect positive and negative of gas given off will be increased. corrosion oil.
terminals of each battery to
the correct polarity main A typical figure for room 10.3.4 Electrolyte
battery leads making sure that ventilation is about 2.5 air When checking the electrolyte
these are well-secured. changes per hour and under levels, a fluctuation in level
Tighten all bolts firmly with the such conditions it is satisfactory between cells is not abnormal
spanner supplied to the to install 700 watt hours of and is due to the different
recommended torques given in battery capacity per cubic meter amounts of gas held in the
10.3.3. Do not use excessive if the final charge current is at separators of each cell. The level
force. 0.1 C5 A. should be at least 15 mm above
Fit the lid covers. the minimum level mark and
Care should also be taken with there is normally no need to
10.3.2 Ventilation cubicle installations to ensure adjust it.
During the last part of charging, sufficient ventilation and battery
the battery is emitting gases spacing to prevent overloading Do not open or remove the low
(oxygen and hydrogen mixture). and, hence, excess water usage. pressure vents.
At normal float charge, the gas
evolution is very small but some
ventilation is necessary.

Note that special regulations


for ventilation may be valid in
your area depending on the
application.
21
10.4 Commissioning 10.5 Charging in service Note:
Verify that the ventilation is The recommended charging Once the battery has been filled
adequate during this operation. voltages for continuous parallel with the correct electrolyte at
operation, with occasional the battery factory, there is no
10.4.1 Cells stored up to battery discharges, are: need to check the electrolyte
6 months for two level charge: density periodically.
A commissioning charge is float level: Interpretation of density
normally not required and the 1.42 0.01 V/cell measurements is difficult and
cells are ready for immediate high level: could be misleading.
use. If full performances are 1.45 0.01 V/cell Check every two years that
necessary immediately (for for single level charge: all connectors are tight. The
example capacity test), a 1.42 0.01 V/cell connectors and terminal
commissioning charge is For use at temperatures outside bolts should be corrosion-
recommended as mentioned in the range of +15C to +25C protected by coating with a
section 10.4.2. (+59F to +77F), the correcting thin layer of anti-corrosion oil.
factor for charge voltage is Check the charging voltage.
10.4.2 Cells stored more than 3 mV/C/cell (1.7 mV/F/cell). It is important that the
6 months and up to 1 year recommended charging
A commissioning charge is voltage remains unchanged.
necessary: 10.6 Periodic maintenance The charging voltage should
Constant current charge: Ultima is an ultra-low be checked at least once
16 h at 0.1 C5 A recommended maintenance battery and yearly. High water
(see Installation and Operating requires the minimum of consumption of the battery is
Instructions sheet). maintenance. As a periodic usually caused by improper
Constant potential charge: maintenance, the following is voltage setting of the charger.
1.65 V/cell for a minimum of recommended:
30 h with current limited to Keep the battery clean using
0.1 C5 A (see Installation and only water. Do not use a wire
Operating Instructions sheet). brush or solvents of any kind.
If these methods are not Check visually the electrolyte
available, then charging may be level. The topping-up is
carried out at lower voltages, recommended when the
1.50 V/cell for 72 hours electrolyte level reaches the
minimum. minimum level mark but
must be carried out before it
reaches the warning level.
Use only distilled or deionized
water to top-up. Experience
will tell the time interval
between topping-up.
22
11. Refurbishment of
Ultima batteries

Refurbishment of the Ultima Top-up each cell with distilled


battery is recommended when or deionized water to the
the electrolyte level reaches the specified maximum level. Saft
minimum level mark on the cell can supply special topping-up
but must be carried out before it equipment on request.
reaches the warning level on the
cell. Wipe up any small spillage on
cells using a clean cloth.
Refurbishing of the Ultima Replace the vents taking care
battery in fully charged to tighten them correctly
conditions is carried out as i.e. until resistance against a
follows: stop is experienced, and
ensure that the seating
Isolate the battery from the rubber has not been
power supply and the load. disturbed out of position.
Remove the terminal cover. If there is any doubt about
the quality of the sealing ring
With the terminal cover replace with a new vent
removed, the tops of the assembly.
individual cells of the Ultima
battery will be in view. Replace the terminal cover.

Confirm that an adequate The refurbished Ultima cell is


protective finish (recommended now ready for recommissioning:
anti-corrosion oil) remains on
terminal bolts and - discharge the battery at
connectors. Replenish if 0.2 C5 A down to 1.00 V/cell
necessary. - recharge the battery according
to section 10.4 Commissioning.
Carefully loosen the flame-
arresting low pressure vents Note: Before proceeding with
by using a specific tool to any battery refurbishment
release any gas pressure and please ensure that the Important
then remove each vent Recommendations given in the
completely and retain for Ultima Installation and Operating
refitting. Instructions sheet are
complied with.
23
12. Disposal and recycling

In a world where autonomous Ni-Cd batteries must not be


sources of electric power are discarded as harmless waste
ever more in demand, Saft and should be treated carefully in
batteries provide an accordance with local and
environmentally responsible national regulations. Your Saft
answer to these needs. representative can assist with
Environmental management lies further information on these
at the core of Safts business and regulations and with the overall
we take care to control every recycling procedure.
stage of a battery's life cycle in
terms of potential impact.
Environmental protection is our
top priority, from design and
production through end-of-life
collection, disposal and recycling.

Our respect for the environment


is complemented by an equal
respect for our customers. We
aim to generate confidence in our
products, not only from a
functional standpoint, but also in
terms of the environmental
safeguards that are built into
their life cycle. The simple and
unique nature of the battery
components make them readily
recyclable and this process
safeguards valuable natural
resources for future generations.

In partnership with collection


agencies worldwide, Saft organizes
retrieval from pre-collection points
and the recycling of spent Saft
batteries. Safts collection network
can be found on our web site :

www.saftbatteries.com
24
Saft is committed to the highest standards of environmental stewardship.
Implementing this commitment to minimise the impact of its products and operations on the environment means that
Saft gives priority to recycled over unrecycled raw materials, reduces its plant releases into the environment year after
year, minimizes water usage, and ensures that its customers have recycling solutions for their batteries at the end of their lives.
Regarding industrial Ni-Cd batteries, Saft has had partnerships for many years with collection companies in most EU countries as
well as in North America. This collection network receives and dispatches our customers batteries at the end of their lives to fully
approved recycling facilities, in compliance with the Laws governing transboundary waste shipments. Saft offers these services free
of charge to its customers.
Please find a list of our collection points on our web site.
In other countries, Saft assists its customers in finding environmentally sound recycling solutions. Please contact your sales
representative for further information.

Africa Finland Netherlands


Export sales dpt, HansaBattery Oy, Saft Batteries B.V.,
France Espoo Haarlem
Tel: +33 1 49 93 19 18 Tel: +358 9 260 65 292 Tel: +31 23 750 5720
Fax: +33 1 49 93 19 56 Fax: +358 9 260 65 299 Fax: +31 23 750 5725

Argentina France Norway


Energia Alcalina, Division France, Saft AS,
Buenos Aires Bagnolet Osteraas
Tel: +54 11 4334 9034/35 Tel: +33 1 49 93 19 18 Tel: +47 6716 4160
Fax: +54 11 4342 5024 Fax: +33 1 49 93 19 56 Fax: +47 6716 4170

Australia Germany Russia


Saft Australia Pty Ltd, Saft Batterien GmbH, ZAO Alcatel,
Seven Hills Nrnberg Moscow
Tel: +61 2 9674 0700 Tel: +49 911 94 174-0 Tel: +7 095 937 0967
Fax: +61 2 9620 9990 Fax: +49 911 426 144 Fax: +7 095 937 0906

Austria Hong Kong Singapore


Statron GmbH, Saft Ltd, Saft Batteries Pte Ltd,
Wien Kowloon Singapore
Tel: +43 1 617 40 60 Tel: +852 2796 99 32 Tel: +65 6512 1500
Fax: +43 1 617 40 60/40 Fax: +852 2798 06 19 Fax: +65 6749 7282

Belgium India sub continent Spain


AEG Belgium SA, Export sales dpt, Saft Baterias S.L.
Brussels Sweden San Sebastian de los Reyes
Tel: +32 2 529 6543 Tel: +46 491 680 00 Tel: +34 916 593 480
Fax: +32 2 529 6449 Fax: +46 491 681 80 Fax: +34 916 593 490

Brazil Italy Sweden


FSE (Fbrica de Sistemas de Energia) Ltda., Saft Batterie Italia S.r.l., Saft AB,
Sao Paulo Segrate (Milano) Oskarshamn
Tel: +55 11 6100 6304 Tel: +39 02 89 28 07 47 Tel: +46 491 680 00
Fax: +55 11 6100 6338 Fax: +39 02 89 28 07 62 Fax: +46 491 681 80

Canada Japan Switzerland


Please contact USA office Sumitomo Corp., Statron AG,
Tokyo Mgenwil
Chile Tel: +81 3 5144 9082 Tel: +41 62 887 4 887
Techno Parts Ltda., Fax: +81 3 5144 9267 Fax: +41 62 887 4 888
Santiago
Tel: +56 (2) 249 6060 Korea United Kingdom
Enersys Korea Co. Ltd, Saft Ltd,
China Kyunggi-Do Harlow
Saft (Zhuhai Free Trade Zone) Batteries Co Ltd, Tel: +82 2501 0033 Tel: +44 1279 772 550
Shanghai Fax: +82 2501 0034 Fax: +44 1279 420 909
Tel: +86 21 5866 6405
Fax: +86 21 5866 6403 Mexico USA
Troop y Compania, SA de CV, Saft America Inc.,
Czech Republic Mexico North Haven (CT)
Saft Ferak a.s., Tel: +52 55 50 82 10 30 Tel: +1 203 239 4718
Prague Fax: +52 55 50 82 10 39 Fax: +1 203 234 7598
Tel: +420 257 013 260
Fax: +420 257 013 261 Middle East Venezuela
Saft Nife ME Ltd, Corporacin INTELEC C.A.,
Denmark Limassol, Cyprus Caracas
Scansupply A/S, Tel: +357 25 820040 Tel: +58 212 9631122
Birkeroed Fax: +357 25 748492
Tel: +45 45 82 50 90
Fax: +45 45 82 54 40

Doc N 21036-2-0506
Saft Edition: May 2006
Industrial Battery Group Data in this document is subject to change without
12, rue Sadi Carnot notice and becomes contractual only after written
93170 Bagnolet France confirmation.

Tel: +33 1 49 93 19 18 Photo credits: Digital Vision, PhotoDisc, Saft.


Fax: +33 1 49 93 19 64
Socit anonyme au capital de 31 944 000
RCS Bobigny B 383 703 873

www.saftbatteries.com Prepared by Arthur Associates Limited.


(This page intentionally left blank)
MSDS Number: MS-N96-s

MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET


PRODUCT NAME: INDUSTRIAL POCKET PLATE
NICKEL-CADMIUM STORAGE BATTERY
Batteries, Wet, Filled with Alkali, 8, UN2795 PGIII
SAFT AMERICA Inc. For Chemical Emergency
3 Powdered Metals Drive Spill, Leak, Fire, Exposure or Accident
North Haven, CT 06473 Call CHEMTREC - Day or Night
Information: Phone 203-239-4718 800-424-9300
Fax 203-234-7598 Date: 01/07/05
SAFT BRAND INDUSTRIAL NICKEL CADMIUM STORAGE BATTERY
HMIS RATINGS 3 Health 1 Flammability 2 Reactivity
NFPA RATINGS 3 Health 1 Flammability 2 Reactivity

1. HEALTH HAZARD INFORMATION


Effects of Overexposure
Eye Effects: Contact with electrolyte solution inside battery causes very rapid, severe damage. Extremely corrosive
to eye tissues. May result in permanent blindness.
Skin Effects: Contact with electrolyte solution inside battery may cause serious burns to skin tissues. Contact with
nickel compounds may cause skin sensitization, resulting in chronic eczema or nickel itch.
Ingestion: Ingestion of electrolyte solution causes tissue damage to throat area and gastro/respiratory tract.
Ingestion of cadmium and/or nickel compounds causes nausea and intestinal disorders.
Inhalation: Mists generated during activation procedures may cause varying degrees of irritation to the nasal
mucous membranes and respiratory tract tissues varying from mild irritation of nasal mucous
membranes to damage of lung tissues proper. Inhalation of cadmium compounds may cause dry throat,
cough, headache, vomiting, chest pain, and/or chills. Excessive overexposure may result in pulmonary
edema, breathing difficulty, and prostration.
Carcinogenicity: NIOSH recommends that nickel and cadmium be treated as occupational carcinogens.

2. EMERGENCY FIRST AID


Battery Electrolyte (Electrolyte is 18-28% Potassium Hydroxide or KOH)
Eye Contact: Flush with plenty of water for at least 20 minutes. Get immediate medical attention.
Skin Contact: Remove contaminated clothing and flush affected areas with plenty of water for at least 20 minutes.
Ingestion: Do not induce vomiting. Dilute by giving large volumes of water or milk. Get immediate medical
attention. Do not give anything by mouth to an unconscious person.
Inhalation: Remove to fresh air. Give oxygen or artificial respiration if needed. Get immediate medical attention.
Nickel and Cadmium
Compounds
Skin contact: Wash with cold water and soap for 15 minutes..

3. SPECIAL PROTECTION INFORMATION


Perform activation procedures in a well-ventilated area. Battery operating areas must be well ventilated for removal of potentially
dangerous and harmful gases generated. Normal reactions inside the battery liberate explosive and flammable hydrogen gas.
Respiratory Protection: Use NIOSH approved mist respirator during activation and actual usage to maintain exposure levels below
the TWA.
Eye Protection: Use splash goggles or face shield whenever handling a battery.
Hand Protection: If exposure to electrolyte solution or dried salts is likely, use any water-insoluble, non-permeable glove, i.e.,
synthetic rubber. DO NOT user leather or wool.
Other protective Equipment: Rubber boots, rubber apron or rainwear, or equivalent if exposure to electrolyte solution is likely.

4. REACTIVITY DATA
CAUTION: NEVER ACTIVATE OR TOP OFF WITH ACID.
Incompatibilities: Aluminum, zinc, tin and other active metals, acid, chlorinated and aromatic hydrocarbons, nitrocarbons,
halocarbons. Tricholorethylene will react with electrolyte solution to form dichloroacetylene which is spontaneously combustible.
Hazardous Decomposition Products: Nickel compounds, cadmium compounds, and potassium hydroxide.
Note that normal reactions inside battery liberate flammable hydrogen gas. Do not seal battery from atmosphere.
Hazardous Polymerization will not occur.

5. FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARDS


Case Material Polypropylene Acrylic Polysulfone
Melting Point 279F 210F 374F
Decomposition (non-violent) 550F
Auto Ignition 570 - 580F 1022F (550C)
Extinguishing Media CO2, Sand CO2, Sand CO2, Sand

1 MS-N96-s Data MSDS SAFT.rtf


MSDS Number: MS-N96-s

5. FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARDS - continued


Melting Point Boiling Point
Cadmium 608F 1410F
Cadmium Hydroxide N/A 2838F (sublimes)
Nickel 2645F 4950F
Nickel Hydroxide N/A 445F (Decomposes to NiO)
Special Fire Fighting Procedures
Use self-contained breathing apparatus to avoid breathing toxic fumes. Wear protective clothing and equipment to prevent potential
body contact with electrolyte solution or mixture of water and electrolyte solution. Disconnect or cut all cables to and from
battery especially ground connection.
Fire and Explosion Hazards
Electrolyte solution is corrosive to all human tissues. It will react violently with many organic chemicals, especially nitrocarbons and
chlorocarbons. Electrolyte solution reacts with zinc, aluminum, tin and other active materials releasing flammable hydrogen gas.
Cadmium fumes may be released when batteries are subjected to high temperatures. In case of fire, do not breath smoke and
fumes!

6.0 INGREDIENTS CAS# EXPOSURE LIMITS QUANTITY


Cadmium (as Cadmium and 7440-43-9 5.0 ug/m3 dust OSHA 8%
Cadmium Hydroxide) 21041-95-2 0.05 mg/m3 ACGIH CEILING-Fume
Nickel ( as Nickel and 7440-02-0 1 mg/m3 OSHA 9%
Nickel Hydroxide) 1205-44-87
3
Cobalt (as Cobalt Hydroxide) 7440-48-4 0.1 mg/m dust OSHA 0.2%
Electrolyte Solution 1310-58-3 2 mg/m3 ACGIH CEILING-Air 29%
(18-28% potassium hydroxide)
Acrylic Polymer Container None Established OSHA 10%
Polysulfone Container None Established OSHA 10%
Polypropylene container None Established OSHA 10%
Lithium Hydroxide 1310-66-3 None Established OSHA < 1%
Graphite 15 Mg/m3 use respirator 3%
Steel None Established OSHA 39%

7. PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Boiling Point - Not Applicable Melting Point - Not applicable
Vapor Pressure - 2 mm Hg at 68F Vapor Density - Not applicable
Specific Gravity - 1.170 - 1.250 (electrolyte) Evaporation Rate - Not Determined
Solubility in Water - Electrolyte solution is completely soluble. Remainder - is insoluble

8. SPILL MANAGEMENT PROCEDURES


Electrolyte Solution Spills
Small electrolyte solution spills (up to 5 gallons): Flush with water and neutralize with dilute citric acid.
Large spills: Contain material in suitable containers or holding area. DO NOT allow material to enter sewers, streams, or storm
conduits. Recover material with vacuum truck and dispose of properly.
Reportable Quantity: 1000 pounds. 40 CFR-117.13.

9. DISPOSAL INFORMATION
Nickel-cadmium storage batteries are universal waste under RCRA. It may be returned to SAFT for recycling.
Battery is TCLP Toxic. These batteries and the electrolyte solution they contain are considered to be corrosives. If not recycled, they
must be disposed of in accordance with all federal, state, and local hazardous waste regulations.

10. PRECAUTIONS AND COMMENTS


These batteries may be highly charged and are capable of high energy discharge. Care should be taken to handle them properly to
avoid shorting or misuse that will result in a rapid, uncontrolled electrical, chemical, or heat energy release.
Do not transport activated batteries without vent caps in place.
When removing battery from service, visually inspect for leakage prior to handling. If leakage has occurred follow Spill Management
Procedures.
Do not allow an exposed flame or spark to come near the cells.

11. EPCRA REPORTING REQUIREMENTS


Section 313 Supplier Notification This product contains the following EPCRA Section 313 chemicals subject to the reporting
requirements of Section 313 if the Emergency Planning and Community Right-To-Know Act of 1986 (40 CFR 372):
CAS # Chemical Name Percent by Weight
7440-43-9 Cadmium 8%
7440-02-0 Nickel 9%
7440-48-4 Cobalt 0.2%
A copy of this MSDS may be required to be filed with local emergency planning commissions, state emergency response commissions,
and local fire department in accordance with sections of the Emergency Planning and Community right-To-Know Act.

2 MS-N96-s Data MSDS SAFT.rtf


MSDS Number: MS-N96-s

12. TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION

Batteries being forwarded or being returned to Saft for repair should be shipped as Hazardous Material using the following description:
Batteries, Wet, Filled with Alkali, 8 UN2795, PG III.
Spent batteries being sent to Saft for recycling should be shipped as Universal Waste using the following description:
Used Batteries, Wet, Filled with Alkali, 8 UN2795, PG III.

Revision Date: 01/07/05


Disclaimer: This information has been complied for sources considered to be dependable and is, to the best of our knowledge and belief, accurate and reliable as of the dated compiled.
However, no representation, warranty (either expressed or implied) or guarantee is made to the accuracy, reliability or completeness of the information contained herein. This
information relates to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in combination with any other materials or in any process. It is the users responsibility
to satisfy himself as to the suitability and completeness of this information for his own particular use. We do not accept liability for any loss or damage that may occur, whether direct,
indirect, incidental or consequential, from the use of this information nor do we offer warranty against patent infringement. Additional information is available by calling the telephone
number above designated for this purpose.

3 MS-N96-s Data MSDS SAFT.rtf


(This page intentionally left blank)
June 2004

Ultima Ni-Cd batteries


Type SLM
Installation and operating instructions
Important recommendations Never drain the electrolyte from the
cells.
Never allow an exposed flame or
spark near the batteries, When deliveries are made in
particularly while charging. cardboard boxes, store without
Never smoke while performing opening the boxes.
any operation on the battery. When deliveries are made in
For protection, wear rubber plywood boxes, open the boxes
gloves, long sleeves, and before the storage. The lid and Do not open or remove the low
appropriate splash goggles the packing material on top of pressure vents.
or face shield. the cells must be removed.
The electrolyte is harmful to skin
4. Commissioning
and eyes. In the event of contact 3. Installation Verify that the ventilation is
with skin or eyes, wash 3.1. Location adequate during this operation.
immediately with plenty of water. Install the battery in a dry and clean 4.1. Cells stored up to 6 months:
If eyes are affected, flush with room. Avoid direct sunlight and heat. A commissioning charge is normally
water, and obtain immediate
The battery will give the best not required and the cells are ready
medical attention.
performance and maximum service for immediate use.
Remove all rings, watches and life when the ambient temperature is If full performances are necessary
other items with metal parts between +10C to +30C (+50F to immediately, a commissioning
before working on the battery. +86F). charge as mentionned in
Use insulated tools. section 4.2. is recommended.
3.2. Ventilation
Avoid static electricity and take 4.2. Cells stored more than
During the last part of charging,
measures for protection against 6 months and up to 1 year:
the battery is emitting gases (oxygen
electric shocks. A commissioning charge is
and hydrogen mixture). At normal
Discharge any possible static float charge, the gas evolution is necessary:
electricity from clothing very small but some ventilation is Constant current charge:
and/or tools by touching an necessary. 16 h at 0.1 C5 A maximum
earth-connected part "ground" (see the current in Table A)
Note that special regulations for
before working on the battery.
ventilation may be valid in your Constant potential charge:
1. Receiving the shipment area depending on the application. 1.65 V/cell for a maximum of
30 h with current limited to
Unpack the battery immediately 3.3. Mounting
0.1 C5 A (see the current
upon arrival. Do not overturn the Verify that cells are correctly in Table A).
package. interconnected with the appropriate
Check the packages and cells for polarity. The battery connection to If these methods are not available,
transport damage. load should be with nickel plated then charging may be carried out
cable lugs. at lower voltages, 1.50 V/cell for
The battery is shipped filled and
72 hours minimum.
charged, and is ready for immediate Recommended torques for terminal
use. bolts are:
5. Charging in service
2. Storage M 6 = 11 1.1 N.m
The recommended charging voltages
M 8 = 20 2 N.m for continuous parallel operation, with
Store the battery indoors in a dry,
clean, cool location (0C to +30C / M 10 = 30 3 N.m occasional battery discharges, are:
+32F to +86F) and well ventilated The connectors and terminals for two level charge:
space on open shelves. should be corrosion-protected float level:
Storage of a filled battery at by coating with a thin layer of 1.42 0.01 V/cell
temperatures above +30C (+86F) anti-corrosion oil.
high level:
can result in loss of capacity. This 3.4. Electrolyte 1.45 0.01 V/cell
can be as much as 5 % per 10C
When checking the electrolyte levels, for single level charge:
(18F) above +30C (+86F) per year.
a fluctuation in level between cells is
Do not store in direct sunlight or 1.42 0.01 V/cell
not abnormal and is due to the
expose to excessive heat. different amounts of gas held in the For use at temperatures outside
Ultima batteries are supplied filled separators of each cell. The level the range of +15C to +25C
with electrolyte and charged, they should be at least 15 mm above the (+59F to +77F), the correcting
can be stored in this condition for minimum level mark and there is factor for charge voltage is
maximum 12 months. normally no need to adjust it. 3 mV/C/cell ( 1.7 mV/F/cell).
Ultima Ni-Cd batteries
6. Periodic Maintenance Table A:
Ultima is an ultra low maintenance
Capacity Charging current Cell connection
battery and requires the minimum Cell type
(Ah) 0.1 C5 A (A) bolt per pole
of maintenance. As a periodic
maintenance, the following is SLM 8 8 0.8 M6
recommended: SLM 16 16 1.6 M6
Keep the battery clean using only SLM 24 24 2.4 M6
water. Do not use a wire brush or SLM 32 32 3.2 M6
solvents of any kind. SLM 40 40 4.0 M6
Check visually the electrolyte level. SLM 48 48 4.8 M6
The topping-up is recommended SLM 71 71 7.1 M8
when the electrolyte level reaches SLM 95 95 9.5 M8
the minimum level mark but must SLM 119 119 11.9 M 10
be carried out before it reaches
SLM 142 142 14.2 M 10
the warning level. Use only distilled
or deionized water to top-up. SLM 166 166 16.6 2xM8
Experience will tell the time interval SLM 190 190 19.0 2xM8
between topping-up. SLM 238 238 23.8 2 x M 10
Note: There is no need to check SLM 285 285 28.5 2 x M 10
the electrolyte density periodically. SLM 357 357 35.7 3 x M 10
Interpretation of density
SLM 426 426 42.6 3 x M 10
measurements is difficult and
SLM 476 476 47.6 4 x M 10
could be misleading.
Check every two years that all
connectors are tight. The
connectors and terminal bolts
should be corrosion-protected
by coating with a thin layer of
anti-corrosion oil.
Check the charging voltage. In
parallel operation, it is of great
importance that the recommended
charging voltage remains
unchanged. The charging voltage
should be checked at least once
yearly. High water consumption
of the battery is usually caused
by improper voltage setting of
the charger.

7. Environment
To protect the environment all used
batteries must be recycled.
Contact your local Saft representative
for further information.

Saft
Industrial Battery Group Doc N 21136.2 - 0604
12, rue Sadi Carnot Data in this document is subject to change without
93170 Bagnolet - France notice and becomes contractual only after written
confirmation.
Tel: +33 1 49 93 19 18
Socit anonyme au capital de 31 944 000
Fax: +33 1 49 93 19 64 RCS Bobigny B 383 703 873
www.saftbatteries.com Pragma - Printed in France - 2k