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SUVIDYA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

Mumbai : 400055

SAMPLE DESIGN CALCULATION - SKIRT SUPPORT DESIGN OF VERTICAL COLUMN


REFERENCE Pressure Vessel Design Manual by Dennis R. Moss

VESSEL DESIGN DATA AND WEIGHT CALCULATION


CODE ASME SEC. VIII, DIV. 1 LATEST
P DESIGN PRESSURE 6.0 / F.V Barg
T DESIGN TEMPERATURE 250 Deg. C
E WELD JOINT EFFCIENCY 0.85
CA CORROSION ALLOWANCE 1.5 mm
MATERIAL OF CONSTRUCTION
SHELL SA 515 GR. 70
SKIRT IS : 2062 GR. A
CONSTRUCTION DETAILS
D SHELL ID 1.5 Met
H Overall Column Height 30.4 Met
h SKIRT HEIGHT 5 Met
OTHER INFORMATION
Liquid Hold up : 1500 mm from Bottom T.L.
Type of dished end : 2 : 1, Ellipsoidal
Insulation : Yes (HOT) 100 mm.
Internals : 30 Trays (Valve Type)

Complete column is divided into 6 section as shown in the sketch below

Sr. No LEVELS units I II III IV V VI Total


1 Mean Diameter mm 1536 1512 1512 1510 1510 1508
2 Height mm 5000 5000 5000 5000 5000 5390
3 Shell/Dish Kg 2750 2240 2240 1860 1860 1655
4 Body Flange Kg 0 0 0 0 0 0
5 Nozzles Kg 100 160 160 160 160 160
6 Trays /Packing Kg 0 400 700 600 700 600
7 Liquid Hold up Kg 0 3530 910 780 910 780
8 Water Total Kg 0 9200 8830 8830 8830 9200
9 Insulation/Attachme Kg 500 300 300 300 300 300
10 Erection Weight Kg 2850 2400 2400 2020 2020 1815 13505.00
11 Operating Weight Kg 3350 6630 4310 3700 3930 3495 25415.00
12 Testing Weight Kg 2850 12000 11930 11450 11550 11615 61395.00
13 Shut Down weight kg 3350 3100 3400 2920 3020 2715 18505.00

Calculation is based on
a Erection Weight : 3 + 4 +5 Kg 13505.00
b Operating Weight : 3 + 4 +5+6+7+9 Kg 25415.00
c Test weight : 3 + 4 + 5 +6+8 Kg 61395.00
d Shut Down weight : 3 + 4 + 5 + 6 +9 Kg 18505.00

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SUVIDYA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
Mumbai : 400055

SAMPLE DESIGN CALCULATION - SKIRT SUPPORT DESIGN OF VERTICAL COLUMN


REFERENCE Pressure Vessel Design Manual by Dennis R. Moss

WIND MOMENT CALCULATION

CODE IS : 875
Do Vessel Outside Diameter 1.512 Met
In Insulation Thickness 0.1 Met
De Effective Vessel diameter = ( De + 2. In) 1.712 Met
Site Near Mumbai

Basic Wind speed (From IS : 875 for


Vb 40 ,m/s
site near Mumbai)

K1 Risk Factor 1
K2 Terrain Height Factor
Level - I 1
Level - II 1
Level - III 1
Level - IV 1
Level - V 1
Level - VI 1
K3 Topography Factor 1.0
Vz Design Wind speed ; ( Vb . K1. K2 . K3 ) m/Sec
Pz Wind Pressure ; ( 0.6. Vz2 ) / 9.81 Kg / m2
H Height of each section Met
Af Cross section area subjected to wind load m2
Fx Wind Load ; ( Pz . Af )
hi Height from base to plane under consideration met
hx Height from base to C.G of respective section met
V Total Shear load Fx 5091.39 Kg.
Mb Moment at the base Fx . Hx 77363.7282 Kg.met
Mb 559271.675 lb.ft
Mt Mb - hi . [ V -( 0.5. Pz. De . hi ) ] Kg.met

LEVELS Vz Pz De H Af Fx hi hx Fx. Hx Mt Mt

m/sec Kg/m2 met m2 Kg met met Kg. Met lb. Ft


VI 40.00 97.86 1.712 5.39 9.23 903.01 25.00 27.695 25008.9881 2433.6242299694 17592.96
V 40.00 97.86 1.712 5.00 8.56 837.68 20.00 22.500 18847.7064 9042.8866152905 65372.11
IV 40.00 97.86 1.712 5.00 8.56 837.68 15.00 17.500 14659.3272 19840.528205505 143429.56
III 40.00 97.86 1.712 5.00 8.56 837.68 10.00 12.500 10470.948 34826.549000612 251765.30
II 40.00 97.86 1.712 5.00 8.56 837.68 5.00 7.500 6282.56881 54000.949000612 390379.34
I 40.00 97.86 1.712 5.00 8.56 837.68 0.00 2.500 2094.1896 77363.728205505 559271.67
V 5091.39 Mb 77363.7282

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SUVIDYA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
Mumbai : 400055

SAMPLE DESIGN CALCULATION - SKIRT SUPPORT DESIGN OF VERTICAL COLUMN


REFERENCE Pressure Vessel Design Manual by Dennis R. Moss

SEISMIC MOMENT CALCULATION


FIND OUT BASE SHEAR ; ( Vh ) (As per procedure given in IS:1893-2002)
SITE MUMBAI, INDIA
ZONE III
Z ZONE FACTOR 0.16
I IMPORTANCE FACTOR (Table - 6 - IS:1893-2002) 1
R RESPONSE REDUCTION FACTOR (Table - 7 - IS:1893-2002) 4

Sa/g AVERAGE RESPONSE ACCELERATION CO-EFFICIENT 2.5

Cl. 6.4.5 - IS:1893 - 2002, Soil - Medium soil sites

Ah DESIGN HORIZONTAL ACCELERATION SPECTRUM


Ah (Z x I ) / ( R x (Sa/g)) 0.016
Wo Total Weight of vessel , Operating 25415.00 lb
56014.66 lb
Vh Horizontal Seismic Force ; ( Ah . Wo ) 896.23 lb
H Overall Height of vessel 99.6792 feet
D Uniform column Diameter 5.61536 feet
t Thickness of shell 0.2362205 in
ht (2/3).H 597.48971 feet

T Period of Vibration
= 0.0000265 . ( H/ D)2 . (Wo. D / ht ) 0.5 0.2070943 Sec

Ft Lesser of followings
0.07 . T. Vh 12.992353 lb
0.25*Vh 224.05864 lb
Ft Governing 12.992353 lb
F Lateral Force applied at C.G of vessel ; ( Vh - Ft ) 883.24 lb
Mb' Overturning Moment at base ; ( Ft . H) + 2/3 . (F. H) 59988.985 lb. Ft

Comparing Mb & Mb' -- Governing Moment is effective due to wind. Use Mb for further calculation.

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SUVIDYA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
Mumbai : 400055

SAMPLE DESIGN CALCULATION - SKIRT SUPPORT DESIGN OF VERTICAL COLUMN


COMBINED STRESS ANALYSIS
COMBINED STRESS ANALYSIS TO BE CARRIED OUT FOR FOLLOWING CONDITION
A ERECTION CONDITION
B OPERATING CONDITION
C TESTING CONDITON
STRESS SHALL BE CALCULATED INDUCED DUE TO
A DEAD WEIGHT
B INTERNAL PRESSURE
C WIND OR SEISMIC EFFECT

xt Longitudinal stress, Tension ( Pi . D / 4 t ) + (48. Mt / pi . D2. t ) - ( Wh/ Pi. D. t)


xc Longitudinal stress, Compression ( - ) ( Pe. D / 4 t ) - (48. Mt / pi . D2. t ) - ( Wh/ Pi. D. t)

LOADING CONDTION : ERECTION


Weight of each Shear Load Allowable Limit Allowable Limit
LEVELS
Section Wh
Mt D t (New) xt S1E1
xc Factor B
lb lb lb.ft in in PSI PSI PSI PSI
VI 4000.26 4000.26 17592.96 59.53 0.236 230.62 17000 -411.76 -11000.00
V 4452.08 8452.34 65372.11 59.53 0.236 1002.10 17000 -1384.84 -11000.00
IV 4452.08 12904.42 143429.56 59.53 0.236 2326.36 17000 -2910.70 -11000.00
III 5289.6 18194.02 251765.30 59.53 0.236 4184.44 17000 -5008.31 -11000.00
II 5289.6 23483.62 390379.34 59.53 0.315 4946.48 17000 -5744.02 -11000.00
I 6281.4 29765.02 559271.67 59.53 0.472 4768.24 17000 -5442.15 -11799.97
NOTE EFFECT DUE TO INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL PRESSURE TO BE IGNORED DURING ERECTION STAGE
ALLOWABLE STRESS CALCULATED AT AMBIENT CONDITION
WELD EFFICIENTY : 0.85
LOADING CONDTION : SHUTDOWN
Weight of each Shear Load Allowable Limit Allowable Limit
LEVELS
Section Wh
Mt D t (Corroded) xt S1E1
xc Factor B
lb lb lb.ft in in PSI PSI PSI PSI
VI 5983.86 5983.86 17592.96 59.53 0.177 247.61 17000 -608.89 -11000.00
V 6656.08 12639.94 65372.11 59.53 0.177 1209.72 17000 -1972.87 -11000.00
IV 6435.68 19075.62 143429.56 59.53 0.177 2915.52 17000 -4067.24 -11000.00
III 7493.60 26569.22 251765.30 59.53 0.177 5326.43 17000 -6930.57 -11000.00
II 6832.40 33401.62 390379.34 59.53 0.256 5880.69 17000 -7276.84 -11000.00
I 7383.40 40785.02 559271.67 59.53 0.413 5306.84 17000 -6362.18 -11799.97
NOTE EFFECT DUE TO INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL PRESSURE TO BE IGNORED DURING ERECTION STAGE
ALLOWABLE STRESS CALCULATED AT AMBIENT CONDITION
WELD EFFICIENTY : 0.85
LOADING CONDTION : OPERATING
Weight of each Shear Load Allowable Limit Allowable Limit
LEVELS
Section Wh
Mt D t (Corroded) xt S1E1
xc Factor B
lb lb lb.ft in in PSI PSI PSI PSI
VI 7702.98 7702.98 17592.96 59.53 0.177 699.71 14875 -744.79 -11000.00
V 8661.72 16364.70 65372.11 59.53 0.177 1601.28 14875 -2169.31 -11000.00
IV 8154.80 24519.50 143429.56 59.53 0.177 3255.18 14875 -4315.58 -11000.00
III 9499.24 34018.74 251765.30 59.53 0.177 5605.54 14875 -7239.46 -11000.00
II 14612.52 48631.26 390379.34 59.53 0.256 5911.32 14875 -7653.28 -11000.00
I 7383.40 56014.66 559271.67 59.53 0.413 5325.81 14875 -6595.21 -11799.97
NOTE ALLOWABLE STRESS CALCULATED AT DESIGN TEMPERATURE.
WELD EFFICIENTY : 0.85
LOADING CONDTION : TEST
Weight of each Shear Load Allowable Limit Allowable Limit
LEVELS
Section Wh
Mt D t (New) xt S1E1
xc Factor B
lb lb lb.ft in in PSI PSI PSI PSI
VI 25599.46 25599.46 17592.96 59.53 0.236 342.55 14875 -258.41 -11000.00
V 25456.20 51055.66 65372.11 59.53 0.236 669.98 14875 37.52 -11000.00
IV 25235.80 76291.46 143429.56 59.53 0.236 1555.17 14875 891.22 -11000.00
III 26293.72 102585.18 251765.30 59.53 0.236 2969.20 14875 2273.74 -11000.00
II 26448.00 129033.18 390379.34 59.53 0.315 3699.38 14875 3154.16 -11000.00
I 6281.40 135314.58 559271.67 59.53 0.472 3952.59 14875 3573.36 -11799.97
NOTE ALLOWABLE STRESS CALCULATED AT DESIGN TEMPERATURE.
WELD EFFICIENTY : 0.85
HYDROSTATIC TEST PRESSURE IS 1.5 TIMES DESIGN PRESSURE + EFFECT DUE TO STATIC HEAD
SUCH BIG COLUMN HYDROTESTD IN HORIZONTAL CONDITION IN WORKSHOP
EXTERNAL PRESSURE WILL BE ZERO IN ABOVE CALCULATION
CONCLUSION
STRESSES INDUCED DURING DIFFERENT CONDITIONS ARE WELL WITHIN IN ALLOWABLE LIMITED AND HENCE PROVIDE THICKNESS ARE ADEQUATE

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SUVIDYA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
Mumbai : 400055

SAMPLE DESIGN CALCULATION - SKIRT SUPPORT DESIGN OF VERTICAL COLUMN


REFERENCE Pressure Vessel Design Manual by Dennis R. Moss

ANCHOR BOLT CALCULATION - EQUIVALENT AREA METHOD


REFER TABLE 3.33 FOR NO. OF BOLTS
SHELL O/D 59.45 in
RECOMMENDED MINIMUM NO.OF ANCHOR BOLTS 8 Nos
RECOMMENDED MAXIMUM NO.OF ANCHOR BOLTS 12 Nos.
N NO. OF BOLTS ASSUMED 12 Nos.
MATERIAL OF CONSTRUCITON FOR ANCHOR BOLTS SA36
ALLOWABLE TENSILE STRESS FOR ANCHOR BOTLS,
Fs 19000 PSI
(REFER TABLE 3.34)
ALLOWABLE COMPRESSIVE STRESS FOR CONCRETE,
Fc 1000 PSI
(REFER TABLE 3.35)
RATIO OF MODULUS OF ELASTICITY OF STEEL TO
n 12
CONCRETE (REFER TABLE 3.35)
Mb OVERTURNING MOMENT DUE TO WIND 559271.67 lb.ft
Wb WEIGHT OF VESSEL AT BASE - TEST WEIGHT 135314.58 lb
d OUTSIDE DIAMETER OF SKIRT 64.00 in
r OUTSIDE RADIUS OF SKIRT 32.00 in
w WIDTH OF BASE PLATE 5.00 in
APPROXIMATE VALUE OF ' K '
K [ 1 / ( 1 + (Fs / n.Fc))] 0.387
CO-EFFICIENT FROM CHART
Cc 1.64
Ct 2.33
J 0.783
Z 0.427
TENSILE LOAD IN STEEL ; ( T )
T (Mb - Wb - Z.d )/ J.d 8459.65 lb
REQUIRED ROOT AREA ; (Ab)
Ab ( T. pi . d / Fs . r . Ct ) 1.200 in2
ROOT AREA OF ONE BOLT : Ab / N 0.1000 in2
Ra PROVIDED ROOT AREA 0.302 in2
SELECTED BOLT DIAMETER : 0.75" HENCE OK
STRESS IN EQUIVALENT STEEL BAND ; ( ts )
ts ( N. Ra ) / ( pi. d ) 0.0180 in
EQUIVALENT TENSILE STRESS IN ANCHOR BOLT ; ( fs )
fs T / (ts . r . Ct ) 6293.7 PSI
COMPRESSIVE LOAD IN CONCRETE ; ( C )
C T + Wb 143774.23 lb
EQUIVALENT COMPRESSIVE STRESS IN CONCRETE ; ( fc )
fc C / ([ (w - ts )+n. ts].r.Cc ) 527.02 lb
RECHECKING ' K ' USING ACTUAL' fs' and ' fc'
K [ 1 / ( 1 + (fs / n.fc))] 0.501 lb
SINCE THIS VALUE OF ' K ' IS DIFFERENT THAN THAT WAS ASSUMED. HENCE RECALCULATE

5 OF 8
SUVIDYA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
Mumbai : 400055

SAMPLE DESIGN CALCULATION - SKIRT SUPPORT DESIGN OF VERTICAL COLUMN


REFERENCE Pressure Vessel Design Manual by Dennis R. Moss

ANCHOR BOLT CALCULATION - EQUIVALENT AREA METHOD


TRIAL - 2
APPROXIMATE VALUE OF ' K '
w WIDTH OF BASE PLATE 5.50 in
K 0.300
RATIO OF MODULUS OF ELASTICITY OF STEEL TO
n 12
CONCRETE (REFER TABLE 3.35)
CO-EFFICIENT FROM CHART
Cc 1.51
Ct 2.442
J 0.781
Z 0.438
TENSILE LOAD IN STEEL ; ( T )
T (Mb - Wb - Z.d )/ J.d 8481.3 lb
REQUIRED ROOT AREA ; (Ab)
Ab ( T. pi . d / Fs . r . Ct ) 1.148 in2
ROOT AREA OF ONE BOLT : Ab / N 0.0957 in2
Ra PROVIDED ROOT AREA 0.302 in2
SELECTED BOLT DIAMETER : 0.75" HENCE OK
STRESS IN EQUIVALENT STEEL BAND ; ( ts )
ts ( N. Ra ) / ( pi. d ) 0.0180 in
EQUIVALENT TENSILE STRESS IN ANCHOR BOLT ; ( fs )
fs T / (ts . r . Ct ) 6020.4 PSI
COMPRESSIVE LOAD IN CONCRETE ; ( C )
C T + Wb 143795.88 lb
EQUIVALENT COMPRESSIVE STRESS IN CONCRETE ; ( fc )
fc C / ([ (w - ts )+n. ts].r.Cc ) 522.24 lb
RECHECKING ' K ' USING ACTUAL' fs' and ' fc'
K [ 1 / ( 1 + (fs / n.fc))] 0.510 lb

NOW CALCULATED VALUE OF 'K' IS VERY CLOSE TO ASSUMED VALUE


AND SIZING IS ADEQUATE
SUMMARY
db SIZE OF BOLT DIAMTER 0.75 in
N NO. OF BOLTS 8 Nos.
w WIDTH OF BASE PLATE 5.50 in
MOC OF SELECTED BOLTS SA36

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SUVIDYA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
Mumbai : 400055

SAMPLE DESIGN CALCULATION - SKIRT SUPPORT DESIGN OF VERTICAL COLUMN


REFERENCE Pressure Vessel Design Manual by Dennis R. Moss

DESIGN OF ANCHOR CHAIR


SELECTED TYPE OF ANCHOR CHAIR - TYPE -3

R OUTSIDE RADIUS OF SKIRT SHELL 30.000 in


tsk SKIRT SHELL THICKNESS 0.472 in
a 2 in
c 1.5 in
e c - (db/2) 1.125 in
h 12 in
l a+c 3.5 in
tc COMPRESSION PLATE THICKNESS 1.00 in
tb BASE RING THICKNESS 1.00 in
w Width of Base Ring 5.5 in
b SPACING BETWEEN TWO GUSSETS 2.500 in
A COMPRESSION PLATE WIDTH 4.5000 in
tg GUSSETS THICKNESS 0.5 in
d BOLT CIRCLE DIAMETER 64 in
N NO.OF ANCHOR BOLTS 8 Nos.
db DIAMTER OF BOLT HOLE IN BASE PLATE 1.75 in
bs SPACING BETWEEN ANCHOR CHAIR 21.63 in
ALLOWABLE TENSILE STRESS FOR ANCHOR BOTLS,
Fs 19000 PSI
(REFER TABLE 3.34)
Ra PROVIDED ROOT AREA 0.302 in2

7 OF 8
SUVIDYA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
Mumbai : 400055

SAMPLE DESIGN CALCULATION - SKIRT SUPPORT DESIGN OF VERTICAL COLUMN


REFERENCE Pressure Vessel Design Manual by Dennis R. Moss

DESIGN OF ANCHOR CHAIR


BASE PLATE DESIGN - TYPE 3
CHECKING THICKNESS BETWEEN TWO GUSSETS
MAXIMUM ANCHOR BOLT FORCE ; (P)
P Fs . Ra 5738 lb
BENDING MOMENT ; (Mo)
Mo P. b / 8 1793.125 lb. in
REQUIRED THICKNESS ; ( tb)
tb [ ( 6 . Mo) / ( (w-db).Fs) ]0.5 0.389 in
CHECKING THICKNESS BETWEEN TWO ANCHOR CHAIR
RATIO l / bs 0.162
BENDING MOMENT PER UNIT LENGTH - REFER TABLE 3.36
Mx 0.00379. fc. b2 12.37 lb. in
My -0.465. fc. l 2
-2974.83 lb.in

Mo GREATER OF Mx or My -2974.835 lb.in


REQUIRED THICKNESS ; ( tb)
tb [ ( 6 . Mo) / Fs ]0.5 0.969 in

tb GREATER OF ABOVE 0.969 in

PROVIDED BASE PLATE THICKNESS ; ( tb ) 1.00 in

COMPRESSION PLATE THICKNESS CHECK - TYPE 3


MINIMUM THICKNESS OF TOP PLATE ; tc
tc [ ( P / Fs. e )(0.375.b - 0.22 db) ]0.5 0.385 in

PROVIDED TOP COMPRESSION PLATE THICKNESS ; (tc) 1.00 in

GUSSET PLATE THICKNESS CHECK - TYPE -3


REQUIRED GUSSET THICKNESS ; ( tg )
tg P / ( 18000. l) > 3/8 " 0.0911 in

PROVIDED GUSSET PLATE THICKNESS ; (tg) 0.50 in


SKIRT SHELL THICKNESS CHECK - TYPE 3

Z 1 0.000732
[(1.77 . A. h2)/ (R. tsk)0.5] [(tb / tsk)2] + 1

424.00 PSI
S

SINCE S < 25000 PSI, HENCE PROVIDED SHELL THICKNESS IS ADEQUATE

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